Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate the generation of nondegenerate nonclassical paired photons in a hot atomic ensemble using off-axis four-wave mixing. The time-resolved second-order correlated function between the Stokes photon and the anti-Stokes photon is given. The two-photon correlation between the photons obtained in this experiment is 1.87±0.04, which leads to the violation of Cauchy-Schwarz inequality by a factor of 1.69±0.14.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. C. Burnham and D. L. Weinberg, "Observation of Simultaneity in Parametric Production of Optical Photon Pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84-87 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. M. Wen and M. H. Rubin, "Transverse effects in paired-photon generation via an electromagnetically induced transparency medium. I. Perturbation theory," Phys. Rev. A 74, 023,808 (2006).
  3. J. M. Wen and M. H. Rubin, "Transverse effects in paired-photon generation via an electromagnetically induced transparency medium. Ii. Beyond perturbation theory," Phys. Rev. A 74, 023,809 (2006).
  4. C. H. Raymond Ooi, Q. Sun, M. S. Zubairy, and M. O. Scully, "Correlation of photon pairs from the double Raman amplifier: Generalized analytical quantum Langevin theory," Phys. Rev. A 75, 013820 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. Kolchin, "Electromagnetically-induced-transparency-based paired photon generation," Phys. Rev. A 75, 033,814 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. M. Wen, S. W. Du, and M. H. Rubin, "Biphoton generation in a two-level atomic ensemble," Phys. Rev. A 75, 033,809 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. M. Wen, S.W. Du, and M. H. Rubin, "Spontaneous parametric down-conversion in a three-level system," Phys. Rev. A 76, 013,825 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. M. Wen, S. W. Du, Y. P. Zhang, M. Xiao, and M. H. Rubin, "Nonclassical light generation via a four-level inverted-Y system," Phys. Rev. A 77, 033,816 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L. M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, "Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles," Nature 423, 731 - 734 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. C. W. Chou, S. V. Polyakov, A. Kuzmich, and H. J. Kimble, "Single-photon generation from stored excitation in an atomic ensemble," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213,601 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. V. Polyakov, C. W. Chou, D. Felinto, and H. J. Kimble, "Temporal dynamics of photon pairs generated by an atomic ensemble," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 633 - 673 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. N. Matsukevich and A. Kuzmich, "Quantum State Transfer Between Matter and Light," Science 306, 663-666 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. V. Bali’c, D. A. Braje, P. Kolchin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Generation of Paired Photons with Controllable Waveforms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 183601 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. D. N. Matsukevich, T. Chaneliere, M. Bhattacharya, S. Y. Lan, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Entanglement of a photon and a collective atomic excitation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 040,405 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  15. T. Chaneliere, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, S. Y. Lan, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Storage and retrieval of single photons transmitted between remote quantum memories," Nature 438, 833 - 836 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. C. W. Chou, H. de Riedmatten, D. Felinto, S. V. Polyakov, S. J. van Enk, and H. J. Kimble, "Measurementinduced entanglement for excitation stored in remote atomic ensembles," Nature 438, 828 - 832 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. P. Kolchin, S. Du, C. Belthangady, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Generation of Narrow-Bandwidth Paired Photons: Use of a Single Driving Laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 113602 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. R. Inoue, N. Kanai, T. Yonehara, Y. Miyamoto, M. Koashi, and M. Kozuma, "Entanglement of orbital angular momentum states between an ensemble of cold atoms and a photon," Phys. Rev. A 74, 053809 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  19. J. Laurat, H. de Riedmatten, D. Felinto, C. W. Chou, E. W. Schomburg, and H. J. Kimble, "Efficient retrieval of a single excitation stored in an atomic ensemble," Opt. Express 14, 6912 - 6918 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. S. W. Du, P. Kolchin, C. Belthangady, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Subnatural linewidth biphotons with controllable temporal length," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 183,603 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  21. C. H. van der Wal, M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, R. L. Walsworth, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Atomic memory for correlated photon states," Science 301, 196 - 200 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. M. D. Eisaman, L. Childress, A. Andre, F. Massou, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Shaping quantum pulses of light via coherent atomic memory," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 233,602 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  23. M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, F. Massou, M. Fleischhauer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Electromagnetically induced transparency with tunable single-photon pulses," Nature 438, 837 - 841 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic Press, New York, 1992).
  25. D. A. Braje, V. Balic, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Low-light-level nonlinear optics with slow light," Phys. Rev. A 68, 041801 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  26. W. Jiang, Q.-F. Chen, Y.-S. Zhang, and G.-C. Guo, "Computation of topological charges of optical vortices via nondegenerate four-wave mixing," Phys. Rev. A 74, 043811 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2008

