Abstract

The paper presents theoretical and experimental results on photonic crystal structures which work under the self-collimation condition to couple free space waves into dielectric slabs in the sub-terahertz range. Using a standard machining process, two-dimensional photonic crystal structures consisting of a square array of air holes in the dielectric medium are fabricated. One of the structures has two adjacent parallel line-defects that improve the coupling efficiency. This leads to a combination of self-collimation and directional emission of electromagnetic waves. The experimental results are in good agreement with those of the Finite- Element-Method calculations. Experimentally we achieve a coupling efficiency of 63%.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  6. H. Kurt and D. S. Citrin, "Photonic crystals for biochemical sensing in the terahertz region," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 041108 (2005).
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  25. www.comsol.com

2007 (2)

D. W. Prather, S. Shi, J. Murakowski, G. J. Schneider, A. Sharkawy, C. Chen, B. Miao, and R. Martin, " Self-collimation in photonic crystal structures: a new paradigm for applications and device development," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 40, 2635 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yu. Zhang, Ya. Zhang, and B. Li, "Highly-efficient directional emission from photonic crystal waveguides for coupling of freely propagated terahertz waves into Si slab waveguides," Opt. Express 15, 9281 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

D. Tang, L. Chen, and W. Ding, "Efficient beaming from photonic crystal waveguides via self-collimation effect," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 131120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Chen, T. Pertsch, R. Iliew, F. Lederer, and A. Tünnermann, "Directional emission from photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 14, 2423 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Meisels, R. Gaji??c, F. Kuchar, and K. Hingerl, "Negative refraction and flat-lens focusing in a 2D square-lattice photonic crystal at microwave and millimeter wave frequencies," Opt. Express 14, 6766 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. T. Rakich, M. S. Dahlem, S. Tandon, M. Ibanescu, M. Soljacic, G. S. Petrich, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. A. Kolodziejski, and E. P. Ippen, " Achieving centimetre-scale supercollimation in a large-area two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nat. Mater 5, 93 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (5)

M. Augustin, R. Iliew, C. Etrich, D. Schelle, H. J. Fuchs, U. Peschel, S. Nolte, E. B. Kley, F. Lederer, and A. Tunnermann, "Self-guiding of infrared and visible light in photonic crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. B 81313 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Yamashita and C. J. Summers, "Evaluation of self-collimated beams in photonic crystals for optical interconnect," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 23, 1341 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Morrison and Y. S. Kivshar, "Engineering of directional emission from photonic-crystal waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 081110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Morrison and Y. S. Kivshar, "Beaming effect from increased-index photonic crystal waveguides," Appl. Phys. B 81,343 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Kurt and D. S. Citrin, "Photonic crystals for biochemical sensing in the terahertz region," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 041108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (4)

E. Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, and L. Martín-Moreno, "Enhanced transmission and beaming of light via photonic crystal surface modes," Phys. Rev. B 69, 121402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Kramper, M. Agio, C. M. Soukoulis, A. Birner, F. Müller, R. B. Wehrspohn, U. Gösele, and V. Sandoghdar, "Highly directional emission from photonic crystal waveguides of subwavelength width," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 113903 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Berrier, M. Mulot, M. Swillo, M. Qiu, L. Thylen, A. Talneau, and S. Anhand, "Negative refraction at infrared wavelength in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 073902 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Shahabadi, S. Atakaramians, and N. Hojjat, "Transmission line formulation for the full-wave analysis of two-dimensional dielectric photonic crystals," IEEE Proc. Sci. Meas. Tech. 151, 327 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2002 (3)

J. Witzens, M. Loncar, and A. Scherer, "Self-collimation in planar photonic crystals," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8,1246 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Imdada, S. Noda, A. Chutinan, M. Mochizuk, and T. Tanaka, "Channel drop filter using a single defect in a 2-D photonic crystal slab waveguide," J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 873 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Ryu, H. G. Park, and Y. H. Lee, "Two-dimensional photonic crystal semiconductor lasers: computational design, fabrication, and characterization," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 891 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

