Abstract

We present a design for a novel carrier to envelope phase stable optical parametric chirped pulse amplification source in the mid-infrared. We calculate the amplification of a 3.1µm seed pulse, generated via DFG from a two-colour fibre laser, using a fully three dimensional OPCPA code. We combine this with a ray-tracing code to model pulse compression using a grating compressor and a deformable mirror for programmable phase compensation. The simulation models the complete system based on FROG measurements of the commercially available fibre laser, ensuring the simulation is realistic. The obtained results indicate energetic pulses of 56 fs duration, corresponding to 5.2 cycles, can be produced with calculated pulse energies of up to 9.6µJ at a central wavelength of 3.3µm.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

2008 (4)

M. J. Thorpe and J. Ye, "Cavity-enhanced direct frequency comb spectroscopy" Appl. Phys. B 91, 397-414 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Mazzone, "Analysis of Volatile Organic Compounds in the Exhaled Breath for the Diagnosis of Lung Cancer," J. Thoracic Oncology 3, 774-780 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Kling and F. Krausz, " Attoscience: An attosecond stopwatch" Nature Phys. 4, 515-516 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Popmintchev, M. Chen, O. Cohen, M. E. Grisham, J. J. Rocca, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Extended phase matching of high harmonics driven by mid-infrared light," Opt. Lett. 33, 2128-2130 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (6)

2006 (3)

2005 (5)

2004 (2)

P. Schlup, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, G. Arisholm, and U. Keller, "Design of a sub-13-fs, multi-gigawatt chirped pulse optical parametric amplification system," Appl. Phys. B 79, 285-288 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

F. Tittel, D. Richter, and A. Fried, " Mid-infrared laser applications in spectroscopy," Solid State Mid-Infrared Laser Sources 89, 445-510 (2003).

J. Garduno-Mejia, A. H. Greenaway, and D. T. Reid, "Designer femtosecond pulses using adaptive optics," Opt. Express 11, 2030-2040 (2003)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

A. Baltuska, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, "Controlling the carrier-envelope phase of ultrashort light pulses with optical parametric amplifiers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 133901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

T. Weber, K. Khayyat, R. Dorner, V. Mergel, O. Jagutzki, L. Schmidt, F. Afaneh, a. Gonzalez, C. Cocke, A. Landers, and H. Schmidt-bocking, " Kinematically complete investigation of momentum transfer for single ionization in fast proton-helium collisions," J. Phys. B 33, 3331-3344 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (4)

1998 (1)

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, "Toward a terawatt-scale sub-10-fs laser technology," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 414-420 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, "The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers," Opt. Commun. 144, 125-133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, "Powerful Femtosecond Pulse Generation By Chirped And Stretched Pulse Parametric Amplification In Bbo Crystal," Opt. Commun. 88, 437-440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Adel, P.

Adler, F.

Afaneh, F.

T. Weber, K. Khayyat, R. Dorner, V. Mergel, O. Jagutzki, L. Schmidt, F. Afaneh, a. Gonzalez, C. Cocke, A. Landers, and H. Schmidt-bocking, " Kinematically complete investigation of momentum transfer for single ionization in fast proton-helium collisions," J. Phys. B 33, 3331-3344 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Agostini, P.

J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salieres, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, " Scaling of wave-packet dynamics in an intense midinfrared field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 013901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Sheehy, J. Martin, L. F. Dimauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, M. Gaarde, and K. C. Kulander, "High harmonic generation at long wavelengths," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 5270 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Arisholm, G.

P. Schlup, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, G. Arisholm, and U. Keller, "Design of a sub-13-fs, multi-gigawatt chirped pulse optical parametric amplification system," Appl. Phys. B 79, 285-288 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Arisholm, "Quantum noise initiation and macroscopic fluctuations in optical parametric oscillators," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 117-127 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Auguste, T.

J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salieres, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, " Scaling of wave-packet dynamics in an intense midinfrared field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 013901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baltuska, A.

Bates, P. K.

Benedetti, E.

Biegert, J.