J. M. Wen, S. W. Du, Y. P. Zhang, M. Xiao, and M. H. Rubin, "Nonclassical light generation via a four-level inverted-Y system," Phys. Rev. A 77, 033,816 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Du, P. Kolchin, C. Belthangady, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Subnatural linewidth biphotons with controllable temporal length," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 183,603 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

C. H. Raymond Ooi, Q. Sun, M. S. Zubairy, and M. O. Scully, "Correlation of photon pairs from the double Raman amplifier: Generalized analytical quantum Langevin theory," Phys. Rev. A 75, 013820 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Kolchin, "Electromagnetically-induced-transparency-based paired photon generation," Phys. Rev. A 75, 033,814 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Wen, S. W. Du, and M. H. Rubin, "Biphoton generation in a two-level atomic ensemble," Phys. Rev. A 75, 033,809 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Wen, S.W. Du, and M. H. Rubin, "Spontaneous parametric down-conversion in a three-level system," Phys. Rev. A 76, 013,825 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

J. M. Wen and M. H. Rubin, "Transverse effects in paired-photon generation via an electromagnetically induced transparency medium. I. Perturbation theory," Phys. Rev. A 74, 023,808 (2006).

J. M. Wen and M. H. Rubin, "Transverse effects in paired-photon generation via an electromagnetically induced transparency medium. Ii. Beyond perturbation theory," Phys. Rev. A 74, 023,809 (2006).

P. Kolchin, S. Du, C. Belthangady, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Generation of Narrow-Bandwidth Paired Photons: Use of a Single Driving Laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 113602 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Inoue, N. Kanai, T. Yonehara, Y. Miyamoto, M. Koashi, and M. Kozuma, "Entanglement of orbital angular momentum states between an ensemble of cold atoms and a photon," Phys. Rev. A 74, 053809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Jiang, Q.-F. Chen, Y.-S. Zhang, and G.-C. Guo, "Computation of topological charges of optical vortices via nondegenerate four-wave mixing," Phys. Rev. A 74, 043811 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Laurat, H. de Riedmatten, D. Felinto, C. W. Chou, E. W. Schomburg, and H. J. Kimble, "Efficient retrieval of a single excitation stored in an atomic ensemble," Opt. Express 14, 6912 - 6918 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, F. Massou, M. Fleischhauer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Electromagnetically induced transparency with tunable single-photon pulses," Nature 438, 837 - 841 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Bali’c, D. A. Braje, P. Kolchin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Generation of Paired Photons with Controllable Waveforms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 183601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. N. Matsukevich, T. Chaneliere, M. Bhattacharya, S. Y. Lan, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Entanglement of a photon and a collective atomic excitation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 040,405 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Chaneliere, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, S. Y. Lan, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Storage and retrieval of single photons transmitted between remote quantum memories," Nature 438, 833 - 836 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Chou, H. de Riedmatten, D. Felinto, S. V. Polyakov, S. J. van Enk, and H. J. Kimble, "Measurementinduced entanglement for excitation stored in remote atomic ensembles," Nature 438, 828 - 832 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

C. W. Chou, S. V. Polyakov, A. Kuzmich, and H. J. Kimble, "Single-photon generation from stored excitation in an atomic ensemble," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213,601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Polyakov, C. W. Chou, D. Felinto, and H. J. Kimble, "Temporal dynamics of photon pairs generated by an atomic ensemble," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 633 - 673 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Matsukevich and A. Kuzmich, "Quantum State Transfer Between Matter and Light," Science 306, 663-666 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Eisaman, L. Childress, A. Andre, F. Massou, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Shaping quantum pulses of light via coherent atomic memory," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 233,602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

C. H. van der Wal, M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, R. L. Walsworth, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Atomic memory for correlated photon states," Science 301, 196 - 200 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Braje, V. Balic, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Low-light-level nonlinear optics with slow light," Phys. Rev. A 68, 041801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L. M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, "Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles," Nature 423, 731 - 734 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1970

D. C. Burnham and D. L. Weinberg, "Observation of Simultaneity in Parametric Production of Optical Photon Pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84-87 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Andre, A.

