Abstract

We have theoretically analyzed the depleted optical thyristor structure and experimentally demonstrated optical logic gates implemented by monolithically integrated vertical cavity laser – depleted optical thyristor (VCL-DOT) for an optically programmable gate array. The optical AND-and OR-gates have been realized by changing a input bias of the single VCL-DOTs and all kinds of optical logic functions are also implemented by adjusting an intensity of the reference input beams into the differential VCL-DOTs. To achieve the high sensitivity and low threshold current, a small active region of lasing part and a wide detecting area are simultaneously designed by using a selective oxidation process.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. X. An, K. M. Geib, M. J. Hafich, L. M. Woods, S. A. Feld, F. R. Beyette, Jr., G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "Integrated optical NAND Gate," Electron. Lett. 28, 1545-1546 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  2. F. R. Beyette, Jr., K. M. Geib, S. A. Feld, X. An, M. J. Hafich, G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "Integrated optical NOR Gate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 390-392 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  3. F. R. Beyette, Jr., K. M. Geib, S. A. Feld, M. J. Hafich, X. An, G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "Optoelectronic Exclusive-OR (XOR) Gate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 686-688 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. P. Bryan, G. R. Olbright, and J. Cheng, "Cascadable surface-emitting laser logic: Demonstration of Boolean Logic," Electron. Lett. 27, 893-894 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Tashiro, N. Hamao, M. Sugimoto, N. Takado, S. Asada, and K. Kasahara, "Vertical to surface transmission electrophotonic device with selectable output light channels," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 329-331 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. Kasahara, Y. Tashiro, N. Hamao, M. Sugimoto, and T. Yanase, "Double heterostructure optoelectronic switch as a dynamic memory with low-power consumption," Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 679-681 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. Zhou, J. Cheng, C. F. Schaus, S. Z. sun, C. Hains, E. Armour, D. R. Myers, and G. A. Vawter, "Inverting and latching optical logic gates based on the integration of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers and photothyristors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 157-159 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Pankove, C. Radehaus, K. Wagner, "Winner-take-all neural net with memory," Electron. Lett. 26, 349-350 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. W. Taylor, D. L. Crawford, and J. G. Simmons, "Optoelectronic dynamic random access memory cell utilizing a three-terminal N-channel self-aligned double-heterostructure optoelectronic switch," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 543-545 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. G. Kirk, H. Thienpont, A. Goulet, P. Heremans, G. Borghs, R. Vounckx, M. Kuijk, "Parallel optoelectronic data transcription with fan-out between planes of PnpN optical thyristors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 464-466 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  11. K. Hara, K. Kojima, K. Mitsunaga, and K. Kyuma, "Optical flip-flop based on parallel-connected AlGaAs/GaAs PnpN structures," Opt. Lett. 15, 749 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. W. K. Chan, J. P. Harbison, A. C. von Lehmen, L. T. Florez, C. K. Nguyen, and S. A. Schwarz, "Optically controlled surface-emitting lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2342-2344 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  13. F. R. BeyetteJr., K. M. Geib, S. A. Feld, M. J. Hafich, X. An, G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "Optoelectronic Exclusive-OR (XOR) gate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 464-466 (1996).
  14. M. Kurata, Numerical Analysis of Semiconductor Device (Lexington Books, Massachusetts 1982).
  15. W. K. Choi, D. G. Kim, Y. W. Choi, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, "AlGaAs/GaAs NpnP depleted optical thyristor using bottom mirror layers," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 2913-2920 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  16. K. Hara, K. Kojima, K. Mitsunaga, and K. Kyuma, "Differential optical comparator using parallel connected AlGaAs PnpN optical switches," Electron. Lett. 25, 433-434 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  17. K. Ayadi, G. Bickel, M. Kuijk, P. Heremans, G. Borghs, and R. Vounckx, "A hybridized optical thyristor - CMOS receiver for optoelectronic applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 669-671 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. G. Kirk, H. Thienpont, A. Goulet, P. Heremans, G. Borghs, R. Vounckx, M. Kuijk, and I. Veretennicoff, "Demonstration of optoelectronic logic operations with differential pairs of optical thyristors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 467-469 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  19. K. Hara, K. Kojima, K. Mitsunaga, and K. Kyuma, "AlGaAs-GaAs PnpN differential optical switch," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1335-1342 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  20. J. J. Lee, D. G. Kim, J. K. Choi, Y. W. Choi, S. Y. Han, S. B. Lee, S. H. Kim, Y. Nakano, and N. Futakuchi, "Performance analysis of waveguide-type InGaAsP/InP fully-depleted optical thyristors for optical communication system," Proc. SPIE 3944, 926 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  21. W. K. Choi, D. G. Kim, Y. W. Choi, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, Y. T. Byun, J. H. Kim, and S. H. Kim, "Reverse-biased characteristics of GaAs/AlGaAs depleted optical thyristor with low depletion voltage," Proc. SPIE 4986, 180 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  22. K. D. Choquette, K. L. Lear, R. P. Schneider, K. M. Geib, J. J. Figiel, and R. Hull, "Fabrication and performance of selectively oxidized vertical-cavity lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1237-1239 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  23. K. D. Choquette, R. P. SchneiderJr., K. L. Lear, and K. M. Geib, "Low threshold voltage vertical-cavity lasers fabricated by selective oxidation," Electron. Lett. 30, 2043 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  24. W. K. Choi, D. G. Kim, KentD. Choquette, Y. K. Kim, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and Y. W. Choi, "Optical properties of selectively oxidized vertical cavity laser with depleted optical thyristor structure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 121117 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  25. W. K. Choi, D. G. Kim, D. G. Kim, K. D. Choquette, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and Y. W. Choi, "Optical AND/OR gates based on monolithically integrated vertical cavity laser with depleted optical thyristor structure," Opt. Express 14, 11833-11838 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. K. Hara, K. Kojima, K. Mitsunaga, and K. Kyuma, "AlGaAs/GaAs PnpN differential optical switch operable with 400 fJ optical input energy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1075-1077 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  27. M. Kuijk, P. Heremans, and G. Borghs, "Highly sensitive NpnP optoelectronic switch by AlAs regrowth," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 497 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  28. B. Lu, P. Zhou, Y. Lu, J. Cheng, R. E. Leibenguth, A. C. Adams, J. L. Zilko, K. L. Lear, J. C. Zolper, S. A. Chalmers, and G. A. Vawter, "Binary optical switch and programmable optical logic gate based on the integration of GaAs/AlGaAs surface-emitting lasers and heterojunction phototransistors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 398-401 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  29. F. R. BeyetteJr., X. An, K. M. Geib, S. A. Feld, M. J. Hafich, G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "XOR based on an InP/InGaAs light amplifying optical switch (LAOS)," Proc. Indium Phosphide and Related Materials 1, 584-587 (1993).
  30. P. Zhou, J. Cheng, C. F. Schaus, S. Z. Sun, C. Hains, K. Zheng, E. Armour, W. Hsin, D. R. Myers, and G. A. Vawter, "Cascadable, latching photonic switch with high optical gain by the monolithic integration of a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser and a pn-pn photothyristor," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 1009-1012 (1991).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (2)

W. K. Choi, D. G. Kim, KentD. Choquette, Y. K. Kim, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and Y. W. Choi, "Optical properties of selectively oxidized vertical cavity laser with depleted optical thyristor structure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 121117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. K. Choi, D. G. Kim, D. G. Kim, K. D. Choquette, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and Y. W. Choi, "Optical AND/OR gates based on monolithically integrated vertical cavity laser with depleted optical thyristor structure," Opt. Express 14, 11833-11838 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

W. K. Choi, D. G. Kim, Y. W. Choi, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, "AlGaAs/GaAs NpnP depleted optical thyristor using bottom mirror layers," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 2913-2920 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

W. K. Choi, D. G. Kim, Y. W. Choi, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, Y. T. Byun, J. H. Kim, and S. H. Kim, "Reverse-biased characteristics of GaAs/AlGaAs depleted optical thyristor with low depletion voltage," Proc. SPIE 4986, 180 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

J. J. Lee, D. G. Kim, J. K. Choi, Y. W. Choi, S. Y. Han, S. B. Lee, S. H. Kim, Y. Nakano, and N. Futakuchi, "Performance analysis of waveguide-type InGaAsP/InP fully-depleted optical thyristors for optical communication system," Proc. SPIE 3944, 926 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

K. Ayadi, G. Bickel, M. Kuijk, P. Heremans, G. Borghs, and R. Vounckx, "A hybridized optical thyristor - CMOS receiver for optoelectronic applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 669-671 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (3)

A. G. Kirk, H. Thienpont, A. Goulet, P. Heremans, G. Borghs, R. Vounckx, M. Kuijk, and I. Veretennicoff, "Demonstration of optoelectronic logic operations with differential pairs of optical thyristors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 467-469 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. R. BeyetteJr., K. M. Geib, S. A. Feld, M. J. Hafich, X. An, G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "Optoelectronic Exclusive-OR (XOR) gate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 464-466 (1996).

