Abstract

In this paper, we developed a novel and efficient method of deterministically organizing colloidal particles on structured surfaces over macroscopic areas. Our approach utilizes integrated solution-based processes of dielectric encapsulation and electrostatic-force-mediated self-assembly, which allow precisely controlled placement of sub-10nm sized particles at single particle resolution. As a specific demonstration, motivated by application to single photon sources, highly ordered 2D arrays of single II-VI semiconductor colloidal quantum dots (QDs) were created by this method. Individually, the QDs display triggered single photon emission at room temperature with characteristic photon antibunching statistics, suggesting a pathway to scalable quantum optical radiative systems.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. Y. N. Xia, B. Gates, and S. H. Park, "Fabrication of three-dimensional photonic crystals for use in the spectral region from ultraviolet to near-infrared," J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1956-1962 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Coe, W.-K. Woo, M. Bawendi, and V. Bulovi, "Electroluminescence from single monolayers of nanocrystals in molecular organic devices," Nature 420, 800-803 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S.-W. Chung, D. S. Ginger, M. W. Morales, Z. Zhang, V. Chandrasekhar, M. A. Ratner, and C. A. Mirkin, "Top-down meets bottom-up: dip-pen nanolithography and DNA-directed assembly of nanoscale electrical circuits," Small 1, 64-69 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. J. Tseng, C. Tsai, L. Ma, J. Ouyang, C. S. Ozkan, and Y. Yang, "Digital memory device based on tobacco mosaic virus conjugated with nanoparticles," Nature Nanotech. 1, 72-77 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Sun, C. B. Murray, D. Weller, L. Folks, and A. Moser, "Monodisperse FePt nanoparticles and ferromagnetic FePt nanocrystal superlattices," Science 287, 1989-1992 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. F. Ali,  et al. "DNA hybridization and discrimination of single-nucleotide mismatches using chip-based microbead arrays," Anal. Chem. 75, 4732-4739 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  7. B. Lounis and M. Orrit, "Single-photon sources," Rep. Prog. Phys. 68, 1129-1179 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. J. Shields, "Semiconductor quantum light sources," Nature Photon. 1, 215-223 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. P. Michler, "A quantum dot single-photon turnstile device," Science 290, 2282-2285 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. Strauf, P. Michler, M. Klude, D. Hommel, G. Bacher, and A. Forchel, "Quantum optical studies on individual acceptor bound excitons in a semiconductor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 177403 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. Kurtsiefer, S. Mayer, P. Zarda, and H. Weinfurter, "Stable solid-state source of single photons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 290-293 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  12. P. Michler, A. Imamoglu, M. D. Mason, P. J. Carson, G. F. Strouse, and F. K. Buratoo, "Quantum correlation among photons from a single quantum dot at room temperature," Nature 406, 968-970 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  13. C. B. Murray, D. J. Norris, and M. G. Bawendi, "Synthesis and characterization of nearly monodisperse CdE (E = S, Se, Te) semiconductor nanocrystallites," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 115, 8706-8715 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  14. V. I. Klimov, A. A. Mikhailovsky, D. W. McBranch, C. A. Leatherdale, and M. G. Bawendi, "Quantization of multiparticle Auger rates in semiconductor quantum dots," Science 287, 1011-1013 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  15. L.