Abstract

We demonstrate passive mode-locking by means of a semi-conductor saturable-absorber mirror in a diode-pumped Yb:YLF laser. We present crystal growth process, spectroscopic measurements, and investigation of mode-locking performance. Pulse trains with minimum duration of 196 fs, average power of 54 mW and a repetition rate of 55 MHz were obtained. The optical spectrum, centered at 1028 nm, has a 7.1-nm bandwidth leading to nearly transform-limited pulses.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. F. Druon, S. Chenais, P. Raybaut, F. Balembois, P. Georges, R. Gaum’e, G. Aka, B. Viana, S. Mohr, and D. Kopf, "Diode-pumped Yb:Sr3Y(BO3)3 femtosecond laser," Opt. Lett. 27, 197-199 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  2. F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, A. Courjaud, C. Honninger, F. Salin, A. Aron, F. Mougel, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, "Generation of 90-fs pulses from a mode-locked diode-pumped Yb3+:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 laser," Opt. Lett. 25, 423-425 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Garcia-Cortes, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Spectroscopy and Lasing of Yb-Doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and Femtosecond Mode-Locked Laser Operation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 758-764 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. U. Griebner, S. Rivier, V. Petrov, M. Zorn, G. Erbert, M. Weyers, X. Mateos, M. Aguilo, J. Massons, and F. Diaz, "Passively mode-locked Yb:KLu(WO4)2 oscillators," Opt. Express 13, 3465-3470 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, "Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 85, 581-584 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. Honninger, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, U. Keller, L. R. Brovelli, and C. Harder, "Efficient and tunable diode-pumped femtosecond Yb:glass lasers," Opt. Lett. 23, 126-128 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Murray, "Pulsed gain and thermal lensing of Nd:LiYF4," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 19, 488-491 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  8. W. Koechner, Solid-state laser engineering, 4th ed. (Springer, Berlin, 1996), pp 60-63.
  9. J. Kawanaka, H. Nishioka, N. Inoue, and K. Ueda, "Tunable continuous-wave Yb:YLF laser operation with a diode pumped chirped-pulse amplification system," Appl. Opt. 40, 3542-3546 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Vannini, G. Toci, D. Alderighi, D. Parisi, F. Cornacchia, and M. Tonelli, "High efficiency room temperature laser emission in heavily doped Yb:YLF," Opt. Express 15, 7994-8002 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. A. Lucca, G. Debourg, M. Jacquemet, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorge, "High-power diode-pumped Yb3+:CaF2 femtosecond laser," Opt. Lett. 29, 2767-2769 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. V. Petrov, U. Griebner, D. Ehrt, and W. Seeber, "Femtosecond self mode locking of Yb:fluoride phosphate glass laser," Opt. Lett. 22, 408-410 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. A. Bensalah, Y. Guyot, M. Ito, A. Brenier, H. Sato, T. Fukuda, and G. Boulon, "Growth of Yb3+-doped YLiF4 laser crystal by the Czochralski method. Attempt of Yb3+ energy level assignment and estimation of the laser potentiality," Opt. Mater. 26, 375-383 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  14. B. Aull and H. P. Jenssen, "Vibronic Interactions in Nd:YAG Resulting in Nonreciprocity of Absorption and Stimulated Emission Cross Sections," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 925-930 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  15. L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, "Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179-1191 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  16. C. Honninger, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, and U. Keller, "Q-switching stability limits of continuous-wave passive mode locking," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 46-56 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

2007

A. Garcia-Cortes, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Spectroscopy and Lasing of Yb-Doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and Femtosecond Mode-Locked Laser Operation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 758-764 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Vannini, G. Toci, D. Alderighi, D. Parisi, F. Cornacchia, and M. Tonelli, "High efficiency room temperature laser emission in heavily doped Yb:YLF," Opt. Express 15, 7994-8002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, "Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 85, 581-584 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

2004

A. Lucca, G. Debourg, M. Jacquemet, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorge, "High-power diode-pumped Yb3+:CaF2 femtosecond laser," Opt. Lett. 29, 2767-2769 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bensalah, Y. Guyot, M. Ito, A. Brenier, H. Sato, T. Fukuda, and G. Boulon, "Growth of Yb3+-doped YLiF4 laser crystal by the Czochralski method. Attempt of Yb3+ energy level assignment and estimation of the laser potentiality," Opt. Mater. 26, 375-383 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002

2001

2000

1999

1998

1997

1993

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, "Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179-1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1983

J. Murray, "Pulsed gain and thermal lensing of Nd:LiYF4," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 19, 488-491 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1982

B. Aull and H. P. Jenssen, "Vibronic Interactions in Nd:YAG Resulting in Nonreciprocity of Absorption and Stimulated Emission Cross Sections," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 925-930 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Aka, G.

