Abstract

We designed a V-shape external Talbot cavity for a broad-area laser diode array and demonstrated coherent laser beam combining at high power with narrow spectral linewidth. The V-shape external Talbot cavity provides good mode-discrimination and does not require a spatial filter. A multi-lobe far-field profile generated by a low filling-factor phase-locked array is confirmed by our numerical simulation.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. G. Walker and W. Happer, "Spin-exchange optical pumping of noble-gas nuclei," Rev. Mod. Phys. 69, 629-642 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  17. D. Botez, L. J. Mawst, G. L. Peterson, and T. J. Roth, "Phase-locked arrays of antiguides: modal content and discrimination," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 482-495 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  18. D. Botez, M. Jansen, L. J. Mawst, G. Peterson, and T. J. Roth, "Watt-range, coherent, uniphase powers from phase-locked arrays of antiguided diode lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2070-2072 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  19. J. R. Leger, M. L. Scott, and W. B. Veldkamp, "Coherent addition of AlGaAs lasers using micronlenses and diffractive coupling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1771-1773 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  21. J. R. Leger, "Lateral mode control of an AlGaAs laser array in a Talbot cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 334-336 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  22. R. Waarts, D. Mehuys, D. Nam, D. Welch, W. Streifer, and D. Scifres, "High-power, cw, diffraction-limited, GaAlAs laser diode array in an external Talbot cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2586-2588 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  23. Q. Li, P. Zhao, and W. Guo, "Amplitude compensation of a diode laser array phase locked with a Talbot cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 231120 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  24. C. J. Chang-Hasnain, J. Berger, D. R. Scifres, W. Streifer, J. R. Whinnery, and A. Dienes, "High power with high efficiency in a narrow single-lobed beam from a diode laser array in an external cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1465-1467 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  25. L. Goldberg and J. F. Weller, "Narrow lobe emission of high power broad strip laser in external resonator cavity," Electron. Lett. 25, 112-114 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  26. R. M. R. Pillai and E. M. Garmire, "Paraxial-misalignment insensitive external-cavity semiconductor-laser array emitting near-diffraction limited single-lobed beam," IEEE J Quantum Electron. 32, 996-1008 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  30. A. Jechow, V. Raab, R. Menzel, M. Cenkier, S. Stry, and J. Sacher, "1 W tunable near diffraction limited light from a broad area laser diode in an external cavity with a line width of 1.7MHz," Opt. Commun. 277, 161-165 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  31. X. Gao, Y. Zheng, H. Kan, and K. Shinoda, "Effective suppression of beam divergence for a high-power laser diode bar by an external-cavity technique," Opt. Lett. 29, 361-363 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. Y. Zheng and H. Kan, "Effective bandwidth reduction for a high-power laser-diode array by an external-cavity technique," Opt. Lett. 30, 2424-2426 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. Y. Zheng and H. Kan, "Narrow-bandwidth high-brightness external-cavity laser diode bar," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, L218-L220 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  34. Z. Su, Q. Lou, J. Dong, J. Zhou, and R. Wei, "Beam quality improvement of laser diode array by using off-axis external cavity," Opt. Express 15, 11776-11780 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  35. J. R. Leger, G. J. Swanson, and M. Holz, "Efficient side lobe suppression of laser diode arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1044-1046 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  36. G. J. Swanson, J. R. Leger, and M. Holz, "Aperture filling of phase-locked laser arrays," Opt. Lett. 12, 245-247 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

2007 (6)

G. J. Steckman, W. Liu, R. Platz, D. Schroeder, C. Moser, and F. Havermeyer, "Volume holographic grating wavelength stabilized laser diodes," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 672-678 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. K. Huang, B. Chann, L. J. Missaggia, J. P. Donnelly, C. T. Harris, G. W. Turner, A. K. Goyal, T. Y. Fan, and A. Sanchez-Rubio, "High-brightness wavelength beam combined semiconductor laser diode arrays," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 209-211 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Liang, A. Yariv, A. Kewitsch, and G. Rakuljic, "Coherent combining of the output of two semiconductor lasers using optical phase-lock loops," Opt. Lett. 32, 370-372 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Jechow, V. Raab, R. Menzel, M. Cenkier, S. Stry, and J. Sacher, "1 W tunable near diffraction limited light from a broad area laser diode in an external cavity with a line width of 1.7MHz," Opt. Commun. 277, 161-165 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zheng and H. Kan, "Narrow-bandwidth high-brightness external-cavity laser diode bar," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, L218-L220 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Su, Q. Lou, J. Dong, J. Zhou, and R. Wei, "Beam quality improvement of laser diode array by using off-axis external cavity," Opt. Express 15, 11776-11780 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

