Abstract

9.953 GHz phase-modulated continuous-wave laser combs are spectrally broadened via nonlinear propagation in normal and anomalous dispersion media and experimentally characterized using a differential phase shift keying (DPSK) decoder. DPSK bit-error rate data are in qualitative agreement with radio-frequency spectrum analyzer measurements.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. A. Linke and A. H. Gnauck, "High-capacity coherent lightwave systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1750-1769 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  2. H. Toba, K. Oda, and K. Nosu, "Design and performance of FSK-direct detection scheme for optical FDM systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1335-1343 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. Chikama, S. Watanabe, T. Naito, H. Onaka, T. Kiyonaga, Y. Onoda, H. Miyata, M. Suyama, M. Seino, and H. Kuwahara, "Modulation and demodulation techniques in optical heterodyne PSK transmission systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 309-325 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. H. Gnauck and P. J. Winzer, "Optical phase-shift-keyed transmission," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 115-130 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Mlejnek, "Balanced differential phase-shift keying detector performance: an analytical study," Opt. Lett. 31, 2266-2268 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. Weisser, S. Ferber, L. Raddatz, R. Ludwig, A. Benz, C. Boerner, and H. G. Weber, "Single- and alternating polarization 170 Gb/s transmission up to 4000 km using dispersion-managed fiber and all-Raman amplification," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1320-1322 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, "Single channel 1.28 T/s and 2.56 Tb/s DQPSK transmission," Electron. Lett. 42, 178-179 (2006).
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    [CrossRef]
  9. F. Quinlan, S. Gee, S. Ozharar, and P. J. Delfyett, "Ultralow-jitter and -amplitude-noise semiconductor-based actively mode-locked laser," Opt. Lett. 31, 2870-2872 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. Gee, S. Ozharar, F. Quinlan, J. J. Plant, P. W. Juodawlkis, and P. J. Delfyett, "Self-stabilization of an actively mode-locked semiconductor-based fiber-ring laser for ultralow jitter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 498-500 (2007).
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  11. K. R. Tamura, H. Kubota and M. Nakazawa, "Fundamentals of stable continuum generation at high repetition rate," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 773-779 (2000).
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  13. H. Sotobayashi and K. Kitayama, "Observation of phase conservation in multiwavelength binary phase shift-keying pulse-sequence generation at 10 Gbits_s by use of a spectrum-sliced supercontinuum in an optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 24, 1820-1822 (1999).
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  15. K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, "Fundamental noise limitations to supercontinuum generation in microstructure fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113904 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  20. C.-B. Huang, Z. Jiang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, "High-rate femtosecond pulse generation via line-by-line processing of a phase-modulated CW laser frequency comb," Electron. Lett. 42, 1114-1115 (2006).
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  22. Z. Jiang, C.-B. Huang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, "Optical arbitrary waveform processing of more than 100 spectral comb lines," Nat. Photonics 1, 463-467 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  23. D. Miyamoto, K. Mandai, T. Kurokawa, S. Takeda, T. Shioda, and H. Tsuda, "Waveform-controllable optical pulse generator using an optical pulse synthesizer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 721-723 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  24. N. K. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, J. Cao, A. Karalar, W. Jiang, K. Okamoto, J. P. Heritage, B. H. Kolner, and S. J. B. Yoo, "32 phase X 32 amplitude optical arbitrary waveform generation," Opt. Lett. 32, 865-867 (2007).
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  25. S. V. Chernikov and P. V. Mamyshev, "Femtosecond soliton propagation in fibers with slowly decreasing dispersion," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8,1633-1641 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  26. J. J. O. Pires and J. R. F. da Rocha, "Performance analysis of DPSK direct detection optical systems in the presence of interferometric intensity noise," J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1722-1730 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  27. D. von der Linde, "Characterization of the noise in continuously operating mode-locked lasers," Appl. Phys. B 39, 201-217 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  28. K. R. Tamura and M. Nakazawa, "Femtosecond soliton generation over a 32-nm wavelength range using a dispersion-flattened dispersion-decreasing fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 319-321 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

