Abstract

We investigate electro- and thermo-optic effects on multi-wavelength olc filters based on χ (2) nonlinear quasi-periodic photonic crystals. The multi-wavelength olc filters are composed of two building blocks A and B, in which each containing a pair of antiparallel poled domains, arranged as a Fibonacci sequence. The transmittances at filtering wavelengths can be modulated from 0 to 100 % by applying an external voltage but the filtering wavelengths are unchanged. The filtering wavelengths can be tuned by varying temperature. As temperature decreases, the filtering wavelengths increase (~-0.45 nm/°C).

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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Corrections

Chul-Sik Kee, Yeung Lak Lee, and Jongmin Lee, "Electro- and thermo-optic effects on multi-wavelength Solc filters based on χ (2) nonlinear quasi-periodic photonic crystals: Erratum," Opt. Express 17, 10773-10773 (2009)
https://www.osapublishing.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-17-13-10773

References

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  1. V. Berger, "Nonlinear Photonic Crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 4136-4139 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, "Interactions bewteen light waves in a nonlinear dielectric," Phys. Rev. 127, 1918-1939 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. A. Franken and J. F. Ward, "Optical harmonics and nonlinear phenomena," Rev. Mod Phys. 35, 23-39 (1963).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, and K. Watanabe, "First-order quasi-phase matched LiNbO3 waveguide periodically poled by applying an external field for efficient blue second-harmonic generation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 435-437 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. E. Myers, G. D. Miller, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, and W. R. Bosenberg, "Quasi-phase-matched 1.064- mu m -pumped optical parametric oscillator in bulk periodically poled LiNbO3," Opt. Lett. 20, 52-54 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. Shi, X. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. Zhu. Y. Xia, and Y. Chen, "Observation of Solc-like filter in periodically poled lithim niobate," Electron. Lett. 39, 224-225 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C.-S. Kee, D.-K. Ko, J. Lee, B.-A. Yu, W. Shin, T. J. Eom, and Y.-C. Noh, "Wavelength filtering characteristics of Solc filter based on Ti:PPLN channel waveguide," Opt. Lett. 32, 2813-2815 (2007)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. X. Chen J. Shi, Y. Chen, Y. Zhu, Y. Xia, and Y. Chen, "Electro-optic Solc-type wavelength filter in periodically poled lithium niobate," Opt. Lett. 28, 2115-2117 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. L. Chen, J. Shi, X. Chen, and Y. Xia, "Photovoltaic effect in a periodically poled lithium niobate Solc-type wavelength filter," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 121118 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Wang, J. Shi, Z. Zhou, and X. Chen, "Tunable multi-wavelength filter in periodically poled LiNbO3 by a local-temperature-control technique," Opt. Express 15, 1561-1566 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C.-S. Kee, D.-K. Ko, Y.-C. Noh, B.-A. Yu, W. Shin, T. J. Eom, and J. Lee, "Waveguide-type wavelength-tunable Solc filter in a periodically poled Ti:LiNbO3 waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1505-1507 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C.-S. Kee, D.-K. Ko, Y.-C. Noh, B.-A. Yu, W. Shin, T. J. Eom, and J. Lee, "All-optical wavelength tuning in Solc filter based on Ti:PPLN waveguide," Electron. Lett. 44, 30-32 (2008)
    [CrossRef]
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  15. S. Zhu, Y. Zhu, and N. Ming, "Quasi-Phase-Matched Third-Harmonic Generation in a Quasi-Periodic Optical Superlattice," Science 278, 843-846 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  16. C. -S. Kee, J. Lee, and Y. L. Lee, "Multiwavelength Solc filters based on ?2 nonlinear quasiperiodic photonic crystals with Fibonacci sequences," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 251110 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals, (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., USA)
  18. Y. Y. Zhu and N. B. Ming, "Second-harmonic generation in a Fibonacci optical superlattice and the dispersive effect of the refractive index," Phys. Rev. B 42, 3676-3679 (1990).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (1)

Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C.-S. Kee, D.-K. Ko, Y.-C. Noh, B.-A. Yu, W. Shin, T. J. Eom, and J. Lee, "All-optical wavelength tuning in Solc filter based on Ti:PPLN waveguide," Electron. Lett. 44, 30-32 (2008)
[CrossRef]

2007 (4)