C. Erny, K. Moutzouris, J. Biegert, D. Khlke, F. Adler, A. Leitensdorfer, and U. Keller, "Mid-infrared differencefrequency generation of ultrashort pulses tunable between 3.2 and 4.8 μm from a compact fiber source," Opt. Lett. 32, 1138-1140 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Schlup, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, G. Arisholm, and U. Keller, "Design of a sub-13-fs, multi-gigawatt chirped pulse optical parametric amplification system," Appl. Phys. B 79, 285-288 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Butkus, R.

Calegari, F.

Camp, M.

K. Namjou, C. Roller, T. Reich, J. Jeffers, G. McMillen, P. McCann, and M. Camp, "Determination of exhaled nitric oxide distributions in a diverse sample population using tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy," Appl. Phys. B 85, 427 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cerullo, G.

Charukhchev, A. V.

V. V. Lozhkarev, S. G. Garanin, R. R. Gerke, V. N. Ginzburg, E. V. Katin, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Mal’shakov, M. A. Mart’yanov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, A. M. Sergeev, S. A. Sukharev, G. I. Freidman, E. A. Khazanov, A. V. Charukhchev, A. A. Shaikin, and I. V. Yakovlev, "100-TW femtosecond laser based on parametric amplification," JETP Lett. 82, 178-180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chekhlov, O. V.

Chen, M.

Cheng, Z.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, "Toward a terawatt-scale sub-10-fs laser technology," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 414-420 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, O.

Collier, J. L.

O. V. Chekhlov, J. L. Collier, I. N. Ross, P. K. Bates, M. Notley, C. Hernandez-Gomez, W. Shaikh, C. N. Danson, D. Neely, P. Matousek, and S. Hancock, "35 J broadband femtosecond optical parametric chirped pulse amplification system," Opt. Lett. 31, 3665-3667 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, "The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers," Opt. Commun. 144, 125-133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P. B.

P. B. Corkum and F. Krausz. "Attosecond science," Nature Phys 3, 381-387 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Curl, R. F.

Danielius, R.

Danson, C. N.

De Silvestri, S.

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, S. Gasilov, G. Sansone, G. Cerullo,M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, " Millijoule-level phase-stabilized few-optical-cycle infrared parametric source," Opt. Lett. 32, 2957-2959 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, "Toward a terawatt-scale sub-10-fs laser technology," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 414-420 (1998).
[CrossRef]

DiMauro, L. F.

J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salieres, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, " Scaling of wave-packet dynamics in an intense midinfrared field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 013901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Sheehy, J. Martin, L. F. Dimauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, M. Gaarde, and K. C. Kulander, "High harmonic generation at long wavelengths," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 5270 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dorner, R.

T. Weber, K. Khayyat, R. Dorner, V. Mergel, O. Jagutzki, L. Schmidt, F. Afaneh, a. Gonzalez, C. Cocke, A. Landers, and H. Schmidt-bocking, " Kinematically complete investigation of momentum transfer for single ionization in fast proton-helium collisions," J. Phys. B 33, 3331-3344 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dubietis, A.

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, "Powerful Femtosecond Pulse Generation By Chirped And Stretched Pulse Parametric Amplification In Bbo Crystal," Opt. Commun. 88, 437-440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Eikema, K. S. E.

Erny, C.

Forget, N.

Freidman, G. I.

V. V. Lozhkarev, S. G. Garanin, R. R. Gerke, V. N. Ginzburg, E. V. Katin, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Mal’shakov, M. A. Mart’yanov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, A. M. Sergeev, S. A. Sukharev, G. I. Freidman, E. A. Khazanov, A. V. Charukhchev, A. A. Shaikin, and I. V. Yakovlev, "100-TW femtosecond laser based on parametric amplification," JETP Lett. 82, 178-180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fried, A.

F. Tittel, D. Richter, and A. Fried, " Mid-infrared laser applications in spectroscopy," Solid State Mid-Infrared Laser Sources 89, 445-510 (2003).

Fuji, T.

Gaarde, M.