2005 (5)

2004 (2)

J. Chen, X. D. Wu, J. H. Ge, A. Hermerschmidt, and H. J. Eichler, "Broad-area laser diode with 0.02nm bandwidth and diffraction limited output due to double external cavity feedback," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 525-527 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. Gao, Y. Zheng, H. Kan, and K. Shinoda, "Effective suppression of beam divergence for a high-power laser diode bar by an external-cavity technique," Opt. Lett. 29, 361-363 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (3)

2000 (2)

1999 (1)

1997 (1)

T. G. Walker and W. Happer, "Spin-exchange optical pumping of noble-gas nuclei," Rev. Mod. Phys. 69, 629-642 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

R. M. R. Pillai and E. M. Garmire, "Paraxial-misalignment insensitive external-cavity semiconductor-laser array emitting near-diffraction limited single-lobed beam," IEEE J Quantum Electron. 32, 996-1008 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

R. Waarts, D. Mehuys, D. Nam, D. Welch, W. Streifer, and D. Scifres, "High-power, cw, diffraction-limited, GaAlAs laser diode array in an external Talbot cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2586-2588 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. Botez, M. Jansen, L. J. Mawst, G. Peterson, and T. J. Roth, "Watt-range, coherent, uniphase powers from phase-locked arrays of antiguided diode lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2070-2072 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

D. Botez, L. J. Mawst, G. L. Peterson, and T. J. Roth, "Phase-locked arrays of antiguides: modal content and discrimination," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 482-495 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (4)

F. X. D’Amato, E. T. Siebert, and C. Roychoudhuri, "Coherent operation of an array of diode lasers using a spatial filter in a Talbot cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 816-818 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Leger, "Lateral mode control of an AlGaAs laser array in a Talbot cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 334-336 (1989).
[CrossRef]

L. Goldberg and J. F. Weller, "Narrow lobe emission of high power broad strip laser in external resonator cavity," Electron. Lett. 25, 112-114 (1989).
[CrossRef]

D. Botez, L. J. Mawst, G. Peterson, and T. J. Roth, "Resonant optical transmission and coupling in phase-locked diode laser arrays of antiguides: the resonant optical waveguide array," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 2183-2185 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

J. R. Leger, M. L. Scott, and W. B. Veldkamp, "Coherent addition of AlGaAs lasers using micronlenses and diffractive coupling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1771-1773 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (3)

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, J. Berger, D. R. Scifres, W. Streifer, J. R. Whinnery, and A. Dienes, "High power with high efficiency in a narrow single-lobed beam from a diode laser array in an external cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1465-1467 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Leger, G. J. Swanson, and M. Holz, "Efficient side lobe suppression of laser diode arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1044-1046 (1987).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Swanson, J. R. Leger, and M. Holz, "Aperture filling of phase-locked laser arrays," Opt. Lett. 12, 245-247 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Babcock, E.

Baker, J. T.

Bartelt-Berger, L.

Benham, V.

Berger, J.

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, J. Berger, D. R. Scifres, W. Streifer, J. R. Whinnery, and A. Dienes, "High power with high efficiency in a narrow single-lobed beam from a diode laser array in an external cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1465-1467 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Bochove, E. J.

E. J. Bochove, "Theory of spectral beam combining of fiber lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 432-445 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Botez, D.

D. Botez, M. Jansen, L. J. Mawst, G. Peterson, and T. J. Roth, "Watt-range, coherent, uniphase powers from phase-locked arrays of antiguided diode lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2070-2072 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. Botez, L. J. Mawst, G. L. Peterson, and T. J. Roth, "Phase-locked arrays of antiguides: modal content and discrimination," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 482-495 (1990).
[CrossRef]

D. Botez, L. J. Mawst, G. Peterson, and T. J. Roth, "Resonant optical transmission and coupling in phase-locked diode laser arrays of antiguides: the resonant optical waveguide array," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 2183-2185 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Brasseur, J. K.