C. -S. Kee, J. Lee, and Y. L. Lee, "Multiwavelength Solc filters based on ?2 nonlinear quasiperiodic photonic crystals with Fibonacci sequences," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 251110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C.-S. Kee, D.-K. Ko, Y.-C. Noh, B.-A. Yu, W. Shin, T. J. Eom, and J. Lee, "Waveguide-type wavelength-tunable Solc filter in a periodically poled Ti:LiNbO3 waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1505-1507 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. Shi, Z. Zhou, and X. Chen, "Tunable multi-wavelength filter in periodically poled LiNbO3 by a local-temperature-control technique," Opt. Express 15, 1561-1566 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C.-S. Kee, D.-K. Ko, J. Lee, B.-A. Yu, W. Shin, T. J. Eom, and Y.-C. Noh, "Wavelength filtering characteristics of Solc filter based on Ti:PPLN channel waveguide," Opt. Lett. 32, 2813-2815 (2007)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

L. Chen, J. Shi, X. Chen, and Y. Xia, "Photovoltaic effect in a periodically poled lithium niobate Solc-type wavelength filter," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 121118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

J. Shi, X. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. Zhu. Y. Xia, and Y. Chen, "Observation of Solc-like filter in periodically poled lithim niobate," Electron. Lett. 39, 224-225 (2003).
[CrossRef]

X. Chen J. Shi, Y. Chen, Y. Zhu, Y. Xia, and Y. Chen, "Electro-optic Solc-type wavelength filter in periodically poled lithium niobate," Opt. Lett. 28, 2115-2117 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

V. Berger, "Nonlinear Photonic Crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 4136-4139 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

S. Zhu, Y. Zhu, and N. Ming, "Quasi-Phase-Matched Third-Harmonic Generation in a Quasi-Periodic Optical Superlattice," Science 278, 843-846 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1993 (1)

M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, and K. Watanabe, "First-order quasi-phase matched LiNbO3 waveguide periodically poled by applying an external field for efficient blue second-harmonic generation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 435-437 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

Y. Y. Zhu and N. B. Ming, "Second-harmonic generation in a Fibonacci optical superlattice and the dispersive effect of the refractive index," Phys. Rev. B 42, 3676-3679 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1963 (1)

P. A. Franken and J. F. Ward, "Optical harmonics and nonlinear phenomena," Rev. Mod Phys. 35, 23-39 (1963).
[CrossRef]

1962 (1)

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, "Interactions bewteen light waves in a nonlinear dielectric," Phys. Rev. 127, 1918-1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Armstrong, J. A.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, "Interactions bewteen light waves in a nonlinear dielectric," Phys. Rev. 127, 1918-1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Berger, V.

V. Berger, "Nonlinear Photonic Crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 4136-4139 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bloembergen, N.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, "Interactions bewteen light waves in a nonlinear dielectric," Phys. Rev. 127, 1918-1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Bosenberg, W. R.

Byer, R. L.

Chen, L.

L. Chen, J. Shi, X. Chen, and Y. Xia, "Photovoltaic effect in a periodically poled lithium niobate Solc-type wavelength filter," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 121118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X.

J. Wang, J. Shi, Z. Zhou, and X. Chen, "Tunable multi-wavelength filter in periodically poled LiNbO3 by a local-temperature-control technique," Opt. Express 15, 1561-1566 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Chen, J. Shi, X. Chen, and Y. Xia, "Photovoltaic effect in a periodically poled lithium niobate Solc-type wavelength filter," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 121118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Shi, X. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. Zhu. Y. Xia, and Y. Chen, "Observation of Solc-like filter in periodically poled lithim niobate," Electron. Lett. 39, 224-225 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

J. Shi, X. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. Zhu. Y. Xia, and Y. Chen, "Observation of Solc-like filter in periodically poled lithim niobate," Electron. Lett. 39, 224-225 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ducuing, J.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, "Interactions bewteen light waves in a nonlinear dielectric," Phys. Rev. 127, 1918-1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Eckardt, R. C.

Eom, T. J.

Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C.-S. Kee, D.-K. Ko, Y.-C. Noh, B.-A. Yu, W. Shin, T. J. Eom, and J. Lee, "All-optical wavelength tuning in Solc filter based on Ti:PPLN waveguide," Electron. Lett. 44, 30-32 (2008)
[CrossRef]

Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C.-S. Kee, D.-K. Ko, Y.-C. Noh, B.-A. Yu, W. Shin, T. J. Eom, and J. Lee, "Waveguide-type wavelength-tunable Solc filter in a periodically poled Ti:LiNbO3 waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1505-1507 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C.-S. Kee, D.-K. Ko, J. Lee, B.-A. Yu, W. Shin, T. J. Eom, and Y.-C. Noh, "Wavelength filtering characteristics of Solc filter based on Ti:PPLN channel waveguide," Opt. Lett. 32, 2813-2815 (2007)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fejer, M. M.