B. Sheehy, J. Martin, L. F. Dimauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, M. Gaarde, and K. C. Kulander, "High harmonic generation at long wavelengths," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 5270 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Galvanauskas, A.

Garanin, S. G.

V. V. Lozhkarev, S. G. Garanin, R. R. Gerke, V. N. Ginzburg, E. V. Katin, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Mal’shakov, M. A. Mart’yanov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, A. M. Sergeev, S. A. Sukharev, G. I. Freidman, E. A. Khazanov, A. V. Charukhchev, A. A. Shaikin, and I. V. Yakovlev, "100-TW femtosecond laser based on parametric amplification," JETP Lett. 82, 178-180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Garduno-Mejia, J.

Gasilov, S.

Gerke, R. R.

V. V. Lozhkarev, S. G. Garanin, R. R. Gerke, V. N. Ginzburg, E. V. Katin, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Mal’shakov, M. A. Mart’yanov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, A. M. Sergeev, S. A. Sukharev, G. I. Freidman, E. A. Khazanov, A. V. Charukhchev, A. A. Shaikin, and I. V. Yakovlev, "100-TW femtosecond laser based on parametric amplification," JETP Lett. 82, 178-180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ginzburg, V. N.

V. V. Lozhkarev, S. G. Garanin, R. R. Gerke, V. N. Ginzburg, E. V. Katin, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Mal’shakov, M. A. Mart’yanov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, A. M. Sergeev, S. A. Sukharev, G. I. Freidman, E. A. Khazanov, A. V. Charukhchev, A. A. Shaikin, and I. V. Yakovlev, "100-TW femtosecond laser based on parametric amplification," JETP Lett. 82, 178-180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Goldberg, L.

Gordon, A.

Greenaway, A. H.

Grisham, M. E.

Grosche, G.

Gu, X.

Hancock, S.

Hansch, T. W.

Hauri, C.

C. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hauri, C. P.

P. Schlup, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, G. Arisholm, and U. Keller, "Design of a sub-13-fs, multi-gigawatt chirped pulse optical parametric amplification system," Appl. Phys. B 79, 285-288 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Helbing, F.

C. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hernandez-Gomez, C.

Hogervorst, W.

Holzwarth, R.

Huber, R.

Ishii, N.

Jagutzki, O.

T. Weber, K. Khayyat, R. Dorner, V. Mergel, O. Jagutzki, L. Schmidt, F. Afaneh, a. Gonzalez, C. Cocke, A. Landers, and H. Schmidt-bocking, " Kinematically complete investigation of momentum transfer for single ionization in fast proton-helium collisions," J. Phys. B 33, 3331-3344 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jeffers, J.

K. Namjou, C. Roller, T. Reich, J. Jeffers, G. McMillen, P. McCann, and M. Camp, "Determination of exhaled nitric oxide distributions in a diverse sample population using tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy," Appl. Phys. B 85, 427 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jonusauskas, G.

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, "Powerful Femtosecond Pulse Generation By Chirped And Stretched Pulse Parametric Amplification In Bbo Crystal," Opt. Commun. 88, 437-440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kaertner, F.

Kaplan, D.

Kapteyn, H. C.

Katin, E. V.

V. V. Lozhkarev, S. G. Garanin, R. R. Gerke, V. N. Ginzburg, E. V. Katin, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Mal’shakov, M. A. Mart’yanov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, A. M. Sergeev, S. A. Sukharev, G. I. Freidman, E. A. Khazanov, A. V. Charukhchev, A. A. Shaikin, and I. V. Yakovlev, "100-TW femtosecond laser based on parametric amplification," JETP Lett. 82, 178-180 (2005).
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C. Erny, K. Moutzouris, J. Biegert, D. Khlke, F. Adler, A. Leitensdorfer, and U. Keller, "Mid-infrared differencefrequency generation of ultrashort pulses tunable between 3.2 and 4.8 μm from a compact fiber source," Opt. Lett. 32, 1138-1140 (2007).
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T. Weber, K. Khayyat, R. Dorner, V. Mergel, O. Jagutzki, L. Schmidt, F. Afaneh, a. Gonzalez, C. Cocke, A. Landers, and H. Schmidt-bocking, " Kinematically complete investigation of momentum transfer for single ionization in fast proton-helium collisions," J. Phys. B 33, 3331-3344 (2000).
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V. V. Lozhkarev, S. G. Garanin, R. R. Gerke, V. N. Ginzburg, E. V. Katin, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Mal’shakov, M. A. Mart’yanov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, A. M. Sergeev, S. A. Sukharev, G. I. Freidman, E. A. Khazanov, A. V. Charukhchev, A. A. Shaikin, and I. V. Yakovlev, "100-TW femtosecond laser based on parametric amplification," JETP Lett. 82, 178-180 (2005).
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Khlke, D.

