Abstract

A tunable comb filter based on a fiber loop mirror setup, which incorporates a piece of pumped erbium-ytterbium co-doped polarization maintaining fiber, is newly presented. It is accomplished by controlling the pump power or adjusting a polarization controller in the loop mirror, which results from the fact that the effective birefringence of the erbium-ytterbium co-doped polarization maintaining fiber depends on the pump power and polarization state of the traversing signal. By using the proposed comb filter, a continuously tunable multiwavelength fiber ring laser in the L-band is successfully demonstrated.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. Kim, J. Kwon, S. Kim, and B. Lee, "Multiplexed strain sensor using fiber grating-tuned fiber laser with a semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 350-351 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. R. Chen, "Tunable multiwavelength fiber ring lasers using a programmable high-birefringence fiber loop mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 410-412 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. X. Liu, X. Zhou, X. Tang, J. Ng, J. Hao, T. Chai, E. Leong, and C. Lu, "Switchable and tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with fiber Bragg gratings and photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1626-1628 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. X. Liu, X. fang, F. Lu, J. Ng, X. Zhou and C. Lu, "Stable and uniform dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on fiber Bragg gratings and photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express 13, 142-147 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. Bellemare, M. Karasek, M. Rochette, S. LaRochelle, and M. Tetu, "Room temperature multifrequency erbium-doped fiber lasers anchored on the ITU frequency grid," J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 825-831 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  11. D. S. Moon, B. H. Kim, A. Lin, G. Sun, W. Han, Y. Han and Y. Chung, "Tunable multi-wavelength SOA fiber laser based on a Sagnac loop mirror using an elliptical core side-hole fiber," Opt. Express 15, 8371-8376 (2007),
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    [CrossRef]
  13. K. L. Lee, M. P. Fok, S. M. Wan, and C. Shu, "Optically controlled Sagnac loop comb filter," Opt. Express 12, 6335-6340 (2004).
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  19. C. Thirstrup, Y. Shi, and B. Palsdottir, "Pump-induced refractive index modulation and dispersions in Er3+-doped fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 732-738 (1996).
    [CrossRef]

2007

2006

2005

2004

K. L. Lee, M. P. Fok, S. M. Wan, and C. Shu, "Optically controlled Sagnac loop comb filter," Opt. Express 12, 6335-6340 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. R. Chen, "Tunable multiwavelength fiber ring lasers using a programmable high-birefringence fiber loop mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 410-412 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

C.-S. Kim, R. M. Sova and J. U. Kang, "Tunable multi-wavelength all-fiber Raman source using fiber Sagnac loop filter," Opt. Commun. 218, 291-295 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

J. Sun, Y. Zhang, and X. Zhang, "Multiwavelength lasers based on semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 750-752 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

S. Kim, J. Kwon, S. Kim, and B. Lee, "Multiplexed strain sensor using fiber grating-tuned fiber laser with a semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 350-351 (2001).
[CrossRef]

N. Pleros, C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Thophilopoulos, K. Yiannopoulos, S. Sygletos, and H. Avramopoulos, "Multiwavelength and power equalized SOA laser sources," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 693-695 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Calvez, X. Rejeaunier, P. Mollier, J.-P. Goedgebuer and W. T. Rhodes, "Erbium-doped fiber laser tuning using two cascaded unbalanced Mach-Zehnder interferometers as intracavity filter: numerical analysis and experimental configuration," J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 893-898 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

1998

1996

C. Thirstrup, Y. Shi, and B. Palsdottir, "Pump-induced refractive index modulation and dispersions in Er3+-doped fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 732-738 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994

1991

F. Heismann and M. S. Whalen, "Broadband reset-free automatic polarization controller," Electron. Lett. 27, 377-379 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Avramopoulos, H.

N. Pleros, C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Thophilopoulos, K. Yiannopoulos, S. Sygletos, and H. Avramopoulos, "Multiwavelength and power equalized SOA laser sources," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 693-695 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ball, G. A.

Bellemare, A.

Bintjas, C.

N. Pleros, C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Thophilopoulos, K. Yiannopoulos, S. Sygletos, and H. Avramopoulos, "Multiwavelength and power equalized SOA laser sources," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 693-695 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Calvez, S.

Chai, T.

X. Liu, X. Zhou, X. Tang, J. Ng, J. Hao, T. Chai, E. Leong, and C. Lu, "Switchable and tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with fiber Bragg gratings and photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1626-1628 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L. R.

L. R. Chen, "Tunable multiwavelength fiber ring lasers using a programmable high-birefringence fiber loop mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 410-412 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chung, Y.

