Abstract

We report the experimental generation of polarization entangled photon pairs based on spontaneous four-wave mixing in a silicon waveguide. Using a nano-scale silicon wire waveguide placed in a fiber loop, we obtained 1.5-µm band polarization entanglement with two-photon interference visibilities of >83%.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  2. P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, and G. J. Milburn, “Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits” Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  3. A. Yoshizawa, R. Kaji, and H. Tsuchida, “Generation of polarization-entangled photon pairs at 1550 nm using two PPLN wavetguides,” Electron. Lett. 39, 621 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  4. H. Takesue, K. Inoue, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, and M. Asobe, “Generation of pulsed polarization-entangled photon pairs in a 1.55-µm band with a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide and an orthogonal polarization delay circuit,” Opt. Lett. 30, 293 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. M. Halder, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, V. Scarani, C. Simon, and H. Zbinden, “Entangling independent photons by time measurement,” Nat. Phys. 3, 692 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  6. X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, “Optical fiber-source of polarization-entangled photons in the 1550 nm telecom band,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053601 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. H. Takesue and K. Inoue, “Generation of polarization entangled photon pairs and violation of Bell’s inequality using spontaneous four-wave mixing in fiber loop,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 031802(R) (2004).
    [Crossref]
  8. T. G. Noh, H. Kim, T. Zyung, and J. Kim, “Efficient source of high purity polarization-entangled photon pairs in the 1550 nm telecommunication band,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 011116 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  9. H. Takesue, “1.5-µm band Hong-Ou-Mandel experiment using photon pairs generated in two independent dispersion shifted fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 204101 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  10. E. Waks, A. Zeevi, and Y. Yamamoto, “Security of quantum key distribution with entangled photons against individual attacks,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 052310 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  11. D. Collins, N. Gisin, and H. de Riedmatten, “Quantum relays for long distance quantum cryptography,” J. Mod. Opt. 52, 735 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  12. K. Inoue and K. Shimizu, “Generation of quantum-correlated photon pairs in optical fiber: influence of spontaneous Raman scattering,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 8048–8052 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  13. H. Takesue and K. Inoue, “1.5-µm band quantum-correlated photon pair generation in dispersion-shifted fiber: suppression of noise photons by cooling fiber,” Opt. Express 13, 7832–7839 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. Q. Lin and G. P. Agrawal, “Silicon waveguides for creating quantum-correlated photon pairs,” Opt. Lett. 31, 3140 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. J. Sharping, K. F. Lee, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and P. Kumar, “Generation of correlated photons in nanoscale silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express 14, 12388 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. R. Claps, D. Dimitropoulos, Y. Han, and B. Jalali, “Observation of Raman emission in silicon waveguides at 1.54 µm,” Opt. Express 10, 1305 (2002).
    [PubMed]
  17. H. Takesue, Y. Tokura, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, and S. Itabashi, “Entanglement generation using silicon wire waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201108 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  18. J. Brendel, N. Gisin, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Pulsed energy-time entangled twin-photon source for quantum communication,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2594–2597 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  19. D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental quantum teleportation,” Nature 390, 575 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  20. J. W. Pan, D. Bouwmeester, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental entanglement swapping: entangling photons that never interacted,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3891 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  21. T. Yamamoto, M. Koashi, S. K. Ozdemir, and N. Imoto, “Experimental extraction of an entangled photon pair from two identically decohered pairs,” Nature 421, 343 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. J. W. Pan, S. Gasparoni, R. Ursin, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental entanglement purification of arbitrary unknown states,” Nature 423, 41–7, (2003).
    [Crossref]
  23. X. Li, C. Liang, K. F. Lee, J. Chen, P. L. Voss, and P. Kumar, “Integrable optical-fiber source of polarizationentangled photon pairs in the telecom band,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 052301 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  24. J. Fulconis, O. Alibart, J. L. O’Brien, W. J. Wadsworth, and J. G. Rarity, “Nonclassical interference and entanglement generation using a photonic crystal fiber pair photon source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 120501 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. J. Fan, M. D. Eisaman, and A. Migdall, “Bright phase-stable broadband fiber-based source of polarizationentangled photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 043836 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  26. T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonics devices based on silicon microfabrication technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  27. H. Fukuda, K. Yamada, T. Shoji, M. Takahashi, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, and S. Itabashi, “Four-wave mixing in silicon wire waveguides,” Opt. Express 13, 4629 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. H. de Riedmatten, V. Scarani, I. Marcikic, A. Acin, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Two independent photon pairs versus four-photon entangled states in parametric down conversion,” J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1637 (2004).
  29. K. F. Lee, P. Kumar, J. E. Sharping, M. A. Foster, A. L. Gaeta, A. C. Turner, and M. Lipson, “Telecom-band entanglement generation for chipscale quantum processing,” arXiv:0801.2606 (quant-ph) 17 January, 2008.
  30. J. F. Clauser, M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and R. A. Holt, “Proposed experiment to test local hidden-variable theories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 880 (1969).
    [Crossref]
  31. D. F. V. James, P. G. Kwiat, W. J. Munro, and A. G. White, “Measurement of qubits,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 052312 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  32. G. N. Gol’tsman, O. Okunev, G. Chulkova, A. Lipatov, A. Semenov, K. Sminov, B. Voronov, A. Dzadanov, C. Williams, and R. Sobolewski, “Picosecond superconducting single-photon optical detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 705 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  33. A. J. Miller, S. W. Nam, J. M. Martinis, and A. V. Sergienko, “Demonstration of a low-noise near-infrared photon counter with multiphoton discrimination,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 791 (2003).
    [Crossref]

