Abstract

We describe a methodology for designing the optimal gain profiles for gain-based, tunable, broadband, slow-light pulse delay devices based on stimulated Brillouin scattering. Optimal gain profiles are obtained under system constraints such as distortion, total pump power, and maximum gain. The delay performance of three candidate systems: Gaussian noise pump broadened (GNPB), optimal gain-only, and optimal gain+absorption are studied using Gaussian and super-Gaussian pulses. For the same pulse bandwidth, we find that the optimal gain+absorption medium improves the delay performance by 2.1 times the GNPB medium delay and 1.3 times the optimal gain-only medium delay for Gaussian pulses. For the super-Gaussian pulses the optimal gain-only medium provides a fractional pulse delay 1.8 times the GNPB medium delay.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  27. E. Lichtman, R. G. Waarts, and A. A. Friesem, “Stimulated Brillouin Scattering Excited by a Modulated Pump Wave in Single-Mode Fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 171–174 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  30. B. Zhang, L. Yan, I. Fazal, L. Zhang, A. E. Wilner, and D. J. Gauthier, “Slow light on Gbit/s differential-phase-shift-keying signals,” Opt. Express 15, 1878–1883 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. L. Yi, Y. Jaoun, W. Hu, Y. Su, and S. Bigo, “Improved slow-light performance of 10 Gb/s NRZ, PSBT and DPSK signals in fiber broadband SBS,” Opt. Express 15,, 16972–16979 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2007 (10)

Z. Lu, Y. Dong, and Q. Li, “Slow light in multi-line Brillouin gain spectrum,” Opt. Express 15, 1871–1877 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Pant, M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, Z. Shi, R. W. Boyd, and D. J. Gauthier, “Maximizing the opening of eye-diagrams for slow-light systems,” Appl. Opt. 46, (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Shi, R. W. Boyd, R. Pant, M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, Z. Zhu, and D. J. Gauthier, “Design of a Tunable Time-Delay Element using Multiple Gain Lines for Large Fractional Delay with HIgh Data Fidelity,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1986–1988 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Zhu, A. M. C. Dawes, D. J. Gauthier, L. Zhang, and A. E. Willner, “Broadband SBS Slow Light in an Optical Fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 201–206 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K.-Y. Song and K. Hotate, “25 GHz bandwidth Brillouin slow light in optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 32, 217–219 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Schneider, R. Henker, K.- U. Lauterbach, and M. Junker, “Comparison of delay enhancement mechanisms for SBS-based slow ligt systems,” Opt. Express 15, 9606–9613 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Pant, M. D. Stenner, and M. A. Neifeld, “Designing Optimal Gain Profiles for Slow-Light Applications,” Proc. SPIE 6482, 64820R1–7 (2007).

F. G. Sedgwick, B. Pesala, J. Y. Lin, W. S. Ko, X. Zhao, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “THz-bandwidth tunable slow light in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Opt. Express 15, 747–753 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Zhang, L. Yan, I. Fazal, L. Zhang, A. E. Wilner, and D. J. Gauthier, “Slow light on Gbit/s differential-phase-shift-keying signals,” Opt. Express 15, 1878–1883 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Yi, Y. Jaoun, W. Hu, Y. Su, and S. Bigo, “Improved slow-light performance of 10 Gb/s NRZ, PSBT and DPSK signals in fiber broadband SBS,” Opt. Express 15,, 16972–16979 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (8)

2005 (6)

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. M. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902(1–4) (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Sun, Y. V. Rostovtsev, J. P. Dowling, M. O. Scully, and M. S. Zhubairy, “Optically controlled delays for broadband pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 031802(R1–4) (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, Z. Zhu, A. M. C. Dawes, and D. J. Gauthier, “Distortion management in slow-light pulse delay,” Opt. Express 13, 9995–10002 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, Y. Okawachi, J. E. Sharping, A. L. Gaeta, R. W. Boyd, and A. E. Wilner, “Numerical study of all-optical slow-light delays via stimulated Brillouin scattering in an optical fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2378–2384 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, “Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides,” Nature 438, 65–69 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

John D. Downie, “Relationship of Q penaly to Eye-Closure Penalty for NRZ and RZ Signals with Signal-Dependent Noise,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 2031–2038 (2005).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

M. Kuznetsov, N. M. Froberg, S. R. Henion, and K. A. Rauschenbach, “Power Penalty for Optical Signals Due to Dispersion Slope in WDM Filter Cascades,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1411–1413 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

E. Lichtman, R. G. Waarts, and A. A. Friesem, “Stimulated Brillouin Scattering Excited by a Modulated Pump Wave in Single-Mode Fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 171–174 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

Babin, V.