2007

2006

H. G. Weber, R. Ludwig, S. Ferber, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, M. Kroh, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, and C. Schubert, "Ultrahigh-speed OTDM-transmission technology," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4616-4627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Mlejnek, "Balanced differential phase-shift keying detector performance: an analytical study," Opt. Lett. 31, 2266-2268 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Quinlan, S. Gee, S. Ozharar, and P. J. Delfyett, "Ultralow-jitter and -amplitude-noise semiconductor-based actively mode-locked laser," Opt. Lett. 31, 2870-2872 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.-B. Huang, Z. Jiang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, "High-rate femtosecond pulse generation via line-by-line processing of a phase-modulated CW laser frequency comb," Electron. Lett. 42, 1114-1115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Miyamoto, K. Mandai, T. Kurokawa, S. Takeda, T. Shioda, and H. Tsuda, "Waveform-controllable optical pulse generator using an optical pulse synthesizer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 721-723 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Weisser, S. Ferber, L. Raddatz, R. Ludwig, A. Benz, C. Boerner, and H. G. Weber, "Single- and alternating polarization 170 Gb/s transmission up to 4000 km using dispersion-managed fiber and all-Raman amplification," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1320-1322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, "Single channel 1.28 T/s and 2.56 Tb/s DQPSK transmission," Electron. Lett. 42, 178-179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

T. Kuri, T. Nakasyotani, H. Toda and K. Kitayama, "Characterization of supercontinuum light source for WDM millimeter-wave-band radio-over-fiber systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1274-1276 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. H. Gnauck and P. J. Winzer, "Optical phase-shift-keyed transmission," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 115-130 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003

N. R. Newbury, B. R. Washburn, K. L. Corwin, and R. S. Windeler, "Noise amplification during supercontinuum generation in microstructure fiber," Opt. Lett. 28, 944-946 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, "Fundamental noise limitations to supercontinuum generation in microstructure fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113904 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001

F. Futami and K. Kikuchi, "Low-noise multiwavelength transmitter using spectrum-sliced supercontinuum generated from a normal group-velocity dispersion fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 73-75 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

H. Murata, A. Morimoto, T. Kobayashi, and S. Yamamoto, "Optical pulse generation by electrooptic-modulation method and its application to integrated ultrashort pulse generators," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1325-1331 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. R. Tamura, H. Kubota and M. Nakazawa, "Fundamentals of stable continuum generation at high repetition rate," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 773-779 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

K. R. Tamura and M. Nakazawa, "Femtosecond soliton generation over a 32-nm wavelength range using a dispersion-flattened dispersion-decreasing fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 319-321 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Sotobayashi and K. Kitayama, "Observation of phase conservation in multiwavelength binary phase shift-keying pulse-sequence generation at 10 Gbits_s by use of a spectrum-sliced supercontinuum in an optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 24, 1820-1822 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1992

J. J. O. Pires and J. R. F. da Rocha, "Performance analysis of DPSK direct detection optical systems in the presence of interferometric intensity noise," J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1722-1730 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991

S. V. Chernikov and P. V. Mamyshev, "Femtosecond soliton propagation in fibers with slowly decreasing dispersion," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8,1633-1641 (1991).
[CrossRef]

H. Toba, K. Oda, and K. Nosu, "Design and performance of FSK-direct detection scheme for optical FDM systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1335-1343 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990

T. Chikama, S. Watanabe, T. Naito, H. Onaka, T. Kiyonaga, Y. Onoda, H. Miyata, M. Suyama, M. Seino, and H. Kuwahara, "Modulation and demodulation techniques in optical heterodyne PSK transmission systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 309-325 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1988

R. A. Linke and A. H. Gnauck, "High-capacity coherent lightwave systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1750-1769 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986

D. von der Linde, "Characterization of the noise in continuously operating mode-locked lasers," Appl. Phys. B 39, 201-217 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Benz, A.

