Abstract

Efficient recovery of light emitted by fluorescent molecules by employing photonic structures can result in high signal-to-noise ratio detection for biological applications including DNA microarrays, fluorescence microscopy and single molecule detection. By employing a model system comprised of colloidal quantum dots, we consider the physical basis of the extraction effect as provided by photonic crystals. Devices with different lattice symmetry are fabricated ensuring spectral and spatial coupling of quantum dot emission with leaky eigenmodes and the emission characteristics are studied using angle-resolved and angle-integrated measurements. Comparison with numerical calculations and lifetime measurements reveals that the enhancement occurs via resonant redirection of the emitted radiation. Comparison of various lattices reveals differences in the enhancement factor with a maximum enhancement factor approaching 220. We also demonstrate the first enhanced extraction biosensor that allows for over 20-fold enhancement of the fluorescence signal in detection of the cytokine TNF-α by a fluorescence sandwich immunoassay.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  4. T. Fujii, Y. Gao, R. Sharma, E. L. Hu, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, "Increase in the extraction efficiency of GaN-based light-emitting diodes via surface roughening," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 855 (2004).
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    [CrossRef]
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  18. A. Rosenberg, M. Carter, J. Case, M. Kim, R. Holm, R. Henry, C. Eddy, V. Shamamian, K. Bussmann, S. Shi, and D. Prather, "Guided resonances in asymmetrical GaN photonic crystal slabs observed in the visible spectrum," Opt. Express 13, 6564-6571 (2005).
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    [CrossRef]
  25. I. C. Robin, R. Andre, A. Balocchi, S. Carayon, S. Moehl, J. M. Gerard, and L. Ferlazzo, "Purcell effect for CdSe/ZnSe quantum dots placed into hybrid micropillars," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 233114 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  26. P. Lodahl, A. Floris van Driel, I. S. Nikolaev, A. Irman, K. Overgaag, D. Vanmaekelbergh, and W. L. Vos, "Controlling the dynamics of spontaneous emission from quantum dots by photonic crystals," Nature 430 (654-657) (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  27. W. L. Barnes, "Fluorescence near interfaces: the role of photonic mode density," J. Mod. Opt. 45, 661-699 (1998).

2007 (2)

B.-S. Choi, Y. Kanamori, and K. Hane, "Phase sensitive photodiode based on guided resonant absorption," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Bennett, D. J. P. Ellis, A. J. Shields, P. Atkinson, I. Farrer, and D. A. Ritchie, "Observation of the Purcell effect in high-index-contrast micropillars," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 191911 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, G. Zhang, J. Zhao, and M. A. Green, "Enhanced emission from Si-based light-emitting diodes using surface plasmons," Appl. Phys. Lett.161102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Boonruang, A. Greenwell, and M. G. Moharam, "Multiline two-dimensional guided-mode resonant filters," Appl. Opt. 45, 5740-5747 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

A. Rosenberg, M. Carter, J. Case, M. Kim, R. Holm, R. Henry, C. Eddy, V. Shamamian, K. Bussmann, S. Shi, and D. Prather, "Guided resonances in asymmetrical GaN photonic crystal slabs observed in the visible spectrum," Opt. Express 13, 6564-6571 (2005).
[CrossRef]

I. C. Robin, R. Andre, A. Balocchi, S. Carayon, S. Moehl, J. M. Gerard, and L. Ferlazzo, "Purcell effect for CdSe/ZnSe quantum dots placed into hybrid micropillars," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 233114 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Kobayashi, Y. Kanamori, and K. Hane, "Surface laser emission from solid polymer dye in a guided mode resonant grating filter structure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 151106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

P. Lodahl, A. Floris van Driel, I. S. Nikolaev, A. Irman, K. Overgaag, D. Vanmaekelbergh, and W. L. Vos, "Controlling the dynamics of spontaneous emission from quantum dots by photonic crystals," Nature 430 (654-657) (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Fujii, Y. Gao, R. Sharma, E. L. Hu, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, "Increase in the extraction efficiency of GaN-based light-emitting diodes via surface roughening," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 855 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

R. Magnusson, Y. Ding, K. J. Lee, D. Shin, P. S. Priambodo, P. P. Young, and T. A. Maldonado, "Photonic devices enabled by waveguide-mode resonance effects in periodically modulated films," Proc. SPIE 5225, 20 (2003).

