Abstract

A new broadband wide-view circular polarizer is proposed for high transmittance multi-domain vertical-alignment liquid crystal displays (MVA LCDs). This configuration only requires one biaxial plate in the conventional circular polarizer. The optimal film parameters are obtained analytically through spherical trigonometric method on the Poincaré sphere and through computer-aided parameter search method. According to this design, the high transmittance MVA LCD exhibits a contrast ratio CR>200:1 over ~80° viewing cone.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, "A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology," Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 29, 1077-1080 (1998).
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    [CrossRef]
  5. X. Zhu, Z. Ge, and S. T. Wu, "Analytical solutions for uniaxial-film-compensated wide-view liquid crystal displays," J. Disp. Technol. 2, 2-20 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. Iwamoto and Y. Iimura, "Transmittance enhancement for randomly aligned liquid crystal displays with circular polarizers," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L1383-L1385 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Yoshida, Y. Tasaka, Y. Tanaka, H. Sukenori, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, "MVA LCD for notebook or mobile PCs with high transmittance, high contrast ratio, and wide angle viewing," Soc. Inf. Disp. Tech. Digest 35, 6-9 (2004).
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  8. H. Yoshimi, S. Yano, and Y. Fujimura, "Optical films for reflective LCDs to achieve high image quality," Soc. Inf. Disp. Tech. Digest 33, 862-865 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Q. Hong, T. X. Wu, X. Zhu, R. Lu, and S. T. Wu, "Designs of wide-view and broadband circular polarizers," Opt. Express 13, 8318-8331 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. Q. Hong, T. X. Wu, R. Lu, and S. T. Wu, "Wide-view circular polarizer consisting of a linear polarizer and two biaxial films," Opt. Express 13, 10777-10783 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  18. Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, R. Lu, X. Zhu, Q. Hong, and S. T. Wu, "Comprehensive three-dimensional dynamic modeling of liquid crystal devices using finite element method," J. Disp. Technol. 1, 194-206 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  19. X. Zhu, Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, "Transflective liquid crystal displays," J. Disp. Technol. 1, 15-29 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  20. M. P. Hong, S. I. Kim, Y. C. Yang, K. Chung, H. W. Do, S. J. Park, C. G. Jhun, G. D. Lee, T. H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, "Low-twist vertically-aligned transflective LCD," Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 35, 34-37 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  21. Z. Ge, X. Zhu, R. Lu, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, "Transflective liquid crystal display using commonly biased reflectors," App. Phys. Lett. 90, 221111 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (2)

Z. Ge, X. Zhu, R. Lu, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, "Transflective liquid crystal display using commonly biased reflectors," App. Phys. Lett. 90, 221111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Lin, "Extraordinarily wide-view and high-transmittance vertically aligned liquid crystal displays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

X. Zhu, Z. Ge, and S. T. Wu, "Analytical solutions for uniaxial-film-compensated wide-view liquid crystal displays," J. Disp. Technol. 2, 2-20 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (5)

2004 (2)

M. P. Hong, S. I. Kim, Y. C. Yang, K. Chung, H. W. Do, S. J. Park, C. G. Jhun, G. D. Lee, T. H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, "Low-twist vertically-aligned transflective LCD," Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 35, 34-37 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoshida, Y. Tasaka, Y. Tanaka, H. Sukenori, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, "MVA LCD for notebook or mobile PCs with high transmittance, high contrast ratio, and wide angle viewing," Soc. Inf. Disp. Tech. Digest 35, 6-9 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

Y. Fujimura, T. Kamijo, and H. Yoshimi, "Improvement of optical films for high performance LCDs," Proc. SPIE 5003, 96-105 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

H. Yoshimi, S. Yano, and Y. Fujimura, "Optical films for reflective LCDs to achieve high image quality," Soc. Inf. Disp. Tech. Digest 33, 862-865 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Iwamoto and Y. Iimura, "Transmittance enhancement for randomly aligned liquid crystal displays with circular polarizers," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L1383-L1385 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, "A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology," Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 29, 1077-1080 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Chen, K. H. Kim, J. J. Jyu, J. H. Souk, J. R. Kelly, and P. J. Bos, "Optimum film compensation modes for TN and VA LCDs," Soc. Inf. Disp. Tech. Digest 29, 315-318 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

A. Lien, "Extended Jones matrix representation for the twisted nematic liquid-crystal display at oblique incidence," Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2767-2769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

R. A. Soref, "Field effects in nematic liquid crystals obtained with interdigital electrodes," J. Appl. Phys. 45, 5466-5468 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Bos, P. J.