-W. Wang, M. Califano, A. Zunger, and A. Franceschetti, "Pseudopotential theory of Auger processes in CdSe quantum dots," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 056404 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  16. B. Lounis, H. A. Bechtel, D. Gerion, P. Alivisatos, and W. W. Moerner, "Photon antibunching in single CdSe/ZnS quantum dot fluorescence," Chem. Phys. Lett. 329, 399-404 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  17. X. Brokmann, E. Giacobino, M. Dahan, and J. P. Hermierb, "Highly efficient triggered emission of single photons by colloidal CdSe/ZnS nanocrystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 712-714 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  18. Y. Min, M. Akbulut, K. Kristiansen, Y. Golan, and J. Israelachvili, "The role of interparticle and external forces in nanoparticle assembly," Nature Mater. 7, 527-538 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  19. Y. Yin, Y. Lu, B. Gates, and Y. Xia, "Template-assisted self-assembly: a practical route to complex aggregates of monodispersed colloids with well-defined sizes, shapes, and structures," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 123, 8718-8729 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  20. Y. Cui, M. T. Björk, J. A. Liddle, C. Sönnichsen, B. Boussert, and A. P. Alivisatos, "Integration of colloidal nanocrystals into lithographically patterned devices," Nano. Lett.,  4, 1093-1098 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  21. T. Kraus, L. Malaquin, H. Schmid, W. Riess, N. D. Spencer, and H. Wolf, "Nanoparticle printing with single-particle resolution," Nature Nanotech. 2, 570-576 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  22. R. Xie, U. Kolb, J. Li, T. Basche, and A. Mews, "Synthesis and Characterization of Highly Luminescent CdSe-Core CdS/Zn0.5Cd0.5S/ZnS Multishell Nanocrystals," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 7480-7488 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  23. J. J. Li, Y. A. Wang, W. Z. Guo, J. C. Keay, T. D. Mishima, M. B. Johnson, and X. P. Peng, "Large-scale synthesis of nearly monodisperse CdSe/CdS core/shell nanocrystals using air-stable reagents via successive ion layer adsorption and reaction," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 12567-12575 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  24. B. Mahler, P. Spinicelli, S. Buil, X. Quelin, J.-P. Hermier, and B. Dubertret, "Towards non-blinking colloidal quantum dots," Nature Mater. 7, 659-664 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  25. F. J. Arriagada and K. Osseo-Asare, "Synthesis of nanosize silica in a nonionic water-in-oil microemulsion: effects of the water/surfactant molar ratio and ammonia concentration," J. Colloid Interface Sci. 211, 210-220 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  26. P. L. Luisi, and B. E. Straub, Reverse Micelles (Plenum, New York, 1984).
  27. S. T. Selvan, T. T. Tan, and J. Y. Ying, "Robust, non-cytotoxic, silica-coated CdSe quantum dots with efficient photoluminescence," Adv. Mater. 17, 1620-1625 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  28. M. Darbandi, R. Thomann, and T. Nann, "Single quantum dots in silica spheres by microemulsion synthesis," Chem. Mater. 17, 5720-5725 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  29. D. K. Yi, S. S. Lee, G. C. Papaefthymiou, and J. Y. Ying, "Nanoparticle architectures templated by SiO2/Fe2O3 nanocomposites," Chem. Mater. 18, 614-619 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  30. J. Aizenberg, P. V. Braun, and P. Wiltzius, "Patterned colloidal deposition controlled by electrostatic and capillary forces," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2997-3000 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  31. R. J. Mashl, N. Grǿnbech-Jensen, M. R. Fitzsimmons, M. Lütt, and D. Li, "Theoretical and experimental adsorption studies of polyelectrolytes on an oppositely charged surface," J. Chem. Phys. 110, 2219-2225 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  32. S. A. Empedocles, R. Neuhauser, K. Shimizu, and M. G. Bawendi, "Photoluminescence from single semiconductor nanostructures," Adv. Mater. 11, 1243-1256 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (2)

