Abstract

The authors use a quantum well intersubband photodetector fabricated into a two dimensional photonic crystal to investigate the optical defect modes of a single missing hole defect. The modes appear as a local enhancement in spectral photocurrent due to an increased in-coupling of surface incident light when a defect mode is present. The frequencies of these localized modes are tracked as they are varied by the defect geometry and compared to simulations.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  2. Y. Tanaka, Y. Sugimoto, N. Ikeda, H. Nakamura, K. Kanamoto, K. Asakawa, and K. Inoue, "Design, fabrication, and characterization of a two-dimensional photonic-crystal symmetric Mach-Zehnder interferometer for optical integrated circuits," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 141104 (2005).
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  5. P. Russell, "Photonic Crystal Fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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2007 (1)

S. Golka, S. Schartner, W. Schrenk, and G. Strasser, "Low bias reactive ion etching of GaAs with a SiCl4/N2/O2 time-multiplexed process," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 25, 839-844 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

S. Schartner, S. Golka, C. Pflügl, W. Schrenk, A. M. Andrews, T. Roch, and G. Strasser, "Band structure mapping in photonic crystal intersubband detectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 151107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

Y. Tanaka, Y. Sugimoto, N. Ikeda, H. Nakamura, K. Kanamoto, K. Asakawa, and K. Inoue, "Design, fabrication, and characterization of a two-dimensional photonic-crystal symmetric Mach-Zehnder interferometer for optical integrated circuits," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 141104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. Viasnoff-Schwoob, C. Weisbuch, H. Benisty, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, G. H. Duan, L. Legouezigou, O. Zegouezigou, F. Pommereau, S. Golka, H. Heidrich, H. J. Hensel, and K. Janiak, "Compact wavelength monitoring by lateral outcoupling in wedged photonic crystal multimode waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 101107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

H. G. Park, S. H. Kim, S. H. Kwon, Y. G. Ju, J. K. Yang, J. H. Baek, S. B. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, "Electrically Driven Single-Cell Photonic Crystal Laser," Science 305, 1444-1447 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Wu, A. Yamilov, X. Liu, S. Li, V. P. Dravid, R. P. H. Chang, and H. Cao, "Ultraviolet photonic crystal laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3657-3659 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

R. Colombelli, K. Srinivasan, M. Troccoli, O. Painter, C. Gmachl, D. M. Tennant, A. M. Sergent, D. I. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, and F. Capasso, "Quantum Cascade Surface-Emitting Photonic Crystal Laser," Science 302, 1374-1377 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. D. Happ, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, J. L. Gentner, and L. Goldstein, "Two-dimensional photonic crystal coupled-defect laser diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4-6 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Russell, "Photonic Crystal Fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

W. Schrenk, N. Finger, S. Gianordoli, L. Hvozdara, G. Strasser, and E. Gornik, "Surface-emitting distributed feedback quantum-cascade lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2086-2088 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (4)

V. N. Astratov, D. M. Whittaker, I. S. Culshaw, R. M. Stevenson, M. S. Skolnick, T. F. Krauss, and R. M. De-La-Rue, "Photonic band-structure effects in the reflectivity of periodically patterned waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 60, R16255-R16258 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Sirtori, P. Kruck, S. Barbieri, H. Page, J. Nagle, M. Beck, J. Faist, and U. Oesterle, "Low-loss Al-free waveguides for unipolar semiconductor lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3911-3913 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Hofstetter, J. Faist, M. Beck, and U. Oesterle, "Surface-emitting 10.1 µm quantum-cascade distributed feedback lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3769-3771 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O'Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, "Two-Dimensional Photonic Band-Gap Defect-Mode Laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

J. D. Joannopoulos, P. R. Villeneuve, and F. Shanhui, "Photonic Crystals," Nature 386, 165-173 (1997).

1991 (1)

J. Y. Andersson and L. Lundquist, "Near-unity quantum efficiency of AIGaAs/GaAs quantum well infrareddetectors using a waveguide with a doubly periodic grating coupler," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 857-859 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Andersson, J. Y.

J. Y. Andersson and L. Lundquist, "Near-unity quantum efficiency of AIGaAs/GaAs quantum well infrareddetectors using a waveguide with a doubly periodic grating coupler," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 857-859 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Andrews, A. M.

