Abstract

We establish the principal limits for the nanoconcentration of the THz radiation in metal/dielectric waveguides and determine their optimum shapes required for this nanoconcentration. We predict that the adiabatic compression of THz radiation from the initial spot size of R0 ∼λ0 to the final size of R = 100− 250 nm can be achieved, while the THz radiation intensity is increased by a factor of ×10 to ×250. This THz energy nanoconcentration will not only improve the spatial resolution and increase the signal/noise ratio for the THz imaging and spectroscopy, but in combination with the recently developed sources of powerful THz pulses will allow the observation of nonlinear THz effects and a variety of nonlinear spectroscopies (such as two-dimensional spectroscopy), which are highly informative. This will find a wide spectrum of applications in science, engineering, biomedical research, environmental monitoring, and defense.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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  28. S. Komiyama, O. Astafiev, V. Antonov, T. Kutsuwa, and H. Hirai, "A single-photon detector in the far-infrared range," Nature 403, 405-407 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  29. B. Ferguson and X.-C. Zhang, "Materials for terahertz science and technology," Nature Materials 1, 26-33 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  30. M. Tonouchi, "Cutting-edge terahertz technology," Nature Photonics 1, 97-105 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  31. D. Dragoman and M. Dragoman, "Terahertz fields and applications," Prog. Quantum Electron. 28, 1-66 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  32. K. V. Nerkararyan, A. A. Hakhoumian, and A. E. Babayan, "Terahertz surface plasmon-polariton superfocusing in coaxial cone semiconductor structures," Plasmonics 3, 27-31 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  33. F. Keilmann, "Status of THz-to-visible nanospectroscopy development," J. Biol. Phys. 29, 195-199 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  34. R. Merlin, "Radiationless electromagnetic interference: evanescent-field lenses and perfect focusing," Science 317, 927-929 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (5)

J. Hebling, K. L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, and K. A. Nelson, "High-power THz generation, THz nonlinear optics, and THz nonlinear spectroscopy," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 345-353 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. V. Nerkararyan, A. A. Hakhoumian, and A. E. Babayan, "Terahertz surface plasmon-polariton superfocusing in coaxial cone semiconductor structures," Plasmonics 3, 27-31 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. D. Angelis, M. Patrini, G. Das, I. Maksymov, M. Galli, L. Businaro, L. C. Andreani, and E. D. Fabrizio, "A hybrid plasmonic-photonic nanodevice for label-free detection of a few molecules," Nano Lett. 8, 2321-2327 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Verhagen, A. Polman, and L. Kuipers, "Nanofocusing in laterally tapered plasmonic waveguides," Opt. Express 16, 45-57 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Lecaque, S. Gresillon, and C. Boccara, "THz emission microscopy with sub-wavelength broadband source," Opt. Express 16, 4731-4738 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (7)

E. Verhagen, L. Kuipers, and A. Polman, "Enhanced nonlinear optical effects with a tapered plasmonic waveguide," Nano Lett. 7, 334-337 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Ropers, C. C. Neacsu, T. Elsaesser, M. Albrecht, M. B. Raschke, and C. Lienau, "Grating-coupling of surface plasmons onto metallic tips: A nano-confined light source," Nano Lett. 7, 2784-2788 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Chan, J. Deibel, and D. M. Mittleman, "Imaging with terahertz radiation," Rep. Prog. Phys. 70, 1325-1379 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Merlin, "Radiationless electromagnetic interference: evanescent-field lenses and perfect focusing," Science 317, 927-929 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Seelig, K. Leslie, A. Renn, S. Kuhn, V. Jacobsen, M. van de Corput, C. Wyman, and V. Sandoghdar, "Nanoparticle-induced fluorescence lifetime modification as nanoscopic ruler: Demonstration at the single molecule level," Nano Lett. 7, 685-689 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Tonouchi, "Cutting-edge terahertz technology," Nature Photonics 1, 97-105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shen, T. Watanabe, D. A. Arena, C. C. Kao, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. J. Wang, and G. L. Carr, "Nonlinear cross-phase modulation with intense single-cycle terahertz pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 043901-1-4 (2007).

2006 (2)

S. A. Maier, S. R. Andrews, L. Martin-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, "Terahertz surface plasmon-polariton propagation and focusing on periodically corrugated metal wires," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 176805-1-4 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Novotny and S. J. Stranick, "Near-field optical microscopy and spectroscopy with pointed probes," Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 57, 303-331 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

N. Klein, P. Lahl, U. Poppe, F. Kadlec, and P. Kuzel, "A netal-dielectric antenna for terahertz near-field imaging," J. Appl. Phys. 98, 014910-1-5 (2005).