M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, F. Massou, M. Fleischhauer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Electromagnetically induced transparency with tunable single-photon pulses," Nature 438, 837 - 841 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Eisaman, L. Childress, A. Andre, F. Massou, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Shaping quantum pulses of light via coherent atomic memory," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 233,602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. H. van der Wal, M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, R. L. Walsworth, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Atomic memory for correlated photon states," Science 301, 196 - 200 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Balic, V.

D. A. Braje, V. Balic, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Low-light-level nonlinear optics with slow light," Phys. Rev. A 68, 041801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Belthangady, C.

S. W. Du, P. Kolchin, C. Belthangady, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Subnatural linewidth biphotons with controllable temporal length," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 183,603 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Kolchin, S. Du, C. Belthangady, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Generation of Narrow-Bandwidth Paired Photons: Use of a Single Driving Laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 113602 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bhattacharya, M.

D. N. Matsukevich, T. Chaneliere, M. Bhattacharya, S. Y. Lan, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Entanglement of a photon and a collective atomic excitation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 040,405 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Boca, A.

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L. M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, "Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles," Nature 423, 731 - 734 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boozer, A. D.

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L. M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, "Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles," Nature 423, 731 - 734 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bowen, W. P.

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L. M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, "Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles," Nature 423, 731 - 734 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Braje, D. A.

D. A. Braje, V. Balic, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Low-light-level nonlinear optics with slow light," Phys. Rev. A 68, 041801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Burnham, D. C.

D. C. Burnham and D. L. Weinberg, "Observation of Simultaneity in Parametric Production of Optical Photon Pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84-87 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Chaneliere, T.

D. N. Matsukevich, T. Chaneliere, M. Bhattacharya, S. Y. Lan, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Entanglement of a photon and a collective atomic excitation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 040,405 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Chaneliere, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, S. Y. Lan, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Storage and retrieval of single photons transmitted between remote quantum memories," Nature 438, 833 - 836 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Q.-F.

W. Jiang, Q.-F. Chen, Y.-S. Zhang, and G.-C. Guo, "Computation of topological charges of optical vortices via nondegenerate four-wave mixing," Phys. Rev. A 74, 043811 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Childress, L.

M. D. Eisaman, L. Childress, A. Andre, F. Massou, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Shaping quantum pulses of light via coherent atomic memory," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 233,602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chou, C. W.

J. Laurat, H. de Riedmatten, D. Felinto, C. W. Chou, E. W. Schomburg, and H. J. Kimble, "Efficient retrieval of a single excitation stored in an atomic ensemble," Opt. Express 14, 6912 - 6918 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Chou, H. de Riedmatten, D. Felinto, S. V. Polyakov, S. J. van Enk, and H. J. Kimble, "Measurementinduced entanglement for excitation stored in remote atomic ensembles," Nature 438, 828 - 832 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Chou, S. V. Polyakov, A. Kuzmich, and H. J. Kimble, "Single-photon generation from stored excitation in an atomic ensemble," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213,601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Polyakov, C. W. Chou, D. Felinto, and H. J. Kimble, "Temporal dynamics of photon pairs generated by an atomic ensemble," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 633 - 673 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L. M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, "Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles," Nature 423, 731 - 734 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Riedmatten, H.

J. Laurat, H. de Riedmatten, D. Felinto, C. W. Chou, E. W. Schomburg, and H. J. Kimble, "Efficient retrieval of a single excitation stored in an atomic ensemble," Opt. Express 14, 6912 - 6918 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Chou, H. de Riedmatten, D. Felinto, S. V. Polyakov, S. J. van Enk, and H. J. Kimble, "Measurementinduced entanglement for excitation stored in remote atomic ensembles," Nature 438, 828 - 832 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Du, S.

