Abstract

A model of plasma formation induced by UV nanosecond pulse-laser interaction with SiO2 thin film based on nanoabsorber is proposed. The model considers the temperature dependence of band gap. The numerical results show that during the process of nanosecond pulsed-laser interaction with SiO2 thin film, foreign inclusion which absorbs a fraction of incident radiation heats the surrounding host material through heat conduction causing the decrease of the band gap and consequently, the transformation of the initial transparent matrix into an absorptive medium around the inclusion, thus facilitates optical damage. Qualitative comparison with experiments is also provided.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. Papernov and A.W. Schmid, "Correlations between embedded single gold nanoparticles in SiO2 thin film and nanoscale crater formation induced by pulsed-laser irradiation," J. Appl. Phys. 92, 5720 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. I. Kudryashov, S. D. Allen, S. Papernov, and A. W. Schmid, "Nanoscale laser-induced spallation in SiO2 films containing gold nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. B. 82, 523 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. M. Rubenchik and M. D. Feit, "Initiation, Growth and Mitigation of UV laser induced damage in fused silica," Proc. SPIE 4347, 79 (2001).
  4. M. D. Feit and A. M. Rubenchik, "Implications of nanoabsorber initiators for damage probability curves, pulselength scaling and laser conditioning," Proc. SPIE 5273, 74 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, A. M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, "Localized dynamics during laser-induced damage in optical materials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 087401 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. Papernov and A. W. Schmid, "Two mechanisms of crater formation in ultraviolet-pulsed-laser irradiated SiO2 thin films with artificial defects," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 114906 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Z. Xia, J. Shao, Z. Fan, and S. Wu, "Thermo-dynamical damage mechanism of transparent filmscaused by low power density laser pulse," Appl. Opt. 45, 825 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, "Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. C. W. Carr and J. M. Auerbach, "Effect of multiple wavelength on laser-induced damage in KH(2-x0DxPO4 crystals," Opt. Lett. 31, 595 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. P. Grua, J. P. Morreeuw, and H. Becegol, "Electron kinetics and emission for metal nanopartcles exposed to intense laser pulses," Phys. Rev. B. 68, 035424 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. F. Koldunov, A. A. Manenkov, and I. L. Pocotilo, "The theory of inclusion-initiated laser damage in optical materials: the thermal explosion mechanism," 1988 Laser-induced Damage in Optical Materials NIST (U. S) special publication 775, pp. 502-515 (1989).
  12. C. H. Chan, "Effective absorption for thermal blooming due to aerosols," Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 628 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. C. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, "Short-pulse laser damage in transparent materials as a function of pulse duration," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3883 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  14. K. Saito and A. J. Ikushima, "Absorption edge in silica glass," Phys. Rev. B 62, 8584 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  15. X. Zhilin, D. Degang, F. Zhengxiu, and S. Jianda, "Development in laser induced extrinsic absorption damage mechanism of dielectric films," Chin. Phy. Lett. 23, 2179 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  16. L. Enke, Z. Bingsheng, L. Jinsheng et al., The Physics of Semiconductor (in Chinese), the fourth edition (National Defence Press, Beijing) 1997, pp. 28.
  17. S. Eliezer, The Interaction of High-Power Lasers with Plasmas, (Institute of Physics Publishing, Bristol and Philadelphia, 2002).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. D. Feit, L. W. Hrubesh, A. M. Rubenchik, and J. Wong, "Scaling relations for laser damage initiation craters," Proc. SPIE 4347, 308 (2001).

2006 (4)

S. I. Kudryashov, S. D. Allen, S. Papernov, and A. W. Schmid, "Nanoscale laser-induced spallation in SiO2 films containing gold nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. B. 82, 523 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. Xia, J. Shao, Z. Fan, and S. Wu, "Thermo-dynamical damage mechanism of transparent filmscaused by low power density laser pulse," Appl. Opt. 45, 825 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr and J. M. Auerbach, "Effect of multiple wavelength on laser-induced damage in KH(2-x0DxPO4 crystals," Opt. Lett. 31, 595 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Zhilin, D. Degang, F. Zhengxiu, and S. Jianda, "Development in laser induced extrinsic absorption damage mechanism of dielectric films," Chin. Phy. Lett. 23, 2179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

