Abstract

We propose and experimentally demonstrate a switchable multiwavelength erbium doped fiber laser based on a highly nonlinear dispersion shifted fiber and multiple fiber Bragg gratings. A nonlinear optical loop mirror based on a highly nonlinear dispersion shifted fiber is implemented in the ring laser cavity to stabilize the multiwavelength output at room temperature. Multiple fiber Bragg gratings with the wavelength spacing of 0.8 nm are connected with an arrayed waveguide grating to establish a multichannel filter. The high quality of the multiwavelength output with a high extinction ratio of ~60 dB and high output flatness of ~0.5 dB is realized. The nonlinear polarization rotation based on the nonlinear optical loop mirror can provide the switching performance of the proposed multiwavelength fiber laser. The lasing wavelength can be switched individually by controlling the polarization controller and the cavity loss.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. N. park and P. F. Wysocki, "24-line multiwavelength operation of Erbium doped fiber ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1459 - 1461 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Zhang, H. Liu, M. S. Demokan, and H.Y. Tam, "Stable and broad bandwidth multiwavelength fiber ring laser incorporating a highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 178, 2535-2537 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. G. Han, T. V. A. Tran, S. B. Lee "Wavelength-spacing tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on four-wave mixing of dispersion-shifted fiber," Opt. Lett. 31, 697 - 699 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. P. Fok and C. Shu, "Tunable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser stabilized by four-wave mixing in a 35cm highly nonlinear bismuth-oxide fiber," Opt. Express 15, 5925 - 5930 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S. Qin, D. Chen, Y. Tang, and S. He, "Stable and uniform multi-wavelength fiber laser based on hybrid Raman and Erbium-doped fiber gains," Opt. Express 14, 10522 - 10527 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. X. Feng, H. Y. Tam, H. Liu and P. K. A. Wai, "Multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser employing a nonlinear optical loop mirror," Opt. Commun. 268, 278 - 281 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Hu, L. Zhan, Y. J. Song, W. Li, S. Y. Luo and Y.X. Xia, "Switchable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a multisection high-birefringence fiber loop mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1387 - 1389 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. X. Feng, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, G. Kai, W. Zhang and X. Song, "Switchable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with cascaded fiber grating cavities," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 612 - 614 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. L. Zhao, X. Yang, L. Chao, J. H. Ng, X. Guo, R. C. Partha and X. Dong, "Switchable multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber lasers by using cascaded fiber Bragg gratings written in high birefringence fiber," Opt. Commun. 230, 313 - 317 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. H. Zhao, K. T. Chan, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, "Wavelength switched optical pulse generation in a fiber ring laser with a Febry-perot semiconductor modulator and sampled fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 191 - 193 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. X. Feng, H. Y. Tam, P. K. A Wai, "Switchable Multiwavelength Erbium-doped fiber laser with a multimode Fiber Bragg grating and photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1088 - 1090 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. X. M. Liu, X. Q. Zhou, X. F. Tang, J. H. Ng, J. Z Hao, T. Y. Chai, E. W. Leong and C. Lu, "Switchable and tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with fiber Bragg gratings and Photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1626 - 1628 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. K. Smith, N. J. Doran and P. G. J. Wigley, "Pulse shaping, compression, and pedestal suppression employing a nonlinear-optical loop mirror," Opt. Lett. 15, 1294 - 1296 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

2006 (4)

Y. G. Han, T. V. A. Tran, S. B. Lee "Wavelength-spacing tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on four-wave mixing of dispersion-shifted fiber," Opt. Lett. 31, 697 - 699 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Qin, D. Chen, Y. Tang, and S. He, "Stable and uniform multi-wavelength fiber laser based on hybrid Raman and Erbium-doped fiber gains," Opt. Express 14, 10522 - 10527 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Feng, H. Y. Tam, H. Liu and P. K. A. Wai, "Multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser employing a nonlinear optical loop mirror," Opt. Commun. 268, 278 - 281 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Feng, H. Y. Tam, P. K. A Wai, "Switchable Multiwavelength Erbium-doped fiber laser with a multimode Fiber Bragg grating and photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1088 - 1090 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

