Abstract

A short Bi doped fiber laser operating in the wavelength region of 1160–1179 nm has been demonstrated. The influence of unsaturable loss on laser performance is investigated. Excited state absorption in Bi doped germano-alumino silicate fiber is reported in the 900–1300 nm wavelength range under 800 and 1047 nm pumping. Bi luminescence and fluorescence decay properties under different pumping wavelengths are also investigated.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. N. S. Sadick and R. Weiss, "The utilization of a new yellow light laser (578 nm) for the treatment of class I red telangiectasia of the lower extremities," Dermatol Surg. 28, 21-25 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, "Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system," Science 277, 1649-1652 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, "Infrared luminescence from Bismuth-doped silicate glass," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L279-L281 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, I. Yang, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, "Bismuth- and aluminum-codoped germanium oxide glasses for super-broadband optical amplification," Opt. Lett. 29, 1998-2000 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. X. Meng, J. Qiu, M. Peng, D. Chen, Q. Zhao, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, "Near infrared broadband emission of bismuth-doped aluminophosphate glass," Opt. Express 13, 1628-1634 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, and C. Zhu, "Superbroadband 1310 nm emission from bismuth and tantalum codoped germanium oxide glasses," Opt. Lett. 30, 2433-2435 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoryn, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur’yanov, "CW bismuth fiber laser," Quantum Electron. 35, 1083-1084 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. E. M. Dianov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, O. I. Medvedkov, and I. A. Bufetov, "High-power cw bismuth-fiber lasers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1749-1755 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. B. Rulkov, A. A. Ferin, S. V. Popov, J. R. Taylor, I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, and G. Bouwmans, "Narrow-line, 1178 nm CW bismuth-doped fiber laser with 6.4 W output for direct frequency doubling," Opt. Express 15, 5473-5476 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov,"Efficient Bismuth-Doped Fiber Lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 834-840 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic Press, San Diego, 2001).
  12. J. E. Román, M. Hempstead, C. Ye, S. Nouh, P. Camy, P. Laborde, and C. Lerminiaux, "1.7 µm excited state absorption measurement in erbium-doped glasses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 470-472 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  13. I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, "Visible luminescence and up-conversion processes in Bi-doped silica-based fibers pumped by IR radiation," in Proceedings of ECOC 2008, Brussels, Belgium, paper, Tu.3.B.4.
  14. M. Grinberg, D. L. Russell, K. Holliday, K. Wisniewski, and Cz . Koepke, "Continuous function decay analysis of a multisite impurity activated solid," Opt. Commun. 156, 409-418 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

2008

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov,"Efficient Bismuth-Doped Fiber Lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 834-840 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2005

2004

2002

N. S. Sadick and R. Weiss, "The utilization of a new yellow light laser (578 nm) for the treatment of class I red telangiectasia of the lower extremities," Dermatol Surg. 28, 21-25 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, "Infrared luminescence from Bismuth-doped silicate glass," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L279-L281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998

M. Grinberg, D. L. Russell, K. Holliday, K. Wisniewski, and Cz . Koepke, "Continuous function decay analysis of a multisite impurity activated solid," Opt. Commun. 156, 409-418 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, "Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system," Science 277, 1649-1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995

J. E. Román, M. Hempstead, C. Ye, S. Nouh, P. Camy, P. Laborde, and C. Lerminiaux, "1.7 µm excited state absorption measurement in erbium-doped glasses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 470-472 (1995).
[CrossRef]

An, K.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, "Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system," Science 277, 1649-1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Avicola, K.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, "Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system," Science 277, 1649-1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Beeman, B. V.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, "Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system," Science 277, 1649-1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bigot, L.

Bissinger, H. D.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, "Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system," Science 277, 1649-1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bouwmans, G.

Brase, J. M.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, "Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system," Science 277, 1649-1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bufetov, I. A.

Camy, P.

J. E. Román, M. Hempstead, C. Ye, S. Nouh, P. Camy, P. Laborde, and C. Lerminiaux, "1.7 µm excited state absorption measurement in erbium-doped glasses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 470-472 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chen, D.

Dianov, E. M.

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov,"Efficient Bismuth-Doped Fiber Lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 834-840 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, O. I. Medvedkov, and I. A. Bufetov, "High-power cw bismuth-fiber lasers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1749-1755 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoryn, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur’yanov, "CW bismuth fiber laser," Quantum Electron. 35, 1083-1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dvoryn, V. V.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoryn, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur’yanov, "CW bismuth fiber laser," Quantum Electron. 35, 1083-1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dvoyrin, V. V.

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov,"Efficient Bismuth-Doped Fiber Lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 834-840 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Erbert, G. V.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, "Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system," Science 277, 1649-1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ferin, A. A.

Friedman, H. W.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, "Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system," Science 277, 1649-1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, Y.

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, "Infrared luminescence from Bismuth-doped silicate glass," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L279-L281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gavel, D. T.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, "Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system," Science 277, 1649-1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Grinberg, M.

M. Grinberg, D. L. Russell, K. Holliday, K. Wisniewski, and Cz . Koepke, "Continuous function decay analysis of a multisite impurity activated solid," Opt. Commun. 156, 409-418 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gur’yanov, A. N.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoryn, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur’yanov, "CW bismuth fiber laser," Quantum Electron. 35, 1083-1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hempstead, M.

J. E. Román, M. Hempstead, C. Ye, S. Nouh, P. Camy, P. Laborde, and C. Lerminiaux, "1.7 µm excited state absorption measurement in erbium-doped glasses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 470-472 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Holliday, K.

M. Grinberg, D. L. Russell, K. Holliday, K. Wisniewski, and Cz . Koepke, "Continuous function decay analysis of a multisite impurity activated solid," Opt. Commun. 156, 409-418 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, X.