Brauch, U.

Brereton, I.

Cenkier, M.

A. Jechow, V. Raab, R. Menzel, M. Cenkier, S. Stry, and J. Sacher, "1 W tunable near diffraction limited light from a broad area laser diode in an external cavity with a line width of 1.7MHz," Opt. Commun. 277, 161-165 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chang-Hasnain, C. J.

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, J. Berger, D. R. Scifres, W. Streifer, J. R. Whinnery, and A. Dienes, "High power with high efficiency in a narrow single-lobed beam from a diode laser array in an external cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1465-1467 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Chann, B.

Chen, J.

J. Chen, X. D. Wu, J. H. Ge, A. Hermerschmidt, and H. J. Eichler, "Broad-area laser diode with 0.02nm bandwidth and diffraction limited output due to double external cavity feedback," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 525-527 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Choi, H. K.

Cook, C. C.

Culpepper, M. A.

D’Amato, F. X.

F. X. D’Amato, E. T. Siebert, and C. Roychoudhuri, "Coherent operation of an array of diode lasers using a spatial filter in a Talbot cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 816-818 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Daneu, V.

Dienes, A.

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, J. Berger, D. R. Scifres, W. Streifer, J. R. Whinnery, and A. Dienes, "High power with high efficiency in a narrow single-lobed beam from a diode laser array in an external cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1465-1467 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Dong, J.

Donnelly, J. P.

R. K. Huang, B. Chann, L. J. Missaggia, J. P. Donnelly, C. T. Harris, G. W. Turner, A. K. Goyal, T. Y. Fan, and A. Sanchez-Rubio, "High-brightness wavelength beam combined semiconductor laser diode arrays," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 209-211 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Chann, R. K. Huang, L. J. Missaggia, C. T. Harris, Z. L. Liau, A. K. Goyal, J. P. Donnelly, T. Y. Fan, A. Sanchez-Rubio, and G. W. Turner, "Near-diffraction-limited diode laser arrays by wavelength beam combining," Opt. Lett. 30, 2104-2106 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eang, D.

Eichler, H. J.

J. Chen, X. D. Wu, J. H. Ge, A. Hermerschmidt, and H. J. Eichler, "Broad-area laser diode with 0.02nm bandwidth and diffraction limited output due to double external cavity feedback," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 525-527 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fan, T. Y.

R. K. Huang, B. Chann, L. J. Missaggia, J. P. Donnelly, C. T. Harris, G. W. Turner, A. K. Goyal, T. Y. Fan, and A. Sanchez-Rubio, "High-brightness wavelength beam combined semiconductor laser diode arrays," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 209-211 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Chann, R. K. Huang, L. J. Missaggia, C. T. Harris, Z. L. Liau, A. K. Goyal, J. P. Donnelly, T. Y. Fan, A. Sanchez-Rubio, and G. W. Turner, "Near-diffraction-limited diode laser arrays by wavelength beam combining," Opt. Lett. 30, 2104-2106 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Y. Fan, "Laser beam combining for high-power, high-radiance sources," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 567-577 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. Daneu, A. Sanchez, T. Y. Fan, H. K. Choi, G. W. Turner, and C. C. Cook, "Spectral beam combining of a broad-strip diode laser array in an external cavity," Opt. Lett. 25, 405-407 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Frese, M. E. J.

Gao, X.

Garmire, E. M.

R. M. R. Pillai and E. M. Garmire, "Paraxial-misalignment insensitive external-cavity semiconductor-laser array emitting near-diffraction limited single-lobed beam," IEEE J Quantum Electron. 32, 996-1008 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ge, J. H.

J. Chen, X. D. Wu, J. H. Ge, A. Hermerschmidt, and H. J. Eichler, "Broad-area laser diode with 0.02nm bandwidth and diffraction limited output due to double external cavity feedback," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 525-527 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Giesen, A.

Glebov, L.

Goldberg, L.

L. Goldberg and J. F. Weller, "Narrow lobe emission of high power broad strip laser in external resonator cavity," Electron. Lett. 25, 112-114 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Gourevitch, A.

Goyal, A. K.

