Abstract

A new passively self-Q-switched Nd, Cr:GdVO4 laser crystal was grown by Czochralski method for the first time to our knowledge. Polarized absorption spectra were measured at room temperature. The absorption bands display polarization character and an absorption band of Cr5+ ions at 1110 nm enables the crystal to be a self-Q-switched laser material at 1.06 µm. In the passive self-Q-switching operation, the maximum output power, shortest pulse width, and largest pulse energy were obtained to be 265 mW, 230 ns, and 1.12 µJ, respectively.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. A. Danilov, V. L. Evstigneev, N. N. Il'ichev, A. A. Malyutin, M. Yu, Nikol'ski?, A. F. Umyskov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, "Compact GSGG:Cr3+:Nd3+ laser with passive Q switching," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 573-574 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  2. B. X. Jiang, Z. W. Zhao, X. D. Xu, P. X. Song, and J. Xu, "Study of the effects of Cr ions on Nd in self-Q-switched laser crystal Cr4+,Nd3+:Gd3Ga5O12," Proc. SPIE. 5627, 167-171 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Dong and K. Ueda, "Observation of repetitively nanosecond pulse-width transverse patterns in microchip self-Q-switched laser," Phys. Rev. A  73, 053824 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Dong, P. Deng, Y. Lu, Y. Zhang, Y. Liu, J. Xu, and W. Chen, "Laser-diode-pumped Cr4+,Nd3+:YAG with self-Q-switched laser output of 1.4 W," Opt. Lett. 25, 1101-1103 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Zhou, K. K. Lee, Y. C. Chen, and S. Li, "Monolithic self-Q-switched Cr,Nd:YAG laser," Opt. Lett. 18, 511-512 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. Dong and K. Ueda, "Longitudinal-mode competition induced instabilities of Cr4+,Nd3+:Y3Al5O12 self-Q-switched two-mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 151102 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. A. Zolotovskaya, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, "Absorption saturation properties and laser Q-switch performance of Cr5+-doped YVO4 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 86, 667-671 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z.P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, W. L Gao, X. T. Tao, J. H. Liu, X. Y. Zhang, and M. H. Jiang, "Cr5+:GdVO4 as a saturable absorber for a diode-pumped Nd:Lu0.5Gd0.5VO4 laser," Opt. Express 15, 11679-11684 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. R. A. Fields, M. Birnbaum, and C. L. Fincher, "Highly efficient Nd:YVO4 diode-laser end-pumped laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1885-1886 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Scherbakov, "Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd: GdVO4," Appl. Phys. B 58, 373-379 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Wang, C. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. Shao, X. Meng, X. Hu, M, Jiang, and Y. T. Chow, "Characterization of the laser crystal Nd:GdVO4," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 18-27 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  12. C. Maunier, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorgé, "Growth, spectroscopic characterization, and laser performance of Nd:LuVO4, a new infrared laser materials that is suitable for diode pumping," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1794-1800 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (2)

S. A. Zolotovskaya, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, "Absorption saturation properties and laser Q-switch performance of Cr5+-doped YVO4 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 86, 667-671 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z.P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, W. L Gao, X. T. Tao, J. H. Liu, X. Y. Zhang, and M. H. Jiang, "Cr5+:GdVO4 as a saturable absorber for a diode-pumped Nd:Lu0.5Gd0.5VO4 laser," Opt. Express 15, 11679-11684 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

J. Dong and K. Ueda, "Observation of repetitively nanosecond pulse-width transverse patterns in microchip self-Q-switched laser," Phys. Rev. A  73, 053824 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

B. X. Jiang, Z. W. Zhao, X. D. Xu, P. X. Song, and J. Xu, "Study of the effects of Cr ions on Nd in self-Q-switched laser crystal Cr4+,Nd3+:Gd3Ga5O12," Proc. SPIE. 5627, 167-171 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Dong and K. Ueda, "Longitudinal-mode competition induced instabilities of Cr4+,Nd3+:Y3Al5O12 self-Q-switched two-mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 151102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

2000 (1)

1994 (1)

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Scherbakov, "Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd: GdVO4," Appl. Phys. B 58, 373-379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1987 (2)

A. A. Danilov, V. L. Evstigneev, N. N. Il'ichev, A. A. Malyutin, M. Yu, Nikol'ski?, A. F. Umyskov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, "Compact GSGG:Cr3+:Nd3+ laser with passive Q switching," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 573-574 (1987).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Fields, M. Birnbaum, and C. L. Fincher, "Highly efficient Nd:YVO4 diode-laser end-pumped laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1885-1886 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Birnbaum, M.