Digonnet, M. J. F.

Dong, X.

Falquier, D. G.

Fan, X.

Feng, X.

Fok, M. P.

M. P. Fok, K. L. Lee, and C. Shu, "Waveband-switchable SOA ring laser constructed with a phase modulator loop mirror filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1393-1395 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Lee, M. P. Fok, S. M. Wan, and C. Shu, "Optically controlled Sagnac loop comb filter," Opt. Express 12, 6335-6340 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Garcia, H.

Goedgebuer, J.-P.

Han, W.

Han, Y.

Hao, J.

X. Liu, X. Zhou, X. Tang, J. Ng, J. Hao, T. Chai, E. Leong, and C. Lu, "Switchable and tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with fiber Bragg gratings and photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1626-1628 (2005).
[CrossRef]

He, Z.

Heismann, F.

F. Heismann and M. S. Whalen, "Broadband reset-free automatic polarization controller," Electron. Lett. 27, 377-379 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hotate, K.

Johnson, A. M.

Kai, G.

Kalyvas, M.

N. Pleros, C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Thophilopoulos, K. Yiannopoulos, S. Sygletos, and H. Avramopoulos, "Multiwavelength and power equalized SOA laser sources," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 693-695 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kang, J. U.

C.-S. Kim, R. M. Sova and J. U. Kang, "Tunable multi-wavelength all-fiber Raman source using fiber Sagnac loop filter," Opt. Commun. 218, 291-295 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Karasek, M.

Kim, B. H.

Kim, C.-S.

C.-S. Kim, R. M. Sova and J. U. Kang, "Tunable multi-wavelength all-fiber Raman source using fiber Sagnac loop filter," Opt. Commun. 218, 291-295 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S.

S. Kim, J. Kwon, S. Kim, and B. Lee, "Multiplexed strain sensor using fiber grating-tuned fiber laser with a semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 350-351 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Kim, J. Kwon, S. Kim, and B. Lee, "Multiplexed strain sensor using fiber grating-tuned fiber laser with a semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 350-351 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kwon, J.

S. Kim, J. Kwon, S. Kim, and B. Lee, "Multiplexed strain sensor using fiber grating-tuned fiber laser with a semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 350-351 (2001).
[CrossRef]

LaRochelle, S.

Lee, B.

S. Kim, J. Kwon, S. Kim, and B. Lee, "Multiplexed strain sensor using fiber grating-tuned fiber laser with a semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 350-351 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K. L.

M. P. Fok, K. L. Lee, and C. Shu, "Waveband-switchable SOA ring laser constructed with a phase modulator loop mirror filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1393-1395 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Lee, M. P. Fok, S. M. Wan, and C. Shu, "Optically controlled Sagnac loop comb filter," Opt. Express 12, 6335-6340 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leong, E.

X. Liu, X. Zhou, X. Tang, J. Ng, J. Hao, T. Chai, E. Leong, and C. Lu, "Switchable and tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with fiber Bragg gratings and photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1626-1628 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lin, A.

Liu, B.

Liu, X.

X. Liu, X. fang, F. Lu, J. Ng, X. Zhou and C. Lu, "Stable and uniform dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on fiber Bragg gratings and photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express 13, 142-147 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Liu, X. Zhou, X. Tang, J. Ng, J. Hao, T. Chai, E. Leong, and C. Lu, "Switchable and tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with fiber Bragg gratings and photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1626-1628 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Lu, C.

X. Liu, X. Zhou, X. Tang, J. Ng, J. Hao, T. Chai, E. Leong, and C. Lu, "Switchable and tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with fiber Bragg gratings and photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1626-1628 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mollier, P.

Moon, D. S.

Morey, W. W.

Ng, J.

X. Liu, X. Zhou, X. Tang, J. Ng, J. Hao, T. Chai, E. Leong, and C. Lu, "Switchable and tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with fiber Bragg gratings and photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1626-1628 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Oguama, F. A.

Palsdottir, B.

C. Thirstrup, Y. Shi, and B. Palsdottir, "Pump-induced refractive index modulation and dispersions in Er3+-doped fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 732-738 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Pleros, N.

N. Pleros, C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Thophilopoulos, K. Yiannopoulos, S. Sygletos, and H. Avramopoulos, "Multiwavelength and power equalized SOA laser sources," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 693-695 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rejeaunier, X.

Rhodes, W. T.

Rochette, M.

Shaw, H. J.

Shi, Y.

C. Thirstrup, Y. Shi, and B. Palsdottir, "Pump-induced refractive index modulation and dispersions in Er3+-doped fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 732-738 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Shu, C.

