Abstract

We report simple methods of laser active Cr2+:ZnSe powder fabrication with average grain sizes of either ~10 or ~1 µm without crystal growth stage. Pure, uniformly mixed ZnSe and CrSe powders annealed at 1000 °C for 3 days in a sealed evacuated (~10-4 Torr) quartz ampoule exhibited middle-infrared laser action at room temperature under 1.56 µm excitation of D2 Raman shifted radiation of Nd:YAG laser. The output-input characteristic clearly demonstrated the threshold-like behavior of the output signal with the threshold energy level of 0.5 and 3 mJ in 2.9 mm spot for 10 and 1 µm grain sizes, respectively.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. V. M. Markushev, V. F. Zolin, and Ch. M. Briskina, "Luminescence and stimulated emission of neodymium in sodium lanthanum molybdate powders," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 281-283 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. S. Wiersma and S. Cavalieri, "A temperature tunable random laser," Nature 414, 708-709 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balanchandran, A. S. L. Gomez, and E. Sauvain, "Laser action in strongly scattering media," Nature 368, 436(1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Mujumdar, M. Ricci, R. Torre, and D. S. Wiersma, "Amplified extended modes in random lasers," Phys Rev. Lett. 93, 053903 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. Y. Feng, J.-F. Bisson, J. Lu, S. Huang, K. Takaichi, A. Shirakawa, M. Musha, and K.-I. Ueda, "Thermal effects in quasi-continuous-wave Nd3+:Y3Al5O12 nanocrystalline-powder random laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1040-1042 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, "Transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, A. Burger, "Cr2+-doped zinc chalcogenides as efficient, widely tunable mid-infrared lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33/4, 609 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, K. Graham, I. S. Moskalev, I. T. Sorokina and E. Sorokin, V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, V. V. Badikov, and V. Panyutin, Diode and fibre pumped Cr2+:ZnS mid-infrared external cavity and microchip lasers," IEE Optoelectronics 150, 340 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  9. I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, V. Badikov, V. Panyutin, A. DiLieto, and M. Tonelli, "Continuous-wave tunable Cr2+:ZnS laser," Appl. Phys. B 74, 607-611 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, K. Graham, I. S. Moskalev, V. V. Badikov, and V. Panyutin, "Erbium fiber laser-pumped continuous-wave microchip Cr2+:ZnS and Cr2+:ZnSe lasers," Opt. Lett. 27, 909 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C.-H. Su, S. Feth, M. P. Volz, R. Mathyi, M. A. George, K. Chattopadhyay, A. Burger, and S. L. Lehoczky, "Vapor growth and characterization of Cr-doped ZnSe crystals," J. Crystal Growth 207, 35-42 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. Gallian, V. V. Fedorov, S. B. Mirov, V. V. Badikov, S. N. Galkin, E. F. Voronkin, and A. I. Lalayants, "Hot-pressed ceramic Cr2+:ZnSe gain-switched laser," Opt. Express 14, 11694-11701 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. U. Hommerich, X. Wu, V. R. Davis, S. B. Trivedi, K. Grasza, R. J. Chen, and S. Kutcher, "Demonstration of room-temperature laser action at 2.5 mm from Cr2+:Cd0.85Mn0.15Te," Opt. Lett. 22, 1180-1182 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. J. McKay, D. Kraus, and K. L. Schepler, "Optimization of Cr2+:CdSe for Efficient laser Operation," H. Injeyan, U. Keller, C. Marshall, eds., in OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics, Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Washington, DC 2000, Vol. 34, (Optical Society of America, 2000), pp. 219-224.
  15. V. V. Fedorov, S. B. Mirov, A. Gallian, D. V. Badikov, M. P. Frolov, Y. V. Korostelin, V. I. Kozlovsky, A. I. Landman, Y. P. Podmar’kov, V. A. Akimov, and A. A. Voronov, "3.77-5.05-µm Tunable Solid-State Lasers Based on Fe2+-Doped ZnSe Crystals Operating at Low and Room Temperatures," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 907-917 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. Kernal, V. V. Fedorov, A. Gallian, S. B. Mirov, and V. Badikov, "3.9-4.8 µm gain-switched lasing of Fe:ZnSe at room temperature," Opt. Express 13, 10608-10615 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, G. Zhu, and M. A. Noginov, "Room-temperature lasing in nanocrystalline Cr2+:ZnSe random laser," OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics, Advanced Solid-State Photonics 94, 376-380 (2004).
  18. I. T. Sorokina, "Cr2+ -doped II-IV materials for lasers and nonlinear optics," Opt. Mater. 26, 395-412 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  19. E. Sorokin, S. Naumov, and I. T. Sorokina, "Ultrabroadband infrared solid-state laser," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 690-712 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  20. J.-O. Ndap, K. Chattopadhyay, O. O. Adetunji, D. E. Zelmon, and A. Burger, "Thermal diffusion of Cr2+ in bulk ZnSe," J. Crystal Growth 240, 176 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  21. C. Kim, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev, and S. B. Mirov. "Mid-IR Luminescence of nanocrystalline II-VI semiconductors doped with transition metal ions," J. Spectrosc. 22, 32-37 (2007).
  22. M. A. Noginov, Solid-State Random Lasers (Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, New York, 2005) 105, 222-227.
  23. H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, "Random Laser Action in Semiconductor Powder," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

