Abstract

We demonstrate a compact diode-pumped fundamentally modelocked Er:Yb:glass laser with a record high repetition rate of 101 GHz, generating 35 mW average power in 1.6-ps pulses in the 1.5-µm telecom window. This performance makes the laser an attractive pulse generator to be used in advanced high-speed return-to-zero (RZ) telecom systems.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. E. Yoshida, N. Shimizu, and M. Nakazawa, "A 40-GHz 0.9-ps regeneratively mode-locked fiber laser with a tuning range of 1530-1560 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1587-1589 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. K. Sato, "Semiconductor light sources for 40-Gb/s transmission systems," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 2035-2043 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  3. L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spühler, I. Klimov, C. Y. Teisset, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, "Tunable picosecond pulse-generating laser with a repetition rate exceeding 10 GHz," Electron. Lett. 38, 225-227 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. U. Keller and A. C. Tropper, "Passively modelocked surface-emitting semiconductor lasers," Phys. Rep. 429, 67-120 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Lindberg, M. Sadeghi, M. Westlund, S. Wang, A. Larsson, M. Strassner, and S. Marcinkevicius, "Mode locking a 1550 nm semiconductor disk laser by using a GaInNAs saturable absorber," Opt. Lett. 30, 2793-2795 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. D. Lorenser, D. J. H. C. Maas, H. J. Unold, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, E. Gini, D. Ebling, and U. Keller, "50-GHz passively mode-locked surface-emitting semiconductor laser with 100 mW average output power," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 838-847 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. E. H. Oehler, S. C. Zeller, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, "Broad multiwavelength source with 50 GHz channel spacing for wavelength division multiplexing applications in the telecom C band," Opt. Lett. 33, 2158-2160 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. Schlatter, B. Rudin, S. C. Zeller, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spühler, L. Krainer, N. Haverkamp, H. R. Telle, and U. Keller, "Nearly quantum-noise-limited timing jitter from miniature Er:Yb:glass lasers," Opt. Lett. 30, 1536-1538 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, S. Lecomte, M. Moser, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, "Compact Nd:YVO4 lasers with pulse repetition rates up to 160 GHz," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1331-1338 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, and U. Keller, "Q-switching stability limits of continuous-wave passive mode locking," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 46-56 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. C. Zeller, T. Südmeyer, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, "Passively modelocked 77 GHz Er:Yb:glass laser," Electron. Lett. 43, 32-33 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. E. H. Oehler, S. C. Zeller, T. Südmeyer, U. Keller, and K. J. Weingarten, "Moving towards 100 GHz from a passively mode-locked Er:Yb:glass laser at 1.5 µm," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Europe), (IEEE, 2007), talk CI6-1-THU.
  13. U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, "Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435-453 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  14. U. Keller, "Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers," Nature 424, 831-838 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. G. J. Spühler, K. J. Weingarten, R. Grange, L. Krainer, M. Haiml, V. Liverini, M. Golling, S. Schon, and U. Keller, "Semiconductor saturable absorber mirror structures with low saturation fluence," Appl. Phys. B 81, 27-32 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. Schröder, S. Coen, F. Vanholsbeek, and T. Sylvestre, "Passively mode-locked Raman fiber laser with 100 GHz repetition rate," Opt. Lett. 31, 3489-3491 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. K. Sato, "100 GHz optical pulse generation using Fabry-Perot laser under continous wave operation," Electron. Lett. 37, 763-764 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  18. U. Troppenz, J. Kreissl, W. Rehbein, C. Bornholdt, T. Gaertner, M. Radziunas, A. Glitzky, U. Bandelow, and M. Wolfrum, "40 GBit/s Directly Modulated InGaAsP Passive Feedback DFB Laser," in 32nd European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC), (Cannes, 2006).
  19. D. Kopf, G. Zhang, R. Fluck, M. Moser, and U. Keller, "All-in-one dispersion-compensating saturable absorber mirror for compact femtosecond laser sources," Opt. Lett. 21, 486-488 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. J. Inoue, T. Isu, K. Akahane, N. Yamamoto, and M. Tsuchyida, "Characterization of highly stacked InAs quantum dot layers on InP substrate for a planar saturable absorber at 1.5 µm band," Phys. Stat. Solidi 3, 520-523 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  21. D. J. H. C. Maas, A. R. Bellancourt, M. Hoffmann, B. Rudin, Y. Barbarin, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, "Growth parameter optimizationfor fast quantum dot SESAMs," Opt. Express 16, 18646-18656 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (2)