2002 (1)

B. T. Cunningham, B. Lin, J. Qiu, P. Li, J. Pepper, and B. Hugh, "A plastic colorimetric resonant optical biosensor for multiparallel detection of label-free biochemical interactions," Sens. Act. B 81, 316-328 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

A. A. Erchak, D. J. Ripin, S. Fan, P. Rakich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. P. Ippen, G. S. Petrich, and L. A. Kolodziejski, "Enhanced coupling to vertical radiation using a two-dimensional photonic crystal in a semiconductor light-emitting diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 563-565 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

J. Vuckovic, M. Loncar, and A. Scherer, "Surface plasmon enhanced light-emitting diode," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1131-1144 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

M. Boroditsky, T. F. Krauss, R. Coccioli, R. Virjen, R. Bhat, and E. Yablonovitch, "Light extraction from optically pumped light-emitting diode by thin-slab photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1036-1038 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Boroditsky, R. Vrijen, T. F. Krauss, R. Coccioli, R. Bhat, and E. Yablonovitch, "Spontaneous emission extraction and purcell enhancement from thin-film 2-D photonic crystals," J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 2096-2112 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

W. L. Barnes, "Fluorescence near interfaces: the role of photonic mode density," J. Mod. Opt. 45, 661-699 (1998).

1997 (1)

D. Rosenblatt, A. Sharon, and A. A. Friesem, "Resonant grating waveguide structures," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2038-2059 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1992 (1)

R. Magnusson and S. S. Wang, "New principle for optical filters," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1022-1024 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

1989 (1)

H. L. Bertoni, L. H. S. Cheo, and T. Tamir, "Frequency selective reflection and transmission by a periodic dielectric layer," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 37, 78-83 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

E. Popov, L. Mashev, and D. Maystre, "Theoretical study of the anomalies of coated dielectric gratings," Opt. Acta 33, 607-619 (1986).

1965 (1)

1946 (1)

E. M. Purcell, "Spontaneous emission probabilities at radio frequencies," Phys. Rev 69, 681 (1946).
[CrossRef]

1907 (1)

L. Rayleigh, "On the dynamical theory of gratings," Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 79, 399-416 (1907).
[CrossRef]

1902 (1)

R. W. Wood, "On a remarkable case of uneven distribution of light in a diffraction grating spectrum," Philos. Mag. 4, 392-402 (1902).

Andre, R.

I. C. Robin, R. Andre, A. Balocchi, S. Carayon, S. Moehl, J. M. Gerard, and L. Ferlazzo, "Purcell effect for CdSe/ZnSe quantum dots placed into hybrid micropillars," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 233114 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Atkinson, P.

A. J. Bennett, D. J. P. Ellis, A. J. Shields, P. Atkinson, I. Farrer, and D. A. Ritchie, "Observation of the Purcell effect in high-index-contrast micropillars," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 191911 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bagby, J. S.

Balocchi, A.

I. C. Robin, R. Andre, A. Balocchi, S. Carayon, S. Moehl, J. M. Gerard, and L. Ferlazzo, "Purcell effect for CdSe/ZnSe quantum dots placed into hybrid micropillars," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 233114 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, "Fluorescence near interfaces: the role of photonic mode density," J. Mod. Opt. 45, 661-699 (1998).

Bennett, A. J.

A. J. Bennett, D. J. P. Ellis, A. J. Shields, P. Atkinson, I. Farrer, and D. A. Ritchie, "Observation of the Purcell effect in high-index-contrast micropillars," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 191911 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bertoni, H. L.