Kirsanov, A. V.

V. V. Lozhkarev, S. G. Garanin, R. R. Gerke, V. N. Ginzburg, E. V. Katin, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Mal’shakov, M. A. Mart’yanov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, A. M. Sergeev, S. A. Sukharev, G. I. Freidman, E. A. Khazanov, A. V. Charukhchev, A. A. Shaikin, and I. V. Yakovlev, "100-TW femtosecond laser based on parametric amplification," JETP Lett. 82, 178-180 (2005).
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M. Kling and F. Krausz, " Attoscience: An attosecond stopwatch" Nature Phys. 4, 515-516 (2008).
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M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, "Toward a terawatt-scale sub-10-fs laser technology," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 414-420 (1998).
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Kubina, P.

Kulander, K. C.

B. Sheehy, J. Martin, L. F. Dimauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, M. Gaarde, and K. C. Kulander, "High harmonic generation at long wavelengths," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 5270 (1999).
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Lancaster, D. G.

Langley, A. J.

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, "The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers," Opt. Commun. 144, 125-133 (1997).
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Leitensdorfer, A.

Leitenstorfer, A.

Lipphardt, B.

Lozhkarev, V. V.

V. V. Lozhkarev, S. G. Garanin, R. R. Gerke, V. N. Ginzburg, E. V. Katin, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Mal’shakov, M. A. Mart’yanov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, A. M. Sergeev, S. A. Sukharev, G. I. Freidman, E. A. Khazanov, A. V. Charukhchev, A. A. Shaikin, and I. V. Yakovlev, "100-TW femtosecond laser based on parametric amplification," JETP Lett. 82, 178-180 (2005).
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V. V. Lozhkarev, S. G. Garanin, R. R. Gerke, V. N. Ginzburg, E. V. Katin, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Mal’shakov, M. A. Mart’yanov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, A. M. Sergeev, S. A. Sukharev, G. I. Freidman, E. A. Khazanov, A. V. Charukhchev, A. A. Shaikin, and I. V. Yakovlev, "100-TW femtosecond laser based on parametric amplification," JETP Lett. 82, 178-180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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V. V. Lozhkarev, S. G. Garanin, R. R. Gerke, V. N. Ginzburg, E. V. Katin, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Mal’shakov, M. A. Mart’yanov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, A. M. Sergeev, S. A. Sukharev, G. I. Freidman, E. A. Khazanov, A. V. Charukhchev, A. A. Shaikin, and I. V. Yakovlev, "100-TW femtosecond laser based on parametric amplification," JETP Lett. 82, 178-180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mart’yanov, M. A.

V. V. Lozhkarev, S. G. Garanin, R. R. Gerke, V. N. Ginzburg, E. V. Katin, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Mal’shakov, M. A. Mart’yanov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, A. M. Sergeev, S. A. Sukharev, G. I. Freidman, E. A. Khazanov, A. V. Charukhchev, A. A. Shaikin, and I. V. Yakovlev, "100-TW femtosecond laser based on parametric amplification," JETP Lett. 82, 178-180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Martin, J.

B. Sheehy, J. Martin, L. F. Dimauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, M. Gaarde, and K. C. Kulander, "High harmonic generation at long wavelengths," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 5270 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Matousek, P.