S. Papernov and A. W. Schmid, "Two mechanisms of crater formation in ultraviolet-pulsed-laser irradiated SiO2 thin films with artificial defects," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 114906 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, A. M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, "Localized dynamics during laser-induced damage in optical materials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 087401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

M. D. Feit and A. M. Rubenchik, "Implications of nanoabsorber initiators for damage probability curves, pulselength scaling and laser conditioning," Proc. SPIE 5273, 74 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Grua, J. P. Morreeuw, and H. Becegol, "Electron kinetics and emission for metal nanopartcles exposed to intense laser pulses," Phys. Rev. B. 68, 035424 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

S. Papernov and A.W. Schmid, "Correlations between embedded single gold nanoparticles in SiO2 thin film and nanoscale crater formation induced by pulsed-laser irradiation," J. Appl. Phys. 92, 5720 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

A. M. Rubenchik and M. D. Feit, "Initiation, Growth and Mitigation of UV laser induced damage in fused silica," Proc. SPIE 4347, 79 (2001).

M. D. Feit, L. W. Hrubesh, A. M. Rubenchik, and J. Wong, "Scaling relations for laser damage initiation craters," Proc. SPIE 4347, 308 (2001).

2000 (1)

K. Saito and A. J. Ikushima, "Absorption edge in silica glass," Phys. Rev. B 62, 8584 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

A. C. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, "Short-pulse laser damage in transparent materials as a function of pulse duration," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3883 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, "Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

M. F. Koldunov, A. A. Manenkov, and I. L. Pocotilo, "The theory of inclusion-initiated laser damage in optical materials: the thermal explosion mechanism," 1988 Laser-induced Damage in Optical Materials NIST (U. S) special publication 775, pp. 502-515 (1989).

1975 (1)

C. H. Chan, "Effective absorption for thermal blooming due to aerosols," Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 628 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Allen, S. D.

S. I. Kudryashov, S. D. Allen, S. Papernov, and A. W. Schmid, "Nanoscale laser-induced spallation in SiO2 films containing gold nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. B. 82, 523 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Auerbach, J. M.

Backus, S.

A. C. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, "Short-pulse laser damage in transparent materials as a function of pulse duration," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3883 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Becegol, H.

P. Grua, J. P. Morreeuw, and H. Becegol, "Electron kinetics and emission for metal nanopartcles exposed to intense laser pulses," Phys. Rev. B. 68, 035424 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Carr, C. W.

C. W. Carr and J. M. Auerbach, "Effect of multiple wavelength on laser-induced damage in KH(2-x0DxPO4 crystals," Opt. Lett. 31, 595 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, A. M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, "Localized dynamics during laser-induced damage in optical materials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 087401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chan, C. H.

C. H. Chan, "Effective absorption for thermal blooming due to aerosols," Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 628 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Degang, D.

X. Zhilin, D. Degang, F. Zhengxiu, and S. Jianda, "Development in laser induced extrinsic absorption damage mechanism of dielectric films," Chin. Phy. Lett. 23, 2179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Demos, S. G.

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, A. M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, "Localized dynamics during laser-induced damage in optical materials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 087401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, Z.

Z. Xia, J. Shao, Z. Fan, and S. Wu, "Thermo-dynamical damage mechanism of transparent filmscaused by low power density laser pulse," Appl. Opt. 45, 825 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Feit, M. D.

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, A. M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, "Localized dynamics during laser-induced damage in optical materials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 087401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Feit and A. M. Rubenchik, "Implications of nanoabsorber initiators for damage probability curves, pulselength scaling and laser conditioning," Proc. SPIE 5273, 74 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Rubenchik and M. D. Feit, "Initiation, Growth and Mitigation of UV laser induced damage in fused silica," Proc. SPIE 4347, 79 (2001).

M. D. Feit, L. W. Hrubesh, A. M. Rubenchik, and J. Wong, "Scaling relations for laser damage initiation craters," Proc. SPIE 4347, 308 (2001).

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, "Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grua, P.

P. Grua, J. P. Morreeuw, and H. Becegol, "Electron kinetics and emission for metal nanopartcles exposed to intense laser pulses," Phys. Rev. B. 68, 035424 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hrubesh, L. W.

M. D. Feit, L. W. Hrubesh, A. M. Rubenchik, and J. Wong, "Scaling relations for laser damage initiation craters," Proc. SPIE 4347, 308 (2001).

Ikushima, A. J.