R. K. Huang, B. Chann, L. J. Missaggia, J. P. Donnelly, C. T. Harris, G. W. Turner, A. K. Goyal, T. Y. Fan, and A. Sanchez-Rubio, "High-brightness wavelength beam combined semiconductor laser diode arrays," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 209-211 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Chann, R. K. Huang, L. J. Missaggia, C. T. Harris, Z. L. Liau, A. K. Goyal, J. P. Donnelly, T. Y. Fan, A. Sanchez-Rubio, and G. W. Turner, "Near-diffraction-limited diode laser arrays by wavelength beam combining," Opt. Lett. 30, 2104-2106 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guo, W.

Q. Li, P. Zhao, and W. Guo, "Amplitude compensation of a diode laser array phase locked with a Talbot cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 231120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Happer, W.

T. G. Walker and W. Happer, "Spin-exchange optical pumping of noble-gas nuclei," Rev. Mod. Phys. 69, 629-642 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Harris, C. T.

R. K. Huang, B. Chann, L. J. Missaggia, J. P. Donnelly, C. T. Harris, G. W. Turner, A. K. Goyal, T. Y. Fan, and A. Sanchez-Rubio, "High-brightness wavelength beam combined semiconductor laser diode arrays," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 209-211 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Chann, R. K. Huang, L. J. Missaggia, C. T. Harris, Z. L. Liau, A. K. Goyal, J. P. Donnelly, T. Y. Fan, A. Sanchez-Rubio, and G. W. Turner, "Near-diffraction-limited diode laser arrays by wavelength beam combining," Opt. Lett. 30, 2104-2106 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Havermeyer, F.

G. J. Steckman, W. Liu, R. Platz, D. Schroeder, C. Moser, and F. Havermeyer, "Volume holographic grating wavelength stabilized laser diodes," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 672-678 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Heckenberg, N. R.

Henshaw, T.

Hermerschmidt, A.

J. Chen, X. D. Wu, J. H. Ge, A. Hermerschmidt, and H. J. Eichler, "Broad-area laser diode with 0.02nm bandwidth and diffraction limited output due to double external cavity feedback," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 525-527 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Holz, M.

J. R. Leger, G. J. Swanson, and M. Holz, "Efficient side lobe suppression of laser diode arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1044-1046 (1987).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Swanson, J. R. Leger, and M. Holz, "Aperture filling of phase-locked laser arrays," Opt. Lett. 12, 245-247 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hostutler, D. A.

Huang, R. K.

R. K. Huang, B. Chann, L. J. Missaggia, J. P. Donnelly, C. T. Harris, G. W. Turner, A. K. Goyal, T. Y. Fan, and A. Sanchez-Rubio, "High-brightness wavelength beam combined semiconductor laser diode arrays," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 209-211 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Chann, R. K. Huang, L. J. Missaggia, C. T. Harris, Z. L. Liau, A. K. Goyal, J. P. Donnelly, T. Y. Fan, A. Sanchez-Rubio, and G. W. Turner, "Near-diffraction-limited diode laser arrays by wavelength beam combining," Opt. Lett. 30, 2104-2106 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huegel, H.

Jansen, M.

D. Botez, M. Jansen, L. J. Mawst, G. Peterson, and T. J. Roth, "Watt-range, coherent, uniphase powers from phase-locked arrays of antiguided diode lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2070-2072 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Jechow, A.

A. Jechow, V. Raab, R. Menzel, M. Cenkier, S. Stry, and J. Sacher, "1 W tunable near diffraction limited light from a broad area laser diode in an external cavity with a line width of 1.7MHz," Opt. Commun. 277, 161-165 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kan, H.

Kewitsch, A.

Leger, J. R.

J. R. Leger, "Lateral mode control of an AlGaAs laser array in a Talbot cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 334-336 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Leger, M. L. Scott, and W. B. Veldkamp, "Coherent addition of AlGaAs lasers using micronlenses and diffractive coupling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1771-1773 (1988).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Swanson, J. R. Leger, and M. Holz, "Aperture filling of phase-locked laser arrays," Opt. Lett. 12, 245-247 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Leger, G. J. Swanson, and M. Holz, "Efficient side lobe suppression of laser diode arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1044-1046 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Li, Q.

Q. Li, P. Zhao, and W. Guo, "Amplitude compensation of a diode laser array phase locked with a Talbot cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 231120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liang, W.

