Abstract

We report the fabrication of nanoparticles that contain metal nanoclusters at the surface of the CaO-B2O3-Bi2O3-Al2O3-TiO2 glass using XeCl laser irradiation. We have demonstrated that the surface morphology such as that containing nanoparticles or a smooth flat surface can be controlled by laser irradiation conditions; the laser fluence, repetition rate, and temperature of the glass. The transmission electron microscope (TEM) images of the cross section of the nanoparticles show that the metal nanoclusters were formed inside the nanoparticle by XeCl pulsed laser irradiation, a unique phenomenon different from TiO2-crystallization achieved by conventional heat-treatment of the glass. Since formation of nanoparticles containing metal nanocluster is a phenomenon different from previous papers about XeCl laser irradiation of oxide glasses, the combined process of pulsed laser irradiation and heat-treatment will open a wide variety of optical glass devices.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. M. Davis, K. Miura, N. Sugimoto, and K. Hirao, "Writing waveguides in glass with a femtosecond laser," Opt. Lett. 21,1729-1731 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. S. Maruo, O. Nakamura, and S. Kawata, "Three-dimensional microfabrication with two-photon-absorbed photopolymerization" Opt. Lett. 22,132-134 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H.-B. Sun, S. Matsuo and H. Misawa, "Two-photon readout of three-dimensional memory in silica," Appl. Phys. Lett.,  77,13-15 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. W. Watanabe, T. Asano, K. Yamada, K. Itoh, and J. Nishii, "Wavelength division with three-dimensional couplers fabricated by filamentation of femtosecond laser pulses," Opt. Lett. 28,2491-2493 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. Nogami, A. Ohno, and H. You, "Laser-induced SnO2 crystallization and fluorescene properties in Eu3+-doped SnO2-SiO2 glasses," Phys. Rev. B 68,104204/1-104204/7 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. Shimotsuma, K. Hirao, P. G. Kazansky, and J. Qiu, "Three-dimentional Micro- and Nano-fabrication in transparent materials by femtosecond laser," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44,4735-4748 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. Fujiwara, R. Ogawa, Y. Takahashi, Y. Benino, and T. Komatsu, "Laser-induced photnic periodic structure in tellrite based glass ceramics," Phys. Chem. Glasses,  43C,213-216 (2002).
  8. H. Nishiyama, I. Miyamoto, S. Matsumoto, M. Saito, K. Fukumi, K. Kintaka, and J. Nishii, "Periodic precipitation of crystalline Ge nanoparticles in Ge-B-SiO2 thin glass films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85,3734-3736 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. Nishiyama, I. Miyamoto, Y. Hirata, and J. Nishii, "Periodic structures consisting of germanium nanoparticles in buried channel waveguides," Opt. Express 15,2047-2054 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. Mizuno, T. Fujiwara, Y. Benino, and T. Komatsu, "Novel Technique for Fabrication of Nanoparticle Structures in KNbO3-TeO2 Glass for Photonic Integrated Circuits," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45,6121-6125 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. Masai, S. Mizuno, T. Fujiwara, Y. Benino, T. Komatsu and H. Mori, "Creation of locally selective mirror surface on 40BaO-40TiO2-20B2O3 glass by XeCl pulse laser irradiation," J. Mater. Res. 22,1270-1274 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. Sato Y. Benino, T, Fujiwara, and T, Komatsu, "YAG laser-induced crystalline dot patterning in samarium tellurite glasses," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 289,228-232 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  13. T. Honma, Y. Benino, T, Fujiwara, T, Komatsu, and R. Sato, "Technique for writing of nonlinear optical single-crystal lines in glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83,2796-2798 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  14. T. Honma, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, and T. Komatsu, "Transition metal atom heat processing for writing of crystal lines in glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88,231105-1-231105-3(2006).
    [CrossRef]
  15. H. Masai, T. Fujiwara, and H. Mori, "Fabrication of TiO2 nano-crystallized glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90,081907-1-081907-3 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  16. N. Jiang, J. Qiu, and J. Silcox, "Precipitation of nanometer scale Zn crystalline particle in ZnO-B2O3-SiO2 glass during electron irradiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77,3956-3958 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  17. N. Jiang, J. Qiu, and J. C. H. Spence, "Precipitation of Ge nanoparticles from GeO2 glasses in transmission electron microscope," Appl. Phys. Lett.,  86,143112-1-143112-3 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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2007 (3)

