Abstract

In this paper, we report a high power, high efficiency blue-violet laser obtained by intracavity frequency-doubling of an all-solid-state Q-switched tunable Ti:sapphire laser, which was pumped by a 532nm intracavity frequency-doubled Nd:YAG laser. A β-BaB2O4 (BBO) crystal was used for frequency-doubling of the Ti:sapphire laser and a V-shape folded three-mirror cavity was optimized to obtain high power high efficiency second harmonic generation (SHG). At an incident pump power of 22W, the tunable output from 355nm to 475nm was achieved, involving the maximum average output of 3.5W at 400nm with an optical conversion efficiency of 16% from the 532nm pump laser to the blue-violet output. The beam quality factor M2 was measured to be Mx 2=2.15, My 2=2.38 for characterizing the tunable blue laser.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. Czeranowsky, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, "All-solid-state continuous-wave frequency-doubled d:YAG-BiBO laser with 2.8-W output power at 473 nm," Opt. Lett. 28, 432-434 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. T. Kellner, F. Heine, and G. Huber, "Efficient laser performance of Nd:YAG at 946 nm and intracavity frequency doubling with LiJO3, β-BaB2O4, and LiB3O5," Appl. Phys. B 65, 789-792 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. G. W. Ross, M. Pollnau, P. G. R. Smith, W. A. Clarkson, P. E. Britton, and D. C. Hanna "Generation of high-power blue light in periodically poled LiNbO3," Opt. Lett. 23, 171-173 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Pierrou, F. Laurell, H. karlsson, T. Kellner, C. Czeranowsky, and G. Huber, "Generation of 740 mW of blue light by intracavity frequency doubling with a first-order quasi-phase-matched KTiOPO4 crystal," Opt. Lett. 24, 205-207 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. H. Li, P. X. Li, Z. G. Zhang, and S. W. Zhang, "Compact high-power blue light from a diode-pumped intracavity-doubled Nd:YAG laser," Chin. Phys. Lett. 19, 1632-1634 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. H. Chen, W. Hou, H. B. Peng, A. C. Geng, Y. Zhou, D. F. Cui, and Z. Y. Xu, Chin. "Generation of 2.1W continuous wave blue light by intracavity doubling of a diode-end-pumped Nd:YAG laser in a 30mm LBO," Phys. Lett. 23, 1479-1481 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. B. Peng, W. Hou, Y. H. Chen, D. F. Cui, Z. Y. Xu, C. T. Chen, F. D. Fan, and Y. Zhu, "Generation of 7.6-W blue laser by frequency-tripling of a Nd:YAG laser in LBO crystals," Opt. Express 14, 6543-6549 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Q. H. Xue, Q. Zheng, Y. K. Bu, F. Q. Jia, and L. S. Qian, "High-power efficient diode-pumped Nd:YVO4/LiB3O5 457 nm blue laser with 4.6 Wof output power," Opt. Lett. 31, 1070-1072 (2006).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. L. E. Busse, L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, and G. Mizell, "3.0W Blue light generation by frequency doubling of broad area semiconductor amplifier emission," Electron. Lett. 29, 77-78 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. Radl, K. W. Kennedy, R. J. Mratinsen, and M. Karakawa, "High-power blue laser for large-screen projectors," Proc SPIE. 3613, 208-216 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  13. B. Ruffing, A. Nebel, and R. Wallensteeein, "High-power picosecond LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillators tunable in the blue spectral range," Appl. Phys. B 72, 137-149 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  14. G. H. Cheng, Y. S. Wang, L. J. Yu, Z. Cheng, W. Zhao, and G. F. Chen, "High efficient second harmonic at 416nm and fourth harmonic generation at 208nm in compacted all-solid-state Ti:sapphire laser," Chin. J. Lasers 31, 769-772 (2004).
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    [CrossRef]

2006 (3)

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

F. Brunner, E. Innerhofer, S. V. Marchese, T. Sudmeyer, and R. Paschotta, "Powerful red-green-blue laser source pumped with a mode-locked thin disk laser," Opt. Lett. 29, 1921-1923 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. H. Cheng, Y. S. Wang, L. J. Yu, Z. Cheng, W. Zhao, and G. F. Chen, "High efficient second harmonic at 416nm and fourth harmonic generation at 208nm in compacted all-solid-state Ti:sapphire laser," Chin. J. Lasers 31, 769-772 (2004).