S. Schartner, S. Golka, C. Pflügl, W. Schrenk, A. M. Andrews, T. Roch, and G. Strasser, "Band structure mapping in photonic crystal intersubband detectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 151107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Asakawa, K.

Y. Tanaka, Y. Sugimoto, N. Ikeda, H. Nakamura, K. Kanamoto, K. Asakawa, and K. Inoue, "Design, fabrication, and characterization of a two-dimensional photonic-crystal symmetric Mach-Zehnder interferometer for optical integrated circuits," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 141104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Astratov, V. N.

V. N. Astratov, D. M. Whittaker, I. S. Culshaw, R. M. Stevenson, M. S. Skolnick, T. F. Krauss, and R. M. De-La-Rue, "Photonic band-structure effects in the reflectivity of periodically patterned waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 60, R16255-R16258 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Baek, J. H.

H. G. Park, S. H. Kim, S. H. Kwon, Y. G. Ju, J. K. Yang, J. H. Baek, S. B. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, "Electrically Driven Single-Cell Photonic Crystal Laser," Science 305, 1444-1447 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barbieri, S.

C. Sirtori, P. Kruck, S. Barbieri, H. Page, J. Nagle, M. Beck, J. Faist, and U. Oesterle, "Low-loss Al-free waveguides for unipolar semiconductor lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3911-3913 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Beck, M.

C. Sirtori, P. Kruck, S. Barbieri, H. Page, J. Nagle, M. Beck, J. Faist, and U. Oesterle, "Low-loss Al-free waveguides for unipolar semiconductor lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3911-3913 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Hofstetter, J. Faist, M. Beck, and U. Oesterle, "Surface-emitting 10.1 µm quantum-cascade distributed feedback lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3769-3771 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Benisty, H.

E. Viasnoff-Schwoob, C. Weisbuch, H. Benisty, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, G. H. Duan, L. Legouezigou, O. Zegouezigou, F. Pommereau, S. Golka, H. Heidrich, H. J. Hensel, and K. Janiak, "Compact wavelength monitoring by lateral outcoupling in wedged photonic crystal multimode waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 101107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cao, H.

X. Wu, A. Yamilov, X. Liu, S. Li, V. P. Dravid, R. P. H. Chang, and H. Cao, "Ultraviolet photonic crystal laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3657-3659 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Capasso, F.

R. Colombelli, K. Srinivasan, M. Troccoli, O. Painter, C. Gmachl, D. M. Tennant, A. M. Sergent, D. I. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, and F. Capasso, "Quantum Cascade Surface-Emitting Photonic Crystal Laser," Science 302, 1374-1377 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Sirtori, C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, J. Faist, D. I. Sivco, A. L. Hutchinson, and A. Y. Cho, "Long-wavelength (λ ≈ 8-11.5 µm) semiconductor lasers with waveguides based on surface plasmons," Opt. Lett. 23, 1366-1368 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chang, R. P. H.

X. Wu, A. Yamilov, X. Liu, S. Li, V. P. Dravid, R. P. H. Chang, and H. Cao, "Ultraviolet photonic crystal laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3657-3659 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cho, A. Y.

R. Colombelli, K. Srinivasan, M. Troccoli, O. Painter, C. Gmachl, D. M. Tennant, A. M. Sergent, D. I. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, and F. Capasso, "Quantum Cascade Surface-Emitting Photonic Crystal Laser," Science 302, 1374-1377 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Sirtori, C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, J. Faist, D. I. Sivco, A. L. Hutchinson, and A. Y. Cho, "Long-wavelength (λ ≈ 8-11.5 µm) semiconductor lasers with waveguides based on surface plasmons," Opt. Lett. 23, 1366-1368 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Colombelli, R.

R. Colombelli, K. Srinivasan, M. Troccoli, O. Painter, C. Gmachl, D. M. Tennant, A. M. Sergent, D. I. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, and F. Capasso, "Quantum Cascade Surface-Emitting Photonic Crystal Laser," Science 302, 1374-1377 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cuisin, C.

E. Viasnoff-Schwoob, C. Weisbuch, H. Benisty, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, G. H. Duan, L. Legouezigou, O. Zegouezigou, F. Pommereau, S. Golka, H. Heidrich, H. J. Hensel, and K. Janiak, "Compact wavelength monitoring by lateral outcoupling in wedged photonic crystal multimode waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 101107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Culshaw, I. S.