S. Weisser, S. Ferber, L. Raddatz, R. Ludwig, A. Benz, C. Boerner, and H. G. Weber, "Single- and alternating polarization 170 Gb/s transmission up to 4000 km using dispersion-managed fiber and all-Raman amplification," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1320-1322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Boerner, C.

S. Weisser, S. Ferber, L. Raddatz, R. Ludwig, A. Benz, C. Boerner, and H. G. Weber, "Single- and alternating polarization 170 Gb/s transmission up to 4000 km using dispersion-managed fiber and all-Raman amplification," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1320-1322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, "Single channel 1.28 T/s and 2.56 Tb/s DQPSK transmission," Electron. Lett. 42, 178-179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Weber, R. Ludwig, S. Ferber, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, M. Kroh, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, and C. Schubert, "Ultrahigh-speed OTDM-transmission technology," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4616-4627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cao, J.

Chernikov, S. V.

Chikama, T.

T. Chikama, S. Watanabe, T. Naito, H. Onaka, T. Kiyonaga, Y. Onoda, H. Miyata, M. Suyama, M. Seino, and H. Kuwahara, "Modulation and demodulation techniques in optical heterodyne PSK transmission systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 309-325 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Coen, S.

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, "Fundamental noise limitations to supercontinuum generation in microstructure fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113904 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corwin, K. L.

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, "Fundamental noise limitations to supercontinuum generation in microstructure fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113904 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. R. Newbury, B. R. Washburn, K. L. Corwin, and R. S. Windeler, "Noise amplification during supercontinuum generation in microstructure fiber," Opt. Lett. 28, 944-946 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

da Rocha, J. R. F.

J. J. O. Pires and J. R. F. da Rocha, "Performance analysis of DPSK direct detection optical systems in the presence of interferometric intensity noise," J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1722-1730 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Delfyett, P. J.

S. Gee, S. Ozharar, F. Quinlan, J. J. Plant, P. W. Juodawlkis, and P. J. Delfyett, "Self-stabilization of an actively mode-locked semiconductor-based fiber-ring laser for ultralow jitter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 498-500 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Quinlan, S. Gee, S. Ozharar, and P. J. Delfyett, "Ultralow-jitter and -amplitude-noise semiconductor-based actively mode-locked laser," Opt. Lett. 31, 2870-2872 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Diddams, S. A.

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, "Fundamental noise limitations to supercontinuum generation in microstructure fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113904 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dudley, J. M.

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, "Fundamental noise limitations to supercontinuum generation in microstructure fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113904 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ferber, S.

S. Weisser, S. Ferber, L. Raddatz, R. Ludwig, A. Benz, C. Boerner, and H. G. Weber, "Single- and alternating polarization 170 Gb/s transmission up to 4000 km using dispersion-managed fiber and all-Raman amplification," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1320-1322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Weber, R. Ludwig, S. Ferber, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, M. Kroh, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, and C. Schubert, "Ultrahigh-speed OTDM-transmission technology," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4616-4627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, "Single channel 1.28 T/s and 2.56 Tb/s DQPSK transmission," Electron. Lett. 42, 178-179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fontaine, N. K.

Futami, F.

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, "Single channel 1.28 T/s and 2.56 Tb/s DQPSK transmission," Electron. Lett. 42, 178-179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Futami and K. Kikuchi, "Low-noise multiwavelength transmitter using spectrum-sliced supercontinuum generated from a normal group-velocity dispersion fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 73-75 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gee, S.

S. Gee, S. Ozharar, F. Quinlan, J. J. Plant, P. W. Juodawlkis, and P. J. Delfyett, "Self-stabilization of an actively mode-locked semiconductor-based fiber-ring laser for ultralow jitter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 498-500 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Quinlan, S. Gee, S. Ozharar, and P. J. Delfyett, "Ultralow-jitter and -amplitude-noise semiconductor-based actively mode-locked laser," Opt. Lett. 31, 2870-2872 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gnauck, A. H.

