Abstract

We demonstrate the highest intensity - 300 TW laser by developing booster amplifying stage to the 50-TW-Ti:sapphire laser (HERCULES). To our knowledge this is the first multi-100TW-scale laser at 0.1 Hz repetition rate.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. S.-W. Bahk, P. Rousseau, T. Planchon, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, A. Maksimchuk, G. Mourou, V. Yanovsky, "The generation and characterization of the highest laser intensity (1022W/cm2)," Opt. Lett. 29, 2837-2839 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. V. Chvykov, P. Rousseau, S. Reed, G. Kalinchenko, and V. Yanovsky, "Generation of 1011 contrast 50 TW laser pulses," Opt. Lett. 31, 1456-1458 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. A. Reed, T. Matsuoka, S. S. Bulanov, V. Chvykov, A. Brantov,V. Yu. Bychenkov, G.Kalinchenko, P. Rousseau, V. Yanovsky, D. W. Litzenberg, K. Krushelnick, and A. Maksimchuk," Proton Acceleration from Thin Foils Using Ultraintense, High-Contrast Pulses," CLEO2007, Paper JThG1.
  4. A. Zhidkov, J. Koga, A. Sasaki, and M. Uesaka, "Radiation damping effects on the interaction of ultra intense laser pulses with an over dense plasma," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 185002 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. . http://www.eli-laser.eu/; Gerstner, "Extreme Light," Nature 446, 16-18 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. D. Perry, D. Pennington, B. C. Stuart, G. Tiethbohl, J. A. Britten, C. Brown, S. Hermann, B. Golick, M. Kartz, J. Miller, H. T. Powell, M. Vergino, and V. Yanovsky," Petawatt Laser Pulses," Opt. Lett. 24, 160-162 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Aoyama, K. Yamakawa, Y. Akahane, J. Ma, N. Inoue, H. Ueda, and H. Kiriyama, "0.85-PW, 33-fs Ti:sapphire laser," Opt. Lett. 28, 1594-1596 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. F. Plé, M. Pittman, G. Jamelot, and J.-P. Chambaret," Design and demonstration of a high-energy booster amplifier for a high-repetition rate petawatt class laser system," Opt. Lett. 32, 238-240 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. A. Jullien, O. Albert, F. Burgy, G. Hamoniaux, J. P. Rousseau, J.-P. Chambaret, F. Augé-Rochereau, G. Chériaux, J. Etchepare, N. Minkovski, and S. M. Saltiel, "10-10 temporal contrast for femtosecond ultraintense lasers by cross-polarized wave generation," Opt. Lett. 30, 920-922 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. P. S. Bank, M. D. Perry, V. Yanovsky, S. N. Fochs, B. C. Stuart, and J. Zweiback "Novel all-reflective stretcher for chirped-pulse amplification of ultrashort pulses" IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 36, 268-274 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  11. V. Yanovsky, C. Felix, and G. Mourou, "High-energy broadband regenerative amplifier for chirped-pulse amplification," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron,"  7, 539-541 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  12. V. Yanovsky, V. Chvykov, S.-W. Bahk, G. Kalintchenko, K. TaPhuoc, Y-C. Chang and G. Mourou, "Development of Petawatt scale Ti:sapphire laser at 0.05 Hz repetition rate," CLEO’2003, paper CME6
  13. F. G. Patterson, J. Bonlie, D. Price, and B. White, "Suppression of parasitic lasing in large-aperture Ti:sapphire laser amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 24, 963-965 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Z. Sacks, G. Mourou, R. Danielius, "Adjusting pulse-front tilt and pulse duration by use of a single-shot autocorrelator," Opt. Lett. 26, 462-464 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S.-W. Bahk, P. Rousseau, T. A. Planchon, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, A. Maksimchuk, G. A. Mourou, and V. Yanovsky," Characterization of focal field formed by a large numerical aperture paraboloidal mirror and generation of ultra-high intensity (1022 W/cm2)," Appl. Phys. B 80, 823-832 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2007

2006

2005

A. Jullien, O. Albert, F. Burgy, G. Hamoniaux, J. P. Rousseau, J.-P. Chambaret, F. Augé-Rochereau, G. Chériaux, J. Etchepare, N. Minkovski, and S. M. Saltiel, "10-10 temporal contrast for femtosecond ultraintense lasers by cross-polarized wave generation," Opt. Lett. 30, 920-922 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S.-W. Bahk, P. Rousseau, T. A. Planchon, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, A. Maksimchuk, G. A. Mourou, and V. Yanovsky," Characterization of focal field formed by a large numerical aperture paraboloidal mirror and generation of ultra-high intensity (1022 W/cm2)," Appl. Phys. B 80, 823-832 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

2003

2002

A. Zhidkov, J. Koga, A. Sasaki, and M. Uesaka, "Radiation damping effects on the interaction of ultra intense laser pulses with an over dense plasma," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 185002 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001

V. Yanovsky, C. Felix, and G. Mourou, "High-energy broadband regenerative amplifier for chirped-pulse amplification," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron,"  7, 539-541 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

P. S. Bank, M. D. Perry, V. Yanovsky, S. N. Fochs, B. C. Stuart, and J. Zweiback "Novel all-reflective stretcher for chirped-pulse amplification of ultrashort pulses" IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 36, 268-274 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

Appl. Phys. B

S.-W. Bahk, P. Rousseau, T. A. Planchon, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, A. Maksimchuk, G. A. Mourou, and V. Yanovsky," Characterization of focal field formed by a large numerical aperture paraboloidal mirror and generation of ultra-high intensity (1022 W/cm2)," Appl. Phys. B 80, 823-832 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum. Electron.

