Abstract

The emission intensity of Ni2+ at 1200 nm in transparent ZnO-Al2O3-SiO2 glass ceramics containing ZnAl2O4 nanocrystals is improved approximately 8 times by Cr3+ codoping with 532 nm excitation. This enhanced emission could be attributed to an efficient energy transfer from Cr3+ to Ni2+, which is confirmed by time-resolved emission spectra. The energy transfer efficiency is estimated to be 57% and the energy transfer mechanism is also discussed.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. V. A. Smirnov and L. A. Shcherbakov, "Rare-earth scandium chromium garnets as active media for solid-state lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 949-959 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. F. Moulton, J. G. Manni, and G. A. Rines, "Spectroscopic and laser characteristics of Er,Cr:YSGG," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 960-973 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. Chen, C. Shi, W. Yan, Z. Qi, and Y. Fu, "Energy transfer between Pr3+ and Mn2+ in SrB4O7:Pr, Mn," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061906 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. A. Mares, W. Nie, and G. Boulon, "Energy transfer processes between various Cr3+ and Nd3+ multisites in YAG:Nd, Cr," J. Lumin. 48&49, 227-231 (1991).
  5. R. Balda, J. Fernández, A. de Pablos, and J. M. Fernández-Navarro, "Cr3+ ? Nd3+ energy transfer in fluorophosphate glass investigate by time-resolved spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. B 48, 2941-2947 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. Hong, X. X. Zhang, C. W. Struck, and B. Di Bartolo, "Luminescence of Cr3+ and energy transfer between Cr3+ and Nd3+ ions in yttrium aluminum garnet," J. Appl. Phys. 78, 4659-4667 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Z. Nie, J. Zhang, X. Zhang, and X. Ren, "Evidence for visible quantum cutting via energy transfer in SrAl12O19:Pr,Cr," Opt. Lett. 32, 991-993 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. B. N. Samson, L. R. Pinckney, J. Wang, G. H. Beall, and N. F. Borrelli, "Nickel-doped nanocrystalline glass-ceramics fiber," Opt. Lett. 27, 1309-1311 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. Suzuki, G. S. Murugan, and Y. Ohishi, "Optical properties of transparent Li2O-Ga2O3-SiO2 glass-ceramics embedding Ni-doped nanocrystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 131903 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T. Suzuki, K. Horibuchi and Y. Ohishi, "Structural and optical properties of ZnO-Al2O3-SiO2 system glass-ceramics containing Ni2+-doped nanocrystals", J. Non-Crystal.Solids 351, 2304-2309 (2005).
  11. B. Wu, S. Zhou, J. Ren, D. Chen, X. Jiang, C. Zhu, J. Qiu, "Broadband infrared luminescence from transparent glass-ceramics containing Ni2+-doped ?-Ga2O3 nanocrystals," Appl. Phys. B 87, 697-699 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  12. I. Yamaguchi, K. Tanaka, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, "Preparation and optical properties of transparent glass-ceramics containing LiGa5O8: Cr3+," J. Mater. Sci. 31, 3541-3547 (1996).
  13. M. Yu. Sharonov, A. B. Bykov, S. Owen, V. Pertricevic, R. R. Alfano, G. H. Beall, and N. Borrelli, "Spectroscopic study of transparent forsterite nanocrystalline glass-ceramics doped with chromium," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 2046-2052 (2004).
  14. T. Ishihara, K. Tanaka, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, "Microstructure and optical absorption spectra of transparent glass-ceramics containing ZnAl2O4: Cr3+," Jpn. J. Soc. Mater. Sci. 42, 484-489 (1993).
  15. S. García-Revilla, P. G.erner, H. U. Güdel, and R. Valiente, "Yb3+-sensitized visible Ni2+ photon upconversion in codoped CsCdBr3 and CsMgBr3," Phys. Rev. B 72, 125111 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  16. D. L. Dexter, "A theory of sensitized luminescence in solids," J. Chem. Phys. 21, 836-850 (1953).
    [CrossRef]

