Abstract

A coupled mechanism for molecular aggregation in a thin water solution film by laser-tweezers is suggested based on (i) simulation of light intensity distribution and (ii) order of magnitude analysis of heat and mass transport induced by Marangoni convection. The analysis suggests that the laser induced temperature distribution develops within 1 ms and Marangoni convection flow commences within 0.01–1 s, which increases by 1–2 orders of magnitude the mass transfer of dissolved molecules into the laser focus where they are trapped and aggregate by attractive van der Waals forces. This mechanism, considered for the particular case of polymer assembly, suggests that it can also be successfully applied for assembling other types of clusters and molecular aggregates from solutions.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2007 (6)

Y. Nabetani, H. Yoshikawa, A. C. Grimsdale, K. Mullen, and H. Masuhara, "Effects of optical trapping and liquid surface deformation on the laser microdeposition of a polymer assembly in solution," Langmuir 23, 6737-6743 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Nabetani, H. Yoshikawa, A. Grimsdale, K. Mullen, and H. Masuhara, "Laser deposition of polymer micro- and nanoassembly from solution using focused near-infrared laser beam," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 449-454 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Singer, T. A. Nieminen, N. R. Heckenberg, H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Collecting single molecules with conventional optical tweezers," Phys. Rev. E,  75011916 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Luchette, N. Abiy, and H. Mao, "Microanalysis of clouding process at the single droplet level," Sens. Actuators 128, 154-160 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. I. Smalyukh, D. S. Kaputa, A. V. Kachynski, A. N. Kuzmin, and P. N. Prasad, "Optical trapping of director structures and defects in liquid crystals using laser tweezers," Opt. Express 15, 4359-4371 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Murazawa, S. Juodkazis, H. Misawa, and H. Wakatsuki, "Laser trapping of deformable objects," Opt. Express 15, 13310-13317 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (3)

S. Juodkazis, H. Misawa, O. A. Louchev, and K. Kitamura, "Femtosecond laser ablation of chalcogenide glass: explosive formation of nano-fibers against thermo-capillary growth of micro-spheres," Nanotechnology 17, 4802-4805 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Manzo, D. Paparo, L. Marrucci, and I. Janossy, "Light-induced rotation of dye-doped liquid crystal droplets," Phys. Rev. E 73, 051707 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Brasselet and L. J. Dube, "Light-induced chaotic rotations in nematic liquid crystals," Phys. Rev. E 73, 021704 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (4)

N. Murazawa, S. Juodkazis, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, "Control of the molecular alignment inside liquid crystals droplets by use of laser tweezers," Small 1, 656-661 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. Furst, "Applications of laser tweezers in complex fluid rheology," Curr. Opin. Colloid. Interface. Sci. 10, 79-86 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. T. Shubeota, B. C. Carter, and S. P. Gross, "Tracking single particles: a user-friendly quantitative evaluation," Phys. Biol. 2, 60-72 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Vogel, J. Noack, G. Huttman, and G. Paltauf, "Mechanisms of femtosecond laser nanosurgery of cells and tissues," Appl. Phys. B 81, 1015-1047 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

S. Juodkazis and H. Misawa, "Controlled through-hole ablation of polymer microspheres," J. Micromech. Microeng. 14, 1244-1248 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Bishop, T. Nieminen, N. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Optical microrheology using rotating laser-trapped particles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 198104 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (7)

C. Bustamante, Z. Bryant, and S. Smith, "Ten years of tension: single-molecule dna mechanics," Nature 421, 423-427 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. R. Bao, H. J. Lee, and S. R. Quake, "Behavior of complex knots in single DNA molecules," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 265506 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. P. MacDonald, G. C. Spalding, and K. Dholakia, "Microfluidic sorting in an optical lattice," Nature 426, 421-424 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Juodkazis, S. Matsuo, N. Murazawa, I. Hasegawa, and H. Misawa, "High-efficiency optical transfer of torque to a nematic liquid crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4657-4659 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Maruo, K. Ikuta, and H. Korogi, "Force-controllable, optically driven micromachines fabricated by single-step two-photon micro stereolithography," J. Microelectromech. Syst. 12, 533-539 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Lang and S. M. Block, "Laser-based optical tweezers," Am. J. Phys. 71, 201-215 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Grier, "A revolution in optical manipulation," Nature 424, 810-816 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