M. J. Damzen, V. I. Vlad, V. Babin, and A. Mocofanescu, Stimulated Brillouin Scattering: Fundamentals and Applications, (IOP Publishing, 2003), Chap. 8, 147–148.

Bernini, R.

Bigelow, M. S.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. M. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902(1–4) (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bigo, S.

Blair, S.

Blit, R.

Boyd, R. W.

R. Pant, M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, Z. Shi, R. W. Boyd, and D. J. Gauthier, “Maximizing the opening of eye-diagrams for slow-light systems,” Appl. Opt. 46, (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Shi, R. W. Boyd, R. Pant, M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, Z. Zhu, and D. J. Gauthier, “Design of a Tunable Time-Delay Element using Multiple Gain Lines for Large Fractional Delay with HIgh Data Fidelity,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1986–1988 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. M. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902(1–4) (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, Y. Okawachi, J. E. Sharping, A. L. Gaeta, R. W. Boyd, and A. E. Wilner, “Numerical study of all-optical slow-light delays via stimulated Brillouin scattering in an optical fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2378–2384 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. W. Boyd and D. J. Gauthier, in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, Ed. (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2002), 43, chap. 6, 497–530.
[CrossRef]

D. J. Gauthier, A. L. Gaeta, and R. W. Boyd, “Slow Light: From basics to future prospects,” Photonics Spectra, 44–50, March (2006).

Z. Shi, R. W. Boyd, Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, R. Pant, M. D. Stenner, and M. A. Neifeld, “Distortion-Reduced Pulse-Train Propagation With Large Delay in a Triple Gain Media,” OSA Slow and Fast Light conference.

Chang-Hasnain, C. J.

Chin, S.

Dahan, D.

Damzen, M. J.

M. J. Damzen, V. I. Vlad, V. Babin, and A. Mocofanescu, Stimulated Brillouin Scattering: Fundamentals and Applications, (IOP Publishing, 2003), Chap. 8, 147–148.

Dawes, A. M. C.

Dong, Y.

Dowling, J. P.

Q. Sun, Y. V. Rostovtsev, J. P. Dowling, M. O. Scully, and M. S. Zhubairy, “Optically controlled delays for broadband pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 031802(R1–4) (2005).
[CrossRef]

Downie, John D.

Eisenstein, G.

Eyal, A.

Fazal, I.

Friesem, A. A.

E. Lichtman, R. G. Waarts, and A. A. Friesem, “Stimulated Brillouin Scattering Excited by a Modulated Pump Wave in Single-Mode Fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 171–174 (1989).
[CrossRef]

E. Lichtman, A. A. Friesem, R. G. Waarts, and H. H. Yaffe, “Stimulated Brillouin Scattering excited by two Pump Wave in Single-Mode Fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1397–1403 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Froberg, N. M.

M. Kuznetsov, N. M. Froberg, S. R. Henion, and K. A. Rauschenbach, “Power Penalty for Optical Signals Due to Dispersion Slope in WDM Filter Cascades,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1411–1413 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A. L.

Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, Y. Okawachi, J. E. Sharping, A. L. Gaeta, R. W. Boyd, and A. E. Wilner, “Numerical study of all-optical slow-light delays via stimulated Brillouin scattering in an optical fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2378–2384 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. M. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902(1–4) (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Gauthier, A. L. Gaeta, and R. W. Boyd, “Slow Light: From basics to future prospects,” Photonics Spectra, 44–50, March (2006).

Gauthier, D. J.