2007 (8)

M. Halder, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, V. Scarani, C. Simon, and H. Zbinden, “Entangling independent photons by time measurement,” Nat. Phys. 3, 692 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. G. Noh, H. Kim, T. Zyung, and J. Kim, “Efficient source of high purity polarization-entangled photon pairs in the 1550 nm telecommunication band,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 011116 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. Takesue, “1.5-µm band Hong-Ou-Mandel experiment using photon pairs generated in two independent dispersion shifted fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 204101 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. Takesue, Y. Tokura, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, and S. Itabashi, “Entanglement generation using silicon wire waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201108 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental quantum teleportation,” Nature 390, 575 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Fulconis, O. Alibart, J. L. O’Brien, W. J. Wadsworth, and J. G. Rarity, “Nonclassical interference and entanglement generation using a photonic crystal fiber pair photon source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 120501 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Fan, M. D. Eisaman, and A. Migdall, “Bright phase-stable broadband fiber-based source of polarizationentangled photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 043836 (2007).
[Crossref]

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, and G. J. Milburn, “Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits” Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (3)

2005 (6)

H. Takesue, K. Inoue, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, and M. Asobe, “Generation of pulsed polarization-entangled photon pairs in a 1.55-µm band with a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide and an orthogonal polarization delay circuit,” Opt. Lett. 30, 293 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Fukuda, K. Yamada, T. Shoji, M. Takahashi, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, and S. Itabashi, “Four-wave mixing in silicon wire waveguides,” Opt. Express 13, 4629 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Takesue and K. Inoue, “1.5-µm band quantum-correlated photon pair generation in dispersion-shifted fiber: suppression of noise photons by cooling fiber,” Opt. Express 13, 7832–7839 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonics devices based on silicon microfabrication technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
[Crossref]

D. Collins, N. Gisin, and H. de Riedmatten, “Quantum relays for long distance quantum cryptography,” J. Mod. Opt. 52, 735 (2005).
[Crossref]

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, “Optical fiber-source of polarization-entangled photons in the 1550 nm telecom band,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053601 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (3)

H. Takesue and K. Inoue, “Generation of polarization entangled photon pairs and violation of Bell’s inequality using spontaneous four-wave mixing in fiber loop,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 031802(R) (2004).
[Crossref]

K. Inoue and K. Shimizu, “Generation of quantum-correlated photon pairs in optical fiber: influence of spontaneous Raman scattering,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 8048–8052 (2004).
[Crossref]

H. de Riedmatten, V. Scarani, I. Marcikic, A. Acin, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Two independent photon pairs versus four-photon entangled states in parametric down conversion,” J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1637 (2004).

2003 (4)

A. Yoshizawa, R. Kaji, and H. Tsuchida, “Generation of polarization-entangled photon pairs at 1550 nm using two PPLN wavetguides,” Electron. Lett. 39, 621 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. J. Miller, S. W. Nam, J. M. Martinis, and A. V. Sergienko, “Demonstration of a low-noise near-infrared photon counter with multiphoton discrimination,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 791 (2003).
[Crossref]

T. Yamamoto, M. Koashi, S. K. Ozdemir, and N. Imoto, “Experimental extraction of an entangled photon pair from two identically decohered pairs,” Nature 421, 343 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. W. Pan, S. Gasparoni, R. Ursin, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental entanglement purification of arbitrary unknown states,” Nature 423, 41–7, (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (3)

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[Crossref]

E. Waks, A. Zeevi, and Y. Yamamoto, “Security of quantum key distribution with entangled photons against individual attacks,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 052310 (2002).
[Crossref]

R. Claps, D. Dimitropoulos, Y. Han, and B. Jalali, “Observation of Raman emission in silicon waveguides at 1.54 µm,” Opt. Express 10, 1305 (2002).
[PubMed]

