Abstract

We report on stretched-pulse operation of a thulium-doped fiber laser. The laser generated pulses at a center wavelength of 1974nm with an energy of 4 nJ that could externally be compressed to a duration of 173 fs.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. L. Shah and M. Fermann, “High-Power Ultrashort-Pulse Fiber Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22, 552–558 (2007).
  2. M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, F. Haberl, M. E. Fermann, E. R. Taylor, and K. P. Jedrzejewski, “Regenerative Nd:glass amplifier seeded with a Nd:fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 17, 807–809 (1992).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. U. Buenting, P. Wessels, H. Sayinc, O. Prochnow, D. Wandt, and D. Kracht, “Ultrafast Yb:KYW regenerative amplifier with combined gain spectra of the optical axes Nm and Np,” Proc. SPIE 6871, 68711C-1 (2008).
  4. N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, “Widely Broadened Super Continuum Generation Using Highly Nonlinear Dispersion Shifted Fibers and Femtosecond Fiber Laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L365–L367 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  5. H. Hundertmark, D. Kracht, D. Wandt, C. Fallnich, V. V. R. K. Kumar, A. K. George, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russel, “Supercontinuum generation with 200 pJ laser pulses in an extruded SF6 fiber at 1560 nm,” Opt. Express 11, 3196–3201 (2003), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm? URI=oe-11-24-3196.
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. J. W. Nicholson, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, J. Flemming, F. DiMarcello, E. Monberg, A. Yablon, C. Jørgensen, and T. Veng, “All-fiber, octave-spanning supercontinuum,” Opt. Lett. 28, 643–645 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, “77-fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode-locked all-fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1080–1082 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. H. A. Haus, K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, and E. P. Ippen, “Stretched-pulse additive pulse mode-locking in fiber ring lasers: theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 591–598 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  9. K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, “Pulse dynamics in stretched-pulse fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. Appl. Phys. Lett.,  67, 158–160 (1995).
  10. K. Tamura, “Additive Pulse Mode-Locked Erbium-Doped Fiber Lasers,” Ph. D. thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1994.
  11. F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-Similar Evolution of Parabolic Pulses in a Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. A. Ruehl, O. Prochnow, D. Wandt, D. Kracht, B. Burgoyne, N. Godbout, and S. Lacroix, “Dynamics of parabolic pulses in an ultrafast fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 31, 2734–2736 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. T. Schreiber, B. Ortaç, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “On the study of pulse evolution in ultra-short mode-locked fiber lasers by numerical simulations,” Opt. Express 15, 8252–8262 (2007), http://www. opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-13-8252.
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. L. E. Nelson, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, “Broadly tunable sub-500 fs pulses from an additive-pulse mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 19–21 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  15. R. C. Sharp, D. E. Spock, N. Pan, and J. Elliot, “190-fs passively mode-locked thulium fiber laser with a low thres-hold,” Opt. Lett. 21, 881–883 (1996).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. M. Solodyankin, E. Obraztsova, A. Lobach, A. Chernov, A. Tausenev, V. Konov, and E. Dianov, “1.93 µm mode-locked thulium fiber laser with a carbon nanotube absorber,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1336–1338 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. M. Engelbrecht, F. Haxsen, A. Ruehl, D. Wandt, and D. Kracht, “Ultrafast thulium-doped fiber oscillator with pulse energy of 4.3 nJ,” Opt. Lett. 33, 690–692 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. Nufern, “LMA-TDF-25/250,” http://www.nufern.com/fiber detail.php/3.
  19. M. Engelbrecht, F. Haxsen, D. Wandt, and D. Kracht, “Wavelength resolved intracavity measurement of the cross sections of a Tm-doped fiber,” Opt. Express 16, 1610–1615 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-3-1610.
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. K. Tamura, J. Jacobson, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Unidirectional ring resonators for self-starting passively mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Lett. 18, 220–222 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. N. Gisin and J. P. Pellaux, “Polarization mode dispersion: time versus frequency domain,” Opt. Commun. 89, 316–323 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  22. D. Anderson, M. Desaix, M. Lisak, and M. L. Quiroga-Teixeiro, “Wave breaking in nonlinear optical fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1358–1361 (1992).
    [Crossref]

2008 (4)

2007 (2)

2006 (1)

2004 (1)

F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-Similar Evolution of Parabolic Pulses in a Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

2001 (1)

N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, “Widely Broadened Super Continuum Generation Using Highly Nonlinear Dispersion Shifted Fibers and Femtosecond Fiber Laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L365–L367 (2001).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

1995 (3)

H. A. Haus, K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, and E. P. Ippen, “Stretched-pulse additive pulse mode-locking in fiber ring lasers: theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 591–598 (1995).
[Crossref]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, “Pulse dynamics in stretched-pulse fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. Appl. Phys. Lett.,  67, 158–160 (1995).

L. E. Nelson, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, “Broadly tunable sub-500 fs pulses from an additive-pulse mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 19–21 (1995).
[Crossref]

1993 (2)

1992 (3)

Anderson, D.