M. Notomi, "Theory of light propagation in strongly modulated photonic crystals: refractionlike behaviour in the vicinity of the photonic band gap," Phys. Rev. B 62, 10696 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs," J. Phys. Rev. B 60, 5751 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

R. D. Meade, A. Devenyi, J. D. Joannopoulos, O. L. Alerhand, D. A. Smith, and K. Kash, ????Novel applications of photonic bandgap materials: Low-loss bends and high-Q cavities,???? Appl. Phys. 75, 4753 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Agio, M.

P. Kramper, M. Agio, C. M. Soukoulis, A. Birner, F. Müller, R. B. Wehrspohn, U. Gösele, and V. Sandoghdar, "Highly directional emission from photonic crystal waveguides of subwavelength width," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 113903 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Alerhand, O. L.

R. D. Meade, A. Devenyi, J. D. Joannopoulos, O. L. Alerhand, D. A. Smith, and K. Kash, ????Novel applications of photonic bandgap materials: Low-loss bends and high-Q cavities,???? Appl. Phys. 75, 4753 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Anhand, S.

A. Berrier, M. Mulot, M. Swillo, M. Qiu, L. Thylen, A. Talneau, and S. Anhand, "Negative refraction at infrared wavelength in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 073902 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Atakaramians, S.

M. Shahabadi, S. Atakaramians, and N. Hojjat, "Transmission line formulation for the full-wave analysis of two-dimensional dielectric photonic crystals," IEEE Proc. Sci. Meas. Tech. 151, 327 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Augustin, M.

M. Augustin, R. Iliew, C. Etrich, D. Schelle, H. J. Fuchs, U. Peschel, S. Nolte, E. B. Kley, F. Lederer, and A. Tunnermann, "Self-guiding of infrared and visible light in photonic crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. B 81313 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Berrier, A.

A. Berrier, M. Mulot, M. Swillo, M. Qiu, L. Thylen, A. Talneau, and S. Anhand, "Negative refraction at infrared wavelength in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 073902 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Birner, A.

P. Kramper, M. Agio, C. M. Soukoulis, A. Birner, F. Müller, R. B. Wehrspohn, U. Gösele, and V. Sandoghdar, "Highly directional emission from photonic crystal waveguides of subwavelength width," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 113903 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C.

D. W. Prather, S. Shi, J. Murakowski, G. J. Schneider, A. Sharkawy, C. Chen, B. Miao, and R. Martin, " Self-collimation in photonic crystal structures: a new paradigm for applications and device development," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 40, 2635 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C. C.

Chen, L.

D. Tang, L. Chen, and W. Ding, "Efficient beaming from photonic crystal waveguides via self-collimation effect," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 131120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chutinan, A.

M. Imdada, S. Noda, A. Chutinan, M. Mochizuk, and T. Tanaka, "Channel drop filter using a single defect in a 2-D photonic crystal slab waveguide," J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 873 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Citrin, D. S.

H. Kurt and D. S. Citrin, "Photonic crystals for biochemical sensing in the terahertz region," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 041108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dahlem, M. S.

P. T. Rakich, M. S. Dahlem, S. Tandon, M. Ibanescu, M. Soljacic, G. S. Petrich, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. A. Kolodziejski, and E. P. Ippen, " Achieving centimetre-scale supercollimation in a large-area two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nat. Mater 5, 93 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Devenyi, A.

R. D. Meade, A. Devenyi, J. D. Joannopoulos, O. L. Alerhand, D. A. Smith, and K. Kash, ????Novel applications of photonic bandgap materials: Low-loss bends and high-Q cavities,???? Appl. Phys. 75, 4753 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ding, W.

D. Tang, L. Chen, and W. Ding, "Efficient beaming from photonic crystal waveguides via self-collimation effect," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 131120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Etrich, C.