P. Kolchin, S. Du, C. Belthangady, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Generation of Narrow-Bandwidth Paired Photons: Use of a Single Driving Laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 113602 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Du, S. W.

J. M. Wen, S. W. Du, Y. P. Zhang, M. Xiao, and M. H. Rubin, "Nonclassical light generation via a four-level inverted-Y system," Phys. Rev. A 77, 033,816 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Du, P. Kolchin, C. Belthangady, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Subnatural linewidth biphotons with controllable temporal length," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 183,603 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Wen, S. W. Du, and M. H. Rubin, "Biphoton generation in a two-level atomic ensemble," Phys. Rev. A 75, 033,809 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Du, S.W.

J. M. Wen, S.W. Du, and M. H. Rubin, "Spontaneous parametric down-conversion in a three-level system," Phys. Rev. A 76, 013,825 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Duan, L. M.

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L. M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, "Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles," Nature 423, 731 - 734 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eisaman, M. D.

M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, F. Massou, M. Fleischhauer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Electromagnetically induced transparency with tunable single-photon pulses," Nature 438, 837 - 841 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Eisaman, L. Childress, A. Andre, F. Massou, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Shaping quantum pulses of light via coherent atomic memory," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 233,602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. H. van der Wal, M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, R. L. Walsworth, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Atomic memory for correlated photon states," Science 301, 196 - 200 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Felinto, D.

J. Laurat, H. de Riedmatten, D. Felinto, C. W. Chou, E. W. Schomburg, and H. J. Kimble, "Efficient retrieval of a single excitation stored in an atomic ensemble," Opt. Express 14, 6912 - 6918 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Chou, H. de Riedmatten, D. Felinto, S. V. Polyakov, S. J. van Enk, and H. J. Kimble, "Measurementinduced entanglement for excitation stored in remote atomic ensembles," Nature 438, 828 - 832 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. V. Polyakov, C. W. Chou, D. Felinto, and H. J. Kimble, "Temporal dynamics of photon pairs generated by an atomic ensemble," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 633 - 673 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fleischhauer, M.

M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, F. Massou, M. Fleischhauer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Electromagnetically induced transparency with tunable single-photon pulses," Nature 438, 837 - 841 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guo, G.-C.

W. Jiang, Q.-F. Chen, Y.-S. Zhang, and G.-C. Guo, "Computation of topological charges of optical vortices via nondegenerate four-wave mixing," Phys. Rev. A 74, 043811 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

S. W. Du, P. Kolchin, C. Belthangady, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Subnatural linewidth biphotons with controllable temporal length," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 183,603 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Kolchin, S. Du, C. Belthangady, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Generation of Narrow-Bandwidth Paired Photons: Use of a Single Driving Laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 113602 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Braje, V. Balic, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Low-light-level nonlinear optics with slow light," Phys. Rev. A 68, 041801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, R.

R. Inoue, N. Kanai, T. Yonehara, Y. Miyamoto, M. Koashi, and M. Kozuma, "Entanglement of orbital angular momentum states between an ensemble of cold atoms and a photon," Phys. Rev. A 74, 053809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jenkins, S. D.

T. Chaneliere, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, S. Y. Lan, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Storage and retrieval of single photons transmitted between remote quantum memories," Nature 438, 833 - 836 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. N. Matsukevich, T. Chaneliere, M. Bhattacharya, S. Y. Lan, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Entanglement of a photon and a collective atomic excitation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 040,405 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, W.

W. Jiang, Q.-F. Chen, Y.-S. Zhang, and G.-C. Guo, "Computation of topological charges of optical vortices via nondegenerate four-wave mixing," Phys. Rev. A 74, 043811 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kanai, N.

R. Inoue, N. Kanai, T. Yonehara, Y. Miyamoto, M. Koashi, and M. Kozuma, "Entanglement of orbital angular momentum states between an ensemble of cold atoms and a photon," Phys. Rev. A 74, 053809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kennedy, T. A. B.

