Abstract

We show that hollow dielectric-coated metallic waveguides exhibit ultrabroadband transmission and controlled anomalous dispersion in the visible, UV, and VUV range even at high gas pressures. Using the transfer-matrix method we predict that the losses can be significantly reduced in such waveguides, which allows the use of small radii in the range of 10–25 µm. The resulting significant enhancement of the waveguide contribution to dispersion facilitates phase-matching for nonlinear processes with higher efficiencies.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  4. M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, Ch. Speilmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, "X-Ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier," Science 291, 1923-1927 (2001).
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  5. V. P. Kalosha and J. Herrmann, "Pulse compression without chirp control and frequency detuning by high-order coherent Raman scattering in impulsively excited media," Opt. Lett. 26, 456-458 (2001).
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  6. N. Zhavoronkov and G. Korn, "Generation of single intense optical pulses by ultrafast molecular phase modulation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 203901 (2002).
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  7. V. P. Kalosha and J. Herrmann, "Ultrawide psectral broadening and compression of single extremely short pulses in the visible, uv-vuv, and middle infrared by high-order stimulated Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. A 68, 023812 (2003).
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  10. C. G. DurfeeIII, S. Backus, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, "Intense 8-fs pulse generation in the deep ultraviolet," Opt. Lett. 24, 697-699 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. P. Tzankov, O. Steinkeller, J. Zheng, M. Mero, W. Freyer, A. Husakou, I. Babushkin, J. Herrmann, and F. Noack, "High-power fifth-harmonic generation of femtosecond pulses in the vacuum ultraviolet using a Ti:sapphire laser," Opt. Express 15, 6389-6395 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russel, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, "Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
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  13. B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulous, Y. Fink, "Wavelength-scalable hollow optical fibres with large photonic bandgaps for CO" laser transmission," Nature 420, 650-653 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russel, "Stimulated Raman Scattering in Hydrogen-Filled Hoolow Core Photonic Crystal Fiber," Science 298, 399-402 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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  25. S. G. Johnson, M. Ibanescu, M. Skorobogatiy, O. Weisberg, T. D. Engeness, M. Soljacic, S. A. Jacobs, J. D. Joannopoulous, and Y. Fink, "Low-loss asymptotically single-mode propagation in large-core OmniGuide fibers," Opt. Express 9, 748-780 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2007

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultue, M. Fiess, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, "Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broad soft-x-ray harmonic continua," New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Tzankov, O. Steinkeller, J. Zheng, M. Mero, W. Freyer, A. Husakou, I. Babushkin, J. Herrmann, and F. Noack, "High-power fifth-harmonic generation of femtosecond pulses in the vacuum ultraviolet using a Ti:sapphire laser," Opt. Express 15, 6389-6395 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Argyros and J. Pla, "Hollow-core polymer fibres with a kagome lattice: potential for transmission in the infrared," Opt. Express 15, 7713-7719 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

2003

V. P. Kalosha and J. Herrmann, "Ultrawide psectral broadening and compression of single extremely short pulses in the visible, uv-vuv, and middle infrared by high-order stimulated Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. A 68, 023812 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Mueller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russel, "Stimulated Raman Scattering in Hydrogen-Filled Hoolow Core Photonic Crystal Fiber," Science 298, 399-402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Zhavoronkov and G. Korn, "Generation of single intense optical pulses by ultrafast molecular phase modulation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 203901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulous, Y. Fink, "Wavelength-scalable hollow optical fibres with large photonic bandgaps for CO" laser transmission," Nature 420, 650-653 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001

V. P. Kalosha and J. Herrmann, "Pulse compression without chirp control and frequency detuning by high-order coherent Raman scattering in impulsively excited media," Opt. Lett. 26, 456-458 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Johnson, M. Ibanescu, M. Skorobogatiy, O. Weisberg, T. D. Engeness, M. Soljacic, S. A. Jacobs, J. D. Joannopoulous, and Y. Fink, "Low-loss asymptotically single-mode propagation in large-core OmniGuide fibers," Opt. Express 9, 748-780 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, Ch. Speilmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, "X-Ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier," Science 291, 1923-1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Husakou and J. Herrmann, "Supercontinuum generation of higher-order solitons by fission in photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 203901 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000

1999

C. G. DurfeeIII, S. Backus, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, "Intense 8-fs pulse generation in the deep ultraviolet," Opt. Lett. 24, 697-699 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russel, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, "Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998

A. Rundquist, C. G. DurfeeIII, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Bauckus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phasematched generation of coherent soft x-rays," Science 280, 1412-1415 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996

M. Nisoli, S. de Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793-2797 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

1993

1984

M. Miyagi and S. Kawakami, "Design theory of dielectric-coated circular metallic waveguides for infrared transmission," J. Lightwave Technol. 2, 116-126 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1978

1964

E. A. J. Marcatili and R. A. Schmeltzer, "Hollow metallic and dielectric waveguides for long distance optical transmission and lasers," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 43, 1783-1809 (1964).