M. Augustin, R. Iliew, C. Etrich, D. Schelle, H. J. Fuchs, U. Peschel, S. Nolte, E. B. Kley, F. Lederer, and A. Tunnermann, "Self-guiding of infrared and visible light in photonic crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. B 81313 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fan, S.

S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs," J. Phys. Rev. B 60, 5751 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fuchs, H. J.

M. Augustin, R. Iliew, C. Etrich, D. Schelle, H. J. Fuchs, U. Peschel, S. Nolte, E. B. Kley, F. Lederer, and A. Tunnermann, "Self-guiding of infrared and visible light in photonic crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. B 81313 (2005).
[CrossRef]

García-Vidal, F. J.

E. Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, and L. Martín-Moreno, "Enhanced transmission and beaming of light via photonic crystal surface modes," Phys. Rev. B 69, 121402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gösele, U.

P. Kramper, M. Agio, C. M. Soukoulis, A. Birner, F. Müller, R. B. Wehrspohn, U. Gösele, and V. Sandoghdar, "Highly directional emission from photonic crystal waveguides of subwavelength width," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 113903 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hojjat, N.

M. Shahabadi, S. Atakaramians, and N. Hojjat, "Transmission line formulation for the full-wave analysis of two-dimensional dielectric photonic crystals," IEEE Proc. Sci. Meas. Tech. 151, 327 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ibanescu, M.

P. T. Rakich, M. S. Dahlem, S. Tandon, M. Ibanescu, M. Soljacic, G. S. Petrich, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. A. Kolodziejski, and E. P. Ippen, " Achieving centimetre-scale supercollimation in a large-area two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nat. Mater 5, 93 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Iliew, R.

C. C. Chen, T. Pertsch, R. Iliew, F. Lederer, and A. Tünnermann, "Directional emission from photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 14, 2423 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Augustin, R. Iliew, C. Etrich, D. Schelle, H. J. Fuchs, U. Peschel, S. Nolte, E. B. Kley, F. Lederer, and A. Tunnermann, "Self-guiding of infrared and visible light in photonic crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. B 81313 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Imdada, M.

M. Imdada, S. Noda, A. Chutinan, M. Mochizuk, and T. Tanaka, "Channel drop filter using a single defect in a 2-D photonic crystal slab waveguide," J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 873 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

P. T. Rakich, M. S. Dahlem, S. Tandon, M. Ibanescu, M. Soljacic, G. S. Petrich, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. A. Kolodziejski, and E. P. Ippen, " Achieving centimetre-scale supercollimation in a large-area two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nat. Mater 5, 93 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

P. T. Rakich, M. S. Dahlem, S. Tandon, M. Ibanescu, M. Soljacic, G. S. Petrich, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. A. Kolodziejski, and E. P. Ippen, " Achieving centimetre-scale supercollimation in a large-area two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nat. Mater 5, 93 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs," J. Phys. Rev. B 60, 5751 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. D. Meade, A. Devenyi, J. D. Joannopoulos, O. L. Alerhand, D. A. Smith, and K. Kash, ????Novel applications of photonic bandgap materials: Low-loss bends and high-Q cavities,???? Appl. Phys. 75, 4753 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, S. G.

S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs," J. Phys. Rev. B 60, 5751 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kash, K.

R. D. Meade, A. Devenyi, J. D. Joannopoulos, O. L. Alerhand, D. A. Smith, and K. Kash, ????Novel applications of photonic bandgap materials: Low-loss bends and high-Q cavities,???? Appl. Phys. 75, 4753 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kivshar, Y. S.

S. K. Morrison and Y. S. Kivshar, "Beaming effect from increased-index photonic crystal waveguides," Appl. Phys. B 81,343 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Morrison and Y. S. Kivshar, "Engineering of directional emission from photonic-crystal waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 081110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kley, E. B.

