Abstract

We ascertain by measuring the surface topography of a cleaved sample in which damage lines have been written in volume by scanning with a femtosecond laser, that matter shearing occur along the laser track with alternating sign (scissor or chiral effect). We note that the shearing in the head of the laser tracks change its sign with the change in scanning direction (pen effect or non reciprocal writing). We also show that nano-structures in the head are nano-shearing, with all the same sign whatever the direction of writing may be. We suggest that symmetries revealed by the shearing mimic the laser induced electron plasma density structures and inform on their unusual symmetries induced by the laser beam structures.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]

2007 (3)

S. Lee, M. T. Trinh, J. R. Nam, K. S. Lim, M. Lee, and E. Kim, "Laser-induced defect centers and valence state change of Mn ions in sodium borate glasses," J. Lumin. 122, 142-145 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Y. Vorobyev, V. S. Makin, and C. Guo, "Periodic ordering of random surface nanostructures induced by femtosecond laser pulses on metals," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 034903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Kazansky, W. Yang, E. Bricchi, J. Bovatsek, A. Arai, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and H. Kazuyuki, "'Quill' writing with ultrashort light pulses in transparent materials," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, "Optically Produced Arrays of Planar Nanostructures inside Fused Silica," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Wagner, J. Gottmanna, A. Horna, and E. W. Kreutz, "Subwavelength ripple formation induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser radiation," Appl. Surf. Sci. 252, 8576-8579 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Yang, E. Bricchi, P. G. Kazansky, J. Bovatsek, and A. Y. Arai, "Self-assembled periodic subwavelength structures by femtosecond laser direct writing," Opt. Express 14, 10117-10124 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Itoh, W. Watanabe, S. Nolte, and C. B. Schaffer, "Ultrafast Processes for Bulk Modification of Transparent Materials," MRS bulletin 31, 620-625 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

A. Podlipensky, A. Abdolvand, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, "Femtosecond laser assisted production of dichroitic 3D structures in composite glass containing Ag nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. A-Mat.Sci. Process. 80, 1647-1652 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Hnatovsky, J. R. Taylor, P. P. Rajeev, E. Simova, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, "Pulse duration dependence of femtosecond-laser-fabricated nanogratings in fused silica," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 14104-14106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Rayner, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, B. Schreder, M. Kluge, and J. Zimmer, "Femtosecond laser-induced refractive index modification in multicomponent glasses," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 083102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

S. Theppakuttai and S. Chen, "Submicron ripple formation on glass surface upon laser-nanosphere interaction," J. Appl. Phys. 95, 5049-5052 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Qu, J. R. Qiu, C. J. Zhao, X. W. Jiang, H. D. Zeng, C. S. Zhu, and K. Hirao, "Metal nanoparticle precipitation in periodic arrays in Au2O-doped glass by two interfered femtosecond laser pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2046-2048 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Bricchi, B. G. Klappauf, and P. G. Kazansky, "Form birefringence and negative index change created by femtosecond direct writing in transparent materials," Opt. Lett. 29, 119-121 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (3)

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. R. Qiu, and K. Hirao, "Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 247705 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. Poumellec, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Femtosecond laser irradiation stress induced in pure silica," Opt. Express 11, 1070-1079 (2003), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-11-9-1070
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Borowiec and H. K. Haugen, "Subwavelength ripple formation on the surfaces of compound semiconductors irradiated with femtosecond laser pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4462-4464 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1984 (1)

M. Soileau, "Ripple structures associated with ordered surface defects in dielectrics," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20, 464-467 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

J. E. Sipe, J. F. Young, J. S. Preston, and H. M. van Driel, "Laser-induced periodic surface structure. II. Experiments on Ge, Si, Al, and brass," Phys. Rev. B 27, 1155-1172 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

Z. Guosheng, P. M. Fauchet, and A. E. Siegman, "Growth of spontaneous periodic surface structures on solids during laser illumination," Phys. Rev. B 26, 5366-5381 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

M. Birnbaum, "Semiconductor Surface Damage Produced by Ruby Lasers," J. Appl. Phys. 36, 3688 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Abdolvand, A.

A. Podlipensky, A. Abdolvand, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, "Femtosecond laser assisted production of dichroitic 3D structures in composite glass containing Ag nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. A-Mat.Sci. Process. 80, 1647-1652 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Arai, A.

