Abstract

We generate a flat, polarized and single mode supercontinuum (SC) spanning 450–1750 nm in a highly birefringent photonic crystal fibre (PCF) pumped by a 1064 nm microchip laser. More than 99% of the total power is kept in a single linear polarization. The measured power coupling penalty due to the elliptical core is less than 6% (0.25 dB). As one of its applications, we demonstrate tuneable visible/UV generation in the nonlinear crystal BIBO pumped by this polarized SC source. A tuneable range of 400–525 nm is obtained by critical phase matching in BIBO. We also show the results of visible/UV generation in BIBO pumped by the signal wavelength of polarized four-wave mixing (FWM) in PCF.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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2007 (1)

2006 (4)

2005 (3)

2004 (5)

2003 (2)

M. Lehtonen, G. Genty, H. Ludvigsen, and M. Kaivola, "Supercontinuum generation in a highly birefringent microstructured fibre," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2197-2199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Czeranowsky, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, "All-solid-state continuous-wave frequency-doubled Nd:YAG BiBO laser with 2.8-W output power at 473 nm," Opt. Lett. 28, 432 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

Z. Wang, B. Teng, K. Fu, X. Xu, R. Song, C. Du, H. Jiang, J. Wang, and Z. Shao, "Efficient second harmonic generation of pulsed laser radiation in BiB3O6 (BIBO) crystal with different phase matching directions," Opt. Commun. 202, 217 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Du, B. Teng, Z. Wang, J. Liu, X. Xu, G. Xu, K. Fu, J. Wang, Y. Liu, and Z. Shao, "Actively Q-switched intracavity second-harmonic generation of 1.06 ?m in BiB3O6 crystal," Opt. Laser Technol. 34, 343 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

C. Du, Z. Wang, J. Liu, X. Xu, B. Teng, K. Fu, J. Wang, Y. Liu, and Z. Shao, "Efficient intracavity second-harmonic generation at 1.06 µm in a BiB3O6 (BIBO) crystal," Appl. Phys. B 73, 215 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Suzuki, H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, M. Tanaka and M. Fujita, "Optical properties of a low-loss polarization-maintaining photonic crystal fibre," Opt. Express 9, 676-680 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (2)

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, J. Arriaga, B. J. Mangan, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, "Highly birefringent photonic crystal fibres," Opt. Lett. 25, 1325-1327 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, "Linear optical properties of the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 240-244 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, "Exceptional large nonlinear optical coefficients in the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6 (BIBO)," Solid State Commun. 109, 249-251 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

Alford, W. J.

Armstrong, D. J.

Arriaga, J.

Biancalana, F.

Birks, T. A.

Bohaty, L.

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, "Linear optical properties of the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 240-244 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, "Exceptional large nonlinear optical coefficients in the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6 (BIBO)," Solid State Commun. 109, 249-251 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Brown, T.

Buchhave, P.

Czeranowsky, C.

Du, C.

C. Du, S. Ruan, and Y. Yu, "High-power intracavity second-harmonic generation of 1.34 ?m in BiB3O6 crystal," Opt. Express 13, 8591-8595, (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Wang, B. Teng, K. Fu, X. Xu, R. Song, C. Du, H. Jiang, J. Wang, and Z. Shao, "Efficient second harmonic generation of pulsed laser radiation in BiB3O6 (BIBO) crystal with different phase matching directions," Opt. Commun. 202, 217 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Du, B. Teng, Z. Wang, J. Liu, X. Xu, G. Xu, K. Fu, J. Wang, Y. Liu, and Z. Shao, "Actively Q-switched intracavity second-harmonic generation of 1.06 ?m in BiB3O6 crystal," Opt. Laser Technol. 34, 343 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Du, Z. Wang, J. Liu, X. Xu, B. Teng, K. Fu, J. Wang, Y. Liu, and Z. Shao, "Efficient intracavity second-harmonic generation at 1.06 µm in a BiB3O6 (BIBO) crystal," Appl. Phys. B 73, 215 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ebrahim-Zadeh, M.

Esteban-Martin, A.

Fu, K.

C. Du, B. Teng, Z. Wang, J. Liu, X. Xu, G. Xu, K. Fu, J. Wang, Y. Liu, and Z. Shao, "Actively Q-switched intracavity second-harmonic generation of 1.06 ?m in BiB3O6 crystal," Opt. Laser Technol. 34, 343 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Z. Wang, B. Teng, K. Fu, X. Xu, R. Song, C. Du, H. Jiang, J. Wang, and Z. Shao, "Efficient second harmonic generation of pulsed laser radiation in BiB3O6 (BIBO) crystal with different phase matching directions," Opt. Commun. 202, 217 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Du, Z. Wang, J. Liu, X. Xu, B. Teng, K. Fu, J. Wang, Y. Liu, and Z. Shao, "Efficient intracavity second-harmonic generation at 1.06 µm in a BiB3O6 (BIBO) crystal," Appl. Phys. B 73, 215 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fujita, M.