Buckley, J. R.

F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-Similar Evolution of Parabolic Pulses in a Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Buenting, U.

U. Buenting, P. Wessels, H. Sayinc, O. Prochnow, D. Wandt, and D. Kracht, “Ultrafast Yb:KYW regenerative amplifier with combined gain spectra of the optical axes Nm and Np,” Proc. SPIE 6871, 68711C-1 (2008).

Burgoyne, B.

Chernov, A.

Clark, W. G.

F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-Similar Evolution of Parabolic Pulses in a Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Desaix, M.

Dianov, E.

DiMarcello, F.

Elliot, J.

Engelbrecht, M.

Fallnich, C.

Fermann, M.

L. Shah and M. Fermann, “High-Power Ultrashort-Pulse Fiber Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22, 552–558 (2007).

Fermann, M. E.

Flemming, J.

Fujimoto, J. G.

George, A. K.

Gisin, N.

N. Gisin and J. P. Pellaux, “Polarization mode dispersion: time versus frequency domain,” Opt. Commun. 89, 316–323 (1992).
[Crossref]

Godbout, N.

Goto, T.

N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, “Widely Broadened Super Continuum Generation Using Highly Nonlinear Dispersion Shifted Fibers and Femtosecond Fiber Laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L365–L367 (2001).
[Crossref]

Haberl, F.

Haus, H. A.

L. E. Nelson, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, “Broadly tunable sub-500 fs pulses from an additive-pulse mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 19–21 (1995).
[Crossref]

H. A. Haus, K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, and E. P. Ippen, “Stretched-pulse additive pulse mode-locking in fiber ring lasers: theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 591–598 (1995).
[Crossref]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, “Pulse dynamics in stretched-pulse fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. Appl. Phys. Lett.,  67, 158–160 (1995).

K. Tamura, J. Jacobson, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Unidirectional ring resonators for self-starting passively mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Lett. 18, 220–222 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, “77-fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode-locked all-fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1080–1082 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Haxsen, F.

Hofer, M.

Hundertmark, H.

Ilday, F. O.

F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-Similar Evolution of Parabolic Pulses in a Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ippen, E. P.

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, “Pulse dynamics in stretched-pulse fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. Appl. Phys. Lett.,  67, 158–160 (1995).

L. E. Nelson, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, “Broadly tunable sub-500 fs pulses from an additive-pulse mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 19–21 (1995).
[Crossref]

H. A. Haus, K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, and E. P. Ippen, “Stretched-pulse additive pulse mode-locking in fiber ring lasers: theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 591–598 (1995).
[Crossref]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, “77-fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode-locked all-fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1080–1082 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Tamura, J. Jacobson, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Unidirectional ring resonators for self-starting passively mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Lett. 18, 220–222 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jacobson, J.

Jedrzejewski, K. P.

Jørgensen, C.

Knight, J. C.

Konov, V.

Kracht, D.

Kumar, V. V. R. K.

Lacroix, S.

Limpert, J.

Lisak, M.

Lobach, A.

Monberg, E.

Nelson, L. E.

L. E. Nelson, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, “Broadly tunable sub-500 fs pulses from an additive-pulse mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 19–21 (1995).
[Crossref]

H. A. Haus, K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, and E. P. Ippen, “Stretched-pulse additive pulse mode-locking in fiber ring lasers: theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 591–598 (1995).
[Crossref]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, “77-fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode-locked all-fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1080–1082 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nicholson, J. W.

Nishizawa, N.

N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, “Widely Broadened Super Continuum Generation Using Highly Nonlinear Dispersion Shifted Fibers and Femtosecond Fiber Laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L365–L367 (2001).
[Crossref]

Ober, M. H.

Obraztsova, E.

Ortaç, B.

Pan, N.

Pellaux, J. P.

N. Gisin and J. P. Pellaux, “Polarization mode dispersion: time versus frequency domain,” Opt. Commun. 89, 316–323 (1992).
[Crossref]

Prochnow, O.

U. Buenting, P. Wessels, H. Sayinc, O. Prochnow, D. Wandt, and D. Kracht, “Ultrafast Yb:KYW regenerative amplifier with combined gain spectra of the optical axes Nm and Np,” Proc. SPIE 6871, 68711C-1 (2008).

A. Ruehl, O. Prochnow, D. Wandt, D. Kracht, B. Burgoyne, N. Godbout, and S. Lacroix, “Dynamics of parabolic pulses in an ultrafast fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 31, 2734–2736 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Quiroga-Teixeiro, M. L.

Ruehl, A.

Russel, P. St. J.

Sayinc, H.

U. Buenting, P. Wessels, H. Sayinc, O. Prochnow, D. Wandt, and D. Kracht, “Ultrafast Yb:KYW regenerative amplifier with combined gain spectra of the optical axes Nm and Np,” Proc. SPIE 6871, 68711C-1 (2008).

Schreiber, T.

Shah, L.

L. Shah and M. Fermann, “High-Power Ultrashort-Pulse Fiber Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22, 552–558 (2007).

Sharp, R. C.

