Abstract

A new broadband wide-view circular polarizer is proposed for high transmittance multi-domain vertical-alignment liquid crystal displays (MVA LCDs). This configuration only requires one biaxial plate in the conventional circular polarizer. The optimal film parameters are obtained analytically through spherical trigonometric method on the Poincaré sphere and through computer-aided parameter search method. According to this design, the high transmittance MVA LCD exhibits a contrast ratio CR>200:1 over ~80° viewing cone.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 29, 1077–1080 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  2. R. A. Soref, “Field effects in nematic liquid crystals obtained with interdigital electrodes,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 5466–5468 (1974).
    [Crossref]
  3. M. Oh-e, M. Ohta, S. Aratani, and K. Kondo, “Principles and characteristics of electro-optical behavior with in-plane switching mode,” Proc. 15th Int’l Display Research Conf., 577–580 (1995).
  4. J. Chen, K. H. Kim, J. J. Jyu, J. H. Souk, J. R. Kelly, and P. J. Bos, “Optimum film compensation modes for TN and VA LCDs,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 29, 315–318 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  5. X. Zhu, Z. Ge, and S. T. Wu, “Analytical solutions for uniaxial-film-compensated wide-view liquid crystal displays,” J. Display Technology 2, 2–20 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  6. Y. Iwamoto and Y. Iimura, “Transmittance enhancement for randomly aligned liquid crystal displays with circular polarizers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L1383–L1385 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  7. H. Yoshida, Y. Tasaka, Y. Tanaka, H. Sukenori, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “MVA LCD for notebook or mobile PCs with high transmittance, high contrast ratio, and wide angle viewing,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 35, 6–9 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  8. H. Yoshimi, S. Yano, and Y. Fujimura, “Optical films for reflective LCDs to achieve high image quality,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 33, 862–865 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  9. Q. Hong, T. X. Wu, X. Zhu, R. Lu, and S. T. Wu, “Designs of wide-view and broadband circular polarizers,” Opt. Express 13, 8318–8331 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. Q. Hong, T. X. Wu, R. Lu, and S. T. Wu, “Wide-view circular polarizer consisting of a linear polarizer and two biaxial films,” Opt. Express 13, 10777–10783 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. H. Lin, “Extraordinarily wide-view and high-transmittance vertically aligned liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151112 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  12. S. Huard, Polarization of Light (Wiley, New York, 1997).
  13. A. Lien, “Extended Jones matrix representation for the twisted nematic liquid-crystal display at oblique incidence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2767–2769 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  14. Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, X. Zhu, and S. T. Wu, “Reflective liquid crystal displays with asymmetric incidence and exit angles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 22, 966–977 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  15. P. Yeh and C. Gu, Optics of Liquid Crystal Displays (Wiley, New York, 1999).
  16. J. D. H. Donnay, Spherical Trigonometry (Church Press, 2007).
  17. Y. Fujimura, T. Kamijo, and H. Yoshimi, “Improvement of optical films for high performance LCDs,” Proc. SPIE 5003, 96–105 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  18. Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, R. Lu, X. Zhu, Q. Hong, and S. T. Wu, “Comprehensive three-dimensional dynamic modeling of liquid crystal devices using finite element method,” J. Display Technology 1, 194–206 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  19. X. Zhu, Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, “Transflective liquid crystal displays,” J. Display Technology 1, 15–29 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  20. M. P. Hong, S. I. Kim, Y. C. Yang, K. Chung, H. W. Do, S. J. Park, C. G. Jhun, G. D. Lee, T. H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, “Low-twist vertically-aligned transflective LCD,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 35, 34–37 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  21. Z. Ge, X. Zhu, R. Lu, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, “Transflective liquid crystal display using commonly biased reflectors,” App. Phys. Lett. 90, 221111 (2007).
    [Crossref]

2007 (2)

H. Lin, “Extraordinarily wide-view and high-transmittance vertically aligned liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151112 (2007).
[Crossref]

Z. Ge, X. Zhu, R. Lu, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, “Transflective liquid crystal display using commonly biased reflectors,” App. Phys. Lett. 90, 221111 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

X. Zhu, Z. Ge, and S. T. Wu, “Analytical solutions for uniaxial-film-compensated wide-view liquid crystal displays,” J. Display Technology 2, 2–20 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (5)

2004 (2)

M. P. Hong, S. I. Kim, Y. C. Yang, K. Chung, H. W. Do, S. J. Park, C. G. Jhun, G. D. Lee, T. H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, “Low-twist vertically-aligned transflective LCD,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 35, 34–37 (2004).
[Crossref]