V. N. Astratov, D. M. Whittaker, I. S. Culshaw, R. M. Stevenson, M. S. Skolnick, T. F. Krauss, and R. M. De-La-Rue, "Photonic band-structure effects in the reflectivity of periodically patterned waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 60, R16255-R16258 (1999).
[CrossRef]

De-La-Rue, R. M.

V. N. Astratov, D. M. Whittaker, I. S. Culshaw, R. M. Stevenson, M. S. Skolnick, T. F. Krauss, and R. M. De-La-Rue, "Photonic band-structure effects in the reflectivity of periodically patterned waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 60, R16255-R16258 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Derouin, E.

E. Viasnoff-Schwoob, C. Weisbuch, H. Benisty, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, G. H. Duan, L. Legouezigou, O. Zegouezigou, F. Pommereau, S. Golka, H. Heidrich, H. J. Hensel, and K. Janiak, "Compact wavelength monitoring by lateral outcoupling in wedged photonic crystal multimode waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 101107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dravid, V. P.

X. Wu, A. Yamilov, X. Liu, S. Li, V. P. Dravid, R. P. H. Chang, and H. Cao, "Ultraviolet photonic crystal laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3657-3659 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Drisse, O.

E. Viasnoff-Schwoob, C. Weisbuch, H. Benisty, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, G. H. Duan, L. Legouezigou, O. Zegouezigou, F. Pommereau, S. Golka, H. Heidrich, H. J. Hensel, and K. Janiak, "Compact wavelength monitoring by lateral outcoupling in wedged photonic crystal multimode waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 101107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Duan, G. H.

E. Viasnoff-Schwoob, C. Weisbuch, H. Benisty, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, G. H. Duan, L. Legouezigou, O. Zegouezigou, F. Pommereau, S. Golka, H. Heidrich, H. J. Hensel, and K. Janiak, "Compact wavelength monitoring by lateral outcoupling in wedged photonic crystal multimode waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 101107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Faist, J.

D. Hofstetter, J. Faist, M. Beck, and U. Oesterle, "Surface-emitting 10.1 µm quantum-cascade distributed feedback lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3769-3771 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Sirtori, P. Kruck, S. Barbieri, H. Page, J. Nagle, M. Beck, J. Faist, and U. Oesterle, "Low-loss Al-free waveguides for unipolar semiconductor lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3911-3913 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Sirtori, C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, J. Faist, D. I. Sivco, A. L. Hutchinson, and A. Y. Cho, "Long-wavelength (λ ≈ 8-11.5 µm) semiconductor lasers with waveguides based on surface plasmons," Opt. Lett. 23, 1366-1368 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Finger, N.

W. Schrenk, N. Finger, S. Gianordoli, L. Hvozdara, G. Strasser, and E. Gornik, "Surface-emitting distributed feedback quantum-cascade lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2086-2088 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Forchel, A.

T. D. Happ, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, J. L. Gentner, and L. Goldstein, "Two-dimensional photonic crystal coupled-defect laser diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4-6 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gentner, J. L.

T. D. Happ, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, J. L. Gentner, and L. Goldstein, "Two-dimensional photonic crystal coupled-defect laser diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4-6 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gianordoli, S.

W. Schrenk, N. Finger, S. Gianordoli, L. Hvozdara, G. Strasser, and E. Gornik, "Surface-emitting distributed feedback quantum-cascade lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2086-2088 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gmachl, C.

R. Colombelli, K. Srinivasan, M. Troccoli, O. Painter, C. Gmachl, D. M. Tennant, A. M. Sergent, D. I. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, and F. Capasso, "Quantum Cascade Surface-Emitting Photonic Crystal Laser," Science 302, 1374-1377 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Sirtori, C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, J. Faist, D. I. Sivco, A. L. Hutchinson, and A. Y. Cho, "Long-wavelength (λ ≈ 8-11.5 µm) semiconductor lasers with waveguides based on surface plasmons," Opt. Lett. 23, 1366-1368 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Goldstein, L.

T. D. Happ, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, J. L. Gentner, and L. Goldstein, "Two-dimensional photonic crystal coupled-defect laser diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4-6 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Golka, S.

