Abstract

A theoretical and experimental study is presented on polarized pulsed propagation from a highly birefringent nonlinear photonic crystal fiber with two-zero dispersion wavelengths. Experimental observations show that the input polarization state can maintain its linearity and that the fiber birefringence creates different spectral properties dependent on the input polarization orientation. The most extensive spectra are obtained for a coupling polarization angles aligned with the fast and slow axis, which is created by the high-order dispersion and Kerr nonlinearity.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, "Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm," Opt. Lett. 25, 25-27 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. H. N. Paulsen, K. M. Hilligsoe, J. Thogersen, S. R. Keiding, and J. J. Larsen, "Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy with a photonic crystal fiber based light source," Opt. Lett. 28, 1123-1125 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hansch, "Optical frequency metrology," Nature 416, 233-237 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. E. Morris, A. E. Carruthers, M. Mazilu, P. J. Reece, T. Cizmar, P. Fischer, and K. Dholakia, "Optical micromanipulation using supercontinuum Laguerre Gaussian and Gaussian beams," Opt. Express 16, 1011-10129 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Endlessly single mode photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 22, 961-963 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. T. A. Birks, D. Mogilevtsev, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Dispersion compensation using single-material fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  11, 674-676, (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F.G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultrashort pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres," Nature,  474, 511-515 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  11. Z. Zhu and T. G. Brown, "Experimental studies of polarization properties of supercontinua generated in a birefringent photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express 12, 791-796 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. R. H. Stolen and C. Lin, "Self-phase-modulation in silica optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A,  17, 1448-1453 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  17. M. J. Steel, T. White, C. Martijn de Sterke, R. C. McPhedran, and L. C. Botten, "Symmetry and degeneracy in microstructured optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 26, 448 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  18. N. Karasawa, S. Nakamura, N. Nakagawa, M. Shibata, R. Morita, H. Shigekawa, and M. Yamashita, 2001, "Comparison between theory and experiment of nonlinear propagation for a-few-cycle and ultra broadband optical pulses in a fused-silica fiber," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 37, 398-404 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  19. K. J. Blow and D. Wood, "Theoretical description of transient stimulated Raman scattering in optical fibers," IEEE J. Quant. Electron,  25, 2665-2673 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  20. J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev.Lett.,  88, 173901 (2002).
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2008 (1)

J. E. Morris, A. E. Carruthers, M. Mazilu, P. J. Reece, T. Cizmar, P. Fischer, and K. Dholakia, "Optical micromanipulation using supercontinuum Laguerre Gaussian and Gaussian beams," Opt. Express 16, 1011-10129 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Mod. Phys. Rev.,  78, 113-1184 (2006).

2004 (4)

2003 (2)

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F.G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultrashort pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres," Nature,  474, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. N. Paulsen, K. M. Hilligsoe, J. Thogersen, S. R. Keiding, and J. J. Larsen, "Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy with a photonic crystal fiber based light source," Opt. Lett. 28, 1123-1125 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (3)

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hansch, "Optical frequency metrology," Nature 416, 233-237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev.Lett.,  88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Coen, A. H. L. Chau, R. Leohardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation by stimulated Raman scattering and parametric four-wave mixing in phototonic crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 753-764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

I. Hartl, X. D. Li, C. Chudoba, R. K. Ghanta, T. H. Ko, J. G. Fujimoto, J. K. Ranka, and R. S. Windeler, "Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography using continuum generation in an air-silica microstructure fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 608-610 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Steel, T. White, C. Martijn de Sterke, R. C. McPhedran, and L. C. Botten, "Symmetry and degeneracy in microstructured optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 26, 448 (2001).
[CrossRef]

N. Karasawa, S. Nakamura, N. Nakagawa, M. Shibata, R. Morita, H. Shigekawa, and M. Yamashita, 2001, "Comparison between theory and experiment of nonlinear propagation for a-few-cycle and ultra broadband optical pulses in a fused-silica fiber," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 37, 398-404 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

T. A. Birks, D. Mogilevtsev, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Dispersion compensation using single-material fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  11, 674-676, (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1989 (1)

K. J. Blow and D. Wood, "Theoretical description of transient stimulated Raman scattering in optical fibers," IEEE J. Quant. Electron,  25, 2665-2673 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

1978 (1)

R. H. Stolen and C. Lin, "Self-phase-modulation in silica optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A,  17, 1448-1453 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Andersen, T. V.