Liau, Z. L.

Liu, W.

G. J. Steckman, W. Liu, R. Platz, D. Schroeder, C. Moser, and F. Havermeyer, "Volume holographic grating wavelength stabilized laser diodes," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 672-678 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lou, Q.

Lu, L. C. A.

Madasamy, P.

Mawst, L. J.

D. Botez, M. Jansen, L. J. Mawst, G. Peterson, and T. J. Roth, "Watt-range, coherent, uniphase powers from phase-locked arrays of antiguided diode lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2070-2072 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. Botez, L. J. Mawst, G. L. Peterson, and T. J. Roth, "Phase-locked arrays of antiguides: modal content and discrimination," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 482-495 (1990).
[CrossRef]

D. Botez, L. J. Mawst, G. Peterson, and T. J. Roth, "Resonant optical transmission and coupling in phase-locked diode laser arrays of antiguides: the resonant optical waveguide array," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 2183-2185 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Mehuys, D.

R. Waarts, D. Mehuys, D. Nam, D. Welch, W. Streifer, and D. Scifres, "High-power, cw, diffraction-limited, GaAlAs laser diode array in an external Talbot cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2586-2588 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Meng, L. S.

Menzel, R.

Missaggia, L. J.

R. K. Huang, B. Chann, L. J. Missaggia, J. P. Donnelly, C. T. Harris, G. W. Turner, A. K. Goyal, T. Y. Fan, and A. Sanchez-Rubio, "High-brightness wavelength beam combined semiconductor laser diode arrays," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 209-211 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Chann, R. K. Huang, L. J. Missaggia, C. T. Harris, Z. L. Liau, A. K. Goyal, J. P. Donnelly, T. Y. Fan, A. Sanchez-Rubio, and G. W. Turner, "Near-diffraction-limited diode laser arrays by wavelength beam combining," Opt. Lett. 30, 2104-2106 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moser, C.

G. J. Steckman, W. Liu, R. Platz, D. Schroeder, C. Moser, and F. Havermeyer, "Volume holographic grating wavelength stabilized laser diodes," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 672-678 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nam, D.

R. Waarts, D. Mehuys, D. Nam, D. Welch, W. Streifer, and D. Scifres, "High-power, cw, diffraction-limited, GaAlAs laser diode array in an external Talbot cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2586-2588 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, I.

Nelson, I. A.

Nelson, L. D. J.

Neuman, D. K.

Nizamov, B.

Opower, H.

Peterson, G.

D. Botez, M. Jansen, L. J. Mawst, G. Peterson, and T. J. Roth, "Watt-range, coherent, uniphase powers from phase-locked arrays of antiguided diode lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2070-2072 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. Botez, L. J. Mawst, G. Peterson, and T. J. Roth, "Resonant optical transmission and coupling in phase-locked diode laser arrays of antiguides: the resonant optical waveguide array," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 2183-2185 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Peterson, G. L.

D. Botez, L. J. Mawst, G. L. Peterson, and T. J. Roth, "Phase-locked arrays of antiguides: modal content and discrimination," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 482-495 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Pilkington, S. D.

Pillai, R. M. R.

R. M. R. Pillai and E. M. Garmire, "Paraxial-misalignment insensitive external-cavity semiconductor-laser array emitting near-diffraction limited single-lobed beam," IEEE J Quantum Electron. 32, 996-1008 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Platz, R.

G. J. Steckman, W. Liu, R. Platz, D. Schroeder, C. Moser, and F. Havermeyer, "Volume holographic grating wavelength stabilized laser diodes," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 672-678 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Raab, V.

Rakuljic, G.

Roth, T. J.

D. Botez, M. Jansen, L. J. Mawst, G. Peterson, and T. J. Roth, "Watt-range, coherent, uniphase powers from phase-locked arrays of antiguided diode lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2070-2072 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. Botez, L. J. Mawst, G. L. Peterson, and T. J. Roth, "Phase-locked arrays of antiguides: modal content and discrimination," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 482-495 (1990).
[CrossRef]

D. Botez, L. J. Mawst, G. Peterson, and T. J. Roth, "Resonant optical transmission and coupling in phase-locked diode laser arrays of antiguides: the resonant optical waveguide array," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 2183-2185 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Roychoudhuri, C.

