Abstract

Based on the thermo-optic tuning of a polymer waveguide Bragg reflector, we demonstrated a cost-effective tunable wavelength laser for WDM optical communications. The excellent thermo-optic effect of the polymer waveguide enabled direct tuning of the Bragg reflection wavelength by controlling the electrical power on a micro-heater. Wavelength tuning for 32 channels with 0.8 nm wavelength spacing was demonstrated as well as a continuous tuning with wavelength steps of 0.1 nm. To be qualified as a tunable laser for WDM-PON applications, wavelength stability within 0.15 nm was confirmed for an operating temperature range from -10 to 70 °C.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. L. A. Coldren, G. A. Fish, Y. Akulova, J. S. Barton, L. Johansson, and C. W. Coldren, "Tunable Semiconductor Lasers: A Tutorial," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 193-202 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, "Fiber Grating Sensors," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442-1463 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S.-W. Lee, C.-S. Kim, and B.-M. Kim, "External line-cavity wavelength-swept source at 850 nm for optical coherence tomography," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 176-178 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. Takabayashi, K. Takada, N. Hashimoto, M. Doi, S. Tomabechi, T. Nakazawa, and K. Morito, "Widely (132 nm) wavelength tunable laser using a semiconductor optical amplifier and an acousto-optic tunable filter," Electron. Lett. 40, 1187- 1188 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Deki, T. Hatanaka, M. Takahashi, T. Takeuchi, S. Watanabe, S. Takaesu, T. Miyazaki, M. Horie, and H. Yamazaki, "Wide-wavelength tunable lasers with 100 GHz FSR ring resonators," Electron. Lett. 43, 225-226 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Chacinski, M. Isaksson, and R. Schatz, "High-speed direct modulation of widely tunable MG-Y laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1157-1159 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. R. Doerr, L. W. Stulz, R. Pafcheck, K. Dreyer, and L. Zhang, "Potentially low-cost tunable laser consisting of a semiconductor optical amplifirer connected directly to a silica waveguide grating router," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1446-1448 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Sudo, K. Mizutani, J. De Merlier, T. Okamoto, K. Tsuruoka, K. Sato, and K. Kudo, "External cavity wavelength tunable laser with on-chip VOA using etched mirror based integration technology," Electron. Lett. 42, 347-349 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M.-C. Oh, H.-J. Lee, M.-H. Lee, J.-H. Ahn, S.-G. Han, and H.-G. Kim, "Tunable wavelength filters with Bragg gratings in polymer waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2543-2545 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  10. V. Jayaraman, A. Mathur, L. A. Coldren, and P. D. Dapkus, "Theory, design, and performance of extended tuning range in sampled grating DBR lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1824-1834 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D.-H. Kim, W.-J. Chin, S.-S. Lee, S.-W. Ahn, and K.-D. Lee, "Tunable polymeric Bragg grating filter using nanoimprint technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 71120 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. K.-J. Kim, J.-K. Seo, and M.-C. Oh, "Strain induced tunable wavelength filters based on flexible polymer waveguide Bragg reflector," Opt. Express 16, 1423-1430 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. G. Jeong, J.-H. Lee, M.-Y. Park, C.-Y. Kim, S.-H. Cho, W. Lee, and B.-W. Kim, "Over 26-nm wavelength tunable external cavity laser based on polymer waveguide platforms for WDM access networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2102-2104 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. H. Oh, D.-H. Lee, K. S. Kim, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, "High-performance 1.55-μm superluminescent diode with butt-coupled spot-size converter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 894-896 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  15. Y.-O. Noh, C.-H. Lee, J.-M. Kim, W.-Y. Hwang, Y.-H. Won, H.-J. Lee, S.-G. Han, and M.-C. Oh, "Polymer waveguide variable optical attenuator and its reliability," Opt. Commun. 242, 533-540 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (2)

K.-J. Kim, J.-K. Seo, and M.-C. Oh, "Strain induced tunable wavelength filters based on flexible polymer waveguide Bragg reflector," Opt. Express 16, 1423-1430 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Oh, D.-H. Lee, K. S. Kim, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, "High-performance 1.55-μm superluminescent diode with butt-coupled spot-size converter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 894-896 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

S.-W. Lee, C.-S. Kim, and B.-M. Kim, "External line-cavity wavelength-swept source at 850 nm for optical coherence tomography," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 176-178 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Deki, T. Hatanaka, M. Takahashi, T. Takeuchi, S. Watanabe, S. Takaesu, T. Miyazaki, M. Horie, and H. Yamazaki, "Wide-wavelength tunable lasers with 100 GHz FSR ring resonators," Electron. Lett. 43, 225-226 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