Y. Min, M. Akbulut, K. Kristiansen, Y. Golan, and J. Israelachvili, "The role of interparticle and external forces in nanoparticle assembly," Nature Mater. 7, 527-538 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Mahler, P. Spinicelli, S. Buil, X. Quelin, J.-P. Hermier, and B. Dubertret, "Towards non-blinking colloidal quantum dots," Nature Mater. 7, 659-664 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

T. Kraus, L. Malaquin, H. Schmid, W. Riess, N. D. Spencer, and H. Wolf, "Nanoparticle printing with single-particle resolution," Nature Nanotech. 2, 570-576 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Shields, "Semiconductor quantum light sources," Nature Photon. 1, 215-223 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

R. J. Tseng, C. Tsai, L. Ma, J. Ouyang, C. S. Ozkan, and Y. Yang, "Digital memory device based on tobacco mosaic virus conjugated with nanoparticles," Nature Nanotech. 1, 72-77 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. K. Yi, S. S. Lee, G. C. Papaefthymiou, and J. Y. Ying, "Nanoparticle architectures templated by SiO2/Fe2O3 nanocomposites," Chem. Mater. 18, 614-619 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (5)

R. Xie, U. Kolb, J. Li, T. Basche, and A. Mews, "Synthesis and Characterization of Highly Luminescent CdSe-Core CdS/Zn0.5Cd0.5S/ZnS Multishell Nanocrystals," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 7480-7488 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Selvan, T. T. Tan, and J. Y. Ying, "Robust, non-cytotoxic, silica-coated CdSe quantum dots with efficient photoluminescence," Adv. Mater. 17, 1620-1625 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Darbandi, R. Thomann, and T. Nann, "Single quantum dots in silica spheres by microemulsion synthesis," Chem. Mater. 17, 5720-5725 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S.-W. Chung, D. S. Ginger, M. W. Morales, Z. Zhang, V. Chandrasekhar, M. A. Ratner, and C. A. Mirkin, "Top-down meets bottom-up: dip-pen nanolithography and DNA-directed assembly of nanoscale electrical circuits," Small 1, 64-69 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Lounis and M. Orrit, "Single-photon sources," Rep. Prog. Phys. 68, 1129-1179 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

X. Brokmann, E. Giacobino, M. Dahan, and J. P. Hermierb, "Highly efficient triggered emission of single photons by colloidal CdSe/ZnS nanocrystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 712-714 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Cui, M. T. Björk, J. A. Liddle, C. Sönnichsen, B. Boussert, and A. P. Alivisatos, "Integration of colloidal nanocrystals into lithographically patterned devices," Nano. Lett.,  4, 1093-1098 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

J. J. Li, Y. A. Wang, W. Z. Guo, J. C. Keay, T. D. Mishima, M. B. Johnson, and X. P. Peng, "Large-scale synthesis of nearly monodisperse CdSe/CdS core/shell nanocrystals using air-stable reagents via successive ion layer adsorption and reaction," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 12567-12575 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L.-W. Wang, M. Califano, A. Zunger, and A. Franceschetti, "Pseudopotential theory of Auger processes in CdSe quantum dots," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 056404 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Ali,  et al. "DNA hybridization and discrimination of single-nucleotide mismatches using chip-based microbead arrays," Anal. Chem. 75, 4732-4739 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

S. Coe, W.-K. Woo, M. Bawendi, and V. Bulovi, "Electroluminescence from single monolayers of nanocrystals in molecular organic devices," Nature 420, 800-803 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Strauf, P. Michler, M. Klude, D. Hommel, G. Bacher, and A. Forchel, "Quantum optical studies on individual acceptor bound excitons in a semiconductor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 177403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

Y. Yin, Y. Lu, B. Gates, and Y. Xia, "Template-assisted self-assembly: a practical route to complex aggregates of monodispersed colloids with well-defined sizes, shapes, and structures," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 123, 8718-8729 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (7)

J. Aizenberg, P. V. Braun, and P. Wiltzius, "Patterned colloidal deposition controlled by electrostatic and capillary forces," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2997-3000 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Kurtsiefer, S. Mayer, P. Zarda, and H. Weinfurter, "Stable solid-state source of single photons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 290-293 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Michler, A. Imamoglu, M. D. Mason, P. J. Carson, G. F. Strouse, and F. K. Buratoo, "Quantum correlation among photons from a single quantum dot at room temperature," Nature 406, 968-970 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. Lounis, H. A. Bechtel, D. Gerion, P. Alivisatos, and W. W. Moerner, "Photon antibunching in single CdSe/ZnS quantum dot fluorescence," Chem. Phys. Lett. 329, 399-404 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. I. Klimov, A. A. Mikhailovsky, D. W. McBranch, C. A. Leatherdale, and M. G. Bawendi, "Quantization of multiparticle Auger rates in semiconductor quantum dots," Science 287, 1011-1013 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Sun, C. B. Murray, D. Weller, L. Folks, and A. Moser, "Monodisperse FePt nanoparticles and ferromagnetic FePt nanocrystal superlattices," Science 287, 1989-1992 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Michler, "A quantum dot single-photon turnstile device," Science 290, 2282-2285 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (4)