M. Augustin, R. Iliew, C. Etrich, D. Schelle, H. J. Fuchs, U. Peschel, S. Nolte, E. B. Kley, F. Lederer, and A. Tunnermann, "Self-guiding of infrared and visible light in photonic crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. B 81313 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kolodziejski, L. A.

P. T. Rakich, M. S. Dahlem, S. Tandon, M. Ibanescu, M. Soljacic, G. S. Petrich, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. A. Kolodziejski, and E. P. Ippen, " Achieving centimetre-scale supercollimation in a large-area two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nat. Mater 5, 93 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kramper, P.

P. Kramper, M. Agio, C. M. Soukoulis, A. Birner, F. Müller, R. B. Wehrspohn, U. Gösele, and V. Sandoghdar, "Highly directional emission from photonic crystal waveguides of subwavelength width," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 113903 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Krauss, T. F.

Kurt, H.

H. Kurt and D. S. Citrin, "Photonic crystals for biochemical sensing in the terahertz region," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 041108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lederer, F.

C. C. Chen, T. Pertsch, R. Iliew, F. Lederer, and A. Tünnermann, "Directional emission from photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 14, 2423 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Augustin, R. Iliew, C. Etrich, D. Schelle, H. J. Fuchs, U. Peschel, S. Nolte, E. B. Kley, F. Lederer, and A. Tunnermann, "Self-guiding of infrared and visible light in photonic crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. B 81313 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. H.

H. Y. Ryu, H. G. Park, and Y. H. Lee, "Two-dimensional photonic crystal semiconductor lasers: computational design, fabrication, and characterization," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 891 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Li, B.

Loncar, M.

J. Witzens, M. Loncar, and A. Scherer, "Self-collimation in planar photonic crystals," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8,1246 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Martin, R.

D. W. Prather, S. Shi, J. Murakowski, G. J. Schneider, A. Sharkawy, C. Chen, B. Miao, and R. Martin, " Self-collimation in photonic crystal structures: a new paradigm for applications and device development," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 40, 2635 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Martín-Moreno, L.

E. Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, and L. Martín-Moreno, "Enhanced transmission and beaming of light via photonic crystal surface modes," Phys. Rev. B 69, 121402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mazilu, M.

Meade, R. D.

R. D. Meade, A. Devenyi, J. D. Joannopoulos, O. L. Alerhand, D. A. Smith, and K. Kash, ????Novel applications of photonic bandgap materials: Low-loss bends and high-Q cavities,???? Appl. Phys. 75, 4753 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Meisels, R.

Miao, B.

D. W. Prather, S. Shi, J. Murakowski, G. J. Schneider, A. Sharkawy, C. Chen, B. Miao, and R. Martin, " Self-collimation in photonic crystal structures: a new paradigm for applications and device development," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 40, 2635 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mochizuk, M.

M. Imdada, S. Noda, A. Chutinan, M. Mochizuk, and T. Tanaka, "Channel drop filter using a single defect in a 2-D photonic crystal slab waveguide," J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 873 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Moreno, E.

E. Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, and L. Martín-Moreno, "Enhanced transmission and beaming of light via photonic crystal surface modes," Phys. Rev. B 69, 121402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Morrison, S. K.

S. K. Morrison and Y. S. Kivshar, "Engineering of directional emission from photonic-crystal waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 081110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Morrison and Y. S. Kivshar, "Beaming effect from increased-index photonic crystal waveguides," Appl. Phys. B 81,343 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Müller, F.

P. Kramper, M. Agio, C. M. Soukoulis, A. Birner, F. Müller, R. B. Wehrspohn, U. Gösele, and V. Sandoghdar, "Highly directional emission from photonic crystal waveguides of subwavelength width," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 113903 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mulot, M.

A. Berrier, M. Mulot, M. Swillo, M. Qiu, L. Thylen, A. Talneau, and S. Anhand, "Negative refraction at infrared wavelength in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 073902 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Murakowski, J.