O. V. Chekhlov, J. L. Collier, I. N. Ross, P. K. Bates, M. Notley, C. Hernandez-Gomez, W. Shaikh, C. N. Danson, D. Neely, P. Matousek, and S. Hancock, "35 J broadband femtosecond optical parametric chirped pulse amplification system," Opt. Lett. 31, 3665-3667 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, "The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers," Opt. Commun. 144, 125-133 (1997).
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P. Mazzone, "Analysis of Volatile Organic Compounds in the Exhaled Breath for the Diagnosis of Lung Cancer," J. Thoracic Oncology 3, 774-780 (2008).
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K. Namjou, C. Roller, T. Reich, J. Jeffers, G. McMillen, P. McCann, and M. Camp, "Determination of exhaled nitric oxide distributions in a diverse sample population using tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy," Appl. Phys. B 85, 427 (2006).
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K. Namjou, C. Roller, T. Reich, J. Jeffers, G. McMillen, P. McCann, and M. Camp, "Determination of exhaled nitric oxide distributions in a diverse sample population using tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy," Appl. Phys. B 85, 427 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mergel, V.

T. Weber, K. Khayyat, R. Dorner, V. Mergel, O. Jagutzki, L. Schmidt, F. Afaneh, a. Gonzalez, C. Cocke, A. Landers, and H. Schmidt-bocking, " Kinematically complete investigation of momentum transfer for single ionization in fast proton-helium collisions," J. Phys. B 33, 3331-3344 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Metzger, T.

Moutzouris, K.

Muller, H. G.

J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salieres, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, " Scaling of wave-packet dynamics in an intense midinfrared field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 013901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murnane, M. M.

Namjou, K.

K. Namjou, C. Roller, T. Reich, J. Jeffers, G. McMillen, P. McCann, and M. Camp, "Determination of exhaled nitric oxide distributions in a diverse sample population using tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy," Appl. Phys. B 85, 427 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Neely, D.

Nisoli, M.

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, S. Gasilov, G. Sansone, G. Cerullo,M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, " Millijoule-level phase-stabilized few-optical-cycle infrared parametric source," Opt. Lett. 32, 2957-2959 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, "Toward a terawatt-scale sub-10-fs laser technology," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 414-420 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Noack, F.

Notley, M.

Palashov, O. V.

V. V. Lozhkarev, S. G. Garanin, R. R. Gerke, V. N. Ginzburg, E. V. Katin, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Mal’shakov, M. A. Mart’yanov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, A. M. Sergeev, S. A. Sukharev, G. I. Freidman, E. A. Khazanov, A. V. Charukhchev, A. A. Shaikin, and I. V. Yakovlev, "100-TW femtosecond laser based on parametric amplification," JETP Lett. 82, 178-180 (2005).
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Petrov, V.

Piskarskas, A.

N. Ishii, L. Turi, V. S. Yakovlev, T. Fuji, F. Krausz, A. Baltuska, R. Butkus, G. Veitas, V. Smilgevicius, R. Danielius, and A. Piskarskas, "Multimillijoule chirped parametric amplification of few-cycle pulses," Opt. Lett. 30, 567-569 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, "Powerful Femtosecond Pulse Generation By Chirped And Stretched Pulse Parametric Amplification In Bbo Crystal," Opt. Commun. 88, 437-440 (1992).
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V. V. Lozhkarev, S. G. Garanin, R. R. Gerke, V. N. Ginzburg, E. V. Katin, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Mal’shakov, M. A. Mart’yanov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, A. M. Sergeev, S. A. Sukharev, G. I. Freidman, E. A. Khazanov, A. V. Charukhchev, A. A. Shaikin, and I. V. Yakovlev, "100-TW femtosecond laser based on parametric amplification," JETP Lett. 82, 178-180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Reich, T.

K. Namjou, C. Roller, T. Reich, J. Jeffers, G. McMillen, P. McCann, and M. Camp, "Determination of exhaled nitric oxide distributions in a diverse sample population using tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy," Appl. Phys. B 85, 427 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Reid, D. T.

Richter, D.

Rocca, J. J.

Roller, C.