Alderighi, D.

Aron, A.

Aull, B.

B. Aull and H. P. Jenssen, "Vibronic Interactions in Nd:YAG Resulting in Nonreciprocity of Absorption and Stimulated Emission Cross Sections," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 925-930 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Balembois, F.

Bensalah, A.

A. Bensalah, Y. Guyot, M. Ito, A. Brenier, H. Sato, T. Fukuda, and G. Boulon, "Growth of Yb3+-doped YLiF4 laser crystal by the Czochralski method. Attempt of Yb3+ energy level assignment and estimation of the laser potentiality," Opt. Mater. 26, 375-383 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Boulon, G.

A. Bensalah, Y. Guyot, M. Ito, A. Brenier, H. Sato, T. Fukuda, and G. Boulon, "Growth of Yb3+-doped YLiF4 laser crystal by the Czochralski method. Attempt of Yb3+ energy level assignment and estimation of the laser potentiality," Opt. Mater. 26, 375-383 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Brenier, A.

A. Bensalah, Y. Guyot, M. Ito, A. Brenier, H. Sato, T. Fukuda, and G. Boulon, "Growth of Yb3+-doped YLiF4 laser crystal by the Czochralski method. Attempt of Yb3+ energy level assignment and estimation of the laser potentiality," Opt. Mater. 26, 375-383 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Brovelli, L. R.

Brun, A.

Brunner, F.

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, "Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 85, 581-584 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Camy, P.

Cano-Torres, J. M.

A. Garcia-Cortes, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Spectroscopy and Lasing of Yb-Doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and Femtosecond Mode-Locked Laser Operation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 758-764 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cascales, C.

A. Garcia-Cortes, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Spectroscopy and Lasing of Yb-Doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and Femtosecond Mode-Locked Laser Operation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 758-764 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chase, L. L.

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, "Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179-1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chenais, S.

Cornacchia, F.

Courjaud, A.

Debourg, G.

DeLoach, L. D.

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, "Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179-1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Doualan, J. L.

Druon, F.

Ehrt, D.

Erbert, G.

Fukuda, T.

A. Bensalah, Y. Guyot, M. Ito, A. Brenier, H. Sato, T. Fukuda, and G. Boulon, "Growth of Yb3+-doped YLiF4 laser crystal by the Czochralski method. Attempt of Yb3+ energy level assignment and estimation of the laser potentiality," Opt. Mater. 26, 375-383 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Garcia-Cortes, A.

A. Garcia-Cortes, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Spectroscopy and Lasing of Yb-Doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and Femtosecond Mode-Locked Laser Operation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 758-764 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gaum’e, R.

Georges, P.

Griebner, U.

A. Garcia-Cortes, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Spectroscopy and Lasing of Yb-Doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and Femtosecond Mode-Locked Laser Operation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 758-764 (2007).
[CrossRef]

U. Griebner, S. Rivier, V. Petrov, M. Zorn, G. Erbert, M. Weyers, X. Mateos, M. Aguilo, J. Massons, and F. Diaz, "Passively mode-locked Yb:KLu(WO4)2 oscillators," Opt. Express 13, 3465-3470 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Petrov, U. Griebner, D. Ehrt, and W. Seeber, "Femtosecond self mode locking of Yb:fluoride phosphate glass laser," Opt. Lett. 22, 408-410 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guyot, Y.

A. Bensalah, Y. Guyot, M. Ito, A. Brenier, H. Sato, T. Fukuda, and G. Boulon, "Growth of Yb3+-doped YLiF4 laser crystal by the Czochralski method. Attempt of Yb3+ energy level assignment and estimation of the laser potentiality," Opt. Mater. 26, 375-383 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Harder, C.

Honninger, C.

Inoue, N.

Ito, M.

A. Bensalah, Y. Guyot, M. Ito, A. Brenier, H. Sato, T. Fukuda, and G. Boulon, "Growth of Yb3+-doped YLiF4 laser crystal by the Czochralski method. Attempt of Yb3+ energy level assignment and estimation of the laser potentiality," Opt. Mater. 26, 375-383 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jacquemet, M.

Jenssen, H. P.

B. Aull and H. P. Jenssen, "Vibronic Interactions in Nd:YAG Resulting in Nonreciprocity of Absorption and Stimulated Emission Cross Sections," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 925-930 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Kawanaka, J.

Keller, U.

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, "Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 85, 581-584 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Honninger, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, and U. Keller, "Q-switching stability limits of continuous-wave passive mode locking," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 46-56 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Honninger, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, U. Keller, L. R. Brovelli, and C. Harder, "Efficient and tunable diode-pumped femtosecond Yb:glass lasers," Opt. Lett. 23, 126-128 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kisel, V. E.

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, "Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 85, 581-584 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kopf, D.

Krupke, W. F.