K. Saito and A. J. Ikushima, "Absorption edge in silica glass," Phys. Rev. B 62, 8584 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jianda, S.

X. Zhilin, D. Degang, F. Zhengxiu, and S. Jianda, "Development in laser induced extrinsic absorption damage mechanism of dielectric films," Chin. Phy. Lett. 23, 2179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H.

A. C. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, "Short-pulse laser damage in transparent materials as a function of pulse duration," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3883 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Koldunov,

M. F. Koldunov, A. A. Manenkov, and I. L. Pocotilo, "The theory of inclusion-initiated laser damage in optical materials: the thermal explosion mechanism," 1988 Laser-induced Damage in Optical Materials NIST (U. S) special publication 775, pp. 502-515 (1989).

Kudryashov, S. I.

S. I. Kudryashov, S. D. Allen, S. Papernov, and A. W. Schmid, "Nanoscale laser-induced spallation in SiO2 films containing gold nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. B. 82, 523 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Morreeuw, J. P.

P. Grua, J. P. Morreeuw, and H. Becegol, "Electron kinetics and emission for metal nanopartcles exposed to intense laser pulses," Phys. Rev. B. 68, 035424 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mourou, G.

A. C. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, "Short-pulse laser damage in transparent materials as a function of pulse duration," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3883 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Murnane, M.

A. C. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, "Short-pulse laser damage in transparent materials as a function of pulse duration," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3883 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Papernov, S.

S. I. Kudryashov, S. D. Allen, S. Papernov, and A. W. Schmid, "Nanoscale laser-induced spallation in SiO2 films containing gold nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. B. 82, 523 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Papernov and A. W. Schmid, "Two mechanisms of crater formation in ultraviolet-pulsed-laser irradiated SiO2 thin films with artificial defects," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 114906 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Papernov and A.W. Schmid, "Correlations between embedded single gold nanoparticles in SiO2 thin film and nanoscale crater formation induced by pulsed-laser irradiation," J. Appl. Phys. 92, 5720 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Perry, M. D.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, "Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Radousky, H. B.

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, A. M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, "Localized dynamics during laser-induced damage in optical materials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 087401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rubenchik, A. M.

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, A. M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, "Localized dynamics during laser-induced damage in optical materials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 087401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Feit and A. M. Rubenchik, "Implications of nanoabsorber initiators for damage probability curves, pulselength scaling and laser conditioning," Proc. SPIE 5273, 74 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Rubenchik and M. D. Feit, "Initiation, Growth and Mitigation of UV laser induced damage in fused silica," Proc. SPIE 4347, 79 (2001).

M. D. Feit, L. W. Hrubesh, A. M. Rubenchik, and J. Wong, "Scaling relations for laser damage initiation craters," Proc. SPIE 4347, 308 (2001).

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, "Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saito, K.

K. Saito and A. J. Ikushima, "Absorption edge in silica glass," Phys. Rev. B 62, 8584 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schmid, A. W.

S. I. Kudryashov, S. D. Allen, S. Papernov, and A. W. Schmid, "Nanoscale laser-induced spallation in SiO2 films containing gold nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. B. 82, 523 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Papernov and A. W. Schmid, "Two mechanisms of crater formation in ultraviolet-pulsed-laser irradiated SiO2 thin films with artificial defects," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 114906 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schmid, A.W.

S. Papernov and A.W. Schmid, "Correlations between embedded single gold nanoparticles in SiO2 thin film and nanoscale crater formation induced by pulsed-laser irradiation," J. Appl. Phys. 92, 5720 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shao, J.

Z. Xia, J. Shao, Z. Fan, and S. Wu, "Thermo-dynamical damage mechanism of transparent filmscaused by low power density laser pulse," Appl. Opt. 45, 825 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shore, B. W.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, "Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stuart, B. C.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, "Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tien, A. C.

A. C. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, "Short-pulse laser damage in transparent materials as a function of pulse duration," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3883 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wong, J.

M. D. Feit, L. W. Hrubesh, A. M. Rubenchik, and J. Wong, "Scaling relations for laser damage initiation craters," Proc. SPIE 4347, 308 (2001).

Wu, S.

Z. Xia, J. Shao, Z. Fan, and S. Wu, "Thermo-dynamical damage mechanism of transparent filmscaused by low power density laser pulse," Appl. Opt. 45, 825 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xia, Z.