2007

C. Kim, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev, and S. B. Mirov. "Mid-IR Luminescence of nanocrystalline II-VI semiconductors doped with transition metal ions," J. Spectrosc. 22, 32-37 (2007).

2006

A. Gallian, V. V. Fedorov, S. B. Mirov, V. V. Badikov, S. N. Galkin, E. F. Voronkin, and A. I. Lalayants, "Hot-pressed ceramic Cr2+:ZnSe gain-switched laser," Opt. Express 14, 11694-11701 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. V. Fedorov, S. B. Mirov, A. Gallian, D. V. Badikov, M. P. Frolov, Y. V. Korostelin, V. I. Kozlovsky, A. I. Landman, Y. P. Podmar’kov, V. A. Akimov, and A. A. Voronov, "3.77-5.05-µm Tunable Solid-State Lasers Based on Fe2+-Doped ZnSe Crystals Operating at Low and Room Temperatures," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 907-917 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

J. Kernal, V. V. Fedorov, A. Gallian, S. B. Mirov, and V. Badikov, "3.9-4.8 µm gain-switched lasing of Fe:ZnSe at room temperature," Opt. Express 13, 10608-10615 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Sorokin, S. Naumov, and I. T. Sorokina, "Ultrabroadband infrared solid-state laser," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 690-712 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, G. Zhu, and M. A. Noginov, "Room-temperature lasing in nanocrystalline Cr2+:ZnSe random laser," OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics, Advanced Solid-State Photonics 94, 376-380 (2004).

I. T. Sorokina, "Cr2+ -doped II-IV materials for lasers and nonlinear optics," Opt. Mater. 26, 395-412 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Mujumdar, M. Ricci, R. Torre, and D. S. Wiersma, "Amplified extended modes in random lasers," Phys Rev. Lett. 93, 053903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Feng, J.-F. Bisson, J. Lu, S. Huang, K. Takaichi, A. Shirakawa, M. Musha, and K.-I. Ueda, "Thermal effects in quasi-continuous-wave Nd3+:Y3Al5O12 nanocrystalline-powder random laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1040-1042 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, K. Graham, I. S. Moskalev, I. T. Sorokina and E. Sorokin, V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, V. V. Badikov, and V. Panyutin, Diode and fibre pumped Cr2+:ZnS mid-infrared external cavity and microchip lasers," IEE Optoelectronics 150, 340 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, V. Badikov, V. Panyutin, A. DiLieto, and M. Tonelli, "Continuous-wave tunable Cr2+:ZnS laser," Appl. Phys. B 74, 607-611 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, K. Graham, I. S. Moskalev, V. V. Badikov, and V. Panyutin, "Erbium fiber laser-pumped continuous-wave microchip Cr2+:ZnS and Cr2+:ZnSe lasers," Opt. Lett. 27, 909 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J.-O. Ndap, K. Chattopadhyay, O. O. Adetunji, D. E. Zelmon, and A. Burger, "Thermal diffusion of Cr2+ in bulk ZnSe," J. Crystal Growth 240, 176 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

D. S. Wiersma and S. Cavalieri, "A temperature tunable random laser," Nature 414, 708-709 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

C.-H. Su, S. Feth, M. P. Volz, R. Mathyi, M. A. George, K. Chattopadhyay, A. Burger, and S. L. Lehoczky, "Vapor growth and characterization of Cr-doped ZnSe crystals," J. Crystal Growth 207, 35-42 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, "Random Laser Action in Semiconductor Powder," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997

U. Hommerich, X. Wu, V. R. Davis, S. B. Trivedi, K. Grasza, R. J. Chen, and S. Kutcher, "Demonstration of room-temperature laser action at 2.5 mm from Cr2+:Cd0.85Mn0.15Te," Opt. Lett. 22, 1180-1182 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, A. Burger, "Cr2+-doped zinc chalcogenides as efficient, widely tunable mid-infrared lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33/4, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, "Transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balanchandran, A. S. L. Gomez, and E. Sauvain, "Laser action in strongly scattering media," Nature 368, 436(1994).
[CrossRef]

1986

V. M. Markushev, V. F. Zolin, and Ch. M. Briskina, "Luminescence and stimulated emission of neodymium in sodium lanthanum molybdate powders," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 281-283 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Adetunji, O. O.