H. Nishiyama, I. Miyamoto, Y. Hirata, and J. Nishii, "Periodic structures consisting of germanium nanoparticles in buried channel waveguides," Opt. Express 15,2047-2054 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Masai, S. Mizuno, T. Fujiwara, Y. Benino, T. Komatsu and H. Mori, "Creation of locally selective mirror surface on 40BaO-40TiO2-20B2O3 glass by XeCl pulse laser irradiation," J. Mater. Res. 22,1270-1274 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Masai, T. Fujiwara, and H. Mori, "Fabrication of TiO2 nano-crystallized glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90,081907-1-081907-3 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

T. Honma, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, and T. Komatsu, "Transition metal atom heat processing for writing of crystal lines in glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88,231105-1-231105-3(2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Mizuno, T. Fujiwara, Y. Benino, and T. Komatsu, "Novel Technique for Fabrication of Nanoparticle Structures in KNbO3-TeO2 Glass for Photonic Integrated Circuits," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45,6121-6125 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

Y. Shimotsuma, K. Hirao, P. G. Kazansky, and J. Qiu, "Three-dimentional Micro- and Nano-fabrication in transparent materials by femtosecond laser," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44,4735-4748 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Jiang, J. Qiu, and J. C. H. Spence, "Precipitation of Ge nanoparticles from GeO2 glasses in transmission electron microscope," Appl. Phys. Lett.,  86,143112-1-143112-3 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

H. Nishiyama, I. Miyamoto, S. Matsumoto, M. Saito, K. Fukumi, K. Kintaka, and J. Nishii, "Periodic precipitation of crystalline Ge nanoparticles in Ge-B-SiO2 thin glass films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85,3734-3736 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

W. Watanabe, T. Asano, K. Yamada, K. Itoh, and J. Nishii, "Wavelength division with three-dimensional couplers fabricated by filamentation of femtosecond laser pulses," Opt. Lett. 28,2491-2493 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nogami, A. Ohno, and H. You, "Laser-induced SnO2 crystallization and fluorescene properties in Eu3+-doped SnO2-SiO2 glasses," Phys. Rev. B 68,104204/1-104204/7 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Honma, Y. Benino, T, Fujiwara, T, Komatsu, and R. Sato, "Technique for writing of nonlinear optical single-crystal lines in glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83,2796-2798 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

T. Fujiwara, R. Ogawa, Y. Takahashi, Y. Benino, and T. Komatsu, "Laser-induced photnic periodic structure in tellrite based glass ceramics," Phys. Chem. Glasses,  43C,213-216 (2002).

2001 (1)

R. Sato Y. Benino, T, Fujiwara, and T, Komatsu, "YAG laser-induced crystalline dot patterning in samarium tellurite glasses," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 289,228-232 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

N. Jiang, J. Qiu, and J. Silcox, "Precipitation of nanometer scale Zn crystalline particle in ZnO-B2O3-SiO2 glass during electron irradiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77,3956-3958 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H.-B. Sun, S. Matsuo and H. Misawa, "Two-photon readout of three-dimensional memory in silica," Appl. Phys. Lett.,  77,13-15 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

Asano, T.

Benino, Y.

H. Masai, S. Mizuno, T. Fujiwara, Y. Benino, T. Komatsu and H. Mori, "Creation of locally selective mirror surface on 40BaO-40TiO2-20B2O3 glass by XeCl pulse laser irradiation," J. Mater. Res. 22,1270-1274 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Honma, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, and T. Komatsu, "Transition metal atom heat processing for writing of crystal lines in glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88,231105-1-231105-3(2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Mizuno, T. Fujiwara, Y. Benino, and T. Komatsu, "Novel Technique for Fabrication of Nanoparticle Structures in KNbO3-TeO2 Glass for Photonic Integrated Circuits," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45,6121-6125 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Honma, Y. Benino, T, Fujiwara, T, Komatsu, and R. Sato, "Technique for writing of nonlinear optical single-crystal lines in glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83,2796-2798 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Fujiwara, R. Ogawa, Y. Takahashi, Y. Benino, and T. Komatsu, "Laser-induced photnic periodic structure in tellrite based glass ceramics," Phys. Chem. Glasses,  43C,213-216 (2002).

Davis, K. M.

Fujiwara, T.

