Abstract

We propose and demonstrate for the first time a cost-effective and colorless wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network which can provide a full-duplex 155-Mb/s up/downstream data and broadcast signals on a single wavelength using light-injected optical sources and bidirectional transmission in a single fiber. The optical sources for downstream and upstream baseband data are Fabry-Perot laser diode (FPLD) at the central office and a reflective semiconductor optical amplifier (RSOA) at each optical network unit, respectively. The broadband light source (BLS) for the downstream is implemented by using mutually injected FPLDs. The transmission experiment shows that the error-free operation for baseband data and a high-quality broadcast signal with 3-dB CNR margin can be obtained.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. J. Shin, Y. C. Keh, J. W. Kwon, E. H. Lee, J. K. Lee, M. K. Park, J. W. Park, Y. K. Oh, S. W. Kim, I. K. Yun, H. C. Shin, D. Heo, J. S. Lee, H. S. Shin, H. S. Kim, S. B. Park, D. K. Jung, S. T. Hwang, Y. J. Oh, D. H. Jang, and C. S. Shim, "Low-cost WDM-PON with colorless bidirectional transceivers," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 158-165 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37, 1181-1182 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. Y. Kim, S. B. Jun, Y. Takushima, E. S. Son, and Y. C. Chung, "Enhanced performance of RSOA-based WDM PON by using Manchester coding," J. Opt. Netw. 6, 624-630 (2007) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=JON-6-6-624
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. Kim, S. Kim, S. Hwang, and Y. Oh, "Impact of dispersion, PMD, and PDL on the performance of spectrum-sliced incoherent light sources using gain-saturated semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 775-785 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, and D. J. DiGiovanni, "Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source for multichannel WDM applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1458-1461 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. M. Choi, J. S. Baik, and C. H. Lee, "Broad-band light source using mutually injected Fabry-Perot laser diodes for WDM-PON," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2529-2531 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. -H. Moon, K. M. Choi, and C. H. Lee, "Overlay of broadcasting signal in a WDM-PON," in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication and Conference, (2006), Paper OThK8.
  8. H. C. Ji, I. Yamashita, and K. -I. Kitayama, "Transmission of upstream data and broadcast signals over a single wavelength in WDM-PON using light-injected optical sources," in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optics and Communications, (2007), Paper We6.4.6.
  9. W. R. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. N. Chand, P. D. Magill, S. V. Swaminathan, and T. H. Daugherty, "Delivery of digital video and other multimedia services (>1 Gb/s bandwidth) in passband above the 155 Mb/s baseband services on a FTTx Full Service Access Network," J. Lightwve Technol. 17, 2449-2460 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. K. Jung, H. Kim, K. H. Han, and Y. C. Chung, "Spectrum-sliced bidirectional passive optical network for simultaneous transmission of WDM and digital broadcast video signals," Electron. Lett. 37, 308-309 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2007

2006

2005

K. M. Choi, J. S. Baik, and C. H. Lee, "Broad-band light source using mutually injected Fabry-Perot laser diodes for WDM-PON," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2529-2531 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2001

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37, 1181-1182 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. K. Jung, H. Kim, K. H. Han, and Y. C. Chung, "Spectrum-sliced bidirectional passive optical network for simultaneous transmission of WDM and digital broadcast video signals," Electron. Lett. 37, 308-309 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999

N. Chand, P. D. Magill, S. V. Swaminathan, and T. H. Daugherty, "Delivery of digital video and other multimedia services (>1 Gb/s bandwidth) in passband above the 155 Mb/s baseband services on a FTTx Full Service Access Network," J. Lightwve Technol. 17, 2449-2460 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1993

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, and D. J. DiGiovanni, "Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source for multichannel WDM applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1458-1461 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Baik, J. S.

K. M. Choi, J. S. Baik, and C. H. Lee, "Broad-band light source using mutually injected Fabry-Perot laser diodes for WDM-PON," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2529-2531 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chand, N.

N. Chand, P. D. Magill, S. V. Swaminathan, and T. H. Daugherty, "Delivery of digital video and other multimedia services (>1 Gb/s bandwidth) in passband above the 155 Mb/s baseband services on a FTTx Full Service Access Network," J. Lightwve Technol. 17, 2449-2460 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cho, S. H.

W. R. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Choi, K. M.

K. M. Choi, J. S. Baik, and C. H. Lee, "Broad-band light source using mutually injected Fabry-Perot laser diodes for WDM-PON," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2529-2531 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chung, Y. C.

S. Y. Kim, S. B. Jun, Y. Takushima, E. S. Son, and Y. C. Chung, "Enhanced performance of RSOA-based WDM PON by using Manchester coding," J. Opt. Netw. 6, 624-630 (2007) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=JON-6-6-624
[CrossRef]

D. K. Jung, H. Kim, K. H. Han, and Y. C. Chung, "Spectrum-sliced bidirectional passive optical network for simultaneous transmission of WDM and digital broadcast video signals," Electron. Lett. 37, 308-309 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, and D. J. DiGiovanni, "Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source for multichannel WDM applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1458-1461 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Daugherty, T. H.