D. W. Prather, S. Shi, J. Murakowski, G. J. Schneider, A. Sharkawy, C. Chen, B. Miao, and R. Martin, " Self-collimation in photonic crystal structures: a new paradigm for applications and device development," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 40, 2635 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Noda, S.

M. Imdada, S. Noda, A. Chutinan, M. Mochizuk, and T. Tanaka, "Channel drop filter using a single defect in a 2-D photonic crystal slab waveguide," J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 873 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nolte, S.

M. Augustin, R. Iliew, C. Etrich, D. Schelle, H. J. Fuchs, U. Peschel, S. Nolte, E. B. Kley, F. Lederer, and A. Tunnermann, "Self-guiding of infrared and visible light in photonic crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. B 81313 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Notomi, M.

M. Notomi, "Theory of light propagation in strongly modulated photonic crystals: refractionlike behaviour in the vicinity of the photonic band gap," Phys. Rev. B 62, 10696 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Park, H. G.

H. Y. Ryu, H. G. Park, and Y. H. Lee, "Two-dimensional photonic crystal semiconductor lasers: computational design, fabrication, and characterization," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 891 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pertsch, T.

Peschel, U.

M. Augustin, R. Iliew, C. Etrich, D. Schelle, H. J. Fuchs, U. Peschel, S. Nolte, E. B. Kley, F. Lederer, and A. Tunnermann, "Self-guiding of infrared and visible light in photonic crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. B 81313 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Petrich, G. S.

P. T. Rakich, M. S. Dahlem, S. Tandon, M. Ibanescu, M. Soljacic, G. S. Petrich, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. A. Kolodziejski, and E. P. Ippen, " Achieving centimetre-scale supercollimation in a large-area two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nat. Mater 5, 93 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Prather, D. W.

D. W. Prather, S. Shi, J. Murakowski, G. J. Schneider, A. Sharkawy, C. Chen, B. Miao, and R. Martin, " Self-collimation in photonic crystal structures: a new paradigm for applications and device development," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 40, 2635 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, M.

A. Berrier, M. Mulot, M. Swillo, M. Qiu, L. Thylen, A. Talneau, and S. Anhand, "Negative refraction at infrared wavelength in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 073902 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rakich, P. T.

P. T. Rakich, M. S. Dahlem, S. Tandon, M. Ibanescu, M. Soljacic, G. S. Petrich, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. A. Kolodziejski, and E. P. Ippen, " Achieving centimetre-scale supercollimation in a large-area two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nat. Mater 5, 93 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ryu, H. Y.

H. Y. Ryu, H. G. Park, and Y. H. Lee, "Two-dimensional photonic crystal semiconductor lasers: computational design, fabrication, and characterization," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 891 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sandoghdar, V.

P. Kramper, M. Agio, C. M. Soukoulis, A. Birner, F. Müller, R. B. Wehrspohn, U. Gösele, and V. Sandoghdar, "Highly directional emission from photonic crystal waveguides of subwavelength width," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 113903 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schelle, D.

M. Augustin, R. Iliew, C. Etrich, D. Schelle, H. J. Fuchs, U. Peschel, S. Nolte, E. B. Kley, F. Lederer, and A. Tunnermann, "Self-guiding of infrared and visible light in photonic crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. B 81313 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, A.

J. Witzens, M. Loncar, and A. Scherer, "Self-collimation in planar photonic crystals," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8,1246 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schneider, G. J.

D. W. Prather, S. Shi, J. Murakowski, G. J. Schneider, A. Sharkawy, C. Chen, B. Miao, and R. Martin, " Self-collimation in photonic crystal structures: a new paradigm for applications and device development," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 40, 2635 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shahabadi, M.

M. Shahabadi, S. Atakaramians, and N. Hojjat, "Transmission line formulation for the full-wave analysis of two-dimensional dielectric photonic crystals," IEEE Proc. Sci. Meas. Tech. 151, 327 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sharkawy, A.