A. H. Gnauck and P. J. Winzer, "Optical phase-shift-keyed transmission," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 115-130 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Linke and A. H. Gnauck, "High-capacity coherent lightwave systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1750-1769 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Heritage, J. P.

Huang, C.-B.

Z. Jiang, C.-B. Huang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, "Optical arbitrary waveform processing of more than 100 spectral comb lines," Nat. Photonics 1, 463-467 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C.-B. Huang, Z. Jiang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, "High-rate femtosecond pulse generation via line-by-line processing of a phase-modulated CW laser frequency comb," Electron. Lett. 42, 1114-1115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Izutsu, M.

Jiang, W.

Jiang, Z.

Z. Jiang, C.-B. Huang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, "Optical arbitrary waveform processing of more than 100 spectral comb lines," Nat. Photonics 1, 463-467 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C.-B. Huang, Z. Jiang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, "High-rate femtosecond pulse generation via line-by-line processing of a phase-modulated CW laser frequency comb," Electron. Lett. 42, 1114-1115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Juodawlkis, P. W.

S. Gee, S. Ozharar, F. Quinlan, J. J. Plant, P. W. Juodawlkis, and P. J. Delfyett, "Self-stabilization of an actively mode-locked semiconductor-based fiber-ring laser for ultralow jitter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 498-500 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Karalar, A.

Kawanishi, T.

Kikuchi, K.

F. Futami and K. Kikuchi, "Low-noise multiwavelength transmitter using spectrum-sliced supercontinuum generated from a normal group-velocity dispersion fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 73-75 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kitayama, K.

T. Kuri, T. Nakasyotani, H. Toda and K. Kitayama, "Characterization of supercontinuum light source for WDM millimeter-wave-band radio-over-fiber systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1274-1276 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Sotobayashi and K. Kitayama, "Observation of phase conservation in multiwavelength binary phase shift-keying pulse-sequence generation at 10 Gbits_s by use of a spectrum-sliced supercontinuum in an optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 24, 1820-1822 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kiyonaga, T.

T. Chikama, S. Watanabe, T. Naito, H. Onaka, T. Kiyonaga, Y. Onoda, H. Miyata, M. Suyama, M. Seino, and H. Kuwahara, "Modulation and demodulation techniques in optical heterodyne PSK transmission systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 309-325 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, T.

H. Murata, A. Morimoto, T. Kobayashi, and S. Yamamoto, "Optical pulse generation by electrooptic-modulation method and its application to integrated ultrashort pulse generators," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1325-1331 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kolner, B. H.

Kroh, M.

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, "Single channel 1.28 T/s and 2.56 Tb/s DQPSK transmission," Electron. Lett. 42, 178-179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Weber, R. Ludwig, S. Ferber, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, M. Kroh, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, and C. Schubert, "Ultrahigh-speed OTDM-transmission technology," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4616-4627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kubota, H.

K. R. Tamura, H. Kubota and M. Nakazawa, "Fundamentals of stable continuum generation at high repetition rate," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 773-779 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kuri, T.

T. Kuri, T. Nakasyotani, H. Toda and K. Kitayama, "Characterization of supercontinuum light source for WDM millimeter-wave-band radio-over-fiber systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1274-1276 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kurokawa, T.

D. Miyamoto, K. Mandai, T. Kurokawa, S. Takeda, T. Shioda, and H. Tsuda, "Waveform-controllable optical pulse generator using an optical pulse synthesizer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 721-723 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kuwahara, H.

T. Chikama, S. Watanabe, T. Naito, H. Onaka, T. Kiyonaga, Y. Onoda, H. Miyata, M. Suyama, M. Seino, and H. Kuwahara, "Modulation and demodulation techniques in optical heterodyne PSK transmission systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 309-325 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Leaird, D. E.

Z. Jiang, C.-B. Huang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, "Optical arbitrary waveform processing of more than 100 spectral comb lines," Nat. Photonics 1, 463-467 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C.-B. Huang, Z. Jiang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, "High-rate femtosecond pulse generation via line-by-line processing of a phase-modulated CW laser frequency comb," Electron. Lett. 42, 1114-1115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. H.