P. Kazansky, W. Yang, E. Bricchi, J. Bovatsek, A. Arai, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and H. Kazuyuki, "'Quill' writing with ultrashort light pulses in transparent materials," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Arai, A. Y.

Bennett, P. J.

Bhardwaj, V. R.

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, "Optically Produced Arrays of Planar Nanostructures inside Fused Silica," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Hnatovsky, J. R. Taylor, P. P. Rajeev, E. Simova, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, "Pulse duration dependence of femtosecond-laser-fabricated nanogratings in fused silica," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 14104-14106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Rayner, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, B. Schreder, M. Kluge, and J. Zimmer, "Femtosecond laser-induced refractive index modification in multicomponent glasses," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 083102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Birnbaum, M.

M. Birnbaum, "Semiconductor Surface Damage Produced by Ruby Lasers," J. Appl. Phys. 36, 3688 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Borowiec, A.

A. Borowiec and H. K. Haugen, "Subwavelength ripple formation on the surfaces of compound semiconductors irradiated with femtosecond laser pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4462-4464 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bovatsek, J.

P. Kazansky, W. Yang, E. Bricchi, J. Bovatsek, A. Arai, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and H. Kazuyuki, "'Quill' writing with ultrashort light pulses in transparent materials," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Yang, E. Bricchi, P. G. Kazansky, J. Bovatsek, and A. Y. Arai, "Self-assembled periodic subwavelength structures by femtosecond laser direct writing," Opt. Express 14, 10117-10124 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bricchi, E.

Chen, S.

S. Theppakuttai and S. Chen, "Submicron ripple formation on glass surface upon laser-nanosphere interaction," J. Appl. Phys. 95, 5049-5052 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P. B.

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, "Optically Produced Arrays of Planar Nanostructures inside Fused Silica," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Rayner, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, B. Schreder, M. Kluge, and J. Zimmer, "Femtosecond laser-induced refractive index modification in multicomponent glasses," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 083102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Hnatovsky, J. R. Taylor, P. P. Rajeev, E. Simova, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, "Pulse duration dependence of femtosecond-laser-fabricated nanogratings in fused silica," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 14104-14106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dhanjal, S.

Fauchet, P. M.

Z. Guosheng, P. M. Fauchet, and A. E. Siegman, "Growth of spontaneous periodic surface structures on solids during laser illumination," Phys. Rev. B 26, 5366-5381 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Franco, M.

Gottmanna, J.

R. Wagner, J. Gottmanna, A. Horna, and E. W. Kreutz, "Subwavelength ripple formation induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser radiation," Appl. Surf. Sci. 252, 8576-8579 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Graener, H.

A. Podlipensky, A. Abdolvand, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, "Femtosecond laser assisted production of dichroitic 3D structures in composite glass containing Ag nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. A-Mat.Sci. Process. 80, 1647-1652 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Guo, C.

A. Y. Vorobyev, V. S. Makin, and C. Guo, "Periodic ordering of random surface nanostructures induced by femtosecond laser pulses on metals," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 034903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Guosheng, Z.

Z. Guosheng, P. M. Fauchet, and A. E. Siegman, "Growth of spontaneous periodic surface structures on solids during laser illumination," Phys. Rev. B 26, 5366-5381 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Haugen, H. K.

A. Borowiec and H. K. Haugen, "Subwavelength ripple formation on the surfaces of compound semiconductors irradiated with femtosecond laser pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4462-4464 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hirao, K.

S. L. Qu, J. R. Qiu, C. J. Zhao, X. W. Jiang, H. D. Zeng, C. S. Zhu, and K. Hirao, "Metal nanoparticle precipitation in periodic arrays in Au2O-doped glass by two interfered femtosecond laser pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2046-2048 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. R. Qiu, and K. Hirao, "Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 247705 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hnatovsky, C.

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, "Optically Produced Arrays of Planar Nanostructures inside Fused Silica," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Hnatovsky, J. R. Taylor, P. P. Rajeev, E. Simova, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, "Pulse duration dependence of femtosecond-laser-fabricated nanogratings in fused silica," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 14104-14106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Rayner, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, B. Schreder, M. Kluge, and J. Zimmer, "Femtosecond laser-induced refractive index modification in multicomponent glasses," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 083102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Horna, A.

