Abstract

A photonic crystal nanocavity with a Quality (Q) factor of 1.4×106, a mode volume of 0.78(λ/n)3, and an operating wavelength of 637 nm is designed in a silicon nitride (SiNx) ridge waveguide with refractive index of 2.0. The effect on the cavity Q factor and mode volume of single diamond nanocrystals of various sizes and locations embedded in the center and on top of the nanocavity is simulated, demonstrating that Q>1×106 is achievable for realistic parameters. An analysis of the figures of merit for cavity quantum electrodynamics reveals that strong coupling between an embedded diamond nitrogen-vacancy center and the cavity mode is achievable for a range of cavity dimensions.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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2008 (8)

Y. Shen, T. M. Sweeney, and H. Wang, "Zero-phonon linewidth of single nitrogen vacancy centers in diamond nanocrystals," Phys. Rev. B 77, 033201 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Rivoire, A. Faraon, and J. Vu?ckovi’c, "Gallium phosphide photonic crystal nanocavities in the visible," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 063103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Barth, N. Nusse, J. Stingl, B. Lochel, and O. Benson, "Emission properties of high-Q silicon nitride photonic crystal heterostructure cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 021112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. R. M. Zain, M. Gnan, H. M. H. Chong, M. Sorel, and R. M. D. L. Rue, "Tapered photonic crystal microcavities embedded in photonic wire waveguides with large resonance Quality-factor and high transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 6-8 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Kreuzer, J. Riedrich-Moller, E. Neu, and C. Becher, "Design of photonic crystal microcavities in diamond films," Opt. Express 16, 1632-1644 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Bayn and J. Salzman, "Ultra high-Q photonic crystal nanocavity design: The effect of a low-index slab material," Opt. Express 16, 4972 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, and H. Taniyama, "Ultrahigh-Q nanocavity with 1D photonic gap," Opt. Express 16, 11095-11102 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang and M. Loncar, "Ultra-high quality factor optical resonators based on semiconductor nanowires," Opt. Express 16, 17400-17409 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (10)

M. G. Banaee, A. G. Pattantyus-Abraham, M. W. McCutcheon, G. W. Rieger, and J. F. Young, "Efficient coupling of photonic crystal microcavity modes to a ridge waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 193106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, A. Shinya, and H. Taniyama, "Trapping and delaying photons for one nanosecond in an ultrasmall high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavity," Na. Photonics 1, 49-52 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. W. McCutcheon, A. G. Pattantyus-Abraham, G. W. Rieger, and J. F. Young, "Emission spectrum of electromagnetic energy stored in a dynamically perturbed optical microcavity," Opt. Express 15, 11472-11480 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Barth, J. Kouba, J. Stingl, B. Lochel, and O. Benson, "Modification of visible spontaneous emission with silicon nitride photonic crystal nanocavities," Opt. Express 15, 17231-17240 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Eichenfeld, C. P. Michael, R. Perahia, and O. Painter, "Actuation of micro-optomechanical systems via cavityenhanced optical dipole forces," Nat. Photonic.s 1, 416-422 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. F. Wang, R. Hanson, D. D. Awschalom, E. L. Hu, T. Feygelson, J. Yang, and J. E. Butler, "Fabrication and characterization of two-dimensional photonic crystal microcavities in nanocrystalline diamond," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atature, S. Gulde, S. Falt, E. L. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, "Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot-cavity system," Nature 445, 896-899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Srinivasan and O. Painter, "Linear and nonlinear optical spectroscopy of a strongly coupled microdiskquantum dot system," Nature 450, 862-865 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Englund, A. Faraon, I. Fushman, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vuckovic, "Controlling cavity reflectivity with a single quantum dot," Nature 450, 857-861 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. V. G. Dutt, L. Childress, L. Jiang, E. Togan, J. Maze, F. Jelezko, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, "Quantum register based on individual electronic and nuclear spin qubits in diamond," Science 316, 1312-1316 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (10)

C. Santori, P. Tamarat, P. Neumann, J. Wrachtrup, D. Fattal, R. G. Beausoleil, J. Rabeau, P. Olivero, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, F. Jelezko, and P. Hemmer, "Coherent population trapping of single spins in diamond under optical excitation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 247401 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Hanson, F. M. Mendoza, R. J. Epstein, and D. D. Awschalom, "Polarization and readout of coupled single spins in diamond," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 087601 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Gaebel, M. Domhan, I. Popa, C. Wittmann, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, J. R. Rabeau, N. Stavrias, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, P. R. Hemmer, and J. Wachtrup, "Room-temperature coherent coupling of single spins in diamond," Nat. Phys. 2, 408-413 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Greentree, J. Salzman, S. Prawer, and L. C. L. Hollenberg, "Quantum gate for Q switching in monolithic photonic-band-gap cavities containing two-level atoms," Phys. Rev. A 73, 013818 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Childress, M. V. G. Dutt, J. M. Taylor, A. S. Zibrov, F. Jelezko, J. Wrachtrup, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, "Coherent dynamics of coupled electron and nuclear spins in diamond," Science 314, 281-285 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Walther, B. T. H. Varcoe, B.-G. Englert, and T. Becker, "Cavity quantum electrodynamics," Rep. Prog. Phys. 69, 1325-1382 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya, T. Tanabe, and T. Watanabe, "Ultrahigh-Q photonic crystal nanocavities realized by the local width modulation of a line defect," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y.-S. Park, A. K. Cook, and H. Wang, "Cavity QED with diamond nanocrystals and silica microspheres," Nano Lett. 6, 2075-2079 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Tamarat, T. Gaebel, J. R. Rabeau, M. Khan, A. D. Greentree, H. Wilson, L. C. L. Hollenberg, S. Prawer, P. Hemmer, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, "Stark shift control of single optical centers in diamond," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 083002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, M. J. Steel, and C. M. de Sterke, "Diamond based photonic crystal microcavities," Opt. Express 14, 3556-3562 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (8)

C. Sauvan, G. Lecamp, P. Lalanne, and J. Hugonin, "Modal-reflectivity enhancement by geometry tuning in photonic crystal microcavities," Opt. Express 13, 245-255 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Borselli, T. J. Johnson, and O. Painter, "Beyond the Rayleigh scattering limit in high-Q silicon microdisks: theory and experiment," Opt. Express 13, 1515-1530 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. F. Koenderink, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, and V. Sandoghdar, "Spontaneous emission in the near field of two-dimensional photonic crystals," Opt. Lett. 30, 3210-3212 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Badolato, K. Hennessy,M. Atature, J. Dreiser, E. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and A. Imamoglu, "Deterministic coupling of single quantum dots to single nanocavity modes," Science 308, 1158-1161 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. E. Barclay, K. Srinivasan, O. Painter, B. Lev, and H. Mabuchi, "Integration of fiber-coupled high-Q SiNx microdisks with atom chips," Appl. Phys. Lett. 13, 801 (2005).