Franken, P. A.

P. A. Franken and J. F. Ward, "Optical harmonics and nonlinear phenomena," Rev. Mod Phys. 35, 23-39 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Kee, C. -S.

C. -S. Kee, J. Lee, and Y. L. Lee, "Multiwavelength Solc filters based on ?2 nonlinear quasiperiodic photonic crystals with Fibonacci sequences," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 251110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kee, C.-S.

Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C.-S. Kee, D.-K. Ko, Y.-C. Noh, B.-A. Yu, W. Shin, T. J. Eom, and J. Lee, "All-optical wavelength tuning in Solc filter based on Ti:PPLN waveguide," Electron. Lett. 44, 30-32 (2008)
[CrossRef]

Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C.-S. Kee, D.-K. Ko, J. Lee, B.-A. Yu, W. Shin, T. J. Eom, and Y.-C. Noh, "Wavelength filtering characteristics of Solc filter based on Ti:PPLN channel waveguide," Opt. Lett. 32, 2813-2815 (2007)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C.-S. Kee, D.-K. Ko, Y.-C. Noh, B.-A. Yu, W. Shin, T. J. Eom, and J. Lee, "Waveguide-type wavelength-tunable Solc filter in a periodically poled Ti:LiNbO3 waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1505-1507 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ko, D.-K.

Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C.-S. Kee, D.-K. Ko, Y.-C. Noh, B.-A. Yu, W. Shin, T. J. Eom, and J. Lee, "All-optical wavelength tuning in Solc filter based on Ti:PPLN waveguide," Electron. Lett. 44, 30-32 (2008)
[CrossRef]

Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C.-S. Kee, D.-K. Ko, Y.-C. Noh, B.-A. Yu, W. Shin, T. J. Eom, and J. Lee, "Waveguide-type wavelength-tunable Solc filter in a periodically poled Ti:LiNbO3 waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1505-1507 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C.-S. Kee, D.-K. Ko, J. Lee, B.-A. Yu, W. Shin, T. J. Eom, and Y.-C. Noh, "Wavelength filtering characteristics of Solc filter based on Ti:PPLN channel waveguide," Opt. Lett. 32, 2813-2815 (2007)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, J.

Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C.-S. Kee, D.-K. Ko, Y.-C. Noh, B.-A. Yu, W. Shin, T. J. Eom, and J. Lee, "All-optical wavelength tuning in Solc filter based on Ti:PPLN waveguide," Electron. Lett. 44, 30-32 (2008)
[CrossRef]

C. -S. Kee, J. Lee, and Y. L. Lee, "Multiwavelength Solc filters based on ?2 nonlinear quasiperiodic photonic crystals with Fibonacci sequences," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 251110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C.-S. Kee, D.-K. Ko, J. Lee, B.-A. Yu, W. Shin, T. J. Eom, and Y.-C. Noh, "Wavelength filtering characteristics of Solc filter based on Ti:PPLN channel waveguide," Opt. Lett. 32, 2813-2815 (2007)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C.-S. Kee, D.-K. Ko, Y.-C. Noh, B.-A. Yu, W. Shin, T. J. Eom, and J. Lee, "Waveguide-type wavelength-tunable Solc filter in a periodically poled Ti:LiNbO3 waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1505-1507 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. L.

Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C.-S. Kee, D.-K. Ko, Y.-C. Noh, B.-A. Yu, W. Shin, T. J. Eom, and J. Lee, "All-optical wavelength tuning in Solc filter based on Ti:PPLN waveguide," Electron. Lett. 44, 30-32 (2008)
[CrossRef]

C. -S. Kee, J. Lee, and Y. L. Lee, "Multiwavelength Solc filters based on ?2 nonlinear quasiperiodic photonic crystals with Fibonacci sequences," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 251110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C.-S. Kee, D.-K. Ko, Y.-C. Noh, B.-A. Yu, W. Shin, T. J. Eom, and J. Lee, "Waveguide-type wavelength-tunable Solc filter in a periodically poled Ti:LiNbO3 waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1505-1507 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C.-S. Kee, D.-K. Ko, J. Lee, B.-A. Yu, W. Shin, T. J. Eom, and Y.-C. Noh, "Wavelength filtering characteristics of Solc filter based on Ti:PPLN channel waveguide," Opt. Lett. 32, 2813-2815 (2007)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miller, G. D.

Ming, N.