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, and J. B. Pendry, "Surfaces with holes in them: New plasmonic metamaterials," J. Opt. A 7, S97-S101 (2005).

2004 (4)

J. B. Pendry, L. Martin-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, "Mimicking surface plasmons with structured surfaces," Science 305, 847-848 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Saxler, J. Gómez Rivas, C. Janke, H. P. M. Pellemans, P. H. Bolivar, and H. Kurz, "Time-domain measurements of surface plasmon polaritons in the terahertz frequency range," Phys. Rev. B 69, 155427-1-4 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Dragoman and M. Dragoman, "Terahertz fields and applications," Prog. Quantum Electron. 28, 1-66 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Stockman, "Nanofocusing of optical energy in tapered plasmonic waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 137404-1-4 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

H. T. Chen, R. Kersting, and G. C. Cho, "Terahertz imaging with nanometer resolution," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3009-3011 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Lewis, H. Taha, A. Strinkovski, A. Manevitch, A. Khatchatouriants, R. Dekhter, and E. Ammann, "Nearfield optics: From subwavelength illumination to nanometric shadowing," Nature Biotechnology 21, 1377-1386 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Keilmann, "Status of THz-to-visible nanospectroscopy development," J. Biol. Phys. 29, 195-199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

B. Ferguson and X.-C. Zhang, "Materials for terahertz science and technology," Nature Materials 1, 26-33 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

S. Komiyama, O. Astafiev, V. Antonov, T. Kutsuwa, and H. Hirai, "A single-photon detector in the far-infrared range," Nature 403, 405-407 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

A. Kramer, F. Keilmann, B. Knoll, and R. Guckenberger, "The coaxial tip as a nano-antenna for scanning nearfield microwave transmission microscopy," Micron 27, 413-417 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. Keilmann, D.W. van derWeide, T. Eickelkamp, R. Merz, and D. Stockle, "Extreme sub-wavelength resolution with a scanning radio-frequency transmission microscope," Opt. Commun. 129, 15-18 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

F. Keilmann, "FIR microscopy," Infrared Physics and Technology 36, 217-224 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

D. L. Mills and A. A. Maradudin, "Surface corrugation and surface-polariton binding in the infrared frequency range," Phys. Rev. B 39, 1569-1574 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

1907 (1)

J. Zenneck, "Fortplfanzung ebener elektromagnetischer Wellen laengs einer ebenen Leiterflaeche," Ann. Phys. 23, 846-866 (1907).
[CrossRef]

1899 (1)

A. Sommerfeld, "Ueber die Fortpflanzung elektrodynamischer Wellen laengs eines Drahtes," Ann. Phys. Chem. 67, 233 - 290 (1899).
[CrossRef]

Albrecht, M.

C. Ropers, C. C. Neacsu, T. Elsaesser, M. Albrecht, M. B. Raschke, and C. Lienau, "Grating-coupling of surface plasmons onto metallic tips: A nano-confined light source," Nano Lett. 7, 2784-2788 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Alexander, J. R.W.

Ammann, E.

A. Lewis, H. Taha, A. Strinkovski, A. Manevitch, A. Khatchatouriants, R. Dekhter, and E. Ammann, "Nearfield optics: From subwavelength illumination to nanometric shadowing," Nature Biotechnology 21, 1377-1386 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Andreani, L. C.

F. D. Angelis, M. Patrini, G. Das, I. Maksymov, M. Galli, L. Businaro, L. C. Andreani, and E. D. Fabrizio, "A hybrid plasmonic-photonic nanodevice for label-free detection of a few molecules," Nano Lett. 8, 2321-2327 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Andrews, S. R.

S. A. Maier, S. R. Andrews, L. Martin-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, "Terahertz surface plasmon-polariton propagation and focusing on periodically corrugated metal wires," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 176805-1-4 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Angelis, F. D.

F. D. Angelis, M. Patrini, G. Das, I. Maksymov, M. Galli, L. Businaro, L. C. Andreani, and E. D. Fabrizio, "A hybrid plasmonic-photonic nanodevice for label-free detection of a few molecules," Nano Lett. 8, 2321-2327 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Antonov, V.

S. Komiyama, O. Astafiev, V. Antonov, T. Kutsuwa, and H. Hirai, "A single-photon detector in the far-infrared range," Nature 403, 405-407 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Arena, D. A.

Y. Shen, T. Watanabe, D. A. Arena, C. C. Kao, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. J. Wang, and G. L. Carr, "Nonlinear cross-phase modulation with intense single-cycle terahertz pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 043901-1-4 (2007).

Astafiev, O.

S. Komiyama, O. Astafiev, V. Antonov, T. Kutsuwa, and H. Hirai, "A single-photon detector in the far-infrared range," Nature 403, 405-407 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Babayan, A. E.