A. G. Kirk, H. Thienpont, A. Goulet, P. Heremans, G. Borghs, R. Vounckx, M. Kuijk, "Parallel optoelectronic data transcription with fan-out between planes of PnpN optical thyristors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 464-466 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

K. D. Choquette, K. L. Lear, R. P. Schneider, K. M. Geib, J. J. Figiel, and R. Hull, "Fabrication and performance of selectively oxidized vertical-cavity lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1237-1239 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

K. D. Choquette, R. P. SchneiderJr., K. L. Lear, and K. M. Geib, "Low threshold voltage vertical-cavity lasers fabricated by selective oxidation," Electron. Lett. 30, 2043 (1994).
[CrossRef]

B. Lu, P. Zhou, Y. Lu, J. Cheng, R. E. Leibenguth, A. C. Adams, J. L. Zilko, K. L. Lear, J. C. Zolper, S. A. Chalmers, and G. A. Vawter, "Binary optical switch and programmable optical logic gate based on the integration of GaAs/AlGaAs surface-emitting lasers and heterojunction phototransistors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 398-401 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

F. R. BeyetteJr., X. An, K. M. Geib, S. A. Feld, M. J. Hafich, G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "XOR based on an InP/InGaAs light amplifying optical switch (LAOS)," Proc. Indium Phosphide and Related Materials 1, 584-587 (1993).

F. R. Beyette, Jr., K. M. Geib, S. A. Feld, M. J. Hafich, X. An, G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "Optoelectronic Exclusive-OR (XOR) Gate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 686-688 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (4)

X. An, K. M. Geib, M. J. Hafich, L. M. Woods, S. A. Feld, F. R. Beyette, Jr., G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "Integrated optical NAND Gate," Electron. Lett. 28, 1545-1546 (1992).
[CrossRef]

F. R. Beyette, Jr., K. M. Geib, S. A. Feld, X. An, M. J. Hafich, G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "Integrated optical NOR Gate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 390-392 (1992).
[CrossRef]

P. Zhou, J. Cheng, C. F. Schaus, S. Z. sun, C. Hains, E. Armour, D. R. Myers, and G. A. Vawter, "Inverting and latching optical logic gates based on the integration of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers and photothyristors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 157-159 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. Hara, K. Kojima, K. Mitsunaga, and K. Kyuma, "AlGaAs-GaAs PnpN differential optical switch," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1335-1342 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (4)

W. K. Chan, J. P. Harbison, A. C. von Lehmen, L. T. Florez, C. K. Nguyen, and S. A. Schwarz, "Optically controlled surface-emitting lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2342-2344 (1991).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Bryan, G. R. Olbright, and J. Cheng, "Cascadable surface-emitting laser logic: Demonstration of Boolean Logic," Electron. Lett. 27, 893-894 (1991).
[CrossRef]

P. Zhou, J. Cheng, C. F. Schaus, S. Z. Sun, C. Hains, K. Zheng, E. Armour, W. Hsin, D. R. Myers, and G. A. Vawter, "Cascadable, latching photonic switch with high optical gain by the monolithic integration of a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser and a pn-pn photothyristor," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 1009-1012 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. Kuijk, P. Heremans, and G. Borghs, "Highly sensitive NpnP optoelectronic switch by AlAs regrowth," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 497 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (3)

K. Hara, K. Kojima, K. Mitsunaga, and K. Kyuma, "Optical flip-flop based on parallel-connected AlGaAs/GaAs PnpN structures," Opt. Lett. 15, 749 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Hara, K. Kojima, K. Mitsunaga, and K. Kyuma, "AlGaAs/GaAs PnpN differential optical switch operable with 400 fJ optical input energy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1075-1077 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Pankove, C. Radehaus, K. Wagner, "Winner-take-all neural net with memory," Electron. Lett. 26, 349-350 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (3)

G. W. Taylor, D. L. Crawford, and J. G. Simmons, "Optoelectronic dynamic random access memory cell utilizing a three-terminal N-channel self-aligned double-heterostructure optoelectronic switch," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 543-545 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tashiro, N. Hamao, M. Sugimoto, N. Takado, S. Asada, and K. Kasahara, "Vertical to surface transmission electrophotonic device with selectable output light channels," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 329-331 (1989).
[CrossRef]

K. Hara, K. Kojima, K. Mitsunaga, and K. Kyuma, "Differential optical comparator using parallel connected AlGaAs PnpN optical switches," Electron. Lett. 25, 433-434 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

K. Kasahara, Y. Tashiro, N. Hamao, M. Sugimoto, and T. Yanase, "Double heterostructure optoelectronic switch as a dynamic memory with low-power consumption," Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 679-681 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Adams, A. C.

B. Lu, P. Zhou, Y. Lu, J. Cheng, R. E. Leibenguth, A. C. Adams, J. L. Zilko, K. L. Lear, J. C. Zolper, S. A. Chalmers, and G. A. Vawter, "Binary optical switch and programmable optical logic gate based on the integration of GaAs/AlGaAs surface-emitting lasers and heterojunction phototransistors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 398-401 (1994).
[CrossRef]

An, X.

F. R. BeyetteJr., K. M. Geib, S. A. Feld, M. J. Hafich, X. An, G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "Optoelectronic Exclusive-OR (XOR) gate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 464-466 (1996).

F. R. Beyette, Jr., K. M. Geib, S. A. Feld, M. J. Hafich, X. An, G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "Optoelectronic Exclusive-OR (XOR) Gate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 686-688 (1993).
[CrossRef]

F. R. BeyetteJr., X. An, K. M. Geib, S. A. Feld, M. J. Hafich, G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "XOR based on an InP/InGaAs light amplifying optical switch (LAOS)," Proc. Indium Phosphide and Related Materials 1, 584-587 (1993).

X. An, K. M. Geib, M. J. Hafich, L. M. Woods, S. A. Feld, F. R. Beyette, Jr., G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "Integrated optical NAND Gate," Electron. Lett. 28, 1545-1546 (1992).
[CrossRef]

F. R. Beyette, Jr., K. M. Geib, S. A. Feld, X. An, M. J. Hafich, G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "Integrated optical NOR Gate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 390-392 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Armour, E.

P. Zhou, J. Cheng, C. F. Schaus, S. Z. Sun, C. Hains, K. Zheng, E. Armour, W. Hsin, D. R. Myers, and G. A. Vawter, "Cascadable, latching photonic switch with high optical gain by the monolithic integration of a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser and a pn-pn photothyristor," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 1009-1012 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Asada, S.

Y. Tashiro, N. Hamao, M. Sugimoto, N. Takado, S. Asada, and K. Kasahara, "Vertical to surface transmission electrophotonic device with selectable output light channels," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 329-331 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ayadi, K.