Linke, R. A.

R. A. Linke and A. H. Gnauck, "High-capacity coherent lightwave systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1750-1769 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Ludwig, R.

H. G. Weber, R. Ludwig, S. Ferber, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, M. Kroh, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, and C. Schubert, "Ultrahigh-speed OTDM-transmission technology," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4616-4627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, "Single channel 1.28 T/s and 2.56 Tb/s DQPSK transmission," Electron. Lett. 42, 178-179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Weisser, S. Ferber, L. Raddatz, R. Ludwig, A. Benz, C. Boerner, and H. G. Weber, "Single- and alternating polarization 170 Gb/s transmission up to 4000 km using dispersion-managed fiber and all-Raman amplification," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1320-1322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mamyshev, P. V.

Mandai, K.

D. Miyamoto, K. Mandai, T. Kurokawa, S. Takeda, T. Shioda, and H. Tsuda, "Waveform-controllable optical pulse generator using an optical pulse synthesizer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 721-723 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Marembert, V.

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, "Single channel 1.28 T/s and 2.56 Tb/s DQPSK transmission," Electron. Lett. 42, 178-179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Weber, R. Ludwig, S. Ferber, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, M. Kroh, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, and C. Schubert, "Ultrahigh-speed OTDM-transmission technology," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4616-4627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Miyamoto, D.

D. Miyamoto, K. Mandai, T. Kurokawa, S. Takeda, T. Shioda, and H. Tsuda, "Waveform-controllable optical pulse generator using an optical pulse synthesizer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 721-723 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Miyata, H.

T. Chikama, S. Watanabe, T. Naito, H. Onaka, T. Kiyonaga, Y. Onoda, H. Miyata, M. Suyama, M. Seino, and H. Kuwahara, "Modulation and demodulation techniques in optical heterodyne PSK transmission systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 309-325 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Mlejnek, M.

Morimoto, A.

H. Murata, A. Morimoto, T. Kobayashi, and S. Yamamoto, "Optical pulse generation by electrooptic-modulation method and its application to integrated ultrashort pulse generators," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1325-1331 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Murata, H.

H. Murata, A. Morimoto, T. Kobayashi, and S. Yamamoto, "Optical pulse generation by electrooptic-modulation method and its application to integrated ultrashort pulse generators," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1325-1331 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Naito, T.

T. Chikama, S. Watanabe, T. Naito, H. Onaka, T. Kiyonaga, Y. Onoda, H. Miyata, M. Suyama, M. Seino, and H. Kuwahara, "Modulation and demodulation techniques in optical heterodyne PSK transmission systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 309-325 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Nakasyotani, T.

T. Kuri, T. Nakasyotani, H. Toda and K. Kitayama, "Characterization of supercontinuum light source for WDM millimeter-wave-band radio-over-fiber systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1274-1276 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nakazawa, M.

K. R. Tamura, H. Kubota and M. Nakazawa, "Fundamentals of stable continuum generation at high repetition rate," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 773-779 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. R. Tamura and M. Nakazawa, "Femtosecond soliton generation over a 32-nm wavelength range using a dispersion-flattened dispersion-decreasing fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 319-321 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Newbury, N. R.

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, "Fundamental noise limitations to supercontinuum generation in microstructure fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113904 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. R. Newbury, B. R. Washburn, K. L. Corwin, and R. S. Windeler, "Noise amplification during supercontinuum generation in microstructure fiber," Opt. Lett. 28, 944-946 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nosu, K.

H. Toba, K. Oda, and K. Nosu, "Design and performance of FSK-direct detection scheme for optical FDM systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1335-1343 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Oda, K.

H. Toba, K. Oda, and K. Nosu, "Design and performance of FSK-direct detection scheme for optical FDM systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1335-1343 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, K.

Onaka, H.

T. Chikama, S. Watanabe, T. Naito, H. Onaka, T. Kiyonaga, Y. Onoda, H. Miyata, M. Suyama, M. Seino, and H. Kuwahara, "Modulation and demodulation techniques in optical heterodyne PSK transmission systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 309-325 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Onoda, Y.