K. V. Nerkararyan, A. A. Hakhoumian, and A. E. Babayan, "Terahertz surface plasmon-polariton superfocusing in coaxial cone semiconductor structures," Plasmonics 3, 27-31 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bell, R. J.

Bell, R. R.

Bell, S. E.

Boccara, C.

Bolivar, P. H.

J. Saxler, J. Gómez Rivas, C. Janke, H. P. M. Pellemans, P. H. Bolivar, and H. Kurz, "Time-domain measurements of surface plasmon polaritons in the terahertz frequency range," Phys. Rev. B 69, 155427-1-4 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Businaro, L.

F. D. Angelis, M. Patrini, G. Das, I. Maksymov, M. Galli, L. Businaro, L. C. Andreani, and E. D. Fabrizio, "A hybrid plasmonic-photonic nanodevice for label-free detection of a few molecules," Nano Lett. 8, 2321-2327 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Carr, G. L.

Y. Shen, T. Watanabe, D. A. Arena, C. C. Kao, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. J. Wang, and G. L. Carr, "Nonlinear cross-phase modulation with intense single-cycle terahertz pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 043901-1-4 (2007).

Chan, W. L.

W. L. Chan, J. Deibel, and D. M. Mittleman, "Imaging with terahertz radiation," Rep. Prog. Phys. 70, 1325-1379 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H. T.

H. T. Chen, R. Kersting, and G. C. Cho, "Terahertz imaging with nanometer resolution," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3009-3011 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cho, G. C.

H. T. Chen, R. Kersting, and G. C. Cho, "Terahertz imaging with nanometer resolution," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3009-3011 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Das, G.

F. D. Angelis, M. Patrini, G. Das, I. Maksymov, M. Galli, L. Businaro, L. C. Andreani, and E. D. Fabrizio, "A hybrid plasmonic-photonic nanodevice for label-free detection of a few molecules," Nano Lett. 8, 2321-2327 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Deibel, J.

W. L. Chan, J. Deibel, and D. M. Mittleman, "Imaging with terahertz radiation," Rep. Prog. Phys. 70, 1325-1379 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dekhter, R.

A. Lewis, H. Taha, A. Strinkovski, A. Manevitch, A. Khatchatouriants, R. Dekhter, and E. Ammann, "Nearfield optics: From subwavelength illumination to nanometric shadowing," Nature Biotechnology 21, 1377-1386 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dragoman, D.

D. Dragoman and M. Dragoman, "Terahertz fields and applications," Prog. Quantum Electron. 28, 1-66 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dragoman, M.

D. Dragoman and M. Dragoman, "Terahertz fields and applications," Prog. Quantum Electron. 28, 1-66 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Eickelkamp, T.

F. Keilmann, D.W. van derWeide, T. Eickelkamp, R. Merz, and D. Stockle, "Extreme sub-wavelength resolution with a scanning radio-frequency transmission microscope," Opt. Commun. 129, 15-18 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Elsaesser, T.

C. Ropers, C. C. Neacsu, T. Elsaesser, M. Albrecht, M. B. Raschke, and C. Lienau, "Grating-coupling of surface plasmons onto metallic tips: A nano-confined light source," Nano Lett. 7, 2784-2788 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fabrizio, E. D.

F. D. Angelis, M. Patrini, G. Das, I. Maksymov, M. Galli, L. Businaro, L. C. Andreani, and E. D. Fabrizio, "A hybrid plasmonic-photonic nanodevice for label-free detection of a few molecules," Nano Lett. 8, 2321-2327 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ferguson, B.

B. Ferguson and X.-C. Zhang, "Materials for terahertz science and technology," Nature Materials 1, 26-33 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Galli, M.

F. D. Angelis, M. Patrini, G. Das, I. Maksymov, M. Galli, L. Businaro, L. C. Andreani, and E. D. Fabrizio, "A hybrid plasmonic-photonic nanodevice for label-free detection of a few molecules," Nano Lett. 8, 2321-2327 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Garcia-Vidal, F. J.

S. A. Maier, S. R. Andrews, L. Martin-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, "Terahertz surface plasmon-polariton propagation and focusing on periodically corrugated metal wires," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 176805-1-4 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, and J. B. Pendry, "Surfaces with holes in them: New plasmonic metamaterials," J. Opt. A 7, S97-S101 (2005).

J. B. Pendry, L. Martin-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, "Mimicking surface plasmons with structured surfaces," Science 305, 847-848 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gómez Rivas, J.

J. Saxler, J. Gómez Rivas, C. Janke, H. P. M. Pellemans, P. H. Bolivar, and H. Kurz, "Time-domain measurements of surface plasmon polaritons in the terahertz frequency range," Phys. Rev. B 69, 155427-1-4 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gresillon, S.