Gehr, R. J.

Genty, G.

M. Lehtonen, G. Genty, H. Ludvigsen, and M. Kaivola, "Supercontinuum generation in a highly birefringent microstructured fibre," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2197-2199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

George, A. K.

Ghotbi, M.

Hellwig, H.

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, "Linear optical properties of the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 240-244 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, "Exceptional large nonlinear optical coefficients in the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6 (BIBO)," Solid State Commun. 109, 249-251 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Heumann, E.

Huber, G.

Jiang, H.

Z. Wang, B. Teng, K. Fu, X. Xu, R. Song, C. Du, H. Jiang, J. Wang, and Z. Shao, "Efficient second harmonic generation of pulsed laser radiation in BiB3O6 (BIBO) crystal with different phase matching directions," Opt. Commun. 202, 217 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Joly, N.

Kaivola, M.

M. Lehtonen, G. Genty, H. Ludvigsen, and M. Kaivola, "Supercontinuum generation in a highly birefringent microstructured fibre," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2197-2199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kawanishi, S.

Kimmel, M. W.

Kityk, I. V.

Knight, J. C.

Kubota, H.

Kudlinski, A.

Lehtonen, M.

M. Lehtonen, G. Genty, H. Ludvigsen, and M. Kaivola, "Supercontinuum generation in a highly birefringent microstructured fibre," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2197-2199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Leon-Saval, S. G.

Liebertz, J.

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, "Linear optical properties of the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 240-244 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, "Exceptional large nonlinear optical coefficients in the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6 (BIBO)," Solid State Commun. 109, 249-251 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

C. Du, B. Teng, Z. Wang, J. Liu, X. Xu, G. Xu, K. Fu, J. Wang, Y. Liu, and Z. Shao, "Actively Q-switched intracavity second-harmonic generation of 1.06 ?m in BiB3O6 crystal," Opt. Laser Technol. 34, 343 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Du, Z. Wang, J. Liu, X. Xu, B. Teng, K. Fu, J. Wang, Y. Liu, and Z. Shao, "Efficient intracavity second-harmonic generation at 1.06 µm in a BiB3O6 (BIBO) crystal," Appl. Phys. B 73, 215 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

C. Du, B. Teng, Z. Wang, J. Liu, X. Xu, G. Xu, K. Fu, J. Wang, Y. Liu, and Z. Shao, "Actively Q-switched intracavity second-harmonic generation of 1.06 ?m in BiB3O6 crystal," Opt. Laser Technol. 34, 343 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Du, Z. Wang, J. Liu, X. Xu, B. Teng, K. Fu, J. Wang, Y. Liu, and Z. Shao, "Efficient intracavity second-harmonic generation at 1.06 µm in a BiB3O6 (BIBO) crystal," Appl. Phys. B 73, 215 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ludvigsen, H.

M. Lehtonen, G. Genty, H. Ludvigsen, and M. Kaivola, "Supercontinuum generation in a highly birefringent microstructured fibre," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2197-2199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Majchrowski, A.

Mangan, B. J.

Michalski, E.

Mortensen, J. L.

Ortigosa-Blanch, A.

Popov, S. V.

Ruan, S.

Rulkov, A. B.

Russell, P. St. J.

Shao, Z.

Z. Wang, B. Teng, K. Fu, X. Xu, R. Song, C. Du, H. Jiang, J. Wang, and Z. Shao, "Efficient second harmonic generation of pulsed laser radiation in BiB3O6 (BIBO) crystal with different phase matching directions," Opt. Commun. 202, 217 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Du, B. Teng, Z. Wang, J. Liu, X. Xu, G. Xu, K. Fu, J. Wang, Y. Liu, and Z. Shao, "Actively Q-switched intracavity second-harmonic generation of 1.06 ?m in BiB3O6 crystal," Opt. Laser Technol. 34, 343 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Du, Z. Wang, J. Liu, X. Xu, B. Teng, K. Fu, J. Wang, Y. Liu, and Z. Shao, "Efficient intracavity second-harmonic generation at 1.06 µm in a BiB3O6 (BIBO) crystal," Appl. Phys. B 73, 215 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Smith, A. V.

Song, R.