S. Juodkazis, K. Fujiwara, T. Takahashi, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, "Morphology-dependent resonant laser emission of dye-doped ellipsoidal microcavity," J. Appl. Phys. 91, 916-921 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Takasone, S. Juodkazis, Y. Kawagishi, A. Yamaguchi, S. Matsuo, H. Sakakibara, H. Nakayama, and H. Misawa, "Flexural rigidity of a single microtubule," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 3015-3019 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

J. Liphardt, B. Onoa, S. B. Smith, I. Tinoco, and C. Bustamante, "Reversible unfolding of single rna molecules by mechanical force," Science 292, 733-737 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Galajda and P. Ormos, "Complex micromachines produced and driven by light," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 249-251 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (6)

K.-I. Wada, K. Sasaki, and H. Masuhara, "Optical measurement of interaction potentials between a single microparticle and an evanescent field," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2815-2817 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Miwa, S. Juodkazis, and H. Misawa, "Drag of laser trapped micro-particle," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 1930-1933 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Meiners and S. R. Quake, "Femtonewton force spectroscopy of single extended DNA molecules," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5014-5017 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Juodkazis, N. Mukai, R. Wakaki, A. Yamaguchi, and H. Misawa, "Reversible phase transitions in polymer gels induced by radiation forces," Nature 408, 178-181 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Guck, R. Ananthakrishnan, T. J. Moon, C. C. Cunningham, and J. Kas, "Optical deformability of soft biological dielectrics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5451-5454 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. W. Berry, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Effects associated with bubble formation in optical trapping," J. Mod. Opt. 47, 1575 - 1585 (2000).

1999 (2)

H. Misawa and S. Juodkazis, "Photophysics and photochemistry of a laser manipulated microparticle," Prog. Polym. Sci. 24, 665-697 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Juodkazis, M. Shikata, T. Takahashi, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, "Fast optical swithing by a laser manipulated microdroplet of liquid crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3627-3629 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

M. E. J. Friese, T. A. Nieminen, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Optical alignment and spinning of laser-trapped microscopic particles," Nature 394, 348-350 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Tlusty, A. Meller, and R. Bar-Ziv, "Optical forces of highly focused fields," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1738-1741 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (5)

M. S. Z. Kellermayer, S. B. Smith, H. L. Granzier, and C. Bustamante, "Folding-unfolding transitions in single titin molecules characterized with laser tweezers," Science 276, 1112-1116 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Jensenius and G. Zocchi, "Measuring the spring constant of a single polymer chain," Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 5030-5033 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Y. Savchenko, N. V. Tabiryan, and B. Y. Zel’dovich, "Transfer of momentum and torque from a light beam to a liquid," Phys. Rev. E 56, 4773-4779 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Sasaki, M. Tsukima, and H. Masuhara, "Three-dimensional potential analysis of radiation pressure exerted on a single microparticle," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 37-39 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Ashkin, "Optical trapping and manipulation of neutral particles using lasers," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94, 4853-4860 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (2)

O. A. Louchev, S. Otani, and Y. Ishizawa, "The incorporation of convection into 1d model of float zone and traveling solvent techniques," J. Cryst. Growth 167, 333-344 (1996).
[CrossRef]

O. A. Louchev, S. Otani, and Y. Ishizawa, "Thermal analysis of float zone traveling solvent technique of crystal growth of LaB6," J. Appl. Phys. 80, 518-528 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

R. C. Gauthier, "Ray optics model and numerical computations for the radiation pressure micro-motor," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2269-2271 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

E. Higurashi, H. Ukita, H. Tanaka, and O. Ohguchi, "Optically induced rotation of anisotropic micro-objects fabricated by surface micromachining," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2209-2210 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

H. Misawa, K. Sasaki, M. Koshioka, N. Kitamura, and H. Masuhara, "Multibeam laser manipulation and fixation of microparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 310-312 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

H. Misawa, M. Koshioka, K. Sasaki, N. Kitamura, and H. Masuhara, "Three-dimensional optical trapping and laser ablation of a single polymer latex particle in water," J. Appl. Phys. 70, 3829-3836 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

1973 (1)

1970 (1)

A. Ashkin, "Acceleration and trapping of particles by radiation pressure," Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 156-159 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Am. J. Phys. (1)

M. J. Lang and S. M. Block, "Laser-based optical tweezers," Am. J. Phys. 71, 201-215 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