R. A. Fields, M. Birnbaum, and C. L. Fincher, "Highly efficient Nd:YVO4 diode-laser end-pumped laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1885-1886 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Chen, W.

Chen, Y. C.

Danilov, A. A.

A. A. Danilov, V. L. Evstigneev, N. N. Il'ichev, A. A. Malyutin, M. Yu, Nikol'ski?, A. F. Umyskov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, "Compact GSGG:Cr3+:Nd3+ laser with passive Q switching," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 573-574 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Deng, P.

Dong, J.

J. Dong and K. Ueda, "Observation of repetitively nanosecond pulse-width transverse patterns in microchip self-Q-switched laser," Phys. Rev. A  73, 053824 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Dong and K. Ueda, "Longitudinal-mode competition induced instabilities of Cr4+,Nd3+:Y3Al5O12 self-Q-switched two-mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 151102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Dong, P. Deng, Y. Lu, Y. Zhang, Y. Liu, J. Xu, and W. Chen, "Laser-diode-pumped Cr4+,Nd3+:YAG with self-Q-switched laser output of 1.4 W," Opt. Lett. 25, 1101-1103 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Doualan, J. L.

Evstigneev, V. L.

A. A. Danilov, V. L. Evstigneev, N. N. Il'ichev, A. A. Malyutin, M. Yu, Nikol'ski?, A. F. Umyskov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, "Compact GSGG:Cr3+:Nd3+ laser with passive Q switching," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 573-574 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Fields, R. A.

R. A. Fields, M. Birnbaum, and C. L. Fincher, "Highly efficient Nd:YVO4 diode-laser end-pumped laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1885-1886 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Fincher, C. L.

R. A. Fields, M. Birnbaum, and C. L. Fincher, "Highly efficient Nd:YVO4 diode-laser end-pumped laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1885-1886 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Gao, W. L

Hu, X.

Huber, G.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Scherbakov, "Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd: GdVO4," Appl. Phys. B 58, 373-379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Il'ichev, N. N.

A. A. Danilov, V. L. Evstigneev, N. N. Il'ichev, A. A. Malyutin, M. Yu, Nikol'ski?, A. F. Umyskov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, "Compact GSGG:Cr3+:Nd3+ laser with passive Q switching," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 573-574 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Jensen, T.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Scherbakov, "Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd: GdVO4," Appl. Phys. B 58, 373-379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, B. X.

B. X. Jiang, Z. W. Zhao, X. D. Xu, P. X. Song, and J. Xu, "Study of the effects of Cr ions on Nd in self-Q-switched laser crystal Cr4+,Nd3+:Gd3Ga5O12," Proc. SPIE. 5627, 167-171 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, M. H.

Kuleshov, N. V.

S. A. Zolotovskaya, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, "Absorption saturation properties and laser Q-switch performance of Cr5+-doped YVO4 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 86, 667-671 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kupchenko, M. I.

S. A. Zolotovskaya, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, "Absorption saturation properties and laser Q-switch performance of Cr5+-doped YVO4 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 86, 667-671 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K. K.

Li, S.

Liu, J.

Liu, J. H.

Liu, Y.

Lu, Y.

Malyutin, A. A.

A. A. Danilov, V. L. Evstigneev, N. N. Il'ichev, A. A. Malyutin, M. Yu, Nikol'ski?, A. F. Umyskov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, "Compact GSGG:Cr3+:Nd3+ laser with passive Q switching," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 573-574 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Matrosov, V. N.

S. A. Zolotovskaya, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, "Absorption saturation properties and laser Q-switch performance of Cr5+-doped YVO4 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 86, 667-671 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Matrosova, T. A.

S. A. Zolotovskaya, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, "Absorption saturation properties and laser Q-switch performance of Cr5+-doped YVO4 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 86, 667-671 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Maunier, C.

Meng, X.

Meyn, J-P.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Scherbakov, "Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd: GdVO4," Appl. Phys. B 58, 373-379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Moncorgé, R.

Nikol'skii, M.

A. A. Danilov, V. L. Evstigneev, N. N. Il'ichev, A. A. Malyutin, M. Yu, Nikol'ski?, A. F. Umyskov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, "Compact GSGG:Cr3+:Nd3+ laser with passive Q switching," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 573-574 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Ostroumov, V. G.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Scherbakov, "Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd: GdVO4," Appl. Phys. B 58, 373-379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Scherbakov, I. A.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Scherbakov, "Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd: GdVO4," Appl. Phys. B 58, 373-379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Shao, Z.