R. J. Mashl, N. Grǿnbech-Jensen, M. R. Fitzsimmons, M. Lütt, and D. Li, "Theoretical and experimental adsorption studies of polyelectrolytes on an oppositely charged surface," J. Chem. Phys. 110, 2219-2225 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Empedocles, R. Neuhauser, K. Shimizu, and M. G. Bawendi, "Photoluminescence from single semiconductor nanostructures," Adv. Mater. 11, 1243-1256 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. N. Xia, B. Gates, and S. H. Park, "Fabrication of three-dimensional photonic crystals for use in the spectral region from ultraviolet to near-infrared," J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1956-1962 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. J. Arriagada and K. Osseo-Asare, "Synthesis of nanosize silica in a nonionic water-in-oil microemulsion: effects of the water/surfactant molar ratio and ammonia concentration," J. Colloid Interface Sci. 211, 210-220 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

C. B. Murray, D. J. Norris, and M. G. Bawendi, "Synthesis and characterization of nearly monodisperse CdE (E = S, Se, Te) semiconductor nanocrystallites," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 115, 8706-8715 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Aizenberg, J.

J. Aizenberg, P. V. Braun, and P. Wiltzius, "Patterned colloidal deposition controlled by electrostatic and capillary forces," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2997-3000 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Akbulut, M.

Y. Min, M. Akbulut, K. Kristiansen, Y. Golan, and J. Israelachvili, "The role of interparticle and external forces in nanoparticle assembly," Nature Mater. 7, 527-538 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ali, M. F.

M. F. Ali,  et al. "DNA hybridization and discrimination of single-nucleotide mismatches using chip-based microbead arrays," Anal. Chem. 75, 4732-4739 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Alivisatos, A. P.

Y. Cui, M. T. Björk, J. A. Liddle, C. Sönnichsen, B. Boussert, and A. P. Alivisatos, "Integration of colloidal nanocrystals into lithographically patterned devices," Nano. Lett.,  4, 1093-1098 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Alivisatos, P.

B. Lounis, H. A. Bechtel, D. Gerion, P. Alivisatos, and W. W. Moerner, "Photon antibunching in single CdSe/ZnS quantum dot fluorescence," Chem. Phys. Lett. 329, 399-404 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Arriagada, F. J.

F. J. Arriagada and K. Osseo-Asare, "Synthesis of nanosize silica in a nonionic water-in-oil microemulsion: effects of the water/surfactant molar ratio and ammonia concentration," J. Colloid Interface Sci. 211, 210-220 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bacher, G.

S. Strauf, P. Michler, M. Klude, D. Hommel, G. Bacher, and A. Forchel, "Quantum optical studies on individual acceptor bound excitons in a semiconductor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 177403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Basche, T.

R. Xie, U. Kolb, J. Li, T. Basche, and A. Mews, "Synthesis and Characterization of Highly Luminescent CdSe-Core CdS/Zn0.5Cd0.5S/ZnS Multishell Nanocrystals," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 7480-7488 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bawendi, M.

S. Coe, W.-K. Woo, M. Bawendi, and V. Bulovi, "Electroluminescence from single monolayers of nanocrystals in molecular organic devices," Nature 420, 800-803 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bawendi, M. G.

V. I. Klimov, A. A. Mikhailovsky, D. W. McBranch, C. A. Leatherdale, and M. G. Bawendi, "Quantization of multiparticle Auger rates in semiconductor quantum dots," Science 287, 1011-1013 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Empedocles, R. Neuhauser, K. Shimizu, and M. G. Bawendi, "Photoluminescence from single semiconductor nanostructures," Adv. Mater. 11, 1243-1256 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. B. Murray, D. J. Norris, and M. G. Bawendi, "Synthesis and characterization of nearly monodisperse CdE (E = S, Se, Te) semiconductor nanocrystallites," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 115, 8706-8715 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bechtel, H. A.

B. Lounis, H. A. Bechtel, D. Gerion, P. Alivisatos, and W. W. Moerner, "Photon antibunching in single CdSe/ZnS quantum dot fluorescence," Chem. Phys. Lett. 329, 399-404 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Björk, M. T.

Y. Cui, M. T. Björk, J. A. Liddle, C. Sönnichsen, B. Boussert, and A. P. Alivisatos, "Integration of colloidal nanocrystals into lithographically patterned devices," Nano. Lett.,  4, 1093-1098 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Boussert, B.