J.-O. Ndap, K. Chattopadhyay, O. O. Adetunji, D. E. Zelmon, and A. Burger, "Thermal diffusion of Cr2+ in bulk ZnSe," J. Crystal Growth 240, 176 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Akimov, V. A.

V. V. Fedorov, S. B. Mirov, A. Gallian, D. V. Badikov, M. P. Frolov, Y. V. Korostelin, V. I. Kozlovsky, A. I. Landman, Y. P. Podmar’kov, V. A. Akimov, and A. A. Voronov, "3.77-5.05-µm Tunable Solid-State Lasers Based on Fe2+-Doped ZnSe Crystals Operating at Low and Room Temperatures," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 907-917 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Badikov, D. V.

V. V. Fedorov, S. B. Mirov, A. Gallian, D. V. Badikov, M. P. Frolov, Y. V. Korostelin, V. I. Kozlovsky, A. I. Landman, Y. P. Podmar’kov, V. A. Akimov, and A. A. Voronov, "3.77-5.05-µm Tunable Solid-State Lasers Based on Fe2+-Doped ZnSe Crystals Operating at Low and Room Temperatures," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 907-917 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Badikov, V.

J. Kernal, V. V. Fedorov, A. Gallian, S. B. Mirov, and V. Badikov, "3.9-4.8 µm gain-switched lasing of Fe:ZnSe at room temperature," Opt. Express 13, 10608-10615 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, V. Badikov, V. Panyutin, A. DiLieto, and M. Tonelli, "Continuous-wave tunable Cr2+:ZnS laser," Appl. Phys. B 74, 607-611 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Badikov, V. V.

Balanchandran, R. M.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balanchandran, A. S. L. Gomez, and E. Sauvain, "Laser action in strongly scattering media," Nature 368, 436(1994).
[CrossRef]

Bisson, J.-F.

Y. Feng, J.-F. Bisson, J. Lu, S. Huang, K. Takaichi, A. Shirakawa, M. Musha, and K.-I. Ueda, "Thermal effects in quasi-continuous-wave Nd3+:Y3Al5O12 nanocrystalline-powder random laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1040-1042 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Briskina, Ch. M.

V. M. Markushev, V. F. Zolin, and Ch. M. Briskina, "Luminescence and stimulated emission of neodymium in sodium lanthanum molybdate powders," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 281-283 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Burger, A.

J.-O. Ndap, K. Chattopadhyay, O. O. Adetunji, D. E. Zelmon, and A. Burger, "Thermal diffusion of Cr2+ in bulk ZnSe," J. Crystal Growth 240, 176 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C.-H. Su, S. Feth, M. P. Volz, R. Mathyi, M. A. George, K. Chattopadhyay, A. Burger, and S. L. Lehoczky, "Vapor growth and characterization of Cr-doped ZnSe crystals," J. Crystal Growth 207, 35-42 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, A. Burger, "Cr2+-doped zinc chalcogenides as efficient, widely tunable mid-infrared lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33/4, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cao, H.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, "Random Laser Action in Semiconductor Powder," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cavalieri, S.

D. S. Wiersma and S. Cavalieri, "A temperature tunable random laser," Nature 414, 708-709 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, R. P. H.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, "Random Laser Action in Semiconductor Powder," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chattopadhyay, K.

J.-O. Ndap, K. Chattopadhyay, O. O. Adetunji, D. E. Zelmon, and A. Burger, "Thermal diffusion of Cr2+ in bulk ZnSe," J. Crystal Growth 240, 176 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C.-H. Su, S. Feth, M. P. Volz, R. Mathyi, M. A. George, K. Chattopadhyay, A. Burger, and S. L. Lehoczky, "Vapor growth and characterization of Cr-doped ZnSe crystals," J. Crystal Growth 207, 35-42 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chen, K. T.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, A. Burger, "Cr2+-doped zinc chalcogenides as efficient, widely tunable mid-infrared lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33/4, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chen, R. J.

Davis, V. R.

DeLoach, L. D.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, A. Burger, "Cr2+-doped zinc chalcogenides as efficient, widely tunable mid-infrared lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33/4, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, "Transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
[CrossRef]

DiLieto, A.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, V. Badikov, V. Panyutin, A. DiLieto, and M. Tonelli, "Continuous-wave tunable Cr2+:ZnS laser," Appl. Phys. B 74, 607-611 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fedorov, V. V.

C. Kim, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev, and S. B. Mirov. "Mid-IR Luminescence of nanocrystalline II-VI semiconductors doped with transition metal ions," J. Spectrosc. 22, 32-37 (2007).