S. Golka, S. Schartner, W. Schrenk, and G. Strasser, "Low bias reactive ion etching of GaAs with a SiCl4/N2/O2 time-multiplexed process," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 25, 839-844 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Schartner, S. Golka, C. Pflügl, W. Schrenk, A. M. Andrews, T. Roch, and G. Strasser, "Band structure mapping in photonic crystal intersubband detectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 151107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Viasnoff-Schwoob, C. Weisbuch, H. Benisty, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, G. H. Duan, L. Legouezigou, O. Zegouezigou, F. Pommereau, S. Golka, H. Heidrich, H. J. Hensel, and K. Janiak, "Compact wavelength monitoring by lateral outcoupling in wedged photonic crystal multimode waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 101107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gornik, E.

W. Schrenk, N. Finger, S. Gianordoli, L. Hvozdara, G. Strasser, and E. Gornik, "Surface-emitting distributed feedback quantum-cascade lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2086-2088 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Happ, T. D.

T. D. Happ, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, J. L. Gentner, and L. Goldstein, "Two-dimensional photonic crystal coupled-defect laser diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4-6 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Heidrich, H.

E. Viasnoff-Schwoob, C. Weisbuch, H. Benisty, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, G. H. Duan, L. Legouezigou, O. Zegouezigou, F. Pommereau, S. Golka, H. Heidrich, H. J. Hensel, and K. Janiak, "Compact wavelength monitoring by lateral outcoupling in wedged photonic crystal multimode waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 101107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hensel, H. J.

E. Viasnoff-Schwoob, C. Weisbuch, H. Benisty, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, G. H. Duan, L. Legouezigou, O. Zegouezigou, F. Pommereau, S. Golka, H. Heidrich, H. J. Hensel, and K. Janiak, "Compact wavelength monitoring by lateral outcoupling in wedged photonic crystal multimode waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 101107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hofstetter, D.

D. Hofstetter, J. Faist, M. Beck, and U. Oesterle, "Surface-emitting 10.1 µm quantum-cascade distributed feedback lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3769-3771 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hutchinson, A. L.

Hvozdara, L.

W. Schrenk, N. Finger, S. Gianordoli, L. Hvozdara, G. Strasser, and E. Gornik, "Surface-emitting distributed feedback quantum-cascade lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2086-2088 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ikeda, N.

Y. Tanaka, Y. Sugimoto, N. Ikeda, H. Nakamura, K. Kanamoto, K. Asakawa, and K. Inoue, "Design, fabrication, and characterization of a two-dimensional photonic-crystal symmetric Mach-Zehnder interferometer for optical integrated circuits," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 141104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, K.

Y. Tanaka, Y. Sugimoto, N. Ikeda, H. Nakamura, K. Kanamoto, K. Asakawa, and K. Inoue, "Design, fabrication, and characterization of a two-dimensional photonic-crystal symmetric Mach-Zehnder interferometer for optical integrated circuits," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 141104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Janiak, K.

E. Viasnoff-Schwoob, C. Weisbuch, H. Benisty, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, G. H. Duan, L. Legouezigou, O. Zegouezigou, F. Pommereau, S. Golka, H. Heidrich, H. J. Hensel, and K. Janiak, "Compact wavelength monitoring by lateral outcoupling in wedged photonic crystal multimode waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 101107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

Johnson, S. G.

Ju, Y. G.

H. G. Park, S. H. Kim, S. H. Kwon, Y. G. Ju, J. K. Yang, J. H. Baek, S. B. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, "Electrically Driven Single-Cell Photonic Crystal Laser," Science 305, 1444-1447 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kamp, M.

T. D. Happ, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, J. L. Gentner, and L. Goldstein, "Two-dimensional photonic crystal coupled-defect laser diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4-6 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kanamoto, K.

Y. Tanaka, Y. Sugimoto, N. Ikeda, H. Nakamura, K. Kanamoto, K. Asakawa, and K. Inoue, "Design, fabrication, and characterization of a two-dimensional photonic-crystal symmetric Mach-Zehnder interferometer for optical integrated circuits," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 141104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. B.

H. G. Park, S. H. Kim, S. H. Kwon, Y. G. Ju, J. K. Yang, J. H. Baek, S. B. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, "Electrically Driven Single-Cell Photonic Crystal Laser," Science 305, 1444-1447 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, S. H.

H. G. Park, S. H. Kim, S. H. Kwon, Y. G. Ju, J. K. Yang, J. H. Baek, S. B. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, "Electrically Driven Single-Cell Photonic Crystal Laser," Science 305, 1444-1447 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krauss, T. F.