Biancalana, F.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F.G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultrashort pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres," Nature,  474, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Birks, T. A.

T. A. Birks, D. Mogilevtsev, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Dispersion compensation using single-material fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  11, 674-676, (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Endlessly single mode photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 22, 961-963 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Blow, K.J.

K. J. Blow and D. Wood, "Theoretical description of transient stimulated Raman scattering in optical fibers," IEEE J. Quant. Electron,  25, 2665-2673 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Botten, L. C.

M. J. Steel, T. White, C. Martijn de Sterke, R. C. McPhedran, and L. C. Botten, "Symmetry and degeneracy in microstructured optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 26, 448 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Brown, T. G.

Z. Zhu and T. G. Brown, "Polarization properties of supercontinuum spectra generated in birefringent photonic crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B,  21, 248-257, 2004.
[CrossRef]

Z. Zhu and T. G. Brown, "Experimental studies of polarization properties of supercontinua generated in a birefringent photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express 12, 791-796 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Carruthers, A. E.

J. E. Morris, A. E. Carruthers, M. Mazilu, P. J. Reece, T. Cizmar, P. Fischer, and K. Dholakia, "Optical micromanipulation using supercontinuum Laguerre Gaussian and Gaussian beams," Opt. Express 16, 1011-10129 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chau, A. H. L.

Chudoba, C.

Cizmar, T.

J. E. Morris, A. E. Carruthers, M. Mazilu, P. J. Reece, T. Cizmar, P. Fischer, and K. Dholakia, "Optical micromanipulation using supercontinuum Laguerre Gaussian and Gaussian beams," Opt. Express 16, 1011-10129 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Coen, S.

Cristiani, I.

Degiorgio, V.

Dholakia, K.

J. E. Morris, A. E. Carruthers, M. Mazilu, P. J. Reece, T. Cizmar, P. Fischer, and K. Dholakia, "Optical micromanipulation using supercontinuum Laguerre Gaussian and Gaussian beams," Opt. Express 16, 1011-10129 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Mod. Phys. Rev.,  78, 113-1184 (2006).

Efimov, A.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F.G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultrashort pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres," Nature,  474, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, P.

J. E. Morris, A. E. Carruthers, M. Mazilu, P. J. Reece, T. Cizmar, P. Fischer, and K. Dholakia, "Optical micromanipulation using supercontinuum Laguerre Gaussian and Gaussian beams," Opt. Express 16, 1011-10129 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, J. G.

Genty, G.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Mod. Phys. Rev.,  78, 113-1184 (2006).

Ghanta, R. K.

Griebner, U.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev.Lett.,  88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hansch, T. W.

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hansch, "Optical frequency metrology," Nature 416, 233-237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hartl, I.

Harvey, J. D.

Herrmann, J.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev.Lett.,  88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holzwarth, R.

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hansch, "Optical frequency metrology," Nature 416, 233-237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Husakou, A.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev.Lett.,  88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Karasawa, N.

N. Karasawa, S. Nakamura, N. Nakagawa, M. Shibata, R. Morita, H. Shigekawa, and M. Yamashita, 2001, "Comparison between theory and experiment of nonlinear propagation for a-few-cycle and ultra broadband optical pulses in a fused-silica fiber," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 37, 398-404 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F.G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultrashort pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres," Nature,  474, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Coen, A. H. L. Chau, R. Leohardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation by stimulated Raman scattering and parametric four-wave mixing in phototonic crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 753-764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev.Lett.,  88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. A. Birks, D. Mogilevtsev, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Dispersion compensation using single-material fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  11, 674-676, (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Endlessly single mode photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 22, 961-963 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ko, T. H.

Korn, G.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev.Lett.,  88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leohardt, R.

Li, X. D.

Lin, C.

R. H. Stolen and C. Lin, "Self-phase-modulation in silica optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A,  17, 1448-1453 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Martijn de Sterke, C.

M. J. Steel, T. White, C. Martijn de Sterke, R. C. McPhedran, and L. C. Botten, "Symmetry and degeneracy in microstructured optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 26, 448 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mazilu, M.

J. E. Morris, A. E. Carruthers, M. Mazilu, P. J. Reece, T. Cizmar, P. Fischer, and K. Dholakia, "Optical micromanipulation using supercontinuum Laguerre Gaussian and Gaussian beams," Opt. Express 16, 1011-10129 (2008).
[CrossRef]

McPhedran, R. C.