V. V. Fedorov, S. B. Mirov, A. Gallian, D. V. Badikov, M. P. Frolov, Y. V. Korostelin, V. I. Kozlovsky, A. I. Landman, Y. P. Podmar’kov, V. A. Akimov, and A. A. Voronov, "3.77-5.05-µm Tunable Solid-State Lasers Based on Fe2+-Doped ZnSe Crystals Operating at Low and Room Temperatures," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 907-917 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Gallian, V. V. Fedorov, S. B. Mirov, V. V. Badikov, S. N. Galkin, E. F. Voronkin, and A. I. Lalayants, "Hot-pressed ceramic Cr2+:ZnSe gain-switched laser," Opt. Express 14, 11694-11701 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kernal, V. V. Fedorov, A. Gallian, S. B. Mirov, and V. Badikov, "3.9-4.8 µm gain-switched lasing of Fe:ZnSe at room temperature," Opt. Express 13, 10608-10615 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, K. Graham, I. S. Moskalev, I. T. Sorokina and E. Sorokin, V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, V. V. Badikov, and V. Panyutin, Diode and fibre pumped Cr2+:ZnS mid-infrared external cavity and microchip lasers," IEE Optoelectronics 150, 340 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, V. Badikov, V. Panyutin, A. DiLieto, and M. Tonelli, "Continuous-wave tunable Cr2+:ZnS laser," Appl. Phys. B 74, 607-611 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, K. Graham, I. S. Moskalev, V. V. Badikov, and V. Panyutin, "Erbium fiber laser-pumped continuous-wave microchip Cr2+:ZnS and Cr2+:ZnSe lasers," Opt. Lett. 27, 909 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Feng, Y.

Y. Feng, J.-F. Bisson, J. Lu, S. Huang, K. Takaichi, A. Shirakawa, M. Musha, and K.-I. Ueda, "Thermal effects in quasi-continuous-wave Nd3+:Y3Al5O12 nanocrystalline-powder random laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1040-1042 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Feth, S.

C.-H. Su, S. Feth, M. P. Volz, R. Mathyi, M. A. George, K. Chattopadhyay, A. Burger, and S. L. Lehoczky, "Vapor growth and characterization of Cr-doped ZnSe crystals," J. Crystal Growth 207, 35-42 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Frolov, M. P.

V. V. Fedorov, S. B. Mirov, A. Gallian, D. V. Badikov, M. P. Frolov, Y. V. Korostelin, V. I. Kozlovsky, A. I. Landman, Y. P. Podmar’kov, V. A. Akimov, and A. A. Voronov, "3.77-5.05-µm Tunable Solid-State Lasers Based on Fe2+-Doped ZnSe Crystals Operating at Low and Room Temperatures," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 907-917 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Galkin, S. N.

Gallian, A.

A. Gallian, V. V. Fedorov, S. B. Mirov, V. V. Badikov, S. N. Galkin, E. F. Voronkin, and A. I. Lalayants, "Hot-pressed ceramic Cr2+:ZnSe gain-switched laser," Opt. Express 14, 11694-11701 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. V. Fedorov, S. B. Mirov, A. Gallian, D. V. Badikov, M. P. Frolov, Y. V. Korostelin, V. I. Kozlovsky, A. I. Landman, Y. P. Podmar’kov, V. A. Akimov, and A. A. Voronov, "3.77-5.05-µm Tunable Solid-State Lasers Based on Fe2+-Doped ZnSe Crystals Operating at Low and Room Temperatures," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 907-917 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Kernal, V. V. Fedorov, A. Gallian, S. B. Mirov, and V. Badikov, "3.9-4.8 µm gain-switched lasing of Fe:ZnSe at room temperature," Opt. Express 13, 10608-10615 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gapontsev, D.

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, K. Graham, I. S. Moskalev, I. T. Sorokina and E. Sorokin, V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, V. V. Badikov, and V. Panyutin, Diode and fibre pumped Cr2+:ZnS mid-infrared external cavity and microchip lasers," IEE Optoelectronics 150, 340 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gapontsev, V.

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, K. Graham, I. S. Moskalev, I. T. Sorokina and E. Sorokin, V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, V. V. Badikov, and V. Panyutin, Diode and fibre pumped Cr2+:ZnS mid-infrared external cavity and microchip lasers," IEE Optoelectronics 150, 340 (2003).
[CrossRef]

George, M. A.

C.-H. Su, S. Feth, M. P. Volz, R. Mathyi, M. A. George, K. Chattopadhyay, A. Burger, and S. L. Lehoczky, "Vapor growth and characterization of Cr-doped ZnSe crystals," J. Crystal Growth 207, 35-42 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gomez, A. S. L.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balanchandran, A. S. L. Gomez, and E. Sauvain, "Laser action in strongly scattering media," Nature 368, 436(1994).
[CrossRef]

Graham, K.