2007

B. Wu, S. Zhou, J. Ren, D. Chen, X. Jiang, C. Zhu, J. Qiu, "Broadband infrared luminescence from transparent glass-ceramics containing Ni2+-doped ?-Ga2O3 nanocrystals," Appl. Phys. B 87, 697-699 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Nie, J. Zhang, X. Zhang, and X. Ren, "Evidence for visible quantum cutting via energy transfer in SrAl12O19:Pr,Cr," Opt. Lett. 32, 991-993 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

Y. Chen, C. Shi, W. Yan, Z. Qi, and Y. Fu, "Energy transfer between Pr3+ and Mn2+ in SrB4O7:Pr, Mn," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061906 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

T. Suzuki, G. S. Murugan, and Y. Ohishi, "Optical properties of transparent Li2O-Ga2O3-SiO2 glass-ceramics embedding Ni-doped nanocrystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 131903 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Suzuki, K. Horibuchi and Y. Ohishi, "Structural and optical properties of ZnO-Al2O3-SiO2 system glass-ceramics containing Ni2+-doped nanocrystals", J. Non-Crystal.Solids 351, 2304-2309 (2005).

S. García-Revilla, P. G.erner, H. U. Güdel, and R. Valiente, "Yb3+-sensitized visible Ni2+ photon upconversion in codoped CsCdBr3 and CsMgBr3," Phys. Rev. B 72, 125111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

2002

1996

I. Yamaguchi, K. Tanaka, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, "Preparation and optical properties of transparent glass-ceramics containing LiGa5O8: Cr3+," J. Mater. Sci. 31, 3541-3547 (1996).

1995

P. Hong, X. X. Zhang, C. W. Struck, and B. Di Bartolo, "Luminescence of Cr3+ and energy transfer between Cr3+ and Nd3+ ions in yttrium aluminum garnet," J. Appl. Phys. 78, 4659-4667 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993

T. Ishihara, K. Tanaka, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, "Microstructure and optical absorption spectra of transparent glass-ceramics containing ZnAl2O4: Cr3+," Jpn. J. Soc. Mater. Sci. 42, 484-489 (1993).

R. Balda, J. Fernández, A. de Pablos, and J. M. Fernández-Navarro, "Cr3+ ? Nd3+ energy transfer in fluorophosphate glass investigate by time-resolved spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. B 48, 2941-2947 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1988

V. A. Smirnov and L. A. Shcherbakov, "Rare-earth scandium chromium garnets as active media for solid-state lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 949-959 (1988).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Moulton, J. G. Manni, and G. A. Rines, "Spectroscopic and laser characteristics of Er,Cr:YSGG," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 960-973 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1953

D. L. Dexter, "A theory of sensitized luminescence in solids," J. Chem. Phys. 21, 836-850 (1953).
[CrossRef]

Alfano, R. R.

Balda, R.

R. Balda, J. Fernández, A. de Pablos, and J. M. Fernández-Navarro, "Cr3+ ? Nd3+ energy transfer in fluorophosphate glass investigate by time-resolved spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. B 48, 2941-2947 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Beall, G. H.

Borrelli, N.

Borrelli, N. F.

Boulon, G.

J. A. Mares, W. Nie, and G. Boulon, "Energy transfer processes between various Cr3+ and Nd3+ multisites in YAG:Nd, Cr," J. Lumin. 48&49, 227-231 (1991).

Bykov, A. B.

Chen, D.

B. Wu, S. Zhou, J. Ren, D. Chen, X. Jiang, C. Zhu, J. Qiu, "Broadband infrared luminescence from transparent glass-ceramics containing Ni2+-doped ?-Ga2O3 nanocrystals," Appl. Phys. B 87, 697-699 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, C. Shi, W. Yan, Z. Qi, and Y. Fu, "Energy transfer between Pr3+ and Mn2+ in SrB4O7:Pr, Mn," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061906 (2006).
[CrossRef]

de Pablos, A.

R. Balda, J. Fernández, A. de Pablos, and J. M. Fernández-Navarro, "Cr3+ ? Nd3+ energy transfer in fluorophosphate glass investigate by time-resolved spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. B 48, 2941-2947 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Dexter, D. L.

