Abstract

By concatenating three birefringence loops in series, a second-order all-fiber comb filter based on a polarization-diversity loop configuration is newly proposed. The proposed filter consists of one polarization beam splitter, polarization-maintaining fibers, and two half-wave plates. The effect of a second-order structure of polarization-maintaining fiber loops on a bandwidth of the filter passband was theoretically analyzed and experimentally demonstrated. Transmission output of the second-order filter (flat-top and narrow-band transmission spectra) could be obtained by adjusting two half-wave plates. 1 and 3 dB bandwidths of the proposed filter in flat-top and narrow-band operations were greater by ~102.9 and 44.3 % and smaller by ~47.9 and 47.1 % than those of a conventional Sagnac birefringence filter, respectively.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. X. Fang and R. O. Claus, “Polarization-independent all-fiber wavelength-division multiplexer based on a Sagnac interferometer,” Opt. Lett. 20, 2146–2148 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. Y. W. Lee, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Multiwavelength-switchable SOA-fiber ring laser based on polarization-maintaining fiber loop mirror and polarization beam splitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 54–56 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  3. M. P. Fok, K. L. Lee, and C. Shu, “Waveband-switchable SOA ring laser constructed with a phase modulator loop mirror filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1393–1395 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  4. X. Fang, K. Demarest, H. Ji, C. T. Allen, and L. Pelz, “A subnanosecond polarization-independent tunable filter/wavelength router using a Sagnac interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1490–1492 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  5. G. Zhu, Q. Wang, H. Chen, H. Dong, and N. K. Dutta, “High-quality optical pulse train generation at 80 Gb/s using a modified regenerative-type mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 721–725 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  6. G. Rossi, O. Jerphagnon, B.-E. Olsson, and D. J. Blumenthal, “Optical SCM data extraction using a fiber-loop mirror for WDM network systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 897–899 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  7. X. Fang, H. Ji, C. T. Allen, K. Demarest, and L. Pelz, “A compound high-order polarization-independent birefringence filter using Sagnac interferometers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 458–460 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  8. Z. Jia, M. Chen, and S. Xie, “Label erasing technique employing Lyot-Sagnac filter,” Electron. Lett. 38, 1563–1564 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  9. Y. W. Lee, H.-T. Kim, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Wavelength-switchable flat-top fiber comb filter based on a Solc type birefringence combination,” Opt. Express 13, 1039–1048 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. I. Solc, “Birefringent chain filters,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 55, 621– 625 (1965).
    [Crossref]
  11. R. C. Jones, “New calculus for the treatment of optical systems,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 31, 488–492 (1941).
    [Crossref]
  12. Y. Shiquan, L. Zhaohui, D. Xiaoyi, Y. Shuzhong, K. Guiyun, and Z. Qida, “Generation of wavelength-switched optical pulse from a fiber ring laser with an F-P semiconductor modulator and a HiBi fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 774–776 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  13. P. Humphrey and J. E. Bowers, “Fiber-birefringence tuning technique for an erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 32–34 (1993).
    [Crossref]

2005 (2)

M. P. Fok, K. L. Lee, and C. Shu, “Waveband-switchable SOA ring laser constructed with a phase modulator loop mirror filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1393–1395 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y. W. Lee, H.-T. Kim, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Wavelength-switchable flat-top fiber comb filter based on a Solc type birefringence combination,” Opt. Express 13, 1039–1048 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

G. Zhu, Q. Wang, H. Chen, H. Dong, and N. K. Dutta, “High-quality optical pulse train generation at 80 Gb/s using a modified regenerative-type mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 721–725 (2004).
[Crossref]

Y. W. Lee, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Multiwavelength-switchable SOA-fiber ring laser based on polarization-maintaining fiber loop mirror and polarization beam splitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 54–56 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

Y. Shiquan, L. Zhaohui, D. Xiaoyi, Y. Shuzhong, K. Guiyun, and Z. Qida, “Generation of wavelength-switched optical pulse from a fiber ring laser with an F-P semiconductor modulator and a HiBi fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 774–776 (2002).
[Crossref]

Z. Jia, M. Chen, and S. Xie, “Label erasing technique employing Lyot-Sagnac filter,” Electron. Lett. 38, 1563–1564 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

G. Rossi, O. Jerphagnon, B.-E. Olsson, and D. J. Blumenthal, “Optical SCM data extraction using a fiber-loop mirror for WDM network systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 897–899 (2000).
[Crossref]