B. S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, "Ultra-high-Q photonic double-heterostructure nanocavity," Nat. Mater. 4, 207-210 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Miller, T. E. Northrup, K. M. Birnbaum, A. Boca, A. D. Boozer, and H. J. Kimble, "Trapped atoms in cavity QED: coupling quantized light and matter," J. Phys. B 38, S551-S565 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Meijer, B. Burchard, M. Domhan, C. Wittmann, T. Gaebel, I. Popa, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, "Generation of single color centers by focused nitrogen implantation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 261909 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (5)

F. Jelezko, T. Gaebel, I. Popa, M. Domhan, A. Gruber, and J. Wrachtrup, "Observation of coherent oscillations in a single electron spin," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 076401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432, 200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. P. Reithmaier, G. Sek, A. Loffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, "Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system," Nature 432, 197-200 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, P. M. Petroff, and E. L. Hu, "Positioning photonic crystal cavities to single InAs quantum dots," Photon. Nanostruct. 2, 65-72 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Lalanne and S. M. J. P. Hugonin, "Two physical mechanisms for boosting the quality factor to cavity volume ratio of photonic crystal microcavities," Opt. Express 12, 458-467 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

P. Lalanne and J. P. Hugonin, "Bloch-wave engineering for high-Q, small-V microcavities," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1430-1438 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

A. Bevaratos, S. Kuhn, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, "Room temperature stable singlephoton source," Eur. Phys. J. D 18, 191-196 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Vuckovic, M. Loncar, H. Mabuchi, and A. Scherer, "Optimization of the Q factor in photonic crystal micro-cavities," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 850-856 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

J. Vuckovic, M. Loncar, H. Mabuchi, and A. Scherer, "Design of photonic crystal microcavities for cavity QED," Phys. Rev. E 65, 016608 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

C. Kurtsiefer, S. Mayer, P. Zarda, and H. Weinfurter, "Stable solid-state source of single photons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 290-293 (2000).
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1999 (1)

1997 (2)

J. I. Cirac, P. Zoller, H. J. Kimble, and H. Mabuchi, "Quantum state transfer and entanglement distribution among distant nodes in a quantum network," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3221-3224 (1997).
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S. J. van Enk, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Ideal quantum communication over noisy channels: A quantum optical implementation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4293-4296 (1997).
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1992 (1)

C. Weisbuch, M. Nishioka, A. Ishikawa, and Y. Arakawa, "Observation of the coupled exciton-photon mode splitting in a semiconductor quantum microcavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 3314-3317 (1992).
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B. S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, "Ultra-high-Q photonic double-heterostructure nanocavity," Nat. Mater. 4, 207-210 (2005).
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C. Weisbuch, M. Nishioka, A. Ishikawa, and Y. Arakawa, "Observation of the coupled exciton-photon mode splitting in a semiconductor quantum microcavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 3314-3317 (1992).
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B. S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, "Ultra-high-Q photonic double-heterostructure nanocavity," Nat. Mater. 4, 207-210 (2005).
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Atature, M.

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atature, S. Gulde, S. Falt, E. L. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, "Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot-cavity system," Nature 445, 896-899 (2007).
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A. Badolato, K. Hennessy,M. Atature, J. Dreiser, E. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and A. Imamoglu, "Deterministic coupling of single quantum dots to single nanocavity modes," Science 308, 1158-1161 (2005).
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Awschalom, D. D.

C. F. Wang, R. Hanson, D. D. Awschalom, E. L. Hu, T. Feygelson, J. Yang, and J. E. Butler, "Fabrication and characterization of two-dimensional photonic crystal microcavities in nanocrystalline diamond," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201112 (2007).
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R. Hanson, F. M. Mendoza, R. J. Epstein, and D. D. Awschalom, "Polarization and readout of coupled single spins in diamond," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 087601 (2006).
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Badolato, A.

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atature, S. Gulde, S. Falt, E. L. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, "Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot-cavity system," Nature 445, 896-899 (2007).
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A. Badolato, K. Hennessy,M. Atature, J. Dreiser, E. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and A. Imamoglu, "Deterministic coupling of single quantum dots to single nanocavity modes," Science 308, 1158-1161 (2005).
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K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, P. M. Petroff, and E. L. Hu, "Positioning photonic crystal cavities to single InAs quantum dots," Photon. Nanostruct. 2, 65-72 (2004).
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Banaee, M. G.

M. G. Banaee, A. G. Pattantyus-Abraham, M. W. McCutcheon, G. W. Rieger, and J. F. Young, "Efficient coupling of photonic crystal microcavity modes to a ridge waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 193106 (2007).
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P. E. Barclay, K. Srinivasan, O. Painter, B. Lev, and H. Mabuchi, "Integration of fiber-coupled high-Q SiNx microdisks with atom chips," Appl. Phys. Lett. 13, 801 (2005).

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M. Barth, N. Nusse, J. Stingl, B. Lochel, and O. Benson, "Emission properties of high-Q silicon nitride photonic crystal heterostructure cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 021112 (2008).
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M. Barth, J. Kouba, J. Stingl, B. Lochel, and O. Benson, "Modification of visible spontaneous emission with silicon nitride photonic crystal nanocavities," Opt. Express 15, 17231-17240 (2007).
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Bayn, I.