Y. Cui, M. T. Björk, J. A. Liddle, C. Sönnichsen, B. Boussert, and A. P. Alivisatos, "Integration of colloidal nanocrystals into lithographically patterned devices," Nano. Lett.,  4, 1093-1098 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Braun, P. V.

J. Aizenberg, P. V. Braun, and P. Wiltzius, "Patterned colloidal deposition controlled by electrostatic and capillary forces," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2997-3000 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Brokmann, X.

X. Brokmann, E. Giacobino, M. Dahan, and J. P. Hermierb, "Highly efficient triggered emission of single photons by colloidal CdSe/ZnS nanocrystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 712-714 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Buil, S.

B. Mahler, P. Spinicelli, S. Buil, X. Quelin, J.-P. Hermier, and B. Dubertret, "Towards non-blinking colloidal quantum dots," Nature Mater. 7, 659-664 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bulovi, V.

S. Coe, W.-K. Woo, M. Bawendi, and V. Bulovi, "Electroluminescence from single monolayers of nanocrystals in molecular organic devices," Nature 420, 800-803 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Buratoo, F. K.

P. Michler, A. Imamoglu, M. D. Mason, P. J. Carson, G. F. Strouse, and F. K. Buratoo, "Quantum correlation among photons from a single quantum dot at room temperature," Nature 406, 968-970 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Califano, M.

L.-W. Wang, M. Califano, A. Zunger, and A. Franceschetti, "Pseudopotential theory of Auger processes in CdSe quantum dots," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 056404 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Carson, P. J.

P. Michler, A. Imamoglu, M. D. Mason, P. J. Carson, G. F. Strouse, and F. K. Buratoo, "Quantum correlation among photons from a single quantum dot at room temperature," Nature 406, 968-970 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chandrasekhar, V.

S.-W. Chung, D. S. Ginger, M. W. Morales, Z. Zhang, V. Chandrasekhar, M. A. Ratner, and C. A. Mirkin, "Top-down meets bottom-up: dip-pen nanolithography and DNA-directed assembly of nanoscale electrical circuits," Small 1, 64-69 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chung, S.-W.

S.-W. Chung, D. S. Ginger, M. W. Morales, Z. Zhang, V. Chandrasekhar, M. A. Ratner, and C. A. Mirkin, "Top-down meets bottom-up: dip-pen nanolithography and DNA-directed assembly of nanoscale electrical circuits," Small 1, 64-69 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Coe, S.

S. Coe, W.-K. Woo, M. Bawendi, and V. Bulovi, "Electroluminescence from single monolayers of nanocrystals in molecular organic devices," Nature 420, 800-803 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cui, Y.

Y. Cui, M. T. Björk, J. A. Liddle, C. Sönnichsen, B. Boussert, and A. P. Alivisatos, "Integration of colloidal nanocrystals into lithographically patterned devices," Nano. Lett.,  4, 1093-1098 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dahan, M.

X. Brokmann, E. Giacobino, M. Dahan, and J. P. Hermierb, "Highly efficient triggered emission of single photons by colloidal CdSe/ZnS nanocrystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 712-714 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Darbandi, M.

M. Darbandi, R. Thomann, and T. Nann, "Single quantum dots in silica spheres by microemulsion synthesis," Chem. Mater. 17, 5720-5725 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dubertret, B.

B. Mahler, P. Spinicelli, S. Buil, X. Quelin, J.-P. Hermier, and B. Dubertret, "Towards non-blinking colloidal quantum dots," Nature Mater. 7, 659-664 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Empedocles, S. A.

S. A. Empedocles, R. Neuhauser, K. Shimizu, and M. G. Bawendi, "Photoluminescence from single semiconductor nanostructures," Adv. Mater. 11, 1243-1256 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Folks, L.

S. Sun, C. B. Murray, D. Weller, L. Folks, and A. Moser, "Monodisperse FePt nanoparticles and ferromagnetic FePt nanocrystal superlattices," Science 287, 1989-1992 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Forchel, A.

S. Strauf, P. Michler, M. Klude, D. Hommel, G. Bacher, and A. Forchel, "Quantum optical studies on individual acceptor bound excitons in a semiconductor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 177403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Franceschetti, A.