H. Masai, S. Mizuno, T. Fujiwara, Y. Benino, T. Komatsu and H. Mori, "Creation of locally selective mirror surface on 40BaO-40TiO2-20B2O3 glass by XeCl pulse laser irradiation," J. Mater. Res. 22,1270-1274 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Masai, T. Fujiwara, and H. Mori, "Fabrication of TiO2 nano-crystallized glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90,081907-1-081907-3 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Mizuno, T. Fujiwara, Y. Benino, and T. Komatsu, "Novel Technique for Fabrication of Nanoparticle Structures in KNbO3-TeO2 Glass for Photonic Integrated Circuits," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45,6121-6125 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Honma, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, and T. Komatsu, "Transition metal atom heat processing for writing of crystal lines in glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88,231105-1-231105-3(2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Fujiwara, R. Ogawa, Y. Takahashi, Y. Benino, and T. Komatsu, "Laser-induced photnic periodic structure in tellrite based glass ceramics," Phys. Chem. Glasses,  43C,213-216 (2002).

Fukumi, K.

H. Nishiyama, I. Miyamoto, S. Matsumoto, M. Saito, K. Fukumi, K. Kintaka, and J. Nishii, "Periodic precipitation of crystalline Ge nanoparticles in Ge-B-SiO2 thin glass films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85,3734-3736 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hirao, K.

Y. Shimotsuma, K. Hirao, P. G. Kazansky, and J. Qiu, "Three-dimentional Micro- and Nano-fabrication in transparent materials by femtosecond laser," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44,4735-4748 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Davis, K. Miura, N. Sugimoto, and K. Hirao, "Writing waveguides in glass with a femtosecond laser," Opt. Lett. 21,1729-1731 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hirata, Y.

Honma, T.

T. Honma, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, and T. Komatsu, "Transition metal atom heat processing for writing of crystal lines in glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88,231105-1-231105-3(2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Honma, Y. Benino, T, Fujiwara, T, Komatsu, and R. Sato, "Technique for writing of nonlinear optical single-crystal lines in glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83,2796-2798 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Itoh, K.

Jiang, N.

N. Jiang, J. Qiu, and J. C. H. Spence, "Precipitation of Ge nanoparticles from GeO2 glasses in transmission electron microscope," Appl. Phys. Lett.,  86,143112-1-143112-3 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Jiang, J. Qiu, and J. Silcox, "Precipitation of nanometer scale Zn crystalline particle in ZnO-B2O3-SiO2 glass during electron irradiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77,3956-3958 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Juodkazis, S.

M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H.-B. Sun, S. Matsuo and H. Misawa, "Two-photon readout of three-dimensional memory in silica," Appl. Phys. Lett.,  77,13-15 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kawata, S.

Kazansky, P. G.

Y. Shimotsuma, K. Hirao, P. G. Kazansky, and J. Qiu, "Three-dimentional Micro- and Nano-fabrication in transparent materials by femtosecond laser," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44,4735-4748 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kintaka, K.

H. Nishiyama, I. Miyamoto, S. Matsumoto, M. Saito, K. Fukumi, K. Kintaka, and J. Nishii, "Periodic precipitation of crystalline Ge nanoparticles in Ge-B-SiO2 thin glass films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85,3734-3736 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Komatsu, T.

H. Masai, S. Mizuno, T. Fujiwara, Y. Benino, T. Komatsu and H. Mori, "Creation of locally selective mirror surface on 40BaO-40TiO2-20B2O3 glass by XeCl pulse laser irradiation," J. Mater. Res. 22,1270-1274 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Honma, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, and T. Komatsu, "Transition metal atom heat processing for writing of crystal lines in glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88,231105-1-231105-3(2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Mizuno, T. Fujiwara, Y. Benino, and T. Komatsu, "Novel Technique for Fabrication of Nanoparticle Structures in KNbO3-TeO2 Glass for Photonic Integrated Circuits," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45,6121-6125 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Fujiwara, R. Ogawa, Y. Takahashi, Y. Benino, and T. Komatsu, "Laser-induced photnic periodic structure in tellrite based glass ceramics," Phys. Chem. Glasses,  43C,213-216 (2002).

Maruo, S.

Masai, H.

H. Masai, S. Mizuno, T. Fujiwara, Y. Benino, T. Komatsu and H. Mori, "Creation of locally selective mirror surface on 40BaO-40TiO2-20B2O3 glass by XeCl pulse laser irradiation," J. Mater. Res. 22,1270-1274 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Masai, T. Fujiwara, and H. Mori, "Fabrication of TiO2 nano-crystallized glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90,081907-1-081907-3 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Matsumoto, S.