K. Ayadi, G. Bickel, M. Kuijk, P. Heremans, G. Borghs, and R. Vounckx, "A hybridized optical thyristor - CMOS receiver for optoelectronic applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 669-671 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Beyette, F. R.

F. R. BeyetteJr., K. M. Geib, S. A. Feld, M. J. Hafich, X. An, G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "Optoelectronic Exclusive-OR (XOR) gate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 464-466 (1996).

F. R. Beyette, Jr., K. M. Geib, S. A. Feld, M. J. Hafich, X. An, G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "Optoelectronic Exclusive-OR (XOR) Gate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 686-688 (1993).
[CrossRef]

F. R. BeyetteJr., X. An, K. M. Geib, S. A. Feld, M. J. Hafich, G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "XOR based on an InP/InGaAs light amplifying optical switch (LAOS)," Proc. Indium Phosphide and Related Materials 1, 584-587 (1993).

X. An, K. M. Geib, M. J. Hafich, L. M. Woods, S. A. Feld, F. R. Beyette, Jr., G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "Integrated optical NAND Gate," Electron. Lett. 28, 1545-1546 (1992).
[CrossRef]

F. R. Beyette, Jr., K. M. Geib, S. A. Feld, X. An, M. J. Hafich, G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "Integrated optical NOR Gate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 390-392 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Bickel, G.

K. Ayadi, G. Bickel, M. Kuijk, P. Heremans, G. Borghs, and R. Vounckx, "A hybridized optical thyristor - CMOS receiver for optoelectronic applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 669-671 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Borghs, G.

K. Ayadi, G. Bickel, M. Kuijk, P. Heremans, G. Borghs, and R. Vounckx, "A hybridized optical thyristor - CMOS receiver for optoelectronic applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 669-671 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Kirk, H. Thienpont, A. Goulet, P. Heremans, G. Borghs, R. Vounckx, M. Kuijk, and I. Veretennicoff, "Demonstration of optoelectronic logic operations with differential pairs of optical thyristors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 467-469 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Kirk, H. Thienpont, A. Goulet, P. Heremans, G. Borghs, R. Vounckx, M. Kuijk, "Parallel optoelectronic data transcription with fan-out between planes of PnpN optical thyristors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 464-466 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Kuijk, P. Heremans, and G. Borghs, "Highly sensitive NpnP optoelectronic switch by AlAs regrowth," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 497 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Bryan, R. P.

R. P. Bryan, G. R. Olbright, and J. Cheng, "Cascadable surface-emitting laser logic: Demonstration of Boolean Logic," Electron. Lett. 27, 893-894 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Byun, Y. T.

W. K. Choi, D. G. Kim, Y. W. Choi, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, Y. T. Byun, J. H. Kim, and S. H. Kim, "Reverse-biased characteristics of GaAs/AlGaAs depleted optical thyristor with low depletion voltage," Proc. SPIE 4986, 180 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chalmers, S. A.

B. Lu, P. Zhou, Y. Lu, J. Cheng, R. E. Leibenguth, A. C. Adams, J. L. Zilko, K. L. Lear, J. C. Zolper, S. A. Chalmers, and G. A. Vawter, "Binary optical switch and programmable optical logic gate based on the integration of GaAs/AlGaAs surface-emitting lasers and heterojunction phototransistors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 398-401 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chan, W. K.

W. K. Chan, J. P. Harbison, A. C. von Lehmen, L. T. Florez, C. K. Nguyen, and S. A. Schwarz, "Optically controlled surface-emitting lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2342-2344 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, J.

B. Lu, P. Zhou, Y. Lu, J. Cheng, R. E. Leibenguth, A. C. Adams, J. L. Zilko, K. L. Lear, J. C. Zolper, S. A. Chalmers, and G. A. Vawter, "Binary optical switch and programmable optical logic gate based on the integration of GaAs/AlGaAs surface-emitting lasers and heterojunction phototransistors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 398-401 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. Zhou, J. Cheng, C. F. Schaus, S. Z. sun, C. Hains, E. Armour, D. R. Myers, and G. A. Vawter, "Inverting and latching optical logic gates based on the integration of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers and photothyristors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 157-159 (1992).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Bryan, G. R. Olbright, and J. Cheng, "Cascadable surface-emitting laser logic: Demonstration of Boolean Logic," Electron. Lett. 27, 893-894 (1991).
[CrossRef]

P. Zhou, J. Cheng, C. F. Schaus, S. Z. Sun, C. Hains, K. Zheng, E. Armour, W. Hsin, D. R. Myers, and G. A. Vawter, "Cascadable, latching photonic switch with high optical gain by the monolithic integration of a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser and a pn-pn photothyristor," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 1009-1012 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Choi, J. K.

J. J. Lee, D. G. Kim, J. K. Choi, Y. W. Choi, S. Y. Han, S. B. Lee, S. H. Kim, Y. Nakano, and N. Futakuchi, "Performance analysis of waveguide-type InGaAsP/InP fully-depleted optical thyristors for optical communication system," Proc. SPIE 3944, 926 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Choi, W. K.

W. K. Choi, D. G. Kim, KentD. Choquette, Y. K. Kim, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and Y. W. Choi, "Optical properties of selectively oxidized vertical cavity laser with depleted optical thyristor structure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 121117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. K. Choi, D. G. Kim, D. G. Kim, K. D. Choquette, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and Y. W. Choi, "Optical AND/OR gates based on monolithically integrated vertical cavity laser with depleted optical thyristor structure," Opt. Express 14, 11833-11838 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. K. Choi, D. G. Kim, Y. W. Choi, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, "AlGaAs/GaAs NpnP depleted optical thyristor using bottom mirror layers," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 2913-2920 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. K. Choi, D. G. Kim, Y. W. Choi, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, Y. T. Byun, J. H. Kim, and S. H. Kim, "Reverse-biased characteristics of GaAs/AlGaAs depleted optical thyristor with low depletion voltage," Proc. SPIE 4986, 180 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Choi, Y. W.

W. K. Choi, D. G. Kim, D. G. Kim, K. D. Choquette, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and Y. W. Choi, "Optical AND/OR gates based on monolithically integrated vertical cavity laser with depleted optical thyristor structure," Opt. Express 14, 11833-11838 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. K. Choi, D. G. Kim, Y. W. Choi, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, "AlGaAs/GaAs NpnP depleted optical thyristor using bottom mirror layers," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 2913-2920 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. K. Choi, D. G. Kim, Y. W. Choi, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, Y. T. Byun, J. H. Kim, and S. H. Kim, "Reverse-biased characteristics of GaAs/AlGaAs depleted optical thyristor with low depletion voltage," Proc. SPIE 4986, 180 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Lee, D. G. Kim, J. K. Choi, Y. W. Choi, S. Y. Han, S. B. Lee, S. H. Kim, Y. Nakano, and N. Futakuchi, "Performance analysis of waveguide-type InGaAsP/InP fully-depleted optical thyristors for optical communication system," Proc. SPIE 3944, 926 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Choquette, K. D.

W. K. Choi, D. G. Kim, D. G. Kim, K. D. Choquette, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and Y. W. Choi, "Optical AND/OR gates based on monolithically integrated vertical cavity laser with depleted optical thyristor structure," Opt. Express 14, 11833-11838 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. D. Choquette, K. L. Lear, R. P. Schneider, K. M. Geib, J. J. Figiel, and R. Hull, "Fabrication and performance of selectively oxidized vertical-cavity lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1237-1239 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. D. Choquette, R. P. SchneiderJr., K. L. Lear, and K. M. Geib, "Low threshold voltage vertical-cavity lasers fabricated by selective oxidation," Electron. Lett. 30, 2043 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Crawford, D. L.

G. W. Taylor, D. L. Crawford, and J. G. Simmons, "Optoelectronic dynamic random access memory cell utilizing a three-terminal N-channel self-aligned double-heterostructure optoelectronic switch," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 543-545 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Feld, S. A.

F. R. BeyetteJr., K. M. Geib, S. A. Feld, M. J. Hafich, X. An, G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "Optoelectronic Exclusive-OR (XOR) gate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 464-466 (1996).