2001 (2)

D. F. V. James, P. G. Kwiat, W. J. Munro, and A. G. White, “Measurement of qubits,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 052312 (2001).
[Crossref]

G. N. Gol’tsman, O. Okunev, G. Chulkova, A. Lipatov, A. Semenov, K. Sminov, B. Voronov, A. Dzadanov, C. Williams, and R. Sobolewski, “Picosecond superconducting single-photon optical detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 705 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

J. Brendel, N. Gisin, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Pulsed energy-time entangled twin-photon source for quantum communication,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2594–2597 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

J. W. Pan, D. Bouwmeester, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental entanglement swapping: entangling photons that never interacted,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3891 (1998).
[Crossref]

1969 (1)

J. F. Clauser, M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and R. A. Holt, “Proposed experiment to test local hidden-variable theories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 880 (1969).
[Crossref]

Acin, A.

H. de Riedmatten, V. Scarani, I. Marcikic, A. Acin, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Two independent photon pairs versus four-photon entangled states in parametric down conversion,” J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1637 (2004).

Agrawal, G. P.

Alibart, O.

J. Fulconis, O. Alibart, J. L. O’Brien, W. J. Wadsworth, and J. G. Rarity, “Nonclassical interference and entanglement generation using a photonic crystal fiber pair photon source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 120501 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Asobe, M.

Beveratos, A.

M. Halder, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, V. Scarani, C. Simon, and H. Zbinden, “Entangling independent photons by time measurement,” Nat. Phys. 3, 692 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bouwmeester, D.

D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental quantum teleportation,” Nature 390, 575 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. W. Pan, D. Bouwmeester, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental entanglement swapping: entangling photons that never interacted,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3891 (1998).
[Crossref]

Brendel, J.

J. Brendel, N. Gisin, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Pulsed energy-time entangled twin-photon source for quantum communication,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2594–2597 (1999).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

X. Li, C. Liang, K. F. Lee, J. Chen, P. L. Voss, and P. Kumar, “Integrable optical-fiber source of polarizationentangled photon pairs in the telecom band,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 052301 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chulkova, G.

G. N. Gol’tsman, O. Okunev, G. Chulkova, A. Lipatov, A. Semenov, K. Sminov, B. Voronov, A. Dzadanov, C. Williams, and R. Sobolewski, “Picosecond superconducting single-photon optical detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 705 (2001).
[Crossref]

Claps, R.

Clauser, J. F.

J. F. Clauser, M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and R. A. Holt, “Proposed experiment to test local hidden-variable theories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 880 (1969).
[Crossref]

Collins, D.

D. Collins, N. Gisin, and H. de Riedmatten, “Quantum relays for long distance quantum cryptography,” J. Mod. Opt. 52, 735 (2005).
[Crossref]

de Riedmatten, H.

D. Collins, N. Gisin, and H. de Riedmatten, “Quantum relays for long distance quantum cryptography,” J. Mod. Opt. 52, 735 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. de Riedmatten, V. Scarani, I. Marcikic, A. Acin, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Two independent photon pairs versus four-photon entangled states in parametric down conversion,” J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1637 (2004).

Dimitropoulos, D.

Dzadanov, A.

G. N. Gol’tsman, O. Okunev, G. Chulkova, A. Lipatov, A. Semenov, K. Sminov, B. Voronov, A. Dzadanov, C. Williams, and R. Sobolewski, “Picosecond superconducting single-photon optical detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 705 (2001).
[Crossref]

Eibl, M.

D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental quantum teleportation,” Nature 390, 575 (2007).
[Crossref]

Eisaman, M. D.

J. Fan, M. D. Eisaman, and A. Migdall, “Bright phase-stable broadband fiber-based source of polarizationentangled photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 043836 (2007).
[Crossref]

Fan, J.

J. Fan, M. D. Eisaman, and A. Migdall, “Bright phase-stable broadband fiber-based source of polarizationentangled photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 043836 (2007).
[Crossref]

Foster, M. A.

J. Sharping, K. F. Lee, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and P. Kumar, “Generation of correlated photons in nanoscale silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express 14, 12388 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. F. Lee, P. Kumar, J. E. Sharping, M. A. Foster, A. L. Gaeta, A. C. Turner, and M. Lipson, “Telecom-band entanglement generation for chipscale quantum processing,” arXiv:0801.2606 (quant-ph) 17 January, 2008.

Fukuda, H.

H. Takesue, Y. Tokura, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, and S. Itabashi, “Entanglement generation using silicon wire waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201108 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonics devices based on silicon microfabrication technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Fukuda, K. Yamada, T. Shoji, M. Takahashi, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, and S. Itabashi, “Four-wave mixing in silicon wire waveguides,” Opt. Express 13, 4629 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fulconis, J.