2007 (1)

S. C. Zeller, T. Südmeyer, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, "Passively modelocked 77 GHz Er:Yb:glass laser," Electron. Lett. 43, 32-33 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

U. Keller and A. C. Tropper, "Passively modelocked surface-emitting semiconductor lasers," Phys. Rep. 429, 67-120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Lorenser, D. J. H. C. Maas, H. J. Unold, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, E. Gini, D. Ebling, and U. Keller, "50-GHz passively mode-locked surface-emitting semiconductor laser with 100 mW average output power," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 838-847 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Schröder, S. Coen, F. Vanholsbeek, and T. Sylvestre, "Passively mode-locked Raman fiber laser with 100 GHz repetition rate," Opt. Lett. 31, 3489-3491 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Inoue, T. Isu, K. Akahane, N. Yamamoto, and M. Tsuchyida, "Characterization of highly stacked InAs quantum dot layers on InP substrate for a planar saturable absorber at 1.5 µm band," Phys. Stat. Solidi 3, 520-523 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

2003 (1)

U. Keller, "Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers," Nature 424, 831-838 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (3)

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, S. Lecomte, M. Moser, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, "Compact Nd:YVO4 lasers with pulse repetition rates up to 160 GHz," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1331-1338 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Sato, "Semiconductor light sources for 40-Gb/s transmission systems," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 2035-2043 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spühler, I. Klimov, C. Y. Teisset, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, "Tunable picosecond pulse-generating laser with a repetition rate exceeding 10 GHz," Electron. Lett. 38, 225-227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

K. Sato, "100 GHz optical pulse generation using Fabry-Perot laser under continous wave operation," Electron. Lett. 37, 763-764 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, and U. Keller, "Q-switching stability limits of continuous-wave passive mode locking," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 46-56 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. Yoshida, N. Shimizu, and M. Nakazawa, "A 40-GHz 0.9-ps regeneratively mode-locked fiber laser with a tuning range of 1530-1560 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1587-1589 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

Akahane, K.

J. Inoue, T. Isu, K. Akahane, N. Yamamoto, and M. Tsuchyida, "Characterization of highly stacked InAs quantum dot layers on InP substrate for a planar saturable absorber at 1.5 µm band," Phys. Stat. Solidi 3, 520-523 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Barbarin, Y.

Bellancourt, A. R.

Bellancourt, A.-R.

D. Lorenser, D. J. H. C. Maas, H. J. Unold, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, E. Gini, D. Ebling, and U. Keller, "50-GHz passively mode-locked surface-emitting semiconductor laser with 100 mW average output power," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 838-847 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Coen, S.

Ebling, D.

D. Lorenser, D. J. H. C. Maas, H. J. Unold, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, E. Gini, D. Ebling, and U. Keller, "50-GHz passively mode-locked surface-emitting semiconductor laser with 100 mW average output power," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 838-847 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fluck, R.

Gini, E.

D. Lorenser, D. J. H. C. Maas, H. J. Unold, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, E. Gini, D. Ebling, and U. Keller, "50-GHz passively mode-locked surface-emitting semiconductor laser with 100 mW average output power," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 838-847 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Golling, M.