F. R. BeyetteJr., X. An, K. M. Geib, S. A. Feld, M. J. Hafich, G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "XOR based on an InP/InGaAs light amplifying optical switch (LAOS)," Proc. Indium Phosphide and Related Materials 1, 584-587 (1993).

F. R. Beyette, Jr., K. M. Geib, S. A. Feld, M. J. Hafich, X. An, G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "Optoelectronic Exclusive-OR (XOR) Gate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 686-688 (1993).
[CrossRef]

X. An, K. M. Geib, M. J. Hafich, L. M. Woods, S. A. Feld, F. R. Beyette, Jr., G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "Integrated optical NAND Gate," Electron. Lett. 28, 1545-1546 (1992).
[CrossRef]

F. R. Beyette, Jr., K. M. Geib, S. A. Feld, X. An, M. J. Hafich, G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "Integrated optical NOR Gate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 390-392 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Figiel, J. J.

K. D. Choquette, K. L. Lear, R. P. Schneider, K. M. Geib, J. J. Figiel, and R. Hull, "Fabrication and performance of selectively oxidized vertical-cavity lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1237-1239 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Florez, L. T.

W. K. Chan, J. P. Harbison, A. C. von Lehmen, L. T. Florez, C. K. Nguyen, and S. A. Schwarz, "Optically controlled surface-emitting lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2342-2344 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Futakuchi, N.

J. J. Lee, D. G. Kim, J. K. Choi, Y. W. Choi, S. Y. Han, S. B. Lee, S. H. Kim, Y. Nakano, and N. Futakuchi, "Performance analysis of waveguide-type InGaAsP/InP fully-depleted optical thyristors for optical communication system," Proc. SPIE 3944, 926 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Geib, K. M.

F. R. BeyetteJr., K. M. Geib, S. A. Feld, M. J. Hafich, X. An, G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "Optoelectronic Exclusive-OR (XOR) gate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 464-466 (1996).

K. D. Choquette, K. L. Lear, R. P. Schneider, K. M. Geib, J. J. Figiel, and R. Hull, "Fabrication and performance of selectively oxidized vertical-cavity lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1237-1239 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. D. Choquette, R. P. SchneiderJr., K. L. Lear, and K. M. Geib, "Low threshold voltage vertical-cavity lasers fabricated by selective oxidation," Electron. Lett. 30, 2043 (1994).
[CrossRef]

F. R. BeyetteJr., X. An, K. M. Geib, S. A. Feld, M. J. Hafich, G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "XOR based on an InP/InGaAs light amplifying optical switch (LAOS)," Proc. Indium Phosphide and Related Materials 1, 584-587 (1993).

F. R. Beyette, Jr., K. M. Geib, S. A. Feld, M. J. Hafich, X. An, G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "Optoelectronic Exclusive-OR (XOR) Gate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 686-688 (1993).
[CrossRef]

X. An, K. M. Geib, M. J. Hafich, L. M. Woods, S. A. Feld, F. R. Beyette, Jr., G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "Integrated optical NAND Gate," Electron. Lett. 28, 1545-1546 (1992).
[CrossRef]

F. R. Beyette, Jr., K. M. Geib, S. A. Feld, X. An, M. J. Hafich, G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "Integrated optical NOR Gate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 390-392 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Goulet, A.

A. G. Kirk, H. Thienpont, A. Goulet, P. Heremans, G. Borghs, R. Vounckx, M. Kuijk, "Parallel optoelectronic data transcription with fan-out between planes of PnpN optical thyristors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 464-466 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Kirk, H. Thienpont, A. Goulet, P. Heremans, G. Borghs, R. Vounckx, M. Kuijk, and I. Veretennicoff, "Demonstration of optoelectronic logic operations with differential pairs of optical thyristors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 467-469 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hafich, M. J.

F. R. BeyetteJr., K. M. Geib, S. A. Feld, M. J. Hafich, X. An, G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "Optoelectronic Exclusive-OR (XOR) gate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 464-466 (1996).

F. R. Beyette, Jr., K. M. Geib, S. A. Feld, M. J. Hafich, X. An, G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "Optoelectronic Exclusive-OR (XOR) Gate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 686-688 (1993).
[CrossRef]

F. R. BeyetteJr., X. An, K. M. Geib, S. A. Feld, M. J. Hafich, G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "XOR based on an InP/InGaAs light amplifying optical switch (LAOS)," Proc. Indium Phosphide and Related Materials 1, 584-587 (1993).

X. An, K. M. Geib, M. J. Hafich, L. M. Woods, S. A. Feld, F. R. Beyette, Jr., G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "Integrated optical NAND Gate," Electron. Lett. 28, 1545-1546 (1992).
[CrossRef]

F. R. Beyette, Jr., K. M. Geib, S. A. Feld, X. An, M. J. Hafich, G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "Integrated optical NOR Gate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 390-392 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hains, C.

P. Zhou, J. Cheng, C. F. Schaus, S. Z. Sun, C. Hains, K. Zheng, E. Armour, W. Hsin, D. R. Myers, and G. A. Vawter, "Cascadable, latching photonic switch with high optical gain by the monolithic integration of a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser and a pn-pn photothyristor," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 1009-1012 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hamao, N.

Y. Tashiro, N. Hamao, M. Sugimoto, N. Takado, S. Asada, and K. Kasahara, "Vertical to surface transmission electrophotonic device with selectable output light channels," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 329-331 (1989).
[CrossRef]

K. Kasahara, Y. Tashiro, N. Hamao, M. Sugimoto, and T. Yanase, "Double heterostructure optoelectronic switch as a dynamic memory with low-power consumption," Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 679-681 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Han, S. Y.

J. J. Lee, D. G. Kim, J. K. Choi, Y. W. Choi, S. Y. Han, S. B. Lee, S. H. Kim, Y. Nakano, and N. Futakuchi, "Performance analysis of waveguide-type InGaAsP/InP fully-depleted optical thyristors for optical communication system," Proc. SPIE 3944, 926 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hara, K.

K. Hara, K. Kojima, K. Mitsunaga, and K. Kyuma, "AlGaAs-GaAs PnpN differential optical switch," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1335-1342 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. Hara, K. Kojima, K. Mitsunaga, and K. Kyuma, "AlGaAs/GaAs PnpN differential optical switch operable with 400 fJ optical input energy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1075-1077 (1990).
[CrossRef]

K. Hara, K. Kojima, K. Mitsunaga, and K. Kyuma, "Optical flip-flop based on parallel-connected AlGaAs/GaAs PnpN structures," Opt. Lett. 15, 749 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Hara, K. Kojima, K. Mitsunaga, and K. Kyuma, "Differential optical comparator using parallel connected AlGaAs PnpN optical switches," Electron. Lett. 25, 433-434 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Harbison, J. P.

W. K. Chan, J. P. Harbison, A. C. von Lehmen, L. T. Florez, C. K. Nguyen, and S. A. Schwarz, "Optically controlled surface-emitting lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2342-2344 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Heremans, P.

K. Ayadi, G. Bickel, M. Kuijk, P. Heremans, G. Borghs, and R. Vounckx, "A hybridized optical thyristor - CMOS receiver for optoelectronic applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 669-671 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Kirk, H. Thienpont, A. Goulet, P. Heremans, G. Borghs, R. Vounckx, M. Kuijk, and I. Veretennicoff, "Demonstration of optoelectronic logic operations with differential pairs of optical thyristors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 467-469 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Kirk, H. Thienpont, A. Goulet, P. Heremans, G. Borghs, R. Vounckx, M. Kuijk, "Parallel optoelectronic data transcription with fan-out between planes of PnpN optical thyristors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 464-466 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Kuijk, P. Heremans, and G. Borghs, "Highly sensitive NpnP optoelectronic switch by AlAs regrowth," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 497 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hsin, W.