H. L. Bertoni, L. H. S. Cheo, and T. Tamir, "Frequency selective reflection and transmission by a periodic dielectric layer," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 37, 78-83 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Bhat, R.

M. Boroditsky, T. F. Krauss, R. Coccioli, R. Virjen, R. Bhat, and E. Yablonovitch, "Light extraction from optically pumped light-emitting diode by thin-slab photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1036-1038 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Boroditsky, R. Vrijen, T. F. Krauss, R. Coccioli, R. Bhat, and E. Yablonovitch, "Spontaneous emission extraction and purcell enhancement from thin-film 2-D photonic crystals," J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 2096-2112 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Boonruang, S.

Boroditsky, M.

M. Boroditsky, R. Vrijen, T. F. Krauss, R. Coccioli, R. Bhat, and E. Yablonovitch, "Spontaneous emission extraction and purcell enhancement from thin-film 2-D photonic crystals," J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 2096-2112 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Boroditsky, T. F. Krauss, R. Coccioli, R. Virjen, R. Bhat, and E. Yablonovitch, "Light extraction from optically pumped light-emitting diode by thin-slab photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1036-1038 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bussmann, K.

Carayon, S.

I. C. Robin, R. Andre, A. Balocchi, S. Carayon, S. Moehl, J. M. Gerard, and L. Ferlazzo, "Purcell effect for CdSe/ZnSe quantum dots placed into hybrid micropillars," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 233114 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Carter, M.

Case, J.

Catchpole, K. R.

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, G. Zhang, J. Zhao, and M. A. Green, "Enhanced emission from Si-based light-emitting diodes using surface plasmons," Appl. Phys. Lett.161102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cheo, L. H. S.

H. L. Bertoni, L. H. S. Cheo, and T. Tamir, "Frequency selective reflection and transmission by a periodic dielectric layer," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 37, 78-83 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Choi, B.-S.

B.-S. Choi, Y. Kanamori, and K. Hane, "Phase sensitive photodiode based on guided resonant absorption," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Coccioli, R.

M. Boroditsky, R. Vrijen, T. F. Krauss, R. Coccioli, R. Bhat, and E. Yablonovitch, "Spontaneous emission extraction and purcell enhancement from thin-film 2-D photonic crystals," J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 2096-2112 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Boroditsky, T. F. Krauss, R. Coccioli, R. Virjen, R. Bhat, and E. Yablonovitch, "Light extraction from optically pumped light-emitting diode by thin-slab photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1036-1038 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cunningham, B. T.

B. T. Cunningham, B. Lin, J. Qiu, P. Li, J. Pepper, and B. Hugh, "A plastic colorimetric resonant optical biosensor for multiparallel detection of label-free biochemical interactions," Sens. Act. B 81, 316-328 (2002).
[CrossRef]

DenBaars, S. P.

T. Fujii, Y. Gao, R. Sharma, E. L. Hu, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, "Increase in the extraction efficiency of GaN-based light-emitting diodes via surface roughening," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 855 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ding, Y.

R. Magnusson, Y. Ding, K. J. Lee, D. Shin, P. S. Priambodo, P. P. Young, and T. A. Maldonado, "Photonic devices enabled by waveguide-mode resonance effects in periodically modulated films," Proc. SPIE 5225, 20 (2003).

Eddy, C.

Ellis, D. J. P.

A. J. Bennett, D. J. P. Ellis, A. J. Shields, P. Atkinson, I. Farrer, and D. A. Ritchie, "Observation of the Purcell effect in high-index-contrast micropillars," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 191911 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Erchak, A. A.

A. A. Erchak, D. J. Ripin, S. Fan, P. Rakich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. P. Ippen, G. S. Petrich, and L. A. Kolodziejski, "Enhanced coupling to vertical radiation using a two-dimensional photonic crystal in a semiconductor light-emitting diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 563-565 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fan, S.