S. Sudo, K. Mizutani, J. De Merlier, T. Okamoto, K. Tsuruoka, K. Sato, and K. Kudo, "External cavity wavelength tunable laser with on-chip VOA using etched mirror based integration technology," Electron. Lett. 42, 347-349 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Jeong, J.-H. Lee, M.-Y. Park, C.-Y. Kim, S.-H. Cho, W. Lee, and B.-W. Kim, "Over 26-nm wavelength tunable external cavity laser based on polymer waveguide platforms for WDM access networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2102-2104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D.-H. Kim, W.-J. Chin, S.-S. Lee, S.-W. Ahn, and K.-D. Lee, "Tunable polymeric Bragg grating filter using nanoimprint technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 71120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

M. Chacinski, M. Isaksson, and R. Schatz, "High-speed direct modulation of widely tunable MG-Y laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1157-1159 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

K. Takabayashi, K. Takada, N. Hashimoto, M. Doi, S. Tomabechi, T. Nakazawa, and K. Morito, "Widely (132 nm) wavelength tunable laser using a semiconductor optical amplifier and an acousto-optic tunable filter," Electron. Lett. 40, 1187- 1188 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Coldren, G. A. Fish, Y. Akulova, J. S. Barton, L. Johansson, and C. W. Coldren, "Tunable Semiconductor Lasers: A Tutorial," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 193-202 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y.-O. Noh, C.-H. Lee, J.-M. Kim, W.-Y. Hwang, Y.-H. Won, H.-J. Lee, S.-G. Han, and M.-C. Oh, "Polymer waveguide variable optical attenuator and its reliability," Opt. Commun. 242, 533-540 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

C. R. Doerr, L. W. Stulz, R. Pafcheck, K. Dreyer, and L. Zhang, "Potentially low-cost tunable laser consisting of a semiconductor optical amplifirer connected directly to a silica waveguide grating router," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1446-1448 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

M.-C. Oh, H.-J. Lee, M.-H. Lee, J.-H. Ahn, S.-G. Han, and H.-G. Kim, "Tunable wavelength filters with Bragg gratings in polymer waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2543-2545 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, "Fiber Grating Sensors," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442-1463 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

V. Jayaraman, A. Mathur, L. A. Coldren, and P. D. Dapkus, "Theory, design, and performance of extended tuning range in sampled grating DBR lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1824-1834 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ahn, J.-H.

M.-C. Oh, H.-J. Lee, M.-H. Lee, J.-H. Ahn, S.-G. Han, and H.-G. Kim, "Tunable wavelength filters with Bragg gratings in polymer waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2543-2545 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ahn, S.-W.

D.-H. Kim, W.-J. Chin, S.-S. Lee, S.-W. Ahn, and K.-D. Lee, "Tunable polymeric Bragg grating filter using nanoimprint technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 71120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Akulova, Y.

Askins, C. G.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, "Fiber Grating Sensors," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442-1463 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Baek, Y.-S.

S. H. Oh, D.-H. Lee, K. S. Kim, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, "High-performance 1.55-μm superluminescent diode with butt-coupled spot-size converter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 894-896 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Barton, J. S.

Chacinski, M.

M. Chacinski, M. Isaksson, and R. Schatz, "High-speed direct modulation of widely tunable MG-Y laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1157-1159 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chin, W.-J.

D.-H. Kim, W.-J. Chin, S.-S. Lee, S.-W. Ahn, and K.-D. Lee, "Tunable polymeric Bragg grating filter using nanoimprint technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 71120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cho, S.-H.

G. Jeong, J.-H. Lee, M.-Y. Park, C.-Y. Kim, S.-H. Cho, W. Lee, and B.-W. Kim, "Over 26-nm wavelength tunable external cavity laser based on polymer waveguide platforms for WDM access networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2102-2104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Coldren, C. W.

Coldren, L. A.

L. A. Coldren, G. A. Fish, Y. Akulova, J. S. Barton, L. Johansson, and C. W. Coldren, "Tunable Semiconductor Lasers: A Tutorial," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 193-202 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. Jayaraman, A. Mathur, L. A. Coldren, and P. D. Dapkus, "Theory, design, and performance of extended tuning range in sampled grating DBR lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1824-1834 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Dapkus, P. D.

V. Jayaraman, A. Mathur, L. A. Coldren, and P. D. Dapkus, "Theory, design, and performance of extended tuning range in sampled grating DBR lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1824-1834 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Davis, M. A.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, "Fiber Grating Sensors," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442-1463 (1997).
[CrossRef]

De Merlier, J.

S. Sudo, K. Mizutani, J. De Merlier, T. Okamoto, K. Tsuruoka, K. Sato, and K. Kudo, "External cavity wavelength tunable laser with on-chip VOA using etched mirror based integration technology," Electron. Lett. 42, 347-349 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Deki, Y.