D. W. Prather, S. Shi, J. Murakowski, G. J. Schneider, A. Sharkawy, C. Chen, B. Miao, and R. Martin, " Self-collimation in photonic crystal structures: a new paradigm for applications and device development," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 40, 2635 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shi, S.

D. W. Prather, S. Shi, J. Murakowski, G. J. Schneider, A. Sharkawy, C. Chen, B. Miao, and R. Martin, " Self-collimation in photonic crystal structures: a new paradigm for applications and device development," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 40, 2635 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. A.

R. D. Meade, A. Devenyi, J. D. Joannopoulos, O. L. Alerhand, D. A. Smith, and K. Kash, ????Novel applications of photonic bandgap materials: Low-loss bends and high-Q cavities,???? Appl. Phys. 75, 4753 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Soljacic, M.

P. T. Rakich, M. S. Dahlem, S. Tandon, M. Ibanescu, M. Soljacic, G. S. Petrich, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. A. Kolodziejski, and E. P. Ippen, " Achieving centimetre-scale supercollimation in a large-area two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nat. Mater 5, 93 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Soukoulis, C. M.

P. Kramper, M. Agio, C. M. Soukoulis, A. Birner, F. Müller, R. B. Wehrspohn, U. Gösele, and V. Sandoghdar, "Highly directional emission from photonic crystal waveguides of subwavelength width," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 113903 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Summers, C. J.

T. Yamashita and C. J. Summers, "Evaluation of self-collimated beams in photonic crystals for optical interconnect," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 23, 1341 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Swillo, M.

A. Berrier, M. Mulot, M. Swillo, M. Qiu, L. Thylen, A. Talneau, and S. Anhand, "Negative refraction at infrared wavelength in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 073902 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Talneau, A.

A. Berrier, M. Mulot, M. Swillo, M. Qiu, L. Thylen, A. Talneau, and S. Anhand, "Negative refraction at infrared wavelength in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 073902 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, T.

M. Imdada, S. Noda, A. Chutinan, M. Mochizuk, and T. Tanaka, "Channel drop filter using a single defect in a 2-D photonic crystal slab waveguide," J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 873 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tandon, S.

P. T. Rakich, M. S. Dahlem, S. Tandon, M. Ibanescu, M. Soljacic, G. S. Petrich, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. A. Kolodziejski, and E. P. Ippen, " Achieving centimetre-scale supercollimation in a large-area two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nat. Mater 5, 93 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tang, D.

D. Tang, L. Chen, and W. Ding, "Efficient beaming from photonic crystal waveguides via self-collimation effect," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 131120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Thylen, L.

A. Berrier, M. Mulot, M. Swillo, M. Qiu, L. Thylen, A. Talneau, and S. Anhand, "Negative refraction at infrared wavelength in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 073902 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tunnermann, A.

M. Augustin, R. Iliew, C. Etrich, D. Schelle, H. J. Fuchs, U. Peschel, S. Nolte, E. B. Kley, F. Lederer, and A. Tunnermann, "Self-guiding of infrared and visible light in photonic crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. B 81313 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

Villeneuve, P. R.

S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs," J. Phys. Rev. B 60, 5751 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wehrspohn, R. B.

P. Kramper, M. Agio, C. M. Soukoulis, A. Birner, F. Müller, R. B. Wehrspohn, U. Gösele, and V. Sandoghdar, "Highly directional emission from photonic crystal waveguides of subwavelength width," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 113903 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Witzens, J.

J. Witzens, M. Loncar, and A. Scherer, "Self-collimation in planar photonic crystals," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8,1246 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wu, L.

Yamashita, T.

T. Yamashita and C. J. Summers, "Evaluation of self-collimated beams in photonic crystals for optical interconnect," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 23, 1341 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Ya.

Zhang, Yu.