F. X. D’Amato, E. T. Siebert, and C. Roychoudhuri, "Coherent operation of an array of diode lasers using a spatial filter in a Talbot cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 816-818 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Rubinsztein-Dunlop, H.

Sacher, J.

A. Jechow, V. Raab, R. Menzel, M. Cenkier, S. Stry, and J. Sacher, "1 W tunable near diffraction limited light from a broad area laser diode in an external cavity with a line width of 1.7MHz," Opt. Commun. 277, 161-165 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sanchez, A.

Sanchez, A. D.

Sanchez-Rubio, A.

R. K. Huang, B. Chann, L. J. Missaggia, J. P. Donnelly, C. T. Harris, G. W. Turner, A. K. Goyal, T. Y. Fan, and A. Sanchez-Rubio, "High-brightness wavelength beam combined semiconductor laser diode arrays," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 209-211 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Chann, R. K. Huang, L. J. Missaggia, C. T. Harris, Z. L. Liau, A. K. Goyal, J. P. Donnelly, T. Y. Fan, A. Sanchez-Rubio, and G. W. Turner, "Near-diffraction-limited diode laser arrays by wavelength beam combining," Opt. Lett. 30, 2104-2106 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schroeder, D.

G. J. Steckman, W. Liu, R. Platz, D. Schroeder, C. Moser, and F. Havermeyer, "Volume holographic grating wavelength stabilized laser diodes," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 672-678 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Scifres, D.

R. Waarts, D. Mehuys, D. Nam, D. Welch, W. Streifer, and D. Scifres, "High-power, cw, diffraction-limited, GaAlAs laser diode array in an external Talbot cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2586-2588 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Scifres, D. R.

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, J. Berger, D. R. Scifres, W. Streifer, J. R. Whinnery, and A. Dienes, "High power with high efficiency in a narrow single-lobed beam from a diode laser array in an external cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1465-1467 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Scott, M. L.

J. R. Leger, M. L. Scott, and W. B. Veldkamp, "Coherent addition of AlGaAs lasers using micronlenses and diffractive coupling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1771-1773 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Shay, T. M.

Shinoda, K.

Siebert, E. T.

F. X. D’Amato, E. T. Siebert, and C. Roychoudhuri, "Coherent operation of an array of diode lasers using a spatial filter in a Talbot cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 816-818 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Skoczowsky, D.

Smirnov, V.

Spring, L. J.

Steckman, G. J.

G. J. Steckman, W. Liu, R. Platz, D. Schroeder, C. Moser, and F. Havermeyer, "Volume holographic grating wavelength stabilized laser diodes," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 672-678 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Streifer, W.

R. Waarts, D. Mehuys, D. Nam, D. Welch, W. Streifer, and D. Scifres, "High-power, cw, diffraction-limited, GaAlAs laser diode array in an external Talbot cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2586-2588 (1991).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, J. Berger, D. R. Scifres, W. Streifer, J. R. Whinnery, and A. Dienes, "High power with high efficiency in a narrow single-lobed beam from a diode laser array in an external cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1465-1467 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Stry, S.

A. Jechow, V. Raab, R. Menzel, M. Cenkier, S. Stry, and J. Sacher, "1 W tunable near diffraction limited light from a broad area laser diode in an external cavity with a line width of 1.7MHz," Opt. Commun. 277, 161-165 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Su, Z.

Swanson, G. J.

J. R. Leger, G. J. Swanson, and M. Holz, "Efficient side lobe suppression of laser diode arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1044-1046 (1987).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Swanson, J. R. Leger, and M. Holz, "Aperture filling of phase-locked laser arrays," Opt. Lett. 12, 245-247 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Talbot, C. L.

Turner, G. W.

Veldkamp, W. B.

J. R. Leger, M. L. Scott, and W. B. Veldkamp, "Coherent addition of AlGaAs lasers using micronlenses and diffractive coupling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1771-1773 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Venus, G.

Waarts, R.

R. Waarts, D. Mehuys, D. Nam, D. Welch, W. Streifer, and D. Scifres, "High-power, cw, diffraction-limited, GaAlAs laser diode array in an external Talbot cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2586-2588 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Walker, T. G.

Ward, C. B.

Wei, R.

Welch, D.