J. Chen, K. H. Kim, J. J. Jyu, J. H. Souk, J. R. Kelly, and P. J. Bos, "Optimum film compensation modes for TN and VA LCDs," Soc. Inf. Disp. Tech. Digest 29, 315-318 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

J. Chen, K. H. Kim, J. J. Jyu, J. H. Souk, J. R. Kelly, and P. J. Bos, "Optimum film compensation modes for TN and VA LCDs," Soc. Inf. Disp. Tech. Digest 29, 315-318 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chida, H.

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, "A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology," Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 29, 1077-1080 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chung, K.

M. P. Hong, S. I. Kim, Y. C. Yang, K. Chung, H. W. Do, S. J. Park, C. G. Jhun, G. D. Lee, T. H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, "Low-twist vertically-aligned transflective LCD," Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 35, 34-37 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Do, H. W.

M. P. Hong, S. I. Kim, Y. C. Yang, K. Chung, H. W. Do, S. J. Park, C. G. Jhun, G. D. Lee, T. H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, "Low-twist vertically-aligned transflective LCD," Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 35, 34-37 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fujimura, Y.

Y. Fujimura, T. Kamijo, and H. Yoshimi, "Improvement of optical films for high performance LCDs," Proc. SPIE 5003, 96-105 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoshimi, S. Yano, and Y. Fujimura, "Optical films for reflective LCDs to achieve high image quality," Soc. Inf. Disp. Tech. Digest 33, 862-865 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ge, Z.

Z. Ge, X. Zhu, R. Lu, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, "Transflective liquid crystal display using commonly biased reflectors," App. Phys. Lett. 90, 221111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhu, Z. Ge, and S. T. Wu, "Analytical solutions for uniaxial-film-compensated wide-view liquid crystal displays," J. Disp. Technol. 2, 2-20 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, R. Lu, X. Zhu, Q. Hong, and S. T. Wu, "Comprehensive three-dimensional dynamic modeling of liquid crystal devices using finite element method," J. Disp. Technol. 1, 194-206 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, X. Zhu, and S. T. Wu, "Reflective liquid crystal displays with asymmetric incidence and exit angles," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 22, 966-977 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhu, Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, "Transflective liquid crystal displays," J. Disp. Technol. 1, 15-29 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hong, M. P.

M. P. Hong, S. I. Kim, Y. C. Yang, K. Chung, H. W. Do, S. J. Park, C. G. Jhun, G. D. Lee, T. H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, "Low-twist vertically-aligned transflective LCD," Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 35, 34-37 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hong, Q.

Iimura, Y.

Y. Iwamoto and Y. Iimura, "Transmittance enhancement for randomly aligned liquid crystal displays with circular polarizers," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L1383-L1385 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Iwamoto, Y.

Y. Iwamoto and Y. Iimura, "Transmittance enhancement for randomly aligned liquid crystal displays with circular polarizers," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L1383-L1385 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jhun, C. G.

M. P. Hong, S. I. Kim, Y. C. Yang, K. Chung, H. W. Do, S. J. Park, C. G. Jhun, G. D. Lee, T. H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, "Low-twist vertically-aligned transflective LCD," Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 35, 34-37 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jyu, J. J.

J. Chen, K. H. Kim, J. J. Jyu, J. H. Souk, J. R. Kelly, and P. J. Bos, "Optimum film compensation modes for TN and VA LCDs," Soc. Inf. Disp. Tech. Digest 29, 315-318 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kamijo, T.

Y. Fujimura, T. Kamijo, and H. Yoshimi, "Improvement of optical films for high performance LCDs," Proc. SPIE 5003, 96-105 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kataoka, S.

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, "A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology," Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 29, 1077-1080 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, J. R.

J. Chen, K. H. Kim, J. J. Jyu, J. H. Souk, J. R. Kelly, and P. J. Bos, "Optimum film compensation modes for TN and VA LCDs," Soc. Inf. Disp. Tech. Digest 29, 315-318 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. C.

M. P. Hong, S. I. Kim, Y. C. Yang, K. Chung, H. W. Do, S. J. Park, C. G. Jhun, G. D. Lee, T. H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, "Low-twist vertically-aligned transflective LCD," Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 35, 34-37 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K. H.

J. Chen, K. H. Kim, J. J. Jyu, J. H. Souk, J. R. Kelly, and P. J. Bos, "Optimum film compensation modes for TN and VA LCDs," Soc. Inf. Disp. Tech. Digest 29, 315-318 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. I.