J. Fulconis, O. Alibart, J. L. O’Brien, W. J. Wadsworth, and J. G. Rarity, “Nonclassical interference and entanglement generation using a photonic crystal fiber pair photon source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 120501 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gaeta, A. L.

J. Sharping, K. F. Lee, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and P. Kumar, “Generation of correlated photons in nanoscale silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express 14, 12388 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. F. Lee, P. Kumar, J. E. Sharping, M. A. Foster, A. L. Gaeta, A. C. Turner, and M. Lipson, “Telecom-band entanglement generation for chipscale quantum processing,” arXiv:0801.2606 (quant-ph) 17 January, 2008.

Gasparoni, S.

J. W. Pan, S. Gasparoni, R. Ursin, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental entanglement purification of arbitrary unknown states,” Nature 423, 41–7, (2003).
[Crossref]

Gisin, N.

M. Halder, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, V. Scarani, C. Simon, and H. Zbinden, “Entangling independent photons by time measurement,” Nat. Phys. 3, 692 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Collins, N. Gisin, and H. de Riedmatten, “Quantum relays for long distance quantum cryptography,” J. Mod. Opt. 52, 735 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. de Riedmatten, V. Scarani, I. Marcikic, A. Acin, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Two independent photon pairs versus four-photon entangled states in parametric down conversion,” J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1637 (2004).

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Brendel, N. Gisin, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Pulsed energy-time entangled twin-photon source for quantum communication,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2594–2597 (1999).
[Crossref]

Gol’tsman, G. N.

G. N. Gol’tsman, O. Okunev, G. Chulkova, A. Lipatov, A. Semenov, K. Sminov, B. Voronov, A. Dzadanov, C. Williams, and R. Sobolewski, “Picosecond superconducting single-photon optical detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 705 (2001).
[Crossref]

Halder, M.

M. Halder, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, V. Scarani, C. Simon, and H. Zbinden, “Entangling independent photons by time measurement,” Nat. Phys. 3, 692 (2007).
[Crossref]

Han, Y.

Holt, R. A.

J. F. Clauser, M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and R. A. Holt, “Proposed experiment to test local hidden-variable theories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 880 (1969).
[Crossref]

Horne, M. A.

J. F. Clauser, M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and R. A. Holt, “Proposed experiment to test local hidden-variable theories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 880 (1969).
[Crossref]

Imoto, N.

T. Yamamoto, M. Koashi, S. K. Ozdemir, and N. Imoto, “Experimental extraction of an entangled photon pair from two identically decohered pairs,” Nature 421, 343 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Inoue, K.

H. Takesue, K. Inoue, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, and M. Asobe, “Generation of pulsed polarization-entangled photon pairs in a 1.55-µm band with a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide and an orthogonal polarization delay circuit,” Opt. Lett. 30, 293 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Takesue and K. Inoue, “1.5-µm band quantum-correlated photon pair generation in dispersion-shifted fiber: suppression of noise photons by cooling fiber,” Opt. Express 13, 7832–7839 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Takesue and K. Inoue, “Generation of polarization entangled photon pairs and violation of Bell’s inequality using spontaneous four-wave mixing in fiber loop,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 031802(R) (2004).
[Crossref]

K. Inoue and K. Shimizu, “Generation of quantum-correlated photon pairs in optical fiber: influence of spontaneous Raman scattering,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 8048–8052 (2004).
[Crossref]

Itabashi, S.

H. Takesue, Y. Tokura, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, and S. Itabashi, “Entanglement generation using silicon wire waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201108 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonics devices based on silicon microfabrication technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Fukuda, K. Yamada, T. Shoji, M. Takahashi, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, and S. Itabashi, “Four-wave mixing in silicon wire waveguides,” Opt. Express 13, 4629 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jalali, B.

James, D. F. V.

D. F. V. James, P. G. Kwiat, W. J. Munro, and A. G. White, “Measurement of qubits,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 052312 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kaji, R.

A. Yoshizawa, R. Kaji, and H. Tsuchida, “Generation of polarization-entangled photon pairs at 1550 nm using two PPLN wavetguides,” Electron. Lett. 39, 621 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kim, H.

T. G. Noh, H. Kim, T. Zyung, and J. Kim, “Efficient source of high purity polarization-entangled photon pairs in the 1550 nm telecommunication band,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 011116 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kim, J.

T. G. Noh, H. Kim, T. Zyung, and J. Kim, “Efficient source of high purity polarization-entangled photon pairs in the 1550 nm telecommunication band,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 011116 (2007).
[Crossref]

Koashi, M.

T. Yamamoto, M. Koashi, S. K. Ozdemir, and N. Imoto, “Experimental extraction of an entangled photon pair from two identically decohered pairs,” Nature 421, 343 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kok, P.