R. Wagner, J. Gottmanna, A. Horna, and E. W. Kreutz, "Subwavelength ripple formation induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser radiation," Appl. Surf. Sci. 252, 8576-8579 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Itoh, K.

K. Itoh, W. Watanabe, S. Nolte, and C. B. Schaffer, "Ultrafast Processes for Bulk Modification of Transparent Materials," MRS bulletin 31, 620-625 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, X. W.

S. L. Qu, J. R. Qiu, C. J. Zhao, X. W. Jiang, H. D. Zeng, C. S. Zhu, and K. Hirao, "Metal nanoparticle precipitation in periodic arrays in Au2O-doped glass by two interfered femtosecond laser pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2046-2048 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kazansky, P.

P. Kazansky, W. Yang, E. Bricchi, J. Bovatsek, A. Arai, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and H. Kazuyuki, "'Quill' writing with ultrashort light pulses in transparent materials," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kazansky, P. G.

Kazuyuki, H.

P. Kazansky, W. Yang, E. Bricchi, J. Bovatsek, A. Arai, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and H. Kazuyuki, "'Quill' writing with ultrashort light pulses in transparent materials," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, E.

S. Lee, M. T. Trinh, J. R. Nam, K. S. Lim, M. Lee, and E. Kim, "Laser-induced defect centers and valence state change of Mn ions in sodium borate glasses," J. Lumin. 122, 142-145 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Klappauf, B. G.

Kluge, M.

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Rayner, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, B. Schreder, M. Kluge, and J. Zimmer, "Femtosecond laser-induced refractive index modification in multicomponent glasses," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 083102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kreutz, E. W.

R. Wagner, J. Gottmanna, A. Horna, and E. W. Kreutz, "Subwavelength ripple formation induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser radiation," Appl. Surf. Sci. 252, 8576-8579 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, M.

S. Lee, M. T. Trinh, J. R. Nam, K. S. Lim, M. Lee, and E. Kim, "Laser-induced defect centers and valence state change of Mn ions in sodium borate glasses," J. Lumin. 122, 142-145 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.

S. Lee, M. T. Trinh, J. R. Nam, K. S. Lim, M. Lee, and E. Kim, "Laser-induced defect centers and valence state change of Mn ions in sodium borate glasses," J. Lumin. 122, 142-145 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lim, K. S.

S. Lee, M. T. Trinh, J. R. Nam, K. S. Lim, M. Lee, and E. Kim, "Laser-induced defect centers and valence state change of Mn ions in sodium borate glasses," J. Lumin. 122, 142-145 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Makin, V. S.

A. Y. Vorobyev, V. S. Makin, and C. Guo, "Periodic ordering of random surface nanostructures induced by femtosecond laser pulses on metals," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 034903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Miura, K.

P. Kazansky, W. Yang, E. Bricchi, J. Bovatsek, A. Arai, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and H. Kazuyuki, "'Quill' writing with ultrashort light pulses in transparent materials," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mysyrowicz, A.

Nam, J. R.

S. Lee, M. T. Trinh, J. R. Nam, K. S. Lim, M. Lee, and E. Kim, "Laser-induced defect centers and valence state change of Mn ions in sodium borate glasses," J. Lumin. 122, 142-145 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nolte, S.

K. Itoh, W. Watanabe, S. Nolte, and C. B. Schaffer, "Ultrafast Processes for Bulk Modification of Transparent Materials," MRS bulletin 31, 620-625 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Podlipensky, A.

A. Podlipensky, A. Abdolvand, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, "Femtosecond laser assisted production of dichroitic 3D structures in composite glass containing Ag nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. A-Mat.Sci. Process. 80, 1647-1652 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Poumellec, B.

Prade, B.

Preston, J. S.

J. E. Sipe, J. F. Young, J. S. Preston, and H. M. van Driel, "Laser-induced periodic surface structure. II. Experiments on Ge, Si, Al, and brass," Phys. Rev. B 27, 1155-1172 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J. R.

S. L. Qu, J. R. Qiu, C. J. Zhao, X. W. Jiang, H. D. Zeng, C. S. Zhu, and K. Hirao, "Metal nanoparticle precipitation in periodic arrays in Au2O-doped glass by two interfered femtosecond laser pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2046-2048 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. R. Qiu, and K. Hirao, "Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 247705 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Qu, S. L.