Guckenberger, R.

A. Kramer, F. Keilmann, B. Knoll, and R. Guckenberger, "The coaxial tip as a nano-antenna for scanning nearfield microwave transmission microscopy," Micron 27, 413-417 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hakhoumian, A. A.

K. V. Nerkararyan, A. A. Hakhoumian, and A. E. Babayan, "Terahertz surface plasmon-polariton superfocusing in coaxial cone semiconductor structures," Plasmonics 3, 27-31 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hebling, J.

J. Hebling, K. L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, and K. A. Nelson, "High-power THz generation, THz nonlinear optics, and THz nonlinear spectroscopy," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 345-353 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hirai, H.

S. Komiyama, O. Astafiev, V. Antonov, T. Kutsuwa, and H. Hirai, "A single-photon detector in the far-infrared range," Nature 403, 405-407 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hoffmann, M. C.

J. Hebling, K. L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, and K. A. Nelson, "High-power THz generation, THz nonlinear optics, and THz nonlinear spectroscopy," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 345-353 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jacobsen, V.

J. Seelig, K. Leslie, A. Renn, S. Kuhn, V. Jacobsen, M. van de Corput, C. Wyman, and V. Sandoghdar, "Nanoparticle-induced fluorescence lifetime modification as nanoscopic ruler: Demonstration at the single molecule level," Nano Lett. 7, 685-689 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Janke, C.

J. Saxler, J. Gómez Rivas, C. Janke, H. P. M. Pellemans, P. H. Bolivar, and H. Kurz, "Time-domain measurements of surface plasmon polaritons in the terahertz frequency range," Phys. Rev. B 69, 155427-1-4 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kadlec, F.

N. Klein, P. Lahl, U. Poppe, F. Kadlec, and P. Kuzel, "A netal-dielectric antenna for terahertz near-field imaging," J. Appl. Phys. 98, 014910-1-5 (2005).

Kao, C. C.

Y. Shen, T. Watanabe, D. A. Arena, C. C. Kao, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. J. Wang, and G. L. Carr, "Nonlinear cross-phase modulation with intense single-cycle terahertz pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 043901-1-4 (2007).

Keilmann, F.

F. Keilmann, "Status of THz-to-visible nanospectroscopy development," J. Biol. Phys. 29, 195-199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Kramer, F. Keilmann, B. Knoll, and R. Guckenberger, "The coaxial tip as a nano-antenna for scanning nearfield microwave transmission microscopy," Micron 27, 413-417 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. Keilmann, D.W. van derWeide, T. Eickelkamp, R. Merz, and D. Stockle, "Extreme sub-wavelength resolution with a scanning radio-frequency transmission microscope," Opt. Commun. 129, 15-18 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. Keilmann, "FIR microscopy," Infrared Physics and Technology 36, 217-224 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kersting, R.

H. T. Chen, R. Kersting, and G. C. Cho, "Terahertz imaging with nanometer resolution," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3009-3011 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Khatchatouriants, A.

A. Lewis, H. Taha, A. Strinkovski, A. Manevitch, A. Khatchatouriants, R. Dekhter, and E. Ammann, "Nearfield optics: From subwavelength illumination to nanometric shadowing," Nature Biotechnology 21, 1377-1386 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Klein, N.

N. Klein, P. Lahl, U. Poppe, F. Kadlec, and P. Kuzel, "A netal-dielectric antenna for terahertz near-field imaging," J. Appl. Phys. 98, 014910-1-5 (2005).

Knoll, B.

A. Kramer, F. Keilmann, B. Knoll, and R. Guckenberger, "The coaxial tip as a nano-antenna for scanning nearfield microwave transmission microscopy," Micron 27, 413-417 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Komiyama, S.

S. Komiyama, O. Astafiev, V. Antonov, T. Kutsuwa, and H. Hirai, "A single-photon detector in the far-infrared range," Nature 403, 405-407 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kramer, A.

A. Kramer, F. Keilmann, B. Knoll, and R. Guckenberger, "The coaxial tip as a nano-antenna for scanning nearfield microwave transmission microscopy," Micron 27, 413-417 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kuhn, S.

J. Seelig, K. Leslie, A. Renn, S. Kuhn, V. Jacobsen, M. van de Corput, C. Wyman, and V. Sandoghdar, "Nanoparticle-induced fluorescence lifetime modification as nanoscopic ruler: Demonstration at the single molecule level," Nano Lett. 7, 685-689 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kuipers, L.