D. J. H. C. Maas, A. R. Bellancourt, M. Hoffmann, B. Rudin, Y. Barbarin, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, "Growth parameter optimizationfor fast quantum dot SESAMs," Opt. Express 16, 18646-18656 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Spühler, K. J. Weingarten, R. Grange, L. Krainer, M. Haiml, V. Liverini, M. Golling, S. Schon, and U. Keller, "Semiconductor saturable absorber mirror structures with low saturation fluence," Appl. Phys. B 81, 27-32 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Grange, R.

G. J. Spühler, K. J. Weingarten, R. Grange, L. Krainer, M. Haiml, V. Liverini, M. Golling, S. Schon, and U. Keller, "Semiconductor saturable absorber mirror structures with low saturation fluence," Appl. Phys. B 81, 27-32 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Haiml, M.

G. J. Spühler, K. J. Weingarten, R. Grange, L. Krainer, M. Haiml, V. Liverini, M. Golling, S. Schon, and U. Keller, "Semiconductor saturable absorber mirror structures with low saturation fluence," Appl. Phys. B 81, 27-32 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Haverkamp, N.

Hoffmann, M.

Hönninger, C.

Inoue, J.

J. Inoue, T. Isu, K. Akahane, N. Yamamoto, and M. Tsuchyida, "Characterization of highly stacked InAs quantum dot layers on InP substrate for a planar saturable absorber at 1.5 µm band," Phys. Stat. Solidi 3, 520-523 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Isu, T.

J. Inoue, T. Isu, K. Akahane, N. Yamamoto, and M. Tsuchyida, "Characterization of highly stacked InAs quantum dot layers on InP substrate for a planar saturable absorber at 1.5 µm band," Phys. Stat. Solidi 3, 520-523 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

A. E. H. Oehler, S. C. Zeller, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, "Broad multiwavelength source with 50 GHz channel spacing for wavelength division multiplexing applications in the telecom C band," Opt. Lett. 33, 2158-2160 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. H. C. Maas, A. R. Bellancourt, M. Hoffmann, B. Rudin, Y. Barbarin, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, "Growth parameter optimizationfor fast quantum dot SESAMs," Opt. Express 16, 18646-18656 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Zeller, T. Südmeyer, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, "Passively modelocked 77 GHz Er:Yb:glass laser," Electron. Lett. 43, 32-33 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Lorenser, D. J. H. C. Maas, H. J. Unold, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, E. Gini, D. Ebling, and U. Keller, "50-GHz passively mode-locked surface-emitting semiconductor laser with 100 mW average output power," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 838-847 (2006).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller and A. C. Tropper, "Passively modelocked surface-emitting semiconductor lasers," Phys. Rep. 429, 67-120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Spühler, K. J. Weingarten, R. Grange, L. Krainer, M. Haiml, V. Liverini, M. Golling, S. Schon, and U. Keller, "Semiconductor saturable absorber mirror structures with low saturation fluence," Appl. Phys. B 81, 27-32 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Schlatter, B. Rudin, S. C. Zeller, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spühler, L. Krainer, N. Haverkamp, H. R. Telle, and U. Keller, "Nearly quantum-noise-limited timing jitter from miniature Er:Yb:glass lasers," Opt. Lett. 30, 1536-1538 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Keller, "Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers," Nature 424, 831-838 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spühler, I. Klimov, C. Y. Teisset, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, "Tunable picosecond pulse-generating laser with a repetition rate exceeding 10 GHz," Electron. Lett. 38, 225-227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, S. Lecomte, M. Moser, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, "Compact Nd:YVO4 lasers with pulse repetition rates up to 160 GHz," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1331-1338 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, and U. Keller, "Q-switching stability limits of continuous-wave passive mode locking," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 46-56 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Kopf, G. Zhang, R. Fluck, M. Moser, and U. Keller, "All-in-one dispersion-compensating saturable absorber mirror for compact femtosecond laser sources," Opt. Lett. 21, 486-488 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Klimov, I.

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spühler, I. Klimov, C. Y. Teisset, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, "Tunable picosecond pulse-generating laser with a repetition rate exceeding 10 GHz," Electron. Lett. 38, 225-227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kopf, D.