Z. Shi, R. W. Boyd, R. Pant, M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, Z. Zhu, and D. J. Gauthier, “Design of a Tunable Time-Delay Element using Multiple Gain Lines for Large Fractional Delay with HIgh Data Fidelity,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1986–1988 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Pant, M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, Z. Shi, R. W. Boyd, and D. J. Gauthier, “Maximizing the opening of eye-diagrams for slow-light systems,” Appl. Opt. 46, (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Zhu, A. M. C. Dawes, D. J. Gauthier, L. Zhang, and A. E. Willner, “Broadband SBS Slow Light in an Optical Fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 201–206 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhang, L. Yan, I. Fazal, L. Zhang, A. E. Wilner, and D. J. Gauthier, “Slow light on Gbit/s differential-phase-shift-keying signals,” Opt. Express 15, 1878–1883 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Zhu and D. J. Gauthier, “Nearly Transparent SBS slow light in an optical fiber,” Opt. Express 14, 7238–7245 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, Y. Okawachi, J. E. Sharping, A. L. Gaeta, R. W. Boyd, and A. E. Wilner, “Numerical study of all-optical slow-light delays via stimulated Brillouin scattering in an optical fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2378–2384 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, Z. Zhu, A. M. C. Dawes, and D. J. Gauthier, “Distortion management in slow-light pulse delay,” Opt. Express 13, 9995–10002 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. M. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902(1–4) (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. W. Boyd and D. J. Gauthier, in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, Ed. (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2002), 43, chap. 6, 497–530.
[CrossRef]

D. J. Gauthier, A. L. Gaeta, and R. W. Boyd, “Slow Light: From basics to future prospects,” Photonics Spectra, 44–50, March (2006).

Z. Shi, R. W. Boyd, Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, R. Pant, M. D. Stenner, and M. A. Neifeld, “Distortion-Reduced Pulse-Train Propagation With Large Delay in a Triple Gain Media,” OSA Slow and Fast Light conference.

Hamann, H. F.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, “Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides,” Nature 438, 65–69 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Henion, S. R.

M. Kuznetsov, N. M. Froberg, S. R. Henion, and K. A. Rauschenbach, “Power Penalty for Optical Signals Due to Dispersion Slope in WDM Filter Cascades,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1411–1413 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Henker, R.

Herraez, M. G.

Hotate, K.

Hu, W.

Jaoun, Y.

Junker, M.

Ko, W. S.

Kuznetsov, M.

M. Kuznetsov, N. M. Froberg, S. R. Henion, and K. A. Rauschenbach, “Power Penalty for Optical Signals Due to Dispersion Slope in WDM Filter Cascades,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1411–1413 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lathi, B. P.

B. P. Lathi, Modern Digital and Analog Communication Systems, 2nd Ed. (Oxford University Press., 1997).

Lauterbach, K.- U.

Li, Q.

Lichtman, E.

E. Lichtman, R. G. Waarts, and A. A. Friesem, “Stimulated Brillouin Scattering Excited by a Modulated Pump Wave in Single-Mode Fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 171–174 (1989).
[CrossRef]

E. Lichtman, A. A. Friesem, R. G. Waarts, and H. H. Yaffe, “Stimulated Brillouin Scattering excited by two Pump Wave in Single-Mode Fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1397–1403 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Lin, J. Y.

Lu, Z.

McNab, S. J.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, “Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides,” Nature 438, 65–69 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Minardo, A.

Mocofanescu, A.

M. J. Damzen, V. I. Vlad, V. Babin, and A. Mocofanescu, Stimulated Brillouin Scattering: Fundamentals and Applications, (IOP Publishing, 2003), Chap. 8, 147–148.

Neifeld, M. A.

R. Pant, M. D. Stenner, and M. A. Neifeld, “Designing Optimal Gain Profiles for Slow-Light Applications,” Proc. SPIE 6482, 64820R1–7 (2007).

R. Pant, M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, Z. Shi, R. W. Boyd, and D. J. Gauthier, “Maximizing the opening of eye-diagrams for slow-light systems,” Appl. Opt. 46, (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Shi, R. W. Boyd, R. Pant, M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, Z. Zhu, and D. J. Gauthier, “Design of a Tunable Time-Delay Element using Multiple Gain Lines for Large Fractional Delay with HIgh Data Fidelity,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1986–1988 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, Z. Zhu, A. M. C. Dawes, and D. J. Gauthier, “Distortion management in slow-light pulse delay,” Opt. Express 13, 9995–10002 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Shi, R. W. Boyd, Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, R. Pant, M. D. Stenner, and M. A. Neifeld, “Distortion-Reduced Pulse-Train Propagation With Large Delay in a Triple Gain Media,” OSA Slow and Fast Light conference.