Appl. Phys. (1)

R. D. Meade, A. Devenyi, J. D. Joannopoulos, O. L. Alerhand, D. A. Smith, and K. Kash, ????Novel applications of photonic bandgap materials: Low-loss bends and high-Q cavities,???? Appl. Phys. 75, 4753 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

S. K. Morrison and Y. S. Kivshar, "Beaming effect from increased-index photonic crystal waveguides," Appl. Phys. B 81,343 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Augustin, R. Iliew, C. Etrich, D. Schelle, H. J. Fuchs, U. Peschel, S. Nolte, E. B. Kley, F. Lederer, and A. Tunnermann, "Self-guiding of infrared and visible light in photonic crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. B 81313 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

D. Tang, L. Chen, and W. Ding, "Efficient beaming from photonic crystal waveguides via self-collimation effect," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 131120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Kurt and D. S. Citrin, "Photonic crystals for biochemical sensing in the terahertz region," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 041108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Morrison and Y. S. Kivshar, "Engineering of directional emission from photonic-crystal waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 081110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

T. Yamashita and C. J. Summers, "Evaluation of self-collimated beams in photonic crystals for optical interconnect," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 23, 1341 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

J. Witzens, M. Loncar, and A. Scherer, "Self-collimation in planar photonic crystals," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8,1246 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Ryu, H. G. Park, and Y. H. Lee, "Two-dimensional photonic crystal semiconductor lasers: computational design, fabrication, and characterization," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 891 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Proc. Sci. Meas. Tech. (1)

M. Shahabadi, S. Atakaramians, and N. Hojjat, "Transmission line formulation for the full-wave analysis of two-dimensional dielectric photonic crystals," IEEE Proc. Sci. Meas. Tech. 151, 327 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

L. Wu, M. Mazilu, and T. F. Krauss, "Beam steering in planar-photonic crystals: from superprism to supercollimator," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 561 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Imdada, S. Noda, A. Chutinan, M. Mochizuk, and T. Tanaka, "Channel drop filter using a single defect in a 2-D photonic crystal slab waveguide," J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 873 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. (1)

D. W. Prather, S. Shi, J. Murakowski, G. J. Schneider, A. Sharkawy, C. Chen, B. Miao, and R. Martin, " Self-collimation in photonic crystal structures: a new paradigm for applications and device development," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 40, 2635 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Rev. B (1)

S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs," J. Phys. Rev. B 60, 5751 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Mater (1)

P. T. Rakich, M. S. Dahlem, S. Tandon, M. Ibanescu, M. Soljacic, G. S. Petrich, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. A. Kolodziejski, and E. P. Ippen, " Achieving centimetre-scale supercollimation in a large-area two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nat. Mater 5, 93 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Phys. Rev. B (2)

E. Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, and L. Martín-Moreno, "Enhanced transmission and beaming of light via photonic crystal surface modes," Phys. Rev. B 69, 121402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Notomi, "Theory of light propagation in strongly modulated photonic crystals: refractionlike behaviour in the vicinity of the photonic band gap," Phys. Rev. B 62, 10696 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

P. Kramper, M. Agio, C. M. Soukoulis, A. Birner, F. Müller, R. B. Wehrspohn, U. Gösele, and V. Sandoghdar, "Highly directional emission from photonic crystal waveguides of subwavelength width," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 113903 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Berrier, M. Mulot, M. Swillo, M. Qiu, L. Thylen, A. Talneau, and S. Anhand, "Negative refraction at infrared wavelength in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 073902 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

A. Rumberg, E. Dörner and M. Berroth, "Focusing by negative-index Effect in two-dimensional photonic crystals in a high-index-contrast material system," Proc. 36th European Microwave Conf., 784 (2006).

K. Busch, S. Lolkes, R. B. Wehrspohn, and H. Foll Trigt, in Photonic Crystals: advances in design, fabrication, and characterization, (WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, 2004).

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