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, and G. J. Milburn, “Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits” Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kumar, P.

X. Li, C. Liang, K. F. Lee, J. Chen, P. L. Voss, and P. Kumar, “Integrable optical-fiber source of polarizationentangled photon pairs in the telecom band,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 052301 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Sharping, K. F. Lee, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and P. Kumar, “Generation of correlated photons in nanoscale silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express 14, 12388 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, “Optical fiber-source of polarization-entangled photons in the 1550 nm telecom band,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053601 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. F. Lee, P. Kumar, J. E. Sharping, M. A. Foster, A. L. Gaeta, A. C. Turner, and M. Lipson, “Telecom-band entanglement generation for chipscale quantum processing,” arXiv:0801.2606 (quant-ph) 17 January, 2008.

Kwiat, P. G.

D. F. V. James, P. G. Kwiat, W. J. Munro, and A. G. White, “Measurement of qubits,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 052312 (2001).
[Crossref]

Lee, K. F.

X. Li, C. Liang, K. F. Lee, J. Chen, P. L. Voss, and P. Kumar, “Integrable optical-fiber source of polarizationentangled photon pairs in the telecom band,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 052301 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Sharping, K. F. Lee, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and P. Kumar, “Generation of correlated photons in nanoscale silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express 14, 12388 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. F. Lee, P. Kumar, J. E. Sharping, M. A. Foster, A. L. Gaeta, A. C. Turner, and M. Lipson, “Telecom-band entanglement generation for chipscale quantum processing,” arXiv:0801.2606 (quant-ph) 17 January, 2008.

Li, X.

X. Li, C. Liang, K. F. Lee, J. Chen, P. L. Voss, and P. Kumar, “Integrable optical-fiber source of polarizationentangled photon pairs in the telecom band,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 052301 (2006).
[Crossref]

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, “Optical fiber-source of polarization-entangled photons in the 1550 nm telecom band,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053601 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liang, C.

X. Li, C. Liang, K. F. Lee, J. Chen, P. L. Voss, and P. Kumar, “Integrable optical-fiber source of polarizationentangled photon pairs in the telecom band,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 052301 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lin, Q.

Lipatov, A.

G. N. Gol’tsman, O. Okunev, G. Chulkova, A. Lipatov, A. Semenov, K. Sminov, B. Voronov, A. Dzadanov, C. Williams, and R. Sobolewski, “Picosecond superconducting single-photon optical detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 705 (2001).
[Crossref]

Lipson, M.

J. Sharping, K. F. Lee, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and P. Kumar, “Generation of correlated photons in nanoscale silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express 14, 12388 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. F. Lee, P. Kumar, J. E. Sharping, M. A. Foster, A. L. Gaeta, A. C. Turner, and M. Lipson, “Telecom-band entanglement generation for chipscale quantum processing,” arXiv:0801.2606 (quant-ph) 17 January, 2008.

Marcikic, I.

H. de Riedmatten, V. Scarani, I. Marcikic, A. Acin, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Two independent photon pairs versus four-photon entangled states in parametric down conversion,” J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1637 (2004).

Martinis, J. M.

A. J. Miller, S. W. Nam, J. M. Martinis, and A. V. Sergienko, “Demonstration of a low-noise near-infrared photon counter with multiphoton discrimination,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 791 (2003).
[Crossref]

Mattle, K.

D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental quantum teleportation,” Nature 390, 575 (2007).
[Crossref]

Migdall, A.

J. Fan, M. D. Eisaman, and A. Migdall, “Bright phase-stable broadband fiber-based source of polarizationentangled photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 043836 (2007).
[Crossref]

Milburn, G. J.

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, and G. J. Milburn, “Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits” Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135 (2007).
[Crossref]

Miller, A. J.

A. J. Miller, S. W. Nam, J. M. Martinis, and A. V. Sergienko, “Demonstration of a low-noise near-infrared photon counter with multiphoton discrimination,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 791 (2003).
[Crossref]

Morita, H.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonics devices based on silicon microfabrication technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
[Crossref]

Munro, W. J.

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, and G. J. Milburn, “Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits” Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. F. V. James, P. G. Kwiat, W. J. Munro, and A. G. White, “Measurement of qubits,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 052312 (2001).
[Crossref]

Nam, S. W.

A. J. Miller, S. W. Nam, J. M. Martinis, and A. V. Sergienko, “Demonstration of a low-noise near-infrared photon counter with multiphoton discrimination,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 791 (2003).
[Crossref]

Nemoto, K.

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, and G. J. Milburn, “Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits” Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nishida, Y.

Noh, T. G.