A. A. Erchak, D. J. Ripin, S. Fan, P. Rakich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. P. Ippen, G. S. Petrich, and L. A. Kolodziejski, "Enhanced coupling to vertical radiation using a two-dimensional photonic crystal in a semiconductor light-emitting diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 563-565 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Farrer, I.

A. J. Bennett, D. J. P. Ellis, A. J. Shields, P. Atkinson, I. Farrer, and D. A. Ritchie, "Observation of the Purcell effect in high-index-contrast micropillars," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 191911 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ferlazzo, L.

I. C. Robin, R. Andre, A. Balocchi, S. Carayon, S. Moehl, J. M. Gerard, and L. Ferlazzo, "Purcell effect for CdSe/ZnSe quantum dots placed into hybrid micropillars," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 233114 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Floris van Driel, A.

P. Lodahl, A. Floris van Driel, I. S. Nikolaev, A. Irman, K. Overgaag, D. Vanmaekelbergh, and W. L. Vos, "Controlling the dynamics of spontaneous emission from quantum dots by photonic crystals," Nature 430 (654-657) (2004).
[CrossRef]

Friesem, A. A.

D. Rosenblatt, A. Sharon, and A. A. Friesem, "Resonant grating waveguide structures," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2038-2059 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fujii, T.

T. Fujii, Y. Gao, R. Sharma, E. L. Hu, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, "Increase in the extraction efficiency of GaN-based light-emitting diodes via surface roughening," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 855 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gao, Y.

T. Fujii, Y. Gao, R. Sharma, E. L. Hu, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, "Increase in the extraction efficiency of GaN-based light-emitting diodes via surface roughening," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 855 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gerard, J. M.

I. C. Robin, R. Andre, A. Balocchi, S. Carayon, S. Moehl, J. M. Gerard, and L. Ferlazzo, "Purcell effect for CdSe/ZnSe quantum dots placed into hybrid micropillars," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 233114 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Green, M. A.

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, G. Zhang, J. Zhao, and M. A. Green, "Enhanced emission from Si-based light-emitting diodes using surface plasmons," Appl. Phys. Lett.161102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Greenwell, A.

Hane, K.

B.-S. Choi, Y. Kanamori, and K. Hane, "Phase sensitive photodiode based on guided resonant absorption," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Kobayashi, Y. Kanamori, and K. Hane, "Surface laser emission from solid polymer dye in a guided mode resonant grating filter structure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 151106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Henry, R.

Hessel, A.

Holm, R.

Hu, E. L.

T. Fujii, Y. Gao, R. Sharma, E. L. Hu, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, "Increase in the extraction efficiency of GaN-based light-emitting diodes via surface roughening," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 855 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hugh, B.

B. T. Cunningham, B. Lin, J. Qiu, P. Li, J. Pepper, and B. Hugh, "A plastic colorimetric resonant optical biosensor for multiparallel detection of label-free biochemical interactions," Sens. Act. B 81, 316-328 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

A. A. Erchak, D. J. Ripin, S. Fan, P. Rakich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. P. Ippen, G. S. Petrich, and L. A. Kolodziejski, "Enhanced coupling to vertical radiation using a two-dimensional photonic crystal in a semiconductor light-emitting diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 563-565 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Irman, A.

P. Lodahl, A. Floris van Driel, I. S. Nikolaev, A. Irman, K. Overgaag, D. Vanmaekelbergh, and W. L. Vos, "Controlling the dynamics of spontaneous emission from quantum dots by photonic crystals," Nature 430 (654-657) (2004).
[CrossRef]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

A. A. Erchak, D. J. Ripin, S. Fan, P. Rakich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. P. Ippen, G. S. Petrich, and L. A. Kolodziejski, "Enhanced coupling to vertical radiation using a two-dimensional photonic crystal in a semiconductor light-emitting diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 563-565 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kanamori, Y.