T. Chaneliere, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, S. Y. Lan, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Storage and retrieval of single photons transmitted between remote quantum memories," Nature 438, 833 - 836 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. N. Matsukevich, T. Chaneliere, M. Bhattacharya, S. Y. Lan, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Entanglement of a photon and a collective atomic excitation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 040,405 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kimble, H. J.

J. Laurat, H. de Riedmatten, D. Felinto, C. W. Chou, E. W. Schomburg, and H. J. Kimble, "Efficient retrieval of a single excitation stored in an atomic ensemble," Opt. Express 14, 6912 - 6918 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Chou, H. de Riedmatten, D. Felinto, S. V. Polyakov, S. J. van Enk, and H. J. Kimble, "Measurementinduced entanglement for excitation stored in remote atomic ensembles," Nature 438, 828 - 832 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Chou, S. V. Polyakov, A. Kuzmich, and H. J. Kimble, "Single-photon generation from stored excitation in an atomic ensemble," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213,601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Polyakov, C. W. Chou, D. Felinto, and H. J. Kimble, "Temporal dynamics of photon pairs generated by an atomic ensemble," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 633 - 673 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L. M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, "Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles," Nature 423, 731 - 734 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koashi, M.

R. Inoue, N. Kanai, T. Yonehara, Y. Miyamoto, M. Koashi, and M. Kozuma, "Entanglement of orbital angular momentum states between an ensemble of cold atoms and a photon," Phys. Rev. A 74, 053809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kolchin, P.

S. W. Du, P. Kolchin, C. Belthangady, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Subnatural linewidth biphotons with controllable temporal length," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 183,603 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Kolchin, "Electromagnetically-induced-transparency-based paired photon generation," Phys. Rev. A 75, 033,814 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Kolchin, S. Du, C. Belthangady, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Generation of Narrow-Bandwidth Paired Photons: Use of a Single Driving Laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 113602 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kozuma, M.

R. Inoue, N. Kanai, T. Yonehara, Y. Miyamoto, M. Koashi, and M. Kozuma, "Entanglement of orbital angular momentum states between an ensemble of cold atoms and a photon," Phys. Rev. A 74, 053809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kuzmich, A.

T. Chaneliere, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, S. Y. Lan, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Storage and retrieval of single photons transmitted between remote quantum memories," Nature 438, 833 - 836 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. N. Matsukevich, T. Chaneliere, M. Bhattacharya, S. Y. Lan, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Entanglement of a photon and a collective atomic excitation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 040,405 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chou, S. V. Polyakov, A. Kuzmich, and H. J. Kimble, "Single-photon generation from stored excitation in an atomic ensemble," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213,601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Matsukevich and A. Kuzmich, "Quantum State Transfer Between Matter and Light," Science 306, 663-666 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L. M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, "Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles," Nature 423, 731 - 734 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lan, S. Y.

D. N. Matsukevich, T. Chaneliere, M. Bhattacharya, S. Y. Lan, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Entanglement of a photon and a collective atomic excitation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 040,405 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Chaneliere, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, S. Y. Lan, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Storage and retrieval of single photons transmitted between remote quantum memories," Nature 438, 833 - 836 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laurat, J.

Lukin, M. D.

M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, F. Massou, M. Fleischhauer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Electromagnetically induced transparency with tunable single-photon pulses," Nature 438, 837 - 841 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Eisaman, L. Childress, A. Andre, F. Massou, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Shaping quantum pulses of light via coherent atomic memory," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 233,602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. H. van der Wal, M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, R. L. Walsworth, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Atomic memory for correlated photon states," Science 301, 196 - 200 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Massou, F.

M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, F. Massou, M. Fleischhauer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Electromagnetically induced transparency with tunable single-photon pulses," Nature 438, 837 - 841 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Eisaman, L. Childress, A. Andre, F. Massou, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Shaping quantum pulses of light via coherent atomic memory," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 233,602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Matsukevich, D. N.