M. J. Steel, T. White, C. Martijn de Sterke, R. C. McPhedran, and L. C. Botten, "Symmetry and degeneracy in microstructured optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 26, 448 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Miyagi, M.

Mogilevtsev, D.

T. A. Birks, D. Mogilevtsev, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Dispersion compensation using single-material fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  11, 674-676, (1999).
[CrossRef]

Morita, R.

N. Karasawa, S. Nakamura, N. Nakagawa, M. Shibata, R. Morita, H. Shigekawa, and M. Yamashita, 2001, "Comparison between theory and experiment of nonlinear propagation for a-few-cycle and ultra broadband optical pulses in a fused-silica fiber," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 37, 398-404 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Morris, J. E.

J. E. Morris, A. E. Carruthers, M. Mazilu, P. J. Reece, T. Cizmar, P. Fischer, and K. Dholakia, "Optical micromanipulation using supercontinuum Laguerre Gaussian and Gaussian beams," Opt. Express 16, 1011-10129 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nakagawa, N.

N. Karasawa, S. Nakamura, N. Nakagawa, M. Shibata, R. Morita, H. Shigekawa, and M. Yamashita, 2001, "Comparison between theory and experiment of nonlinear propagation for a-few-cycle and ultra broadband optical pulses in a fused-silica fiber," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 37, 398-404 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, S.

N. Karasawa, S. Nakamura, N. Nakagawa, M. Shibata, R. Morita, H. Shigekawa, and M. Yamashita, 2001, "Comparison between theory and experiment of nonlinear propagation for a-few-cycle and ultra broadband optical pulses in a fused-silica fiber," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 37, 398-404 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nickel, D.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev.Lett.,  88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nishida, S.

Omenetto, F.G.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F.G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultrashort pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres," Nature,  474, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Paulsen, H. N.

Ranka, J. K.

Reece, P. J.

J. E. Morris, A. E. Carruthers, M. Mazilu, P. J. Reece, T. Cizmar, P. Fischer, and K. Dholakia, "Optical micromanipulation using supercontinuum Laguerre Gaussian and Gaussian beams," Opt. Express 16, 1011-10129 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Reeves, W. H.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F.G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultrashort pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres," Nature,  474, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. St. J.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F.G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultrashort pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres," Nature,  474, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Coen, A. H. L. Chau, R. Leohardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation by stimulated Raman scattering and parametric four-wave mixing in phototonic crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 753-764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev.Lett.,  88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. A. Birks, D. Mogilevtsev, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Dispersion compensation using single-material fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  11, 674-676, (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Endlessly single mode photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 22, 961-963 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shibata, M.

N. Karasawa, S. Nakamura, N. Nakagawa, M. Shibata, R. Morita, H. Shigekawa, and M. Yamashita, 2001, "Comparison between theory and experiment of nonlinear propagation for a-few-cycle and ultra broadband optical pulses in a fused-silica fiber," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 37, 398-404 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shigekawa, H.

N. Karasawa, S. Nakamura, N. Nakagawa, M. Shibata, R. Morita, H. Shigekawa, and M. Yamashita, 2001, "Comparison between theory and experiment of nonlinear propagation for a-few-cycle and ultra broadband optical pulses in a fused-silica fiber," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 37, 398-404 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Skryabin, D. V.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F.G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultrashort pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres," Nature,  474, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Steel, M. J.

M. J. Steel, T. White, C. Martijn de Sterke, R. C. McPhedran, and L. C. Botten, "Symmetry and degeneracy in microstructured optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 26, 448 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Stentz, A. J.

Stolen, R. H.

R. H. Stolen and C. Lin, "Self-phase-modulation in silica optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A,  17, 1448-1453 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Tartara, L.

Taylor, A. J.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F.G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultrashort pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres," Nature,  474, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tediosi, R.

Udem, Th.

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hansch, "Optical frequency metrology," Nature 416, 233-237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wadsworth, W. J.

S. Coen, A. H. L. Chau, R. Leohardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation by stimulated Raman scattering and parametric four-wave mixing in phototonic crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 753-764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev.Lett.,  88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

White, T.