Beausoleil, R. G.

C. Santori, P. Tamarat, P. Neumann, J. Wrachtrup, D. Fattal, R. G. Beausoleil, J. Rabeau, P. Olivero, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, F. Jelezko, and P. Hemmer, "Coherent population trapping of single spins in diamond under optical excitation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 247401 (2006).
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Becher, C.

Becker, T.

H. Walther, B. T. H. Varcoe, B.-G. Englert, and T. Becker, "Cavity quantum electrodynamics," Rep. Prog. Phys. 69, 1325-1382 (2006).
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Benson, O.

M. Barth, N. Nusse, J. Stingl, B. Lochel, and O. Benson, "Emission properties of high-Q silicon nitride photonic crystal heterostructure cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 021112 (2008).
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M. Barth, J. Kouba, J. Stingl, B. Lochel, and O. Benson, "Modification of visible spontaneous emission with silicon nitride photonic crystal nanocavities," Opt. Express 15, 17231-17240 (2007).
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A. Bevaratos, S. Kuhn, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, "Room temperature stable singlephoton source," Eur. Phys. J. D 18, 191-196 (2002).
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R. Miller, T. E. Northrup, K. M. Birnbaum, A. Boca, A. D. Boozer, and H. J. Kimble, "Trapped atoms in cavity QED: coupling quantized light and matter," J. Phys. B 38, S551-S565 (2005).
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R. Miller, T. E. Northrup, K. M. Birnbaum, A. Boca, A. D. Boozer, and H. J. Kimble, "Trapped atoms in cavity QED: coupling quantized light and matter," J. Phys. B 38, S551-S565 (2005).
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Boozer, A. D.

R. Miller, T. E. Northrup, K. M. Birnbaum, A. Boca, A. D. Boozer, and H. J. Kimble, "Trapped atoms in cavity QED: coupling quantized light and matter," J. Phys. B 38, S551-S565 (2005).
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Borselli, M.

Brouri, R.

A. Bevaratos, S. Kuhn, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, "Room temperature stable singlephoton source," Eur. Phys. J. D 18, 191-196 (2002).
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Burchard, B.

J. Meijer, B. Burchard, M. Domhan, C. Wittmann, T. Gaebel, I. Popa, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, "Generation of single color centers by focused nitrogen implantation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 261909 (2005).
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Butler, J. E.

C. F. Wang, R. Hanson, D. D. Awschalom, E. L. Hu, T. Feygelson, J. Yang, and J. E. Butler, "Fabrication and characterization of two-dimensional photonic crystal microcavities in nanocrystalline diamond," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Childress, L.

M. V. G. Dutt, L. Childress, L. Jiang, E. Togan, J. Maze, F. Jelezko, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, "Quantum register based on individual electronic and nuclear spin qubits in diamond," Science 316, 1312-1316 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Childress, M. V. G. Dutt, J. M. Taylor, A. S. Zibrov, F. Jelezko, J. Wrachtrup, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, "Coherent dynamics of coupled electron and nuclear spins in diamond," Science 314, 281-285 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chong, H. M. H.

A. R. M. Zain, M. Gnan, H. M. H. Chong, M. Sorel, and R. M. D. L. Rue, "Tapered photonic crystal microcavities embedded in photonic wire waveguides with large resonance Quality-factor and high transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 6-8 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cirac, J. I.

J. I. Cirac, P. Zoller, H. J. Kimble, and H. Mabuchi, "Quantum state transfer and entanglement distribution among distant nodes in a quantum network," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3221-3224 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. J. van Enk, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Ideal quantum communication over noisy channels: A quantum optical implementation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4293-4296 (1997).
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Cook, A. K.

Y.-S. Park, A. K. Cook, and H. Wang, "Cavity QED with diamond nanocrystals and silica microspheres," Nano Lett. 6, 2075-2079 (2006).
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de Sterke, C. M.

Deppe, D. G.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432, 200-203 (2004).
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Domhan, M.

T. Gaebel, M. Domhan, I. Popa, C. Wittmann, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, J. R. Rabeau, N. Stavrias, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, P. R. Hemmer, and J. Wachtrup, "Room-temperature coherent coupling of single spins in diamond," Nat. Phys. 2, 408-413 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Meijer, B. Burchard, M. Domhan, C. Wittmann, T. Gaebel, I. Popa, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, "Generation of single color centers by focused nitrogen implantation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 261909 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Jelezko, T. Gaebel, I. Popa, M. Domhan, A. Gruber, and J. Wrachtrup, "Observation of coherent oscillations in a single electron spin," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 076401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dreiser, J.

A. Badolato, K. Hennessy,M. Atature, J. Dreiser, E. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and A. Imamoglu, "Deterministic coupling of single quantum dots to single nanocavity modes," Science 308, 1158-1161 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dutt, M. V. G.

M. V. G. Dutt, L. Childress, L. Jiang, E. Togan, J. Maze, F. Jelezko, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, "Quantum register based on individual electronic and nuclear spin qubits in diamond," Science 316, 1312-1316 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Childress, M. V. G. Dutt, J. M. Taylor, A. S. Zibrov, F. Jelezko, J. Wrachtrup, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, "Coherent dynamics of coupled electron and nuclear spins in diamond," Science 314, 281-285 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eichenfeld, M.

M. Eichenfeld, C. P. Michael, R. Perahia, and O. Painter, "Actuation of micro-optomechanical systems via cavityenhanced optical dipole forces," Nat. Photonic.s 1, 416-422 (2007).
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Ell, C.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432, 200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Englert, B.-G.

H. Walther, B. T. H. Varcoe, B.-G. Englert, and T. Becker, "Cavity quantum electrodynamics," Rep. Prog. Phys. 69, 1325-1382 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Englund, D.

D. Englund, A. Faraon, I. Fushman, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vuckovic, "Controlling cavity reflectivity with a single quantum dot," Nature 450, 857-861 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Epstein, R. J.