D. L. Dexter, "A theory of sensitized luminescence in solids," J. Chem. Phys. 21, 836-850 (1953).
[CrossRef]

Di Bartolo, B.

P. Hong, X. X. Zhang, C. W. Struck, and B. Di Bartolo, "Luminescence of Cr3+ and energy transfer between Cr3+ and Nd3+ ions in yttrium aluminum garnet," J. Appl. Phys. 78, 4659-4667 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fernández, J.

R. Balda, J. Fernández, A. de Pablos, and J. M. Fernández-Navarro, "Cr3+ ? Nd3+ energy transfer in fluorophosphate glass investigate by time-resolved spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. B 48, 2941-2947 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Fernández-Navarro, J. M.

R. Balda, J. Fernández, A. de Pablos, and J. M. Fernández-Navarro, "Cr3+ ? Nd3+ energy transfer in fluorophosphate glass investigate by time-resolved spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. B 48, 2941-2947 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Fu, Y.

Y. Chen, C. Shi, W. Yan, Z. Qi, and Y. Fu, "Energy transfer between Pr3+ and Mn2+ in SrB4O7:Pr, Mn," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061906 (2006).
[CrossRef]

García-Revilla, S.

S. García-Revilla, P. G.erner, H. U. Güdel, and R. Valiente, "Yb3+-sensitized visible Ni2+ photon upconversion in codoped CsCdBr3 and CsMgBr3," Phys. Rev. B 72, 125111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hirao, K.

I. Yamaguchi, K. Tanaka, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, "Preparation and optical properties of transparent glass-ceramics containing LiGa5O8: Cr3+," J. Mater. Sci. 31, 3541-3547 (1996).

T. Ishihara, K. Tanaka, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, "Microstructure and optical absorption spectra of transparent glass-ceramics containing ZnAl2O4: Cr3+," Jpn. J. Soc. Mater. Sci. 42, 484-489 (1993).

Hong, P.

P. Hong, X. X. Zhang, C. W. Struck, and B. Di Bartolo, "Luminescence of Cr3+ and energy transfer between Cr3+ and Nd3+ ions in yttrium aluminum garnet," J. Appl. Phys. 78, 4659-4667 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Horibuchi, K.

T. Suzuki, K. Horibuchi and Y. Ohishi, "Structural and optical properties of ZnO-Al2O3-SiO2 system glass-ceramics containing Ni2+-doped nanocrystals", J. Non-Crystal.Solids 351, 2304-2309 (2005).

Ishihara, T.

T. Ishihara, K. Tanaka, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, "Microstructure and optical absorption spectra of transparent glass-ceramics containing ZnAl2O4: Cr3+," Jpn. J. Soc. Mater. Sci. 42, 484-489 (1993).

Jiang, X.

B. Wu, S. Zhou, J. Ren, D. Chen, X. Jiang, C. Zhu, J. Qiu, "Broadband infrared luminescence from transparent glass-ceramics containing Ni2+-doped ?-Ga2O3 nanocrystals," Appl. Phys. B 87, 697-699 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Manni, J. G.

P. F. Moulton, J. G. Manni, and G. A. Rines, "Spectroscopic and laser characteristics of Er,Cr:YSGG," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 960-973 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Mares, J. A.

J. A. Mares, W. Nie, and G. Boulon, "Energy transfer processes between various Cr3+ and Nd3+ multisites in YAG:Nd, Cr," J. Lumin. 48&49, 227-231 (1991).

Moulton, P. F.

P. F. Moulton, J. G. Manni, and G. A. Rines, "Spectroscopic and laser characteristics of Er,Cr:YSGG," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 960-973 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Murugan, G. S.

T. Suzuki, G. S. Murugan, and Y. Ohishi, "Optical properties of transparent Li2O-Ga2O3-SiO2 glass-ceramics embedding Ni-doped nanocrystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 131903 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nie, W.

J. A. Mares, W. Nie, and G. Boulon, "Energy transfer processes between various Cr3+ and Nd3+ multisites in YAG:Nd, Cr," J. Lumin. 48&49, 227-231 (1991).

Nie, Z.

Ohishi, Y.