S. Zhu, Y. Zhu, and N. Ming, "Quasi-Phase-Matched Third-Harmonic Generation in a Quasi-Periodic Optical Superlattice," Science 278, 843-846 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ming, N. B.

Y. Y. Zhu and N. B. Ming, "Second-harmonic generation in a Fibonacci optical superlattice and the dispersive effect of the refractive index," Phys. Rev. B 42, 3676-3679 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Myers, L. E.

Nada, N.

M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, and K. Watanabe, "First-order quasi-phase matched LiNbO3 waveguide periodically poled by applying an external field for efficient blue second-harmonic generation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 435-437 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Noh, Y.-C.

Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C.-S. Kee, D.-K. Ko, Y.-C. Noh, B.-A. Yu, W. Shin, T. J. Eom, and J. Lee, "All-optical wavelength tuning in Solc filter based on Ti:PPLN waveguide," Electron. Lett. 44, 30-32 (2008)
[CrossRef]

Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C.-S. Kee, D.-K. Ko, J. Lee, B.-A. Yu, W. Shin, T. J. Eom, and Y.-C. Noh, "Wavelength filtering characteristics of Solc filter based on Ti:PPLN channel waveguide," Opt. Lett. 32, 2813-2815 (2007)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C.-S. Kee, D.-K. Ko, Y.-C. Noh, B.-A. Yu, W. Shin, T. J. Eom, and J. Lee, "Waveguide-type wavelength-tunable Solc filter in a periodically poled Ti:LiNbO3 waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1505-1507 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pershan, P. S.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, "Interactions bewteen light waves in a nonlinear dielectric," Phys. Rev. 127, 1918-1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Saitoh, M.

M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, and K. Watanabe, "First-order quasi-phase matched LiNbO3 waveguide periodically poled by applying an external field for efficient blue second-harmonic generation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 435-437 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Shi, J.

J. Wang, J. Shi, Z. Zhou, and X. Chen, "Tunable multi-wavelength filter in periodically poled LiNbO3 by a local-temperature-control technique," Opt. Express 15, 1561-1566 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Chen, J. Shi, X. Chen, and Y. Xia, "Photovoltaic effect in a periodically poled lithium niobate Solc-type wavelength filter," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 121118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Shi, X. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. Zhu. Y. Xia, and Y. Chen, "Observation of Solc-like filter in periodically poled lithim niobate," Electron. Lett. 39, 224-225 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shin, W.

Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C.-S. Kee, D.-K. Ko, Y.-C. Noh, B.-A. Yu, W. Shin, T. J. Eom, and J. Lee, "All-optical wavelength tuning in Solc filter based on Ti:PPLN waveguide," Electron. Lett. 44, 30-32 (2008)
[CrossRef]

Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C.-S. Kee, D.-K. Ko, Y.-C. Noh, B.-A. Yu, W. Shin, T. J. Eom, and J. Lee, "Waveguide-type wavelength-tunable Solc filter in a periodically poled Ti:LiNbO3 waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1505-1507 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C.-S. Kee, D.-K. Ko, J. Lee, B.-A. Yu, W. Shin, T. J. Eom, and Y.-C. Noh, "Wavelength filtering characteristics of Solc filter based on Ti:PPLN channel waveguide," Opt. Lett. 32, 2813-2815 (2007)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, J.

Ward, J. F.

P. A. Franken and J. F. Ward, "Optical harmonics and nonlinear phenomena," Rev. Mod Phys. 35, 23-39 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, K.

M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, and K. Watanabe, "First-order quasi-phase matched LiNbO3 waveguide periodically poled by applying an external field for efficient blue second-harmonic generation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 435-437 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Xia, Y.

L. Chen, J. Shi, X. Chen, and Y. Xia, "Photovoltaic effect in a periodically poled lithium niobate Solc-type wavelength filter," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 121118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, M.

M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, and K. Watanabe, "First-order quasi-phase matched LiNbO3 waveguide periodically poled by applying an external field for efficient blue second-harmonic generation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 435-437 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yu, B.-A.

Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C.-S. Kee, D.-K. Ko, Y.-C. Noh, B.-A. Yu, W. Shin, T. J. Eom, and J. Lee, "All-optical wavelength tuning in Solc filter based on Ti:PPLN waveguide," Electron. Lett. 44, 30-32 (2008)
[CrossRef]

Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C.-S. Kee, D.-K. Ko, Y.-C. Noh, B.-A. Yu, W. Shin, T. J. Eom, and J. Lee, "Waveguide-type wavelength-tunable Solc filter in a periodically poled Ti:LiNbO3 waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1505-1507 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C.-S. Kee, D.-K. Ko, J. Lee, B.-A. Yu, W. Shin, T. J. Eom, and Y.-C. Noh, "Wavelength filtering characteristics of Solc filter based on Ti:PPLN channel waveguide," Opt. Lett. 32, 2813-2815 (2007)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, N. E.

Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C.-S. Kee, D.-K. Ko, Y.-C. Noh, B.-A. Yu, W. Shin, T. J. Eom, and J. Lee, "All-optical wavelength tuning in Solc filter based on Ti:PPLN waveguide," Electron. Lett. 44, 30-32 (2008)
[CrossRef]

Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C.-S. Kee, D.-K. Ko, J. Lee, B.-A. Yu, W. Shin, T. J. Eom, and Y.-C. Noh, "Wavelength filtering characteristics of Solc filter based on Ti:PPLN channel waveguide," Opt. Lett. 32, 2813-2815 (2007)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C.-S. Kee, D.-K. Ko, Y.-C. Noh, B.-A. Yu, W. Shin, T. J. Eom, and J. Lee, "Waveguide-type wavelength-tunable Solc filter in a periodically poled Ti:LiNbO3 waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1505-1507 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Z.

Zhu, S.

S. Zhu, Y. Zhu, and N. Ming, "Quasi-Phase-Matched Third-Harmonic Generation in a Quasi-Periodic Optical Superlattice," Science 278, 843-846 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y.

J. Shi, X. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. Zhu. Y. Xia, and Y. Chen, "Observation of Solc-like filter in periodically poled lithim niobate," Electron. Lett. 39, 224-225 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhu, Y. Zhu, and N. Ming, "Quasi-Phase-Matched Third-Harmonic Generation in a Quasi-Periodic Optical Superlattice," Science 278, 843-846 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y. Y.

Y. Y. Zhu and N. B. Ming, "Second-harmonic generation in a Fibonacci optical superlattice and the dispersive effect of the refractive index," Phys. Rev. B 42, 3676-3679 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, and K. Watanabe, "First-order quasi-phase matched LiNbO3 waveguide periodically poled by applying an external field for efficient blue second-harmonic generation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 435-437 (1993).
[CrossRef]

L. Chen, J. Shi, X. Chen, and Y. Xia, "Photovoltaic effect in a periodically poled lithium niobate Solc-type wavelength filter," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 121118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. -S. Kee, J. Lee, and Y. L. Lee, "Multiwavelength Solc filters based on ?2 nonlinear quasiperiodic photonic crystals with Fibonacci sequences," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 251110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of experimental set-up for a quasi-periodic multi-wavelength olc filter that is placed between two crossed polarizers. The external dc-field is applied along the Y direction.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Transmission spectrum of the QPLN olc filter in the range of wavelength from 900 to 1700 nm. The filter consists of 1000 building blocks of A and B, which are arranged as a Fibonacci sequence. l A=24µm, l A2=11µm, l B=17:5µm, and l B2=11µm. The insets denote the quasi-periodic indices corresponding to the filtering wavelengths, λ 1,1=1572.1 nm, λ 0,2=1297.7 nm, λ 2,1=1173.2 nm, λ 1,2=1018.5 nm, and λ 3,0=1398.9 nm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Transmission spectra around λ 1,2 when V ex=0.0 (black line), 1.5 (red line), and 2.5 kV (blue line). The filtering intensity is modulated by V ex but the filtering wavelength is unchanged.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Dependence of the transmittances at the filtering wavelengths on V ex that changes from -1.32 to 3.3 kV. The insets denote the filtering wavelengths and the quasi-periodic indices corresponding to the wavelengths

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Dependence of the transmission spectra around λ 1,2 (a) and λ 1,1 (b) on T that changes from 20 to 24 °C, T=24 (black line), 23 (red line), 22 (green line), and 21 °C (blue line). The filtering wavelengths shift to long wavelength as T decreases.

Equations (6)

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θ γ 51 E ( 1 n e 2 ) ( 1 n o 2 ) ,
D 1,1 = ( cos Γ 2 ι cos 2 Ω sin Γ 2 ) 2 + sin 2 2 Ω sin 2 Γ 2
D 1 , 2 = sin 4 Ω sin 2 Γ 2
D 2,1 = D 1,2
D 2,2 = ( cos Γ 2 ι cos 2 Ω sin Γ 2 ) 2 + sin 2 2 Ω sin 2 Γ 2
λ p , q = ( n e n o ) Λ p , q for m = 1 ,

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