V. N. Astratov, D. M. Whittaker, I. S. Culshaw, R. M. Stevenson, M. S. Skolnick, T. F. Krauss, and R. M. De-La-Rue, "Photonic band-structure effects in the reflectivity of periodically patterned waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 60, R16255-R16258 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kruck, P.

C. Sirtori, P. Kruck, S. Barbieri, H. Page, J. Nagle, M. Beck, J. Faist, and U. Oesterle, "Low-loss Al-free waveguides for unipolar semiconductor lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3911-3913 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kwon, S. H.

H. G. Park, S. H. Kim, S. H. Kwon, Y. G. Ju, J. K. Yang, J. H. Baek, S. B. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, "Electrically Driven Single-Cell Photonic Crystal Laser," Science 305, 1444-1447 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, Y. H.

H. G. Park, S. H. Kim, S. H. Kwon, Y. G. Ju, J. K. Yang, J. H. Baek, S. B. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, "Electrically Driven Single-Cell Photonic Crystal Laser," Science 305, 1444-1447 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Legouezigou, L.

E. Viasnoff-Schwoob, C. Weisbuch, H. Benisty, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, G. H. Duan, L. Legouezigou, O. Zegouezigou, F. Pommereau, S. Golka, H. Heidrich, H. J. Hensel, and K. Janiak, "Compact wavelength monitoring by lateral outcoupling in wedged photonic crystal multimode waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 101107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Li, S.

X. Wu, A. Yamilov, X. Liu, S. Li, V. P. Dravid, R. P. H. Chang, and H. Cao, "Ultraviolet photonic crystal laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3657-3659 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

X. Wu, A. Yamilov, X. Liu, S. Li, V. P. Dravid, R. P. H. Chang, and H. Cao, "Ultraviolet photonic crystal laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3657-3659 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lundquist, L.

J. Y. Andersson and L. Lundquist, "Near-unity quantum efficiency of AIGaAs/GaAs quantum well infrareddetectors using a waveguide with a doubly periodic grating coupler," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 857-859 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Nagle, J.

C. Sirtori, P. Kruck, S. Barbieri, H. Page, J. Nagle, M. Beck, J. Faist, and U. Oesterle, "Low-loss Al-free waveguides for unipolar semiconductor lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3911-3913 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, H.

Y. Tanaka, Y. Sugimoto, N. Ikeda, H. Nakamura, K. Kanamoto, K. Asakawa, and K. Inoue, "Design, fabrication, and characterization of a two-dimensional photonic-crystal symmetric Mach-Zehnder interferometer for optical integrated circuits," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 141104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Oesterle, U.

D. Hofstetter, J. Faist, M. Beck, and U. Oesterle, "Surface-emitting 10.1 µm quantum-cascade distributed feedback lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3769-3771 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Sirtori, P. Kruck, S. Barbieri, H. Page, J. Nagle, M. Beck, J. Faist, and U. Oesterle, "Low-loss Al-free waveguides for unipolar semiconductor lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3911-3913 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Page, H.

C. Sirtori, P. Kruck, S. Barbieri, H. Page, J. Nagle, M. Beck, J. Faist, and U. Oesterle, "Low-loss Al-free waveguides for unipolar semiconductor lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3911-3913 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Painter,

Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O'Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, "Two-Dimensional Photonic Band-Gap Defect-Mode Laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Painter, O.

R. Colombelli, K. Srinivasan, M. Troccoli, O. Painter, C. Gmachl, D. M. Tennant, A. M. Sergent, D. I. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, and F. Capasso, "Quantum Cascade Surface-Emitting Photonic Crystal Laser," Science 302, 1374-1377 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, H. G.

H. G. Park, S. H. Kim, S. H. Kwon, Y. G. Ju, J. K. Yang, J. H. Baek, S. B. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, "Electrically Driven Single-Cell Photonic Crystal Laser," Science 305, 1444-1447 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pflügl, C.

S. Schartner, S. Golka, C. Pflügl, W. Schrenk, A. M. Andrews, T. Roch, and G. Strasser, "Band structure mapping in photonic crystal intersubband detectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 151107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pommereau, F.

E. Viasnoff-Schwoob, C. Weisbuch, H. Benisty, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, G. H. Duan, L. Legouezigou, O. Zegouezigou, F. Pommereau, S. Golka, H. Heidrich, H. J. Hensel, and K. Janiak, "Compact wavelength monitoring by lateral outcoupling in wedged photonic crystal multimode waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 101107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Roch, T.

