Abstract

We report on stretched-pulse operation of a thulium-doped fiber laser. The laser generated pulses at a center wavelength of 1974nm with an energy of 4 nJ that could externally be compressed to a duration of 173 fs.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. L. Shah and M. Fermann, "High-Power Ultrashort-Pulse Fiber Amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22, 552-558 (2007).
  2. M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, F. Haberl, M. E. Fermann, E. R. Taylor and K. P. Jedrzejewski, "Regenerative Nd:glass amplifier seeded with a Nd:fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 17, 807-809 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. U. Buenting, P. Wessels, H. Sayinc, O. Prochnow, D. Wandt and D. Kracht, "Ultrafast Yb:KYW regenerative amplifier with combined gain spectra of the optical axes Nm and Np," Proc. SPIE 6871, 68711C-1 (2008).
  4. N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, "Widely Broadened Super Continuum Generation Using Highly Nonlinear Dispersion Shifted Fibers and Femtosecond Fiber Laser," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L365-L367 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Hundertmark, D. Kracht, D. Wandt, C. Fallnich, V. V. R. K. Kumar, A. K. George, J. C. Knight and P. St. J. Russel,"Supercontinuum generation with 200 pJ laser pulses in an extruded SF6 fiber at 1560 nm," Opt. Express 11, 3196-3201 (2003), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm? URI=oe-11-24-3196.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. W. Nicholson, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, J. Flemming, F. DiMarcello, E. Monberg, A. Yablon, C. Jørgensen and T. Veng, "All-fiber, octave-spanning supercontinuum," Opt. Lett. 28, 643-645 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus and L. E. Nelson, "77-fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode-locked all-fiber ring laser," Opt. Lett. 18, 1080-1082 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. H. A. Haus, K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson and E. P. Ippen, "Stretched-pulse additive pulse mode-locking in fiber ring lasers: theory and experiment," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 591-598 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, "Pulse dynamics in stretched-pulse fiber lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 158-160 (1995).
  10. K. Tamura, "Additive Pulse Mode-Locked Erbium-Doped Fiber Lasers," Ph. D. thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1994.
  11. F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark and F. W. Wise, "Self-Similar Evolution of Parabolic Pulses in a Laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. A. Ruehl, O. Prochnow, D. Wandt, D. Kracht, B. Burgoyne, N. Godbout and S. Lacroix, "Dynamics of parabolic pulses in an ultrafast fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 31, 2734-2736 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. T. Schreiber, B. Ortac, J. Limpert, and A. Tunnermann, "On the study of pulse evolution in ultra-short mode-locked fiber lasers by numerical simulations," Opt. Express 15, 8252-8262 (2007), http://www. opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-13-8252.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. L. E. Nelson, E. P. Ippen and H. A. Haus, "Broadly tunable sub-500 fs pulses from an additive-pulse mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 19-21 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  15. R. C. Sharp, D. E. Spock, N. Pan and J. Elliot, "190-fs passively mode-locked thulium fiber laser with a low thres-hold," Opt. Lett. 21, 881-883 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. M. Solodyankin, E. Obraztsova, A. Lobach, A. Chernov, A. Tausenev, V. Konov and E. Dianov, "1.93 μm modelocked thulium fiber laser with a carbon nanotube absorber," Opt. Lett. 33, 1336-1338 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. M. Engelbrecht, F. Haxsen, A. Ruehl, D. Wandt and D. Kracht, "Ultrafast thulium-doped fiber oscillator with pulse energy of 4.3 nJ," Opt. Lett. 33, 690-692 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. Nufern, "LMA-TDF-25/250," http://www.nufern.com/fiber detail.php/3.
  19. M. Engelbrecht, F. Haxsen, D. Wandt and D. Kracht, "Wavelength resolved intracavity measurement of the cross sections of a Tm-doped fiber," Opt. Express 16, 1610-1615 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-3-1610.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. K. Tamura, J. Jacobson, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus and J. G. Fujimoto, "Unidirectional ring resonators for selfstarting passively mode-locked lasers," Opt. Lett. 18, 220-222 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. N. Gisin and J. P. Pellaux, "Polarization mode dispersion: time versus frequency domain," Opt. Commun. 89, 316-323 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  22. D. Anderson, M. Desaix, M. Lisak and M. L. Quiroga-Teixeiro, "Wave breaking in nonlinear optical fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1358-1361 (1992).
    [CrossRef]

