Abstract

All-optical XOR-, OR-, NOT-, and AND-gate were demonstrated for 10 Gb/s return-to-zero on-off keying (RZ-OOK) signals using a single experimental setup. This setup can be set to output different logic by altering input power, state-of-polarization, center frequencies of input optical signals, and/or input bitstreams. Full-width at half-maximum pulsewidth of the input and the output signals were less than 5.1 ps in all cases showing a possibility of higher data rate operation at 80Gb/s or beyond.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Fjelde, A. Kloch, D. Wolfson, B. Dagens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, "Novel scheme for simple label-swapping employing XOR logic in an integrated interferometric wavelength converter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 750-752 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, A. E. Kelly, and R. J. Manning, "All-optical parity checker," Conference on Optical Fiber Communications (OFC) 1999, pp. 137-139.
  3. A. J.  Poustie, K. J.  Blow, R. J.  Manning, and A. E.  Kelly, "All-optical pseudorandom number generator," Opt. Commun.  159, 208-214 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Westlund, P. A. Andrekson, H. Sunnerud, J. Hansryd, and J. Li, "High Performance Optical-Fiber-Nonlinearity-Based Optical Waveform Monitoring," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23,2012 - 2022 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Kumar, A. E. Willner, D. Gurkan, K. R. Parameswaran, and M. M. Fejer, "All-optical half adder using an SOA and a PPLN waveguide for signal processing in optical networks," Opt. Express 14, 10255-10260 (2006)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. Kumar and A. E. Willner, "Simultaneous four-wave mixing and cross-gain modulation for implementing an all-optical XNOR logic gate using a single SOA," Opt. Express 14, 5092-5097 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. R. P. Webb, R. J. Manning, G. D. Maxwell, and A. J. Poustie, "40 Gbit/s all-optical XOR gate based on hybrid-integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer," Electron. Lett. 39, 79-81 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. G. Theophilopoulos, K. Yiannopoulos, M. Kalyvas, C. Bintjas, G. Kalogerakis, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, L. Schares, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, R. Dall’Ara, "40 GHz all-optical XOR with UNI gate," Conference on Optical Fiber Communications (OFC) 2001, pp. MB2-1-MB2-3.
  9. J. Dong, X. Zhang, Y. Wang, J. Xu, and D. Huang, "40Gb/s configurable photonic logic gates with XNOR, AND, NOR, OR and NOT functions employing a single SOA," ECOC, Berlin (2007) paper 3.4.5.
  10. Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. D. Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, "Error-Free All-Optical Wavelength Conversion at 160 Gb/s Using a Semiconductor Optical Amplifier and an Optical Bandpass Filter," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 230-236.
  11. R. P. Giller, R. J. Manning, and D. Cotter, "Recovery dynamics of the ‘Turbo-Switch’," Optical Amplifiers and their Applications, (OAA), Whistler, Canada (2006), paper OTuC2.
  12. D. M. F. Lai, E. Lin, and K. K. Y. Wong, "All Optical Half Adder Using a Single-Stage Optical Parametric Amplifier," ECOC, Berlin (2007).
  13. D. M. F. Lai, C. H. Kwok, and K. K. Y. Wong, "Picoseconds All-Optical Logic Gates (XOR, OR, NOT, and AND) in a Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifier," OFC, San Diego (2008).
  14. H. K. Y. Cheung, R. W. L. Fung, D. M. F. Lai, P. C. Chui, and K. K. Y. Wong, "Optical Pulse Generation Using Two-Stage Compression based on Optical Parametric Amplifier," CLEO, Baltimore (2007) paper CWB06.
  15. G. P. Agrawal, "Nonlinear Fiber Optics", 3rd Edition (Academic Press, New York).
  16. E. J. M. Verdurmen, G. D. Khoe, A. M. J. Koonen, and H. de Waardt, "All-optical data format conversion from WDM to OTDM based on FWM" Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 992-994 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (3)

2005 (1)

