Abstract

We have experimentally studied supercontinuum generations in highly nonlinear suspended core silica fibers as alternatives to photonic crystal fibers. Octave-spanning spectrum can be easily generated at peak pump power levels as low as ~1.5kW at 1µm and ~1kW at 800 nm, which effectively enables fceo stabilization of mode-locked fiber lasers without further amplification. Experiments also confirm that the blue edge of the supercontinuum undergoes a two-phase growth process, an initial fast growth governed by phase-matched dispersive wave generation and a second slower growth governed by group-velocity-matched cross-phase modulation. We have further experimentally shown that the fundamental solitons generated from the initial fission process can be independent of pump powers and the orders which they are generated. Furthermore, while the fundamental soliton wavelength undergoes continuous red shift by Raman scattering, they continuously lose power to longer wavelength dispersive waves where phase-matching to this long wavelength dispersive wave is allowed and, otherwise, maintain its initial power where phase-matching to long wavelength dispersive wave is not allowed. We also demonstrated that total suppression of dispersive wave generation at short wavelength can be achieved in the absence of dispersion slope at the pump wavelength.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2008 (2)

2007 (3)

A. Podlipensky, P. Szarniak, N. Y. Joly, C. G. Poulton and P. St. J. Russell, "Bound soliton pairs in photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express. 15, 1653-1662 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, "Light trapping in gravity-like potentials and expansion of supercontinuum spectra in photonic-crystal fibers," Nature Photon. 1, 653-657 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, "Theory of radiation trapping by the accelerating solitons in optical fibers," Phy. Rew. A 76, 053803 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

E. N. Tsoy and C. M. De Sterke, "Dynamics of ultra short pulses near zero dispersion wavelength," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 2425-2433 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. N. Tsoy and C. M. De Sterke, "Theoretical analysis of the self-frequency shift near zero-dispersion points: soliton spectral tunneling," Phy. Rev. A 76, 043804 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers," Rev. Mod. Phy. 78, 1135-1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Gorbach, D. V. Skryabin, J. M. Stone, and J. C. Knight, "Four-wave mixing of solitons with radiation and quasi-nondispersive wave packet at the short-wavelength edge of a supercontinuum," Opt. Express. 14, 9854-9863 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, and H. Ludvigsen, "Route to broadband blue-light generation in microstructured fibers," Opt. Lett. 30, 756-758 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. V. Skryabin and A. V. Yulin, "Theory of generation of new frequencies by mixing of solitons and dispersive waves in optical fibers," Phy. Rev. E 72, 016619 (2005)
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, A. Yulin, N. Y. Joly, F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Time-spectrally-resolved ultrafast nonlinear dynamics in small-core photonic crystal fibers: Experiment and modeling," Opt. Express. 12, 6498-6507 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, and H. Ludvigsen, "Effects of cross phase modulation on supercontinuum generated in microstructured fibers with sub 30fs pulses," Opt. Express. 12, 4614-4624 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (3)

L. Tartara, I. Cristiani, and V. DeGiorgio, "Blue light and infrared continuum generation by soliton fission in a macro-structured fiber," Appl. Phys. B 77, 307-311 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Soliton self-frequency shift cancellation in photonic crystal fibers," Science 301, 1705-1708(2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Cristiani, R. Tediosi, L. Tartara, and V. Degiorgio, "Dispersive wave generation by solitons in micro-structured optical fibers," Opt. Express. 12, 124-135 (2003)
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

T. P. White, B. T. Kuhlmey, R. C. McPhedran, D. Maystre, G. Renversez, C. Martin de Sterke, and L. C. Botten, "Multipole method for microstructured optical fibers, I. formulation," J. Opt. Soc. Am B 19, 2322-2340 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, "Pulse trapping by ultra short pulse in the optical fibers across zero-dispersion wavelength," Opt. Lett. 27, 152-154 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, "Characteristics of pulse trapping by use of ultra short pulses in optical fiber across the zero-dispersion wavelength," Opt. Express. 10, 1151-1159 (2002).
[PubMed]

2000 (1)

1989 (1)

1986 (1)

Biancalana, F.

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, A. Yulin, N. Y. Joly, F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Time-spectrally-resolved ultrafast nonlinear dynamics in small-core photonic crystal fibers: Experiment and modeling," Opt. Express. 12, 6498-6507 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Botten, L. C.