2003 (1)

2002 (2)

F. Song, C. Zhang, X. Ding, J. Xu, and G. Zhang, "Determination of thermal focal length and pumping radius in gain medium in laser-diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2145-2147 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. H. Li, P. X. Li, Z. G. Zhang, and S. W. Zhang, "Compact high-power blue light from a diode-pumped intracavity-doubled Nd:YAG laser," Chin. Phys. Lett. 19, 1632-1634 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

B. Ruffing, A. Nebel, and R. Wallensteeein, "High-power picosecond LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillators tunable in the blue spectral range," Appl. Phys. B 72, 137-149 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

T. Kellner, F. Heine, and G. Huber, "Efficient laser performance of Nd:YAG at 946 nm and intracavity frequency doubling with LiJO3, β-BaB2O4, and LiB3O5," Appl. Phys. B 65, 789-792 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

L. E. Busse, L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, and G. Mizell, "3.0W Blue light generation by frequency doubling of broad area semiconductor amplifier emission," Electron. Lett. 29, 77-78 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Ellingson and C. L. Tang, "High-power high-repetition-rate femtosecond pulses tunable in the visible," Opt. Lett. 18, 438-440 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Britton, P. E.

Brunner, F.

Bu, Y. K.

Busse, L. E.

L. E. Busse, L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, and G. Mizell, "3.0W Blue light generation by frequency doubling of broad area semiconductor amplifier emission," Electron. Lett. 29, 77-78 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C. T.

Chen, G. F.

G. H. Cheng, Y. S. Wang, L. J. Yu, Z. Cheng, W. Zhao, and G. F. Chen, "High efficient second harmonic at 416nm and fourth harmonic generation at 208nm in compacted all-solid-state Ti:sapphire laser," Chin. J. Lasers 31, 769-772 (2004).

Chen, Y. H.

Y. H. Chen, W. Hou, H. B. Peng, A. C. Geng, Y. Zhou, D. F. Cui, and Z. Y. Xu, Chin. "Generation of 2.1W continuous wave blue light by intracavity doubling of a diode-end-pumped Nd:YAG laser in a 30mm LBO," Phys. Lett. 23, 1479-1481 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. B. Peng, W. Hou, Y. H. Chen, D. F. Cui, Z. Y. Xu, C. T. Chen, F. D. Fan, and Y. Zhu, "Generation of 7.6-W blue laser by frequency-tripling of a Nd:YAG laser in LBO crystals," Opt. Express 14, 6543-6549 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cheng, G. H.

G. H. Cheng, Y. S. Wang, L. J. Yu, Z. Cheng, W. Zhao, and G. F. Chen, "High efficient second harmonic at 416nm and fourth harmonic generation at 208nm in compacted all-solid-state Ti:sapphire laser," Chin. J. Lasers 31, 769-772 (2004).

Cheng, Z.

G. H. Cheng, Y. S. Wang, L. J. Yu, Z. Cheng, W. Zhao, and G. F. Chen, "High efficient second harmonic at 416nm and fourth harmonic generation at 208nm in compacted all-solid-state Ti:sapphire laser," Chin. J. Lasers 31, 769-772 (2004).

Clarkson, W. A.

Cui, D. F.

Y. H. Chen, W. Hou, H. B. Peng, A. C. Geng, Y. Zhou, D. F. Cui, and Z. Y. Xu, Chin. "Generation of 2.1W continuous wave blue light by intracavity doubling of a diode-end-pumped Nd:YAG laser in a 30mm LBO," Phys. Lett. 23, 1479-1481 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. B. Peng, W. Hou, Y. H. Chen, D. F. Cui, Z. Y. Xu, C. T. Chen, F. D. Fan, and Y. Zhu, "Generation of 7.6-W blue laser by frequency-tripling of a Nd:YAG laser in LBO crystals," Opt. Express 14, 6543-6549 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Czeranowsky, C.