R. Waarts, D. Mehuys, D. Nam, D. Welch, W. Streifer, and D. Scifres, "High-power, cw, diffraction-limited, GaAlAs laser diode array in an external Talbot cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2586-2588 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Weller, J. F.

L. Goldberg and J. F. Weller, "Narrow lobe emission of high power broad strip laser in external resonator cavity," Electron. Lett. 25, 112-114 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Whinnery, J. R.

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, J. Berger, D. R. Scifres, W. Streifer, J. R. Whinnery, and A. Dienes, "High power with high efficiency in a narrow single-lobed beam from a diode laser array in an external cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1465-1467 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Wu, X. D.

J. Chen, X. D. Wu, J. H. Ge, A. Hermerschmidt, and H. J. Eichler, "Broad-area laser diode with 0.02nm bandwidth and diffraction limited output due to double external cavity feedback," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 525-527 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

Zhao, P.

Q. Li, P. Zhao, and W. Guo, "Amplitude compensation of a diode laser array phase locked with a Talbot cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 231120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, Y.

Zhou, J.

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (10)

J. Chen, X. D. Wu, J. H. Ge, A. Hermerschmidt, and H. J. Eichler, "Broad-area laser diode with 0.02nm bandwidth and diffraction limited output due to double external cavity feedback," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 525-527 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Botez, L. J. Mawst, G. Peterson, and T. J. Roth, "Resonant optical transmission and coupling in phase-locked diode laser arrays of antiguides: the resonant optical waveguide array," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 2183-2185 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Leger, G. J. Swanson, and M. Holz, "Efficient side lobe suppression of laser diode arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1044-1046 (1987).
[CrossRef]

D. Botez, M. Jansen, L. J. Mawst, G. Peterson, and T. J. Roth, "Watt-range, coherent, uniphase powers from phase-locked arrays of antiguided diode lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2070-2072 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Leger, M. L. Scott, and W. B. Veldkamp, "Coherent addition of AlGaAs lasers using micronlenses and diffractive coupling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1771-1773 (1988).
[CrossRef]

F. X. D’Amato, E. T. Siebert, and C. Roychoudhuri, "Coherent operation of an array of diode lasers using a spatial filter in a Talbot cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 816-818 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Leger, "Lateral mode control of an AlGaAs laser array in a Talbot cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 334-336 (1989).
[CrossRef]

R. Waarts, D. Mehuys, D. Nam, D. Welch, W. Streifer, and D. Scifres, "High-power, cw, diffraction-limited, GaAlAs laser diode array in an external Talbot cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2586-2588 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Q. Li, P. Zhao, and W. Guo, "Amplitude compensation of a diode laser array phase locked with a Talbot cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 231120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, J. Berger, D. R. Scifres, W. Streifer, J. R. Whinnery, and A. Dienes, "High power with high efficiency in a narrow single-lobed beam from a diode laser array in an external cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1465-1467 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

L. Goldberg and J. F. Weller, "Narrow lobe emission of high power broad strip laser in external resonator cavity," Electron. Lett. 25, 112-114 (1989).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J Quantum Electron. (1)

R. M. R. Pillai and E. M. Garmire, "Paraxial-misalignment insensitive external-cavity semiconductor-laser array emitting near-diffraction limited single-lobed beam," IEEE J Quantum Electron. 32, 996-1008 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

D. Botez, L. J. Mawst, G. L. Peterson, and T. J. Roth, "Phase-locked arrays of antiguides: modal content and discrimination," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 482-495 (1990).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Bochove, "Theory of spectral beam combining of fiber lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 432-445 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

G. J. Steckman, W. Liu, R. Platz, D. Schroeder, C. Moser, and F. Havermeyer, "Volume holographic grating wavelength stabilized laser diodes," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 672-678 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Y. Fan, "Laser beam combining for high-power, high-radiance sources," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 567-577 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

R. K. Huang, B. Chann, L. J. Missaggia, J. P. Donnelly, C. T. Harris, G. W. Turner, A. K. Goyal, T. Y. Fan, and A. Sanchez-Rubio, "High-brightness wavelength beam combined semiconductor laser diode arrays," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 209-211 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Zheng and H. Kan, "Narrow-bandwidth high-brightness external-cavity laser diode bar," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, L218-L220 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. Jechow, V. Raab, R. Menzel, M. Cenkier, S. Stry, and J. Sacher, "1 W tunable near diffraction limited light from a broad area laser diode in an external cavity with a line width of 1.7MHz," Opt. Commun. 277, 161-165 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (10)