N. Chand, P. D. Magill, S. V. Swaminathan, and T. H. Daugherty, "Delivery of digital video and other multimedia services (>1 Gb/s bandwidth) in passband above the 155 Mb/s baseband services on a FTTx Full Service Access Network," J. Lightwve Technol. 17, 2449-2460 (1999).
[CrossRef]

DiGiovanni, D. J.

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, and D. J. DiGiovanni, "Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source for multichannel WDM applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1458-1461 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ford, C.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37, 1181-1182 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Han, K. H.

D. K. Jung, H. Kim, K. H. Han, and Y. C. Chung, "Spectrum-sliced bidirectional passive optical network for simultaneous transmission of WDM and digital broadcast video signals," Electron. Lett. 37, 308-309 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Healey, P.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37, 1181-1182 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Heo, D.

Hwang, S.

Hwang, S. T.

Jang, D. H.

Jeong, G.

W. R. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Johnston, L.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37, 1181-1182 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jun, S. B.

Jung, D. K.

Keh, Y. C.

Kim, B. W.

W. R. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, C.

W. R. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H.

H. Kim, S. Kim, S. Hwang, and Y. Oh, "Impact of dispersion, PMD, and PDL on the performance of spectrum-sliced incoherent light sources using gain-saturated semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 775-785 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. K. Jung, H. Kim, K. H. Han, and Y. C. Chung, "Spectrum-sliced bidirectional passive optical network for simultaneous transmission of WDM and digital broadcast video signals," Electron. Lett. 37, 308-309 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H. S.

Kim, S.

Kim, S. W.

Kim, S. Y.

Kwon, J. W.

Lealman, I.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37, 1181-1182 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C. H.

K. M. Choi, J. S. Baik, and C. H. Lee, "Broad-band light source using mutually injected Fabry-Perot laser diodes for WDM-PON," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2529-2531 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, E. H.

Lee, J.

W. R. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. K.

Lee, J. S.

Lee, W. R.

W. R. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Magill, P. D.

N. Chand, P. D. Magill, S. V. Swaminathan, and T. H. Daugherty, "Delivery of digital video and other multimedia services (>1 Gb/s bandwidth) in passband above the 155 Mb/s baseband services on a FTTx Full Service Access Network," J. Lightwve Technol. 17, 2449-2460 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Moore, R.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37, 1181-1182 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Oh, Y.

Oh, Y. J.

Oh, Y. K.

Park, J. W.

Park, M. K.

Park, M. Y.

W. R. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Park, S. B.

Perrin, S.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37, 1181-1182 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rivers, L.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37, 1181-1182 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shim, C. S.

Shin, D. J.

Shin, H. C.

Shin, H. S.

Son, E. S.

Swaminathan, S. V.

N. Chand, P. D. Magill, S. V. Swaminathan, and T. H. Daugherty, "Delivery of digital video and other multimedia services (>1 Gb/s bandwidth) in passband above the 155 Mb/s baseband services on a FTTx Full Service Access Network," J. Lightwve Technol. 17, 2449-2460 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Takushima, Y.

Townley, P.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37, 1181-1182 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Townsend, P.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37, 1181-1182 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yun, I. K.

Electron. Lett.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37, 1181-1182 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. K. Jung, H. Kim, K. H. Han, and Y. C. Chung, "Spectrum-sliced bidirectional passive optical network for simultaneous transmission of WDM and digital broadcast video signals," Electron. Lett. 37, 308-309 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, and D. J. DiGiovanni, "Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source for multichannel WDM applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1458-1461 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Choi, J. S. Baik, and C. H. Lee, "Broad-band light source using mutually injected Fabry-Perot laser diodes for WDM-PON," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2529-2531 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Lightwve Technol.

N. Chand, P. D. Magill, S. V. Swaminathan, and T. H. Daugherty, "Delivery of digital video and other multimedia services (>1 Gb/s bandwidth) in passband above the 155 Mb/s baseband services on a FTTx Full Service Access Network," J. Lightwve Technol. 17, 2449-2460 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Netw.

Other

J. -H. Moon, K. M. Choi, and C. H. Lee, "Overlay of broadcasting signal in a WDM-PON," in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication and Conference, (2006), Paper OThK8.

H. C. Ji, I. Yamashita, and K. -I. Kitayama, "Transmission of upstream data and broadcast signals over a single wavelength in WDM-PON using light-injected optical sources," in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optics and Communications, (2007), Paper We6.4.6.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

The schematic diagram of the proposed WDM-PON.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup. OBPF: optical bandpass filter, PC: polarization controller

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured optical spectra of (a) FPLDs used in MI-FPLD before mutual injection, (b) output of MI-FPLD without and with mode-slicing after mutual injection, and (c) downstream and upstream signals measured at EDFA and PD input in the CO, respectively.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

RIN of MI-FPLD in comparison with that of commercial tunable laser diode and a free-running FPLD.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Effect of amplitude of broadcast signal on downstream signal (a) broadcast signalinduced power penalty (b) RIN as a function of RF power of broadcast signal.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

BER curves of (a) downstream data and (b) upstream data while varying the extinction ratio of downstream signal

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Measured (a) BER and (b) electrical spectrum after transmission over 20-km SSMF

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