Ding, X.

F. Song, C. Zhang, X. Ding, J. Xu, and G. Zhang, "Determination of thermal focal length and pumping radius in gain medium in laser-diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2145-2147 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ellingson, R. J.

Fan, F. D.

Geng, A. C.

Y. H. Chen, W. Hou, H. B. Peng, A. C. Geng, Y. Zhou, D. F. Cui, and Z. Y. Xu, Chin. "Generation of 2.1W continuous wave blue light by intracavity doubling of a diode-end-pumped Nd:YAG laser in a 30mm LBO," Phys. Lett. 23, 1479-1481 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ghotbi, M.

Goldberg, L.

L. E. Busse, L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, and G. Mizell, "3.0W Blue light generation by frequency doubling of broad area semiconductor amplifier emission," Electron. Lett. 29, 77-78 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, D. C.

Heine, F.

T. Kellner, F. Heine, and G. Huber, "Efficient laser performance of Nd:YAG at 946 nm and intracavity frequency doubling with LiJO3, β-BaB2O4, and LiB3O5," Appl. Phys. B 65, 789-792 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Heumann, E.

Hou, W.

H. B. Peng, W. Hou, Y. H. Chen, D. F. Cui, Z. Y. Xu, C. T. Chen, F. D. Fan, and Y. Zhu, "Generation of 7.6-W blue laser by frequency-tripling of a Nd:YAG laser in LBO crystals," Opt. Express 14, 6543-6549 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. H. Chen, W. Hou, H. B. Peng, A. C. Geng, Y. Zhou, D. F. Cui, and Z. Y. Xu, Chin. "Generation of 2.1W continuous wave blue light by intracavity doubling of a diode-end-pumped Nd:YAG laser in a 30mm LBO," Phys. Lett. 23, 1479-1481 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

C. Czeranowsky, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, "All-solid-state continuous-wave frequency-doubled d:YAG-BiBO laser with 2.8-W output power at 473 nm," Opt. Lett. 28, 432-434 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Kellner, F. Heine, and G. Huber, "Efficient laser performance of Nd:YAG at 946 nm and intracavity frequency doubling with LiJO3, β-BaB2O4, and LiB3O5," Appl. Phys. B 65, 789-792 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Innerhofer, E.

Jia, F. Q.

Karakawa, M.

J. Radl, K. W. Kennedy, R. J. Mratinsen, and M. Karakawa, "High-power blue laser for large-screen projectors," Proc SPIE. 3613, 208-216 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kellner, T.

T. Kellner, F. Heine, and G. Huber, "Efficient laser performance of Nd:YAG at 946 nm and intracavity frequency doubling with LiJO3, β-BaB2O4, and LiB3O5," Appl. Phys. B 65, 789-792 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kennedy, K. W.

J. Radl, K. W. Kennedy, R. J. Mratinsen, and M. Karakawa, "High-power blue laser for large-screen projectors," Proc SPIE. 3613, 208-216 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Laurell, F.

Li, D. H.

D. H. Li, P. X. Li, Z. G. Zhang, and S. W. Zhang, "Compact high-power blue light from a diode-pumped intracavity-doubled Nd:YAG laser," Chin. Phys. Lett. 19, 1632-1634 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Li, P. X.

D. H. Li, P. X. Li, Z. G. Zhang, and S. W. Zhang, "Compact high-power blue light from a diode-pumped intracavity-doubled Nd:YAG laser," Chin. Phys. Lett. 19, 1632-1634 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Marchese, S. V.

Mehuys, D.

L. E. Busse, L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, and G. Mizell, "3.0W Blue light generation by frequency doubling of broad area semiconductor amplifier emission," Electron. Lett. 29, 77-78 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mizell, G.