1997 (2)

X. Fang, H. Ji, C. T. Allen, K. Demarest, and L. Pelz, “A compound high-order polarization-independent birefringence filter using Sagnac interferometers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 458–460 (1997).
[Crossref]

X. Fang, K. Demarest, H. Ji, C. T. Allen, and L. Pelz, “A subnanosecond polarization-independent tunable filter/wavelength router using a Sagnac interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1490–1492 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

1993 (1)

P. Humphrey and J. E. Bowers, “Fiber-birefringence tuning technique for an erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 32–34 (1993).
[Crossref]

1965 (1)

1941 (1)

Allen, C. T.

X. Fang, K. Demarest, H. Ji, C. T. Allen, and L. Pelz, “A subnanosecond polarization-independent tunable filter/wavelength router using a Sagnac interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1490–1492 (1997).
[Crossref]

X. Fang, H. Ji, C. T. Allen, K. Demarest, and L. Pelz, “A compound high-order polarization-independent birefringence filter using Sagnac interferometers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 458–460 (1997).
[Crossref]

Blumenthal, D. J.

G. Rossi, O. Jerphagnon, B.-E. Olsson, and D. J. Blumenthal, “Optical SCM data extraction using a fiber-loop mirror for WDM network systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 897–899 (2000).
[Crossref]

Bowers, J. E.

P. Humphrey and J. E. Bowers, “Fiber-birefringence tuning technique for an erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 32–34 (1993).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

G. Zhu, Q. Wang, H. Chen, H. Dong, and N. K. Dutta, “High-quality optical pulse train generation at 80 Gb/s using a modified regenerative-type mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 721–725 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chen, M.

Z. Jia, M. Chen, and S. Xie, “Label erasing technique employing Lyot-Sagnac filter,” Electron. Lett. 38, 1563–1564 (2002).
[Crossref]

Claus, R. O.

Demarest, K.

X. Fang, H. Ji, C. T. Allen, K. Demarest, and L. Pelz, “A compound high-order polarization-independent birefringence filter using Sagnac interferometers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 458–460 (1997).
[Crossref]

X. Fang, K. Demarest, H. Ji, C. T. Allen, and L. Pelz, “A subnanosecond polarization-independent tunable filter/wavelength router using a Sagnac interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1490–1492 (1997).
[Crossref]

Dong, H.

G. Zhu, Q. Wang, H. Chen, H. Dong, and N. K. Dutta, “High-quality optical pulse train generation at 80 Gb/s using a modified regenerative-type mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 721–725 (2004).
[Crossref]

Dutta, N. K.

G. Zhu, Q. Wang, H. Chen, H. Dong, and N. K. Dutta, “High-quality optical pulse train generation at 80 Gb/s using a modified regenerative-type mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 721–725 (2004).
[Crossref]

Fang, X.

X. Fang, K. Demarest, H. Ji, C. T. Allen, and L. Pelz, “A subnanosecond polarization-independent tunable filter/wavelength router using a Sagnac interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1490–1492 (1997).
[Crossref]

X. Fang, H. Ji, C. T. Allen, K. Demarest, and L. Pelz, “A compound high-order polarization-independent birefringence filter using Sagnac interferometers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 458–460 (1997).
[Crossref]

X. Fang and R. O. Claus, “Polarization-independent all-fiber wavelength-division multiplexer based on a Sagnac interferometer,” Opt. Lett. 20, 2146–2148 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fok, M. P.

M. P. Fok, K. L. Lee, and C. Shu, “Waveband-switchable SOA ring laser constructed with a phase modulator loop mirror filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1393–1395 (2005).
[Crossref]

Guiyun, K.

Y. Shiquan, L. Zhaohui, D. Xiaoyi, Y. Shuzhong, K. Guiyun, and Z. Qida, “Generation of wavelength-switched optical pulse from a fiber ring laser with an F-P semiconductor modulator and a HiBi fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 774–776 (2002).
[Crossref]

Humphrey, P.

P. Humphrey and J. E. Bowers, “Fiber-birefringence tuning technique for an erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 32–34 (1993).
[Crossref]

Jerphagnon, O.

G. Rossi, O. Jerphagnon, B.-E. Olsson, and D. J. Blumenthal, “Optical SCM data extraction using a fiber-loop mirror for WDM network systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 897–899 (2000).
[Crossref]

Ji, H.