T. P. White, B. T. Kuhlmey, R. C. McPhedran, D. Maystre, G. Renversez, C. Martin de Sterke, and L. C. Botten, "Multipole method for microstructured optical fibers, I. formulation," J. Opt. Soc. Am B 19, 2322-2340 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H. H.

Coen, S.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers," Rev. Mod. Phy. 78, 1135-1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cristiani, I.

I. Cristiani, R. Tediosi, L. Tartara, and V. Degiorgio, "Dispersive wave generation by solitons in micro-structured optical fibers," Opt. Express. 12, 124-135 (2003)
[CrossRef]

L. Tartara, I. Cristiani, and V. DeGiorgio, "Blue light and infrared continuum generation by soliton fission in a macro-structured fiber," Appl. Phys. B 77, 307-311 (2003).
[CrossRef]

De Sterke, C. M.

E. N. Tsoy and C. M. De Sterke, "Dynamics of ultra short pulses near zero dispersion wavelength," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 2425-2433 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. N. Tsoy and C. M. De Sterke, "Theoretical analysis of the self-frequency shift near zero-dispersion points: soliton spectral tunneling," Phy. Rev. A 76, 043804 (2006).
[CrossRef]

DeGiorgio, V.

L. Tartara, I. Cristiani, and V. DeGiorgio, "Blue light and infrared continuum generation by soliton fission in a macro-structured fiber," Appl. Phys. B 77, 307-311 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. Cristiani, R. Tediosi, L. Tartara, and V. Degiorgio, "Dispersive wave generation by solitons in micro-structured optical fibers," Opt. Express. 12, 124-135 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Dong, L.

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers," Rev. Mod. Phy. 78, 1135-1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Efimov, A.

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, A. Yulin, N. Y. Joly, F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Time-spectrally-resolved ultrafast nonlinear dynamics in small-core photonic crystal fibers: Experiment and modeling," Opt. Express. 12, 6498-6507 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fu, L. B.

Genty, G.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers," Rev. Mod. Phy. 78, 1135-1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, and H. Ludvigsen, "Route to broadband blue-light generation in microstructured fibers," Opt. Lett. 30, 756-758 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, and H. Ludvigsen, "Effects of cross phase modulation on supercontinuum generated in microstructured fibers with sub 30fs pulses," Opt. Express. 12, 4614-4624 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gorbach, A. V.

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, "Light trapping in gravity-like potentials and expansion of supercontinuum spectra in photonic-crystal fibers," Nature Photon. 1, 653-657 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, "Theory of radiation trapping by the accelerating solitons in optical fibers," Phy. Rew. A 76, 053803 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Gorbach, D. V. Skryabin, J. M. Stone, and J. C. Knight, "Four-wave mixing of solitons with radiation and quasi-nondispersive wave packet at the short-wavelength edge of a supercontinuum," Opt. Express. 14, 9854-9863 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goto, T.

N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, "Characteristics of pulse trapping by use of ultra short pulses in optical fiber across the zero-dispersion wavelength," Opt. Express. 10, 1151-1159 (2002).
[PubMed]

N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, "Pulse trapping by ultra short pulse in the optical fibers across zero-dispersion wavelength," Opt. Lett. 27, 152-154 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Joly, N. Y.

A. Podlipensky, P. Szarniak, N. Y. Joly, C. G. Poulton and P. St. J. Russell, "Bound soliton pairs in photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express. 15, 1653-1662 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, A. Yulin, N. Y. Joly, F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Time-spectrally-resolved ultrafast nonlinear dynamics in small-core photonic crystal fibers: Experiment and modeling," Opt. Express. 12, 6498-6507 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knight, J. C.

A. V. Gorbach, D. V. Skryabin, J. M. Stone, and J. C. Knight, "Four-wave mixing of solitons with radiation and quasi-nondispersive wave packet at the short-wavelength edge of a supercontinuum," Opt. Express. 14, 9854-9863 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, A. Yulin, N. Y. Joly, F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Time-spectrally-resolved ultrafast nonlinear dynamics in small-core photonic crystal fibers: Experiment and modeling," Opt. Express. 12, 6498-6507 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Soliton self-frequency shift cancellation in photonic crystal fibers," Science 301, 1705-1708(2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuhlmey, B. T.