B.-S. Choi, Y. Kanamori, and K. Hane, "Phase sensitive photodiode based on guided resonant absorption," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Kobayashi, Y. Kanamori, and K. Hane, "Surface laser emission from solid polymer dye in a guided mode resonant grating filter structure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 151106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, M.

Kobayashi, T.

T. Kobayashi, Y. Kanamori, and K. Hane, "Surface laser emission from solid polymer dye in a guided mode resonant grating filter structure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 151106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kolodziejski, L. A.

A. A. Erchak, D. J. Ripin, S. Fan, P. Rakich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. P. Ippen, G. S. Petrich, and L. A. Kolodziejski, "Enhanced coupling to vertical radiation using a two-dimensional photonic crystal in a semiconductor light-emitting diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 563-565 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Krauss, T. F.

M. Boroditsky, R. Vrijen, T. F. Krauss, R. Coccioli, R. Bhat, and E. Yablonovitch, "Spontaneous emission extraction and purcell enhancement from thin-film 2-D photonic crystals," J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 2096-2112 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Boroditsky, T. F. Krauss, R. Coccioli, R. Virjen, R. Bhat, and E. Yablonovitch, "Light extraction from optically pumped light-emitting diode by thin-slab photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1036-1038 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K. J.

R. Magnusson, Y. Ding, K. J. Lee, D. Shin, P. S. Priambodo, P. P. Young, and T. A. Maldonado, "Photonic devices enabled by waveguide-mode resonance effects in periodically modulated films," Proc. SPIE 5225, 20 (2003).

Li, P.

B. T. Cunningham, B. Lin, J. Qiu, P. Li, J. Pepper, and B. Hugh, "A plastic colorimetric resonant optical biosensor for multiparallel detection of label-free biochemical interactions," Sens. Act. B 81, 316-328 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lin, B.

B. T. Cunningham, B. Lin, J. Qiu, P. Li, J. Pepper, and B. Hugh, "A plastic colorimetric resonant optical biosensor for multiparallel detection of label-free biochemical interactions," Sens. Act. B 81, 316-328 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lodahl, P.

P. Lodahl, A. Floris van Driel, I. S. Nikolaev, A. Irman, K. Overgaag, D. Vanmaekelbergh, and W. L. Vos, "Controlling the dynamics of spontaneous emission from quantum dots by photonic crystals," Nature 430 (654-657) (2004).
[CrossRef]

Loncar, M.

J. Vuckovic, M. Loncar, and A. Scherer, "Surface plasmon enhanced light-emitting diode," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1131-1144 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Magnusson, R.

R. Magnusson, Y. Ding, K. J. Lee, D. Shin, P. S. Priambodo, P. P. Young, and T. A. Maldonado, "Photonic devices enabled by waveguide-mode resonance effects in periodically modulated films," Proc. SPIE 5225, 20 (2003).

S. S. Wang and R. Magnusson, "Theory and applications of guided-mode resonance filters," Appl. Opt. 32, 2606-2613 (1993).

R. Magnusson and S. S. Wang, "New principle for optical filters," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1022-1024 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. S. Wang, R. Magnusson, and J. S. Bagby, "Guided-mode resonances in planar dielectric-layer diffraction gratings," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 7, 1470-1474 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Maldonado, T. A.

R. Magnusson, Y. Ding, K. J. Lee, D. Shin, P. S. Priambodo, P. P. Young, and T. A. Maldonado, "Photonic devices enabled by waveguide-mode resonance effects in periodically modulated films," Proc. SPIE 5225, 20 (2003).

Mashev, L.

E. Popov, L. Mashev, and D. Maystre, "Theoretical study of the anomalies of coated dielectric gratings," Opt. Acta 33, 607-619 (1986).

Maystre, D.

E. Popov, L. Mashev, and D. Maystre, "Theoretical study of the anomalies of coated dielectric gratings," Opt. Acta 33, 607-619 (1986).

Moehl, S.