L. E. Busse, L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, and G. Mizell, "3.0W Blue light generation by frequency doubling of broad area semiconductor amplifier emission," Electron. Lett. 29, 77-78 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mratinsen, R. J.

J. Radl, K. W. Kennedy, R. J. Mratinsen, and M. Karakawa, "High-power blue laser for large-screen projectors," Proc SPIE. 3613, 208-216 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nebel, A.

B. Ruffing, A. Nebel, and R. Wallensteeein, "High-power picosecond LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillators tunable in the blue spectral range," Appl. Phys. B 72, 137-149 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Paschotta, R.

Peng, H. B.

H. B. Peng, W. Hou, Y. H. Chen, D. F. Cui, Z. Y. Xu, C. T. Chen, F. D. Fan, and Y. Zhu, "Generation of 7.6-W blue laser by frequency-tripling of a Nd:YAG laser in LBO crystals," Opt. Express 14, 6543-6549 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. H. Chen, W. Hou, H. B. Peng, A. C. Geng, Y. Zhou, D. F. Cui, and Z. Y. Xu, Chin. "Generation of 2.1W continuous wave blue light by intracavity doubling of a diode-end-pumped Nd:YAG laser in a 30mm LBO," Phys. Lett. 23, 1479-1481 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pierrou, M.

Pollnau, M.

Qian, L. S.

Radl, J.

J. Radl, K. W. Kennedy, R. J. Mratinsen, and M. Karakawa, "High-power blue laser for large-screen projectors," Proc SPIE. 3613, 208-216 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ross, G. W.

Ruffing, B.

B. Ruffing, A. Nebel, and R. Wallensteeein, "High-power picosecond LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillators tunable in the blue spectral range," Appl. Phys. B 72, 137-149 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Smith, P. G. R.

Song, F.

F. Song, C. Zhang, X. Ding, J. Xu, and G. Zhang, "Determination of thermal focal length and pumping radius in gain medium in laser-diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2145-2147 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sudmeyer, T.

Tang, C. L.

Wallensteeein, R.

B. Ruffing, A. Nebel, and R. Wallensteeein, "High-power picosecond LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillators tunable in the blue spectral range," Appl. Phys. B 72, 137-149 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y. S.

G. H. Cheng, Y. S. Wang, L. J. Yu, Z. Cheng, W. Zhao, and G. F. Chen, "High efficient second harmonic at 416nm and fourth harmonic generation at 208nm in compacted all-solid-state Ti:sapphire laser," Chin. J. Lasers 31, 769-772 (2004).

Xu, J.

F. Song, C. Zhang, X. Ding, J. Xu, and G. Zhang, "Determination of thermal focal length and pumping radius in gain medium in laser-diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2145-2147 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z. Y.

H. B. Peng, W. Hou, Y. H. Chen, D. F. Cui, Z. Y. Xu, C. T. Chen, F. D. Fan, and Y. Zhu, "Generation of 7.6-W blue laser by frequency-tripling of a Nd:YAG laser in LBO crystals," Opt. Express 14, 6543-6549 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. H. Chen, W. Hou, H. B. Peng, A. C. Geng, Y. Zhou, D. F. Cui, and Z. Y. Xu, Chin. "Generation of 2.1W continuous wave blue light by intracavity doubling of a diode-end-pumped Nd:YAG laser in a 30mm LBO," Phys. Lett. 23, 1479-1481 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xue, Q. H.

Yu, L. J.

G. H. Cheng, Y. S. Wang, L. J. Yu, Z. Cheng, W. Zhao, and G. F. Chen, "High efficient second harmonic at 416nm and fourth harmonic generation at 208nm in compacted all-solid-state Ti:sapphire laser," Chin. J. Lasers 31, 769-772 (2004).

Zadeh, M. E.

Zhang, C.

F. Song, C. Zhang, X. Ding, J. Xu, and G. Zhang, "Determination of thermal focal length and pumping radius in gain medium in laser-diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2145-2147 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, G.