T. Suzuki, G. S. Murugan, and Y. Ohishi, "Optical properties of transparent Li2O-Ga2O3-SiO2 glass-ceramics embedding Ni-doped nanocrystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 131903 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Suzuki, K. Horibuchi and Y. Ohishi, "Structural and optical properties of ZnO-Al2O3-SiO2 system glass-ceramics containing Ni2+-doped nanocrystals", J. Non-Crystal.Solids 351, 2304-2309 (2005).

Owen, S.

Pertricevic, V.

Pinckney, L. R.

Qi, Z.

Y. Chen, C. Shi, W. Yan, Z. Qi, and Y. Fu, "Energy transfer between Pr3+ and Mn2+ in SrB4O7:Pr, Mn," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061906 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

B. Wu, S. Zhou, J. Ren, D. Chen, X. Jiang, C. Zhu, J. Qiu, "Broadband infrared luminescence from transparent glass-ceramics containing Ni2+-doped ?-Ga2O3 nanocrystals," Appl. Phys. B 87, 697-699 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ren, J.

B. Wu, S. Zhou, J. Ren, D. Chen, X. Jiang, C. Zhu, J. Qiu, "Broadband infrared luminescence from transparent glass-ceramics containing Ni2+-doped ?-Ga2O3 nanocrystals," Appl. Phys. B 87, 697-699 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ren, X.

Rines, G. A.

P. F. Moulton, J. G. Manni, and G. A. Rines, "Spectroscopic and laser characteristics of Er,Cr:YSGG," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 960-973 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Samson, B. N.

Sharonov, M. Yu.

Shcherbakov, L. A.

V. A. Smirnov and L. A. Shcherbakov, "Rare-earth scandium chromium garnets as active media for solid-state lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 949-959 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Shi, C.

Y. Chen, C. Shi, W. Yan, Z. Qi, and Y. Fu, "Energy transfer between Pr3+ and Mn2+ in SrB4O7:Pr, Mn," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061906 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Smirnov, V. A.

V. A. Smirnov and L. A. Shcherbakov, "Rare-earth scandium chromium garnets as active media for solid-state lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 949-959 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Soga, N.

I. Yamaguchi, K. Tanaka, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, "Preparation and optical properties of transparent glass-ceramics containing LiGa5O8: Cr3+," J. Mater. Sci. 31, 3541-3547 (1996).

T. Ishihara, K. Tanaka, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, "Microstructure and optical absorption spectra of transparent glass-ceramics containing ZnAl2O4: Cr3+," Jpn. J. Soc. Mater. Sci. 42, 484-489 (1993).

Struck, C. W.

P. Hong, X. X. Zhang, C. W. Struck, and B. Di Bartolo, "Luminescence of Cr3+ and energy transfer between Cr3+ and Nd3+ ions in yttrium aluminum garnet," J. Appl. Phys. 78, 4659-4667 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, T.

T. Suzuki, G. S. Murugan, and Y. Ohishi, "Optical properties of transparent Li2O-Ga2O3-SiO2 glass-ceramics embedding Ni-doped nanocrystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 131903 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Suzuki, K. Horibuchi and Y. Ohishi, "Structural and optical properties of ZnO-Al2O3-SiO2 system glass-ceramics containing Ni2+-doped nanocrystals", J. Non-Crystal.Solids 351, 2304-2309 (2005).

Tanaka, K.

I. Yamaguchi, K. Tanaka, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, "Preparation and optical properties of transparent glass-ceramics containing LiGa5O8: Cr3+," J. Mater. Sci. 31, 3541-3547 (1996).

T. Ishihara, K. Tanaka, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, "Microstructure and optical absorption spectra of transparent glass-ceramics containing ZnAl2O4: Cr3+," Jpn. J. Soc. Mater. Sci. 42, 484-489 (1993).

Wang, J.

Wu, B.

B. Wu, S. Zhou, J. Ren, D. Chen, X. Jiang, C. Zhu, J. Qiu, "Broadband infrared luminescence from transparent glass-ceramics containing Ni2+-doped ?-Ga2O3 nanocrystals," Appl. Phys. B 87, 697-699 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yamaguchi, I.