S. L. Qu, J. R. Qiu, C. J. Zhao, X. W. Jiang, H. D. Zeng, C. S. Zhu, and K. Hirao, "Metal nanoparticle precipitation in periodic arrays in Au2O-doped glass by two interfered femtosecond laser pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2046-2048 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rajeev, P. P.

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, "Optically Produced Arrays of Planar Nanostructures inside Fused Silica," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Hnatovsky, J. R. Taylor, P. P. Rajeev, E. Simova, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, "Pulse duration dependence of femtosecond-laser-fabricated nanogratings in fused silica," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 14104-14106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rayner, D. M.

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, "Optically Produced Arrays of Planar Nanostructures inside Fused Silica," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Hnatovsky, J. R. Taylor, P. P. Rajeev, E. Simova, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, "Pulse duration dependence of femtosecond-laser-fabricated nanogratings in fused silica," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 14104-14106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Rayner, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, B. Schreder, M. Kluge, and J. Zimmer, "Femtosecond laser-induced refractive index modification in multicomponent glasses," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 083102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schaffer, C. B.

K. Itoh, W. Watanabe, S. Nolte, and C. B. Schaffer, "Ultrafast Processes for Bulk Modification of Transparent Materials," MRS bulletin 31, 620-625 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schreder, B.

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Rayner, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, B. Schreder, M. Kluge, and J. Zimmer, "Femtosecond laser-induced refractive index modification in multicomponent glasses," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 083102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Seifert, G.

A. Podlipensky, A. Abdolvand, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, "Femtosecond laser assisted production of dichroitic 3D structures in composite glass containing Ag nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. A-Mat.Sci. Process. 80, 1647-1652 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shimotsuma, Y.

P. Kazansky, W. Yang, E. Bricchi, J. Bovatsek, A. Arai, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and H. Kazuyuki, "'Quill' writing with ultrashort light pulses in transparent materials," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. R. Qiu, and K. Hirao, "Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 247705 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Siegman, A. E.

Z. Guosheng, P. M. Fauchet, and A. E. Siegman, "Growth of spontaneous periodic surface structures on solids during laser illumination," Phys. Rev. B 26, 5366-5381 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Simova, E.

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, "Optically Produced Arrays of Planar Nanostructures inside Fused Silica," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Rayner, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, B. Schreder, M. Kluge, and J. Zimmer, "Femtosecond laser-induced refractive index modification in multicomponent glasses," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 083102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Hnatovsky, J. R. Taylor, P. P. Rajeev, E. Simova, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, "Pulse duration dependence of femtosecond-laser-fabricated nanogratings in fused silica," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 14104-14106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sipe, J. E.

J. E. Sipe, J. F. Young, J. S. Preston, and H. M. van Driel, "Laser-induced periodic surface structure. II. Experiments on Ge, Si, Al, and brass," Phys. Rev. B 27, 1155-1172 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Soileau, M.

M. Soileau, "Ripple structures associated with ordered surface defects in dielectrics," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20, 464-467 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Sudrie, L.

Svirko, Y. P.

P. J. Bennett, S. Dhanjal, Y. P. Svirko, and N. I. Zheludev, "Nonreciprocity of natural rotatory power," Opt. Lett. 21, 1955-1957 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Yang, P. G. Kazansky, and Y. P. Svirko, "Non-reciprocal ultrafast laser writing," Nat. Photon. 2¸ 99-104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, J. R.

C. Hnatovsky, J. R. Taylor, P. P. Rajeev, E. Simova, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, "Pulse duration dependence of femtosecond-laser-fabricated nanogratings in fused silica," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 14104-14106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, R. S.

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, "Optically Produced Arrays of Planar Nanostructures inside Fused Silica," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Rayner, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, B. Schreder, M. Kluge, and J. Zimmer, "Femtosecond laser-induced refractive index modification in multicomponent glasses," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 083102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Theppakuttai, S.

S. Theppakuttai and S. Chen, "Submicron ripple formation on glass surface upon laser-nanosphere interaction," J. Appl. Phys. 95, 5049-5052 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Trinh, M. T.