M. Westlund, P. A. Andrekson, H. Sunnerud, J. Hansryd, and J. Li, "High Performance Optical-Fiber-Nonlinearity-Based Optical Waveform Monitoring," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23,2012 - 2022 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

R. P. Webb, R. J. Manning, G. D. Maxwell, and A. J. Poustie, "40 Gbit/s all-optical XOR gate based on hybrid-integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer," Electron. Lett. 39, 79-81 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

T. Fjelde, A. Kloch, D. Wolfson, B. Dagens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, "Novel scheme for simple label-swapping employing XOR logic in an integrated interferometric wavelength converter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 750-752 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

A. J.  Poustie, K. J.  Blow, R. J.  Manning, and A. E.  Kelly, "All-optical pseudorandom number generator," Opt. Commun.  159, 208-214 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Andrekson, P. A.

M. Westlund, P. A. Andrekson, H. Sunnerud, J. Hansryd, and J. Li, "High Performance Optical-Fiber-Nonlinearity-Based Optical Waveform Monitoring," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23,2012 - 2022 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Blow, K. J.

A. J.  Poustie, K. J.  Blow, R. J.  Manning, and A. E.  Kelly, "All-optical pseudorandom number generator," Opt. Commun.  159, 208-214 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Coquelin, A.

T. Fjelde, A. Kloch, D. Wolfson, B. Dagens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, "Novel scheme for simple label-swapping employing XOR logic in an integrated interferometric wavelength converter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 750-752 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dagens, B.

T. Fjelde, A. Kloch, D. Wolfson, B. Dagens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, "Novel scheme for simple label-swapping employing XOR logic in an integrated interferometric wavelength converter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 750-752 (2001).
[CrossRef]

de Waardt, H.

E. J. M. Verdurmen, G. D. Khoe, A. M. J. Koonen, and H. de Waardt, "All-optical data format conversion from WDM to OTDM based on FWM" Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 992-994 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dorren, H. J. S.

Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. D. Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, "Error-Free All-Optical Wavelength Conversion at 160 Gb/s Using a Semiconductor Optical Amplifier and an Optical Bandpass Filter," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 230-236.

Fejer, M. M.

Fjelde, T.

T. Fjelde, A. Kloch, D. Wolfson, B. Dagens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, "Novel scheme for simple label-swapping employing XOR logic in an integrated interferometric wavelength converter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 750-752 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gaborit, F.

T. Fjelde, A. Kloch, D. Wolfson, B. Dagens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, "Novel scheme for simple label-swapping employing XOR logic in an integrated interferometric wavelength converter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 750-752 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Guillemot, I.

T. Fjelde, A. Kloch, D. Wolfson, B. Dagens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, "Novel scheme for simple label-swapping employing XOR logic in an integrated interferometric wavelength converter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 750-752 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gurkan, D.

Hansryd, J.

M. Westlund, P. A. Andrekson, H. Sunnerud, J. Hansryd, and J. Li, "High Performance Optical-Fiber-Nonlinearity-Based Optical Waveform Monitoring," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23,2012 - 2022 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, A. E.

A. J.  Poustie, K. J.  Blow, R. J.  Manning, and A. E.  Kelly, "All-optical pseudorandom number generator," Opt. Commun.  159, 208-214 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Khoe, G. D.

E. J. M. Verdurmen, G. D. Khoe, A. M. J. Koonen, and H. de Waardt, "All-optical data format conversion from WDM to OTDM based on FWM" Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 992-994 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. D. Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, "Error-Free All-Optical Wavelength Conversion at 160 Gb/s Using a Semiconductor Optical Amplifier and an Optical Bandpass Filter," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 230-236.

Kloch, A.

T. Fjelde, A. Kloch, D. Wolfson, B. Dagens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, "Novel scheme for simple label-swapping employing XOR logic in an integrated interferometric wavelength converter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 750-752 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Koonen, A. M. J.

E. J. M. Verdurmen, G. D. Khoe, A. M. J. Koonen, and H. de Waardt, "All-optical data format conversion from WDM to OTDM based on FWM" Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 992-994 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, S.