R. Hanson, F. M. Mendoza, R. J. Epstein, and D. D. Awschalom, "Polarization and readout of coupled single spins in diamond," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 087601 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Falt, S.

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atature, S. Gulde, S. Falt, E. L. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, "Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot-cavity system," Nature 445, 896-899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Faraon, A.

K. Rivoire, A. Faraon, and J. Vu?ckovi’c, "Gallium phosphide photonic crystal nanocavities in the visible," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 063103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Englund, A. Faraon, I. Fushman, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vuckovic, "Controlling cavity reflectivity with a single quantum dot," Nature 450, 857-861 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fattal, D.

C. Santori, P. Tamarat, P. Neumann, J. Wrachtrup, D. Fattal, R. G. Beausoleil, J. Rabeau, P. Olivero, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, F. Jelezko, and P. Hemmer, "Coherent population trapping of single spins in diamond under optical excitation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 247401 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Feygelson, T.

C. F. Wang, R. Hanson, D. D. Awschalom, E. L. Hu, T. Feygelson, J. Yang, and J. E. Butler, "Fabrication and characterization of two-dimensional photonic crystal microcavities in nanocrystalline diamond," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Forchel, A.

J. P. Reithmaier, G. Sek, A. Loffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, "Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system," Nature 432, 197-200 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fushman, I.

D. Englund, A. Faraon, I. Fushman, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vuckovic, "Controlling cavity reflectivity with a single quantum dot," Nature 450, 857-861 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gacoin, T.

A. Bevaratos, S. Kuhn, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, "Room temperature stable singlephoton source," Eur. Phys. J. D 18, 191-196 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gaebel, T.

T. Gaebel, M. Domhan, I. Popa, C. Wittmann, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, J. R. Rabeau, N. Stavrias, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, P. R. Hemmer, and J. Wachtrup, "Room-temperature coherent coupling of single spins in diamond," Nat. Phys. 2, 408-413 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Tamarat, T. Gaebel, J. R. Rabeau, M. Khan, A. D. Greentree, H. Wilson, L. C. L. Hollenberg, S. Prawer, P. Hemmer, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, "Stark shift control of single optical centers in diamond," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 083002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Meijer, B. Burchard, M. Domhan, C. Wittmann, T. Gaebel, I. Popa, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, "Generation of single color centers by focused nitrogen implantation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 261909 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Jelezko, T. Gaebel, I. Popa, M. Domhan, A. Gruber, and J. Wrachtrup, "Observation of coherent oscillations in a single electron spin," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 076401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gerace, D.

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atature, S. Gulde, S. Falt, E. L. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, "Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot-cavity system," Nature 445, 896-899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gibbs, H. M.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432, 200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gnan, M.

A. R. M. Zain, M. Gnan, H. M. H. Chong, M. Sorel, and R. M. D. L. Rue, "Tapered photonic crystal microcavities embedded in photonic wire waveguides with large resonance Quality-factor and high transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 6-8 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Grangier, P.

A. Bevaratos, S. Kuhn, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, "Room temperature stable singlephoton source," Eur. Phys. J. D 18, 191-196 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Greentree, A. D.

T. Gaebel, M. Domhan, I. Popa, C. Wittmann, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, J. R. Rabeau, N. Stavrias, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, P. R. Hemmer, and J. Wachtrup, "Room-temperature coherent coupling of single spins in diamond," Nat. Phys. 2, 408-413 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Tamarat, T. Gaebel, J. R. Rabeau, M. Khan, A. D. Greentree, H. Wilson, L. C. L. Hollenberg, S. Prawer, P. Hemmer, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, "Stark shift control of single optical centers in diamond," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 083002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. D. Greentree, J. Salzman, S. Prawer, and L. C. L. Hollenberg, "Quantum gate for Q switching in monolithic photonic-band-gap cavities containing two-level atoms," Phys. Rev. A 73, 013818 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Santori, P. Tamarat, P. Neumann, J. Wrachtrup, D. Fattal, R. G. Beausoleil, J. Rabeau, P. Olivero, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, F. Jelezko, and P. Hemmer, "Coherent population trapping of single spins in diamond under optical excitation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 247401 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gruber, A.

F. Jelezko, T. Gaebel, I. Popa, M. Domhan, A. Gruber, and J. Wrachtrup, "Observation of coherent oscillations in a single electron spin," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 076401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gulde, S.

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atature, S. Gulde, S. Falt, E. L. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, "Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot-cavity system," Nature 445, 896-899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hanson, R.

C. F. Wang, R. Hanson, D. D. Awschalom, E. L. Hu, T. Feygelson, J. Yang, and J. E. Butler, "Fabrication and characterization of two-dimensional photonic crystal microcavities in nanocrystalline diamond," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Hanson, F. M. Mendoza, R. J. Epstein, and D. D. Awschalom, "Polarization and readout of coupled single spins in diamond," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 087601 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hemmer, P.

C. Santori, P. Tamarat, P. Neumann, J. Wrachtrup, D. Fattal, R. G. Beausoleil, J. Rabeau, P. Olivero, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, F. Jelezko, and P. Hemmer, "Coherent population trapping of single spins in diamond under optical excitation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 247401 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Tamarat, T. Gaebel, J. R. Rabeau, M. Khan, A. D. Greentree, H. Wilson, L. C. L. Hollenberg, S. Prawer, P. Hemmer, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, "Stark shift control of single optical centers in diamond," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 083002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hemmer, P. R.

M. V. G. Dutt, L. Childress, L. Jiang, E. Togan, J. Maze, F. Jelezko, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, "Quantum register based on individual electronic and nuclear spin qubits in diamond," Science 316, 1312-1316 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Gaebel, M. Domhan, I. Popa, C. Wittmann, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, J. R. Rabeau, N. Stavrias, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, P. R. Hemmer, and J. Wachtrup, "Room-temperature coherent coupling of single spins in diamond," Nat. Phys. 2, 408-413 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Childress, M. V. G. Dutt, J. M. Taylor, A. S. Zibrov, F. Jelezko, J. Wrachtrup, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, "Coherent dynamics of coupled electron and nuclear spins in diamond," Science 314, 281-285 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hendrickson, J.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432, 200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hennessy, K.