E. Verhagen, A. Polman, and L. Kuipers, "Nanofocusing in laterally tapered plasmonic waveguides," Opt. Express 16, 45-57 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Verhagen, L. Kuipers, and A. Polman, "Enhanced nonlinear optical effects with a tapered plasmonic waveguide," Nano Lett. 7, 334-337 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kurz, H.

J. Saxler, J. Gómez Rivas, C. Janke, H. P. M. Pellemans, P. H. Bolivar, and H. Kurz, "Time-domain measurements of surface plasmon polaritons in the terahertz frequency range," Phys. Rev. B 69, 155427-1-4 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kutsuwa, T.

S. Komiyama, O. Astafiev, V. Antonov, T. Kutsuwa, and H. Hirai, "A single-photon detector in the far-infrared range," Nature 403, 405-407 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kuzel, P.

N. Klein, P. Lahl, U. Poppe, F. Kadlec, and P. Kuzel, "A netal-dielectric antenna for terahertz near-field imaging," J. Appl. Phys. 98, 014910-1-5 (2005).

Lahl, P.

N. Klein, P. Lahl, U. Poppe, F. Kadlec, and P. Kuzel, "A netal-dielectric antenna for terahertz near-field imaging," J. Appl. Phys. 98, 014910-1-5 (2005).

Lecaque, R.

Leslie, K.

J. Seelig, K. Leslie, A. Renn, S. Kuhn, V. Jacobsen, M. van de Corput, C. Wyman, and V. Sandoghdar, "Nanoparticle-induced fluorescence lifetime modification as nanoscopic ruler: Demonstration at the single molecule level," Nano Lett. 7, 685-689 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lewis, A.

A. Lewis, H. Taha, A. Strinkovski, A. Manevitch, A. Khatchatouriants, R. Dekhter, and E. Ammann, "Nearfield optics: From subwavelength illumination to nanometric shadowing," Nature Biotechnology 21, 1377-1386 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lienau, C.

C. Ropers, C. C. Neacsu, T. Elsaesser, M. Albrecht, M. B. Raschke, and C. Lienau, "Grating-coupling of surface plasmons onto metallic tips: A nano-confined light source," Nano Lett. 7, 2784-2788 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Long, L. L.

Maier, S. A.

S. A. Maier, S. R. Andrews, L. Martin-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, "Terahertz surface plasmon-polariton propagation and focusing on periodically corrugated metal wires," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 176805-1-4 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Maksymov, I.

F. D. Angelis, M. Patrini, G. Das, I. Maksymov, M. Galli, L. Businaro, L. C. Andreani, and E. D. Fabrizio, "A hybrid plasmonic-photonic nanodevice for label-free detection of a few molecules," Nano Lett. 8, 2321-2327 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Manevitch, A.

A. Lewis, H. Taha, A. Strinkovski, A. Manevitch, A. Khatchatouriants, R. Dekhter, and E. Ammann, "Nearfield optics: From subwavelength illumination to nanometric shadowing," Nature Biotechnology 21, 1377-1386 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Maradudin, A. A.

D. L. Mills and A. A. Maradudin, "Surface corrugation and surface-polariton binding in the infrared frequency range," Phys. Rev. B 39, 1569-1574 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Martin-Moreno, L.

S. A. Maier, S. R. Andrews, L. Martin-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, "Terahertz surface plasmon-polariton propagation and focusing on periodically corrugated metal wires," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 176805-1-4 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, and J. B. Pendry, "Surfaces with holes in them: New plasmonic metamaterials," J. Opt. A 7, S97-S101 (2005).

J. B. Pendry, L. Martin-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, "Mimicking surface plasmons with structured surfaces," Science 305, 847-848 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Merlin, R.

R. Merlin, "Radiationless electromagnetic interference: evanescent-field lenses and perfect focusing," Science 317, 927-929 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Merz, R.

F. Keilmann, D.W. van derWeide, T. Eickelkamp, R. Merz, and D. Stockle, "Extreme sub-wavelength resolution with a scanning radio-frequency transmission microscope," Opt. Commun. 129, 15-18 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mills, D. L.

D. L. Mills and A. A. Maradudin, "Surface corrugation and surface-polariton binding in the infrared frequency range," Phys. Rev. B 39, 1569-1574 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Mittleman, D. M.

W. L. Chan, J. Deibel, and D. M. Mittleman, "Imaging with terahertz radiation," Rep. Prog. Phys. 70, 1325-1379 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Murphy, J. B.

Y. Shen, T. Watanabe, D. A. Arena, C. C. Kao, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. J. Wang, and G. L. Carr, "Nonlinear cross-phase modulation with intense single-cycle terahertz pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 043901-1-4 (2007).

Neacsu, C. C.