S. Lee, M. T. Trinh, J. R. Nam, K. S. Lim, M. Lee, and E. Kim, "Laser-induced defect centers and valence state change of Mn ions in sodium borate glasses," J. Lumin. 122, 142-145 (2007).
[CrossRef]

van Driel, H. M.

J. E. Sipe, J. F. Young, J. S. Preston, and H. M. van Driel, "Laser-induced periodic surface structure. II. Experiments on Ge, Si, Al, and brass," Phys. Rev. B 27, 1155-1172 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Vorobyev, A. Y.

A. Y. Vorobyev, V. S. Makin, and C. Guo, "Periodic ordering of random surface nanostructures induced by femtosecond laser pulses on metals," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 034903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, R.

R. Wagner, J. Gottmanna, A. Horna, and E. W. Kreutz, "Subwavelength ripple formation induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser radiation," Appl. Surf. Sci. 252, 8576-8579 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, W.

K. Itoh, W. Watanabe, S. Nolte, and C. B. Schaffer, "Ultrafast Processes for Bulk Modification of Transparent Materials," MRS bulletin 31, 620-625 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yang, W.

P. Kazansky, W. Yang, E. Bricchi, J. Bovatsek, A. Arai, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and H. Kazuyuki, "'Quill' writing with ultrashort light pulses in transparent materials," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Yang, P. G. Kazansky, and Y. P. Svirko, "Non-reciprocal ultrafast laser writing," Nat. Photon. 2¸ 99-104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yang, W. J.

Young, J. F.

J. E. Sipe, J. F. Young, J. S. Preston, and H. M. van Driel, "Laser-induced periodic surface structure. II. Experiments on Ge, Si, Al, and brass," Phys. Rev. B 27, 1155-1172 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, H. D.

S. L. Qu, J. R. Qiu, C. J. Zhao, X. W. Jiang, H. D. Zeng, C. S. Zhu, and K. Hirao, "Metal nanoparticle precipitation in periodic arrays in Au2O-doped glass by two interfered femtosecond laser pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2046-2048 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, C. J.

S. L. Qu, J. R. Qiu, C. J. Zhao, X. W. Jiang, H. D. Zeng, C. S. Zhu, and K. Hirao, "Metal nanoparticle precipitation in periodic arrays in Au2O-doped glass by two interfered femtosecond laser pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2046-2048 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zheludev, N. I.

Zhu, C. S.

S. L. Qu, J. R. Qiu, C. J. Zhao, X. W. Jiang, H. D. Zeng, C. S. Zhu, and K. Hirao, "Metal nanoparticle precipitation in periodic arrays in Au2O-doped glass by two interfered femtosecond laser pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2046-2048 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zimmer, J.

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Rayner, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, B. Schreder, M. Kluge, and J. Zimmer, "Femtosecond laser-induced refractive index modification in multicomponent glasses," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 083102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

S. L. Qu, J. R. Qiu, C. J. Zhao, X. W. Jiang, H. D. Zeng, C. S. Zhu, and K. Hirao, "Metal nanoparticle precipitation in periodic arrays in Au2O-doped glass by two interfered femtosecond laser pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2046-2048 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Hnatovsky, J. R. Taylor, P. P. Rajeev, E. Simova, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, "Pulse duration dependence of femtosecond-laser-fabricated nanogratings in fused silica," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 14104-14106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Borowiec and H. K. Haugen, "Subwavelength ripple formation on the surfaces of compound semiconductors irradiated with femtosecond laser pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4462-4464 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Kazansky, W. Yang, E. Bricchi, J. Bovatsek, A. Arai, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and H. Kazuyuki, "'Quill' writing with ultrashort light pulses in transparent materials," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Surf. Sci. (1)

R. Wagner, J. Gottmanna, A. Horna, and E. W. Kreutz, "Subwavelength ripple formation induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser radiation," Appl. Surf. Sci. 252, 8576-8579 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Soileau, "Ripple structures associated with ordered surface defects in dielectrics," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20, 464-467 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (4)