2008

2007

2006

2004

F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark and F. W. Wise, "Self-Similar Evolution of Parabolic Pulses in a Laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

2001

N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, "Widely Broadened Super Continuum Generation Using Highly Nonlinear Dispersion Shifted Fibers and Femtosecond Fiber Laser," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L365-L367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1996

1995

H. A. Haus, K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson and E. P. Ippen, "Stretched-pulse additive pulse mode-locking in fiber ring lasers: theory and experiment," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 591-598 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, "Pulse dynamics in stretched-pulse fiber lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 158-160 (1995).

L. E. Nelson, E. P. Ippen and H. A. Haus, "Broadly tunable sub-500 fs pulses from an additive-pulse mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 19-21 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993

1992

Anderson, D.

Buckley, J. R.

F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark and F. W. Wise, "Self-Similar Evolution of Parabolic Pulses in a Laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Buenting, U.

U. Buenting, P. Wessels, H. Sayinc, O. Prochnow, D. Wandt and D. Kracht, "Ultrafast Yb:KYW regenerative amplifier with combined gain spectra of the optical axes Nm and Np," Proc. SPIE 6871, 68711C-1 (2008).

Burgoyne, B.

Chernov, A.

Clark, W. G.

F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark and F. W. Wise, "Self-Similar Evolution of Parabolic Pulses in a Laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Desaix, M.

Dianov, E.

DiMarcello, F.

Elliot, J.

Engelbrecht, M.

Fermann, M.

L. Shah and M. Fermann, "High-Power Ultrashort-Pulse Fiber Amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22, 552-558 (2007).

Fermann, M. E.

Flemming, J.

Fujimoto, J. G.

Gisin, N.

N. Gisin and J. P. Pellaux, "Polarization mode dispersion: time versus frequency domain," Opt. Commun. 89, 316-323 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Godbout, N.

Goto, T.

N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, "Widely Broadened Super Continuum Generation Using Highly Nonlinear Dispersion Shifted Fibers and Femtosecond Fiber Laser," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L365-L367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Haberl, F.

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus, K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson and E. P. Ippen, "Stretched-pulse additive pulse mode-locking in fiber ring lasers: theory and experiment," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 591-598 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, "Pulse dynamics in stretched-pulse fiber lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 158-160 (1995).

L. E. Nelson, E. P. Ippen and H. A. Haus, "Broadly tunable sub-500 fs pulses from an additive-pulse mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 19-21 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus and L. E. Nelson, "77-fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode-locked all-fiber ring laser," Opt. Lett. 18, 1080-1082 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Tamura, J. Jacobson, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus and J. G. Fujimoto, "Unidirectional ring resonators for selfstarting passively mode-locked lasers," Opt. Lett. 18, 220-222 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haxsen, F.

Hofer, M.

Ilday, F. O.

F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark and F. W. Wise, "Self-Similar Evolution of Parabolic Pulses in a Laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ippen, E. P.

L. E. Nelson, E. P. Ippen and H. A. Haus, "Broadly tunable sub-500 fs pulses from an additive-pulse mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 19-21 (1995).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus, K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson and E. P. Ippen, "Stretched-pulse additive pulse mode-locking in fiber ring lasers: theory and experiment," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 591-598 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, "Pulse dynamics in stretched-pulse fiber lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 158-160 (1995).

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus and L. E. Nelson, "77-fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode-locked all-fiber ring laser," Opt. Lett. 18, 1080-1082 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Tamura, J. Jacobson, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus and J. G. Fujimoto, "Unidirectional ring resonators for selfstarting passively mode-locked lasers," Opt. Lett. 18, 220-222 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jacobson, J.