L.-W. Wang, M. Califano, A. Zunger, and A. Franceschetti, "Pseudopotential theory of Auger processes in CdSe quantum dots," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 056404 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gates, B.

Y. Yin, Y. Lu, B. Gates, and Y. Xia, "Template-assisted self-assembly: a practical route to complex aggregates of monodispersed colloids with well-defined sizes, shapes, and structures," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 123, 8718-8729 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. N. Xia, B. Gates, and S. H. Park, "Fabrication of three-dimensional photonic crystals for use in the spectral region from ultraviolet to near-infrared," J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1956-1962 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gerion, D.

B. Lounis, H. A. Bechtel, D. Gerion, P. Alivisatos, and W. W. Moerner, "Photon antibunching in single CdSe/ZnS quantum dot fluorescence," Chem. Phys. Lett. 329, 399-404 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Giacobino, E.

X. Brokmann, E. Giacobino, M. Dahan, and J. P. Hermierb, "Highly efficient triggered emission of single photons by colloidal CdSe/ZnS nanocrystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 712-714 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ginger, D. S.

S.-W. Chung, D. S. Ginger, M. W. Morales, Z. Zhang, V. Chandrasekhar, M. A. Ratner, and C. A. Mirkin, "Top-down meets bottom-up: dip-pen nanolithography and DNA-directed assembly of nanoscale electrical circuits," Small 1, 64-69 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Golan, Y.

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J. J. Li, Y. A. Wang, W. Z. Guo, J. C. Keay, T. D. Mishima, M. B. Johnson, and X. P. Peng, "Large-scale synthesis of nearly monodisperse CdSe/CdS core/shell nanocrystals using air-stable reagents via successive ion layer adsorption and reaction," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 12567-12575 (2003).
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V. I. Klimov, A. A. Mikhailovsky, D. W. McBranch, C. A. Leatherdale, and M. G. Bawendi, "Quantization of multiparticle Auger rates in semiconductor quantum dots," Science 287, 1011-1013 (2000).
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R. Xie, U. Kolb, J. Li, T. Basche, and A. Mews, "Synthesis and Characterization of Highly Luminescent CdSe-Core CdS/Zn0.5Cd0.5S/ZnS Multishell Nanocrystals," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 7480-7488 (2005).
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B. Lounis, H. A. Bechtel, D. Gerion, P. Alivisatos, and W. W. Moerner, "Photon antibunching in single CdSe/ZnS quantum dot fluorescence," Chem. Phys. Lett. 329, 399-404 (2000).
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R. J. Tseng, C. Tsai, L. Ma, J. Ouyang, C. S. Ozkan, and Y. Yang, "Digital memory device based on tobacco mosaic virus conjugated with nanoparticles," Nature Nanotech. 1, 72-77 (2006).
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J. J. Li, Y. A. Wang, W. Z. Guo, J. C. Keay, T. D. Mishima, M. B. Johnson, and X. P. Peng, "Large-scale synthesis of nearly monodisperse CdSe/CdS core/shell nanocrystals using air-stable reagents via successive ion layer adsorption and reaction," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 12567-12575 (2003).
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B. Mahler, P. Spinicelli, S. Buil, X. Quelin, J.-P. Hermier, and B. Dubertret, "Towards non-blinking colloidal quantum dots," Nature Mater. 7, 659-664 (2008).
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S.-W. Chung, D. S. Ginger, M. W. Morales, Z. Zhang, V. Chandrasekhar, M. A. Ratner, and C. A. Mirkin, "Top-down meets bottom-up: dip-pen nanolithography and DNA-directed assembly of nanoscale electrical circuits," Small 1, 64-69 (2005).
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T. Kraus, L. Malaquin, H. Schmid, W. Riess, N. D. Spencer, and H. Wolf, "Nanoparticle printing with single-particle resolution," Nature Nanotech. 2, 570-576 (2007).
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T. Kraus, L. Malaquin, H. Schmid, W. Riess, N. D. Spencer, and H. Wolf, "Nanoparticle printing with single-particle resolution," Nature Nanotech. 2, 570-576 (2007).
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T. Kraus, L. Malaquin, H. Schmid, W. Riess, N. D. Spencer, and H. Wolf, "Nanoparticle printing with single-particle resolution," Nature Nanotech. 2, 570-576 (2007).
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B. Mahler, P. Spinicelli, S. Buil, X. Quelin, J.-P. Hermier, and B. Dubertret, "Towards non-blinking colloidal quantum dots," Nature Mater. 7, 659-664 (2008).
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S. Strauf, P. Michler, M. Klude, D. Hommel, G. Bacher, and A. Forchel, "Quantum optical studies on individual acceptor bound excitons in a semiconductor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 177403 (2002).
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P. Michler, A. Imamoglu, M. D. Mason, P. J. Carson, G. F. Strouse, and F. K. Buratoo, "Quantum correlation among photons from a single quantum dot at room temperature," Nature 406, 968-970 (2000).
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S. Sun, C. B. Murray, D. Weller, L. Folks, and A. Moser, "Monodisperse FePt nanoparticles and ferromagnetic FePt nanocrystal superlattices," Science 287, 1989-1992 (2000).
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S. T. Selvan, T. T. Tan, and J. Y. Ying, "Robust, non-cytotoxic, silica-coated CdSe quantum dots with efficient photoluminescence," Adv. Mater. 17, 1620-1625 (2005).
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M. Darbandi, R. Thomann, and T. Nann, "Single quantum dots in silica spheres by microemulsion synthesis," Chem. Mater. 17, 5720-5725 (2005).
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R. J. Tseng, C. Tsai, L. Ma, J. Ouyang, C. S. Ozkan, and Y. Yang, "Digital memory device based on tobacco mosaic virus conjugated with nanoparticles," Nature Nanotech. 1, 72-77 (2006).
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R. J. Tseng, C. Tsai, L. Ma, J. Ouyang, C. S. Ozkan, and Y. Yang, "Digital memory device based on tobacco mosaic virus conjugated with nanoparticles," Nature Nanotech. 1, 72-77 (2006).
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Xie, R.