P. Zhou, J. Cheng, C. F. Schaus, S. Z. Sun, C. Hains, K. Zheng, E. Armour, W. Hsin, D. R. Myers, and G. A. Vawter, "Cascadable, latching photonic switch with high optical gain by the monolithic integration of a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser and a pn-pn photothyristor," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 1009-1012 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hull, R.

K. D. Choquette, K. L. Lear, R. P. Schneider, K. M. Geib, J. J. Figiel, and R. Hull, "Fabrication and performance of selectively oxidized vertical-cavity lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1237-1239 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kasahara, K.

Y. Tashiro, N. Hamao, M. Sugimoto, N. Takado, S. Asada, and K. Kasahara, "Vertical to surface transmission electrophotonic device with selectable output light channels," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 329-331 (1989).
[CrossRef]

K. Kasahara, Y. Tashiro, N. Hamao, M. Sugimoto, and T. Yanase, "Double heterostructure optoelectronic switch as a dynamic memory with low-power consumption," Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 679-681 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kent, D. G.

W. K. Choi, D. G. Kim, KentD. Choquette, Y. K. Kim, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and Y. W. Choi, "Optical properties of selectively oxidized vertical cavity laser with depleted optical thyristor structure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 121117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kim, D. G.

W. K. Choi, D. G. Kim, KentD. Choquette, Y. K. Kim, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and Y. W. Choi, "Optical properties of selectively oxidized vertical cavity laser with depleted optical thyristor structure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 121117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. K. Choi, D. G. Kim, D. G. Kim, K. D. Choquette, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and Y. W. Choi, "Optical AND/OR gates based on monolithically integrated vertical cavity laser with depleted optical thyristor structure," Opt. Express 14, 11833-11838 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. K. Choi, D. G. Kim, D. G. Kim, K. D. Choquette, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and Y. W. Choi, "Optical AND/OR gates based on monolithically integrated vertical cavity laser with depleted optical thyristor structure," Opt. Express 14, 11833-11838 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. K. Choi, D. G. Kim, Y. W. Choi, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, "AlGaAs/GaAs NpnP depleted optical thyristor using bottom mirror layers," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 2913-2920 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. K. Choi, D. G. Kim, Y. W. Choi, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, Y. T. Byun, J. H. Kim, and S. H. Kim, "Reverse-biased characteristics of GaAs/AlGaAs depleted optical thyristor with low depletion voltage," Proc. SPIE 4986, 180 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Lee, D. G. Kim, J. K. Choi, Y. W. Choi, S. Y. Han, S. B. Lee, S. H. Kim, Y. Nakano, and N. Futakuchi, "Performance analysis of waveguide-type InGaAsP/InP fully-depleted optical thyristors for optical communication system," Proc. SPIE 3944, 926 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. H.

W. K. Choi, D. G. Kim, Y. W. Choi, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, Y. T. Byun, J. H. Kim, and S. H. Kim, "Reverse-biased characteristics of GaAs/AlGaAs depleted optical thyristor with low depletion voltage," Proc. SPIE 4986, 180 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. H.

W. K. Choi, D. G. Kim, Y. W. Choi, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, "AlGaAs/GaAs NpnP depleted optical thyristor using bottom mirror layers," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 2913-2920 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. K. Choi, D. G. Kim, Y. W. Choi, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, Y. T. Byun, J. H. Kim, and S. H. Kim, "Reverse-biased characteristics of GaAs/AlGaAs depleted optical thyristor with low depletion voltage," Proc. SPIE 4986, 180 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Lee, D. G. Kim, J. K. Choi, Y. W. Choi, S. Y. Han, S. B. Lee, S. H. Kim, Y. Nakano, and N. Futakuchi, "Performance analysis of waveguide-type InGaAsP/InP fully-depleted optical thyristors for optical communication system," Proc. SPIE 3944, 926 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kirk, A. G.

A. G. Kirk, H. Thienpont, A. Goulet, P. Heremans, G. Borghs, R. Vounckx, M. Kuijk, "Parallel optoelectronic data transcription with fan-out between planes of PnpN optical thyristors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 464-466 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Kirk, H. Thienpont, A. Goulet, P. Heremans, G. Borghs, R. Vounckx, M. Kuijk, and I. Veretennicoff, "Demonstration of optoelectronic logic operations with differential pairs of optical thyristors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 467-469 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kojima, K.

K. Hara, K. Kojima, K. Mitsunaga, and K. Kyuma, "AlGaAs-GaAs PnpN differential optical switch," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1335-1342 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. Hara, K. Kojima, K. Mitsunaga, and K. Kyuma, "AlGaAs/GaAs PnpN differential optical switch operable with 400 fJ optical input energy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1075-1077 (1990).
[CrossRef]

K. Hara, K. Kojima, K. Mitsunaga, and K. Kyuma, "Optical flip-flop based on parallel-connected AlGaAs/GaAs PnpN structures," Opt. Lett. 15, 749 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Hara, K. Kojima, K. Mitsunaga, and K. Kyuma, "Differential optical comparator using parallel connected AlGaAs PnpN optical switches," Electron. Lett. 25, 433-434 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kuijk, M.

K. Ayadi, G. Bickel, M. Kuijk, P. Heremans, G. Borghs, and R. Vounckx, "A hybridized optical thyristor - CMOS receiver for optoelectronic applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 669-671 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Kirk, H. Thienpont, A. Goulet, P. Heremans, G. Borghs, R. Vounckx, M. Kuijk, and I. Veretennicoff, "Demonstration of optoelectronic logic operations with differential pairs of optical thyristors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 467-469 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Kirk, H. Thienpont, A. Goulet, P. Heremans, G. Borghs, R. Vounckx, M. Kuijk, "Parallel optoelectronic data transcription with fan-out between planes of PnpN optical thyristors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 464-466 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Kuijk, P. Heremans, and G. Borghs, "Highly sensitive NpnP optoelectronic switch by AlAs regrowth," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 497 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kyuma, K.

K. Hara, K. Kojima, K. Mitsunaga, and K. Kyuma, "AlGaAs-GaAs PnpN differential optical switch," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1335-1342 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. Hara, K. Kojima, K. Mitsunaga, and K. Kyuma, "AlGaAs/GaAs PnpN differential optical switch operable with 400 fJ optical input energy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1075-1077 (1990).
[CrossRef]

K. Hara, K. Kojima, K. Mitsunaga, and K. Kyuma, "Optical flip-flop based on parallel-connected AlGaAs/GaAs PnpN structures," Opt. Lett. 15, 749 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Hara, K. Kojima, K. Mitsunaga, and K. Kyuma, "Differential optical comparator using parallel connected AlGaAs PnpN optical switches," Electron. Lett. 25, 433-434 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Lear, K. L.

K. D. Choquette, K. L. Lear, R. P. Schneider, K. M. Geib, J. J. Figiel, and R. Hull, "Fabrication and performance of selectively oxidized vertical-cavity lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1237-1239 (1995).
[CrossRef]

B. Lu, P. Zhou, Y. Lu, J. Cheng, R. E. Leibenguth, A. C. Adams, J. L. Zilko, K. L. Lear, J. C. Zolper, S. A. Chalmers, and G. A. Vawter, "Binary optical switch and programmable optical logic gate based on the integration of GaAs/AlGaAs surface-emitting lasers and heterojunction phototransistors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 398-401 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. D. Choquette, R. P. SchneiderJr., K. L. Lear, and K. M. Geib, "Low threshold voltage vertical-cavity lasers fabricated by selective oxidation," Electron. Lett. 30, 2043 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. J.

J. J. Lee, D. G. Kim, J. K. Choi, Y. W. Choi, S. Y. Han, S. B. Lee, S. H. Kim, Y. Nakano, and N. Futakuchi, "Performance analysis of waveguide-type InGaAsP/InP fully-depleted optical thyristors for optical communication system," Proc. SPIE 3944, 926 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.