T. G. Noh, H. Kim, T. Zyung, and J. Kim, “Efficient source of high purity polarization-entangled photon pairs in the 1550 nm telecommunication band,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 011116 (2007).
[Crossref]

O’Brien, J. L.

J. Fulconis, O. Alibart, J. L. O’Brien, W. J. Wadsworth, and J. G. Rarity, “Nonclassical interference and entanglement generation using a photonic crystal fiber pair photon source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 120501 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Okunev, O.

G. N. Gol’tsman, O. Okunev, G. Chulkova, A. Lipatov, A. Semenov, K. Sminov, B. Voronov, A. Dzadanov, C. Williams, and R. Sobolewski, “Picosecond superconducting single-photon optical detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 705 (2001).
[Crossref]

Ozdemir, S. K.

T. Yamamoto, M. Koashi, S. K. Ozdemir, and N. Imoto, “Experimental extraction of an entangled photon pair from two identically decohered pairs,” Nature 421, 343 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pan, J. W.

D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental quantum teleportation,” Nature 390, 575 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. W. Pan, S. Gasparoni, R. Ursin, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental entanglement purification of arbitrary unknown states,” Nature 423, 41–7, (2003).
[Crossref]

J. W. Pan, D. Bouwmeester, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental entanglement swapping: entangling photons that never interacted,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3891 (1998).
[Crossref]

Ralph, T. C.

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, and G. J. Milburn, “Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits” Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135 (2007).
[Crossref]

Rarity, J. G.

J. Fulconis, O. Alibart, J. L. O’Brien, W. J. Wadsworth, and J. G. Rarity, “Nonclassical interference and entanglement generation using a photonic crystal fiber pair photon source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 120501 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ribordy, G.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[Crossref]

Scarani, V.

M. Halder, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, V. Scarani, C. Simon, and H. Zbinden, “Entangling independent photons by time measurement,” Nat. Phys. 3, 692 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. de Riedmatten, V. Scarani, I. Marcikic, A. Acin, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Two independent photon pairs versus four-photon entangled states in parametric down conversion,” J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1637 (2004).

Schmidt, B. S.

Semenov, A.

G. N. Gol’tsman, O. Okunev, G. Chulkova, A. Lipatov, A. Semenov, K. Sminov, B. Voronov, A. Dzadanov, C. Williams, and R. Sobolewski, “Picosecond superconducting single-photon optical detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 705 (2001).
[Crossref]

Sergienko, A. V.

A. J. Miller, S. W. Nam, J. M. Martinis, and A. V. Sergienko, “Demonstration of a low-noise near-infrared photon counter with multiphoton discrimination,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 791 (2003).
[Crossref]

Sharping, J.

Sharping, J. E.

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, “Optical fiber-source of polarization-entangled photons in the 1550 nm telecom band,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053601 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. F. Lee, P. Kumar, J. E. Sharping, M. A. Foster, A. L. Gaeta, A. C. Turner, and M. Lipson, “Telecom-band entanglement generation for chipscale quantum processing,” arXiv:0801.2606 (quant-ph) 17 January, 2008.

Shimizu, K.

K. Inoue and K. Shimizu, “Generation of quantum-correlated photon pairs in optical fiber: influence of spontaneous Raman scattering,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 8048–8052 (2004).
[Crossref]

Shimony, A.

J. F. Clauser, M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and R. A. Holt, “Proposed experiment to test local hidden-variable theories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 880 (1969).
[Crossref]

Shoji, T.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonics devices based on silicon microfabrication technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Fukuda, K. Yamada, T. Shoji, M. Takahashi, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, and S. Itabashi, “Four-wave mixing in silicon wire waveguides,” Opt. Express 13, 4629 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Simon, C.

M. Halder, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, V. Scarani, C. Simon, and H. Zbinden, “Entangling independent photons by time measurement,” Nat. Phys. 3, 692 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sminov, K.

G. N. Gol’tsman, O. Okunev, G. Chulkova, A. Lipatov, A. Semenov, K. Sminov, B. Voronov, A. Dzadanov, C. Williams, and R. Sobolewski, “Picosecond superconducting single-photon optical detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 705 (2001).
[Crossref]

Sobolewski, R.

G. N. Gol’tsman, O. Okunev, G. Chulkova, A. Lipatov, A. Semenov, K. Sminov, B. Voronov, A. Dzadanov, C. Williams, and R. Sobolewski, “Picosecond superconducting single-photon optical detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 705 (2001).
[Crossref]

Tadanaga, O.

Takahashi, J.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonics devices based on silicon microfabrication technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Fukuda, K. Yamada, T. Shoji, M. Takahashi, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, and S. Itabashi, “Four-wave mixing in silicon wire waveguides,” Opt. Express 13, 4629 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Takahashi, M.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonics devices based on silicon microfabrication technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Fukuda, K. Yamada, T. Shoji, M. Takahashi, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, and S. Itabashi, “Four-wave mixing in silicon wire waveguides,” Opt. Express 13, 4629 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Takesue, H.