I. C. Robin, R. Andre, A. Balocchi, S. Carayon, S. Moehl, J. M. Gerard, and L. Ferlazzo, "Purcell effect for CdSe/ZnSe quantum dots placed into hybrid micropillars," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 233114 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Moharam, M. G.

Nakamura, S.

T. Fujii, Y. Gao, R. Sharma, E. L. Hu, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, "Increase in the extraction efficiency of GaN-based light-emitting diodes via surface roughening," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 855 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nikolaev, I. S.

P. Lodahl, A. Floris van Driel, I. S. Nikolaev, A. Irman, K. Overgaag, D. Vanmaekelbergh, and W. L. Vos, "Controlling the dynamics of spontaneous emission from quantum dots by photonic crystals," Nature 430 (654-657) (2004).
[CrossRef]

Oliner, A. A.

Overgaag, K.

P. Lodahl, A. Floris van Driel, I. S. Nikolaev, A. Irman, K. Overgaag, D. Vanmaekelbergh, and W. L. Vos, "Controlling the dynamics of spontaneous emission from quantum dots by photonic crystals," Nature 430 (654-657) (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pepper, J.

B. T. Cunningham, B. Lin, J. Qiu, P. Li, J. Pepper, and B. Hugh, "A plastic colorimetric resonant optical biosensor for multiparallel detection of label-free biochemical interactions," Sens. Act. B 81, 316-328 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Petrich, G. S.

A. A. Erchak, D. J. Ripin, S. Fan, P. Rakich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. P. Ippen, G. S. Petrich, and L. A. Kolodziejski, "Enhanced coupling to vertical radiation using a two-dimensional photonic crystal in a semiconductor light-emitting diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 563-565 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pillai, S.

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, G. Zhang, J. Zhao, and M. A. Green, "Enhanced emission from Si-based light-emitting diodes using surface plasmons," Appl. Phys. Lett.161102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Popov, E.

E. Popov, L. Mashev, and D. Maystre, "Theoretical study of the anomalies of coated dielectric gratings," Opt. Acta 33, 607-619 (1986).

Prather, D.

Priambodo, P. S.

R. Magnusson, Y. Ding, K. J. Lee, D. Shin, P. S. Priambodo, P. P. Young, and T. A. Maldonado, "Photonic devices enabled by waveguide-mode resonance effects in periodically modulated films," Proc. SPIE 5225, 20 (2003).

Purcell, E. M.

E. M. Purcell, "Spontaneous emission probabilities at radio frequencies," Phys. Rev 69, 681 (1946).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

B. T. Cunningham, B. Lin, J. Qiu, P. Li, J. Pepper, and B. Hugh, "A plastic colorimetric resonant optical biosensor for multiparallel detection of label-free biochemical interactions," Sens. Act. B 81, 316-328 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rakich, P.

A. A. Erchak, D. J. Ripin, S. Fan, P. Rakich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. P. Ippen, G. S. Petrich, and L. A. Kolodziejski, "Enhanced coupling to vertical radiation using a two-dimensional photonic crystal in a semiconductor light-emitting diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 563-565 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rayleigh, L.

L. Rayleigh, "On the dynamical theory of gratings," Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 79, 399-416 (1907).
[CrossRef]

Ripin, D. J.

A. A. Erchak, D. J. Ripin, S. Fan, P. Rakich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. P. Ippen, G. S. Petrich, and L. A. Kolodziejski, "Enhanced coupling to vertical radiation using a two-dimensional photonic crystal in a semiconductor light-emitting diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 563-565 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ritchie, D. A.

A. J. Bennett, D. J. P. Ellis, A. J. Shields, P. Atkinson, I. Farrer, and D. A. Ritchie, "Observation of the Purcell effect in high-index-contrast micropillars," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 191911 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Robin, I. C.

I. C. Robin, R. Andre, A. Balocchi, S. Carayon, S. Moehl, J. M. Gerard, and L. Ferlazzo, "Purcell effect for CdSe/ZnSe quantum dots placed into hybrid micropillars," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 233114 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rosenberg, A.