T. Chikama, S. Watanabe, T. Naito, H. Onaka, T. Kiyonaga, Y. Onoda, H. Miyata, M. Suyama, M. Seino, and H. Kuwahara, "Modulation and demodulation techniques in optical heterodyne PSK transmission systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 309-325 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ozharar, S.

S. Gee, S. Ozharar, F. Quinlan, J. J. Plant, P. W. Juodawlkis, and P. J. Delfyett, "Self-stabilization of an actively mode-locked semiconductor-based fiber-ring laser for ultralow jitter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 498-500 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Quinlan, S. Gee, S. Ozharar, and P. J. Delfyett, "Ultralow-jitter and -amplitude-noise semiconductor-based actively mode-locked laser," Opt. Lett. 31, 2870-2872 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pires, J. J. O.

J. J. O. Pires and J. R. F. da Rocha, "Performance analysis of DPSK direct detection optical systems in the presence of interferometric intensity noise," J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1722-1730 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Plant, J. J.

S. Gee, S. Ozharar, F. Quinlan, J. J. Plant, P. W. Juodawlkis, and P. J. Delfyett, "Self-stabilization of an actively mode-locked semiconductor-based fiber-ring laser for ultralow jitter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 498-500 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Quinlan, F.

S. Gee, S. Ozharar, F. Quinlan, J. J. Plant, P. W. Juodawlkis, and P. J. Delfyett, "Self-stabilization of an actively mode-locked semiconductor-based fiber-ring laser for ultralow jitter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 498-500 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Quinlan, S. Gee, S. Ozharar, and P. J. Delfyett, "Ultralow-jitter and -amplitude-noise semiconductor-based actively mode-locked laser," Opt. Lett. 31, 2870-2872 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Raddatz, L.

S. Weisser, S. Ferber, L. Raddatz, R. Ludwig, A. Benz, C. Boerner, and H. G. Weber, "Single- and alternating polarization 170 Gb/s transmission up to 4000 km using dispersion-managed fiber and all-Raman amplification," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1320-1322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sakamoto, T.

Schmidt-Langhorst, C.

H. G. Weber, R. Ludwig, S. Ferber, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, M. Kroh, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, and C. Schubert, "Ultrahigh-speed OTDM-transmission technology," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4616-4627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, "Single channel 1.28 T/s and 2.56 Tb/s DQPSK transmission," Electron. Lett. 42, 178-179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schubert, C.

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, "Single channel 1.28 T/s and 2.56 Tb/s DQPSK transmission," Electron. Lett. 42, 178-179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Weber, R. Ludwig, S. Ferber, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, M. Kroh, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, and C. Schubert, "Ultrahigh-speed OTDM-transmission technology," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4616-4627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Scott, R. P.

Seino, M.

T. Chikama, S. Watanabe, T. Naito, H. Onaka, T. Kiyonaga, Y. Onoda, H. Miyata, M. Suyama, M. Seino, and H. Kuwahara, "Modulation and demodulation techniques in optical heterodyne PSK transmission systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 309-325 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Shioda, T.

D. Miyamoto, K. Mandai, T. Kurokawa, S. Takeda, T. Shioda, and H. Tsuda, "Waveform-controllable optical pulse generator using an optical pulse synthesizer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 721-723 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sotobayashi, H.

Suyama, M.

T. Chikama, S. Watanabe, T. Naito, H. Onaka, T. Kiyonaga, Y. Onoda, H. Miyata, M. Suyama, M. Seino, and H. Kuwahara, "Modulation and demodulation techniques in optical heterodyne PSK transmission systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 309-325 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Takeda, S.

D. Miyamoto, K. Mandai, T. Kurokawa, S. Takeda, T. Shioda, and H. Tsuda, "Waveform-controllable optical pulse generator using an optical pulse synthesizer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 721-723 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, K. R.