H. Nishiyama, I. Miyamoto, S. Matsumoto, M. Saito, K. Fukumi, K. Kintaka, and J. Nishii, "Periodic precipitation of crystalline Ge nanoparticles in Ge-B-SiO2 thin glass films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85,3734-3736 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Matsuo, S.

M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H.-B. Sun, S. Matsuo and H. Misawa, "Two-photon readout of three-dimensional memory in silica," Appl. Phys. Lett.,  77,13-15 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Misawa, H.

M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H.-B. Sun, S. Matsuo and H. Misawa, "Two-photon readout of three-dimensional memory in silica," Appl. Phys. Lett.,  77,13-15 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Miura, K.

Miyamoto, I.

H. Nishiyama, I. Miyamoto, Y. Hirata, and J. Nishii, "Periodic structures consisting of germanium nanoparticles in buried channel waveguides," Opt. Express 15,2047-2054 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Nishiyama, I. Miyamoto, S. Matsumoto, M. Saito, K. Fukumi, K. Kintaka, and J. Nishii, "Periodic precipitation of crystalline Ge nanoparticles in Ge-B-SiO2 thin glass films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85,3734-3736 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mizuno, S.

H. Masai, S. Mizuno, T. Fujiwara, Y. Benino, T. Komatsu and H. Mori, "Creation of locally selective mirror surface on 40BaO-40TiO2-20B2O3 glass by XeCl pulse laser irradiation," J. Mater. Res. 22,1270-1274 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Mizuno, T. Fujiwara, Y. Benino, and T. Komatsu, "Novel Technique for Fabrication of Nanoparticle Structures in KNbO3-TeO2 Glass for Photonic Integrated Circuits," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45,6121-6125 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mori, H.

H. Masai, S. Mizuno, T. Fujiwara, Y. Benino, T. Komatsu and H. Mori, "Creation of locally selective mirror surface on 40BaO-40TiO2-20B2O3 glass by XeCl pulse laser irradiation," J. Mater. Res. 22,1270-1274 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Masai, T. Fujiwara, and H. Mori, "Fabrication of TiO2 nano-crystallized glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90,081907-1-081907-3 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, O.

Nishii, J.

Nishiyama, H.

H. Nishiyama, I. Miyamoto, Y. Hirata, and J. Nishii, "Periodic structures consisting of germanium nanoparticles in buried channel waveguides," Opt. Express 15,2047-2054 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Nishiyama, I. Miyamoto, S. Matsumoto, M. Saito, K. Fukumi, K. Kintaka, and J. Nishii, "Periodic precipitation of crystalline Ge nanoparticles in Ge-B-SiO2 thin glass films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85,3734-3736 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nogami, M.

M. Nogami, A. Ohno, and H. You, "Laser-induced SnO2 crystallization and fluorescene properties in Eu3+-doped SnO2-SiO2 glasses," Phys. Rev. B 68,104204/1-104204/7 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ogawa, R.

T. Fujiwara, R. Ogawa, Y. Takahashi, Y. Benino, and T. Komatsu, "Laser-induced photnic periodic structure in tellrite based glass ceramics," Phys. Chem. Glasses,  43C,213-216 (2002).

Ohno, A.

M. Nogami, A. Ohno, and H. You, "Laser-induced SnO2 crystallization and fluorescene properties in Eu3+-doped SnO2-SiO2 glasses," Phys. Rev. B 68,104204/1-104204/7 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

Y. Shimotsuma, K. Hirao, P. G. Kazansky, and J. Qiu, "Three-dimentional Micro- and Nano-fabrication in transparent materials by femtosecond laser," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44,4735-4748 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Jiang, J. Qiu, and J. C. H. Spence, "Precipitation of Ge nanoparticles from GeO2 glasses in transmission electron microscope," Appl. Phys. Lett.,  86,143112-1-143112-3 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Jiang, J. Qiu, and J. Silcox, "Precipitation of nanometer scale Zn crystalline particle in ZnO-B2O3-SiO2 glass during electron irradiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77,3956-3958 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Saito, M.

H. Nishiyama, I. Miyamoto, S. Matsumoto, M. Saito, K. Fukumi, K. Kintaka, and J. Nishii, "Periodic precipitation of crystalline Ge nanoparticles in Ge-B-SiO2 thin glass films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85,3734-3736 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shimotsuma, Y.

Y. Shimotsuma, K. Hirao, P. G. Kazansky, and J. Qiu, "Three-dimentional Micro- and Nano-fabrication in transparent materials by femtosecond laser," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44,4735-4748 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Silcox, J.