S. Schartner, S. Golka, C. Pflügl, W. Schrenk, A. M. Andrews, T. Roch, and G. Strasser, "Band structure mapping in photonic crystal intersubband detectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 151107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P.

P. Russell, "Photonic Crystal Fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schartner, S.

S. Golka, S. Schartner, W. Schrenk, and G. Strasser, "Low bias reactive ion etching of GaAs with a SiCl4/N2/O2 time-multiplexed process," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 25, 839-844 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Schartner, S. Golka, C. Pflügl, W. Schrenk, A. M. Andrews, T. Roch, and G. Strasser, "Band structure mapping in photonic crystal intersubband detectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 151107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schrenk, W.

S. Golka, S. Schartner, W. Schrenk, and G. Strasser, "Low bias reactive ion etching of GaAs with a SiCl4/N2/O2 time-multiplexed process," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 25, 839-844 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Schartner, S. Golka, C. Pflügl, W. Schrenk, A. M. Andrews, T. Roch, and G. Strasser, "Band structure mapping in photonic crystal intersubband detectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 151107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Schrenk, N. Finger, S. Gianordoli, L. Hvozdara, G. Strasser, and E. Gornik, "Surface-emitting distributed feedback quantum-cascade lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2086-2088 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sergent, A. M.

R. Colombelli, K. Srinivasan, M. Troccoli, O. Painter, C. Gmachl, D. M. Tennant, A. M. Sergent, D. I. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, and F. Capasso, "Quantum Cascade Surface-Emitting Photonic Crystal Laser," Science 302, 1374-1377 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shanhui, F.

J. D. Joannopoulos, P. R. Villeneuve, and F. Shanhui, "Photonic Crystals," Nature 386, 165-173 (1997).

Sirtori, C.

C. Sirtori, P. Kruck, S. Barbieri, H. Page, J. Nagle, M. Beck, J. Faist, and U. Oesterle, "Low-loss Al-free waveguides for unipolar semiconductor lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3911-3913 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Sirtori, C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, J. Faist, D. I. Sivco, A. L. Hutchinson, and A. Y. Cho, "Long-wavelength (λ ≈ 8-11.5 µm) semiconductor lasers with waveguides based on surface plasmons," Opt. Lett. 23, 1366-1368 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sivco, D. I.

R. Colombelli, K. Srinivasan, M. Troccoli, O. Painter, C. Gmachl, D. M. Tennant, A. M. Sergent, D. I. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, and F. Capasso, "Quantum Cascade Surface-Emitting Photonic Crystal Laser," Science 302, 1374-1377 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Sirtori, C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, J. Faist, D. I. Sivco, A. L. Hutchinson, and A. Y. Cho, "Long-wavelength (λ ≈ 8-11.5 µm) semiconductor lasers with waveguides based on surface plasmons," Opt. Lett. 23, 1366-1368 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Skolnick, M. S.

V. N. Astratov, D. M. Whittaker, I. S. Culshaw, R. M. Stevenson, M. S. Skolnick, T. F. Krauss, and R. M. De-La-Rue, "Photonic band-structure effects in the reflectivity of periodically patterned waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 60, R16255-R16258 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Srinivasan, K.

R. Colombelli, K. Srinivasan, M. Troccoli, O. Painter, C. Gmachl, D. M. Tennant, A. M. Sergent, D. I. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, and F. Capasso, "Quantum Cascade Surface-Emitting Photonic Crystal Laser," Science 302, 1374-1377 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stevenson, R. M.

V. N. Astratov, D. M. Whittaker, I. S. Culshaw, R. M. Stevenson, M. S. Skolnick, T. F. Krauss, and R. M. De-La-Rue, "Photonic band-structure effects in the reflectivity of periodically patterned waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 60, R16255-R16258 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Strasser, G.

S. Golka, S. Schartner, W. Schrenk, and G. Strasser, "Low bias reactive ion etching of GaAs with a SiCl4/N2/O2 time-multiplexed process," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 25, 839-844 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Schartner, S. Golka, C. Pflügl, W. Schrenk, A. M. Andrews, T. Roch, and G. Strasser, "Band structure mapping in photonic crystal intersubband detectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 151107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Schrenk, N. Finger, S. Gianordoli, L. Hvozdara, G. Strasser, and E. Gornik, "Surface-emitting distributed feedback quantum-cascade lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2086-2088 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, Y.