H. Yoshida, Y. Tasaka, Y. Tanaka, H. Sukenori, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “MVA LCD for notebook or mobile PCs with high transmittance, high contrast ratio, and wide angle viewing,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 35, 6–9 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

Y. Fujimura, T. Kamijo, and H. Yoshimi, “Improvement of optical films for high performance LCDs,” Proc. SPIE 5003, 96–105 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

H. Yoshimi, S. Yano, and Y. Fujimura, “Optical films for reflective LCDs to achieve high image quality,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 33, 862–865 (2002).
[Crossref]

Y. Iwamoto and Y. Iimura, “Transmittance enhancement for randomly aligned liquid crystal displays with circular polarizers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L1383–L1385 (2002).
[Crossref]

1998 (2)

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 29, 1077–1080 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Chen, K. H. Kim, J. J. Jyu, J. H. Souk, J. R. Kelly, and P. J. Bos, “Optimum film compensation modes for TN and VA LCDs,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 29, 315–318 (1998).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

M. Oh-e, M. Ohta, S. Aratani, and K. Kondo, “Principles and characteristics of electro-optical behavior with in-plane switching mode,” Proc. 15th Int’l Display Research Conf., 577–580 (1995).

1990 (1)

A. Lien, “Extended Jones matrix representation for the twisted nematic liquid-crystal display at oblique incidence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2767–2769 (1990).
[Crossref]

1974 (1)

R. A. Soref, “Field effects in nematic liquid crystals obtained with interdigital electrodes,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 5466–5468 (1974).
[Crossref]

Aratani, S.

M. Oh-e, M. Ohta, S. Aratani, and K. Kondo, “Principles and characteristics of electro-optical behavior with in-plane switching mode,” Proc. 15th Int’l Display Research Conf., 577–580 (1995).

Bos, P. J.

J. Chen, K. H. Kim, J. J. Jyu, J. H. Souk, J. R. Kelly, and P. J. Bos, “Optimum film compensation modes for TN and VA LCDs,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 29, 315–318 (1998).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

J. Chen, K. H. Kim, J. J. Jyu, J. H. Souk, J. R. Kelly, and P. J. Bos, “Optimum film compensation modes for TN and VA LCDs,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 29, 315–318 (1998).
[Crossref]

Chida, H.

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 29, 1077–1080 (1998).
[Crossref]

Chung, K.

M. P. Hong, S. I. Kim, Y. C. Yang, K. Chung, H. W. Do, S. J. Park, C. G. Jhun, G. D. Lee, T. H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, “Low-twist vertically-aligned transflective LCD,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 35, 34–37 (2004).
[Crossref]

Do, H. W.

M. P. Hong, S. I. Kim, Y. C. Yang, K. Chung, H. W. Do, S. J. Park, C. G. Jhun, G. D. Lee, T. H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, “Low-twist vertically-aligned transflective LCD,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 35, 34–37 (2004).
[Crossref]

Donnay, J. D. H.

J. D. H. Donnay, Spherical Trigonometry (Church Press, 2007).

Fujimura, Y.

Y. Fujimura, T. Kamijo, and H. Yoshimi, “Improvement of optical films for high performance LCDs,” Proc. SPIE 5003, 96–105 (2003).
[Crossref]

H. Yoshimi, S. Yano, and Y. Fujimura, “Optical films for reflective LCDs to achieve high image quality,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 33, 862–865 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ge, Z.

Z. Ge, X. Zhu, R. Lu, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, “Transflective liquid crystal display using commonly biased reflectors,” App. Phys. Lett. 90, 221111 (2007).
[Crossref]

X. Zhu, Z. Ge, and S. T. Wu, “Analytical solutions for uniaxial-film-compensated wide-view liquid crystal displays,” J. Display Technology 2, 2–20 (2006).
[Crossref]

Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, R. Lu, X. Zhu, Q. Hong, and S. T. Wu, “Comprehensive three-dimensional dynamic modeling of liquid crystal devices using finite element method,” J. Display Technology 1, 194–206 (2005).
[Crossref]

X. Zhu, Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, “Transflective liquid crystal displays,” J. Display Technology 1, 15–29 (2005).
[Crossref]

Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, X. Zhu, and S. T. Wu, “Reflective liquid crystal displays with asymmetric incidence and exit angles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 22, 966–977 (2005).
[Crossref]

Gu, C.

P. Yeh and C. Gu, Optics of Liquid Crystal Displays (Wiley, New York, 1999).

Hong, M. P.

M. P. Hong, S. I. Kim, Y. C. Yang, K. Chung, H. W. Do, S. J. Park, C. G. Jhun, G. D. Lee, T. H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, “Low-twist vertically-aligned transflective LCD,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 35, 34–37 (2004).
[Crossref]

Hong, Q.