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atature, S. Gulde, S. Falt, E. L. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, "Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot-cavity system," Nature 445, 896-899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Badolato, K. Hennessy,M. Atature, J. Dreiser, E. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and A. Imamoglu, "Deterministic coupling of single quantum dots to single nanocavity modes," Science 308, 1158-1161 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, P. M. Petroff, and E. L. Hu, "Positioning photonic crystal cavities to single InAs quantum dots," Photon. Nanostruct. 2, 65-72 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hofmann, C.

J. P. Reithmaier, G. Sek, A. Loffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, "Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system," Nature 432, 197-200 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hollenberg, L. C. L.

P. Tamarat, T. Gaebel, J. R. Rabeau, M. Khan, A. D. Greentree, H. Wilson, L. C. L. Hollenberg, S. Prawer, P. Hemmer, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, "Stark shift control of single optical centers in diamond," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 083002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. D. Greentree, J. Salzman, S. Prawer, and L. C. L. Hollenberg, "Quantum gate for Q switching in monolithic photonic-band-gap cavities containing two-level atoms," Phys. Rev. A 73, 013818 (2006).
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J. P. Reithmaier, G. Sek, A. Loffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, "Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system," Nature 432, 197-200 (2004).
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Riedrich-Moller, J.

Rieger, G. W.

M. W. McCutcheon, A. G. Pattantyus-Abraham, G. W. Rieger, and J. F. Young, "Emission spectrum of electromagnetic energy stored in a dynamically perturbed optical microcavity," Opt. Express 15, 11472-11480 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. G. Banaee, A. G. Pattantyus-Abraham, M. W. McCutcheon, G. W. Rieger, and J. F. Young, "Efficient coupling of photonic crystal microcavity modes to a ridge waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 193106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rivoire, K.

K. Rivoire, A. Faraon, and J. Vu?ckovi’c, "Gallium phosphide photonic crystal nanocavities in the visible," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 063103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rue, R. M. D. L.

A. R. M. Zain, M. Gnan, H. M. H. Chong, M. Sorel, and R. M. D. L. Rue, "Tapered photonic crystal microcavities embedded in photonic wire waveguides with large resonance Quality-factor and high transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 6-8 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rupper, G.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432, 200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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I. Bayn and J. Salzman, "Ultra high-Q photonic crystal nanocavity design: The effect of a low-index slab material," Opt. Express 16, 4972 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. D. Greentree, J. Salzman, S. Prawer, and L. C. L. Hollenberg, "Quantum gate for Q switching in monolithic photonic-band-gap cavities containing two-level atoms," Phys. Rev. A 73, 013818 (2006).
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Sandoghdar, V.

Santori, C.

C. Santori, P. Tamarat, P. Neumann, J. Wrachtrup, D. Fattal, R. G. Beausoleil, J. Rabeau, P. Olivero, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, F. Jelezko, and P. Hemmer, "Coherent population trapping of single spins in diamond under optical excitation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 247401 (2006).
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Sauvan, C.

Scherer, A.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432, 200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sek, G.

J. P. Reithmaier, G. Sek, A. Loffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, "Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system," Nature 432, 197-200 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shchekin, O. B.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432, 200-203 (2004).
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Y. Shen, T. M. Sweeney, and H. Wang, "Zero-phonon linewidth of single nitrogen vacancy centers in diamond nanocrystals," Phys. Rev. B 77, 033201 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shinya, A.

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, A. Shinya, and H. Taniyama, "Trapping and delaying photons for one nanosecond in an ultrasmall high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavity," Na. Photonics 1, 49-52 (2007).
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E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya, T. Tanabe, and T. Watanabe, "Ultrahigh-Q photonic crystal nanocavities realized by the local width modulation of a line defect," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041112 (2006).
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B. S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, "Ultra-high-Q photonic double-heterostructure nanocavity," Nat. Mater. 4, 207-210 (2005).
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Sorel, M.

A. R. M. Zain, M. Gnan, H. M. H. Chong, M. Sorel, and R. M. D. L. Rue, "Tapered photonic crystal microcavities embedded in photonic wire waveguides with large resonance Quality-factor and high transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 6-8 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Soukoulis, C. M.

Srinivasan, K.

K. Srinivasan and O. Painter, "Linear and nonlinear optical spectroscopy of a strongly coupled microdiskquantum dot system," Nature 450, 862-865 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. E. Barclay, K. Srinivasan, O. Painter, B. Lev, and H. Mabuchi, "Integration of fiber-coupled high-Q SiNx microdisks with atom chips," Appl. Phys. Lett. 13, 801 (2005).

Stavrias, N.

T. Gaebel, M. Domhan, I. Popa, C. Wittmann, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, J. R. Rabeau, N. Stavrias, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, P. R. Hemmer, and J. Wachtrup, "Room-temperature coherent coupling of single spins in diamond," Nat. Phys. 2, 408-413 (2006).
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Steel, M. J.

Stingl, J.

M. Barth, N. Nusse, J. Stingl, B. Lochel, and O. Benson, "Emission properties of high-Q silicon nitride photonic crystal heterostructure cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 021112 (2008).
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M. Barth, J. Kouba, J. Stingl, B. Lochel, and O. Benson, "Modification of visible spontaneous emission with silicon nitride photonic crystal nanocavities," Opt. Express 15, 17231-17240 (2007).
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D. Englund, A. Faraon, I. Fushman, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vuckovic, "Controlling cavity reflectivity with a single quantum dot," Nature 450, 857-861 (2007).
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Y. Shen, T. M. Sweeney, and H. Wang, "Zero-phonon linewidth of single nitrogen vacancy centers in diamond nanocrystals," Phys. Rev. B 77, 033201 (2008).
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Tamarat, P.