H. Takesue, “1.5-µm band Hong-Ou-Mandel experiment using photon pairs generated in two independent dispersion shifted fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 204101 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. Takesue, Y. Tokura, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, and S. Itabashi, “Entanglement generation using silicon wire waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201108 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. Takesue, K. Inoue, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, and M. Asobe, “Generation of pulsed polarization-entangled photon pairs in a 1.55-µm band with a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide and an orthogonal polarization delay circuit,” Opt. Lett. 30, 293 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Takesue and K. Inoue, “1.5-µm band quantum-correlated photon pair generation in dispersion-shifted fiber: suppression of noise photons by cooling fiber,” Opt. Express 13, 7832–7839 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Takesue and K. Inoue, “Generation of polarization entangled photon pairs and violation of Bell’s inequality using spontaneous four-wave mixing in fiber loop,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 031802(R) (2004).
[Crossref]

Tamechika, E.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonics devices based on silicon microfabrication technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
[Crossref]

Tittel, W.

H. de Riedmatten, V. Scarani, I. Marcikic, A. Acin, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Two independent photon pairs versus four-photon entangled states in parametric down conversion,” J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1637 (2004).

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Brendel, N. Gisin, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Pulsed energy-time entangled twin-photon source for quantum communication,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2594–2597 (1999).
[Crossref]

Tokura, Y.

H. Takesue, Y. Tokura, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, and S. Itabashi, “Entanglement generation using silicon wire waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201108 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tsuchida, H.

A. Yoshizawa, R. Kaji, and H. Tsuchida, “Generation of polarization-entangled photon pairs at 1550 nm using two PPLN wavetguides,” Electron. Lett. 39, 621 (2003).
[Crossref]

Tsuchizawa, T.

H. Takesue, Y. Tokura, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, and S. Itabashi, “Entanglement generation using silicon wire waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201108 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonics devices based on silicon microfabrication technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Fukuda, K. Yamada, T. Shoji, M. Takahashi, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, and S. Itabashi, “Four-wave mixing in silicon wire waveguides,” Opt. Express 13, 4629 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Turner, A. C.

J. Sharping, K. F. Lee, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and P. Kumar, “Generation of correlated photons in nanoscale silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express 14, 12388 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. F. Lee, P. Kumar, J. E. Sharping, M. A. Foster, A. L. Gaeta, A. C. Turner, and M. Lipson, “Telecom-band entanglement generation for chipscale quantum processing,” arXiv:0801.2606 (quant-ph) 17 January, 2008.

Ursin, R.

J. W. Pan, S. Gasparoni, R. Ursin, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental entanglement purification of arbitrary unknown states,” Nature 423, 41–7, (2003).
[Crossref]

Voronov, B.

G. N. Gol’tsman, O. Okunev, G. Chulkova, A. Lipatov, A. Semenov, K. Sminov, B. Voronov, A. Dzadanov, C. Williams, and R. Sobolewski, “Picosecond superconducting single-photon optical detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 705 (2001).
[Crossref]

Voss, P. L.

X. Li, C. Liang, K. F. Lee, J. Chen, P. L. Voss, and P. Kumar, “Integrable optical-fiber source of polarizationentangled photon pairs in the telecom band,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 052301 (2006).
[Crossref]

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, “Optical fiber-source of polarization-entangled photons in the 1550 nm telecom band,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053601 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wadsworth, W. J.

J. Fulconis, O. Alibart, J. L. O’Brien, W. J. Wadsworth, and J. G. Rarity, “Nonclassical interference and entanglement generation using a photonic crystal fiber pair photon source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 120501 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Waks, E.

E. Waks, A. Zeevi, and Y. Yamamoto, “Security of quantum key distribution with entangled photons against individual attacks,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 052310 (2002).
[Crossref]

Watanabe, T.

H. Takesue, Y. Tokura, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, and S. Itabashi, “Entanglement generation using silicon wire waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201108 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonics devices based on silicon microfabrication technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Fukuda, K. Yamada, T. Shoji, M. Takahashi, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, and S. Itabashi, “Four-wave mixing in silicon wire waveguides,” Opt. Express 13, 4629 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weihs, G.

J. W. Pan, S. Gasparoni, R. Ursin, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental entanglement purification of arbitrary unknown states,” Nature 423, 41–7, (2003).
[Crossref]

Weinfurter, H.