A. Vogel, J. Noack, G. Huttman, and G. Paltauf, "Mechanisms of femtosecond laser nanosurgery of cells and tissues," Appl. Phys. B 81, 1015-1047 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (8)

H. Misawa, K. Sasaki, M. Koshioka, N. Kitamura, and H. Masuhara, "Multibeam laser manipulation and fixation of microparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 310-312 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. Sasaki, M. Tsukima, and H. Masuhara, "Three-dimensional potential analysis of radiation pressure exerted on a single microparticle," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 37-39 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K.-I. Wada, K. Sasaki, and H. Masuhara, "Optical measurement of interaction potentials between a single microparticle and an evanescent field," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2815-2817 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Galajda and P. Ormos, "Complex micromachines produced and driven by light," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 249-251 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Gauthier, "Ray optics model and numerical computations for the radiation pressure micro-motor," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2269-2271 (1995).
[CrossRef]

E. Higurashi, H. Ukita, H. Tanaka, and O. Ohguchi, "Optically induced rotation of anisotropic micro-objects fabricated by surface micromachining," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2209-2210 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. Juodkazis, S. Matsuo, N. Murazawa, I. Hasegawa, and H. Misawa, "High-efficiency optical transfer of torque to a nematic liquid crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4657-4659 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Juodkazis, M. Shikata, T. Takahashi, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, "Fast optical swithing by a laser manipulated microdroplet of liquid crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3627-3629 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Curr. Opin. Colloid. Interface. Sci. (1)

E. Furst, "Applications of laser tweezers in complex fluid rheology," Curr. Opin. Colloid. Interface. Sci. 10, 79-86 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (3)

S. Juodkazis, K. Fujiwara, T. Takahashi, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, "Morphology-dependent resonant laser emission of dye-doped ellipsoidal microcavity," J. Appl. Phys. 91, 916-921 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Misawa, M. Koshioka, K. Sasaki, N. Kitamura, and H. Masuhara, "Three-dimensional optical trapping and laser ablation of a single polymer latex particle in water," J. Appl. Phys. 70, 3829-3836 (1991).
[CrossRef]

O. A. Louchev, S. Otani, and Y. Ishizawa, "Thermal analysis of float zone traveling solvent technique of crystal growth of LaB6," J. Appl. Phys. 80, 518-528 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

O. A. Louchev, S. Otani, and Y. Ishizawa, "The incorporation of convection into 1d model of float zone and traveling solvent techniques," J. Cryst. Growth 167, 333-344 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Microelectromech. Syst. (1)

S. Maruo, K. Ikuta, and H. Korogi, "Force-controllable, optically driven micromachines fabricated by single-step two-photon micro stereolithography," J. Microelectromech. Syst. 12, 533-539 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Micromech. Microeng. (1)

S. Juodkazis and H. Misawa, "Controlled through-hole ablation of polymer microspheres," J. Micromech. Microeng. 14, 1244-1248 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

D. W. Berry, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Effects associated with bubble formation in optical trapping," J. Mod. Opt. 47, 1575 - 1585 (2000).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (3)

M. Miwa, S. Juodkazis, and H. Misawa, "Drag of laser trapped micro-particle," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 1930-1933 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Nabetani, H. Yoshikawa, A. Grimsdale, K. Mullen, and H. Masuhara, "Laser deposition of polymer micro- and nanoassembly from solution using focused near-infrared laser beam," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 449-454 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Takasone, S. Juodkazis, Y. Kawagishi, A. Yamaguchi, S. Matsuo, H. Sakakibara, H. Nakayama, and H. Misawa, "Flexural rigidity of a single microtubule," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 3015-3019 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Langmuir (1)

Y. Nabetani, H. Yoshikawa, A. C. Grimsdale, K. Mullen, and H. Masuhara, "Effects of optical trapping and liquid surface deformation on the laser microdeposition of a polymer assembly in solution," Langmuir 23, 6737-6743 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nanotechnology (1)

S. Juodkazis, H. Misawa, O. A. Louchev, and K. Kitamura, "Femtosecond laser ablation of chalcogenide glass: explosive formation of nano-fibers against thermo-capillary growth of micro-spheres," Nanotechnology 17, 4802-4805 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nature (5)