Solodyankin, M.

Spock, D. E.

Tamura, K.

H. A. Haus, K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, and E. P. Ippen, “Stretched-pulse additive pulse mode-locking in fiber ring lasers: theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 591–598 (1995).
[Crossref]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, “Pulse dynamics in stretched-pulse fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. Appl. Phys. Lett.,  67, 158–160 (1995).

K. Tamura, J. Jacobson, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Unidirectional ring resonators for self-starting passively mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Lett. 18, 220–222 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, “77-fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode-locked all-fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1080–1082 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Tamura, “Additive Pulse Mode-Locked Erbium-Doped Fiber Lasers,” Ph. D. thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1994.

Tausenev, A.

Taylor, E. R.

Tünnermann, A.

Veng, T.

Wandt, D.

Wessels, P.

U. Buenting, P. Wessels, H. Sayinc, O. Prochnow, D. Wandt, and D. Kracht, “Ultrafast Yb:KYW regenerative amplifier with combined gain spectra of the optical axes Nm and Np,” Proc. SPIE 6871, 68711C-1 (2008).

Wise, F. W.

F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-Similar Evolution of Parabolic Pulses in a Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wisk, P.

Yablon, A.

Yan, M. F.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

L. E. Nelson, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, “Broadly tunable sub-500 fs pulses from an additive-pulse mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 19–21 (1995).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, “Pulse dynamics in stretched-pulse fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. Appl. Phys. Lett.,  67, 158–160 (1995).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. A. Haus, K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, and E. P. Ippen, “Stretched-pulse additive pulse mode-locking in fiber ring lasers: theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 591–598 (1995).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

L. Shah and M. Fermann, “High-Power Ultrashort-Pulse Fiber Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22, 552–558 (2007).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, “Widely Broadened Super Continuum Generation Using Highly Nonlinear Dispersion Shifted Fibers and Femtosecond Fiber Laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L365–L367 (2001).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

N. Gisin and J. P. Pellaux, “Polarization mode dispersion: time versus frequency domain,” Opt. Commun. 89, 316–323 (1992).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (8)

A. Ruehl, O. Prochnow, D. Wandt, D. Kracht, B. Burgoyne, N. Godbout, and S. Lacroix, “Dynamics of parabolic pulses in an ultrafast fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 31, 2734–2736 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. C. Sharp, D. E. Spock, N. Pan, and J. Elliot, “190-fs passively mode-locked thulium fiber laser with a low thres-hold,” Opt. Lett. 21, 881–883 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Solodyankin, E. Obraztsova, A. Lobach, A. Chernov, A. Tausenev, V. Konov, and E. Dianov, “1.93 µm mode-locked thulium fiber laser with a carbon nanotube absorber,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1336–1338 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Engelbrecht, F. Haxsen, A. Ruehl, D. Wandt, and D. Kracht, “Ultrafast thulium-doped fiber oscillator with pulse energy of 4.3 nJ,” Opt. Lett. 33, 690–692 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. W. Nicholson, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, J. Flemming, F. DiMarcello, E. Monberg, A. Yablon, C. Jørgensen, and T. Veng, “All-fiber, octave-spanning supercontinuum,” Opt. Lett. 28, 643–645 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, “77-fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode-locked all-fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1080–1082 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, F. Haberl, M. E. Fermann, E. R. Taylor, and K. P. Jedrzejewski, “Regenerative Nd:glass amplifier seeded with a Nd:fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 17, 807–809 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Tamura, J. Jacobson, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Unidirectional ring resonators for self-starting passively mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Lett. 18, 220–222 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-Similar Evolution of Parabolic Pulses in a Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (1)

U. Buenting, P. Wessels, H. Sayinc, O. Prochnow, D. Wandt, and D. Kracht, “Ultrafast Yb:KYW regenerative amplifier with combined gain spectra of the optical axes Nm and Np,” Proc. SPIE 6871, 68711C-1 (2008).

Other (2)

K. Tamura, “Additive Pulse Mode-Locked Erbium-Doped Fiber Lasers,” Ph. D. thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1994.

Nufern, “LMA-TDF-25/250,” http://www.nufern.com/fiber detail.php/3.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup. DC: dichroic mirror (HR 1980 nm/AR 793 nm); TFP: thin-film polarizer; FR: Faraday rotator; HWP/QWP: half-/quarter-wave-plate; TDF: thulium-doped fiber.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Spectral width at FWHM(squares) and pulse energy (circles) in respect to the group-delay dispersion for the mode of operation reported on in [17]. The lines are just to guide the eye.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Extract from output power and pulse characteristics versus pump power and (b) power spectrum at stretched-pulse operation; SPO: Single pulse operation reported on in [17].

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Autocorrelation traces of the (a) uncompressed and (b) compressed pulse. The intensity autocorrelation of the compressed pulse was generated from the interferometric one via applying a mathematical low-pass filter. The measured autocorrelation width of 240 fs corresponds to a pulse duration of 173 fs. Inset: Calculated autocorrelation traces of the bandwidth-limited pulse.

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