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, "Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179-1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kuleshov, N. V.

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, "Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 85, 581-584 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kupchenko, M. I.

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, "Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 85, 581-584 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kway, W. L.

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, "Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179-1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lucca, A.

Mateos, X.

A. Garcia-Cortes, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Spectroscopy and Lasing of Yb-Doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and Femtosecond Mode-Locked Laser Operation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 758-764 (2007).
[CrossRef]

U. Griebner, S. Rivier, V. Petrov, M. Zorn, G. Erbert, M. Weyers, X. Mateos, M. Aguilo, J. Massons, and F. Diaz, "Passively mode-locked Yb:KLu(WO4)2 oscillators," Opt. Express 13, 3465-3470 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matrosov, V. N.

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, "Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 85, 581-584 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Matrosova, T. A.

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, "Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 85, 581-584 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mohr, S.

Moncorg’e, R.

Morier-Genoud, F.

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, "Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 85, 581-584 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Honninger, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, and U. Keller, "Q-switching stability limits of continuous-wave passive mode locking," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 46-56 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Honninger, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, U. Keller, L. R. Brovelli, and C. Harder, "Efficient and tunable diode-pumped femtosecond Yb:glass lasers," Opt. Lett. 23, 126-128 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Moser, M.

Mougel, F.

Murray, J.

J. Murray, "Pulsed gain and thermal lensing of Nd:LiYF4," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 19, 488-491 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Nishioka, H.

Parisi, D.

Paschotta, R.

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, "Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 85, 581-584 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Honninger, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, and U. Keller, "Q-switching stability limits of continuous-wave passive mode locking," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 46-56 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Payne, S. A.

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, "Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179-1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, V.

A. Garcia-Cortes, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Spectroscopy and Lasing of Yb-Doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and Femtosecond Mode-Locked Laser Operation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 758-764 (2007).
[CrossRef]

U. Griebner, S. Rivier, V. Petrov, M. Zorn, G. Erbert, M. Weyers, X. Mateos, M. Aguilo, J. Massons, and F. Diaz, "Passively mode-locked Yb:KLu(WO4)2 oscillators," Opt. Express 13, 3465-3470 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Petrov, U. Griebner, D. Ehrt, and W. Seeber, "Femtosecond self mode locking of Yb:fluoride phosphate glass laser," Opt. Lett. 22, 408-410 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Raybaut, P.

Rivier, S.

A. Garcia-Cortes, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Spectroscopy and Lasing of Yb-Doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and Femtosecond Mode-Locked Laser Operation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 758-764 (2007).
[CrossRef]

U. Griebner, S. Rivier, V. Petrov, M. Zorn, G. Erbert, M. Weyers, X. Mateos, M. Aguilo, J. Massons, and F. Diaz, "Passively mode-locked Yb:KLu(WO4)2 oscillators," Opt. Express 13, 3465-3470 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Salin, F.

Sato, H.

A. Bensalah, Y. Guyot, M. Ito, A. Brenier, H. Sato, T. Fukuda, and G. Boulon, "Growth of Yb3+-doped YLiF4 laser crystal by the Czochralski method. Attempt of Yb3+ energy level assignment and estimation of the laser potentiality," Opt. Mater. 26, 375-383 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Seeber, W.

Serrano, M. D.

A. Garcia-Cortes, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Spectroscopy and Lasing of Yb-Doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and Femtosecond Mode-Locked Laser Operation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 758-764 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Smith, L. K.

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, "Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179-1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Toci, G.

Tolstik, N. A.

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, "Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 85, 581-584 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tonelli, M.

Troshin, A. E.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Room-temperature absorption and emission cross sections of Yb3+ ions in YLF crystal with electric field polarizations (a) Ec, and (b) Ec. Emission cross sections were evaluated with the reciprocity method for wavelengths shorter than 1020 nm and with the β-τ method for wavelengths longer than 1020 nm.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Gain cross-sections of Yb3+ ions in YLF crystal for inversion parameter β of 0.1, 0.15, 0.2, and 0.25, with electric field polarizations (a) Ec, and (b) Ec.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Scheme of the mode-locked Yb:YLF laser cavity and pump system. LD1, LD2: laser diodes; F1, F2, F3, F4: lenses; M1, M2: folding mirrors; M3, focusing mirror; M4, M5: chirped mirrors; C: Yb-doped YLF crystal; OC: output coupler; SESAM: semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Average output power versus incident pump power of the mode-locked Yb:YLF laser with polarization Ec, and output couplings of 1% (squares), and 2% (circles). Mode-locking thresholds are indicated by arrows.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Autocorrelation trace and optical spectrum (inset) of the mode-locked Yb:YLF laser with polarization Ec: (a) 1% output coupler ; (b) 2% output coupler. Sech2- pulse shape is assumed.

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