W. K. Choi, D. G. Kim, D. G. Kim, K. D. Choquette, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and Y. W. Choi, "Optical AND/OR gates based on monolithically integrated vertical cavity laser with depleted optical thyristor structure," Opt. Express 14, 11833-11838 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. K. Choi, D. G. Kim, Y. W. Choi, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, "AlGaAs/GaAs NpnP depleted optical thyristor using bottom mirror layers," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 2913-2920 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. K. Choi, D. G. Kim, Y. W. Choi, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, Y. T. Byun, J. H. Kim, and S. H. Kim, "Reverse-biased characteristics of GaAs/AlGaAs depleted optical thyristor with low depletion voltage," Proc. SPIE 4986, 180 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. B.

J. J. Lee, D. G. Kim, J. K. Choi, Y. W. Choi, S. Y. Han, S. B. Lee, S. H. Kim, Y. Nakano, and N. Futakuchi, "Performance analysis of waveguide-type InGaAsP/InP fully-depleted optical thyristors for optical communication system," Proc. SPIE 3944, 926 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Leibenguth, R. E.

B. Lu, P. Zhou, Y. Lu, J. Cheng, R. E. Leibenguth, A. C. Adams, J. L. Zilko, K. L. Lear, J. C. Zolper, S. A. Chalmers, and G. A. Vawter, "Binary optical switch and programmable optical logic gate based on the integration of GaAs/AlGaAs surface-emitting lasers and heterojunction phototransistors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 398-401 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lu, B.

B. Lu, P. Zhou, Y. Lu, J. Cheng, R. E. Leibenguth, A. C. Adams, J. L. Zilko, K. L. Lear, J. C. Zolper, S. A. Chalmers, and G. A. Vawter, "Binary optical switch and programmable optical logic gate based on the integration of GaAs/AlGaAs surface-emitting lasers and heterojunction phototransistors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 398-401 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Y.

B. Lu, P. Zhou, Y. Lu, J. Cheng, R. E. Leibenguth, A. C. Adams, J. L. Zilko, K. L. Lear, J. C. Zolper, S. A. Chalmers, and G. A. Vawter, "Binary optical switch and programmable optical logic gate based on the integration of GaAs/AlGaAs surface-emitting lasers and heterojunction phototransistors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 398-401 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mitsunaga, K.

K. Hara, K. Kojima, K. Mitsunaga, and K. Kyuma, "AlGaAs-GaAs PnpN differential optical switch," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1335-1342 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. Hara, K. Kojima, K. Mitsunaga, and K. Kyuma, "AlGaAs/GaAs PnpN differential optical switch operable with 400 fJ optical input energy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1075-1077 (1990).
[CrossRef]

K. Hara, K. Kojima, K. Mitsunaga, and K. Kyuma, "Optical flip-flop based on parallel-connected AlGaAs/GaAs PnpN structures," Opt. Lett. 15, 749 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Hara, K. Kojima, K. Mitsunaga, and K. Kyuma, "Differential optical comparator using parallel connected AlGaAs PnpN optical switches," Electron. Lett. 25, 433-434 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Myers, D. R.

P. Zhou, J. Cheng, C. F. Schaus, S. Z. Sun, C. Hains, K. Zheng, E. Armour, W. Hsin, D. R. Myers, and G. A. Vawter, "Cascadable, latching photonic switch with high optical gain by the monolithic integration of a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser and a pn-pn photothyristor," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 1009-1012 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Nakano, Y.

J. J. Lee, D. G. Kim, J. K. Choi, Y. W. Choi, S. Y. Han, S. B. Lee, S. H. Kim, Y. Nakano, and N. Futakuchi, "Performance analysis of waveguide-type InGaAsP/InP fully-depleted optical thyristors for optical communication system," Proc. SPIE 3944, 926 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, C. K.

W. K. Chan, J. P. Harbison, A. C. von Lehmen, L. T. Florez, C. K. Nguyen, and S. A. Schwarz, "Optically controlled surface-emitting lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2342-2344 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Olbright, G. R.

R. P. Bryan, G. R. Olbright, and J. Cheng, "Cascadable surface-emitting laser logic: Demonstration of Boolean Logic," Electron. Lett. 27, 893-894 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Pankove, J.

J. Pankove, C. Radehaus, K. Wagner, "Winner-take-all neural net with memory," Electron. Lett. 26, 349-350 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Radehaus, C.

J. Pankove, C. Radehaus, K. Wagner, "Winner-take-all neural net with memory," Electron. Lett. 26, 349-350 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Robinson, G. Y.

F. R. BeyetteJr., K. M. Geib, S. A. Feld, M. J. Hafich, X. An, G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "Optoelectronic Exclusive-OR (XOR) gate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 464-466 (1996).

F. R. Beyette, Jr., K. M. Geib, S. A. Feld, M. J. Hafich, X. An, G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "Optoelectronic Exclusive-OR (XOR) Gate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 686-688 (1993).
[CrossRef]

F. R. BeyetteJr., X. An, K. M. Geib, S. A. Feld, M. J. Hafich, G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "XOR based on an InP/InGaAs light amplifying optical switch (LAOS)," Proc. Indium Phosphide and Related Materials 1, 584-587 (1993).

X. An, K. M. Geib, M. J. Hafich, L. M. Woods, S. A. Feld, F. R. Beyette, Jr., G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "Integrated optical NAND Gate," Electron. Lett. 28, 1545-1546 (1992).
[CrossRef]

F. R. Beyette, Jr., K. M. Geib, S. A. Feld, X. An, M. J. Hafich, G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "Integrated optical NOR Gate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 390-392 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Schaus, C. F.

P. Zhou, J. Cheng, C. F. Schaus, S. Z. sun, C. Hains, E. Armour, D. R. Myers, and G. A. Vawter, "Inverting and latching optical logic gates based on the integration of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers and photothyristors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 157-159 (1992).
[CrossRef]

P. Zhou, J. Cheng, C. F. Schaus, S. Z. Sun, C. Hains, K. Zheng, E. Armour, W. Hsin, D. R. Myers, and G. A. Vawter, "Cascadable, latching photonic switch with high optical gain by the monolithic integration of a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser and a pn-pn photothyristor," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 1009-1012 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Schneider, R. P.

K. D. Choquette, K. L. Lear, R. P. Schneider, K. M. Geib, J. J. Figiel, and R. Hull, "Fabrication and performance of selectively oxidized vertical-cavity lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1237-1239 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. D. Choquette, R. P. SchneiderJr., K. L. Lear, and K. M. Geib, "Low threshold voltage vertical-cavity lasers fabricated by selective oxidation," Electron. Lett. 30, 2043 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Schwarz, S. A.

W. K. Chan, J. P. Harbison, A. C. von Lehmen, L. T. Florez, C. K. Nguyen, and S. A. Schwarz, "Optically controlled surface-emitting lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2342-2344 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Simmons, J. G.

G. W. Taylor, D. L. Crawford, and J. G. Simmons, "Optoelectronic dynamic random access memory cell utilizing a three-terminal N-channel self-aligned double-heterostructure optoelectronic switch," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 543-545 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, M.

Y. Tashiro, N. Hamao, M. Sugimoto, N. Takado, S. Asada, and K. Kasahara, "Vertical to surface transmission electrophotonic device with selectable output light channels," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 329-331 (1989).
[CrossRef]

K. Kasahara, Y. Tashiro, N. Hamao, M. Sugimoto, and T. Yanase, "Double heterostructure optoelectronic switch as a dynamic memory with low-power consumption," Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 679-681 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sun, S. Z.

P. Zhou, J. Cheng, C. F. Schaus, S. Z. Sun, C. Hains, K. Zheng, E. Armour, W. Hsin, D. R. Myers, and G. A. Vawter, "Cascadable, latching photonic switch with high optical gain by the monolithic integration of a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser and a pn-pn photothyristor," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 1009-1012 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Takado, N.

Y. Tashiro, N. Hamao, M. Sugimoto, N. Takado, S. Asada, and K. Kasahara, "Vertical to surface transmission electrophotonic device with selectable output light channels," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 329-331 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Tashiro, Y.