K. R. Tamura, H. Kubota and M. Nakazawa, "Fundamentals of stable continuum generation at high repetition rate," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 773-779 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. R. Tamura and M. Nakazawa, "Femtosecond soliton generation over a 32-nm wavelength range using a dispersion-flattened dispersion-decreasing fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 319-321 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Toba, H.

H. Toba, K. Oda, and K. Nosu, "Design and performance of FSK-direct detection scheme for optical FDM systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1335-1343 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Toda, H.

T. Kuri, T. Nakasyotani, H. Toda and K. Kitayama, "Characterization of supercontinuum light source for WDM millimeter-wave-band radio-over-fiber systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1274-1276 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tsuda, H.

D. Miyamoto, K. Mandai, T. Kurokawa, S. Takeda, T. Shioda, and H. Tsuda, "Waveform-controllable optical pulse generator using an optical pulse synthesizer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 721-723 (2006).
[CrossRef]

van Howe, J.

von der Linde, D.

D. von der Linde, "Characterization of the noise in continuously operating mode-locked lasers," Appl. Phys. B 39, 201-217 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Washburn, B. R.

Watanabe, S.

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, "Single channel 1.28 T/s and 2.56 Tb/s DQPSK transmission," Electron. Lett. 42, 178-179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Chikama, S. Watanabe, T. Naito, H. Onaka, T. Kiyonaga, Y. Onoda, H. Miyata, M. Suyama, M. Seino, and H. Kuwahara, "Modulation and demodulation techniques in optical heterodyne PSK transmission systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 309-325 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Weber, H. G.

H. G. Weber, R. Ludwig, S. Ferber, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, M. Kroh, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, and C. Schubert, "Ultrahigh-speed OTDM-transmission technology," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4616-4627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, "Single channel 1.28 T/s and 2.56 Tb/s DQPSK transmission," Electron. Lett. 42, 178-179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Weisser, S. Ferber, L. Raddatz, R. Ludwig, A. Benz, C. Boerner, and H. G. Weber, "Single- and alternating polarization 170 Gb/s transmission up to 4000 km using dispersion-managed fiber and all-Raman amplification," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1320-1322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Weber, K.

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, "Fundamental noise limitations to supercontinuum generation in microstructure fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113904 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weiner, A. M.

Z. Jiang, C.-B. Huang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, "Optical arbitrary waveform processing of more than 100 spectral comb lines," Nat. Photonics 1, 463-467 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C.-B. Huang, Z. Jiang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, "High-rate femtosecond pulse generation via line-by-line processing of a phase-modulated CW laser frequency comb," Electron. Lett. 42, 1114-1115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Weisser, S.

S. Weisser, S. Ferber, L. Raddatz, R. Ludwig, A. Benz, C. Boerner, and H. G. Weber, "Single- and alternating polarization 170 Gb/s transmission up to 4000 km using dispersion-managed fiber and all-Raman amplification," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1320-1322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Windeler, R. S.

N. R. Newbury, B. R. Washburn, K. L. Corwin, and R. S. Windeler, "Noise amplification during supercontinuum generation in microstructure fiber," Opt. Lett. 28, 944-946 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, "Fundamental noise limitations to supercontinuum generation in microstructure fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113904 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Winzer, P. J.

Xu, C.

Yamamoto, S.

H. Murata, A. Morimoto, T. Kobayashi, and S. Yamamoto, "Optical pulse generation by electrooptic-modulation method and its application to integrated ultrashort pulse generators," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1325-1331 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yoo, S. J. B.