N. Jiang, J. Qiu, and J. Silcox, "Precipitation of nanometer scale Zn crystalline particle in ZnO-B2O3-SiO2 glass during electron irradiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77,3956-3958 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Spence, J. C. H.

N. Jiang, J. Qiu, and J. C. H. Spence, "Precipitation of Ge nanoparticles from GeO2 glasses in transmission electron microscope," Appl. Phys. Lett.,  86,143112-1-143112-3 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, N.

Sun, H.-B.

M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H.-B. Sun, S. Matsuo and H. Misawa, "Two-photon readout of three-dimensional memory in silica," Appl. Phys. Lett.,  77,13-15 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, Y.

T. Fujiwara, R. Ogawa, Y. Takahashi, Y. Benino, and T. Komatsu, "Laser-induced photnic periodic structure in tellrite based glass ceramics," Phys. Chem. Glasses,  43C,213-216 (2002).

Watanabe, M.

M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H.-B. Sun, S. Matsuo and H. Misawa, "Two-photon readout of three-dimensional memory in silica," Appl. Phys. Lett.,  77,13-15 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, W.

Yamada, K.

You, H.

M. Nogami, A. Ohno, and H. You, "Laser-induced SnO2 crystallization and fluorescene properties in Eu3+-doped SnO2-SiO2 glasses," Phys. Rev. B 68,104204/1-104204/7 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (7)

M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H.-B. Sun, S. Matsuo and H. Misawa, "Two-photon readout of three-dimensional memory in silica," Appl. Phys. Lett.,  77,13-15 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Nishiyama, I. Miyamoto, S. Matsumoto, M. Saito, K. Fukumi, K. Kintaka, and J. Nishii, "Periodic precipitation of crystalline Ge nanoparticles in Ge-B-SiO2 thin glass films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85,3734-3736 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Honma, Y. Benino, T, Fujiwara, T, Komatsu, and R. Sato, "Technique for writing of nonlinear optical single-crystal lines in glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83,2796-2798 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Honma, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, and T. Komatsu, "Transition metal atom heat processing for writing of crystal lines in glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88,231105-1-231105-3(2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Masai, T. Fujiwara, and H. Mori, "Fabrication of TiO2 nano-crystallized glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90,081907-1-081907-3 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Jiang, J. Qiu, and J. Silcox, "Precipitation of nanometer scale Zn crystalline particle in ZnO-B2O3-SiO2 glass during electron irradiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77,3956-3958 (2000).
[CrossRef]

N. Jiang, J. Qiu, and J. C. H. Spence, "Precipitation of Ge nanoparticles from GeO2 glasses in transmission electron microscope," Appl. Phys. Lett.,  86,143112-1-143112-3 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Res. (1)

H. Masai, S. Mizuno, T. Fujiwara, Y. Benino, T. Komatsu and H. Mori, "Creation of locally selective mirror surface on 40BaO-40TiO2-20B2O3 glass by XeCl pulse laser irradiation," J. Mater. Res. 22,1270-1274 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

R. Sato Y. Benino, T, Fujiwara, and T, Komatsu, "YAG laser-induced crystalline dot patterning in samarium tellurite glasses," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 289,228-232 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (2)

S. Mizuno, T. Fujiwara, Y. Benino, and T. Komatsu, "Novel Technique for Fabrication of Nanoparticle Structures in KNbO3-TeO2 Glass for Photonic Integrated Circuits," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45,6121-6125 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Chem. Glasses (1)

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Phys. Rev. B (1)

M. Nogami, A. Ohno, and H. You, "Laser-induced SnO2 crystallization and fluorescene properties in Eu3+-doped SnO2-SiO2 glasses," Phys. Rev. B 68,104204/1-104204/7 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

AFM images at the surface of the CaBBAT glasses after XeCl pulsed laser irradiation. Three columns and three rows show the sample temperature and the laser fluence, respectively. The average particle diameter and specific surface area are shown in the upper left and lower right of each AFM image, respectively.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

AFM images at the surface of the CaBBAT glasses after XeCl pulsed laser irradiation with different irradiation conditions. The average particle diameter is shown in each AFM image.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) AFM images at the surface of the CaBBAT glasses after XeCl pulsed laser irradiation using a phase mask with 400 nm pitch. (b) The top view of the image.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) TEM image of the CaBBAT glass at the laser-irradiated area. (b) TEM image of the CaBBAT glass at an unirradiated area. Inset shows the electron diffraction pattern of the CaBBAT glass at an irradiated area.

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