A. Gourevitch, G. Venus, V. Smirnov, D. A. Hostutler, and L. Glebov, "Continuous wave, 30W laser-diode bandwith 10 GHz linewidth for Rb laser pumping," Opt. Lett. 33, 702-704 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Daneu, A. Sanchez, T. Y. Fan, H. K. Choi, G. W. Turner, and C. C. Cook, "Spectral beam combining of a broad-strip diode laser array in an external cavity," Opt. Lett. 25, 405-407 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. Chann, R. K. Huang, L. J. Missaggia, C. T. Harris, Z. L. Liau, A. K. Goyal, J. P. Donnelly, T. Y. Fan, A. Sanchez-Rubio, and G. W. Turner, "Near-diffraction-limited diode laser arrays by wavelength beam combining," Opt. Lett. 30, 2104-2106 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Chann, I. Nelson, and T. G. Walker, "Frequency-narrowed external-cavity diode-laser-array bar," Opt. Lett. 25, 1352-1354 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. Raab and R. Menzel, "External resonator design for high-power laser diodes that yields 400mW of TEM00 power," Opt. Lett. 27, 167-169 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. Raab, D. Skoczowsky, and R. Menzel, "Tuning high-power laser diodes with as much as 0.38W of power and M2=1.2 over a range of 32nm with 3-GHz bandwidth," Opt. Lett. 27, 1995-1997 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Swanson, J. R. Leger, and M. Holz, "Aperture filling of phase-locked laser arrays," Opt. Lett. 12, 245-247 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Gao, Y. Zheng, H. Kan, and K. Shinoda, "Effective suppression of beam divergence for a high-power laser diode bar by an external-cavity technique," Opt. Lett. 29, 361-363 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zheng and H. Kan, "Effective bandwidth reduction for a high-power laser-diode array by an external-cavity technique," Opt. Lett. 30, 2424-2426 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Liang, A. Yariv, A. Kewitsch, and G. Rakuljic, "Coherent combining of the output of two semiconductor lasers using optical phase-lock loops," Opt. Lett. 32, 370-372 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

T. G. Walker and W. Happer, "Spin-exchange optical pumping of noble-gas nuclei," Rev. Mod. Phys. 69, 629-642 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(Color online) Schematic of V-shape external cavity. The V-shape external cavity is shown in top view (slow-axis). LDA is laser diode array, CL1~CL4 are cylindrical lenses. GRIN lens and CL2 collimate laser beam along fast-axis and the con-focal lens pair CL1, CL3 image laser diodes on CL3 focal plane. There is an angle θ between two reflection surfaces of prism mirrors. The two prism mirrors separate the laser beam into two paths: one for feedback and the other for output. Feedback path consists of CL1~CL3, and grating. D is the distance between grating and CL3. In output path, cylindrical lens CL4 projects laser diode array far-field profile on its focal plane. A CCD camera images the far-field profile and spectrometer measures the spectrum while a power-meter monitors the output power. Inset 1: each broad-area laser diode V-shape external cavity. Inset 2: effective external cavity. The effective cavity length is the distance between grating and laser diodes image (CL3 focal plane).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(Color online) (a) Experimental results of far-field profile of phase-locked laser array at 30 Amps current injection and (b) center energy ratio (center lobe energy/total energy) of the far-field profile versus the phase locked laser diode array filling factor. In (b) the hollow-dot line is the numerical simulation of far-field energy ratio for different filling factor phase locked laser diode array while the solid line and dashed line are the experimental measurements at 30 A (corresponding to Fig. 3 (a)) and 50 A (corresponding to Fig. 4 (a)), respectively.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Transition between incoherent addition and coherent addition. (a) Grating position is around the image plane (D=f 3) and the far-field profile shows a single broaden peak. (b) Grating position is shifted to the half-Talbot plane (D=f 3+d2/λ) and the far-field profile shows a multi-lobe interference pattern. Both intensities are normalized by the highest peak intensity in Fig. 3(b).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Experimental results of (a) far-field profile and (b) spectrum of a phase-locked laser array at 50 A with a V-shape external Talbot cavity.

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