O’Boyle, M.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, “Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides,” Nature 438, 65–69 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Okawachi, Y.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. M. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902(1–4) (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, Y. Okawachi, J. E. Sharping, A. L. Gaeta, R. W. Boyd, and A. E. Wilner, “Numerical study of all-optical slow-light delays via stimulated Brillouin scattering in an optical fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2378–2384 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pant, R.

R. Pant, M. D. Stenner, and M. A. Neifeld, “Designing Optimal Gain Profiles for Slow-Light Applications,” Proc. SPIE 6482, 64820R1–7 (2007).

R. Pant, M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, Z. Shi, R. W. Boyd, and D. J. Gauthier, “Maximizing the opening of eye-diagrams for slow-light systems,” Appl. Opt. 46, (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Shi, R. W. Boyd, R. Pant, M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, Z. Zhu, and D. J. Gauthier, “Design of a Tunable Time-Delay Element using Multiple Gain Lines for Large Fractional Delay with HIgh Data Fidelity,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1986–1988 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Shi, R. W. Boyd, Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, R. Pant, M. D. Stenner, and M. A. Neifeld, “Distortion-Reduced Pulse-Train Propagation With Large Delay in a Triple Gain Media,” OSA Slow and Fast Light conference.

Pesala, B.

Rauschenbach, K. A.

M. Kuznetsov, N. M. Froberg, S. R. Henion, and K. A. Rauschenbach, “Power Penalty for Optical Signals Due to Dispersion Slope in WDM Filter Cascades,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1411–1413 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rostovtsev, Y. V.

Q. Sun, Y. V. Rostovtsev, J. P. Dowling, M. O. Scully, and M. S. Zhubairy, “Optically controlled delays for broadband pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 031802(R1–4) (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schneider, T.

Schweinsberg, A.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. M. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902(1–4) (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scully, M. O.

Q. Sun, Y. V. Rostovtsev, J. P. Dowling, M. O. Scully, and M. S. Zhubairy, “Optically controlled delays for broadband pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 031802(R1–4) (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sedgwick, F. G.

Sharping, J. E.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. M. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902(1–4) (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, Y. Okawachi, J. E. Sharping, A. L. Gaeta, R. W. Boyd, and A. E. Wilner, “Numerical study of all-optical slow-light delays via stimulated Brillouin scattering in an optical fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2378–2384 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shi, Z.

R. Pant, M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, Z. Shi, R. W. Boyd, and D. J. Gauthier, “Maximizing the opening of eye-diagrams for slow-light systems,” Appl. Opt. 46, (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Shi, R. W. Boyd, R. Pant, M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, Z. Zhu, and D. J. Gauthier, “Design of a Tunable Time-Delay Element using Multiple Gain Lines for Large Fractional Delay with HIgh Data Fidelity,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1986–1988 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Shi, R. W. Boyd, Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, R. Pant, M. D. Stenner, and M. A. Neifeld, “Distortion-Reduced Pulse-Train Propagation With Large Delay in a Triple Gain Media,” OSA Slow and Fast Light conference.

Shumakher, E.

Song, K. Y.

Song, K.-Y.

Stenner, M. D.

R. Pant, M. D. Stenner, and M. A. Neifeld, “Designing Optimal Gain Profiles for Slow-Light Applications,” Proc. SPIE 6482, 64820R1–7 (2007).

Z. Shi, R. W. Boyd, R. Pant, M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, Z. Zhu, and D. J. Gauthier, “Design of a Tunable Time-Delay Element using Multiple Gain Lines for Large Fractional Delay with HIgh Data Fidelity,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1986–1988 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Pant, M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, Z. Shi, R. W. Boyd, and D. J. Gauthier, “Maximizing the opening of eye-diagrams for slow-light systems,” Appl. Opt. 46, (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, Z. Zhu, A. M. C. Dawes, and D. J. Gauthier, “Distortion management in slow-light pulse delay,” Opt. Express 13, 9995–10002 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Shi, R. W. Boyd, Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, R. Pant, M. D. Stenner, and M. A. Neifeld, “Distortion-Reduced Pulse-Train Propagation With Large Delay in a Triple Gain Media,” OSA Slow and Fast Light conference.