Huard, S.

S. Huard, Polarization of Light (Wiley, New York, 1997).

Iimura, Y.

Y. Iwamoto and Y. Iimura, “Transmittance enhancement for randomly aligned liquid crystal displays with circular polarizers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L1383–L1385 (2002).
[Crossref]

Iwamoto, Y.

Y. Iwamoto and Y. Iimura, “Transmittance enhancement for randomly aligned liquid crystal displays with circular polarizers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L1383–L1385 (2002).
[Crossref]

Jhun, C. G.

M. P. Hong, S. I. Kim, Y. C. Yang, K. Chung, H. W. Do, S. J. Park, C. G. Jhun, G. D. Lee, T. H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, “Low-twist vertically-aligned transflective LCD,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 35, 34–37 (2004).
[Crossref]

Jyu, J. J.

J. Chen, K. H. Kim, J. J. Jyu, J. H. Souk, J. R. Kelly, and P. J. Bos, “Optimum film compensation modes for TN and VA LCDs,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 29, 315–318 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kamijo, T.

Y. Fujimura, T. Kamijo, and H. Yoshimi, “Improvement of optical films for high performance LCDs,” Proc. SPIE 5003, 96–105 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kataoka, S.

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 29, 1077–1080 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kelly, J. R.

J. Chen, K. H. Kim, J. J. Jyu, J. H. Souk, J. R. Kelly, and P. J. Bos, “Optimum film compensation modes for TN and VA LCDs,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 29, 315–318 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kim, J. C.

M. P. Hong, S. I. Kim, Y. C. Yang, K. Chung, H. W. Do, S. J. Park, C. G. Jhun, G. D. Lee, T. H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, “Low-twist vertically-aligned transflective LCD,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 35, 34–37 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kim, K. H.

J. Chen, K. H. Kim, J. J. Jyu, J. H. Souk, J. R. Kelly, and P. J. Bos, “Optimum film compensation modes for TN and VA LCDs,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 29, 315–318 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kim, S. I.

M. P. Hong, S. I. Kim, Y. C. Yang, K. Chung, H. W. Do, S. J. Park, C. G. Jhun, G. D. Lee, T. H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, “Low-twist vertically-aligned transflective LCD,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 35, 34–37 (2004).
[Crossref]

Koike, Y.

H. Yoshida, Y. Tasaka, Y. Tanaka, H. Sukenori, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “MVA LCD for notebook or mobile PCs with high transmittance, high contrast ratio, and wide angle viewing,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 35, 6–9 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 29, 1077–1080 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kondo, K.

M. Oh-e, M. Ohta, S. Aratani, and K. Kondo, “Principles and characteristics of electro-optical behavior with in-plane switching mode,” Proc. 15th Int’l Display Research Conf., 577–580 (1995).

Lee, G. D.

M. P. Hong, S. I. Kim, Y. C. Yang, K. Chung, H. W. Do, S. J. Park, C. G. Jhun, G. D. Lee, T. H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, “Low-twist vertically-aligned transflective LCD,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 35, 34–37 (2004).
[Crossref]

Lien, A.

A. Lien, “Extended Jones matrix representation for the twisted nematic liquid-crystal display at oblique incidence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2767–2769 (1990).
[Crossref]

Lin, H.

H. Lin, “Extraordinarily wide-view and high-transmittance vertically aligned liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151112 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lu, R.

Z. Ge, X. Zhu, R. Lu, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, “Transflective liquid crystal display using commonly biased reflectors,” App. Phys. Lett. 90, 221111 (2007).
[Crossref]

Q. Hong, T. X. Wu, X. Zhu, R. Lu, and S. T. Wu, “Designs of wide-view and broadband circular polarizers,” Opt. Express 13, 8318–8331 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Hong, T. X. Wu, R. Lu, and S. T. Wu, “Wide-view circular polarizer consisting of a linear polarizer and two biaxial films,” Opt. Express 13, 10777–10783 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, R. Lu, X. Zhu, Q. Hong, and S. T. Wu, “Comprehensive three-dimensional dynamic modeling of liquid crystal devices using finite element method,” J. Display Technology 1, 194–206 (2005).
[Crossref]

Oh-e, M.

M. Oh-e, M. Ohta, S. Aratani, and K. Kondo, “Principles and characteristics of electro-optical behavior with in-plane switching mode,” Proc. 15th Int’l Display Research Conf., 577–580 (1995).

Ohmuro, K.