M. P. Hong, S. I. Kim, Y. C. Yang, K. Chung, H. W. Do, S. J. Park, C. G. Jhun, G. D. Lee, T. H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, "Low-twist vertically-aligned transflective LCD," Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 35, 34-37 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Koike, Y.

H. Yoshida, Y. Tasaka, Y. Tanaka, H. Sukenori, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, "MVA LCD for notebook or mobile PCs with high transmittance, high contrast ratio, and wide angle viewing," Soc. Inf. Disp. Tech. Digest 35, 6-9 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, "A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology," Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 29, 1077-1080 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lee, G. D.

M. P. Hong, S. I. Kim, Y. C. Yang, K. Chung, H. W. Do, S. J. Park, C. G. Jhun, G. D. Lee, T. H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, "Low-twist vertically-aligned transflective LCD," Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 35, 34-37 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lien, A.

A. Lien, "Extended Jones matrix representation for the twisted nematic liquid-crystal display at oblique incidence," Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2767-2769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Lin, H.

H. Lin, "Extraordinarily wide-view and high-transmittance vertically aligned liquid crystal displays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lu, R.

Z. Ge, X. Zhu, R. Lu, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, "Transflective liquid crystal display using commonly biased reflectors," App. Phys. Lett. 90, 221111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Hong, T. X. Wu, X. Zhu, R. Lu, and S. T. Wu, "Designs of wide-view and broadband circular polarizers," Opt. Express 13, 8318-8331 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, R. Lu, X. Zhu, Q. Hong, and S. T. Wu, "Comprehensive three-dimensional dynamic modeling of liquid crystal devices using finite element method," J. Disp. Technol. 1, 194-206 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Q. Hong, T. X. Wu, R. Lu, and S. T. Wu, "Wide-view circular polarizer consisting of a linear polarizer and two biaxial films," Opt. Express 13, 10777-10783 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ohmuro, K.

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, "A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology," Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 29, 1077-1080 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, K.

H. Yoshida, Y. Tasaka, Y. Tanaka, H. Sukenori, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, "MVA LCD for notebook or mobile PCs with high transmittance, high contrast ratio, and wide angle viewing," Soc. Inf. Disp. Tech. Digest 35, 6-9 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, "A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology," Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 29, 1077-1080 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Park, S. J.

M. P. Hong, S. I. Kim, Y. C. Yang, K. Chung, H. W. Do, S. J. Park, C. G. Jhun, G. D. Lee, T. H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, "Low-twist vertically-aligned transflective LCD," Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 35, 34-37 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sasabayashi, T.

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, "A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology," Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 29, 1077-1080 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, T.

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, "A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology," Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 29, 1077-1080 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Soref, R. A.

R. A. Soref, "Field effects in nematic liquid crystals obtained with interdigital electrodes," J. Appl. Phys. 45, 5466-5468 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Souk, J. H.

J. Chen, K. H. Kim, J. J. Jyu, J. H. Souk, J. R. Kelly, and P. J. Bos, "Optimum film compensation modes for TN and VA LCDs," Soc. Inf. Disp. Tech. Digest 29, 315-318 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sukenori, H.

H. Yoshida, Y. Tasaka, Y. Tanaka, H. Sukenori, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, "MVA LCD for notebook or mobile PCs with high transmittance, high contrast ratio, and wide angle viewing," Soc. Inf. Disp. Tech. Digest 35, 6-9 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Takeda, A.

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, "A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology," Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 29, 1077-1080 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, Y.

H. Yoshida, Y. Tasaka, Y. Tanaka, H. Sukenori, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, "MVA LCD for notebook or mobile PCs with high transmittance, high contrast ratio, and wide angle viewing," Soc. Inf. Disp. Tech. Digest 35, 6-9 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tasaka, Y.

H. Yoshida, Y. Tasaka, Y. Tanaka, H. Sukenori, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, "MVA LCD for notebook or mobile PCs with high transmittance, high contrast ratio, and wide angle viewing," Soc. Inf. Disp. Tech. Digest 35, 6-9 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tsuda, H.

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, "A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology," Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 29, 1077-1080 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S. T.