Y. Tashiro, N. Hamao, M. Sugimoto, N. Takado, S. Asada, and K. Kasahara, "Vertical to surface transmission electrophotonic device with selectable output light channels," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 329-331 (1989).
[CrossRef]

K. Kasahara, Y. Tashiro, N. Hamao, M. Sugimoto, and T. Yanase, "Double heterostructure optoelectronic switch as a dynamic memory with low-power consumption," Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 679-681 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, G. W.

G. W. Taylor, D. L. Crawford, and J. G. Simmons, "Optoelectronic dynamic random access memory cell utilizing a three-terminal N-channel self-aligned double-heterostructure optoelectronic switch," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 543-545 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Thienpont, H.

A. G. Kirk, H. Thienpont, A. Goulet, P. Heremans, G. Borghs, R. Vounckx, M. Kuijk, "Parallel optoelectronic data transcription with fan-out between planes of PnpN optical thyristors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 464-466 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Kirk, H. Thienpont, A. Goulet, P. Heremans, G. Borghs, R. Vounckx, M. Kuijk, and I. Veretennicoff, "Demonstration of optoelectronic logic operations with differential pairs of optical thyristors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 467-469 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Vawter, G. A.

B. Lu, P. Zhou, Y. Lu, J. Cheng, R. E. Leibenguth, A. C. Adams, J. L. Zilko, K. L. Lear, J. C. Zolper, S. A. Chalmers, and G. A. Vawter, "Binary optical switch and programmable optical logic gate based on the integration of GaAs/AlGaAs surface-emitting lasers and heterojunction phototransistors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 398-401 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. Zhou, J. Cheng, C. F. Schaus, S. Z. Sun, C. Hains, K. Zheng, E. Armour, W. Hsin, D. R. Myers, and G. A. Vawter, "Cascadable, latching photonic switch with high optical gain by the monolithic integration of a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser and a pn-pn photothyristor," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 1009-1012 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Veretennicoff, I.

A. G. Kirk, H. Thienpont, A. Goulet, P. Heremans, G. Borghs, R. Vounckx, M. Kuijk, and I. Veretennicoff, "Demonstration of optoelectronic logic operations with differential pairs of optical thyristors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 467-469 (1996).
[CrossRef]

von Lehmen, A. C.

W. K. Chan, J. P. Harbison, A. C. von Lehmen, L. T. Florez, C. K. Nguyen, and S. A. Schwarz, "Optically controlled surface-emitting lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2342-2344 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Vounckx, R.

K. Ayadi, G. Bickel, M. Kuijk, P. Heremans, G. Borghs, and R. Vounckx, "A hybridized optical thyristor - CMOS receiver for optoelectronic applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 669-671 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Kirk, H. Thienpont, A. Goulet, P. Heremans, G. Borghs, R. Vounckx, M. Kuijk, and I. Veretennicoff, "Demonstration of optoelectronic logic operations with differential pairs of optical thyristors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 467-469 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Kirk, H. Thienpont, A. Goulet, P. Heremans, G. Borghs, R. Vounckx, M. Kuijk, "Parallel optoelectronic data transcription with fan-out between planes of PnpN optical thyristors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 464-466 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, K.

J. Pankove, C. Radehaus, K. Wagner, "Winner-take-all neural net with memory," Electron. Lett. 26, 349-350 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Wilmsen, C. W.

F. R. BeyetteJr., K. M. Geib, S. A. Feld, M. J. Hafich, X. An, G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "Optoelectronic Exclusive-OR (XOR) gate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 464-466 (1996).

F. R. Beyette, Jr., K. M. Geib, S. A. Feld, M. J. Hafich, X. An, G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "Optoelectronic Exclusive-OR (XOR) Gate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 686-688 (1993).
[CrossRef]

F. R. BeyetteJr., X. An, K. M. Geib, S. A. Feld, M. J. Hafich, G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "XOR based on an InP/InGaAs light amplifying optical switch (LAOS)," Proc. Indium Phosphide and Related Materials 1, 584-587 (1993).

X. An, K. M. Geib, M. J. Hafich, L. M. Woods, S. A. Feld, F. R. Beyette, Jr., G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "Integrated optical NAND Gate," Electron. Lett. 28, 1545-1546 (1992).
[CrossRef]

F. R. Beyette, Jr., K. M. Geib, S. A. Feld, X. An, M. J. Hafich, G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "Integrated optical NOR Gate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 390-392 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Woo, D. H.

W. K. Choi, D. G. Kim, D. G. Kim, K. D. Choquette, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and Y. W. Choi, "Optical AND/OR gates based on monolithically integrated vertical cavity laser with depleted optical thyristor structure," Opt. Express 14, 11833-11838 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. K. Choi, D. G. Kim, Y. W. Choi, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, "AlGaAs/GaAs NpnP depleted optical thyristor using bottom mirror layers," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 2913-2920 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. K. Choi, D. G. Kim, Y. W. Choi, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, Y. T. Byun, J. H. Kim, and S. H. Kim, "Reverse-biased characteristics of GaAs/AlGaAs depleted optical thyristor with low depletion voltage," Proc. SPIE 4986, 180 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Woods, L. M.

X. An, K. M. Geib, M. J. Hafich, L. M. Woods, S. A. Feld, F. R. Beyette, Jr., G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "Integrated optical NAND Gate," Electron. Lett. 28, 1545-1546 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Yanase, T.

K. Kasahara, Y. Tashiro, N. Hamao, M. Sugimoto, and T. Yanase, "Double heterostructure optoelectronic switch as a dynamic memory with low-power consumption," Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 679-681 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, K.

P. Zhou, J. Cheng, C. F. Schaus, S. Z. Sun, C. Hains, K. Zheng, E. Armour, W. Hsin, D. R. Myers, and G. A. Vawter, "Cascadable, latching photonic switch with high optical gain by the monolithic integration of a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser and a pn-pn photothyristor," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 1009-1012 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, P.

B. Lu, P. Zhou, Y. Lu, J. Cheng, R. E. Leibenguth, A. C. Adams, J. L. Zilko, K. L. Lear, J. C. Zolper, S. A. Chalmers, and G. A. Vawter, "Binary optical switch and programmable optical logic gate based on the integration of GaAs/AlGaAs surface-emitting lasers and heterojunction phototransistors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 398-401 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. Zhou, J. Cheng, C. F. Schaus, S. Z. sun, C. Hains, E. Armour, D. R. Myers, and G. A. Vawter, "Inverting and latching optical logic gates based on the integration of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers and photothyristors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 157-159 (1992).
[CrossRef]

P. Zhou, J. Cheng, C. F. Schaus, S. Z. Sun, C. Hains, K. Zheng, E. Armour, W. Hsin, D. R. Myers, and G. A. Vawter, "Cascadable, latching photonic switch with high optical gain by the monolithic integration of a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser and a pn-pn photothyristor," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 1009-1012 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Zilko, J. L.

B. Lu, P. Zhou, Y. Lu, J. Cheng, R. E. Leibenguth, A. C. Adams, J. L. Zilko, K. L. Lear, J. C. Zolper, S. A. Chalmers, and G. A. Vawter, "Binary optical switch and programmable optical logic gate based on the integration of GaAs/AlGaAs surface-emitting lasers and heterojunction phototransistors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 398-401 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Zolper, J. C.