T. P. White, B. T. Kuhlmey, R. C. McPhedran, D. Maystre, G. Renversez, C. Martin de Sterke, and L. C. Botten, "Multipole method for microstructured optical fibers, I. formulation," J. Opt. Soc. Am B 19, 2322-2340 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. C.

Lehtonen, M.

G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, and H. Ludvigsen, "Route to broadband blue-light generation in microstructured fibers," Opt. Lett. 30, 756-758 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, and H. Ludvigsen, "Effects of cross phase modulation on supercontinuum generated in microstructured fibers with sub 30fs pulses," Opt. Express. 12, 4614-4624 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Luan, F.

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Soliton self-frequency shift cancellation in photonic crystal fibers," Science 301, 1705-1708(2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ludvigsen, H.

G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, and H. Ludvigsen, "Route to broadband blue-light generation in microstructured fibers," Opt. Lett. 30, 756-758 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, and H. Ludvigsen, "Effects of cross phase modulation on supercontinuum generated in microstructured fibers with sub 30fs pulses," Opt. Express. 12, 4614-4624 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martin de Sterke, C.

T. P. White, B. T. Kuhlmey, R. C. McPhedran, D. Maystre, G. Renversez, C. Martin de Sterke, and L. C. Botten, "Multipole method for microstructured optical fibers, I. formulation," J. Opt. Soc. Am B 19, 2322-2340 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Maystre, D.

T. P. White, B. T. Kuhlmey, R. C. McPhedran, D. Maystre, G. Renversez, C. Martin de Sterke, and L. C. Botten, "Multipole method for microstructured optical fibers, I. formulation," J. Opt. Soc. Am B 19, 2322-2340 (2002).
[CrossRef]

McPhedran, R. C.

T. P. White, B. T. Kuhlmey, R. C. McPhedran, D. Maystre, G. Renversez, C. Martin de Sterke, and L. C. Botten, "Multipole method for microstructured optical fibers, I. formulation," J. Opt. Soc. Am B 19, 2322-2340 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Menyuk, C. R.

Nishizawa, N.

N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, "Characteristics of pulse trapping by use of ultra short pulses in optical fiber across the zero-dispersion wavelength," Opt. Express. 10, 1151-1159 (2002).
[PubMed]

N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, "Pulse trapping by ultra short pulse in the optical fibers across zero-dispersion wavelength," Opt. Lett. 27, 152-154 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Omenetto, F. G.

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, A. Yulin, N. Y. Joly, F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Time-spectrally-resolved ultrafast nonlinear dynamics in small-core photonic crystal fibers: Experiment and modeling," Opt. Express. 12, 6498-6507 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Podlipensky, A.

A. Podlipensky, P. Szarniak, N. Y. Joly, C. G. Poulton and P. St. J. Russell, "Bound soliton pairs in photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express. 15, 1653-1662 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Poulton, C. G.

A. Podlipensky, P. Szarniak, N. Y. Joly, C. G. Poulton and P. St. J. Russell, "Bound soliton pairs in photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express. 15, 1653-1662 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ranka, J. K.

Renversez, G.

T. P. White, B. T. Kuhlmey, R. C. McPhedran, D. Maystre, G. Renversez, C. Martin de Sterke, and L. C. Botten, "Multipole method for microstructured optical fibers, I. formulation," J. Opt. Soc. Am B 19, 2322-2340 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. St. J.

A. Podlipensky, P. Szarniak, N. Y. Joly, C. G. Poulton and P. St. J. Russell, "Bound soliton pairs in photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express. 15, 1653-1662 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, A. Yulin, N. Y. Joly, F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Time-spectrally-resolved ultrafast nonlinear dynamics in small-core photonic crystal fibers: Experiment and modeling," Opt. Express. 12, 6498-6507 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Soliton self-frequency shift cancellation in photonic crystal fibers," Science 301, 1705-1708(2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A.V. Yulin, D.V. Skryabin, and P. St. J. Russell, "Four-wave mixing of linear waves and solitons in fibers with higher order dispersion," Opt. Lett. 14, 1011-1013 (1989).

Skryabin, D. V.