Rosenblatt, D.

D. Rosenblatt, A. Sharon, and A. A. Friesem, "Resonant grating waveguide structures," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2038-2059 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, A.

J. Vuckovic, M. Loncar, and A. Scherer, "Surface plasmon enhanced light-emitting diode," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1131-1144 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Shamamian, V.

Sharma, R.

T. Fujii, Y. Gao, R. Sharma, E. L. Hu, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, "Increase in the extraction efficiency of GaN-based light-emitting diodes via surface roughening," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 855 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sharon, A.

D. Rosenblatt, A. Sharon, and A. A. Friesem, "Resonant grating waveguide structures," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2038-2059 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shi, S.

Shields, A. J.

A. J. Bennett, D. J. P. Ellis, A. J. Shields, P. Atkinson, I. Farrer, and D. A. Ritchie, "Observation of the Purcell effect in high-index-contrast micropillars," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 191911 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shin, D.

R. Magnusson, Y. Ding, K. J. Lee, D. Shin, P. S. Priambodo, P. P. Young, and T. A. Maldonado, "Photonic devices enabled by waveguide-mode resonance effects in periodically modulated films," Proc. SPIE 5225, 20 (2003).

Tamir, T.

H. L. Bertoni, L. H. S. Cheo, and T. Tamir, "Frequency selective reflection and transmission by a periodic dielectric layer," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 37, 78-83 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Trupke, T.

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, G. Zhang, J. Zhao, and M. A. Green, "Enhanced emission from Si-based light-emitting diodes using surface plasmons," Appl. Phys. Lett.161102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vanmaekelbergh, D.

P. Lodahl, A. Floris van Driel, I. S. Nikolaev, A. Irman, K. Overgaag, D. Vanmaekelbergh, and W. L. Vos, "Controlling the dynamics of spontaneous emission from quantum dots by photonic crystals," Nature 430 (654-657) (2004).
[CrossRef]

Virjen, R.

M. Boroditsky, T. F. Krauss, R. Coccioli, R. Virjen, R. Bhat, and E. Yablonovitch, "Light extraction from optically pumped light-emitting diode by thin-slab photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1036-1038 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Vos, W. L.

P. Lodahl, A. Floris van Driel, I. S. Nikolaev, A. Irman, K. Overgaag, D. Vanmaekelbergh, and W. L. Vos, "Controlling the dynamics of spontaneous emission from quantum dots by photonic crystals," Nature 430 (654-657) (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vrijen, R.

Vuckovic, J.

J. Vuckovic, M. Loncar, and A. Scherer, "Surface plasmon enhanced light-emitting diode," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1131-1144 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S. S.

Wood, R. W.

R. W. Wood, "On a remarkable case of uneven distribution of light in a diffraction grating spectrum," Philos. Mag. 4, 392-402 (1902).

Yablonovitch, E.

M. Boroditsky, T. F. Krauss, R. Coccioli, R. Virjen, R. Bhat, and E. Yablonovitch, "Light extraction from optically pumped light-emitting diode by thin-slab photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1036-1038 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Boroditsky, R. Vrijen, T. F. Krauss, R. Coccioli, R. Bhat, and E. Yablonovitch, "Spontaneous emission extraction and purcell enhancement from thin-film 2-D photonic crystals," J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 2096-2112 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Young, P. P.

R. Magnusson, Y. Ding, K. J. Lee, D. Shin, P. S. Priambodo, P. P. Young, and T. A. Maldonado, "Photonic devices enabled by waveguide-mode resonance effects in periodically modulated films," Proc. SPIE 5225, 20 (2003).

Zhang, G.

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, G. Zhang, J. Zhao, and M. A. Green, "Enhanced emission from Si-based light-emitting diodes using surface plasmons," Appl. Phys. Lett.161102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, J.