Z. Xia, J. Shao, Z. Fan, and S. Wu, "Thermo-dynamical damage mechanism of transparent filmscaused by low power density laser pulse," Appl. Opt. 45, 825 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhengxiu, F.

X. Zhilin, D. Degang, F. Zhengxiu, and S. Jianda, "Development in laser induced extrinsic absorption damage mechanism of dielectric films," Chin. Phy. Lett. 23, 2179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhilin, X.

X. Zhilin, D. Degang, F. Zhengxiu, and S. Jianda, "Development in laser induced extrinsic absorption damage mechanism of dielectric films," Chin. Phy. Lett. 23, 2179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Z. Xia, J. Shao, Z. Fan, and S. Wu, "Thermo-dynamical damage mechanism of transparent filmscaused by low power density laser pulse," Appl. Opt. 45, 825 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B. (1)

S. I. Kudryashov, S. D. Allen, S. Papernov, and A. W. Schmid, "Nanoscale laser-induced spallation in SiO2 films containing gold nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. B. 82, 523 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. H. Chan, "Effective absorption for thermal blooming due to aerosols," Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 628 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Phy. Lett. (1)

X. Zhilin, D. Degang, F. Zhengxiu, and S. Jianda, "Development in laser induced extrinsic absorption damage mechanism of dielectric films," Chin. Phy. Lett. 23, 2179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

S. Papernov and A. W. Schmid, "Two mechanisms of crater formation in ultraviolet-pulsed-laser irradiated SiO2 thin films with artificial defects," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 114906 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Papernov and A.W. Schmid, "Correlations between embedded single gold nanoparticles in SiO2 thin film and nanoscale crater formation induced by pulsed-laser irradiation," J. Appl. Phys. 92, 5720 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

pecial publication (1)

M. F. Koldunov, A. A. Manenkov, and I. L. Pocotilo, "The theory of inclusion-initiated laser damage in optical materials: the thermal explosion mechanism," 1988 Laser-induced Damage in Optical Materials NIST (U. S) special publication 775, pp. 502-515 (1989).

Phys. Rev. B (1)

K. Saito and A. J. Ikushima, "Absorption edge in silica glass," Phys. Rev. B 62, 8584 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B. (1)

P. Grua, J. P. Morreeuw, and H. Becegol, "Electron kinetics and emission for metal nanopartcles exposed to intense laser pulses," Phys. Rev. B. 68, 035424 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, "Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, A. M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, "Localized dynamics during laser-induced damage in optical materials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 087401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. C. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, "Short-pulse laser damage in transparent materials as a function of pulse duration," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3883 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (3)

M. D. Feit, L. W. Hrubesh, A. M. Rubenchik, and J. Wong, "Scaling relations for laser damage initiation craters," Proc. SPIE 4347, 308 (2001).

A. M. Rubenchik and M. D. Feit, "Initiation, Growth and Mitigation of UV laser induced damage in fused silica," Proc. SPIE 4347, 79 (2001).

M. D. Feit and A. M. Rubenchik, "Implications of nanoabsorber initiators for damage probability curves, pulselength scaling and laser conditioning," Proc. SPIE 5273, 74 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

L. Enke, Z. Bingsheng, L. Jinsheng et al., The Physics of Semiconductor (in Chinese), the fourth edition (National Defence Press, Beijing) 1997, pp. 28.

S. Eliezer, The Interaction of High-Power Lasers with Plasmas, (Institute of Physics Publishing, Bristol and Philadelphia, 2002).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Calculated evolution of free electron density for single photon absorption as a function of laser intensity

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Evolution of free electron density as a function of band gap

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Evolution of free electron density as a function of the B1

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Evolution of free electron density as a function of the B3

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Experimental damage crates measured by Veeco optical profiling system

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table. 1 Main parameters used in calculation

Equations (10)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ρ h c h T t = K h 1 r 2 r ( r 2 T r )
I Q i π a 2 = 4 π a 2 K h ( T r ) r = a + 4 3 π a 3 ρ i c i ( T t ) r = a
T = Q i Ia 4 K h ( 1 e 4 D τ a 2 )
E g ( T ) = E go B 1 T 2 B 2 + T
d n d t = α h I ħ ω
α h = C 1 ( T ) [ ħ ω E g ( T ) p E p ] 2
dn dt = β In
r = r 0 exp γ
E = F π λ 2
R m = 0.6 h d

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