Abstract

We report on subwavelength plasmon-polariton guiding by triangular metal wedges at telecom wavelengths. A high-quality fabrication procedure for making gold wedge waveguides, which is also mass-production compatible offering large-scale parallel fabrication of plasmonic components, is developed. Using scanning near-field optical imaging at the wavelengths in the range of 1.43 – 1.52 μm, we demonstrate low-loss (propagation length ~ 120 μm) and well-confined (mode width ≅1.3 μm) wedge plasmon-polariton guiding along triangular 6-μm-high and 70.5- angle gold wedges. Experimental observations are consistent with numerical simulations performed with the multiple multipole and finite difference time domain methods.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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2007 (2)

I. Fernandez-Cuesta, R. B. Nielsen, Alexandra Boltasseva, X. Borrisé, F. Pérez-Murano, and Anders Kristensen, "V-groove plasmonic waveguides fabricated by nanoimprint lithography," J. Vacuum Sci. Technol. B 25, 2649-2653 (2007).

V. S. Volkov, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. H. Frandsen, M. Kristensen, "Direct observation of surface mode excitation and slow light coupling in photonic crystal waveguides," Nano Lett. 7, 2341-2345 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

E. Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martin-Moreno, and SergeyI. Bozhevolnyi, "Channel plasmon-polaritons: modal shape, dispersion, and losses," Opt. Lett. 31, 3447-3449 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators," Nature 440, 508-511 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

2004 (1)

D. K. Gramotnev and D. F. P. Pile, "Single-mode subwavelength waveguide with channel plasmon-polaritons in triangular grooves on a metal surface," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 6323-6325 (2004).

2003 (2)

K. Tanaka and M. Tanaka, "Simulations of nanometric optical circuits based on surface plasmon polariton gap waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1158-1160 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature 424, 824-830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

B. Lamprecht, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, H. Ditlbacher, M. Salerno, N. Felidj, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. C. Weeber, "Surface plasmon propagation in microscale metal stripes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 51-53 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Yatsuia, M. Kourogi, and M. Ohtsu, "Plasmon waveguide for optical far/near-field conversion," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 4583-4585 (2001).

2000 (2)

R. Charbonneau, P. Berini, E. Berolo, and E. Lisicka-Skrzek, "Experimental observation of plasmon-polariton waves supported by a thin metal film of finite width," Opt. Lett. 25, 844-846 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Berini, "Plasmon-polariton waves guided by thin lossy metal films of finite width: Bound modes of symmetric structures," Phys. Rev. B 61, 10484-10503 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1981 (1)

A. D. Boardman, G. C. Aers, and R. Teshima, "Retarded edge modes of a parabolic wedge," Phys. Rev. B 24, 5703-5712 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

L. Dobrzynski and A. A. Maradudin, "Electrostatic edge modes in a dielectric wedge," Phys. Rev. B 6, 3810-3815 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

K. Tanaka and M. Tanaka, "Simulations of nanometric optical circuits based on surface plasmon polariton gap waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1158-1160 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. K. Gramotnev and D. F. P. Pile, "Single-mode subwavelength waveguide with channel plasmon-polaritons in triangular grooves on a metal surface," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 6323-6325 (2004).

B. Lamprecht, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, H. Ditlbacher, M. Salerno, N. Felidj, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. C. Weeber, "Surface plasmon propagation in microscale metal stripes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 51-53 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Yatsuia, M. Kourogi, and M. Ohtsu, "Plasmon waveguide for optical far/near-field conversion," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 4583-4585 (2001).

J. Vacuum Sci. Technol. B (1)

I. Fernandez-Cuesta, R. B. Nielsen, Alexandra Boltasseva, X. Borrisé, F. Pérez-Murano, and Anders Kristensen, "V-groove plasmonic waveguides fabricated by nanoimprint lithography," J. Vacuum Sci. Technol. B 25, 2649-2653 (2007).

Nano Letters (1)

V. S. Volkov, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. H. Frandsen, M. Kristensen, "Direct observation of surface mode excitation and slow light coupling in photonic crystal waveguides," Nano Lett. 7, 2341-2345 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature 424, 824-830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators," Nature 440, 508-511 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Optics Letters (1)

E. Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martin-Moreno, and SergeyI. Bozhevolnyi, "Channel plasmon-polaritons: modal shape, dispersion, and losses," Opt. Lett. 31, 3447-3449 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (3)

L. Dobrzynski and A. A. Maradudin, "Electrostatic edge modes in a dielectric wedge," Phys. Rev. B 6, 3810-3815 (1972).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Boardman, G. C. Aers, and R. Teshima, "Retarded edge modes of a parabolic wedge," Phys. Rev. B 24, 5703-5712 (1981).
[CrossRef]

P. Berini, "Plasmon-polariton waves guided by thin lossy metal films of finite width: Bound modes of symmetric structures," Phys. Rev. B 61, 10484-10503 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, "Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257403-4 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (6)

D. F. P. Pile, S. Ogawa, D. K. Gramotnev, Y. Matsuzaki, K. C. Vernon, K. Yamaguchi, T. Okamoto, M. Haraguchi, and M. Fukui, "Two-dimensionally localized modes of a nanoscale gap plasmon waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett.  87, 261114-1-3 (2005).

I. V. Novikov and A. A. Maradudin, "Channel polaritons," Phys. Rev. B 66, 035403-1-13 (2002).

D. F. P. Pile, T. Ogawa, D. K. Gramotnev, T. Okamoto, M. Haraguchi, M. Fukui, and S. Matsuo, "Theoretical and experimental investigation of strongly localized plasmons on triangular metal wedges for subwavelength waveguiding," Appl. Phys. Lett.  87, 061106-1-3 (2005).

E. Moreno, S. G. Rodrigo, SergeyI.  Bozhevolnyi, L. Martin-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, "Guiding and focusing of electromagnetic fields with wedge plasmon-polaritons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 023901-1-4 (2008).

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons (Springer, Berlin 1988).

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon-polariton guiding by subwavelength metal grooves," Phys. Rev. Lett.  95, 046802-1-4 (2005).

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