Z. Ge, X. Zhu, R. Lu, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, "Transflective liquid crystal display using commonly biased reflectors," App. Phys. Lett. 90, 221111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhu, Z. Ge, and S. T. Wu, "Analytical solutions for uniaxial-film-compensated wide-view liquid crystal displays," J. Disp. Technol. 2, 2-20 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, R. Lu, X. Zhu, Q. Hong, and S. T. Wu, "Comprehensive three-dimensional dynamic modeling of liquid crystal devices using finite element method," J. Disp. Technol. 1, 194-206 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Q. Hong, T. X. Wu, X. Zhu, R. Lu, and S. T. Wu, "Designs of wide-view and broadband circular polarizers," Opt. Express 13, 8318-8331 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Hong, T. X. Wu, R. Lu, and S. T. Wu, "Wide-view circular polarizer consisting of a linear polarizer and two biaxial films," Opt. Express 13, 10777-10783 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, X. Zhu, and S. T. Wu, "Reflective liquid crystal displays with asymmetric incidence and exit angles," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 22, 966-977 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhu, Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, "Transflective liquid crystal displays," J. Disp. Technol. 1, 15-29 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wu, T. X.

Z. Ge, X. Zhu, R. Lu, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, "Transflective liquid crystal display using commonly biased reflectors," App. Phys. Lett. 90, 221111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhu, Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, "Transflective liquid crystal displays," J. Disp. Technol. 1, 15-29 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, X. Zhu, and S. T. Wu, "Reflective liquid crystal displays with asymmetric incidence and exit angles," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 22, 966-977 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Q. Hong, T. X. Wu, R. Lu, and S. T. Wu, "Wide-view circular polarizer consisting of a linear polarizer and two biaxial films," Opt. Express 13, 10777-10783 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Hong, T. X. Wu, X. Zhu, R. Lu, and S. T. Wu, "Designs of wide-view and broadband circular polarizers," Opt. Express 13, 8318-8331 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, R. Lu, X. Zhu, Q. Hong, and S. T. Wu, "Comprehensive three-dimensional dynamic modeling of liquid crystal devices using finite element method," J. Disp. Technol. 1, 194-206 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Y. C.

M. P. Hong, S. I. Kim, Y. C. Yang, K. Chung, H. W. Do, S. J. Park, C. G. Jhun, G. D. Lee, T. H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, "Low-twist vertically-aligned transflective LCD," Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 35, 34-37 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yano, S.

H. Yoshimi, S. Yano, and Y. Fujimura, "Optical films for reflective LCDs to achieve high image quality," Soc. Inf. Disp. Tech. Digest 33, 862-865 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yoon, T. H.

M. P. Hong, S. I. Kim, Y. C. Yang, K. Chung, H. W. Do, S. J. Park, C. G. Jhun, G. D. Lee, T. H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, "Low-twist vertically-aligned transflective LCD," Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 35, 34-37 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, H.

H. Yoshida, Y. Tasaka, Y. Tanaka, H. Sukenori, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, "MVA LCD for notebook or mobile PCs with high transmittance, high contrast ratio, and wide angle viewing," Soc. Inf. Disp. Tech. Digest 35, 6-9 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yoshimi, H.

Y. Fujimura, T. Kamijo, and H. Yoshimi, "Improvement of optical films for high performance LCDs," Proc. SPIE 5003, 96-105 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoshimi, S. Yano, and Y. Fujimura, "Optical films for reflective LCDs to achieve high image quality," Soc. Inf. Disp. Tech. Digest 33, 862-865 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, X.

Z. Ge, X. Zhu, R. Lu, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, "Transflective liquid crystal display using commonly biased reflectors," App. Phys. Lett. 90, 221111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhu, Z. Ge, and S. T. Wu, "Analytical solutions for uniaxial-film-compensated wide-view liquid crystal displays," J. Disp. Technol. 2, 2-20 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, R. Lu, X. Zhu, Q. Hong, and S. T. Wu, "Comprehensive three-dimensional dynamic modeling of liquid crystal devices using finite element method," J. Disp. Technol. 1, 194-206 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Q. Hong, T. X. Wu, X. Zhu, R. Lu, and S. T. Wu, "Designs of wide-view and broadband circular polarizers," Opt. Express 13, 8318-8331 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, X. Zhu, and S. T. Wu, "Reflective liquid crystal displays with asymmetric incidence and exit angles," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 22, 966-977 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhu, Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, "Transflective liquid crystal displays," J. Disp. Technol. 1, 15-29 (2005).
[CrossRef]

App. Phys. Lett. (1)

Z. Ge, X. Zhu, R. Lu, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, "Transflective liquid crystal display using commonly biased reflectors," App. Phys. Lett. 90, 221111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