Abel, T.

Ahmad, F. R.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Mueller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Allan, D. C.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russel, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, "Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Antonopoulos, G.

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russel, "Stimulated Raman Scattering in Hydrogen-Filled Hoolow Core Photonic Crystal Fiber," Science 298, 399-402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Apolonski, A.

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultue, M. Fiess, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, "Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broad soft-x-ray harmonic continua," New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Argyros, A.

Babushkin, I.

Backus, S.

Bauckus, S.

A. Rundquist, C. G. DurfeeIII, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Bauckus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phasematched generation of coherent soft x-rays," Science 280, 1412-1415 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benabid, F.

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russel, "Stimulated Raman Scattering in Hydrogen-Filled Hoolow Core Photonic Crystal Fiber," Science 298, 399-402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benoit, G.

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulous, Y. Fink, "Wavelength-scalable hollow optical fibres with large photonic bandgaps for CO" laser transmission," Nature 420, 650-653 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Birks, T. A.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russel, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, "Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cavalieri, A. L.

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultue, M. Fiess, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, "Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broad soft-x-ray harmonic continua," New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Z.

A. Rundquist, C. G. DurfeeIII, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Bauckus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phasematched generation of coherent soft x-rays," Science 280, 1412-1415 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corkum, P. B.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, Ch. Speilmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, "X-Ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier," Science 291, 1923-1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cregan, R. F.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russel, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, "Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Silvestri, S.

M. Nisoli, S. de Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793-2797 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Drescher, M.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, Ch. Speilmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, "X-Ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier," Science 291, 1923-1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Durfee, C. G.

C. G. DurfeeIII, S. Backus, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, "Intense 8-fs pulse generation in the deep ultraviolet," Opt. Lett. 24, 697-699 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Rundquist, C. G. DurfeeIII, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Bauckus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phasematched generation of coherent soft x-rays," Science 280, 1412-1415 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Engeness, T. D.

Fiess, M.

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultue, M. Fiess, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, "Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broad soft-x-ray harmonic continua," New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fink, Y.

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulous, Y. Fink, "Wavelength-scalable hollow optical fibres with large photonic bandgaps for CO" laser transmission," Nature 420, 650-653 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. G. Johnson, M. Ibanescu, M. Skorobogatiy, O. Weisberg, T. D. Engeness, M. Soljacic, S. A. Jacobs, J. D. Joannopoulous, and Y. Fink, "Low-loss asymptotically single-mode propagation in large-core OmniGuide fibers," Opt. Express 9, 748-780 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Freyer, W.

Gaeta, A. L.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Mueller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gallagher, M. T.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Mueller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goulielmakis, E.

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultue, M. Fiess, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, "Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broad soft-x-ray harmonic continua," New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Harrington, J. A.

Hart, S. D.

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulous, Y. Fink, "Wavelength-scalable hollow optical fibres with large photonic bandgaps for CO" laser transmission," Nature 420, 650-653 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Helml, W.

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultue, M. Fiess, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, "Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broad soft-x-ray harmonic continua," New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hentschel, M.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, Ch. Speilmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, "X-Ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier," Science 291, 1923-1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Herne, C.

A. Rundquist, C. G. DurfeeIII, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Bauckus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phasematched generation of coherent soft x-rays," Science 280, 1412-1415 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Herrmann, J.

Horvath, B.

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultue, M. Fiess, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, "Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broad soft-x-ray harmonic continua," New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Husakou, A.

Ibanescu, M.

Jacobs, S. A.

Joannopoulous, J. D.

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulous, Y. Fink, "Wavelength-scalable hollow optical fibres with large photonic bandgaps for CO" laser transmission," Nature 420, 650-653 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. G. Johnson, M. Ibanescu, M. Skorobogatiy, O. Weisberg, T. D. Engeness, M. Soljacic, S. A. Jacobs, J. D. Joannopoulous, and Y. Fink, "Low-loss asymptotically single-mode propagation in large-core OmniGuide fibers," Opt. Express 9, 748-780 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Johnson, S. G.

Kalosha, V. P.

V. P. Kalosha and J. Herrmann, "Ultrawide psectral broadening and compression of single extremely short pulses in the visible, uv-vuv, and middle infrared by high-order stimulated Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. A 68, 023812 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Kalosha and J. Herrmann, "Pulse compression without chirp control and frequency detuning by high-order coherent Raman scattering in impulsively excited media," Opt. Lett. 26, 456-458 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H. C.