T. Chaneliere, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, S. Y. Lan, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Storage and retrieval of single photons transmitted between remote quantum memories," Nature 438, 833 - 836 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. N. Matsukevich, T. Chaneliere, M. Bhattacharya, S. Y. Lan, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Entanglement of a photon and a collective atomic excitation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 040,405 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Matsukevich and A. Kuzmich, "Quantum State Transfer Between Matter and Light," Science 306, 663-666 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miyamoto, Y.

R. Inoue, N. Kanai, T. Yonehara, Y. Miyamoto, M. Koashi, and M. Kozuma, "Entanglement of orbital angular momentum states between an ensemble of cold atoms and a photon," Phys. Rev. A 74, 053809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phillips, D. F.

C. H. van der Wal, M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, R. L. Walsworth, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Atomic memory for correlated photon states," Science 301, 196 - 200 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Polyakov, S. V.

C. W. Chou, H. de Riedmatten, D. Felinto, S. V. Polyakov, S. J. van Enk, and H. J. Kimble, "Measurementinduced entanglement for excitation stored in remote atomic ensembles," Nature 438, 828 - 832 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Chou, S. V. Polyakov, A. Kuzmich, and H. J. Kimble, "Single-photon generation from stored excitation in an atomic ensemble," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213,601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Polyakov, C. W. Chou, D. Felinto, and H. J. Kimble, "Temporal dynamics of photon pairs generated by an atomic ensemble," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 633 - 673 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Raymond Ooi, C. H.

C. H. Raymond Ooi, Q. Sun, M. S. Zubairy, and M. O. Scully, "Correlation of photon pairs from the double Raman amplifier: Generalized analytical quantum Langevin theory," Phys. Rev. A 75, 013820 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rubin, M. H.

J. M. Wen, S. W. Du, Y. P. Zhang, M. Xiao, and M. H. Rubin, "Nonclassical light generation via a four-level inverted-Y system," Phys. Rev. A 77, 033,816 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Wen, S.W. Du, and M. H. Rubin, "Spontaneous parametric down-conversion in a three-level system," Phys. Rev. A 76, 013,825 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Wen, S. W. Du, and M. H. Rubin, "Biphoton generation in a two-level atomic ensemble," Phys. Rev. A 75, 033,809 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Wen and M. H. Rubin, "Transverse effects in paired-photon generation via an electromagnetically induced transparency medium. I. Perturbation theory," Phys. Rev. A 74, 023,808 (2006).

J. M. Wen and M. H. Rubin, "Transverse effects in paired-photon generation via an electromagnetically induced transparency medium. Ii. Beyond perturbation theory," Phys. Rev. A 74, 023,809 (2006).

Schomburg, E. W.

Scully, M. O.

C. H. Raymond Ooi, Q. Sun, M. S. Zubairy, and M. O. Scully, "Correlation of photon pairs from the double Raman amplifier: Generalized analytical quantum Langevin theory," Phys. Rev. A 75, 013820 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Q.

C. H. Raymond Ooi, Q. Sun, M. S. Zubairy, and M. O. Scully, "Correlation of photon pairs from the double Raman amplifier: Generalized analytical quantum Langevin theory," Phys. Rev. A 75, 013820 (2007).
[CrossRef]

van der Wal, C. H.

C. H. van der Wal, M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, R. L. Walsworth, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Atomic memory for correlated photon states," Science 301, 196 - 200 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van Enk, S. J.

C. W. Chou, H. de Riedmatten, D. Felinto, S. V. Polyakov, S. J. van Enk, and H. J. Kimble, "Measurementinduced entanglement for excitation stored in remote atomic ensembles," Nature 438, 828 - 832 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walsworth, R. L.

C. H. van der Wal, M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, R. L. Walsworth, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Atomic memory for correlated photon states," Science 301, 196 - 200 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weinberg, D. L.

D. C. Burnham and D. L. Weinberg, "Observation of Simultaneity in Parametric Production of Optical Photon Pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84-87 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Wen, J. M.