H. Lin, "Extraordinarily wide-view and high-transmittance vertically aligned liquid crystal displays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Lien, "Extended Jones matrix representation for the twisted nematic liquid-crystal display at oblique incidence," Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2767-2769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

R. A. Soref, "Field effects in nematic liquid crystals obtained with interdigital electrodes," J. Appl. Phys. 45, 5466-5468 (1974).
[CrossRef]

J. Disp. Technol. (3)

X. Zhu, Z. Ge, and S. T. Wu, "Analytical solutions for uniaxial-film-compensated wide-view liquid crystal displays," J. Disp. Technol. 2, 2-20 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, R. Lu, X. Zhu, Q. Hong, and S. T. Wu, "Comprehensive three-dimensional dynamic modeling of liquid crystal devices using finite element method," J. Disp. Technol. 1, 194-206 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhu, Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, "Transflective liquid crystal displays," J. Disp. Technol. 1, 15-29 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Iwamoto and Y. Iimura, "Transmittance enhancement for randomly aligned liquid crystal displays with circular polarizers," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L1383-L1385 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Proc. SPIE (1)

Y. Fujimura, T. Kamijo, and H. Yoshimi, "Improvement of optical films for high performance LCDs," Proc. SPIE 5003, 96-105 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Soc. Inf. Disp. Tech. Digest (3)

H. Yoshida, Y. Tasaka, Y. Tanaka, H. Sukenori, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, "MVA LCD for notebook or mobile PCs with high transmittance, high contrast ratio, and wide angle viewing," Soc. Inf. Disp. Tech. Digest 35, 6-9 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoshimi, S. Yano, and Y. Fujimura, "Optical films for reflective LCDs to achieve high image quality," Soc. Inf. Disp. Tech. Digest 33, 862-865 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Chen, K. H. Kim, J. J. Jyu, J. H. Souk, J. R. Kelly, and P. J. Bos, "Optimum film compensation modes for TN and VA LCDs," Soc. Inf. Disp. Tech. Digest 29, 315-318 (1998).
[CrossRef]

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A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, "A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology," Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 29, 1077-1080 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. P. Hong, S. I. Kim, Y. C. Yang, K. Chung, H. W. Do, S. J. Park, C. G. Jhun, G. D. Lee, T. H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, "Low-twist vertically-aligned transflective LCD," Soc. Inf. Display Tech. Digest 35, 34-37 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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S. Huard, Polarization of Light (Wiley, New York, 1997).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of a MVA cell under the new circular polarizer with one biaxial film.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Polarization state trace on the Poincaré sphere at θ inc=70°, (a) φ inc=-45° and (b) φ inc=0°.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Angular light leakage from two crossed circular polarizers each consisting of a linear polarizer and a quarter-wave plate, and the maximum transmittance from two parallel linear polarizers is ~34%.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Spherical angle relations on the Poincaré sphere at φinc=0° and θinc=70°.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Phase retardation of the effective positive C-plate with different incident angle θinc at φinc=0°.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Polarization trace on the Poincaré sphere at φinc=-45° and θinc=70°.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Transmittance for a 4-domain MVA cell under crossed linear polarizers (top) and proposed circular polarizers (bottom) at normal incidence and λ=550 nm.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

(a) Angular light leakage of the MVA using this new circular polarizer and (b) its iso-contrast plot at λ=550 nm.

Equations (5)

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δ 2 , 1 = cos 1 ( cos ( φ 2 φ 1 ) ( sin 2 θ inc n p 2 ) cos ( φ 1 φ inc ) cos ( φ 2 φ inc ) 1 ( sin 2 θ inc n p 2 ) cos 2 ( φ 1 φ inc ) 1 ( sin 2 θ inc n p 2 ) cos 2 ( φ 2 φ inc ) ) .
Γ a = 2 π λ d [ n e 1 sin 2 ( φ n φ inc ) sin 2 θ inc n e 2 cos 2 ( φ n φ inc ) sin 2 θ inc n o 2 n o 1 sin 2 θ inc n o 2 ] .
Γ c = 2 π λ dn o [ 1 sin 2 θ inc n e 2 1 sin 2 θ inc n o 2 ] ,
TB ¯ = cos 1 ( cos 2 ( TQ ¯ ) + sin 2 ( TQ ¯ ) cos ( BQT ) ) ,
BTQ = 2 cos 1 ( sin ( s ) sin ( s BQ ¯ ) sin ( TB ¯ ) sin ( TQ ¯ ) ) ,

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