Krainer, L.

A. Schlatter, B. Rudin, S. C. Zeller, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spühler, L. Krainer, N. Haverkamp, H. R. Telle, and U. Keller, "Nearly quantum-noise-limited timing jitter from miniature Er:Yb:glass lasers," Opt. Lett. 30, 1536-1538 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Spühler, K. J. Weingarten, R. Grange, L. Krainer, M. Haiml, V. Liverini, M. Golling, S. Schon, and U. Keller, "Semiconductor saturable absorber mirror structures with low saturation fluence," Appl. Phys. B 81, 27-32 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, S. Lecomte, M. Moser, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, "Compact Nd:YVO4 lasers with pulse repetition rates up to 160 GHz," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1331-1338 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spühler, I. Klimov, C. Y. Teisset, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, "Tunable picosecond pulse-generating laser with a repetition rate exceeding 10 GHz," Electron. Lett. 38, 225-227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Larsson, A.

Lecomte, S.

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, S. Lecomte, M. Moser, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, "Compact Nd:YVO4 lasers with pulse repetition rates up to 160 GHz," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1331-1338 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lindberg, H.

Liverini, V.

G. J. Spühler, K. J. Weingarten, R. Grange, L. Krainer, M. Haiml, V. Liverini, M. Golling, S. Schon, and U. Keller, "Semiconductor saturable absorber mirror structures with low saturation fluence," Appl. Phys. B 81, 27-32 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lorenser, D.

D. Lorenser, D. J. H. C. Maas, H. J. Unold, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, E. Gini, D. Ebling, and U. Keller, "50-GHz passively mode-locked surface-emitting semiconductor laser with 100 mW average output power," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 838-847 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Maas, D. J. H. C.

D. J. H. C. Maas, A. R. Bellancourt, M. Hoffmann, B. Rudin, Y. Barbarin, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, "Growth parameter optimizationfor fast quantum dot SESAMs," Opt. Express 16, 18646-18656 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Lorenser, D. J. H. C. Maas, H. J. Unold, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, E. Gini, D. Ebling, and U. Keller, "50-GHz passively mode-locked surface-emitting semiconductor laser with 100 mW average output power," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 838-847 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Marcinkevicius, S.

Morier-Genoud, F.

Moser, M.

Nakazawa, M.

E. Yoshida, N. Shimizu, and M. Nakazawa, "A 40-GHz 0.9-ps regeneratively mode-locked fiber laser with a tuning range of 1530-1560 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1587-1589 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Oehler, A. E. H.

Paschotta, R.

A. Schlatter, B. Rudin, S. C. Zeller, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spühler, L. Krainer, N. Haverkamp, H. R. Telle, and U. Keller, "Nearly quantum-noise-limited timing jitter from miniature Er:Yb:glass lasers," Opt. Lett. 30, 1536-1538 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spühler, I. Klimov, C. Y. Teisset, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, "Tunable picosecond pulse-generating laser with a repetition rate exceeding 10 GHz," Electron. Lett. 38, 225-227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, S. Lecomte, M. Moser, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, "Compact Nd:YVO4 lasers with pulse repetition rates up to 160 GHz," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1331-1338 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, and U. Keller, "Q-switching stability limits of continuous-wave passive mode locking," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 46-56 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rudin, B.

Sadeghi, M.

Sato, K.

K. Sato, "Semiconductor light sources for 40-Gb/s transmission systems," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 2035-2043 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Sato, "100 GHz optical pulse generation using Fabry-Perot laser under continous wave operation," Electron. Lett. 37, 763-764 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Schlatter, A.

Schon, S.

G. J. Spühler, K. J. Weingarten, R. Grange, L. Krainer, M. Haiml, V. Liverini, M. Golling, S. Schon, and U. Keller, "Semiconductor saturable absorber mirror structures with low saturation fluence," Appl. Phys. B 81, 27-32 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schröder, J.