K. Namjou, C. Roller, T. Reich, J. Jeffers, G. McMillen, P. McCann, and M. Camp, "Determination of exhaled nitric oxide distributions in a diverse sample population using tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy," Appl. Phys. B 85, 427 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ross, I. N.

O. V. Chekhlov, J. L. Collier, I. N. Ross, P. K. Bates, M. Notley, C. Hernandez-Gomez, W. Shaikh, C. N. Danson, D. Neely, P. Matousek, and S. Hancock, "35 J broadband femtosecond optical parametric chirped pulse amplification system," Opt. Lett. 31, 3665-3667 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, "The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers," Opt. Commun. 144, 125-133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rotermund, F.

Rukavishnikov, N. N.

V. V. Lozhkarev, S. G. Garanin, R. R. Gerke, V. N. Ginzburg, E. V. Katin, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Mal’shakov, M. A. Mart’yanov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, A. M. Sergeev, S. A. Sukharev, G. I. Freidman, E. A. Khazanov, A. V. Charukhchev, A. A. Shaikin, and I. V. Yakovlev, "100-TW femtosecond laser based on parametric amplification," JETP Lett. 82, 178-180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salieres, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, " Scaling of wave-packet dynamics in an intense midinfrared field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 013901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sansone, G.

Sartania, S.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, "Toward a terawatt-scale sub-10-fs laser technology," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 414-420 (1998).
[CrossRef]

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B. Sheehy, J. Martin, L. F. Dimauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, M. Gaarde, and K. C. Kulander, "High harmonic generation at long wavelengths," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 5270 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schlup, P.

P. Schlup, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, G. Arisholm, and U. Keller, "Design of a sub-13-fs, multi-gigawatt chirped pulse optical parametric amplification system," Appl. Phys. B 79, 285-288 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, L.

T. Weber, K. Khayyat, R. Dorner, V. Mergel, O. Jagutzki, L. Schmidt, F. Afaneh, a. Gonzalez, C. Cocke, A. Landers, and H. Schmidt-bocking, " Kinematically complete investigation of momentum transfer for single ionization in fast proton-helium collisions," J. Phys. B 33, 3331-3344 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schnatz, H.

Sell, A.

Sergeev, A. M.

V. V. Lozhkarev, S. G. Garanin, R. R. Gerke, V. N. Ginzburg, E. V. Katin, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Mal’shakov, M. A. Mart’yanov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, A. M. Sergeev, S. A. Sukharev, G. I. Freidman, E. A. Khazanov, A. V. Charukhchev, A. A. Shaikin, and I. V. Yakovlev, "100-TW femtosecond laser based on parametric amplification," JETP Lett. 82, 178-180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shaikh, W.

Shaikin, A. A.

V. V. Lozhkarev, S. G. Garanin, R. R. Gerke, V. N. Ginzburg, E. V. Katin, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Mal’shakov, M. A. Mart’yanov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, A. M. Sergeev, S. A. Sukharev, G. I. Freidman, E. A. Khazanov, A. V. Charukhchev, A. A. Shaikin, and I. V. Yakovlev, "100-TW femtosecond laser based on parametric amplification," JETP Lett. 82, 178-180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sheehy, B.

B. Sheehy, J. Martin, L. F. Dimauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, M. Gaarde, and K. C. Kulander, "High harmonic generation at long wavelengths," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 5270 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Smilgevicius, V.

Sotier, F.

Spielmann, C.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, "Toward a terawatt-scale sub-10-fs laser technology," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 414-420 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Stagira, S.

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, S. Gasilov, G. Sansone, G. Cerullo,M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, " Millijoule-level phase-stabilized few-optical-cycle infrared parametric source," Opt. Lett. 32, 2957-2959 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, "Toward a terawatt-scale sub-10-fs laser technology," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 414-420 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sukharev, S. A.

V. V. Lozhkarev, S. G. Garanin, R. R. Gerke, V. N. Ginzburg, E. V. Katin, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Mal’shakov, M. A. Mart’yanov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, A. M. Sergeev, S. A. Sukharev, G. I. Freidman, E. A. Khazanov, A. V. Charukhchev, A. A. Shaikin, and I. V. Yakovlev, "100-TW femtosecond laser based on parametric amplification," JETP Lett. 82, 178-180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, T.