C. Ropers, C. C. Neacsu, T. Elsaesser, M. Albrecht, M. B. Raschke, and C. Lienau, "Grating-coupling of surface plasmons onto metallic tips: A nano-confined light source," Nano Lett. 7, 2784-2788 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, K. A.

J. Hebling, K. L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, and K. A. Nelson, "High-power THz generation, THz nonlinear optics, and THz nonlinear spectroscopy," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 345-353 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nerkararyan, K. V.

K. V. Nerkararyan, A. A. Hakhoumian, and A. E. Babayan, "Terahertz surface plasmon-polariton superfocusing in coaxial cone semiconductor structures," Plasmonics 3, 27-31 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Novotny, L.

L. Novotny and S. J. Stranick, "Near-field optical microscopy and spectroscopy with pointed probes," Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 57, 303-331 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ordal, M. A.

Patrini, M.

F. D. Angelis, M. Patrini, G. Das, I. Maksymov, M. Galli, L. Businaro, L. C. Andreani, and E. D. Fabrizio, "A hybrid plasmonic-photonic nanodevice for label-free detection of a few molecules," Nano Lett. 8, 2321-2327 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pellemans, H. P. M.

J. Saxler, J. Gómez Rivas, C. Janke, H. P. M. Pellemans, P. H. Bolivar, and H. Kurz, "Time-domain measurements of surface plasmon polaritons in the terahertz frequency range," Phys. Rev. B 69, 155427-1-4 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pendry, J. B.

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, and J. B. Pendry, "Surfaces with holes in them: New plasmonic metamaterials," J. Opt. A 7, S97-S101 (2005).

J. B. Pendry, L. Martin-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, "Mimicking surface plasmons with structured surfaces," Science 305, 847-848 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Polman, A.

E. Verhagen, A. Polman, and L. Kuipers, "Nanofocusing in laterally tapered plasmonic waveguides," Opt. Express 16, 45-57 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Verhagen, L. Kuipers, and A. Polman, "Enhanced nonlinear optical effects with a tapered plasmonic waveguide," Nano Lett. 7, 334-337 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Poppe, U.

N. Klein, P. Lahl, U. Poppe, F. Kadlec, and P. Kuzel, "A netal-dielectric antenna for terahertz near-field imaging," J. Appl. Phys. 98, 014910-1-5 (2005).

Raschke, M. B.

C. Ropers, C. C. Neacsu, T. Elsaesser, M. Albrecht, M. B. Raschke, and C. Lienau, "Grating-coupling of surface plasmons onto metallic tips: A nano-confined light source," Nano Lett. 7, 2784-2788 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Renn, A.

J. Seelig, K. Leslie, A. Renn, S. Kuhn, V. Jacobsen, M. van de Corput, C. Wyman, and V. Sandoghdar, "Nanoparticle-induced fluorescence lifetime modification as nanoscopic ruler: Demonstration at the single molecule level," Nano Lett. 7, 685-689 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ropers, C.

C. Ropers, C. C. Neacsu, T. Elsaesser, M. Albrecht, M. B. Raschke, and C. Lienau, "Grating-coupling of surface plasmons onto metallic tips: A nano-confined light source," Nano Lett. 7, 2784-2788 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sandoghdar, V.

J. Seelig, K. Leslie, A. Renn, S. Kuhn, V. Jacobsen, M. van de Corput, C. Wyman, and V. Sandoghdar, "Nanoparticle-induced fluorescence lifetime modification as nanoscopic ruler: Demonstration at the single molecule level," Nano Lett. 7, 685-689 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Saxler, J.

J. Saxler, J. Gómez Rivas, C. Janke, H. P. M. Pellemans, P. H. Bolivar, and H. Kurz, "Time-domain measurements of surface plasmon polaritons in the terahertz frequency range," Phys. Rev. B 69, 155427-1-4 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Seelig, J.

J. Seelig, K. Leslie, A. Renn, S. Kuhn, V. Jacobsen, M. van de Corput, C. Wyman, and V. Sandoghdar, "Nanoparticle-induced fluorescence lifetime modification as nanoscopic ruler: Demonstration at the single molecule level," Nano Lett. 7, 685-689 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y.

Y. Shen, T. Watanabe, D. A. Arena, C. C. Kao, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. J. Wang, and G. L. Carr, "Nonlinear cross-phase modulation with intense single-cycle terahertz pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 043901-1-4 (2007).

Sommerfeld, A.

A. Sommerfeld, "Ueber die Fortpflanzung elektrodynamischer Wellen laengs eines Drahtes," Ann. Phys. Chem. 67, 233 - 290 (1899).
[CrossRef]

Stockle, D.

F. Keilmann, D.W. van derWeide, T. Eickelkamp, R. Merz, and D. Stockle, "Extreme sub-wavelength resolution with a scanning radio-frequency transmission microscope," Opt. Commun. 129, 15-18 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Stockman, M. I.