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, K. Graham, I. S. Moskalev, I. T. Sorokina and E. Sorokin, V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, V. V. Badikov, and V. Panyutin, Diode and fibre pumped Cr2+:ZnS mid-infrared external cavity and microchip lasers," IEE Optoelectronics 150, 340 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, K. Graham, I. S. Moskalev, V. V. Badikov, and V. Panyutin, "Erbium fiber laser-pumped continuous-wave microchip Cr2+:ZnS and Cr2+:ZnSe lasers," Opt. Lett. 27, 909 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Grasza, K.

Ho, S. T.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, "Random Laser Action in Semiconductor Powder," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hommerich, U.

Huang, S.

Y. Feng, J.-F. Bisson, J. Lu, S. Huang, K. Takaichi, A. Shirakawa, M. Musha, and K.-I. Ueda, "Thermal effects in quasi-continuous-wave Nd3+:Y3Al5O12 nanocrystalline-powder random laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1040-1042 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kernal, J.

Kim, C.

C. Kim, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev, and S. B. Mirov. "Mid-IR Luminescence of nanocrystalline II-VI semiconductors doped with transition metal ions," J. Spectrosc. 22, 32-37 (2007).

Korostelin, Y. V.

V. V. Fedorov, S. B. Mirov, A. Gallian, D. V. Badikov, M. P. Frolov, Y. V. Korostelin, V. I. Kozlovsky, A. I. Landman, Y. P. Podmar’kov, V. A. Akimov, and A. A. Voronov, "3.77-5.05-µm Tunable Solid-State Lasers Based on Fe2+-Doped ZnSe Crystals Operating at Low and Room Temperatures," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 907-917 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kozlovsky, V. I.

V. V. Fedorov, S. B. Mirov, A. Gallian, D. V. Badikov, M. P. Frolov, Y. V. Korostelin, V. I. Kozlovsky, A. I. Landman, Y. P. Podmar’kov, V. A. Akimov, and A. A. Voronov, "3.77-5.05-µm Tunable Solid-State Lasers Based on Fe2+-Doped ZnSe Crystals Operating at Low and Room Temperatures," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 907-917 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Krupke, W. F.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, A. Burger, "Cr2+-doped zinc chalcogenides as efficient, widely tunable mid-infrared lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33/4, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, "Transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kuleshov, N. V.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, G. Zhu, and M. A. Noginov, "Room-temperature lasing in nanocrystalline Cr2+:ZnSe random laser," OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics, Advanced Solid-State Photonics 94, 376-380 (2004).

Kutcher, S.

Lalayants, A. I.

Landman, A. I.

V. V. Fedorov, S. B. Mirov, A. Gallian, D. V. Badikov, M. P. Frolov, Y. V. Korostelin, V. I. Kozlovsky, A. I. Landman, Y. P. Podmar’kov, V. A. Akimov, and A. A. Voronov, "3.77-5.05-µm Tunable Solid-State Lasers Based on Fe2+-Doped ZnSe Crystals Operating at Low and Room Temperatures," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 907-917 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lawandy, N. M.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balanchandran, A. S. L. Gomez, and E. Sauvain, "Laser action in strongly scattering media," Nature 368, 436(1994).
[CrossRef]

Lehoczky, S. L.

C.-H. Su, S. Feth, M. P. Volz, R. Mathyi, M. A. George, K. Chattopadhyay, A. Burger, and S. L. Lehoczky, "Vapor growth and characterization of Cr-doped ZnSe crystals," J. Crystal Growth 207, 35-42 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lu, J.

Y. Feng, J.-F. Bisson, J. Lu, S. Huang, K. Takaichi, A. Shirakawa, M. Musha, and K.-I. Ueda, "Thermal effects in quasi-continuous-wave Nd3+:Y3Al5O12 nanocrystalline-powder random laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1040-1042 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Markushev, V. M.

V. M. Markushev, V. F. Zolin, and Ch. M. Briskina, "Luminescence and stimulated emission of neodymium in sodium lanthanum molybdate powders," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 281-283 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Martyshkin, D. V.

C. Kim, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev, and S. B. Mirov. "Mid-IR Luminescence of nanocrystalline II-VI semiconductors doped with transition metal ions," J. Spectrosc. 22, 32-37 (2007).

Mathyi, R.

C.-H. Su, S. Feth, M. P. Volz, R. Mathyi, M. A. George, K. Chattopadhyay, A. Burger, and S. L. Lehoczky, "Vapor growth and characterization of Cr-doped ZnSe crystals," J. Crystal Growth 207, 35-42 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mirov, S. B.