Su, Y.

Sun, Q.

Q. Sun, Y. V. Rostovtsev, J. P. Dowling, M. O. Scully, and M. S. Zhubairy, “Optically controlled delays for broadband pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 031802(R1–4) (2005).
[CrossRef]

Thevenaz, L.

Tur, M.

Vlad, V. I.

M. J. Damzen, V. I. Vlad, V. Babin, and A. Mocofanescu, Stimulated Brillouin Scattering: Fundamentals and Applications, (IOP Publishing, 2003), Chap. 8, 147–148.

Vlasov, Y. A.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, “Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides,” Nature 438, 65–69 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Waarts, R. G.

E. Lichtman, R. G. Waarts, and A. A. Friesem, “Stimulated Brillouin Scattering Excited by a Modulated Pump Wave in Single-Mode Fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 171–174 (1989).
[CrossRef]

E. Lichtman, A. A. Friesem, R. G. Waarts, and H. H. Yaffe, “Stimulated Brillouin Scattering excited by two Pump Wave in Single-Mode Fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1397–1403 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Willinger, A.

Willner, A. E.

Wilner, A. E.

Yaffe, H. H.

Yan, L.

Yi, L.

Zadok, A.

Zeni, L.

Zhang, B.

Zhang, L.

Zhao, X.

Zheng, K.

Zhu, Z.

Zhu, Z. M.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. M. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902(1–4) (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhubairy, M. S.

Q. Sun, Y. V. Rostovtsev, J. P. Dowling, M. O. Scully, and M. S. Zhubairy, “Optically controlled delays for broadband pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 031802(R1–4) (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

R. Pant, M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, Z. Shi, R. W. Boyd, and D. J. Gauthier, “Maximizing the opening of eye-diagrams for slow-light systems,” Appl. Opt. 46, (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Kuznetsov, N. M. Froberg, S. R. Henion, and K. A. Rauschenbach, “Power Penalty for Optical Signals Due to Dispersion Slope in WDM Filter Cascades,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1411–1413 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Nature (1)

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, “Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides,” Nature 438, 65–69 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (14)

E. Shumakher, A. Willinger, R. Blit, D. Dahan, and G. Eisenstein, “Large tunable delay with low distortion of 10 Gbit/s data in a slow light system based on narrow band fiber parametric amplification,” Opt. Express 14, 8540–8545 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Blair and K. Zheng, “Intensity-tunable group delay using stimulated Raman scattering in silicon slow-light waveguides,” Opt. Express 14, 1064–1069 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. G. Sedgwick, B. Pesala, J. Y. Lin, W. S. Ko, X. Zhao, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “THz-bandwidth tunable slow light in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Opt. Express 15, 747–753 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. G. Herraez, K. Y. Song, and L. Thevenaz, “Arbitrary-bandwidth Brillouin slow light in optical fibers,” Opt. Express 14, 1395–1400 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Zadok, A. Eyal, and M. Tur, “Extended delay of broadband signals in stimulated Brillouin scattering slow light using synthesized pump chirp,” Opt. Express 14, 8498–8505 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Schneider, M. Junker, and K.- U. Lauterbach, “Potential ultra wide slow-light bandwidth enhancement,” Opt. Express 14, 11082–11087 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, Z. Zhu, A. M. C. Dawes, and D. J. Gauthier, “Distortion management in slow-light pulse delay,” Opt. Express 13, 9995–10002 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Minardo, R. Bernini, and L. Zeni, “Low distortion Brillouin slow light in optical fibers using AMmodulation,” Opt. Express 14, 5866–5876 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Lu, Y. Dong, and Q. Li, “Slow light in multi-line Brillouin gain spectrum,” Opt. Express 15, 1871–1877 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Zhang, L. Yan, I. Fazal, L. Zhang, A. E. Wilner, and D. J. Gauthier, “Slow light on Gbit/s differential-phase-shift-keying signals,” Opt. Express 15, 1878–1883 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Yi, Y. Jaoun, W. Hu, Y. Su, and S. Bigo, “Improved slow-light performance of 10 Gb/s NRZ, PSBT and DPSK signals in fiber broadband SBS,” Opt. Express 15,, 16972–16979 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Zhu and D. J. Gauthier, “Nearly Transparent SBS slow light in an optical fiber,” Opt. Express 14, 7238–7245 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Chin, M. G. Herraez, and L. Thevenaz, “Zero-gain slow fast light propagation in an optical fiber,” Opt. Express 14, 10684–10692 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Schneider, R. Henker, K.- U. Lauterbach, and M. Junker, “Comparison of delay enhancement mechanisms for SBS-based slow ligt systems,” Opt. Express 15, 9606–9613 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