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 29, 1077–1080 (1998).
[Crossref]

Ohta, M.

M. Oh-e, M. Ohta, S. Aratani, and K. Kondo, “Principles and characteristics of electro-optical behavior with in-plane switching mode,” Proc. 15th Int’l Display Research Conf., 577–580 (1995).

Okamoto, K.

H. Yoshida, Y. Tasaka, Y. Tanaka, H. Sukenori, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “MVA LCD for notebook or mobile PCs with high transmittance, high contrast ratio, and wide angle viewing,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 35, 6–9 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 29, 1077–1080 (1998).
[Crossref]

Park, S. J.

M. P. Hong, S. I. Kim, Y. C. Yang, K. Chung, H. W. Do, S. J. Park, C. G. Jhun, G. D. Lee, T. H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, “Low-twist vertically-aligned transflective LCD,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 35, 34–37 (2004).
[Crossref]

Sasabayashi, T.

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 29, 1077–1080 (1998).
[Crossref]

Sasaki, T.

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 29, 1077–1080 (1998).
[Crossref]

Soref, R. A.

R. A. Soref, “Field effects in nematic liquid crystals obtained with interdigital electrodes,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 5466–5468 (1974).
[Crossref]

Souk, J. H.

J. Chen, K. H. Kim, J. J. Jyu, J. H. Souk, J. R. Kelly, and P. J. Bos, “Optimum film compensation modes for TN and VA LCDs,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 29, 315–318 (1998).
[Crossref]

Sukenori, H.

H. Yoshida, Y. Tasaka, Y. Tanaka, H. Sukenori, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “MVA LCD for notebook or mobile PCs with high transmittance, high contrast ratio, and wide angle viewing,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 35, 6–9 (2004).
[Crossref]

Takeda, A.

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 29, 1077–1080 (1998).
[Crossref]

Tanaka, Y.

H. Yoshida, Y. Tasaka, Y. Tanaka, H. Sukenori, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “MVA LCD for notebook or mobile PCs with high transmittance, high contrast ratio, and wide angle viewing,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 35, 6–9 (2004).
[Crossref]

Tasaka, Y.

H. Yoshida, Y. Tasaka, Y. Tanaka, H. Sukenori, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “MVA LCD for notebook or mobile PCs with high transmittance, high contrast ratio, and wide angle viewing,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 35, 6–9 (2004).
[Crossref]

Tsuda, H.

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 29, 1077–1080 (1998).
[Crossref]

Wu, S. T.

Z. Ge, X. Zhu, R. Lu, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, “Transflective liquid crystal display using commonly biased reflectors,” App. Phys. Lett. 90, 221111 (2007).
[Crossref]

X. Zhu, Z. Ge, and S. T. Wu, “Analytical solutions for uniaxial-film-compensated wide-view liquid crystal displays,” J. Display Technology 2, 2–20 (2006).
[Crossref]

Q. Hong, T. X. Wu, X. Zhu, R. Lu, and S. T. Wu, “Designs of wide-view and broadband circular polarizers,” Opt. Express 13, 8318–8331 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Hong, T. X. Wu, R. Lu, and S. T. Wu, “Wide-view circular polarizer consisting of a linear polarizer and two biaxial films,” Opt. Express 13, 10777–10783 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, X. Zhu, and S. T. Wu, “Reflective liquid crystal displays with asymmetric incidence and exit angles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 22, 966–977 (2005).
[Crossref]

X. Zhu, Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, “Transflective liquid crystal displays,” J. Display Technology 1, 15–29 (2005).
[Crossref]

Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, R. Lu, X. Zhu, Q. Hong, and S. T. Wu, “Comprehensive three-dimensional dynamic modeling of liquid crystal devices using finite element method,” J. Display Technology 1, 194–206 (2005).
[Crossref]

Wu, T. X.

Z. Ge, X. Zhu, R. Lu, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, “Transflective liquid crystal display using commonly biased reflectors,” App. Phys. Lett. 90, 221111 (2007).
[Crossref]

X. Zhu, Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, “Transflective liquid crystal displays,” J. Display Technology 1, 15–29 (2005).
[Crossref]

Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, R. Lu, X. Zhu, Q. Hong, and S. T. Wu, “Comprehensive three-dimensional dynamic modeling of liquid crystal devices using finite element method,” J. Display Technology 1, 194–206 (2005).
[Crossref]

Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, X. Zhu, and S. T. Wu, “Reflective liquid crystal displays with asymmetric incidence and exit angles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 22, 966–977 (2005).
[Crossref]

Q. Hong, T. X. Wu, R. Lu, and S. T. Wu, “Wide-view circular polarizer consisting of a linear polarizer and two biaxial films,” Opt. Express 13, 10777–10783 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Hong, T. X. Wu, X. Zhu, R. Lu, and S. T. Wu, “Designs of wide-view and broadband circular polarizers,” Opt. Express 13, 8318–8331 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, Y. C.