Song, P. X.

B. X. Jiang, Z. W. Zhao, X. D. Xu, P. X. Song, and J. Xu, "Study of the effects of Cr ions on Nd in self-Q-switched laser crystal Cr4+,Nd3+:Gd3Ga5O12," Proc. SPIE. 5627, 167-171 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tao, X. T.

Ueda, K.

J. Dong and K. Ueda, "Observation of repetitively nanosecond pulse-width transverse patterns in microchip self-Q-switched laser," Phys. Rev. A  73, 053824 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Dong and K. Ueda, "Longitudinal-mode competition induced instabilities of Cr4+,Nd3+:Y3Al5O12 self-Q-switched two-mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 151102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C.

Wang, J.

Wang, J. Y.

Wang, Z.P.

Xu, J.

B. X. Jiang, Z. W. Zhao, X. D. Xu, P. X. Song, and J. Xu, "Study of the effects of Cr ions on Nd in self-Q-switched laser crystal Cr4+,Nd3+:Gd3Ga5O12," Proc. SPIE. 5627, 167-171 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Dong, P. Deng, Y. Lu, Y. Zhang, Y. Liu, J. Xu, and W. Chen, "Laser-diode-pumped Cr4+,Nd3+:YAG with self-Q-switched laser output of 1.4 W," Opt. Lett. 25, 1101-1103 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Xu, X. D.

B. X. Jiang, Z. W. Zhao, X. D. Xu, P. X. Song, and J. Xu, "Study of the effects of Cr ions on Nd in self-Q-switched laser crystal Cr4+,Nd3+:Gd3Ga5O12," Proc. SPIE. 5627, 167-171 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yu, H. H.

Yu, M.

A. A. Danilov, V. L. Evstigneev, N. N. Il'ichev, A. A. Malyutin, M. Yu, Nikol'ski?, A. F. Umyskov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, "Compact GSGG:Cr3+:Nd3+ laser with passive Q switching," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 573-574 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Y. G.

Yumashev, K. V.

S. A. Zolotovskaya, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, "Absorption saturation properties and laser Q-switch performance of Cr5+-doped YVO4 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 86, 667-671 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zagumennyi, A. I.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Scherbakov, "Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd: GdVO4," Appl. Phys. B 58, 373-379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

Zhang, H. J.

Zhang, X. Y.

Zhang, Y.

Zhao, Z. W.

B. X. Jiang, Z. W. Zhao, X. D. Xu, P. X. Song, and J. Xu, "Study of the effects of Cr ions on Nd in self-Q-switched laser crystal Cr4+,Nd3+:Gd3Ga5O12," Proc. SPIE. 5627, 167-171 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, S.

Zhu, L.

Zolotovskaya, S. A.

S. A. Zolotovskaya, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, "Absorption saturation properties and laser Q-switch performance of Cr5+-doped YVO4 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 86, 667-671 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Scherbakov, "Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd: GdVO4," Appl. Phys. B 58, 373-379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Zolotovskaya, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, "Absorption saturation properties and laser Q-switch performance of Cr5+-doped YVO4 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 86, 667-671 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

J. Dong and K. Ueda, "Longitudinal-mode competition induced instabilities of Cr4+,Nd3+:Y3Al5O12 self-Q-switched two-mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 151102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Fields, M. Birnbaum, and C. L. Fincher, "Highly efficient Nd:YVO4 diode-laser end-pumped laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1885-1886 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

J. Dong and K. Ueda, "Observation of repetitively nanosecond pulse-width transverse patterns in microchip self-Q-switched laser," Phys. Rev. A  73, 053824 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE. (1)

B. X. Jiang, Z. W. Zhao, X. D. Xu, P. X. Song, and J. Xu, "Study of the effects of Cr ions on Nd in self-Q-switched laser crystal Cr4+,Nd3+:Gd3Ga5O12," Proc. SPIE. 5627, 167-171 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. A. Danilov, V. L. Evstigneev, N. N. Il'ichev, A. A. Malyutin, M. Yu, Nikol'ski?, A. F. Umyskov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, "Compact GSGG:Cr3+:Nd3+ laser with passive Q switching," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 573-574 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

As-grown crystal Nd, Cr:GdVO4 boule.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Polarized absorption spectra of Nd:Cr:GdVO4 at room temperature.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Variation of the output power versus incident pump power.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Variations of PRF and pulse width versus incident pump power.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Variation of pulse energy versus incident power.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Pulse train with the repetition rate of 60.2 kHz

Metrics