B. Lu, P. Zhou, Y. Lu, J. Cheng, R. E. Leibenguth, A. C. Adams, J. L. Zilko, K. L. Lear, J. C. Zolper, S. A. Chalmers, and G. A. Vawter, "Binary optical switch and programmable optical logic gate based on the integration of GaAs/AlGaAs surface-emitting lasers and heterojunction phototransistors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 398-401 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (7)

Y. Tashiro, N. Hamao, M. Sugimoto, N. Takado, S. Asada, and K. Kasahara, "Vertical to surface transmission electrophotonic device with selectable output light channels," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 329-331 (1989).
[CrossRef]

K. Kasahara, Y. Tashiro, N. Hamao, M. Sugimoto, and T. Yanase, "Double heterostructure optoelectronic switch as a dynamic memory with low-power consumption," Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 679-681 (1988).
[CrossRef]

G. W. Taylor, D. L. Crawford, and J. G. Simmons, "Optoelectronic dynamic random access memory cell utilizing a three-terminal N-channel self-aligned double-heterostructure optoelectronic switch," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 543-545 (1989).
[CrossRef]

W. K. Chan, J. P. Harbison, A. C. von Lehmen, L. T. Florez, C. K. Nguyen, and S. A. Schwarz, "Optically controlled surface-emitting lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2342-2344 (1991).
[CrossRef]

W. K. Choi, D. G. Kim, KentD. Choquette, Y. K. Kim, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and Y. W. Choi, "Optical properties of selectively oxidized vertical cavity laser with depleted optical thyristor structure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 121117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Hara, K. Kojima, K. Mitsunaga, and K. Kyuma, "AlGaAs/GaAs PnpN differential optical switch operable with 400 fJ optical input energy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1075-1077 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. Kuijk, P. Heremans, and G. Borghs, "Highly sensitive NpnP optoelectronic switch by AlAs regrowth," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 497 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (5)

K. D. Choquette, R. P. SchneiderJr., K. L. Lear, and K. M. Geib, "Low threshold voltage vertical-cavity lasers fabricated by selective oxidation," Electron. Lett. 30, 2043 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. Hara, K. Kojima, K. Mitsunaga, and K. Kyuma, "Differential optical comparator using parallel connected AlGaAs PnpN optical switches," Electron. Lett. 25, 433-434 (1989).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Bryan, G. R. Olbright, and J. Cheng, "Cascadable surface-emitting laser logic: Demonstration of Boolean Logic," Electron. Lett. 27, 893-894 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Pankove, C. Radehaus, K. Wagner, "Winner-take-all neural net with memory," Electron. Lett. 26, 349-350 (1990).
[CrossRef]

X. An, K. M. Geib, M. J. Hafich, L. M. Woods, S. A. Feld, F. R. Beyette, Jr., G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "Integrated optical NAND Gate," Electron. Lett. 28, 1545-1546 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. Hara, K. Kojima, K. Mitsunaga, and K. Kyuma, "AlGaAs-GaAs PnpN differential optical switch," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1335-1342 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (10)

K. D. Choquette, K. L. Lear, R. P. Schneider, K. M. Geib, J. J. Figiel, and R. Hull, "Fabrication and performance of selectively oxidized vertical-cavity lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1237-1239 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Ayadi, G. Bickel, M. Kuijk, P. Heremans, G. Borghs, and R. Vounckx, "A hybridized optical thyristor - CMOS receiver for optoelectronic applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 669-671 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Kirk, H. Thienpont, A. Goulet, P. Heremans, G. Borghs, R. Vounckx, M. Kuijk, and I. Veretennicoff, "Demonstration of optoelectronic logic operations with differential pairs of optical thyristors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 467-469 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. R. BeyetteJr., K. M. Geib, S. A. Feld, M. J. Hafich, X. An, G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "Optoelectronic Exclusive-OR (XOR) gate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 464-466 (1996).

F. R. Beyette, Jr., K. M. Geib, S. A. Feld, X. An, M. J. Hafich, G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "Integrated optical NOR Gate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 390-392 (1992).
[CrossRef]

F. R. Beyette, Jr., K. M. Geib, S. A. Feld, M. J. Hafich, X. An, G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "Optoelectronic Exclusive-OR (XOR) Gate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 686-688 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. Zhou, J. Cheng, C. F. Schaus, S. Z. sun, C. Hains, E. Armour, D. R. Myers, and G. A. Vawter, "Inverting and latching optical logic gates based on the integration of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers and photothyristors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 157-159 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Kirk, H. Thienpont, A. Goulet, P. Heremans, G. Borghs, R. Vounckx, M. Kuijk, "Parallel optoelectronic data transcription with fan-out between planes of PnpN optical thyristors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 464-466 (1996).
[CrossRef]

P. Zhou, J. Cheng, C. F. Schaus, S. Z. Sun, C. Hains, K. Zheng, E. Armour, W. Hsin, D. R. Myers, and G. A. Vawter, "Cascadable, latching photonic switch with high optical gain by the monolithic integration of a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser and a pn-pn photothyristor," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 1009-1012 (1991).
[CrossRef]

B. Lu, P. Zhou, Y. Lu, J. Cheng, R. E. Leibenguth, A. C. Adams, J. L. Zilko, K. L. Lear, J. C. Zolper, S. A. Chalmers, and G. A. Vawter, "Binary optical switch and programmable optical logic gate based on the integration of GaAs/AlGaAs surface-emitting lasers and heterojunction phototransistors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 398-401 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Indium Phosphide and Related Materials (1)

F. R. BeyetteJr., X. An, K. M. Geib, S. A. Feld, M. J. Hafich, G. Y. Robinson, and C. W. Wilmsen, "XOR based on an InP/InGaAs light amplifying optical switch (LAOS)," Proc. Indium Phosphide and Related Materials 1, 584-587 (1993).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

W. K. Choi, D. G. Kim, Y. W. Choi, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, "AlGaAs/GaAs NpnP depleted optical thyristor using bottom mirror layers," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 2913-2920 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (2)

J. J. Lee, D. G. Kim, J. K. Choi, Y. W. Choi, S. Y. Han, S. B. Lee, S. H. Kim, Y. Nakano, and N. Futakuchi, "Performance analysis of waveguide-type InGaAsP/InP fully-depleted optical thyristors for optical communication system," Proc. SPIE 3944, 926 (2000).
[CrossRef]

W. K. Choi, D. G. Kim, Y. W. Choi, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, Y. T. Byun, J. H. Kim, and S. H. Kim, "Reverse-biased characteristics of GaAs/AlGaAs depleted optical thyristor with low depletion voltage," Proc. SPIE 4986, 180 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

M. Kurata, Numerical Analysis of Semiconductor Device (Lexington Books, Massachusetts 1982).

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Cross-section of optical thyristor structure with external resistor (R) and (b) typical s-shaped current-voltage characteristic of optical thyristor.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Cross-section of differential optical thyristor structure and (b) timing diagram of the differential switching operation.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Refractive index profile and longitudinal electric field in the vicinity of the optical cavity within our desired VCL-DOT.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Simulation results of I-V characteristics in our optimized optical thyristor cavity structure.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Schematic diagram of selectively oxidized VCL-DOT.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Light-current(solid) and current-voltage(dotted) curves of a 2×2 µm VCL-DOT. The inset shows the top view of the fabricated device.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Slope efficiency as varying the oxide aperture. The inset shows the single mode spectral response of VCL-DOT.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

LIV curve of the VCL-DOT with an oxide aperture of 5×5 µm as a function of input light intensity.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Demonstration of digital optical logic operations (a) OR and (b) AND using a VCLDOT. (c) Schematic equivalent circuit for single VCL-DOT.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Demonstration of digital optical logic operations (a) OR, (b) NOR, (c) AND, and (d) NAND using a differential VCL-DOT. The photograph contains seven traces showing the bias voltage, optical inputs A and B, and the optical output pulses, respectively. (e) Schematic equivalent circuit for differential VCL-DOT.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Switching and holding voltages [V] and currents [µA/cm] as a function of inner and outer layer thickness

Equations (6)

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1 ε d ε dx E ( x ) + d E ( x ) dx = q ε ( p n + N D N A ) ,
n t = 1 q d J n dx + G n U R ,
p t = 1 q d J p dx + G p U R ,
U = pn n i 2 τ p ( n + n i ) + τ n ( p + n i ) ,
G = 1 q α p J p + 1 q α n J n ,
α p , n = A p , n · exp [ ( B p , n E ) m ]

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