F. Song, C. Zhang, X. Ding, J. Xu, and G. Zhang, "Determination of thermal focal length and pumping radius in gain medium in laser-diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2145-2147 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S. W.

D. H. Li, P. X. Li, Z. G. Zhang, and S. W. Zhang, "Compact high-power blue light from a diode-pumped intracavity-doubled Nd:YAG laser," Chin. Phys. Lett. 19, 1632-1634 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z. G.

D. H. Li, P. X. Li, Z. G. Zhang, and S. W. Zhang, "Compact high-power blue light from a diode-pumped intracavity-doubled Nd:YAG laser," Chin. Phys. Lett. 19, 1632-1634 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, W.

G. H. Cheng, Y. S. Wang, L. J. Yu, Z. Cheng, W. Zhao, and G. F. Chen, "High efficient second harmonic at 416nm and fourth harmonic generation at 208nm in compacted all-solid-state Ti:sapphire laser," Chin. J. Lasers 31, 769-772 (2004).

Zheng, Q.

Zhou, Y.

Y. H. Chen, W. Hou, H. B. Peng, A. C. Geng, Y. Zhou, D. F. Cui, and Z. Y. Xu, Chin. "Generation of 2.1W continuous wave blue light by intracavity doubling of a diode-end-pumped Nd:YAG laser in a 30mm LBO," Phys. Lett. 23, 1479-1481 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y.

Appl. Phys. B (2)

T. Kellner, F. Heine, and G. Huber, "Efficient laser performance of Nd:YAG at 946 nm and intracavity frequency doubling with LiJO3, β-BaB2O4, and LiB3O5," Appl. Phys. B 65, 789-792 (1997).
[CrossRef]

B. Ruffing, A. Nebel, and R. Wallensteeein, "High-power picosecond LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillators tunable in the blue spectral range," Appl. Phys. B 72, 137-149 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

F. Song, C. Zhang, X. Ding, J. Xu, and G. Zhang, "Determination of thermal focal length and pumping radius in gain medium in laser-diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2145-2147 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chin. J. Lasers (1)

G. H. Cheng, Y. S. Wang, L. J. Yu, Z. Cheng, W. Zhao, and G. F. Chen, "High efficient second harmonic at 416nm and fourth harmonic generation at 208nm in compacted all-solid-state Ti:sapphire laser," Chin. J. Lasers 31, 769-772 (2004).

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. H. Li, P. X. Li, Z. G. Zhang, and S. W. Zhang, "Compact high-power blue light from a diode-pumped intracavity-doubled Nd:YAG laser," Chin. Phys. Lett. 19, 1632-1634 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

L. E. Busse, L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, and G. Mizell, "3.0W Blue light generation by frequency doubling of broad area semiconductor amplifier emission," Electron. Lett. 29, 77-78 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (7)

Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. H. Chen, W. Hou, H. B. Peng, A. C. Geng, Y. Zhou, D. F. Cui, and Z. Y. Xu, Chin. "Generation of 2.1W continuous wave blue light by intracavity doubling of a diode-end-pumped Nd:YAG laser in a 30mm LBO," Phys. Lett. 23, 1479-1481 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Proc SPIE. (1)

J. Radl, K. W. Kennedy, R. J. Mratinsen, and M. Karakawa, "High-power blue laser for large-screen projectors," Proc SPIE. 3613, 208-216 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

The setup of the all-solid-state Q-switched tunable frequency doubled Ti:sapphire laser system

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

The equivalent straight cavity of the V-shape cavity (the imaginal lines stand for the beam of the Ti:sapphire laser)

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The U-shape curve of the fundamental mode spot radius in the Ti:sapphire crystal as a function of the thermal-lens focus length

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

The output power of the tunable Ti: sapphire laser from 700nm to 950nm

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

The output power and optical-to-optical conversion efficiency of the Ti: sapphire laser at 800nm

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

The output power of the tunable blue-violet laser from 355nm to 475nm

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

The output power and the frequency-doubling efficiency of the blue-violet laser at 400nm.

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