Z. Wang, B. Teng, K. Fu, X. Xu, R. Song, C. Du, H. Jiang, J. Wang, and Z. Shao, "Efficient second harmonic generation of pulsed laser radiation in BiB3O6 (BIBO) crystal with different phase matching directions," Opt. Commun. 202, 217 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Z.

Suzuki, K.

Tanaka, M.

Taylor, J. R.

Teng, B.

Z. Wang, B. Teng, K. Fu, X. Xu, R. Song, C. Du, H. Jiang, J. Wang, and Z. Shao, "Efficient second harmonic generation of pulsed laser radiation in BiB3O6 (BIBO) crystal with different phase matching directions," Opt. Commun. 202, 217 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Du, B. Teng, Z. Wang, J. Liu, X. Xu, G. Xu, K. Fu, J. Wang, Y. Liu, and Z. Shao, "Actively Q-switched intracavity second-harmonic generation of 1.06 ?m in BiB3O6 crystal," Opt. Laser Technol. 34, 343 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Du, Z. Wang, J. Liu, X. Xu, B. Teng, K. Fu, J. Wang, Y. Liu, and Z. Shao, "Efficient intracavity second-harmonic generation at 1.06 µm in a BiB3O6 (BIBO) crystal," Appl. Phys. B 73, 215 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Thorhauge, M.

Tidemand-Lichtenberg, P.

Travers, J. C.

Wadsworth, W. J.

Wang, J.

Z. Wang, B. Teng, K. Fu, X. Xu, R. Song, C. Du, H. Jiang, J. Wang, and Z. Shao, "Efficient second harmonic generation of pulsed laser radiation in BiB3O6 (BIBO) crystal with different phase matching directions," Opt. Commun. 202, 217 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Du, B. Teng, Z. Wang, J. Liu, X. Xu, G. Xu, K. Fu, J. Wang, Y. Liu, and Z. Shao, "Actively Q-switched intracavity second-harmonic generation of 1.06 ?m in BiB3O6 crystal," Opt. Laser Technol. 34, 343 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Du, Z. Wang, J. Liu, X. Xu, B. Teng, K. Fu, J. Wang, Y. Liu, and Z. Shao, "Efficient intracavity second-harmonic generation at 1.06 µm in a BiB3O6 (BIBO) crystal," Appl. Phys. B 73, 215 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

Z. Wang, B. Teng, K. Fu, X. Xu, R. Song, C. Du, H. Jiang, J. Wang, and Z. Shao, "Efficient second harmonic generation of pulsed laser radiation in BiB3O6 (BIBO) crystal with different phase matching directions," Opt. Commun. 202, 217 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Du, B. Teng, Z. Wang, J. Liu, X. Xu, G. Xu, K. Fu, J. Wang, Y. Liu, and Z. Shao, "Actively Q-switched intracavity second-harmonic generation of 1.06 ?m in BiB3O6 crystal," Opt. Laser Technol. 34, 343 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Du, Z. Wang, J. Liu, X. Xu, B. Teng, K. Fu, J. Wang, Y. Liu, and Z. Shao, "Efficient intracavity second-harmonic generation at 1.06 µm in a BiB3O6 (BIBO) crystal," Appl. Phys. B 73, 215 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Witkowska, A.

Xiong, C.

Xu, G.

C. Du, B. Teng, Z. Wang, J. Liu, X. Xu, G. Xu, K. Fu, J. Wang, Y. Liu, and Z. Shao, "Actively Q-switched intracavity second-harmonic generation of 1.06 ?m in BiB3O6 crystal," Opt. Laser Technol. 34, 343 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Xu, X.

C. Du, B. Teng, Z. Wang, J. Liu, X. Xu, G. Xu, K. Fu, J. Wang, Y. Liu, and Z. Shao, "Actively Q-switched intracavity second-harmonic generation of 1.06 ?m in BiB3O6 crystal," Opt. Laser Technol. 34, 343 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Z. Wang, B. Teng, K. Fu, X. Xu, R. Song, C. Du, H. Jiang, J. Wang, and Z. Shao, "Efficient second harmonic generation of pulsed laser radiation in BiB3O6 (BIBO) crystal with different phase matching directions," Opt. Commun. 202, 217 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Du, Z. Wang, J. Liu, X. Xu, B. Teng, K. Fu, J. Wang, Y. Liu, and Z. Shao, "Efficient intracavity second-harmonic generation at 1.06 µm in a BiB3O6 (BIBO) crystal," Appl. Phys. B 73, 215 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Y.