P. Tamarat, T. Gaebel, J. R. Rabeau, M. Khan, A. D. Greentree, H. Wilson, L. C. L. Hollenberg, S. Prawer, P. Hemmer, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, "Stark shift control of single optical centers in diamond," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 083002 (2006).
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C. Santori, P. Tamarat, P. Neumann, J. Wrachtrup, D. Fattal, R. G. Beausoleil, J. Rabeau, P. Olivero, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, F. Jelezko, and P. Hemmer, "Coherent population trapping of single spins in diamond under optical excitation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 247401 (2006).
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Tanabe, T.

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, A. Shinya, and H. Taniyama, "Trapping and delaying photons for one nanosecond in an ultrasmall high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavity," Na. Photonics 1, 49-52 (2007).
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E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya, T. Tanabe, and T. Watanabe, "Ultrahigh-Q photonic crystal nanocavities realized by the local width modulation of a line defect," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041112 (2006).
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M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, and H. Taniyama, "Ultrahigh-Q nanocavity with 1D photonic gap," Opt. Express 16, 11095-11102 (2008).
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T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, A. Shinya, and H. Taniyama, "Trapping and delaying photons for one nanosecond in an ultrasmall high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavity," Na. Photonics 1, 49-52 (2007).
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Taylor, J. M.

L. Childress, M. V. G. Dutt, J. M. Taylor, A. S. Zibrov, F. Jelezko, J. Wrachtrup, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, "Coherent dynamics of coupled electron and nuclear spins in diamond," Science 314, 281-285 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Togan, E.

M. V. G. Dutt, L. Childress, L. Jiang, E. Togan, J. Maze, F. Jelezko, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, "Quantum register based on individual electronic and nuclear spin qubits in diamond," Science 316, 1312-1316 (2007).
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Twamley, J.

T. Gaebel, M. Domhan, I. Popa, C. Wittmann, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, J. R. Rabeau, N. Stavrias, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, P. R. Hemmer, and J. Wachtrup, "Room-temperature coherent coupling of single spins in diamond," Nat. Phys. 2, 408-413 (2006).
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van Enk, S. J.

S. J. van Enk, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Ideal quantum communication over noisy channels: A quantum optical implementation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4293-4296 (1997).
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H. Walther, B. T. H. Varcoe, B.-G. Englert, and T. Becker, "Cavity quantum electrodynamics," Rep. Prog. Phys. 69, 1325-1382 (2006).
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T. Gaebel, M. Domhan, I. Popa, C. Wittmann, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, J. R. Rabeau, N. Stavrias, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, P. R. Hemmer, and J. Wachtrup, "Room-temperature coherent coupling of single spins in diamond," Nat. Phys. 2, 408-413 (2006).
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H. Walther, B. T. H. Varcoe, B.-G. Englert, and T. Becker, "Cavity quantum electrodynamics," Rep. Prog. Phys. 69, 1325-1382 (2006).
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C. F. Wang, R. Hanson, D. D. Awschalom, E. L. Hu, T. Feygelson, J. Yang, and J. E. Butler, "Fabrication and characterization of two-dimensional photonic crystal microcavities in nanocrystalline diamond," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201112 (2007).
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Wang, H.

Y. Shen, T. M. Sweeney, and H. Wang, "Zero-phonon linewidth of single nitrogen vacancy centers in diamond nanocrystals," Phys. Rev. B 77, 033201 (2008).
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Y.-S. Park, A. K. Cook, and H. Wang, "Cavity QED with diamond nanocrystals and silica microspheres," Nano Lett. 6, 2075-2079 (2006).
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E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya, T. Tanabe, and T. Watanabe, "Ultrahigh-Q photonic crystal nanocavities realized by the local width modulation of a line defect," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041112 (2006).
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C. Kurtsiefer, S. Mayer, P. Zarda, and H. Weinfurter, "Stable solid-state source of single photons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 290-293 (2000).
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C. Weisbuch, M. Nishioka, A. Ishikawa, and Y. Arakawa, "Observation of the coupled exciton-photon mode splitting in a semiconductor quantum microcavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 3314-3317 (1992).
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P. Tamarat, T. Gaebel, J. R. Rabeau, M. Khan, A. D. Greentree, H. Wilson, L. C. L. Hollenberg, S. Prawer, P. Hemmer, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, "Stark shift control of single optical centers in diamond," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 083002 (2006).
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Winger, M.

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atature, S. Gulde, S. Falt, E. L. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, "Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot-cavity system," Nature 445, 896-899 (2007).
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T. Gaebel, M. Domhan, I. Popa, C. Wittmann, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, J. R. Rabeau, N. Stavrias, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, P. R. Hemmer, and J. Wachtrup, "Room-temperature coherent coupling of single spins in diamond," Nat. Phys. 2, 408-413 (2006).
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J. Meijer, B. Burchard, M. Domhan, C. Wittmann, T. Gaebel, I. Popa, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, "Generation of single color centers by focused nitrogen implantation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 261909 (2005).
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Wrachtrup, J.

P. Tamarat, T. Gaebel, J. R. Rabeau, M. Khan, A. D. Greentree, H. Wilson, L. C. L. Hollenberg, S. Prawer, P. Hemmer, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, "Stark shift control of single optical centers in diamond," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 083002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Childress, M. V. G. Dutt, J. M. Taylor, A. S. Zibrov, F. Jelezko, J. Wrachtrup, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, "Coherent dynamics of coupled electron and nuclear spins in diamond," Science 314, 281-285 (2006).
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C. Santori, P. Tamarat, P. Neumann, J. Wrachtrup, D. Fattal, R. G. Beausoleil, J. Rabeau, P. Olivero, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, F. Jelezko, and P. Hemmer, "Coherent population trapping of single spins in diamond under optical excitation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 247401 (2006).
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J. Meijer, B. Burchard, M. Domhan, C. Wittmann, T. Gaebel, I. Popa, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, "Generation of single color centers by focused nitrogen implantation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 261909 (2005).
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F. Jelezko, T. Gaebel, I. Popa, M. Domhan, A. Gruber, and J. Wrachtrup, "Observation of coherent oscillations in a single electron spin," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 076401 (2004).
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Yang, J.