M. I. Stockman, "Nanofocusing of optical energy in tapered plasmonic waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 137404-1-4 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stranick, S. J.

L. Novotny and S. J. Stranick, "Near-field optical microscopy and spectroscopy with pointed probes," Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 57, 303-331 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Strinkovski, A.

A. Lewis, H. Taha, A. Strinkovski, A. Manevitch, A. Khatchatouriants, R. Dekhter, and E. Ammann, "Nearfield optics: From subwavelength illumination to nanometric shadowing," Nature Biotechnology 21, 1377-1386 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Taha, H.

A. Lewis, H. Taha, A. Strinkovski, A. Manevitch, A. Khatchatouriants, R. Dekhter, and E. Ammann, "Nearfield optics: From subwavelength illumination to nanometric shadowing," Nature Biotechnology 21, 1377-1386 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tonouchi, M.

M. Tonouchi, "Cutting-edge terahertz technology," Nature Photonics 1, 97-105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tsang, T. Y.

Y. Shen, T. Watanabe, D. A. Arena, C. C. Kao, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. J. Wang, and G. L. Carr, "Nonlinear cross-phase modulation with intense single-cycle terahertz pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 043901-1-4 (2007).

van de Corput, M.

J. Seelig, K. Leslie, A. Renn, S. Kuhn, V. Jacobsen, M. van de Corput, C. Wyman, and V. Sandoghdar, "Nanoparticle-induced fluorescence lifetime modification as nanoscopic ruler: Demonstration at the single molecule level," Nano Lett. 7, 685-689 (2007).
[CrossRef]

van derWeide, D.W.

F. Keilmann, D.W. van derWeide, T. Eickelkamp, R. Merz, and D. Stockle, "Extreme sub-wavelength resolution with a scanning radio-frequency transmission microscope," Opt. Commun. 129, 15-18 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Verhagen, E.

E. Verhagen, A. Polman, and L. Kuipers, "Nanofocusing in laterally tapered plasmonic waveguides," Opt. Express 16, 45-57 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Verhagen, L. Kuipers, and A. Polman, "Enhanced nonlinear optical effects with a tapered plasmonic waveguide," Nano Lett. 7, 334-337 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X. J.

Y. Shen, T. Watanabe, D. A. Arena, C. C. Kao, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. J. Wang, and G. L. Carr, "Nonlinear cross-phase modulation with intense single-cycle terahertz pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 043901-1-4 (2007).

Ward, C. A.

Watanabe, T.

Y. Shen, T. Watanabe, D. A. Arena, C. C. Kao, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. J. Wang, and G. L. Carr, "Nonlinear cross-phase modulation with intense single-cycle terahertz pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 043901-1-4 (2007).

Wyman, C.

J. Seelig, K. Leslie, A. Renn, S. Kuhn, V. Jacobsen, M. van de Corput, C. Wyman, and V. Sandoghdar, "Nanoparticle-induced fluorescence lifetime modification as nanoscopic ruler: Demonstration at the single molecule level," Nano Lett. 7, 685-689 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, K. L.

J. Hebling, K. L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, and K. A. Nelson, "High-power THz generation, THz nonlinear optics, and THz nonlinear spectroscopy," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 345-353 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zenneck, J.

J. Zenneck, "Fortplfanzung ebener elektromagnetischer Wellen laengs einer ebenen Leiterflaeche," Ann. Phys. 23, 846-866 (1907).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.-C.

B. Ferguson and X.-C. Zhang, "Materials for terahertz science and technology," Nature Materials 1, 26-33 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ann. Phys. (1)

J. Zenneck, "Fortplfanzung ebener elektromagnetischer Wellen laengs einer ebenen Leiterflaeche," Ann. Phys. 23, 846-866 (1907).
[CrossRef]

Ann. Phys. Chem. (1)

A. Sommerfeld, "Ueber die Fortpflanzung elektrodynamischer Wellen laengs eines Drahtes," Ann. Phys. Chem. 67, 233 - 290 (1899).
[CrossRef]

Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. (1)

L. Novotny and S. J. Stranick, "Near-field optical microscopy and spectroscopy with pointed probes," Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 57, 303-331 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. T. Chen, R. Kersting, and G. C. Cho, "Terahertz imaging with nanometer resolution," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3009-3011 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Hebling, K. L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, and K. A. Nelson, "High-power THz generation, THz nonlinear optics, and THz nonlinear spectroscopy," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 345-353 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Infrared Physics and Technology (1)

F. Keilmann, "FIR microscopy," Infrared Physics and Technology 36, 217-224 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

N. Klein, P. Lahl, U. Poppe, F. Kadlec, and P. Kuzel, "A netal-dielectric antenna for terahertz near-field imaging," J. Appl. Phys. 98, 014910-1-5 (2005).