Svelto, O.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, "Toward a terawatt-scale sub-10-fs laser technology," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 414-420 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tate, J.

J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salieres, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, " Scaling of wave-packet dynamics in an intense midinfrared field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 013901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Teisset, C. Y.

Tempea, G.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, "Toward a terawatt-scale sub-10-fs laser technology," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 414-420 (1998).
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M. J. Thorpe and J. Ye, "Cavity-enhanced direct frequency comb spectroscopy" Appl. Phys. B 91, 397-414 (2008).
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Tittel, F. K.

Towrie, M.

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, "The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers," Opt. Commun. 144, 125-133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Turi, L.

Veitas, G.

Vozzi, C.

Weber, T.

T. Weber, K. Khayyat, R. Dorner, V. Mergel, O. Jagutzki, L. Schmidt, F. Afaneh, a. Gonzalez, C. Cocke, A. Landers, and H. Schmidt-bocking, " Kinematically complete investigation of momentum transfer for single ionization in fast proton-helium collisions," J. Phys. B 33, 3331-3344 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Witte, S.

Wittmann, M.

Yakovlev, I. V.

V. V. Lozhkarev, S. G. Garanin, R. R. Gerke, V. N. Ginzburg, E. V. Katin, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Mal’shakov, M. A. Mart’yanov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, A. M. Sergeev, S. A. Sukharev, G. I. Freidman, E. A. Khazanov, A. V. Charukhchev, A. A. Shaikin, and I. V. Yakovlev, "100-TW femtosecond laser based on parametric amplification," JETP Lett. 82, 178-180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yakovlev, V. S.

Ye, J.

M. J. Thorpe and J. Ye, "Cavity-enhanced direct frequency comb spectroscopy" Appl. Phys. B 91, 397-414 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zinkstok, R. T.

Appl. Phys. B (4)

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Mid-IR OPCPA design concept: a commercial fibre laser provides pulses at 1050 and 1550 nm, which are combined through DFG to generate 3.4 µm radiation (HNLF - highly non-linear fibre). The mid-IR DFG output is downchirped in a bulk stretcher and amplified in an OPCPA stage, using a commercial 100 kHz Nd:YVO4 laser as a pump. Finally, the amplified pulse is compressed by a grating compressor (R1 - retro-reflector).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

The retrieved spectral phase and intensity from a FROG measurement of the two arms of a Erbium doped fibre laser. The pulse durations of the 1070 nm arm (left) and 1550 nm arm (right) are 34 and 65 fs respectively. This data is used to create the input pulses for our OPCPA simulation.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The calculated output of the DFG stage. The left column shows the temporal intensity (I, blue) and instantaneous frequency (wInst, green) for, from top to bottom, the idler, signal and pump pulses. The right hand column shows the corresponding spectral intensity (S, blue) and phase (green). The generated idler lies in the mid-IR with spectral coverage from 2.8–3.6 µm. The idler intensity is strongly modulated, but as can be seen in Fig 4, this modulation is reduced in the OPCPA process.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

The calculated output after the OPCPA stage. The left column shows the temporal intensity (I, blue) and instantaneous frequency (wInst, green) for the idler, signal and pump pulses. The right hand column shows the corresponding spectral intensity (S, blue) and phase (green). The amplified mid-IR idler wave now has a smoother spectral profile, with spectral coverage from 2.8–3.5 µm. The spectral phase indicates a strong, mainly second order down-chirp after the stretching process. The broad bandwidth and opposite chirp of the signal wave are as expected from the OPA interaction between a narrowband pump and broadband idler.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

The left graph shows the pulse in the temporal domain, after compression to 56 fs with (green) the deformable mirror. The blue line shows the 73 fs FWHMcompressed pulse without the deformable mirror compensation. The right hand graph shows the spectrum and residual spectral phase that must be corrected by the deformable mirror, which is less than 0.06 radians across the entire spectrum.

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