C. G. DurfeeIII, S. Backus, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, "Intense 8-fs pulse generation in the deep ultraviolet," Opt. Lett. 24, 697-699 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Rundquist, C. G. DurfeeIII, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Bauckus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phasematched generation of coherent soft x-rays," Science 280, 1412-1415 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kawakami, S.

M. Miyagi and S. Kawakami, "Design theory of dielectric-coated circular metallic waveguides for infrared transmission," J. Lightwave Technol. 2, 116-126 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Kida, Y.

Kienberger, R.

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultue, M. Fiess, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, "Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broad soft-x-ray harmonic continua," New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, Ch. Speilmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, "X-Ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier," Science 291, 1923-1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knight, J. C.

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russel, "Stimulated Raman Scattering in Hydrogen-Filled Hoolow Core Photonic Crystal Fiber," Science 298, 399-402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russel, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, "Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koch, K. W.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Mueller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Korn, G.

N. Zhavoronkov and G. Korn, "Generation of single intense optical pulses by ultrafast molecular phase modulation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 203901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krausz, F.

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultue, M. Fiess, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, "Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broad soft-x-ray harmonic continua," New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, Ch. Speilmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, "X-Ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier," Science 291, 1923-1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mangan, B. J.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russel, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, "Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marcatili, E. A. J.

E. A. J. Marcatili and R. A. Schmeltzer, "Hollow metallic and dielectric waveguides for long distance optical transmission and lasers," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 43, 1783-1809 (1964).

Marom, E.

Matsuura, Y.

Mero, M.

Miyagi, M.

Y. Matsuura and M. Miyagi, "Er:YAG, CO, and CO2 laser delivery by ZnS-coated Ag hollow waveguides," Appl. Opt. 32, 6598-6601 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Miyagi and S. Kawakami, "Design theory of dielectric-coated circular metallic waveguides for infrared transmission," J. Lightwave Technol. 2, 116-126 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Mueller, D.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Mueller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murnane, M. M.

C. G. DurfeeIII, S. Backus, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, "Intense 8-fs pulse generation in the deep ultraviolet," Opt. Lett. 24, 697-699 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Rundquist, C. G. DurfeeIII, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Bauckus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phasematched generation of coherent soft x-rays," Science 280, 1412-1415 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nisoli, M.

M. Nisoli, S. de Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793-2797 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Noack, F.

Ouzounov, D. G.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Mueller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pervak, V.

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultue, M. Fiess, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, "Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broad soft-x-ray harmonic continua," New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pla, J.

Ranka, J. K.

Reider, G. A.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, Ch. Speilmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, "X-Ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier," Science 291, 1923-1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ritze, H.-H.

Roberts, P. J.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russel, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, "Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rundquist, A.

A. Rundquist, C. G. DurfeeIII, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Bauckus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phasematched generation of coherent soft x-rays," Science 280, 1412-1415 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Russel, P. St. J.

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russel, "Stimulated Raman Scattering in Hydrogen-Filled Hoolow Core Photonic Crystal Fiber," Science 298, 399-402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russel, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, "Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmeltzer, R. A.

E. A. J. Marcatili and R. A. Schmeltzer, "Hollow metallic and dielectric waveguides for long distance optical transmission and lasers," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 43, 1783-1809 (1964).

Schultue, M.

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultue, M. Fiess, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, "Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broad soft-x-ray harmonic continua," New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Silcox, J.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Mueller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Skorobogatiy, M.

Soljacic, M.

Speilmann, Ch.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, Ch. Speilmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, "X-Ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier," Science 291, 1923-1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Steinkeller, O.

Stentz, A. J.

Svelto, O.

M. Nisoli, S. de Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793-2797 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Temelkuran, B.

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulous, Y. Fink, "Wavelength-scalable hollow optical fibres with large photonic bandgaps for CO" laser transmission," Nature 420, 650-653 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tempea, G.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, Ch. Speilmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, "X-Ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier," Science 291, 1923-1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thomas, M. G.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Mueller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tzankov, P.

Uiberacker, M.

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultue, M. Fiess, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, "Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broad soft-x-ray harmonic continua," New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Veisz, L.

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultue, M. Fiess, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, "Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broad soft-x-ray harmonic continua," New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Venkataraman, N.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Mueller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weisberg, O.

Windeler, R. S.

Yakovlev, V. S.

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultue, M. Fiess, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, "Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broad soft-x-ray harmonic continua," New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

Yeh, P.

Zhavoronkov, N.

N. Zhavoronkov and G. Korn, "Generation of single intense optical pulses by ultrafast molecular phase modulation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 203901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zheng, J.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

M. Nisoli, S. de Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793-2797 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bell Syst. Tech. J.

E. A. J. Marcatili and R. A. Schmeltzer, "Hollow metallic and dielectric waveguides for long distance optical transmission and lasers," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 43, 1783-1809 (1964).