J. Biol. Phys. (1)

F. Keilmann, "Status of THz-to-visible nanospectroscopy development," J. Biol. Phys. 29, 195-199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A (1)

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, and J. B. Pendry, "Surfaces with holes in them: New plasmonic metamaterials," J. Opt. A 7, S97-S101 (2005).

Micron (1)

A. Kramer, F. Keilmann, B. Knoll, and R. Guckenberger, "The coaxial tip as a nano-antenna for scanning nearfield microwave transmission microscopy," Micron 27, 413-417 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (4)

J. Seelig, K. Leslie, A. Renn, S. Kuhn, V. Jacobsen, M. van de Corput, C. Wyman, and V. Sandoghdar, "Nanoparticle-induced fluorescence lifetime modification as nanoscopic ruler: Demonstration at the single molecule level," Nano Lett. 7, 685-689 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. D. Angelis, M. Patrini, G. Das, I. Maksymov, M. Galli, L. Businaro, L. C. Andreani, and E. D. Fabrizio, "A hybrid plasmonic-photonic nanodevice for label-free detection of a few molecules," Nano Lett. 8, 2321-2327 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Verhagen, L. Kuipers, and A. Polman, "Enhanced nonlinear optical effects with a tapered plasmonic waveguide," Nano Lett. 7, 334-337 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Ropers, C. C. Neacsu, T. Elsaesser, M. Albrecht, M. B. Raschke, and C. Lienau, "Grating-coupling of surface plasmons onto metallic tips: A nano-confined light source," Nano Lett. 7, 2784-2788 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

S. Komiyama, O. Astafiev, V. Antonov, T. Kutsuwa, and H. Hirai, "A single-photon detector in the far-infrared range," Nature 403, 405-407 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nature Biotechnology (1)

A. Lewis, H. Taha, A. Strinkovski, A. Manevitch, A. Khatchatouriants, R. Dekhter, and E. Ammann, "Nearfield optics: From subwavelength illumination to nanometric shadowing," Nature Biotechnology 21, 1377-1386 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nature Materials (1)

B. Ferguson and X.-C. Zhang, "Materials for terahertz science and technology," Nature Materials 1, 26-33 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nature Photonics (1)

M. Tonouchi, "Cutting-edge terahertz technology," Nature Photonics 1, 97-105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

F. Keilmann, D.W. van derWeide, T. Eickelkamp, R. Merz, and D. Stockle, "Extreme sub-wavelength resolution with a scanning radio-frequency transmission microscope," Opt. Commun. 129, 15-18 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Phys. Rev. B (2)

J. Saxler, J. Gómez Rivas, C. Janke, H. P. M. Pellemans, P. H. Bolivar, and H. Kurz, "Time-domain measurements of surface plasmon polaritons in the terahertz frequency range," Phys. Rev. B 69, 155427-1-4 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Mills and A. A. Maradudin, "Surface corrugation and surface-polariton binding in the infrared frequency range," Phys. Rev. B 39, 1569-1574 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

S. A. Maier, S. R. Andrews, L. Martin-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, "Terahertz surface plasmon-polariton propagation and focusing on periodically corrugated metal wires," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 176805-1-4 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shen, T. Watanabe, D. A. Arena, C. C. Kao, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. J. Wang, and G. L. Carr, "Nonlinear cross-phase modulation with intense single-cycle terahertz pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 043901-1-4 (2007).

M. I. Stockman, "Nanofocusing of optical energy in tapered plasmonic waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 137404-1-4 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Plasmonics (1)

K. V. Nerkararyan, A. A. Hakhoumian, and A. E. Babayan, "Terahertz surface plasmon-polariton superfocusing in coaxial cone semiconductor structures," Plasmonics 3, 27-31 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. Dragoman and M. Dragoman, "Terahertz fields and applications," Prog. Quantum Electron. 28, 1-66 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

W. L. Chan, J. Deibel, and D. M. Mittleman, "Imaging with terahertz radiation," Rep. Prog. Phys. 70, 1325-1379 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Science (2)

R. Merlin, "Radiationless electromagnetic interference: evanescent-field lenses and perfect focusing," Science 317, 927-929 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, L. Martin-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, "Mimicking surface plasmons with structured surfaces," Science 305, 847-848 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

F. Keilmann, "Scanning tip for optical radiation," in U. S. Patent 4,994,818, pp. 1-7 (Max Plank Geselschaft, Germany, USA, 1991).

L. Novotny and B. Hecht, Principles of Nano-Optics (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, New York, 2006).

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