Y. Deki, T. Hatanaka, M. Takahashi, T. Takeuchi, S. Watanabe, S. Takaesu, T. Miyazaki, M. Horie, and H. Yamazaki, "Wide-wavelength tunable lasers with 100 GHz FSR ring resonators," Electron. Lett. 43, 225-226 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Doerr, C. R.

C. R. Doerr, L. W. Stulz, R. Pafcheck, K. Dreyer, and L. Zhang, "Potentially low-cost tunable laser consisting of a semiconductor optical amplifirer connected directly to a silica waveguide grating router," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1446-1448 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Doi, M.

K. Takabayashi, K. Takada, N. Hashimoto, M. Doi, S. Tomabechi, T. Nakazawa, and K. Morito, "Widely (132 nm) wavelength tunable laser using a semiconductor optical amplifier and an acousto-optic tunable filter," Electron. Lett. 40, 1187- 1188 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dreyer, K.

C. R. Doerr, L. W. Stulz, R. Pafcheck, K. Dreyer, and L. Zhang, "Potentially low-cost tunable laser consisting of a semiconductor optical amplifirer connected directly to a silica waveguide grating router," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1446-1448 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fish, G. A.

Friebele, E. J.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, "Fiber Grating Sensors," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442-1463 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Han, S.-G.

Y.-O. Noh, C.-H. Lee, J.-M. Kim, W.-Y. Hwang, Y.-H. Won, H.-J. Lee, S.-G. Han, and M.-C. Oh, "Polymer waveguide variable optical attenuator and its reliability," Opt. Commun. 242, 533-540 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M.-C. Oh, H.-J. Lee, M.-H. Lee, J.-H. Ahn, S.-G. Han, and H.-G. Kim, "Tunable wavelength filters with Bragg gratings in polymer waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2543-2545 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hashimoto, N.

K. Takabayashi, K. Takada, N. Hashimoto, M. Doi, S. Tomabechi, T. Nakazawa, and K. Morito, "Widely (132 nm) wavelength tunable laser using a semiconductor optical amplifier and an acousto-optic tunable filter," Electron. Lett. 40, 1187- 1188 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hatanaka, T.

Y. Deki, T. Hatanaka, M. Takahashi, T. Takeuchi, S. Watanabe, S. Takaesu, T. Miyazaki, M. Horie, and H. Yamazaki, "Wide-wavelength tunable lasers with 100 GHz FSR ring resonators," Electron. Lett. 43, 225-226 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Horie, M.

Y. Deki, T. Hatanaka, M. Takahashi, T. Takeuchi, S. Watanabe, S. Takaesu, T. Miyazaki, M. Horie, and H. Yamazaki, "Wide-wavelength tunable lasers with 100 GHz FSR ring resonators," Electron. Lett. 43, 225-226 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, W.-Y.

Y.-O. Noh, C.-H. Lee, J.-M. Kim, W.-Y. Hwang, Y.-H. Won, H.-J. Lee, S.-G. Han, and M.-C. Oh, "Polymer waveguide variable optical attenuator and its reliability," Opt. Commun. 242, 533-540 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Isaksson, M.

M. Chacinski, M. Isaksson, and R. Schatz, "High-speed direct modulation of widely tunable MG-Y laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1157-1159 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jayaraman, V.

V. Jayaraman, A. Mathur, L. A. Coldren, and P. D. Dapkus, "Theory, design, and performance of extended tuning range in sampled grating DBR lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1824-1834 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, G.

G. Jeong, J.-H. Lee, M.-Y. Park, C.-Y. Kim, S.-H. Cho, W. Lee, and B.-W. Kim, "Over 26-nm wavelength tunable external cavity laser based on polymer waveguide platforms for WDM access networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2102-2104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Johansson, L.

Kersey, A. D.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, "Fiber Grating Sensors," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442-1463 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kim, B.-M.

S.-W. Lee, C.-S. Kim, and B.-M. Kim, "External line-cavity wavelength-swept source at 850 nm for optical coherence tomography," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 176-178 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, B.-W.

G. Jeong, J.-H. Lee, M.-Y. Park, C.-Y. Kim, S.-H. Cho, W. Lee, and B.-W. Kim, "Over 26-nm wavelength tunable external cavity laser based on polymer waveguide platforms for WDM access networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2102-2104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kim, C.-S.

S.-W. Lee, C.-S. Kim, and B.-M. Kim, "External line-cavity wavelength-swept source at 850 nm for optical coherence tomography," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 176-178 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, C.-Y.

G. Jeong, J.-H. Lee, M.-Y. Park, C.-Y. Kim, S.-H. Cho, W. Lee, and B.-W. Kim, "Over 26-nm wavelength tunable external cavity laser based on polymer waveguide platforms for WDM access networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2102-2104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kim, D.-H.