Y. Tanaka, Y. Sugimoto, N. Ikeda, H. Nakamura, K. Kanamoto, K. Asakawa, and K. Inoue, "Design, fabrication, and characterization of a two-dimensional photonic-crystal symmetric Mach-Zehnder interferometer for optical integrated circuits," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 141104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, Y.

Y. Tanaka, Y. Sugimoto, N. Ikeda, H. Nakamura, K. Kanamoto, K. Asakawa, and K. Inoue, "Design, fabrication, and characterization of a two-dimensional photonic-crystal symmetric Mach-Zehnder interferometer for optical integrated circuits," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 141104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tennant, D. M.

R. Colombelli, K. Srinivasan, M. Troccoli, O. Painter, C. Gmachl, D. M. Tennant, A. M. Sergent, D. I. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, and F. Capasso, "Quantum Cascade Surface-Emitting Photonic Crystal Laser," Science 302, 1374-1377 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Troccoli, M.

R. Colombelli, K. Srinivasan, M. Troccoli, O. Painter, C. Gmachl, D. M. Tennant, A. M. Sergent, D. I. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, and F. Capasso, "Quantum Cascade Surface-Emitting Photonic Crystal Laser," Science 302, 1374-1377 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Viasnoff-Schwoob, E.

E. Viasnoff-Schwoob, C. Weisbuch, H. Benisty, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, G. H. Duan, L. Legouezigou, O. Zegouezigou, F. Pommereau, S. Golka, H. Heidrich, H. J. Hensel, and K. Janiak, "Compact wavelength monitoring by lateral outcoupling in wedged photonic crystal multimode waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 101107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Villeneuve, P. R.

J. D. Joannopoulos, P. R. Villeneuve, and F. Shanhui, "Photonic Crystals," Nature 386, 165-173 (1997).

Weisbuch, C.

E. Viasnoff-Schwoob, C. Weisbuch, H. Benisty, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, G. H. Duan, L. Legouezigou, O. Zegouezigou, F. Pommereau, S. Golka, H. Heidrich, H. J. Hensel, and K. Janiak, "Compact wavelength monitoring by lateral outcoupling in wedged photonic crystal multimode waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 101107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Whittaker, D. M.

V. N. Astratov, D. M. Whittaker, I. S. Culshaw, R. M. Stevenson, M. S. Skolnick, T. F. Krauss, and R. M. De-La-Rue, "Photonic band-structure effects in the reflectivity of periodically patterned waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 60, R16255-R16258 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wu, X.

X. Wu, A. Yamilov, X. Liu, S. Li, V. P. Dravid, R. P. H. Chang, and H. Cao, "Ultraviolet photonic crystal laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3657-3659 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yamilov, A.

X. Wu, A. Yamilov, X. Liu, S. Li, V. P. Dravid, R. P. H. Chang, and H. Cao, "Ultraviolet photonic crystal laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3657-3659 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J. K.

H. G. Park, S. H. Kim, S. H. Kwon, Y. G. Ju, J. K. Yang, J. H. Baek, S. B. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, "Electrically Driven Single-Cell Photonic Crystal Laser," Science 305, 1444-1447 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zegouezigou, O.

E. Viasnoff-Schwoob, C. Weisbuch, H. Benisty, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, G. H. Duan, L. Legouezigou, O. Zegouezigou, F. Pommereau, S. Golka, H. Heidrich, H. J. Hensel, and K. Janiak, "Compact wavelength monitoring by lateral outcoupling in wedged photonic crystal multimode waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 101107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (9)

E. Viasnoff-Schwoob, C. Weisbuch, H. Benisty, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, G. H. Duan, L. Legouezigou, O. Zegouezigou, F. Pommereau, S. Golka, H. Heidrich, H. J. Hensel, and K. Janiak, "Compact wavelength monitoring by lateral outcoupling in wedged photonic crystal multimode waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 101107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tanaka, Y. Sugimoto, N. Ikeda, H. Nakamura, K. Kanamoto, K. Asakawa, and K. Inoue, "Design, fabrication, and characterization of a two-dimensional photonic-crystal symmetric Mach-Zehnder interferometer for optical integrated circuits," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 141104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. D. Happ, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, J. L. Gentner, and L. Goldstein, "Two-dimensional photonic crystal coupled-defect laser diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4-6 (2003).
[CrossRef]