J. M. Wen, S. W. Du, Y. P. Zhang, M. Xiao, and M. H. Rubin, "Nonclassical light generation via a four-level inverted-Y system," Phys. Rev. A 77, 033,816 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Wen, S.W. Du, and M. H. Rubin, "Spontaneous parametric down-conversion in a three-level system," Phys. Rev. A 76, 013,825 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Wen, S. W. Du, and M. H. Rubin, "Biphoton generation in a two-level atomic ensemble," Phys. Rev. A 75, 033,809 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Wen and M. H. Rubin, "Transverse effects in paired-photon generation via an electromagnetically induced transparency medium. I. Perturbation theory," Phys. Rev. A 74, 023,808 (2006).

J. M. Wen and M. H. Rubin, "Transverse effects in paired-photon generation via an electromagnetically induced transparency medium. Ii. Beyond perturbation theory," Phys. Rev. A 74, 023,809 (2006).

Xiao, M.

J. M. Wen, S. W. Du, Y. P. Zhang, M. Xiao, and M. H. Rubin, "Nonclassical light generation via a four-level inverted-Y system," Phys. Rev. A 77, 033,816 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yin, G. Y.

S. W. Du, P. Kolchin, C. Belthangady, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Subnatural linewidth biphotons with controllable temporal length," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 183,603 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Kolchin, S. Du, C. Belthangady, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Generation of Narrow-Bandwidth Paired Photons: Use of a Single Driving Laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 113602 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Braje, V. Balic, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Low-light-level nonlinear optics with slow light," Phys. Rev. A 68, 041801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yonehara, T.

R. Inoue, N. Kanai, T. Yonehara, Y. Miyamoto, M. Koashi, and M. Kozuma, "Entanglement of orbital angular momentum states between an ensemble of cold atoms and a photon," Phys. Rev. A 74, 053809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y. P.

J. M. Wen, S. W. Du, Y. P. Zhang, M. Xiao, and M. H. Rubin, "Nonclassical light generation via a four-level inverted-Y system," Phys. Rev. A 77, 033,816 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.-S.

W. Jiang, Q.-F. Chen, Y.-S. Zhang, and G.-C. Guo, "Computation of topological charges of optical vortices via nondegenerate four-wave mixing," Phys. Rev. A 74, 043811 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zibrov, A. S.

M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, F. Massou, M. Fleischhauer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Electromagnetically induced transparency with tunable single-photon pulses," Nature 438, 837 - 841 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Eisaman, L. Childress, A. Andre, F. Massou, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Shaping quantum pulses of light via coherent atomic memory," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 233,602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. H. van der Wal, M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, R. L. Walsworth, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Atomic memory for correlated photon states," Science 301, 196 - 200 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zubairy, M. S.

C. H. Raymond Ooi, Q. Sun, M. S. Zubairy, and M. O. Scully, "Correlation of photon pairs from the double Raman amplifier: Generalized analytical quantum Langevin theory," Phys. Rev. A 75, 013820 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L. M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, "Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles," Nature 423, 731 - 734 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Chaneliere, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, S. Y. Lan, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Storage and retrieval of single photons transmitted between remote quantum memories," Nature 438, 833 - 836 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Chou, H. de Riedmatten, D. Felinto, S. V. Polyakov, S. J. van Enk, and H. J. Kimble, "Measurementinduced entanglement for excitation stored in remote atomic ensembles," Nature 438, 828 - 832 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, F. Massou, M. Fleischhauer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Electromagnetically induced transparency with tunable single-photon pulses," Nature 438, 837 - 841 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Phys. Rev. A

D. A. Braje, V. Balic, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Low-light-level nonlinear optics with slow light," Phys. Rev. A 68, 041801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. Jiang, Q.-F. Chen, Y.-S. Zhang, and G.-C. Guo, "Computation of topological charges of optical vortices via nondegenerate four-wave mixing," Phys. Rev. A 74, 043811 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Inoue, N. Kanai, T. Yonehara, Y. Miyamoto, M. Koashi, and M. Kozuma, "Entanglement of orbital angular momentum states between an ensemble of cold atoms and a photon," Phys. Rev. A 74, 053809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Wen and M. H. Rubin, "Transverse effects in paired-photon generation via an electromagnetically induced transparency medium. I. Perturbation theory," Phys. Rev. A 74, 023,808 (2006).