D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental quantum teleportation,” Nature 390, 575 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. W. Pan, D. Bouwmeester, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental entanglement swapping: entangling photons that never interacted,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3891 (1998).
[Crossref]

White, A. G.

D. F. V. James, P. G. Kwiat, W. J. Munro, and A. G. White, “Measurement of qubits,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 052312 (2001).
[Crossref]

Williams, C.

G. N. Gol’tsman, O. Okunev, G. Chulkova, A. Lipatov, A. Semenov, K. Sminov, B. Voronov, A. Dzadanov, C. Williams, and R. Sobolewski, “Picosecond superconducting single-photon optical detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 705 (2001).
[Crossref]

Yamada, K.

H. Takesue, Y. Tokura, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, and S. Itabashi, “Entanglement generation using silicon wire waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201108 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonics devices based on silicon microfabrication technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Fukuda, K. Yamada, T. Shoji, M. Takahashi, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, and S. Itabashi, “Four-wave mixing in silicon wire waveguides,” Opt. Express 13, 4629 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yamamoto, T.

T. Yamamoto, M. Koashi, S. K. Ozdemir, and N. Imoto, “Experimental extraction of an entangled photon pair from two identically decohered pairs,” Nature 421, 343 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yamamoto, Y.

E. Waks, A. Zeevi, and Y. Yamamoto, “Security of quantum key distribution with entangled photons against individual attacks,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 052310 (2002).
[Crossref]

Yoshizawa, A.

A. Yoshizawa, R. Kaji, and H. Tsuchida, “Generation of polarization-entangled photon pairs at 1550 nm using two PPLN wavetguides,” Electron. Lett. 39, 621 (2003).
[Crossref]

Zbinden, H.

M. Halder, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, V. Scarani, C. Simon, and H. Zbinden, “Entangling independent photons by time measurement,” Nat. Phys. 3, 692 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. de Riedmatten, V. Scarani, I. Marcikic, A. Acin, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Two independent photon pairs versus four-photon entangled states in parametric down conversion,” J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1637 (2004).

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Brendel, N. Gisin, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Pulsed energy-time entangled twin-photon source for quantum communication,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2594–2597 (1999).
[Crossref]

Zeevi, A.

E. Waks, A. Zeevi, and Y. Yamamoto, “Security of quantum key distribution with entangled photons against individual attacks,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 052310 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zeilinger, A.

D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental quantum teleportation,” Nature 390, 575 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. W. Pan, S. Gasparoni, R. Ursin, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental entanglement purification of arbitrary unknown states,” Nature 423, 41–7, (2003).
[Crossref]

J. W. Pan, D. Bouwmeester, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental entanglement swapping: entangling photons that never interacted,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3891 (1998).
[Crossref]

Zyung, T.

T. G. Noh, H. Kim, T. Zyung, and J. Kim, “Efficient source of high purity polarization-entangled photon pairs in the 1550 nm telecommunication band,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 011116 (2007).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

T. G. Noh, H. Kim, T. Zyung, and J. Kim, “Efficient source of high purity polarization-entangled photon pairs in the 1550 nm telecommunication band,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 011116 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. Takesue, “1.5-µm band Hong-Ou-Mandel experiment using photon pairs generated in two independent dispersion shifted fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 204101 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. Takesue, Y. Tokura, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, and S. Itabashi, “Entanglement generation using silicon wire waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201108 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. N. Gol’tsman, O. Okunev, G. Chulkova, A. Lipatov, A. Semenov, K. Sminov, B. Voronov, A. Dzadanov, C. Williams, and R. Sobolewski, “Picosecond superconducting single-photon optical detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 705 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. J. Miller, S. W. Nam, J. M. Martinis, and A. V. Sergienko, “Demonstration of a low-noise near-infrared photon counter with multiphoton discrimination,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 791 (2003).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

A. Yoshizawa, R. Kaji, and H. Tsuchida, “Generation of polarization-entangled photon pairs at 1550 nm using two PPLN wavetguides,” Electron. Lett. 39, 621 (2003).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonics devices based on silicon microfabrication technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Mod. Opt. (2)

H. de Riedmatten, V. Scarani, I. Marcikic, A. Acin, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Two independent photon pairs versus four-photon entangled states in parametric down conversion,” J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1637 (2004).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup. PBS: polarization beam splitter, PC: polarization controller.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Two-photon interference fringes. Squares: θs =0 degrees, circles: θs =45 degrees.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Idler count rates as a function of idler polarizer angle. Squares: θs =0 degrees, circles: θs =45 degrees.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

R c = 1 2 μ α s α i .
R acc = ( 1 2 μ α s + d s ) · ( 1 2 μ α i + d i ) ,
V = I max I min I max + I min = R c R c + 2 R acc .
ρ = ( 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 )
ρ = ( 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 ) .

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