C. Kim, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev, and S. B. Mirov. "Mid-IR Luminescence of nanocrystalline II-VI semiconductors doped with transition metal ions," J. Spectrosc. 22, 32-37 (2007).

V. V. Fedorov, S. B. Mirov, A. Gallian, D. V. Badikov, M. P. Frolov, Y. V. Korostelin, V. I. Kozlovsky, A. I. Landman, Y. P. Podmar’kov, V. A. Akimov, and A. A. Voronov, "3.77-5.05-µm Tunable Solid-State Lasers Based on Fe2+-Doped ZnSe Crystals Operating at Low and Room Temperatures," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 907-917 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Gallian, V. V. Fedorov, S. B. Mirov, V. V. Badikov, S. N. Galkin, E. F. Voronkin, and A. I. Lalayants, "Hot-pressed ceramic Cr2+:ZnSe gain-switched laser," Opt. Express 14, 11694-11701 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kernal, V. V. Fedorov, A. Gallian, S. B. Mirov, and V. Badikov, "3.9-4.8 µm gain-switched lasing of Fe:ZnSe at room temperature," Opt. Express 13, 10608-10615 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, K. Graham, I. S. Moskalev, I. T. Sorokina and E. Sorokin, V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, V. V. Badikov, and V. Panyutin, Diode and fibre pumped Cr2+:ZnS mid-infrared external cavity and microchip lasers," IEE Optoelectronics 150, 340 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, V. Badikov, V. Panyutin, A. DiLieto, and M. Tonelli, "Continuous-wave tunable Cr2+:ZnS laser," Appl. Phys. B 74, 607-611 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, K. Graham, I. S. Moskalev, V. V. Badikov, and V. Panyutin, "Erbium fiber laser-pumped continuous-wave microchip Cr2+:ZnS and Cr2+:ZnSe lasers," Opt. Lett. 27, 909 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Moskalev, I. S.

C. Kim, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev, and S. B. Mirov. "Mid-IR Luminescence of nanocrystalline II-VI semiconductors doped with transition metal ions," J. Spectrosc. 22, 32-37 (2007).

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, K. Graham, I. S. Moskalev, I. T. Sorokina and E. Sorokin, V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, V. V. Badikov, and V. Panyutin, Diode and fibre pumped Cr2+:ZnS mid-infrared external cavity and microchip lasers," IEE Optoelectronics 150, 340 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, K. Graham, I. S. Moskalev, V. V. Badikov, and V. Panyutin, "Erbium fiber laser-pumped continuous-wave microchip Cr2+:ZnS and Cr2+:ZnSe lasers," Opt. Lett. 27, 909 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mujumdar, S.

S. Mujumdar, M. Ricci, R. Torre, and D. S. Wiersma, "Amplified extended modes in random lasers," Phys Rev. Lett. 93, 053903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Musha, M.

Y. Feng, J.-F. Bisson, J. Lu, S. Huang, K. Takaichi, A. Shirakawa, M. Musha, and K.-I. Ueda, "Thermal effects in quasi-continuous-wave Nd3+:Y3Al5O12 nanocrystalline-powder random laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1040-1042 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Naumov, S.

E. Sorokin, S. Naumov, and I. T. Sorokina, "Ultrabroadband infrared solid-state laser," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 690-712 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ndap, J.-O.

J.-O. Ndap, K. Chattopadhyay, O. O. Adetunji, D. E. Zelmon, and A. Burger, "Thermal diffusion of Cr2+ in bulk ZnSe," J. Crystal Growth 240, 176 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Noginov, M. A.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, G. Zhu, and M. A. Noginov, "Room-temperature lasing in nanocrystalline Cr2+:ZnSe random laser," OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics, Advanced Solid-State Photonics 94, 376-380 (2004).

Page, R. H.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, A. Burger, "Cr2+-doped zinc chalcogenides as efficient, widely tunable mid-infrared lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33/4, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, "Transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Panyutin, V.

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, K. Graham, I. S. Moskalev, I. T. Sorokina and E. Sorokin, V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, V. V. Badikov, and V. Panyutin, Diode and fibre pumped Cr2+:ZnS mid-infrared external cavity and microchip lasers," IEE Optoelectronics 150, 340 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, V. Badikov, V. Panyutin, A. DiLieto, and M. Tonelli, "Continuous-wave tunable Cr2+:ZnS laser," Appl. Phys. B 74, 607-611 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, K. Graham, I. S. Moskalev, V. V. Badikov, and V. Panyutin, "Erbium fiber laser-pumped continuous-wave microchip Cr2+:ZnS and Cr2+:ZnSe lasers," Opt. Lett. 27, 909 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Patel, F. D.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, A. Burger, "Cr2+-doped zinc chalcogenides as efficient, widely tunable mid-infrared lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33/4, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Payne, S. A.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, A. Burger, "Cr2+-doped zinc chalcogenides as efficient, widely tunable mid-infrared lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33/4, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, "Transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Podmar’kov, Y. P.