X. M. Liu, X. Q. Zhou, X. F. Tang, J. H. Ng, J. Z Hao, T. Y. Chai, E. W. Leong and C. Lu, "Switchable and tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with fiber Bragg gratings and Photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1626 - 1628 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Zhang, H. Liu, M. S. Demokan, and H.Y. Tam, "Stable and broad bandwidth multiwavelength fiber ring laser incorporating a highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 178, 2535-2537 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Hu, L. Zhan, Y. J. Song, W. Li, S. Y. Luo and Y.X. Xia, "Switchable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a multisection high-birefringence fiber loop mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1387 - 1389 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

C. L. Zhao, X. Yang, L. Chao, J. H. Ng, X. Guo, R. C. Partha and X. Dong, "Switchable multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber lasers by using cascaded fiber Bragg gratings written in high birefringence fiber," Opt. Commun. 230, 313 - 317 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

X. Feng, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, G. Kai, W. Zhang and X. Song, "Switchable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with cascaded fiber grating cavities," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 612 - 614 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

D. H. Zhao, K. T. Chan, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, "Wavelength switched optical pulse generation in a fiber ring laser with a Febry-perot semiconductor modulator and sampled fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 191 - 193 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

N. park and P. F. Wysocki, "24-line multiwavelength operation of Erbium doped fiber ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1459 - 1461 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

1988 (1)

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (7)

D. H. Zhao, K. T. Chan, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, "Wavelength switched optical pulse generation in a fiber ring laser with a Febry-perot semiconductor modulator and sampled fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 191 - 193 (2001).
[CrossRef]

X. Feng, H. Y. Tam, P. K. A Wai, "Switchable Multiwavelength Erbium-doped fiber laser with a multimode Fiber Bragg grating and photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1088 - 1090 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Liu, X. Q. Zhou, X. F. Tang, J. H. Ng, J. Z Hao, T. Y. Chai, E. W. Leong and C. Lu, "Switchable and tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with fiber Bragg gratings and Photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1626 - 1628 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. park and P. F. Wysocki, "24-line multiwavelength operation of Erbium doped fiber ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1459 - 1461 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Zhang, H. Liu, M. S. Demokan, and H.Y. Tam, "Stable and broad bandwidth multiwavelength fiber ring laser incorporating a highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 178, 2535-2537 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Hu, L. Zhan, Y. J. Song, W. Li, S. Y. Luo and Y.X. Xia, "Switchable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a multisection high-birefringence fiber loop mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1387 - 1389 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Feng, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, G. Kai, W. Zhang and X. Song, "Switchable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with cascaded fiber grating cavities," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 612 - 614 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

C. L. Zhao, X. Yang, L. Chao, J. H. Ng, X. Guo, R. C. Partha and X. Dong, "Switchable multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber lasers by using cascaded fiber Bragg gratings written in high birefringence fiber," Opt. Commun. 230, 313 - 317 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. Feng, H. Y. Tam, H. Liu and P. K. A. Wai, "Multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser employing a nonlinear optical loop mirror," Opt. Commun. 268, 278 - 281 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental scheme for the proposed switchable multiwavelength EDF laser.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Reflection spectrum of four FBGs through the AWG.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Output sectrum of the multiwavelength EDF laser at room temperature and (b) the experimental result of the RIN of multiwavelength EDF laser.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Repeatedly scanned output spectra of the multiwavelength EDF laser.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Output spectra of the proposed switchable multiwavelength EDF laser; (a) a single-wavelength lasing, (b) dual-wavelength lasing, and (c) triple-wavelength lasing at room temperature.

Equations (2)

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T = P t p I = 1 2 r ( 1 r ) [ 1 + cos ( ϕ + ( 1 2 r ) γ ] ,
γ = 2 π n 2 P i L λ A eff

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