Li, J.

M. Westlund, P. A. Andrekson, H. Sunnerud, J. Hansryd, and J. Li, "High Performance Optical-Fiber-Nonlinearity-Based Optical Waveform Monitoring," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23,2012 - 2022 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z.

Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. D. Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, "Error-Free All-Optical Wavelength Conversion at 160 Gb/s Using a Semiconductor Optical Amplifier and an Optical Bandpass Filter," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 230-236.

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. D. Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, "Error-Free All-Optical Wavelength Conversion at 160 Gb/s Using a Semiconductor Optical Amplifier and an Optical Bandpass Filter," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 230-236.

Manning, R. J.

R. P. Webb, R. J. Manning, G. D. Maxwell, and A. J. Poustie, "40 Gbit/s all-optical XOR gate based on hybrid-integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer," Electron. Lett. 39, 79-81 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. J.  Poustie, K. J.  Blow, R. J.  Manning, and A. E.  Kelly, "All-optical pseudorandom number generator," Opt. Commun.  159, 208-214 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Maxwell, G. D.

R. P. Webb, R. J. Manning, G. D. Maxwell, and A. J. Poustie, "40 Gbit/s all-optical XOR gate based on hybrid-integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer," Electron. Lett. 39, 79-81 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Parameswaran, K. R.

Poingt, F.

T. Fjelde, A. Kloch, D. Wolfson, B. Dagens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, "Novel scheme for simple label-swapping employing XOR logic in an integrated interferometric wavelength converter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 750-752 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Poustie, A. J.

R. P. Webb, R. J. Manning, G. D. Maxwell, and A. J. Poustie, "40 Gbit/s all-optical XOR gate based on hybrid-integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer," Electron. Lett. 39, 79-81 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. J.  Poustie, K. J.  Blow, R. J.  Manning, and A. E.  Kelly, "All-optical pseudorandom number generator," Opt. Commun.  159, 208-214 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Renaud, M.

T. Fjelde, A. Kloch, D. Wolfson, B. Dagens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, "Novel scheme for simple label-swapping employing XOR logic in an integrated interferometric wavelength converter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 750-752 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sunnerud, H.

M. Westlund, P. A. Andrekson, H. Sunnerud, J. Hansryd, and J. Li, "High Performance Optical-Fiber-Nonlinearity-Based Optical Waveform Monitoring," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23,2012 - 2022 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tangdiongga, E.

Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. D. Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, "Error-Free All-Optical Wavelength Conversion at 160 Gb/s Using a Semiconductor Optical Amplifier and an Optical Bandpass Filter," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 230-236.

Verdurmen, E. J. M.

E. J. M. Verdurmen, G. D. Khoe, A. M. J. Koonen, and H. de Waardt, "All-optical data format conversion from WDM to OTDM based on FWM" Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 992-994 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Waardt, H. D.

Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. D. Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, "Error-Free All-Optical Wavelength Conversion at 160 Gb/s Using a Semiconductor Optical Amplifier and an Optical Bandpass Filter," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 230-236.

Webb, R. P.

R. P. Webb, R. J. Manning, G. D. Maxwell, and A. J. Poustie, "40 Gbit/s all-optical XOR gate based on hybrid-integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer," Electron. Lett. 39, 79-81 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Westlund, M.

M. Westlund, P. A. Andrekson, H. Sunnerud, J. Hansryd, and J. Li, "High Performance Optical-Fiber-Nonlinearity-Based Optical Waveform Monitoring," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23,2012 - 2022 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A. E.

Wolfson, D.

T. Fjelde, A. Kloch, D. Wolfson, B. Dagens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, "Novel scheme for simple label-swapping employing XOR logic in an integrated interferometric wavelength converter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 750-752 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S.

Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. D. Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, "Error-Free All-Optical Wavelength Conversion at 160 Gb/s Using a Semiconductor Optical Amplifier and an Optical Bandpass Filter," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 230-236.