Shimizu, N.

E. Yoshida, N. Shimizu, and M. Nakazawa, "A 40-GHz 0.9-ps regeneratively mode-locked fiber laser with a tuning range of 1530-1560 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1587-1589 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Spühler, G. J.

G. J. Spühler, K. J. Weingarten, R. Grange, L. Krainer, M. Haiml, V. Liverini, M. Golling, S. Schon, and U. Keller, "Semiconductor saturable absorber mirror structures with low saturation fluence," Appl. Phys. B 81, 27-32 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Schlatter, B. Rudin, S. C. Zeller, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spühler, L. Krainer, N. Haverkamp, H. R. Telle, and U. Keller, "Nearly quantum-noise-limited timing jitter from miniature Er:Yb:glass lasers," Opt. Lett. 30, 1536-1538 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spühler, I. Klimov, C. Y. Teisset, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, "Tunable picosecond pulse-generating laser with a repetition rate exceeding 10 GHz," Electron. Lett. 38, 225-227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Strassner, M.

Südmeyer, T.

Sylvestre, T.

Teisset, C. Y.

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spühler, I. Klimov, C. Y. Teisset, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, "Tunable picosecond pulse-generating laser with a repetition rate exceeding 10 GHz," Electron. Lett. 38, 225-227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Telle, H. R.

Tropper, A. C.

U. Keller and A. C. Tropper, "Passively modelocked surface-emitting semiconductor lasers," Phys. Rep. 429, 67-120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tsuchyida, M.

J. Inoue, T. Isu, K. Akahane, N. Yamamoto, and M. Tsuchyida, "Characterization of highly stacked InAs quantum dot layers on InP substrate for a planar saturable absorber at 1.5 µm band," Phys. Stat. Solidi 3, 520-523 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Unold, H. J.

D. Lorenser, D. J. H. C. Maas, H. J. Unold, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, E. Gini, D. Ebling, and U. Keller, "50-GHz passively mode-locked surface-emitting semiconductor laser with 100 mW average output power," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 838-847 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vanholsbeek, F.

Wang, S.

Weingarten, K. J.

A. E. H. Oehler, S. C. Zeller, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, "Broad multiwavelength source with 50 GHz channel spacing for wavelength division multiplexing applications in the telecom C band," Opt. Lett. 33, 2158-2160 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. C. Zeller, T. Südmeyer, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, "Passively modelocked 77 GHz Er:Yb:glass laser," Electron. Lett. 43, 32-33 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Spühler, K. J. Weingarten, R. Grange, L. Krainer, M. Haiml, V. Liverini, M. Golling, S. Schon, and U. Keller, "Semiconductor saturable absorber mirror structures with low saturation fluence," Appl. Phys. B 81, 27-32 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spühler, I. Klimov, C. Y. Teisset, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, "Tunable picosecond pulse-generating laser with a repetition rate exceeding 10 GHz," Electron. Lett. 38, 225-227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, S. Lecomte, M. Moser, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, "Compact Nd:YVO4 lasers with pulse repetition rates up to 160 GHz," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1331-1338 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Westlund, M.

Yamamoto, N.

J. Inoue, T. Isu, K. Akahane, N. Yamamoto, and M. Tsuchyida, "Characterization of highly stacked InAs quantum dot layers on InP substrate for a planar saturable absorber at 1.5 µm band," Phys. Stat. Solidi 3, 520-523 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, E.

E. Yoshida, N. Shimizu, and M. Nakazawa, "A 40-GHz 0.9-ps regeneratively mode-locked fiber laser with a tuning range of 1530-1560 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1587-1589 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zeller, S. C.