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R. J. Tseng, C. Tsai, L. Ma, J. Ouyang, C. S. Ozkan, and Y. Yang, "Digital memory device based on tobacco mosaic virus conjugated with nanoparticles," Nature Nanotech. 1, 72-77 (2006).
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D. K. Yi, S. S. Lee, G. C. Papaefthymiou, and J. Y. Ying, "Nanoparticle architectures templated by SiO2/Fe2O3 nanocomposites," Chem. Mater. 18, 614-619 (2006).
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Y. Yin, Y. Lu, B. Gates, and Y. Xia, "Template-assisted self-assembly: a practical route to complex aggregates of monodispersed colloids with well-defined sizes, shapes, and structures," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 123, 8718-8729 (2001).
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D. K. Yi, S. S. Lee, G. C. Papaefthymiou, and J. Y. Ying, "Nanoparticle architectures templated by SiO2/Fe2O3 nanocomposites," Chem. Mater. 18, 614-619 (2006).
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C. Kurtsiefer, S. Mayer, P. Zarda, and H. Weinfurter, "Stable solid-state source of single photons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 290-293 (2000).
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S.-W. Chung, D. S. Ginger, M. W. Morales, Z. Zhang, V. Chandrasekhar, M. A. Ratner, and C. A. Mirkin, "Top-down meets bottom-up: dip-pen nanolithography and DNA-directed assembly of nanoscale electrical circuits," Small 1, 64-69 (2005).
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L.-W. Wang, M. Califano, A. Zunger, and A. Franceschetti, "Pseudopotential theory of Auger processes in CdSe quantum dots," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 056404 (2003).
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Adv. Mater. (2)

S. T. Selvan, T. T. Tan, and J. Y. Ying, "Robust, non-cytotoxic, silica-coated CdSe quantum dots with efficient photoluminescence," Adv. Mater. 17, 1620-1625 (2005).
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Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

B. Lounis, H. A. Bechtel, D. Gerion, P. Alivisatos, and W. W. Moerner, "Photon antibunching in single CdSe/ZnS quantum dot fluorescence," Chem. Phys. Lett. 329, 399-404 (2000).
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Supplementary Material (4)

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