Q. Sun, Y. V. Rostovtsev, J. P. Dowling, M. O. Scully, and M. S. Zhubairy, “Optically controlled delays for broadband pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 031802(R1–4) (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. M. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902(1–4) (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (1)

R. Pant, M. D. Stenner, and M. A. Neifeld, “Designing Optimal Gain Profiles for Slow-Light Applications,” Proc. SPIE 6482, 64820R1–7 (2007).

Other (5)

M. J. Damzen, V. I. Vlad, V. Babin, and A. Mocofanescu, Stimulated Brillouin Scattering: Fundamentals and Applications, (IOP Publishing, 2003), Chap. 8, 147–148.

B. P. Lathi, Modern Digital and Analog Communication Systems, 2nd Ed. (Oxford University Press., 1997).

R. W. Boyd and D. J. Gauthier, in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, Ed. (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2002), 43, chap. 6, 497–530.
[CrossRef]

D. J. Gauthier, A. L. Gaeta, and R. W. Boyd, “Slow Light: From basics to future prospects,” Photonics Spectra, 44–50, March (2006).

Z. Shi, R. W. Boyd, Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, R. Pant, M. D. Stenner, and M. A. Neifeld, “Distortion-Reduced Pulse-Train Propagation With Large Delay in a Triple Gain Media,” OSA Slow and Fast Light conference.

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Arbitray pump broadened slow-light system.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Initial random pump profile and (b) pump profiles for the GNPB (solid) and the optimal gain-only (dash) medium optimized using the super-Gaussian pulse spectrum and T pulse=166 ps.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Gain profile and (b) refractive index profile for the GNPB medium (solid), optimal gain-only medium (dash), and super-Gaussian(SG) pump (dots) optimized for super-Gaussian pulse spectrum and T pulse=166 ps.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Optimal pump profile (solid) and super-Gaussian fit (dash) for gain-only medium using super-Gaussian pulse spectrum and T pulse=166 ps.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Output pulses for (a) Gaussian input pulse (solid) and (b) super-Gaussian input pulse (solid) for the GNPB (dash) and the optimal gain-only medium (dash-dot) and T pulse=166 ps.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a) Optimal absorption pump profile (solid) and super-Gaussian fit (dash) and (b) gain+absoprtion profile (solid) and super-Gaussian fit (dash) for gain+absorption medium using super-Gaussian pulse spectrum and T pulse=250 ps.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Output pulses for (a) Gaussian (solid) input pulse and (b) super-Gaussian (solid) input pulse for the GNPB medium (dash), optimal gain-only medium (dash-dot), and optimal gain+absorption medium (dot) for T pulse=250 ps.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Fractional pulse delay, central gain exponent, and total pump power for the GNPB (solid), optimal gain-only (circles), and optimal gain+absorption (diamonds and squares) medium as a function of pulse bandwidth for super-Gaussian (a,c,e) and Gaussian pulses (b,d,f).

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Output eye diagrams for (a) GNPB mediun and (b) optimized super-Gaussian pump using a super-Gaussian RZ pulse sequence and 1/e FWHM pulse width Tpulse=166 ps.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Output eye diagrams for (a) GNPB (b) super-Gaussian gain-only and (c) super-Gaussian gain+absorption medium using a super-Gaussian RZ pulse sequence and 1/e FWHM pulse width Tpulse=250 ps.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Maximum fractional delay and respective optimal pulse bandwidth

Equations (3)

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E ( ω ) z = j k ( ω ) E ( ω ) ,
k ( ω ) = g 0 P 0 γ ( 2 A ) [ ω ( ω p Ω B ) + j γ ] .
D c = norm 2 [ S ( ω ) ( T SL ( ω ) T ideal ( ω ) ) ] ω 0 B ω 0 + B ,

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