V. V. Fedorov, S. B. Mirov, A. Gallian, D. V. Badikov, M. P. Frolov, Y. V. Korostelin, V. I. Kozlovsky, A. I. Landman, Y. P. Podmar’kov, V. A. Akimov, and A. A. Voronov, "3.77-5.05-µm Tunable Solid-State Lasers Based on Fe2+-Doped ZnSe Crystals Operating at Low and Room Temperatures," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 907-917 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ricci, M.

S. Mujumdar, M. Ricci, R. Torre, and D. S. Wiersma, "Amplified extended modes in random lasers," Phys Rev. Lett. 93, 053903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sauvain, E.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balanchandran, A. S. L. Gomez, and E. Sauvain, "Laser action in strongly scattering media," Nature 368, 436(1994).
[CrossRef]

Schaffers, K. I.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, A. Burger, "Cr2+-doped zinc chalcogenides as efficient, widely tunable mid-infrared lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33/4, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Seelig, E. W.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, "Random Laser Action in Semiconductor Powder," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shcherbitsky, V. G.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, G. Zhu, and M. A. Noginov, "Room-temperature lasing in nanocrystalline Cr2+:ZnSe random laser," OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics, Advanced Solid-State Photonics 94, 376-380 (2004).

Shirakawa, A.

Y. Feng, J.-F. Bisson, J. Lu, S. Huang, K. Takaichi, A. Shirakawa, M. Musha, and K.-I. Ueda, "Thermal effects in quasi-continuous-wave Nd3+:Y3Al5O12 nanocrystalline-powder random laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1040-1042 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sorokin, E.

E. Sorokin, S. Naumov, and I. T. Sorokina, "Ultrabroadband infrared solid-state laser," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 690-712 (2005).
[CrossRef]

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, G. Zhu, and M. A. Noginov, "Room-temperature lasing in nanocrystalline Cr2+:ZnSe random laser," OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics, Advanced Solid-State Photonics 94, 376-380 (2004).

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, K. Graham, I. S. Moskalev, I. T. Sorokina and E. Sorokin, V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, V. V. Badikov, and V. Panyutin, Diode and fibre pumped Cr2+:ZnS mid-infrared external cavity and microchip lasers," IEE Optoelectronics 150, 340 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, V. Badikov, V. Panyutin, A. DiLieto, and M. Tonelli, "Continuous-wave tunable Cr2+:ZnS laser," Appl. Phys. B 74, 607-611 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sorokina, I. T.

E. Sorokin, S. Naumov, and I. T. Sorokina, "Ultrabroadband infrared solid-state laser," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 690-712 (2005).
[CrossRef]

I. T. Sorokina, "Cr2+ -doped II-IV materials for lasers and nonlinear optics," Opt. Mater. 26, 395-412 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, G. Zhu, and M. A. Noginov, "Room-temperature lasing in nanocrystalline Cr2+:ZnSe random laser," OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics, Advanced Solid-State Photonics 94, 376-380 (2004).

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, K. Graham, I. S. Moskalev, I. T. Sorokina and E. Sorokin, V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, V. V. Badikov, and V. Panyutin, Diode and fibre pumped Cr2+:ZnS mid-infrared external cavity and microchip lasers," IEE Optoelectronics 150, 340 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, V. Badikov, V. Panyutin, A. DiLieto, and M. Tonelli, "Continuous-wave tunable Cr2+:ZnS laser," Appl. Phys. B 74, 607-611 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Su, C.-H.

C.-H. Su, S. Feth, M. P. Volz, R. Mathyi, M. A. George, K. Chattopadhyay, A. Burger, and S. L. Lehoczky, "Vapor growth and characterization of Cr-doped ZnSe crystals," J. Crystal Growth 207, 35-42 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Takaichi, K.

Y. Feng, J.-F. Bisson, J. Lu, S. Huang, K. Takaichi, A. Shirakawa, M. Musha, and K.-I. Ueda, "Thermal effects in quasi-continuous-wave Nd3+:Y3Al5O12 nanocrystalline-powder random laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1040-1042 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tassano, J. B.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, A. Burger, "Cr2+-doped zinc chalcogenides as efficient, widely tunable mid-infrared lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33/4, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tonelli, M.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, V. Badikov, V. Panyutin, A. DiLieto, and M. Tonelli, "Continuous-wave tunable Cr2+:ZnS laser," Appl. Phys. B 74, 607-611 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Torre, R.

S. Mujumdar, M. Ricci, R. Torre, and D. S. Wiersma, "Amplified extended modes in random lasers," Phys Rev. Lett. 93, 053903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Trivedi, S. B.