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, "Theory of radiation trapping by the accelerating solitons in optical fibers," Phy. Rew. A 76, 053803 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, "Light trapping in gravity-like potentials and expansion of supercontinuum spectra in photonic-crystal fibers," Nature Photon. 1, 653-657 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Gorbach, D. V. Skryabin, J. M. Stone, and J. C. Knight, "Four-wave mixing of solitons with radiation and quasi-nondispersive wave packet at the short-wavelength edge of a supercontinuum," Opt. Express. 14, 9854-9863 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. V. Skryabin and A. V. Yulin, "Theory of generation of new frequencies by mixing of solitons and dispersive waves in optical fibers," Phy. Rev. E 72, 016619 (2005)
[CrossRef]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, A. Yulin, N. Y. Joly, F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Time-spectrally-resolved ultrafast nonlinear dynamics in small-core photonic crystal fibers: Experiment and modeling," Opt. Express. 12, 6498-6507 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Soliton self-frequency shift cancellation in photonic crystal fibers," Science 301, 1705-1708(2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Skryabin, D.V.

Stentz, A. J.

Stone, J. M.

A. V. Gorbach, D. V. Skryabin, J. M. Stone, and J. C. Knight, "Four-wave mixing of solitons with radiation and quasi-nondispersive wave packet at the short-wavelength edge of a supercontinuum," Opt. Express. 14, 9854-9863 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Szarniak, P.

A. Podlipensky, P. Szarniak, N. Y. Joly, C. G. Poulton and P. St. J. Russell, "Bound soliton pairs in photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express. 15, 1653-1662 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tartara, L.

L. Tartara, I. Cristiani, and V. DeGiorgio, "Blue light and infrared continuum generation by soliton fission in a macro-structured fiber," Appl. Phys. B 77, 307-311 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. Cristiani, R. Tediosi, L. Tartara, and V. Degiorgio, "Dispersive wave generation by solitons in micro-structured optical fibers," Opt. Express. 12, 124-135 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Taylor, A. J.

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, A. Yulin, N. Y. Joly, F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Time-spectrally-resolved ultrafast nonlinear dynamics in small-core photonic crystal fibers: Experiment and modeling," Opt. Express. 12, 6498-6507 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tediosi, R.

I. Cristiani, R. Tediosi, L. Tartara, and V. Degiorgio, "Dispersive wave generation by solitons in micro-structured optical fibers," Opt. Express. 12, 124-135 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Thomas, B. K.

Tsoy, E. N.

E. N. Tsoy and C. M. De Sterke, "Dynamics of ultra short pulses near zero dispersion wavelength," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 2425-2433 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. N. Tsoy and C. M. De Sterke, "Theoretical analysis of the self-frequency shift near zero-dispersion points: soliton spectral tunneling," Phy. Rev. A 76, 043804 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Voronin, A. A.

Wai, P. K.

White, T. P.

T. P. White, B. T. Kuhlmey, R. C. McPhedran, D. Maystre, G. Renversez, C. Martin de Sterke, and L. C. Botten, "Multipole method for microstructured optical fibers, I. formulation," J. Opt. Soc. Am B 19, 2322-2340 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Windeler, R. S.

Yulin, A.

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, A. Yulin, N. Y. Joly, F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Time-spectrally-resolved ultrafast nonlinear dynamics in small-core photonic crystal fibers: Experiment and modeling," Opt. Express. 12, 6498-6507 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yulin, A. V.

D. V. Skryabin and A. V. Yulin, "Theory of generation of new frequencies by mixing of solitons and dispersive waves in optical fibers," Phy. Rev. E 72, 016619 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Yulin, A.V.

Zheltikov, A.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

L. Tartara, I. Cristiani, and V. DeGiorgio, "Blue light and infrared continuum generation by soliton fission in a macro-structured fiber," Appl. Phys. B 77, 307-311 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am B (1)

T. P. White, B. T. Kuhlmey, R. C. McPhedran, D. Maystre, G. Renversez, C. Martin de Sterke, and L. C. Botten, "Multipole method for microstructured optical fibers, I. formulation," J. Opt. Soc. Am B 19, 2322-2340 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nature Photon. (1)

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, "Light trapping in gravity-like potentials and expansion of supercontinuum spectra in photonic-crystal fibers," Nature Photon. 1, 653-657 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Express. (6)