M. P. Hong, S. I. Kim, Y. C. Yang, K. Chung, H. W. Do, S. J. Park, C. G. Jhun, G. D. Lee, T. H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, “Low-twist vertically-aligned transflective LCD,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 35, 34–37 (2004).
[Crossref]

Yano, S.

H. Yoshimi, S. Yano, and Y. Fujimura, “Optical films for reflective LCDs to achieve high image quality,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 33, 862–865 (2002).
[Crossref]

Yeh, P.

P. Yeh and C. Gu, Optics of Liquid Crystal Displays (Wiley, New York, 1999).

Yoon, T. H.

M. P. Hong, S. I. Kim, Y. C. Yang, K. Chung, H. W. Do, S. J. Park, C. G. Jhun, G. D. Lee, T. H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, “Low-twist vertically-aligned transflective LCD,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 35, 34–37 (2004).
[Crossref]

Yoshida, H.

H. Yoshida, Y. Tasaka, Y. Tanaka, H. Sukenori, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “MVA LCD for notebook or mobile PCs with high transmittance, high contrast ratio, and wide angle viewing,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 35, 6–9 (2004).
[Crossref]

Yoshimi, H.

Y. Fujimura, T. Kamijo, and H. Yoshimi, “Improvement of optical films for high performance LCDs,” Proc. SPIE 5003, 96–105 (2003).
[Crossref]

H. Yoshimi, S. Yano, and Y. Fujimura, “Optical films for reflective LCDs to achieve high image quality,” Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 33, 862–865 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zhu, X.

Z. Ge, X. Zhu, R. Lu, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, “Transflective liquid crystal display using commonly biased reflectors,” App. Phys. Lett. 90, 221111 (2007).
[Crossref]

X. Zhu, Z. Ge, and S. T. Wu, “Analytical solutions for uniaxial-film-compensated wide-view liquid crystal displays,” J. Display Technology 2, 2–20 (2006).
[Crossref]

Q. Hong, T. X. Wu, X. Zhu, R. Lu, and S. T. Wu, “Designs of wide-view and broadband circular polarizers,” Opt. Express 13, 8318–8331 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, X. Zhu, and S. T. Wu, “Reflective liquid crystal displays with asymmetric incidence and exit angles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 22, 966–977 (2005).
[Crossref]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of a MVA cell under the new circular polarizer with one biaxial film.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Polarization state trace on the Poincaré sphere at θ inc=70°, (a) φ inc=-45° and (b) φ inc=0°.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Angular light leakage from two crossed circular polarizers each consisting of a linear polarizer and a quarter-wave plate, and the maximum transmittance from two parallel linear polarizers is ~34%.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Spherical angle relations on the Poincaré sphere at φinc=0° and θinc=70°.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Phase retardation of the effective positive C-plate with different incident angle θinc at φinc=0°.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Polarization trace on the Poincaré sphere at φinc=-45° and θinc=70°.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Transmittance for a 4-domain MVA cell under crossed linear polarizers (top) and proposed circular polarizers (bottom) at normal incidence and λ=550 nm.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

(a) Angular light leakage of the MVA using this new circular polarizer and (b) its iso-contrast plot at λ=550 nm.

Equations (5)

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δ 2 , 1 = cos 1 ( cos ( φ 2 φ 1 ) ( sin 2 θ inc n p 2 ) cos ( φ 1 φ inc ) cos ( φ 2 φ inc ) 1 ( sin 2 θ inc n p 2 ) cos 2 ( φ 1 φ inc ) 1 ( sin 2 θ inc n p 2 ) cos 2 ( φ 2 φ inc ) ) .
Γ a = 2 π λ d [ n e 1 sin 2 ( φ n φ inc ) sin 2 θ inc n e 2 cos 2 ( φ n φ inc ) sin 2 θ inc n o 2 n o 1 sin 2 θ inc n o 2 ] .
Γ c = 2 π λ dn o [ 1 sin 2 θ inc n e 2 1 sin 2 θ inc n o 2 ] ,
TB ¯ = cos 1 ( cos 2 ( TQ ¯ ) + sin 2 ( TQ ¯ ) cos ( BQT ) ) ,
BTQ = 2 cos 1 ( sin ( s ) sin ( s BQ ¯ ) sin ( TB ¯ ) sin ( TQ ¯ ) ) ,

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