Ueda, K.-I.

Y. Feng, J.-F. Bisson, J. Lu, S. Huang, K. Takaichi, A. Shirakawa, M. Musha, and K.-I. Ueda, "Thermal effects in quasi-continuous-wave Nd3+:Y3Al5O12 nanocrystalline-powder random laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1040-1042 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Volz, M. P.

C.-H. Su, S. Feth, M. P. Volz, R. Mathyi, M. A. George, K. Chattopadhyay, A. Burger, and S. L. Lehoczky, "Vapor growth and characterization of Cr-doped ZnSe crystals," J. Crystal Growth 207, 35-42 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Voronkin, E. F.

Voronov, A. A.

V. V. Fedorov, S. B. Mirov, A. Gallian, D. V. Badikov, M. P. Frolov, Y. V. Korostelin, V. I. Kozlovsky, A. I. Landman, Y. P. Podmar’kov, V. A. Akimov, and A. A. Voronov, "3.77-5.05-µm Tunable Solid-State Lasers Based on Fe2+-Doped ZnSe Crystals Operating at Low and Room Temperatures," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 907-917 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q. H.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, "Random Laser Action in Semiconductor Powder," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wiersma, D. S.

S. Mujumdar, M. Ricci, R. Torre, and D. S. Wiersma, "Amplified extended modes in random lasers," Phys Rev. Lett. 93, 053903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. S. Wiersma and S. Cavalieri, "A temperature tunable random laser," Nature 414, 708-709 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wilke, G. D.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, A. Burger, "Cr2+-doped zinc chalcogenides as efficient, widely tunable mid-infrared lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33/4, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, "Transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wu, X.

Zelmon, D. E.

J.-O. Ndap, K. Chattopadhyay, O. O. Adetunji, D. E. Zelmon, and A. Burger, "Thermal diffusion of Cr2+ in bulk ZnSe," J. Crystal Growth 240, 176 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y. G.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, "Random Laser Action in Semiconductor Powder," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, G.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, G. Zhu, and M. A. Noginov, "Room-temperature lasing in nanocrystalline Cr2+:ZnSe random laser," OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics, Advanced Solid-State Photonics 94, 376-380 (2004).

Zolin, V. F.

V. M. Markushev, V. F. Zolin, and Ch. M. Briskina, "Luminescence and stimulated emission of neodymium in sodium lanthanum molybdate powders," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 281-283 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Advanced Solid-State Photonics

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, G. Zhu, and M. A. Noginov, "Room-temperature lasing in nanocrystalline Cr2+:ZnSe random laser," OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics, Advanced Solid-State Photonics 94, 376-380 (2004).

Appl. Phys. B

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Microscopic images of the Cr2+:ZnSe powders with 10 µm (A) and 1 µm (B) average sizes.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

XRD diffraction pattern of Cr2+:ZnSe powder.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experimental setup for kinetic and luminescence measurements. (1) Acton Research Spectra-Pro 300i Spectrograph, (2) Digital Phosphor Oscilloscope, (3) boxcar-averager, (4) computer, (5) InSb detector.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Cr2+:ZnSe powder PL kinetics for different pump energies. (A) ~10 µm size (i) 0.3 mJ, (ii) 0.5 mJ, (iii) 0.7 mJ, (iv) 1.0 mJ, and (v) 1.2 mJ; (B) ~1 µm size (i) 2 mJ, (ii) 3 mJ, (iii) 5 mJ, (iv) 6 mJ, and (v) 7 mJ (excitation wavelength 1564 nm, pump spot diameter 2.9 mm). (C), (D) are logarithmic plots of ii and v kinetics of luminescence under 1564 nm excitation for 10 and 1 µm size powders, respectively.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Output emission intensity versus pump energy for Cr2+:ZnSe (i) ~10 µm, (ii) ~1 µm powder at RT (excitation wavelength 1560 nm, pump spot diameter 2.9 mm).

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

RT emission spectra of Cr2+:ZnSe powder for different pump energies (A) ~10 µm size powder, (i) 0.3 mJ, (ii) 0.5 mJ, and (iii) 1.2 mJ; (B) ~1 µm size powder, (i) 2 mJ, (ii) 3 mJ and (iii) 5 mJ. (C) Comparison of normalized RT emissions spectra of (i) 1 µm and (ii) 10 µm size Cr2+:ZnSe powders (excitation wavelength 1560 nm, pump spot diameter 2.9 mm).

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

RT emission spectra of 10 mg, 10 µm grain size Cr2+:ZnSe powder for different pump energies: (i) 0.7 mJ, (ii) 1 mJ and (iii) 2 mJ (excitation wavelength 1560 nm, pump spot diameter 2.9 mm, powder sample is placed on the surface of a microscopic glass).

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