Zhu, Z.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

C. Du, Z. Wang, J. Liu, X. Xu, B. Teng, K. Fu, J. Wang, Y. Liu, and Z. Shao, "Efficient intracavity second-harmonic generation at 1.06 µm in a BiB3O6 (BIBO) crystal," Appl. Phys. B 73, 215 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Lehtonen, G. Genty, H. Ludvigsen, and M. Kaivola, "Supercontinuum generation in a highly birefringent microstructured fibre," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2197-2199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, "Linear optical properties of the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 240-244 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Commun. (1)

Z. Wang, B. Teng, K. Fu, X. Xu, R. Song, C. Du, H. Jiang, J. Wang, and Z. Shao, "Efficient second harmonic generation of pulsed laser radiation in BiB3O6 (BIBO) crystal with different phase matching directions," Opt. Commun. 202, 217 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (9)

W. J. Wadsworth, N. Joly, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, F. Biancalana and P. St. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum and four-wave mixing with Q-switched pulses in endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fibres," Opt. Express 12, 299-309 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Suzuki, H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, M. Tanaka and M. Fujita, "Optical properties of a low-loss polarization-maintaining photonic crystal fibre," Opt. Express 9, 676-680 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ghotbi and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, "Optical second harmonic generation properties of BiB3O6," Opt. Express 12, 6002-6019, (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Du, S. Ruan, and Y. Yu, "High-power intracavity second-harmonic generation of 1.34 ?m in BiB3O6 crystal," Opt. Express 13, 8591-8595, (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Zhu and T. Brown, "Experimental studies of polarization properties of supercontinua generated in a birefringent photonic crystal fibre," Opt. Express 12, 791-796 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Sun, M. Ghotbi, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, "Widely tuneable picosecond optical parametric generation and amplification in BiB3O6," Opt. Express 15, 4139-4148, (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Thorhauge, J. L. Mortensen, P. Tidemand-Lichtenberg and P. Buchhave, "Tuneable intra-cavity SHG of CW Ti:Sapphire lasers around 785 nm and 810 nm in BiBO-crystals," Opt. Express 14, 2283-2288 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kudlinski, A. K. George, J. C. Knight, J. C. Travers, A. B. Rulkov, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor "Zero-dispersion wavelength decreasing photonic crystal fibres for ultraviolet-extended supercontinuum generation," Opt. Express 14, 5715-5722, (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Xiong, A. Witkowska, S. G. Leon-Saval, T. A. Birks and W. J. Wadsworth, "Enhanced visible continuum generation from a microchip 1064 nm laser," Opt. Express 14, 6188-6193, (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

C. Du, B. Teng, Z. Wang, J. Liu, X. Xu, G. Xu, K. Fu, J. Wang, Y. Liu, and Z. Shao, "Actively Q-switched intracavity second-harmonic generation of 1.06 ?m in BiB3O6 crystal," Opt. Laser Technol. 34, 343 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (7)

Solid State Commun. (1)

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, "Exceptional large nonlinear optical coefficients in the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6 (BIBO)," Solid State Commun. 109, 249-251 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

C. Xiong, S. G. Leon-Saval, F. Couny, and W. J. Wadsworth, "Residual pump peak removal for ultra-flattened supercontinuum generation by Photonic Crystal Fibres," CLEO/QELS and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies 2006 Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2006), paper CWO4. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=CLEO-2006-CWO4

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

SEM images of fibre A at different scales.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a). The spectrum with an average power of 30 mW from a 6 m length of fibre A when the input polarization was along the slow axis. (b) Effect of input polarization on supercontinuum generation. The step at 600 nm is an artefact of the spectrometer used. The resolution of the spectrometer was 5 nm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a). Setup for SFM and SHG experiment. P, polarizer; λ/2, half-wave plate; 715 nm LWP, long wave pass filter, cut-off wavelength 715 nm; 668 nm SWP, short wave pass filter, cut-off wavelength 668 nm (b) The output spectrum measured at point O in (a) from a 0.6 m length of fibre A, collected using a multimode collection fibre. The resolution of the spectrometer was 5 nm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a). Spectra at 425 nm and 475 nm generated in BIBO pumped by the continuum source from a 0.6 m length of fibre A. The resolution of the spectrometer was 1 nm. (b) SFM tuning phase matching curves in the yz plane of BIBO for different output wavelengths (marked beside each curve).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a). FWM spectrum from a 1.2 m length of fibre B with an average power of 38 mW. The resolution of the spectrometer was 5 nm. (b) SHG and SFM spectra in BIBO pumped by the FWM output from a 1.2 m length of fibre B. The resolution of the spectrometer was 1 nm.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Comparison of powers between the upconverted wavelengths from BIBO and the short wavelengths in the broad continuum source.

Metrics