J. Lightwave Technol.

M. Miyagi and S. Kawakami, "Design theory of dielectric-coated circular metallic waveguides for infrared transmission," J. Lightwave Technol. 2, 116-126 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

Nature

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulous, Y. Fink, "Wavelength-scalable hollow optical fibres with large photonic bandgaps for CO" laser transmission," Nature 420, 650-653 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

New J. Phys.

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultue, M. Fiess, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, "Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broad soft-x-ray harmonic continua," New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

V. P. Kalosha and J. Herrmann, "Ultrawide psectral broadening and compression of single extremely short pulses in the visible, uv-vuv, and middle infrared by high-order stimulated Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. A 68, 023812 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

N. Zhavoronkov and G. Korn, "Generation of single intense optical pulses by ultrafast molecular phase modulation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 203901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Husakou and J. Herrmann, "Supercontinuum generation of higher-order solitons by fission in photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 203901 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, Ch. Speilmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, "X-Ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier," Science 291, 1923-1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Rundquist, C. G. DurfeeIII, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Bauckus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phasematched generation of coherent soft x-rays," Science 280, 1412-1415 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russel, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, "Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Mueller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russel, "Stimulated Raman Scattering in Hydrogen-Filled Hoolow Core Photonic Crystal Fiber," Science 298, 399-402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

Note that there is a mistake in Eq. (37) in [19]: all explicit expressions 1/x should be substituted by y/x2.

E. D. Palik (ed.), Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids, (Academic Press, New York, 1991).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

The scheme of a dielectric-coated metallic hollow waveguide.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Loss (a),(c),(e) and GVD (b),(d),(f) of argon-filled hollow waveguides with radii of 125 µm (a),(b), 40 µm (c),(d) and 10 µm (e),(f). The silver cladding is coated by a fused-silica layer with thickness a of 0 nm (red solid curves) and 60 nm (green long-dashed curves). The loss of the fused-silica hollow waveguide of the corresponding radius is shown in (a),(c), and (e) by the black dotted curve. The GVD is presented in (b),(d), and (f) for the uncoated silver waveguide for the pressures of 1 atm (thin red solid curves), 10 atm (thick red solid curves), and for 1 atm with coating thickness of a = 60 µm (dashed green curves).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Scattering loss (a),(b) for a silver waveguide with R = 15 µm and a = 84 nm (green long-dashed curves) and a = 0 (blue short-dashed curves) and relative intensity at the inner surface of the waveguide (c) (red solid curve). The average scatterer size σ is 100 nm in (a) and 200 nm in (b).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Loss (a) and GVD (b) of a coated aluminum hollow waveguide with radius of 25 µm (red solid curve) and 40 µm (green dashed curves). The thickness of fused-silica coating a is 15 nm. The GVD is presented for argon pressure of 0.3 atm.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Optimization map for supercontinuum generation (a), and GVD (b) and loss (c) of a coated silver waveguide with optimum parameters R = 15 µm and a = 84 nm. In (a), the average loss of a silver waveguide in the wavelength range from 600 nm to 1200 nm as a function of the waveguide radius R and the coating thickness a is presented. In (b), the gas filling is argon at 1 atm (green dashed curve) and 25 atm (red solid curve).

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Optimization map for 4-wave-mixing (a), and GVD (b), loss (c), and wavevector mismatch (d) of a coated aluminum waveguide with optimum parameters R = 19.5 µm and a = 75 nm. In (b), the gas filling is argon at 0.226 atm. In (a), the average loss at the wavelengths of 160 nm, 266 nm, and 800 nm is presented as a function of R and a. The green curves connect the points with average loss of 4.34 dB/m. In (d), the phase mis-match for the 5th-harmonic generation by four-wave mixing is presented for the optimum waveguide (red solid curve) and for a fused-silica waveguide with the same average loss (green dashed curve).

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

H z = [ C j J l ( k j r ) + D j Y l ( k j r ) ] exp ( i ϕ l ) .
T j = M j + 1 , in 1 M j , out ,
M j , in = ( J l ( k j r j , in ) Y l ( k j r j , in ) 0 0 ω ε j ε 0 β k j J l ( k j r j , in ) ω ε j ε 0 β k j Y l ( k j r j , in ) l r j , in k j 2 J l ( k j r j , in ) l r j , in k j 2 Y l ( k j r j , in ) 0 0 J l ( k j r j , in ) Y l ( k j r j , in ) l r j , in k j 2 J l ( k j r j , in ) l r j , in k j 2 Y l ( k j r j , in ) ω μ 0 β k j J l ( k j r j , in ) ω μ 0 β k j Y l ( k j r j , in ) ) .
α r = ( ω c ) 4 V S 2 ρ s R I s Δ ε 2 I 0 a M 1 3 π

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