P. S. Bank, M. D. Perry, V. Yanovsky, S. N. Fochs, B. C. Stuart, and J. Zweiback "Novel all-reflective stretcher for chirped-pulse amplification of ultrashort pulses" IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 36, 268-274 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron

V. Yanovsky, C. Felix, and G. Mourou, "High-energy broadband regenerative amplifier for chirped-pulse amplification," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron,"  7, 539-541 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nature

. http://www.eli-laser.eu/; Gerstner, "Extreme Light," Nature 446, 16-18 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

M. D. Perry, D. Pennington, B. C. Stuart, G. Tiethbohl, J. A. Britten, C. Brown, S. Hermann, B. Golick, M. Kartz, J. Miller, H. T. Powell, M. Vergino, and V. Yanovsky," Petawatt Laser Pulses," Opt. Lett. 24, 160-162 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Aoyama, K. Yamakawa, Y. Akahane, J. Ma, N. Inoue, H. Ueda, and H. Kiriyama, "0.85-PW, 33-fs Ti:sapphire laser," Opt. Lett. 28, 1594-1596 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Plé, M. Pittman, G. Jamelot, and J.-P. Chambaret," Design and demonstration of a high-energy booster amplifier for a high-repetition rate petawatt class laser system," Opt. Lett. 32, 238-240 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Jullien, O. Albert, F. Burgy, G. Hamoniaux, J. P. Rousseau, J.-P. Chambaret, F. Augé-Rochereau, G. Chériaux, J. Etchepare, N. Minkovski, and S. M. Saltiel, "10-10 temporal contrast for femtosecond ultraintense lasers by cross-polarized wave generation," Opt. Lett. 30, 920-922 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S.-W. Bahk, P. Rousseau, T. Planchon, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, A. Maksimchuk, G. Mourou, V. Yanovsky, "The generation and characterization of the highest laser intensity (1022W/cm2)," Opt. Lett. 29, 2837-2839 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. Chvykov, P. Rousseau, S. Reed, G. Kalinchenko, and V. Yanovsky, "Generation of 1011 contrast 50 TW laser pulses," Opt. Lett. 31, 1456-1458 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. G. Patterson, J. Bonlie, D. Price, and B. White, "Suppression of parasitic lasing in large-aperture Ti:sapphire laser amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 24, 963-965 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sacks, G. Mourou, R. Danielius, "Adjusting pulse-front tilt and pulse duration by use of a single-shot autocorrelator," Opt. Lett. 26, 462-464 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

A. Zhidkov, J. Koga, A. Sasaki, and M. Uesaka, "Radiation damping effects on the interaction of ultra intense laser pulses with an over dense plasma," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 185002 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

S. A. Reed, T. Matsuoka, S. S. Bulanov, V. Chvykov, A. Brantov,V. Yu. Bychenkov, G.Kalinchenko, P. Rousseau, V. Yanovsky, D. W. Litzenberg, K. Krushelnick, and A. Maksimchuk," Proton Acceleration from Thin Foils Using Ultraintense, High-Contrast Pulses," CLEO2007, Paper JThG1.

V. Yanovsky, V. Chvykov, S.-W. Bahk, G. Kalintchenko, K. TaPhuoc, Y-C. Chang and G. Mourou, "Development of Petawatt scale Ti:sapphire laser at 0.05 Hz repetition rate," CLEO’2003, paper CME6

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Measurements at the output of the booster amplifier. (a). Output beam profile of the HERCULES laser; (b). Output energy of the booster amplifier in dependence on the pump energy, crosses- experimental data, solid line-Frantz-Nodvic calculations for 1.7 J input energy, dashed line- for 3J input energy; (c). Output energy measured at 0.1 Hz for two shot series separated by 6 hours of continuous operation (shots represented by filled circles occurred 6 hours later then open circles shots).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Compressed-pulse measurements. (a). Autocorrelation of 300 TW pulse, the experimental autocorrelation picture (insert) demonstrates that there is no amplitude front tilt or other spatial variations of the pulse arrival time; (b). Output spectrum: red curve - experimental data, blue curve - Gaussian fit (FWHM=37nm); (c). Intensity profile reconstructed by the SPIDER (red curve), Gaussian-fit-curve of 30.4fs - FWHM (blue-points); d) Spectral phase reconstructed by the SPIDER.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Focal spot characterization: (a). Intensity distribution in the focal spot of parabolic mirror calculated for corrected wafefront shown in (d); (b). Focal spot measured with a camera for a reference low-energy beam focused by f/1 parabolic mirror, corresponding to wavefront shown in (d), FWHM of the profiles corrected for the resolution of the imaging optics is 1.3 µ; c) Differential wafefront between full energy beam and a reference low energy beam, phase aberrations r.m.s.=0.056λ, P.V.=0.26λ; (d). Low-energy-beam wavefront corrected by deformable mirror, phase aberrations r.m.s.=0.034λ, P.V.=0.24λ.

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