I. Yamaguchi, K. Tanaka, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, "Preparation and optical properties of transparent glass-ceramics containing LiGa5O8: Cr3+," J. Mater. Sci. 31, 3541-3547 (1996).

Yan, W.

Y. Chen, C. Shi, W. Yan, Z. Qi, and Y. Fu, "Energy transfer between Pr3+ and Mn2+ in SrB4O7:Pr, Mn," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061906 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

Zhang, X.

Zhang, X. X.

P. Hong, X. X. Zhang, C. W. Struck, and B. Di Bartolo, "Luminescence of Cr3+ and energy transfer between Cr3+ and Nd3+ ions in yttrium aluminum garnet," J. Appl. Phys. 78, 4659-4667 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, S.

B. Wu, S. Zhou, J. Ren, D. Chen, X. Jiang, C. Zhu, J. Qiu, "Broadband infrared luminescence from transparent glass-ceramics containing Ni2+-doped ?-Ga2O3 nanocrystals," Appl. Phys. B 87, 697-699 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, C.

B. Wu, S. Zhou, J. Ren, D. Chen, X. Jiang, C. Zhu, J. Qiu, "Broadband infrared luminescence from transparent glass-ceramics containing Ni2+-doped ?-Ga2O3 nanocrystals," Appl. Phys. B 87, 697-699 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

B. Wu, S. Zhou, J. Ren, D. Chen, X. Jiang, C. Zhu, J. Qiu, "Broadband infrared luminescence from transparent glass-ceramics containing Ni2+-doped ?-Ga2O3 nanocrystals," Appl. Phys. B 87, 697-699 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

Y. Chen, C. Shi, W. Yan, Z. Qi, and Y. Fu, "Energy transfer between Pr3+ and Mn2+ in SrB4O7:Pr, Mn," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061906 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Suzuki, G. S. Murugan, and Y. Ohishi, "Optical properties of transparent Li2O-Ga2O3-SiO2 glass-ceramics embedding Ni-doped nanocrystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 131903 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

V. A. Smirnov and L. A. Shcherbakov, "Rare-earth scandium chromium garnets as active media for solid-state lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 949-959 (1988).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Moulton, J. G. Manni, and G. A. Rines, "Spectroscopic and laser characteristics of Er,Cr:YSGG," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 960-973 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

P. Hong, X. X. Zhang, C. W. Struck, and B. Di Bartolo, "Luminescence of Cr3+ and energy transfer between Cr3+ and Nd3+ ions in yttrium aluminum garnet," J. Appl. Phys. 78, 4659-4667 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys.

D. L. Dexter, "A theory of sensitized luminescence in solids," J. Chem. Phys. 21, 836-850 (1953).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Sci.

I. Yamaguchi, K. Tanaka, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, "Preparation and optical properties of transparent glass-ceramics containing LiGa5O8: Cr3+," J. Mater. Sci. 31, 3541-3547 (1996).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Jpn. J. Soc. Mater. Sci.

T. Ishihara, K. Tanaka, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, "Microstructure and optical absorption spectra of transparent glass-ceramics containing ZnAl2O4: Cr3+," Jpn. J. Soc. Mater. Sci. 42, 484-489 (1993).

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

S. García-Revilla, P. G.erner, H. U. Güdel, and R. Valiente, "Yb3+-sensitized visible Ni2+ photon upconversion in codoped CsCdBr3 and CsMgBr3," Phys. Rev. B 72, 125111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Balda, J. Fernández, A. de Pablos, and J. M. Fernández-Navarro, "Cr3+ ? Nd3+ energy transfer in fluorophosphate glass investigate by time-resolved spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. B 48, 2941-2947 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Solids

T. Suzuki, K. Horibuchi and Y. Ohishi, "Structural and optical properties of ZnO-Al2O3-SiO2 system glass-ceramics containing Ni2+-doped nanocrystals", J. Non-Crystal.Solids 351, 2304-2309 (2005).

Other

J. A. Mares, W. Nie, and G. Boulon, "Energy transfer processes between various Cr3+ and Nd3+ multisites in YAG:Nd, Cr," J. Lumin. 48&49, 227-231 (1991).

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