X. Wu, A. Yamilov, X. Liu, S. Li, V. P. Dravid, R. P. H. Chang, and H. Cao, "Ultraviolet photonic crystal laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3657-3659 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Andersson and L. Lundquist, "Near-unity quantum efficiency of AIGaAs/GaAs quantum well infrareddetectors using a waveguide with a doubly periodic grating coupler," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 857-859 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. Hofstetter, J. Faist, M. Beck, and U. Oesterle, "Surface-emitting 10.1 µm quantum-cascade distributed feedback lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3769-3771 (1999).
[CrossRef]

W. Schrenk, N. Finger, S. Gianordoli, L. Hvozdara, G. Strasser, and E. Gornik, "Surface-emitting distributed feedback quantum-cascade lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2086-2088 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Schartner, S. Golka, C. Pflügl, W. Schrenk, A. M. Andrews, T. Roch, and G. Strasser, "Band structure mapping in photonic crystal intersubband detectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 151107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Sirtori, P. Kruck, S. Barbieri, H. Page, J. Nagle, M. Beck, J. Faist, and U. Oesterle, "Low-loss Al-free waveguides for unipolar semiconductor lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3911-3913 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B (1)

S. Golka, S. Schartner, W. Schrenk, and G. Strasser, "Low bias reactive ion etching of GaAs with a SiCl4/N2/O2 time-multiplexed process," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 25, 839-844 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

J. D. Joannopoulos, P. R. Villeneuve, and F. Shanhui, "Photonic Crystals," Nature 386, 165-173 (1997).

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

V. N. Astratov, D. M. Whittaker, I. S. Culshaw, R. M. Stevenson, M. S. Skolnick, T. F. Krauss, and R. M. De-La-Rue, "Photonic band-structure effects in the reflectivity of periodically patterned waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 60, R16255-R16258 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Science (4)

R. Colombelli, K. Srinivasan, M. Troccoli, O. Painter, C. Gmachl, D. M. Tennant, A. M. Sergent, D. I. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, and F. Capasso, "Quantum Cascade Surface-Emitting Photonic Crystal Laser," Science 302, 1374-1377 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Russell, "Photonic Crystal Fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O'Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, "Two-Dimensional Photonic Band-Gap Defect-Mode Laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. G. Park, S. H. Kim, S. H. Kwon, Y. G. Ju, J. K. Yang, J. H. Baek, S. B. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, "Electrically Driven Single-Cell Photonic Crystal Laser," Science 305, 1444-1447 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

K. Busch, S. Lölkes, R. B. Wehrspohn, and H. Föll, Photonic Crystals (WILEY-VCH, Weinheim, 2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Sakoda, Optical Properties of Photonic Crystals, Vol. 80 (Springer, Berlin, 2001).

H. Schneider and H. C. Liu, Quantum Well Infrared Photodetectors, Vol. 126 (Springer, Berlin, 2007).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

SEM pictures of a finished and wire bonded device. The dotted parallelogram marks the unit cell of the 7×7 defect superlattice. This unit cell was also used for 2D simulations of the defect mode. The inset shows a close up of the defect structure including the relevant dimensions a, r and rD. The defect is build by a single missing hole with the six nearest neighboring holes being varied in diameter but not being displaced.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) A comparison of photocurrent spectra of the unpatterned reference sample (dashed line), a PhC device with (solid line) and without (chain dotted line) the defect. Two peaks at a/λ0=0.432 and 0.450 are caused by defect mode supported in-coupling. (b) Polarization dependent band structure mapping of a device without defect. Solid lines refer to calculated PhC modes of even symmetry, dotted lines refer to odd PhC modes. The experimental data points are marked as + for TM (π) incident and as - for TE (σ) incident light. Peaks that appear in either polarization are shown as open circles. (c) The same measurement for a device with defects (r/a=0.326 and rD/r=0.753).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The graph shows three photocurrent spectra taken for three different defect sizes rD/r. The modes experience a blue-shift with increasing defect size. The four resolved defect modes were attributed to simulated modes which are represented by their electric field pattern (large) and energy density (small).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

The dependence of measured defect mode frequencies (scatter plots) is compared to the simulation results. The broken lines mark the position of the flat band regions at the Γ-point. Solid lines represent the calculated energy shift of the four defect states shown in Fig. 3.

Metrics