Electron. Lett. (1)

R. P. Webb, R. J. Manning, G. D. Maxwell, and A. J. Poustie, "40 Gbit/s all-optical XOR gate based on hybrid-integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer," Electron. Lett. 39, 79-81 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

M. Westlund, P. A. Andrekson, H. Sunnerud, J. Hansryd, and J. Li, "High Performance Optical-Fiber-Nonlinearity-Based Optical Waveform Monitoring," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23,2012 - 2022 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

T. Fjelde, A. Kloch, D. Wolfson, B. Dagens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, "Novel scheme for simple label-swapping employing XOR logic in an integrated interferometric wavelength converter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 750-752 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. (1)

E. J. M. Verdurmen, G. D. Khoe, A. M. J. Koonen, and H. de Waardt, "All-optical data format conversion from WDM to OTDM based on FWM" Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 992-994 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. J.  Poustie, K. J.  Blow, R. J.  Manning, and A. E.  Kelly, "All-optical pseudorandom number generator," Opt. Commun.  159, 208-214 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Other (9)

A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, A. E. Kelly, and R. J. Manning, "All-optical parity checker," Conference on Optical Fiber Communications (OFC) 1999, pp. 137-139.

G. Theophilopoulos, K. Yiannopoulos, M. Kalyvas, C. Bintjas, G. Kalogerakis, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, L. Schares, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, R. Dall’Ara, "40 GHz all-optical XOR with UNI gate," Conference on Optical Fiber Communications (OFC) 2001, pp. MB2-1-MB2-3.

J. Dong, X. Zhang, Y. Wang, J. Xu, and D. Huang, "40Gb/s configurable photonic logic gates with XNOR, AND, NOR, OR and NOT functions employing a single SOA," ECOC, Berlin (2007) paper 3.4.5.

Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. D. Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, "Error-Free All-Optical Wavelength Conversion at 160 Gb/s Using a Semiconductor Optical Amplifier and an Optical Bandpass Filter," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 230-236.

R. P. Giller, R. J. Manning, and D. Cotter, "Recovery dynamics of the ‘Turbo-Switch’," Optical Amplifiers and their Applications, (OAA), Whistler, Canada (2006), paper OTuC2.

D. M. F. Lai, E. Lin, and K. K. Y. Wong, "All Optical Half Adder Using a Single-Stage Optical Parametric Amplifier," ECOC, Berlin (2007).

D. M. F. Lai, C. H. Kwok, and K. K. Y. Wong, "Picoseconds All-Optical Logic Gates (XOR, OR, NOT, and AND) in a Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifier," OFC, San Diego (2008).

H. K. Y. Cheung, R. W. L. Fung, D. M. F. Lai, P. C. Chui, and K. K. Y. Wong, "Optical Pulse Generation Using Two-Stage Compression based on Optical Parametric Amplifier," CLEO, Baltimore (2007) paper CWB06.

G. P. Agrawal, "Nonlinear Fiber Optics", 3rd Edition (Academic Press, New York).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Input, and (b) output optical spectrum showing pump depletion effects between two signal modulated pumps.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Transfer function between average input power and output peak power.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Operating principle for an OPA-based all-optical (a) XOR-, (b) OR-, (c) NOT-, and (d) AND-gate.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Experimental Setup. TDL: Tunable delay line. TBPF: tunable band pass filter. VOA: Variable optical attenuator. MZM: Mach-Zehnder modulator. PC: Polarization controller. PS-source: Picosecond pulse source. DCA: Digital Communications Analyzer. All couplers are 50/50 couplers.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Bit patterns for the inputs and outputs of AND-gate. (b) Bit patterns for the inputs and outputs of XOR-, OR-, and NOT-gates. Bent arrows denote zero levels.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a) Comparison between the output spectra of the OR- and XOR-gates, (b) NOT-gate output spectra, (c). AND-gate output spectra. OSA resolution is 0.06 nm

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

BER for input and output signals of the XOR-, OR-, NOT-gate, and AND-gate.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Truth table at different filtered output wavelengths.

Metrics