X. Fang, K. Demarest, H. Ji, C. T. Allen, and L. Pelz, “A subnanosecond polarization-independent tunable filter/wavelength router using a Sagnac interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1490–1492 (1997).
[Crossref]

X. Fang, H. Ji, C. T. Allen, K. Demarest, and L. Pelz, “A compound high-order polarization-independent birefringence filter using Sagnac interferometers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 458–460 (1997).
[Crossref]

Jia, Z.

Z. Jia, M. Chen, and S. Xie, “Label erasing technique employing Lyot-Sagnac filter,” Electron. Lett. 38, 1563–1564 (2002).
[Crossref]

Jones, R. C.

Jung, J.

Y. W. Lee, H.-T. Kim, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Wavelength-switchable flat-top fiber comb filter based on a Solc type birefringence combination,” Opt. Express 13, 1039–1048 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. W. Lee, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Multiwavelength-switchable SOA-fiber ring laser based on polarization-maintaining fiber loop mirror and polarization beam splitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 54–56 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kim, H.-T.

Lee, B.

Y. W. Lee, H.-T. Kim, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Wavelength-switchable flat-top fiber comb filter based on a Solc type birefringence combination,” Opt. Express 13, 1039–1048 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. W. Lee, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Multiwavelength-switchable SOA-fiber ring laser based on polarization-maintaining fiber loop mirror and polarization beam splitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 54–56 (2004).
[Crossref]

Lee, K. L.

M. P. Fok, K. L. Lee, and C. Shu, “Waveband-switchable SOA ring laser constructed with a phase modulator loop mirror filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1393–1395 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lee, Y. W.

Y. W. Lee, H.-T. Kim, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Wavelength-switchable flat-top fiber comb filter based on a Solc type birefringence combination,” Opt. Express 13, 1039–1048 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. W. Lee, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Multiwavelength-switchable SOA-fiber ring laser based on polarization-maintaining fiber loop mirror and polarization beam splitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 54–56 (2004).
[Crossref]

Olsson, B.-E.

G. Rossi, O. Jerphagnon, B.-E. Olsson, and D. J. Blumenthal, “Optical SCM data extraction using a fiber-loop mirror for WDM network systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 897–899 (2000).
[Crossref]

Pelz, L.

X. Fang, K. Demarest, H. Ji, C. T. Allen, and L. Pelz, “A subnanosecond polarization-independent tunable filter/wavelength router using a Sagnac interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1490–1492 (1997).
[Crossref]

X. Fang, H. Ji, C. T. Allen, K. Demarest, and L. Pelz, “A compound high-order polarization-independent birefringence filter using Sagnac interferometers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 458–460 (1997).
[Crossref]

Qida, Z.

Y. Shiquan, L. Zhaohui, D. Xiaoyi, Y. Shuzhong, K. Guiyun, and Z. Qida, “Generation of wavelength-switched optical pulse from a fiber ring laser with an F-P semiconductor modulator and a HiBi fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 774–776 (2002).
[Crossref]

Rossi, G.

G. Rossi, O. Jerphagnon, B.-E. Olsson, and D. J. Blumenthal, “Optical SCM data extraction using a fiber-loop mirror for WDM network systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 897–899 (2000).
[Crossref]

Shiquan, Y.

Y. Shiquan, L. Zhaohui, D. Xiaoyi, Y. Shuzhong, K. Guiyun, and Z. Qida, “Generation of wavelength-switched optical pulse from a fiber ring laser with an F-P semiconductor modulator and a HiBi fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 774–776 (2002).
[Crossref]

Shu, C.

M. P. Fok, K. L. Lee, and C. Shu, “Waveband-switchable SOA ring laser constructed with a phase modulator loop mirror filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1393–1395 (2005).
[Crossref]

Shuzhong, Y.

Y. Shiquan, L. Zhaohui, D. Xiaoyi, Y. Shuzhong, K. Guiyun, and Z. Qida, “Generation of wavelength-switched optical pulse from a fiber ring laser with an F-P semiconductor modulator and a HiBi fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 774–776 (2002).
[Crossref]

Solc, I.

Wang, Q.

G. Zhu, Q. Wang, H. Chen, H. Dong, and N. K. Dutta, “High-quality optical pulse train generation at 80 Gb/s using a modified regenerative-type mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 721–725 (2004).
[Crossref]

Xiaoyi, D.