S. Theppakuttai and S. Chen, "Submicron ripple formation on glass surface upon laser-nanosphere interaction," J. Appl. Phys. 95, 5049-5052 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Y. Vorobyev, V. S. Makin, and C. Guo, "Periodic ordering of random surface nanostructures induced by femtosecond laser pulses on metals," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 034903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Rayner, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, B. Schreder, M. Kluge, and J. Zimmer, "Femtosecond laser-induced refractive index modification in multicomponent glasses," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 083102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Birnbaum, "Semiconductor Surface Damage Produced by Ruby Lasers," J. Appl. Phys. 36, 3688 (1965).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

S. Lee, M. T. Trinh, J. R. Nam, K. S. Lim, M. Lee, and E. Kim, "Laser-induced defect centers and valence state change of Mn ions in sodium borate glasses," J. Lumin. 122, 142-145 (2007).
[CrossRef]

MRS bulletin (1)

K. Itoh, W. Watanabe, S. Nolte, and C. B. Schaffer, "Ultrafast Processes for Bulk Modification of Transparent Materials," MRS bulletin 31, 620-625 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. B (2)

Z. Guosheng, P. M. Fauchet, and A. E. Siegman, "Growth of spontaneous periodic surface structures on solids during laser illumination," Phys. Rev. B 26, 5366-5381 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Sipe, J. F. Young, J. S. Preston, and H. M. van Driel, "Laser-induced periodic surface structure. II. Experiments on Ge, Si, Al, and brass," Phys. Rev. B 27, 1155-1172 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. R. Qiu, and K. Hirao, "Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 247705 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, "Optically Produced Arrays of Planar Nanostructures inside Fused Silica," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sci. Process. (1)

A. Podlipensky, A. Abdolvand, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, "Femtosecond laser assisted production of dichroitic 3D structures in composite glass containing Ag nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. A-Mat.Sci. Process. 80, 1647-1652 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (7)

L. Sudrie, Docteur en Sciences, PhD thesis, Université de Paris Sud XI Orsay (2002).

W. Yang, P. G. Kazansky, and Y. P. Svirko, "Non-reciprocal ultrafast laser writing," Nat. Photon. 2¸ 99-104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Günter and J. P. Huignard, eds., Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications I-II (Berlin, Springer Series 1989), Vol. 61-62.

P. G. Kazansky, E. Bricchi, Y. Shimotsuma, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, "3D Periodic Nano-Structures in Glass Irradiated by Ultrashort Light Pulses," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CFG5.
[PubMed]

E. Bricchi, W. Yang, P. Horak, C. Corbari, and P. G. Kazansky, "Characterization of Nanoscale Structures Observed in Femtosecond Laser Micromachining," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CMHH6.
[PubMed]

C. Hnatovsky, E. Simova, R. P. Pattathil, D. M. Rayner, P. B. Corkum, and R. S. Taylor, " Applications of Femtosecond Laser-Induced Self-Assembled Nanocracks in Fused Silica Glass," in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper BTuD1.

P. Niay, B. Poumellec, M. Lancry, and M. Douay, "Photosensitivity and treatments for enhancing the photosensitivity of silica-based glasses and fibers," in Photorefractive materials and their applications, P. Günter and J.-P. Huignard, eds., Springer Series 2, 535-560 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Surface topography obtained by Phase Shift Interferometry with x40 objective in the (yz) plane. Cross sections of four lines alternatively written downward/upward following x axis are shown. The femtosecond laser propagation axis is from bottom to top. The laser polarization was in the picture plan. Laser conditions: 800 nm, 160 fs, 1.1 µJ/pulse, 200 kHz, NA=0.5 writing speed=500µm/s. (a) 2D image, (b) level profile at the position of black arrow in Fig. (a).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Symmetric (a) and antisymmetric (b) part of the topography displayed in Fig. 1 around the four laser tracks photo-induced by moving the laser alternatively downward and upward (following x axis).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Tapping mode AFM images and AFM profiles across the focus region of two laser tracks written upward (a, left image) and downward (b, right image). The laser is coming from the bottom, the polarization is in the plane of the pictures and the pulse energy was 0.4 µJ. White arrows in profiles indicate nano-discontinuities.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Effect on the shearing of the symmetry properties of the beam. (a) π-rotation around the laser propagation axis. (b) Mirror anti-symmetry containing the propagation axis and perpendicular to the beam scanning axis.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Im up = Sy + ASy ; Im down = Sy ASy
Sy = Im up + Im down 2 ; ASy = Im up Im down 2

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