C. F. Wang, R. Hanson, D. D. Awschalom, E. L. Hu, T. Feygelson, J. Yang, and J. E. Butler, "Fabrication and characterization of two-dimensional photonic crystal microcavities in nanocrystalline diamond," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yoshie, T.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432, 200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Young, J. F.

M. W. McCutcheon, A. G. Pattantyus-Abraham, G. W. Rieger, and J. F. Young, "Emission spectrum of electromagnetic energy stored in a dynamically perturbed optical microcavity," Opt. Express 15, 11472-11480 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. G. Banaee, A. G. Pattantyus-Abraham, M. W. McCutcheon, G. W. Rieger, and J. F. Young, "Efficient coupling of photonic crystal microcavity modes to a ridge waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 193106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zain, A. R. M.

A. R. M. Zain, M. Gnan, H. M. H. Chong, M. Sorel, and R. M. D. L. Rue, "Tapered photonic crystal microcavities embedded in photonic wire waveguides with large resonance Quality-factor and high transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 6-8 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zarda, P.

C. Kurtsiefer, S. Mayer, P. Zarda, and H. Weinfurter, "Stable solid-state source of single photons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 290-293 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y.

Zibrov, A. S.

M. V. G. Dutt, L. Childress, L. Jiang, E. Togan, J. Maze, F. Jelezko, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, "Quantum register based on individual electronic and nuclear spin qubits in diamond," Science 316, 1312-1316 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Childress, M. V. G. Dutt, J. M. Taylor, A. S. Zibrov, F. Jelezko, J. Wrachtrup, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, "Coherent dynamics of coupled electron and nuclear spins in diamond," Science 314, 281-285 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zoller, P.

J. I. Cirac, P. Zoller, H. J. Kimble, and H. Mabuchi, "Quantum state transfer and entanglement distribution among distant nodes in a quantum network," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3221-3224 (1997).
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S. J. van Enk, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Ideal quantum communication over noisy channels: A quantum optical implementation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4293-4296 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (7)

J. Meijer, B. Burchard, M. Domhan, C. Wittmann, T. Gaebel, I. Popa, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, "Generation of single color centers by focused nitrogen implantation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 261909 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. F. Wang, R. Hanson, D. D. Awschalom, E. L. Hu, T. Feygelson, J. Yang, and J. E. Butler, "Fabrication and characterization of two-dimensional photonic crystal microcavities in nanocrystalline diamond," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Rivoire, A. Faraon, and J. Vu?ckovi’c, "Gallium phosphide photonic crystal nanocavities in the visible," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 063103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. E. Barclay, K. Srinivasan, O. Painter, B. Lev, and H. Mabuchi, "Integration of fiber-coupled high-Q SiNx microdisks with atom chips," Appl. Phys. Lett. 13, 801 (2005).

E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya, T. Tanabe, and T. Watanabe, "Ultrahigh-Q photonic crystal nanocavities realized by the local width modulation of a line defect," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Barth, N. Nusse, J. Stingl, B. Lochel, and O. Benson, "Emission properties of high-Q silicon nitride photonic crystal heterostructure cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 021112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Banaee, A. G. Pattantyus-Abraham, M. W. McCutcheon, G. W. Rieger, and J. F. Young, "Efficient coupling of photonic crystal microcavity modes to a ridge waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 193106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. D (1)

A. Bevaratos, S. Kuhn, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, "Room temperature stable singlephoton source," Eur. Phys. J. D 18, 191-196 (2002).
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IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

P. Lalanne and J. P. Hugonin, "Bloch-wave engineering for high-Q, small-V microcavities," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1430-1438 (2003).
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J. Vuckovic, M. Loncar, H. Mabuchi, and A. Scherer, "Optimization of the Q factor in photonic crystal micro-cavities," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 850-856 (2002).
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IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

A. R. M. Zain, M. Gnan, H. M. H. Chong, M. Sorel, and R. M. D. L. Rue, "Tapered photonic crystal microcavities embedded in photonic wire waveguides with large resonance Quality-factor and high transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 6-8 (2008).
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J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. B (1)

R. Miller, T. E. Northrup, K. M. Birnbaum, A. Boca, A. D. Boozer, and H. J. Kimble, "Trapped atoms in cavity QED: coupling quantized light and matter," J. Phys. B 38, S551-S565 (2005).
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Nano Lett. (1)

Y.-S. Park, A. K. Cook, and H. Wang, "Cavity QED with diamond nanocrystals and silica microspheres," Nano Lett. 6, 2075-2079 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (1)

B. S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, "Ultra-high-Q photonic double-heterostructure nanocavity," Nat. Mater. 4, 207-210 (2005).
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Nat. Photonics (2)

M. Eichenfeld, C. P. Michael, R. Perahia, and O. Painter, "Actuation of micro-optomechanical systems via cavityenhanced optical dipole forces," Nat. Photonic.s 1, 416-422 (2007).
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T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, A. Shinya, and H. Taniyama, "Trapping and delaying photons for one nanosecond in an ultrasmall high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavity," Na. Photonics 1, 49-52 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys. (1)

T. Gaebel, M. Domhan, I. Popa, C. Wittmann, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, J. R. Rabeau, N. Stavrias, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, P. R. Hemmer, and J. Wachtrup, "Room-temperature coherent coupling of single spins in diamond," Nat. Phys. 2, 408-413 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nature (5)

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432, 200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. P. Reithmaier, G. Sek, A. Loffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, "Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system," Nature 432, 197-200 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atature, S. Gulde, S. Falt, E. L. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, "Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot-cavity system," Nature 445, 896-899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Srinivasan and O. Painter, "Linear and nonlinear optical spectroscopy of a strongly coupled microdiskquantum dot system," Nature 450, 862-865 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Englund, A. Faraon, I. Fushman, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vuckovic, "Controlling cavity reflectivity with a single quantum dot," Nature 450, 857-861 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (10)