A. Podlipensky, P. Szarniak, N. Y. Joly, C. G. Poulton and P. St. J. Russell, "Bound soliton pairs in photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express. 15, 1653-1662 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Cristiani, R. Tediosi, L. Tartara, and V. Degiorgio, "Dispersive wave generation by solitons in micro-structured optical fibers," Opt. Express. 12, 124-135 (2003)
[CrossRef]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, A. Yulin, N. Y. Joly, F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Time-spectrally-resolved ultrafast nonlinear dynamics in small-core photonic crystal fibers: Experiment and modeling," Opt. Express. 12, 6498-6507 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Gorbach, D. V. Skryabin, J. M. Stone, and J. C. Knight, "Four-wave mixing of solitons with radiation and quasi-nondispersive wave packet at the short-wavelength edge of a supercontinuum," Opt. Express. 14, 9854-9863 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, "Characteristics of pulse trapping by use of ultra short pulses in optical fiber across the zero-dispersion wavelength," Opt. Express. 10, 1151-1159 (2002).
[PubMed]

G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, and H. Ludvigsen, "Effects of cross phase modulation on supercontinuum generated in microstructured fibers with sub 30fs pulses," Opt. Express. 12, 4614-4624 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phy. Rev. A (1)

E. N. Tsoy and C. M. De Sterke, "Theoretical analysis of the self-frequency shift near zero-dispersion points: soliton spectral tunneling," Phy. Rev. A 76, 043804 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phy. Rev. E (1)

D. V. Skryabin and A. V. Yulin, "Theory of generation of new frequencies by mixing of solitons and dispersive waves in optical fibers," Phy. Rev. E 72, 016619 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Phy. Rew. A (1)

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, "Theory of radiation trapping by the accelerating solitons in optical fibers," Phy. Rew. A 76, 053803 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phy. (1)

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers," Rev. Mod. Phy. 78, 1135-1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Soliton self-frequency shift cancellation in photonic crystal fibers," Science 301, 1705-1708(2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (4)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed., (Academic Press, 2007).

I. Hartl, L. B. Fu, B. K. Thomas, L. Dong, M. E. Fermann, J. Kim, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Menyuk, "Self-referenced fCEO stabilization of a low noise femtosecond fiber oscillator, " CLEO, paper CTuC4, San Jose, CA, May 2008.

J. M. Stone, J. C. Knight, and J. Clowes, "Visible white light generation in uniform photonic crystal fiber using a microchip laser," CLEO, paper CMT5, San Jose, May 2008.

L. B. Fu, B. K. Thomas, and L. Dong, "Small core ultra high numerical aperture fibers with very high nonlinearity," CLEO, paper CThV4, San Jose, May 2008.

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Figures (14)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Cross section, dispersion and group delay of SCF1, (b) Cross section, dispersion of SCF2.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

SCG in 17 cm long SCF1 versus peak pump power with the 1045nm pump, wavelength versus pump power (left), 3D plot (right).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

SCG in SCF1 at low pump powers with the 1045nm pump. Each curve is displaced by 20 dB.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

SC of SCF1 at high powers with the 1045nm pump.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Phase and group velocity match conditions in SCF1 with measured data.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

SC versus length at 2.6kWpeak pump power with the1045nm pump, wavelength versus length (right), 3D plot of cut-back measurement.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

SCG at different lengths at 2.6 kW pump peak power with the 1045nm pump.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

SCG in 1.35m SCF1 with the 1045nm pump.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

SCG in SCF2 versus peak pump powers, (a) the 1045nm pump and 1m long SCF2, (b) the 804nm pump and 50cm long SCF2, (c) 3D plot for the 1045nm pump, (d) 3D plot for the 804nm pump.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

(a) Wavelengths and peak spectral density of 1st solitons versus pump power with the 1045nm pump, (b) spectral density of the 1st solitons versus soliton peak wavelength, (c) spectral density of the 1st solitons at various pump powers.

Fig. 11.
Fig. 11.

(a) Group delay and relative phase, (β+ω/vg )z, for SCF2, (b) group velocity match and phase match conditions for SCF2.

Fig. 12.
Fig. 12.

(a) Dispersive wave wavelengths versus soliton wavelengths for the three solitons in symbols with predicted phase match condition (dotted line) and group velocity match condition (solid line). (b) soliton wavelength of the three solitons are plotted versus peak pump powers at 804nm on the left vertical axis and soliton powers are plotted with dispersive wave powers on the right vertical axis.

Fig. 12.
Fig. 12.

(c) SCG spectra in SCF2 with the 804nm pump.

Fig. 13.
Fig. 13.

(a) SCG dependence on pump polarization for pump power of 2.8kw at 1045nm, (b) SCG dependence on polarization in 3D plot.

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