Kanz, K.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, "Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system," Science 277, 1649-1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Koepke, Cz

M. Grinberg, D. L. Russell, K. Holliday, K. Wisniewski, and Cz . Koepke, "Continuous function decay analysis of a multisite impurity activated solid," Opt. Commun. 156, 409-418 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Laborde, P.

J. E. Román, M. Hempstead, C. Ye, S. Nouh, P. Camy, P. Laborde, and C. Lerminiaux, "1.7 µm excited state absorption measurement in erbium-doped glasses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 470-472 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lerminiaux, C.

J. E. Román, M. Hempstead, C. Ye, S. Nouh, P. Camy, P. Laborde, and C. Lerminiaux, "1.7 µm excited state absorption measurement in erbium-doped glasses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 470-472 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Liu, M. C.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, "Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system," Science 277, 1649-1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Macintosh, B.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, "Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system," Science 277, 1649-1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mashinsky, V. M.

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov,"Efficient Bismuth-Doped Fiber Lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 834-840 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoryn, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur’yanov, "CW bismuth fiber laser," Quantum Electron. 35, 1083-1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Max, C. E.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, "Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system," Science 277, 1649-1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Medvedkov, O. I.

Melkumov, M. A.

Meng, X.

Nakatsuka, M.

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, "Infrared luminescence from Bismuth-doped silicate glass," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L279-L281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Neeb, K. P.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, "Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system," Science 277, 1649-1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nouh, S.

J. E. Román, M. Hempstead, C. Ye, S. Nouh, P. Camy, P. Laborde, and C. Lerminiaux, "1.7 µm excited state absorption measurement in erbium-doped glasses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 470-472 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Olivier, S. S.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, "Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system," Science 277, 1649-1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Patience, J.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, "Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system," Science 277, 1649-1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Peng, M.

Popov, S. V.

Qiu, J.

Razdobreev, I.

Román, J. E.

J. E. Román, M. Hempstead, C. Ye, S. Nouh, P. Camy, P. Laborde, and C. Lerminiaux, "1.7 µm excited state absorption measurement in erbium-doped glasses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 470-472 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Rulkov, A. B.

Russell, D. L.

M. Grinberg, D. L. Russell, K. Holliday, K. Wisniewski, and Cz . Koepke, "Continuous function decay analysis of a multisite impurity activated solid," Opt. Commun. 156, 409-418 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sadick, N. S.

N. S. Sadick and R. Weiss, "The utilization of a new yellow light laser (578 nm) for the treatment of class I red telangiectasia of the lower extremities," Dermatol Surg. 28, 21-25 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shubin, A. V.

Taylor, J. R.

Umnikov, A. A.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoryn, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur’yanov, "CW bismuth fiber laser," Quantum Electron. 35, 1083-1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Waltjen, K. E.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, "Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system," Science 277, 1649-1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Weiss, R.

N. S. Sadick and R. Weiss, "The utilization of a new yellow light laser (578 nm) for the treatment of class I red telangiectasia of the lower extremities," Dermatol Surg. 28, 21-25 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wisniewski, K.

M. Grinberg, D. L. Russell, K. Holliday, K. Wisniewski, and Cz . Koepke, "Continuous function decay analysis of a multisite impurity activated solid," Opt. Commun. 156, 409-418 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yang, I.

Yashkov, M. V.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoryn, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur’yanov, "CW bismuth fiber laser," Quantum Electron. 35, 1083-1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ye, C.

J. E. Román, M. Hempstead, C. Ye, S. Nouh, P. Camy, P. Laborde, and C. Lerminiaux, "1.7 µm excited state absorption measurement in erbium-doped glasses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 470-472 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Q.

Zhu, C.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

J. E. Román, M. Hempstead, C. Ye, S. Nouh, P. Camy, P. Laborde, and C. Lerminiaux, "1.7 µm excited state absorption measurement in erbium-doped glasses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 470-472 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dermatol Surg.

N. S. Sadick and R. Weiss, "The utilization of a new yellow light laser (578 nm) for the treatment of class I red telangiectasia of the lower extremities," Dermatol Surg. 28, 21-25 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov,"Efficient Bismuth-Doped Fiber Lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 834-840 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, "Infrared luminescence from Bismuth-doped silicate glass," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L279-L281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

M. Grinberg, D. L. Russell, K. Holliday, K. Wisniewski, and Cz . Koepke, "Continuous function decay analysis of a multisite impurity activated solid," Opt. Commun. 156, 409-418 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Quantum Electron.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoryn, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur’yanov, "CW bismuth fiber laser," Quantum Electron. 35, 1083-1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Science

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, "Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system," Science 277, 1649-1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic Press, San Diego, 2001).

I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, "Visible luminescence and up-conversion processes in Bi-doped silica-based fibers pumped by IR radiation," in Proceedings of ECOC 2008, Brussels, Belgium, paper, Tu.3.B.4.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Measured absorption spectra of the BiDFs.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Average absorption of BiDF against launched power at 1080 nm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experimental arrangement for BiDFL.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a). Output power and (b) output spectrum of BiDFL.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a). Experimental set up for ESA measurement under 800 nm pumping and (b) measured ground state absorption and changes in transmission in BiDF output spectrum under 800 and 1047 nm pumping.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Scaled fluorescence spectra of Fiber 1 by different excitation sources.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

(a). Fluorescence decay of BiDF under 915, 976 and 1090 nm pumping and (b) fluorescence decay fitted with single and continuous life time distribution under 1090 nm pumping.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Characteristics of the developed Bi-doped fibers and fiber lasers at room temperature

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δ T = 1 L ln ( T on T off ) = N ( σ esa ( σ gsa + σ a ) )

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