P. Lalanne and S. M. J. P. Hugonin, "Two physical mechanisms for boosting the quality factor to cavity volume ratio of photonic crystal microcavities," Opt. Express 12, 458-467 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Sauvan, G. Lecamp, P. Lalanne, and J. Hugonin, "Modal-reflectivity enhancement by geometry tuning in photonic crystal microcavities," Opt. Express 13, 245-255 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Borselli, T. J. Johnson, and O. Painter, "Beyond the Rayleigh scattering limit in high-Q silicon microdisks: theory and experiment," Opt. Express 13, 1515-1530 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, M. J. Steel, and C. M. de Sterke, "Diamond based photonic crystal microcavities," Opt. Express 14, 3556-3562 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. W. McCutcheon, A. G. Pattantyus-Abraham, G. W. Rieger, and J. F. Young, "Emission spectrum of electromagnetic energy stored in a dynamically perturbed optical microcavity," Opt. Express 15, 11472-11480 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Barth, J. Kouba, J. Stingl, B. Lochel, and O. Benson, "Modification of visible spontaneous emission with silicon nitride photonic crystal nanocavities," Opt. Express 15, 17231-17240 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Kreuzer, J. Riedrich-Moller, E. Neu, and C. Becher, "Design of photonic crystal microcavities in diamond films," Opt. Express 16, 1632-1644 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Bayn and J. Salzman, "Ultra high-Q photonic crystal nanocavity design: The effect of a low-index slab material," Opt. Express 16, 4972 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, and H. Taniyama, "Ultrahigh-Q nanocavity with 1D photonic gap," Opt. Express 16, 11095-11102 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang and M. Loncar, "Ultra-high quality factor optical resonators based on semiconductor nanowires," Opt. Express 16, 17400-17409 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Photon. Nanostruct. (1)

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, P. M. Petroff, and E. L. Hu, "Positioning photonic crystal cavities to single InAs quantum dots," Photon. Nanostruct. 2, 65-72 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

A. D. Greentree, J. Salzman, S. Prawer, and L. C. L. Hollenberg, "Quantum gate for Q switching in monolithic photonic-band-gap cavities containing two-level atoms," Phys. Rev. A 73, 013818 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

Y. Shen, T. M. Sweeney, and H. Wang, "Zero-phonon linewidth of single nitrogen vacancy centers in diamond nanocrystals," Phys. Rev. B 77, 033201 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

J. Vuckovic, M. Loncar, H. Mabuchi, and A. Scherer, "Design of photonic crystal microcavities for cavity QED," Phys. Rev. E 65, 016608 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (8)

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

F. Jelezko, T. Gaebel, I. Popa, M. Domhan, A. Gruber, and J. Wrachtrup, "Observation of coherent oscillations in a single electron spin," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 076401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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[CrossRef]

R. Hanson, F. M. Mendoza, R. J. Epstein, and D. D. Awschalom, "Polarization and readout of coupled single spins in diamond," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 087601 (2006).
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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

H. Walther, B. T. H. Varcoe, B.-G. Englert, and T. Becker, "Cavity quantum electrodynamics," Rep. Prog. Phys. 69, 1325-1382 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Science (3)

L. Childress, M. V. G. Dutt, J. M. Taylor, A. S. Zibrov, F. Jelezko, J. Wrachtrup, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, "Coherent dynamics of coupled electron and nuclear spins in diamond," Science 314, 281-285 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. V. G. Dutt, L. Childress, L. Jiang, E. Togan, J. Maze, F. Jelezko, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, "Quantum register based on individual electronic and nuclear spin qubits in diamond," Science 316, 1312-1316 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Badolato, K. Hennessy,M. Atature, J. Dreiser, E. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and A. Imamoglu, "Deterministic coupling of single quantum dots to single nanocavity modes," Science 308, 1158-1161 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

We use Lumerical FDTD Solutions for all our simulations.

J.-M. Gerard, "Solid-state cavity-quantum electrodynamics with self-assembled quantum dots" in Single quantum dots: fundamentals, applications, and new concepts, P. Michler, ed., (Springer, 2003), pp. 269-314.

P. E. Barclay, "Fiber-coupled nanophotonic devices for nonlinear optics and cavity QED," PhD. Thesis, California Institute of Technology (2007).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Sketch of the 1D photonic crystal waveguide nanocavity, showing a 60 nm diamond nanocrystal located on top of a cavity of length s. The taper and photonic crystal mirror sections are symmetric about the cavity center.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Loss parameter for 5 different designs of photonic crystal mirrors. The inset defines the hole pitch (a) and radii (r). For each taper design, r is linearly increased from 55 to 70 nm, and a from 214 to 250 nm. (b) Quality factor (circles) and effective mode volume (squares) as a function of cavity length for a free-standing PhC ridge waveguide in SiN x with a 4-hole and 7-hole taper and a 17 period mirror. (c) Cavity mode electric field (E y ) for the 7-hole taper cavity with Q=1.4×106.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Effect on the mode Q factor of a single diamond nanocrystal cube (n=2.43) of varying size and displacement placed on top of the s=100 nm 4-hole taper nanocavity, which has a maximum unperturbed Q of 115,000 (see Fig. 2(b)). The white box in (a) shows the range over which the nanocrystal is positioned, and the bar images show the Q factor as a function of position for NCs of size (b) 60 nm (c) 40 nm and (d) 20 nm. (x,y)=(0,0) denotes the nanocavity center (top surface).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Relevant cavity QED rates as a function of cavity length. γ/2π is the spontaneous emission rate of the NV center, κ/2π is the cavity decoherence rate with an embedded 20 nm NC (shown for the 4-hole and 7-hole taper cavities), and g c /2π (g t /2π) is the Rabi frequency of the diamond NC embedded in the center (placed on top) of the cavity. For clarity, g c /2π and g t /2π are only plotted for the 4-hole taper cavity. They are not significantly different for the 7-hole taper cavity.

Equations (3)

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E 1 ph = h ̄ ω 2 ε 0 n 2 V ,
μ = 3 π ε 0 c 3 h ̄ τ n e ω 3 ,
g 0 = 3 π c 3 2 τ ω 2 n e n c 2 V .

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