J. M. Wen and M. H. Rubin, "Transverse effects in paired-photon generation via an electromagnetically induced transparency medium. Ii. Beyond perturbation theory," Phys. Rev. A 74, 023,809 (2006).

C. H. Raymond Ooi, Q. Sun, M. S. Zubairy, and M. O. Scully, "Correlation of photon pairs from the double Raman amplifier: Generalized analytical quantum Langevin theory," Phys. Rev. A 75, 013820 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Kolchin, "Electromagnetically-induced-transparency-based paired photon generation," Phys. Rev. A 75, 033,814 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Wen, S. W. Du, and M. H. Rubin, "Biphoton generation in a two-level atomic ensemble," Phys. Rev. A 75, 033,809 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Wen, S.W. Du, and M. H. Rubin, "Spontaneous parametric down-conversion in a three-level system," Phys. Rev. A 76, 013,825 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Wen, S. W. Du, Y. P. Zhang, M. Xiao, and M. H. Rubin, "Nonclassical light generation via a four-level inverted-Y system," Phys. Rev. A 77, 033,816 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

C. W. Chou, S. V. Polyakov, A. Kuzmich, and H. J. Kimble, "Single-photon generation from stored excitation in an atomic ensemble," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213,601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Polyakov, C. W. Chou, D. Felinto, and H. J. Kimble, "Temporal dynamics of photon pairs generated by an atomic ensemble," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 633 - 673 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Du, P. Kolchin, C. Belthangady, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Subnatural linewidth biphotons with controllable temporal length," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 183,603 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Burnham and D. L. Weinberg, "Observation of Simultaneity in Parametric Production of Optical Photon Pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84-87 (1970).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Eisaman, L. Childress, A. Andre, F. Massou, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Shaping quantum pulses of light via coherent atomic memory," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 233,602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Kolchin, S. Du, C. Belthangady, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Generation of Narrow-Bandwidth Paired Photons: Use of a Single Driving Laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 113602 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Bali’c, D. A. Braje, P. Kolchin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Generation of Paired Photons with Controllable Waveforms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 183601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. N. Matsukevich, T. Chaneliere, M. Bhattacharya, S. Y. Lan, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Entanglement of a photon and a collective atomic excitation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 040,405 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Science

C. H. van der Wal, M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, R. L. Walsworth, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Atomic memory for correlated photon states," Science 301, 196 - 200 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. N. Matsukevich and A. Kuzmich, "Quantum State Transfer Between Matter and Light," Science 306, 663-666 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic Press, New York, 1992).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic setup of this experiment. Left, Energy levels of 87Rb, and the frequency arrangement of the lasers used in this experiment, where |1〉 and |2〉 are the hyperfine sublevels of the ground state, and |3〉 and |4〉 are excited states. Right, experimental setup. A strong coupling laser and a weak pump laser with orthogonal linear polarization counter propagate through a rubidium cell. Paired Stokes and anti-Stokes photons are generated in phase-matched directions. These photons are collected by single-mode fibers and detected by single photon counting modules. F1 and F2 are filters, each consists of a polarizer, an optical pumped Rb cell and a ruled diffraction grating.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

The time-resolved coincidences between the fields versus time delay τ with the powers of the coupling and pump of 7.0 mW and 40 µW, respectively. All the data are normalized in time. (a) the coincident statistics between the Stokes photons and the anti-Stokes photons is shown. Data are collected over 1000 seconds. (b) and (c) show the self-coincidence of the Stokes photons and the anti-Stokes photons. Data are collected over 15000 and 3000 seconds respectively. cell, the quick moving out of and into the coupling

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The two photon correlation s,as (τ) and the net total coincidence counts Ns,as versus coupling powers with a fixed pump power of 40 µW.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

The two photon correlation s,as(τ) and the net total coincidence counts Ns,as versus pump power with a fixed coupling power of about 7.0 mW.

Equations (1)

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g ˜ s , as ( τ ) 2 g ˜ s , s g ˜ as , as ,

Metrics