Y. Shiquan, L. Zhaohui, D. Xiaoyi, Y. Shuzhong, K. Guiyun, and Z. Qida, “Generation of wavelength-switched optical pulse from a fiber ring laser with an F-P semiconductor modulator and a HiBi fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 774–776 (2002).
[Crossref]

Xie, S.

Z. Jia, M. Chen, and S. Xie, “Label erasing technique employing Lyot-Sagnac filter,” Electron. Lett. 38, 1563–1564 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zhaohui, L.

Y. Shiquan, L. Zhaohui, D. Xiaoyi, Y. Shuzhong, K. Guiyun, and Z. Qida, “Generation of wavelength-switched optical pulse from a fiber ring laser with an F-P semiconductor modulator and a HiBi fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 774–776 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zhu, G.

G. Zhu, Q. Wang, H. Chen, H. Dong, and N. K. Dutta, “High-quality optical pulse train generation at 80 Gb/s using a modified regenerative-type mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 721–725 (2004).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

Z. Jia, M. Chen, and S. Xie, “Label erasing technique employing Lyot-Sagnac filter,” Electron. Lett. 38, 1563–1564 (2002).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. Zhu, Q. Wang, H. Chen, H. Dong, and N. K. Dutta, “High-quality optical pulse train generation at 80 Gb/s using a modified regenerative-type mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 721–725 (2004).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (7)

G. Rossi, O. Jerphagnon, B.-E. Olsson, and D. J. Blumenthal, “Optical SCM data extraction using a fiber-loop mirror for WDM network systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 897–899 (2000).
[Crossref]

X. Fang, H. Ji, C. T. Allen, K. Demarest, and L. Pelz, “A compound high-order polarization-independent birefringence filter using Sagnac interferometers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 458–460 (1997).
[Crossref]

Y. W. Lee, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Multiwavelength-switchable SOA-fiber ring laser based on polarization-maintaining fiber loop mirror and polarization beam splitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 54–56 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. P. Fok, K. L. Lee, and C. Shu, “Waveband-switchable SOA ring laser constructed with a phase modulator loop mirror filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1393–1395 (2005).
[Crossref]

X. Fang, K. Demarest, H. Ji, C. T. Allen, and L. Pelz, “A subnanosecond polarization-independent tunable filter/wavelength router using a Sagnac interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1490–1492 (1997).
[Crossref]

Y. Shiquan, L. Zhaohui, D. Xiaoyi, Y. Shuzhong, K. Guiyun, and Z. Qida, “Generation of wavelength-switched optical pulse from a fiber ring laser with an F-P semiconductor modulator and a HiBi fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 774–776 (2002).
[Crossref]

P. Humphrey and J. E. Bowers, “Fiber-birefringence tuning technique for an erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 32–34 (1993).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (2)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Schematic diagram of the proposed filter and (b) propagating light path when the input light transmits through the output port.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Calculated flat-top (blue line) and narrow-band (red line) transmission spectra of the proposed filter.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured flat-top (blue line) and narrow-band (red line) transmission spectra of the proposed filter.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Measured (a) flat-top and (b) narrow-band transmission spectra in a wide range of wavelength (28 nm).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Measured 1 and 3 dB passband bandwidths and their corresponding FOM’s

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

T = [ 1 0 0 0 ] T H 2 ( θ h 2 ) T P 3 ( θ p 3 ) T P 2 ( θ p 2 ) T P 1 ( θ p 1 ) T H 1 ( θ h 1 ) [ 1 0 0 0 ] ( CW )
+ [ 0 0 0 1 ] T H 1 ( θ h 1 ) T P 1 ( θ p 1 ) T P 2 ( θ p 2 ) T P 3 ( θ p 3 ) T H 2 ( θ h 2 ) [ 0 0 0 1 ] ( CCW )
t filter = 9 8 [ cos ( 2 θ h 1 2 θ h 2 + π 3 ) cos Γ + 1 6 cos ( 2 θ h 1 2 θ h 2 ) + 3 2 sin ( 2 θ h 1 2 θ h 2 ) ] 2
× ( 1 + cos Γ ) + 9 8 [ cos ( 2 θ h 1 + 2 θ h 2 60 ° 2 θ p 1 ) ( cos Γ + 1 3 ) ] 2 ( 1 cos Γ )

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