Zhang, G.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

G. J. Spühler, K. J. Weingarten, R. Grange, L. Krainer, M. Haiml, V. Liverini, M. Golling, S. Schon, and U. Keller, "Semiconductor saturable absorber mirror structures with low saturation fluence," Appl. Phys. B 81, 27-32 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (3)

K. Sato, "100 GHz optical pulse generation using Fabry-Perot laser under continous wave operation," Electron. Lett. 37, 763-764 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spühler, I. Klimov, C. Y. Teisset, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, "Tunable picosecond pulse-generating laser with a repetition rate exceeding 10 GHz," Electron. Lett. 38, 225-227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Zeller, T. Südmeyer, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, "Passively modelocked 77 GHz Er:Yb:glass laser," Electron. Lett. 43, 32-33 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

K. Sato, "Semiconductor light sources for 40-Gb/s transmission systems," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 2035-2043 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

D. Lorenser, D. J. H. C. Maas, H. J. Unold, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, E. Gini, D. Ebling, and U. Keller, "50-GHz passively mode-locked surface-emitting semiconductor laser with 100 mW average output power," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 838-847 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, S. Lecomte, M. Moser, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, "Compact Nd:YVO4 lasers with pulse repetition rates up to 160 GHz," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1331-1338 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

E. Yoshida, N. Shimizu, and M. Nakazawa, "A 40-GHz 0.9-ps regeneratively mode-locked fiber laser with a tuning range of 1530-1560 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1587-1589 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nature (1)

U. Keller, "Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers," Nature 424, 831-838 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rep. (1)

U. Keller and A. C. Tropper, "Passively modelocked surface-emitting semiconductor lasers," Phys. Rep. 429, 67-120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Stat. Solidi (1)

J. Inoue, T. Isu, K. Akahane, N. Yamamoto, and M. Tsuchyida, "Characterization of highly stacked InAs quantum dot layers on InP substrate for a planar saturable absorber at 1.5 µm band," Phys. Stat. Solidi 3, 520-523 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

U. Troppenz, J. Kreissl, W. Rehbein, C. Bornholdt, T. Gaertner, M. Radziunas, A. Glitzky, U. Bandelow, and M. Wolfrum, "40 GBit/s Directly Modulated InGaAsP Passive Feedback DFB Laser," in 32nd European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC), (Cannes, 2006).

A. E. H. Oehler, S. C. Zeller, T. Südmeyer, U. Keller, and K. J. Weingarten, "Moving towards 100 GHz from a passively mode-locked Er:Yb:glass laser at 1.5 µm," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Europe), (IEEE, 2007), talk CI6-1-THU.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, "Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435-453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of experimental setup of the 101 GHz laser cavity. The Er:Yb:glass is flat on one side, coated with a 1.2% output coupler and under Brewster’s angle inside the cavity. The collimated pump beam is focused into the gain glass such that it is mode-matched to the laser mode. The output beam is collimated by the same lens. Both beams are separated afterwards by a dichroic mirror. SESAM: semiconductor saturable absorber mirror, OC: output coupler.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Photograph of actual V-shaped cavity of a SESAM modelocked Er:Yb:glass laser. The cavity length is at this point mechanically limited because the curved mirror almost touches the Er:Yb:glass gain element.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The laser cavity was designed such that the folding mirror compensates for the astigmatism introduced by the gain element. At a folding angle of 43 degrees the output beam is round and stigmatic.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Autocorrelation trace of 101 GHz pulse train including cross-correlations (solid line) with fit-curve using ideal sech2 pulses (grey dashed line). Cavity roundtrip time TR=9.85 ps. The pulses have a duration of 1.6 ps.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Optical spectrum taken with a resolution bandwidth of 0.01 nm (solid line). The full width at half maximum determined by using ideal sech2 fit (grey dashed line) is 2.6 nm centered at 1534.8 nm. The mode separation is 0.8 nm. The inset shows the spectrum on a logarithmic scale.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Mode-locked optical output power of the 101 GHz Er:Yb:glass laser. We could obtain an average output power of 35 mW at a pump power of 370 mW. The QML-threshold was at 2.8 mW, above this power-level the mode-locking was stable. The optical-to-optical efficiency is close to 10%.

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