Appl. Phys. B

D. von der Linde, "Characterization of the noise in continuously operating mode-locked lasers," Appl. Phys. B 39, 201-217 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

C.-B. Huang, Z. Jiang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, "High-rate femtosecond pulse generation via line-by-line processing of a phase-modulated CW laser frequency comb," Electron. Lett. 42, 1114-1115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, "Single channel 1.28 T/s and 2.56 Tb/s DQPSK transmission," Electron. Lett. 42, 178-179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

K. R. Tamura, H. Kubota and M. Nakazawa, "Fundamentals of stable continuum generation at high repetition rate," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 773-779 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

H. Murata, A. Morimoto, T. Kobayashi, and S. Yamamoto, "Optical pulse generation by electrooptic-modulation method and its application to integrated ultrashort pulse generators," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1325-1331 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

S. Gee, S. Ozharar, F. Quinlan, J. J. Plant, P. W. Juodawlkis, and P. J. Delfyett, "Self-stabilization of an actively mode-locked semiconductor-based fiber-ring laser for ultralow jitter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 498-500 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. R. Tamura and M. Nakazawa, "Femtosecond soliton generation over a 32-nm wavelength range using a dispersion-flattened dispersion-decreasing fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 319-321 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Futami and K. Kikuchi, "Low-noise multiwavelength transmitter using spectrum-sliced supercontinuum generated from a normal group-velocity dispersion fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 73-75 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Weisser, S. Ferber, L. Raddatz, R. Ludwig, A. Benz, C. Boerner, and H. G. Weber, "Single- and alternating polarization 170 Gb/s transmission up to 4000 km using dispersion-managed fiber and all-Raman amplification," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1320-1322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Kuri, T. Nakasyotani, H. Toda and K. Kitayama, "Characterization of supercontinuum light source for WDM millimeter-wave-band radio-over-fiber systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1274-1276 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Miyamoto, K. Mandai, T. Kurokawa, S. Takeda, T. Shioda, and H. Tsuda, "Waveform-controllable optical pulse generator using an optical pulse synthesizer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 721-723 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. J. O. Pires and J. R. F. da Rocha, "Performance analysis of DPSK direct detection optical systems in the presence of interferometric intensity noise," J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1722-1730 (1992).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Weber, R. Ludwig, S. Ferber, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, M. Kroh, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, and C. Schubert, "Ultrahigh-speed OTDM-transmission technology," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4616-4627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. H. Gnauck and P. J. Winzer, "Optical phase-shift-keyed transmission," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 115-130 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Linke and A. H. Gnauck, "High-capacity coherent lightwave systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1750-1769 (1988).
[CrossRef]

H. Toba, K. Oda, and K. Nosu, "Design and performance of FSK-direct detection scheme for optical FDM systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1335-1343 (1991).
[CrossRef]

T. Chikama, S. Watanabe, T. Naito, H. Onaka, T. Kiyonaga, Y. Onoda, H. Miyata, M. Suyama, M. Seino, and H. Kuwahara, "Modulation and demodulation techniques in optical heterodyne PSK transmission systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 309-325 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Nat. Photonics

Z. Jiang, C.-B. Huang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, "Optical arbitrary waveform processing of more than 100 spectral comb lines," Nat. Photonics 1, 463-467 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, "Fundamental noise limitations to supercontinuum generation in microstructure fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113904 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

D. M. Baney and W. V. Sorin, "High resolution optical frequency analysis," in Fiber Optic Test and Measurement, D. Derickson, ed., (Prentice Hall, 1998), pp.169-219.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of experimental setup. NM: nonlinear media; E/D: encoder/decoder. (b) PMCW pulse generation using a line-by-line shaper. PM: phase modulator; IM: intensity modulator; frep: comb spacing. (c) PMCW comb power spectrum. (d) Experimental (solid) and calculated (dash) intensity autocorrelation of the PMCW pulses.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a). Nonlinearly broadened comb spectra. Inset: magnified 1538 nm DDF and HNLF comb portions. (b). Intensity autocorrelations of the DDF and HNLF pulses.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

DPSK decoded BER results of (a) PMCW and DDF combs; (b) HNLF comb. In (a, b), data are denoted by symbols and lines the fitted BER curve. Intensity noise measurements of different comb portions for: (c) PMCW and DDF comb and (d) HNLF comb PMCW (inset). (e) Magnified view of the HNLF comb BER results.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Corresponding rms timing jitter values for different comb portions integrated from 100 Hz to 1 MHz for different comb portions.

Metrics