M. P. Fok, K. L. Lee, and C. Shu, "Waveband-switchable SOA ring laser constructed with a phase modulator loop mirror filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1393-1395 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Lee, M. P. Fok, S. M. Wan, and C. Shu, "Optically controlled Sagnac loop comb filter," Opt. Express 12, 6335-6340 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sova, R. M.

C.-S. Kim, R. M. Sova and J. U. Kang, "Tunable multi-wavelength all-fiber Raman source using fiber Sagnac loop filter," Opt. Commun. 218, 291-295 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sun, G.

Sun, J.

J. Sun, Y. Zhang, and X. Zhang, "Multiwavelength lasers based on semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 750-752 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sygletos, S.

N. Pleros, C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Thophilopoulos, K. Yiannopoulos, S. Sygletos, and H. Avramopoulos, "Multiwavelength and power equalized SOA laser sources," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 693-695 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tang, X.

X. Liu, X. Zhou, X. Tang, J. Ng, J. Hao, T. Chai, E. Leong, and C. Lu, "Switchable and tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with fiber Bragg gratings and photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1626-1628 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tetu, M.

Thirstrup, C.

C. Thirstrup, Y. Shi, and B. Palsdottir, "Pump-induced refractive index modulation and dispersions in Er3+-doped fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 732-738 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Thophilopoulos, G.

N. Pleros, C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Thophilopoulos, K. Yiannopoulos, S. Sygletos, and H. Avramopoulos, "Multiwavelength and power equalized SOA laser sources," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 693-695 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Trivedi, S.

Wagener, J. L.

Wan, S. M.

Whalen, M. S.

F. Heismann and M. S. Whalen, "Broadband reset-free automatic polarization controller," Electron. Lett. 27, 377-379 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Yiannopoulos, K.

N. Pleros, C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Thophilopoulos, K. Yiannopoulos, S. Sygletos, and H. Avramopoulos, "Multiwavelength and power equalized SOA laser sources," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 693-695 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, S.

Zhang, W.

Zhang, X.

J. Sun, Y. Zhang, and X. Zhang, "Multiwavelength lasers based on semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 750-752 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

J. Sun, Y. Zhang, and X. Zhang, "Multiwavelength lasers based on semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 750-752 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, G.

Zhou, X.

X. Liu, X. Zhou, X. Tang, J. Ng, J. Hao, T. Chai, E. Leong, and C. Lu, "Switchable and tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with fiber Bragg gratings and photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1626-1628 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Electron. Lett.

F. Heismann and M. S. Whalen, "Broadband reset-free automatic polarization controller," Electron. Lett. 27, 377-379 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

M. P. Fok, K. L. Lee, and C. Shu, "Waveband-switchable SOA ring laser constructed with a phase modulator loop mirror filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1393-1395 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Kim, J. Kwon, S. Kim, and B. Lee, "Multiplexed strain sensor using fiber grating-tuned fiber laser with a semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 350-351 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Chen, "Tunable multiwavelength fiber ring lasers using a programmable high-birefringence fiber loop mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 410-412 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, X. Zhou, X. Tang, J. Ng, J. Hao, T. Chai, E. Leong, and C. Lu, "Switchable and tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with fiber Bragg gratings and photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1626-1628 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Pleros, C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Thophilopoulos, K. Yiannopoulos, S. Sygletos, and H. Avramopoulos, "Multiwavelength and power equalized SOA laser sources," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 693-695 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Sun, Y. Zhang, and X. Zhang, "Multiwavelength lasers based on semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 750-752 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Commun.

C.-S. Kim, R. M. Sova and J. U. Kang, "Tunable multi-wavelength all-fiber Raman source using fiber Sagnac loop filter," Opt. Commun. 218, 291-295 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

The experimental setup of our proposed L-band tunable multiwavelength fiber ring laser.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Optical spectra of the amplified spontaneous emissions for one SOA and two cascaded SOAs.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured output spectra under different settings of the PC1 with (a) 3.6 m; (b) 10 m EYD-MF.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Measured output spectra under different injection currents for the 980 nm LD with (a) 3.6-m EYD-PMF and (b) 10-m EYD-PMF.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

The output spectra shift of the tunable multiwavelength fiber ring laser: (a) different settings of PC1 with 600 mA injection current for the 980 nm LD; (b) different injection currents for the 980 nm LD with PC1 fixed.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a) The optimal output spectrum of the fiber laser with 600 mA injection current for the 980 nm LD; (b) Repeated scans of the output power at lasing wavelengths at time interval of 1 minute.

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