D. G. Grier, "A revolution in optical manipulation," Nature 424, 810-816 (2003).
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S. Juodkazis, N. Mukai, R. Wakaki, A. Yamaguchi, and H. Misawa, "Reversible phase transitions in polymer gels induced by radiation forces," Nature 408, 178-181 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Bustamante, Z. Bryant, and S. Smith, "Ten years of tension: single-molecule dna mechanics," Nature 421, 423-427 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. P. MacDonald, G. C. Spalding, and K. Dholakia, "Microfluidic sorting in an optical lattice," Nature 426, 421-424 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. E. J. Friese, T. A. Nieminen, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Optical alignment and spinning of laser-trapped microscopic particles," Nature 394, 348-350 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Biol. (1)

G. T. Shubeota, B. C. Carter, and S. P. Gross, "Tracking single particles: a user-friendly quantitative evaluation," Phys. Biol. 2, 60-72 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (4)

C. Manzo, D. Paparo, L. Marrucci, and I. Janossy, "Light-induced rotation of dye-doped liquid crystal droplets," Phys. Rev. E 73, 051707 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Brasselet and L. J. Dube, "Light-induced chaotic rotations in nematic liquid crystals," Phys. Rev. E 73, 021704 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Y. Savchenko, N. V. Tabiryan, and B. Y. Zel’dovich, "Transfer of momentum and torque from a light beam to a liquid," Phys. Rev. E 56, 4773-4779 (1997).
[CrossRef]

W. Singer, T. A. Nieminen, N. R. Heckenberg, H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Collecting single molecules with conventional optical tweezers," Phys. Rev. E,  75011916 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (7)

J.-C. Meiners and S. R. Quake, "Femtonewton force spectroscopy of single extended DNA molecules," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5014-5017 (2000).
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H. Jensenius and G. Zocchi, "Measuring the spring constant of a single polymer chain," Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 5030-5033 (1997).
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J. Guck, R. Ananthakrishnan, T. J. Moon, C. C. Cunningham, and J. Kas, "Optical deformability of soft biological dielectrics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5451-5454 (2000).
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X. R. Bao, H. J. Lee, and S. R. Quake, "Behavior of complex knots in single DNA molecules," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 265506 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Bishop, T. Nieminen, N. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Optical microrheology using rotating laser-trapped particles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 198104 (2004).
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[CrossRef]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA (1)

A. Ashkin, "Optical trapping and manipulation of neutral particles using lasers," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94, 4853-4860 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prog. Polym. Sci. (1)

H. Misawa and S. Juodkazis, "Photophysics and photochemistry of a laser manipulated microparticle," Prog. Polym. Sci. 24, 665-697 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Science (2)

M. S. Z. Kellermayer, S. B. Smith, H. L. Granzier, and C. Bustamante, "Folding-unfolding transitions in single titin molecules characterized with laser tweezers," Science 276, 1112-1116 (1997).
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J. Liphardt, B. Onoa, S. B. Smith, I. Tinoco, and C. Bustamante, "Reversible unfolding of single rna molecules by mechanical force," Science 292, 733-737 (2001).
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Sens. Actuators (1)

P. Luchette, N. Abiy, and H. Mao, "Microanalysis of clouding process at the single droplet level," Sens. Actuators 128, 154-160 (2007).
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Small (1)

N. Murazawa, S. Juodkazis, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, "Control of the molecular alignment inside liquid crystals droplets by use of laser tweezers," Small 1, 656-661 (2005).
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Other (1)

P. Tabeling, Introduction to microfluidics, (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2005).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

The 3D-FDTD simulations of the light intensity distribution, E 2 y (a,c,e) for different refractive index distributions shown in (b,d,f). The incident field was a y-polarized Gaussian of amplitude (0,1,0) propagating along the x-axis. The half-angle of the focusing cone was θ=30° (corresponds to the NA=0.67 for focusing in water n=1.33). The regions (a,c,e) are marked by corresponding rectangles in (b,d,f).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic of laser trapping and deposition of nano-aggregates. The processes shown in panels (c-e) constitute a positive feedback loop which is key for the final deposition of nano-aggregate. See text for detailed discussion.

Equations (9)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

F g = n m α 2 E 2 ; F s = n m S σ c
α = r 3 ( n p n m ) 2 1 ( n p n m ) 2 + 2 .
d u dt = p + v 2 u + F ρ ,
F = ρβ g ( T T 0 )
ρ v n u = σ T T ,
D = kT 6 π R μ ,
Ra = g β Δ T d 3 va .
Ma = σ T Δ T l ρ va ,
D eff D 0.17 ( Ma m ) 0.45 .

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