Jedrzejewski, K. P.

Jørgensen, C.

Konov, V.

Kracht, D.

Lacroix, S.

Limpert, J.

Lisak, M.

Lobach, A.

Monberg, E.

Nelson, L. E.

H. A. Haus, K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson and E. P. Ippen, "Stretched-pulse additive pulse mode-locking in fiber ring lasers: theory and experiment," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 591-598 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Nelson, E. P. Ippen and H. A. Haus, "Broadly tunable sub-500 fs pulses from an additive-pulse mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 19-21 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus and L. E. Nelson, "77-fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode-locked all-fiber ring laser," Opt. Lett. 18, 1080-1082 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nicholson, J. W.

Nishizawa, N.

N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, "Widely Broadened Super Continuum Generation Using Highly Nonlinear Dispersion Shifted Fibers and Femtosecond Fiber Laser," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L365-L367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ober, M. H.

Obraztsova, E.

Ortac¸, B.

Pan, N.

Pellaux, J. P.

N. Gisin and J. P. Pellaux, "Polarization mode dispersion: time versus frequency domain," Opt. Commun. 89, 316-323 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Prochnow, O.

U. Buenting, P. Wessels, H. Sayinc, O. Prochnow, D. Wandt and D. Kracht, "Ultrafast Yb:KYW regenerative amplifier with combined gain spectra of the optical axes Nm and Np," Proc. SPIE 6871, 68711C-1 (2008).

A. Ruehl, O. Prochnow, D. Wandt, D. Kracht, B. Burgoyne, N. Godbout and S. Lacroix, "Dynamics of parabolic pulses in an ultrafast fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 31, 2734-2736 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Quiroga-Teixeiro, M. L.

Ruehl, A.

Sayinc, H.

U. Buenting, P. Wessels, H. Sayinc, O. Prochnow, D. Wandt and D. Kracht, "Ultrafast Yb:KYW regenerative amplifier with combined gain spectra of the optical axes Nm and Np," Proc. SPIE 6871, 68711C-1 (2008).

Schreiber, T.

Shah, L.

L. Shah and M. Fermann, "High-Power Ultrashort-Pulse Fiber Amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22, 552-558 (2007).

Sharp, R. C.

Solodyankin, M.

Spock, D. E.

Tamura, K.

H. A. Haus, K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson and E. P. Ippen, "Stretched-pulse additive pulse mode-locking in fiber ring lasers: theory and experiment," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 591-598 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, "Pulse dynamics in stretched-pulse fiber lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 158-160 (1995).

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus and L. E. Nelson, "77-fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode-locked all-fiber ring laser," Opt. Lett. 18, 1080-1082 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Tamura, J. Jacobson, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus and J. G. Fujimoto, "Unidirectional ring resonators for selfstarting passively mode-locked lasers," Opt. Lett. 18, 220-222 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tausenev, A.

Taylor, E. R.

Tunnermann, A.

Veng, T.

Wandt, D.

Wessels, P.

U. Buenting, P. Wessels, H. Sayinc, O. Prochnow, D. Wandt and D. Kracht, "Ultrafast Yb:KYW regenerative amplifier with combined gain spectra of the optical axes Nm and Np," Proc. SPIE 6871, 68711C-1 (2008).

Wise, F. W.

F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark and F. W. Wise, "Self-Similar Evolution of Parabolic Pulses in a Laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wisk, P.

Yablon, A.

Yan, M. F.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

L. E. Nelson, E. P. Ippen and H. A. Haus, "Broadly tunable sub-500 fs pulses from an additive-pulse mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 19-21 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. Appl. Phys. Lett.