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, G. Zhang, J. Zhao, and M. A. Green, "Enhanced emission from Si-based light-emitting diodes using surface plasmons," Appl. Phys. Lett.161102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (9)

A. J. Bennett, D. J. P. Ellis, A. J. Shields, P. Atkinson, I. Farrer, and D. A. Ritchie, "Observation of the Purcell effect in high-index-contrast micropillars," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 191911 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. C. Robin, R. Andre, A. Balocchi, S. Carayon, S. Moehl, J. M. Gerard, and L. Ferlazzo, "Purcell effect for CdSe/ZnSe quantum dots placed into hybrid micropillars," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 233114 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, G. Zhang, J. Zhao, and M. A. Green, "Enhanced emission from Si-based light-emitting diodes using surface plasmons," Appl. Phys. Lett.161102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Fujii, Y. Gao, R. Sharma, E. L. Hu, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, "Increase in the extraction efficiency of GaN-based light-emitting diodes via surface roughening," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 855 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Boroditsky, T. F. Krauss, R. Coccioli, R. Virjen, R. Bhat, and E. Yablonovitch, "Light extraction from optically pumped light-emitting diode by thin-slab photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1036-1038 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Erchak, D. J. Ripin, S. Fan, P. Rakich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. P. Ippen, G. S. Petrich, and L. A. Kolodziejski, "Enhanced coupling to vertical radiation using a two-dimensional photonic crystal in a semiconductor light-emitting diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 563-565 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Magnusson and S. S. Wang, "New principle for optical filters," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1022-1024 (1992).
[CrossRef]

B.-S. Choi, Y. Kanamori, and K. Hane, "Phase sensitive photodiode based on guided resonant absorption," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Kobayashi, Y. Kanamori, and K. Hane, "Surface laser emission from solid polymer dye in a guided mode resonant grating filter structure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 151106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

D. Rosenblatt, A. Sharon, and A. A. Friesem, "Resonant grating waveguide structures," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2038-2059 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Vuckovic, M. Loncar, and A. Scherer, "Surface plasmon enhanced light-emitting diode," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1131-1144 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. (1)

H. L. Bertoni, L. H. S. Cheo, and T. Tamir, "Frequency selective reflection and transmission by a periodic dielectric layer," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 37, 78-83 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

W. L. Barnes, "Fluorescence near interfaces: the role of photonic mode density," J. Mod. Opt. 45, 661-699 (1998).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Nature (1)

P. Lodahl, A. Floris van Driel, I. S. Nikolaev, A. Irman, K. Overgaag, D. Vanmaekelbergh, and W. L. Vos, "Controlling the dynamics of spontaneous emission from quantum dots by photonic crystals," Nature 430 (654-657) (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Acta (1)

E. Popov, L. Mashev, and D. Maystre, "Theoretical study of the anomalies of coated dielectric gratings," Opt. Acta 33, 607-619 (1986).

Opt. Express (1)

Philos. Mag. (1)

R. W. Wood, "On a remarkable case of uneven distribution of light in a diffraction grating spectrum," Philos. Mag. 4, 392-402 (1902).

Phys. Rev (1)

E. M. Purcell, "Spontaneous emission probabilities at radio frequencies," Phys. Rev 69, 681 (1946).
[CrossRef]

Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A (1)

L. Rayleigh, "On the dynamical theory of gratings," Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 79, 399-416 (1907).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

R. Magnusson, Y. Ding, K. J. Lee, D. Shin, P. S. Priambodo, P. P. Young, and T. A. Maldonado, "Photonic devices enabled by waveguide-mode resonance effects in periodically modulated films," Proc. SPIE 5225, 20 (2003).

Sens. Act. B (1)

B. T. Cunningham, B. Lin, J. Qiu, P. Li, J. Pepper, and B. Hugh, "A plastic colorimetric resonant optical biosensor for multiparallel detection of label-free biochemical interactions," Sens. Act. B 81, 316-328 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

Rsoft DiffractMOD, "RSoft Design Group."

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