M. J. Steel, T. White, C. Martijn de Sterke, R. C. McPhedran, and L. C. Botten, "Symmetry and degeneracy in microstructured optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 26, 448 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Windeler, R. S.

Wood, D.

K. J. Blow and D. Wood, "Theoretical description of transient stimulated Raman scattering in optical fibers," IEEE J. Quant. Electron,  25, 2665-2673 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Yamashita, M.

N. Karasawa, S. Nakamura, N. Nakagawa, M. Shibata, R. Morita, H. Shigekawa, and M. Yamashita, 2001, "Comparison between theory and experiment of nonlinear propagation for a-few-cycle and ultra broadband optical pulses in a fused-silica fiber," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 37, 398-404 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhavoronkov, N.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev.Lett.,  88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhu, Z.

Z. Zhu and T. G. Brown, "Experimental studies of polarization properties of supercontinua generated in a birefringent photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express 12, 791-796 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Zhu and T. G. Brown, "Polarization properties of supercontinuum spectra generated in birefringent photonic crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B,  21, 248-257, 2004.
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. Quant. Electron (1)

K. J. Blow and D. Wood, "Theoretical description of transient stimulated Raman scattering in optical fibers," IEEE J. Quant. Electron,  25, 2665-2673 (1989).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quant. Electron. (1)

N. Karasawa, S. Nakamura, N. Nakagawa, M. Shibata, R. Morita, H. Shigekawa, and M. Yamashita, 2001, "Comparison between theory and experiment of nonlinear propagation for a-few-cycle and ultra broadband optical pulses in a fused-silica fiber," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 37, 398-404 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

T. A. Birks, D. Mogilevtsev, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Dispersion compensation using single-material fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  11, 674-676, (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Mod. Phys. Rev. (1)

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Mod. Phys. Rev.,  78, 113-1184 (2006).

Nature (2)

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F.G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultrashort pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres," Nature,  474, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hansch, "Optical frequency metrology," Nature 416, 233-237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

R. H. Stolen and C. Lin, "Self-phase-modulation in silica optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A,  17, 1448-1453 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev.Lett. (1)

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev.Lett.,  88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear fiber optics 3rd ed. (Academic San Diego, Calif., 2002).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

The dispersion coefficients related to the mode propagation constant β. The left hand side of the figure shows the first- and second-order dispersion coefficients for the two fundamental modes. The right hand side shows the phase mismatch (Δβ 0) and the group velocity mismatch (Δβ 1) between these modes. The inset is the crystal geometry in relation to the presented curves.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Theoretically obtained spectra of propagation within a 130mm NL-PCF with a 87fs pulse. Figures (a), (b) and (c) are the spectra for the y polarized output field with (d), (e) and (f) for the x polarized output field. θ is the input polarization angle with respect to the y axis.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Theoretically obtained spectral and temporal profile of 87fs pulsed propagation within a 130mm nonlinear PCF. Figures (a), (b) and (c) are the spectra for the y polarized output field with (d), (e) and (f) for the x polarized output field.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Optical arangment used in this study. GT - Glan Tomson, WP - Wave Plate, Spec - Spectrograph and SA - Spectrum Anaylser

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Spectral properties of the polarized modes of the nonlinear PCF. The perpendicular (blue) and parallel polarized (red) states are with reference to the output orientation of the laser.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Degree of polarization for the fast and the slow axes of the fiber.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Dispersion data for the polarized mode of the nonlinear fibre.

Equations (7)

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A j z + 1 2 ( Δ β 0 + Δ β 1 A j t ) m 2 i m + 1 m ! β m j m A j t m
= i γ ( 1 + i τ 0 t ) A j ( ( 1 f R ) [ A j 2 + 2 3 A k 2 ] + f R R j ( z , t ) )
R j ( z , t ) = t h R ( t t ) ( A j 2 + A k 2 ) d t
β j ( ω ) = β 0 j + β 1 j ( ω ω 0 ) + β 2 j 2 ! ( ω ω 0 ) 2 + β 3 j 3 ! ( ω ω 0 ) 2
Δ β j ( ω ) = Δ β 0 j + Δ β 1 j ( ω ω 0 ) + Δ β 2 j 2 ! ( ω ω 0 ) 2 + Δ β 3 j 3 ! ( ω ω 0 ) 2
N = ( γ P 0 T 0 2 β 2 ) 1 2
L f = T 0 2 β 2 1 N

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