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, "Pulse dynamics in stretched-pulse fiber lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 158-160 (1995).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

H. A. Haus, K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson and E. P. Ippen, "Stretched-pulse additive pulse mode-locking in fiber ring lasers: theory and experiment," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 591-598 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

L. Shah and M. Fermann, "High-Power Ultrashort-Pulse Fiber Amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22, 552-558 (2007).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, "Widely Broadened Super Continuum Generation Using Highly Nonlinear Dispersion Shifted Fibers and Femtosecond Fiber Laser," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L365-L367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

N. Gisin and J. P. Pellaux, "Polarization mode dispersion: time versus frequency domain," Opt. Commun. 89, 316-323 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

A. Ruehl, O. Prochnow, D. Wandt, D. Kracht, B. Burgoyne, N. Godbout and S. Lacroix, "Dynamics of parabolic pulses in an ultrafast fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 31, 2734-2736 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. C. Sharp, D. E. Spock, N. Pan and J. Elliot, "190-fs passively mode-locked thulium fiber laser with a low thres-hold," Opt. Lett. 21, 881-883 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Solodyankin, E. Obraztsova, A. Lobach, A. Chernov, A. Tausenev, V. Konov and E. Dianov, "1.93 μm modelocked thulium fiber laser with a carbon nanotube absorber," Opt. Lett. 33, 1336-1338 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Engelbrecht, F. Haxsen, A. Ruehl, D. Wandt and D. Kracht, "Ultrafast thulium-doped fiber oscillator with pulse energy of 4.3 nJ," Opt. Lett. 33, 690-692 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, F. Haberl, M. E. Fermann, E. R. Taylor and K. P. Jedrzejewski, "Regenerative Nd:glass amplifier seeded with a Nd:fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 17, 807-809 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. W. Nicholson, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, J. Flemming, F. DiMarcello, E. Monberg, A. Yablon, C. Jørgensen and T. Veng, "All-fiber, octave-spanning supercontinuum," Opt. Lett. 28, 643-645 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus and L. E. Nelson, "77-fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode-locked all-fiber ring laser," Opt. Lett. 18, 1080-1082 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Tamura, J. Jacobson, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus and J. G. Fujimoto, "Unidirectional ring resonators for selfstarting passively mode-locked lasers," Opt. Lett. 18, 220-222 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark and F. W. Wise, "Self-Similar Evolution of Parabolic Pulses in a Laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE

U. Buenting, P. Wessels, H. Sayinc, O. Prochnow, D. Wandt and D. Kracht, "Ultrafast Yb:KYW regenerative amplifier with combined gain spectra of the optical axes Nm and Np," Proc. SPIE 6871, 68711C-1 (2008).

Other

H. Hundertmark, D. Kracht, D. Wandt, C. Fallnich, V. V. R. K. Kumar, A. K. George, J. C. Knight and P. St. J. Russel,"Supercontinuum generation with 200 pJ laser pulses in an extruded SF6 fiber at 1560 nm," Opt. Express 11, 3196-3201 (2003), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm? URI=oe-11-24-3196.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Tamura, "Additive Pulse Mode-Locked Erbium-Doped Fiber Lasers," Ph. D. thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1994.

Nufern, "LMA-TDF-25/250," http://www.nufern.com/fiber detail.php/3.

M. Engelbrecht, F. Haxsen, D. Wandt and D. Kracht, "Wavelength resolved intracavity measurement of the cross sections of a Tm-doped fiber," Opt. Express 16, 1610-1615 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-3-1610.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup. DC: dichroic mirror (HR 1980 nm/AR 793 nm); TFP: thin-film polarizer; FR: Faraday rotator; HWP/QWP: half-/quarter-wave-plate; TDF: thulium-doped fiber.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Spectral width at FWHM(squares) and pulse energy (circles) in respect to the group-delay dispersion for the mode of operation reported on in [17]. The lines are just to guide the eye.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Extract from output power and pulse characteristics versus pump power and (b) power spectrum at stretched-pulse operation; SPO: Single pulse operation reported on in [17].

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Autocorrelation traces of the (a) uncompressed and (b) compressed pulse. The intensity autocorrelation of the compressed pulse was generated from the interferometric one via applying a mathematical low-pass filter. The measured autocorrelation width of 240 fs corresponds to a pulse duration of 173 fs. Inset: Calculated autocorrelation traces of the bandwidth-limited pulse.

Metrics