D.-H. Kim, W.-J. Chin, S.-S. Lee, S.-W. Ahn, and K.-D. Lee, "Tunable polymeric Bragg grating filter using nanoimprint technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 71120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H.-G.

M.-C. Oh, H.-J. Lee, M.-H. Lee, J.-H. Ahn, S.-G. Han, and H.-G. Kim, "Tunable wavelength filters with Bragg gratings in polymer waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2543-2545 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.-M.

Y.-O. Noh, C.-H. Lee, J.-M. Kim, W.-Y. Hwang, Y.-H. Won, H.-J. Lee, S.-G. Han, and M.-C. Oh, "Polymer waveguide variable optical attenuator and its reliability," Opt. Commun. 242, 533-540 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K. S.

S. H. Oh, D.-H. Lee, K. S. Kim, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, "High-performance 1.55-μm superluminescent diode with butt-coupled spot-size converter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 894-896 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K.-J.

Koo, K. P.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, "Fiber Grating Sensors," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442-1463 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kudo, K.

S. Sudo, K. Mizutani, J. De Merlier, T. Okamoto, K. Tsuruoka, K. Sato, and K. Kudo, "External cavity wavelength tunable laser with on-chip VOA using etched mirror based integration technology," Electron. Lett. 42, 347-349 (2006).
[CrossRef]

LeBlanc, M.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, "Fiber Grating Sensors," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442-1463 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C.-H.

Y.-O. Noh, C.-H. Lee, J.-M. Kim, W.-Y. Hwang, Y.-H. Won, H.-J. Lee, S.-G. Han, and M.-C. Oh, "Polymer waveguide variable optical attenuator and its reliability," Opt. Commun. 242, 533-540 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, D.-H.

S. H. Oh, D.-H. Lee, K. S. Kim, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, "High-performance 1.55-μm superluminescent diode with butt-coupled spot-size converter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 894-896 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H.-J.

Y.-O. Noh, C.-H. Lee, J.-M. Kim, W.-Y. Hwang, Y.-H. Won, H.-J. Lee, S.-G. Han, and M.-C. Oh, "Polymer waveguide variable optical attenuator and its reliability," Opt. Commun. 242, 533-540 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M.-C. Oh, H.-J. Lee, M.-H. Lee, J.-H. Ahn, S.-G. Han, and H.-G. Kim, "Tunable wavelength filters with Bragg gratings in polymer waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2543-2545 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.-H.

G. Jeong, J.-H. Lee, M.-Y. Park, C.-Y. Kim, S.-H. Cho, W. Lee, and B.-W. Kim, "Over 26-nm wavelength tunable external cavity laser based on polymer waveguide platforms for WDM access networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2102-2104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K.-D.

D.-H. Kim, W.-J. Chin, S.-S. Lee, S.-W. Ahn, and K.-D. Lee, "Tunable polymeric Bragg grating filter using nanoimprint technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 71120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, M.-H.

M.-C. Oh, H.-J. Lee, M.-H. Lee, J.-H. Ahn, S.-G. Han, and H.-G. Kim, "Tunable wavelength filters with Bragg gratings in polymer waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2543-2545 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.-S.

D.-H. Kim, W.-J. Chin, S.-S. Lee, S.-W. Ahn, and K.-D. Lee, "Tunable polymeric Bragg grating filter using nanoimprint technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 71120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.-W.

S.-W. Lee, C.-S. Kim, and B.-M. Kim, "External line-cavity wavelength-swept source at 850 nm for optical coherence tomography," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 176-178 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, W.

G. Jeong, J.-H. Lee, M.-Y. Park, C.-Y. Kim, S.-H. Cho, W. Lee, and B.-W. Kim, "Over 26-nm wavelength tunable external cavity laser based on polymer waveguide platforms for WDM access networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2102-2104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mathur, A.

V. Jayaraman, A. Mathur, L. A. Coldren, and P. D. Dapkus, "Theory, design, and performance of extended tuning range in sampled grating DBR lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1824-1834 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Miyazaki, T.

Y. Deki, T. Hatanaka, M. Takahashi, T. Takeuchi, S. Watanabe, S. Takaesu, T. Miyazaki, M. Horie, and H. Yamazaki, "Wide-wavelength tunable lasers with 100 GHz FSR ring resonators," Electron. Lett. 43, 225-226 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mizutani, K.

S. Sudo, K. Mizutani, J. De Merlier, T. Okamoto, K. Tsuruoka, K. Sato, and K. Kudo, "External cavity wavelength tunable laser with on-chip VOA using etched mirror based integration technology," Electron. Lett. 42, 347-349 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Morito, K.

K. Takabayashi, K. Takada, N. Hashimoto, M. Doi, S. Tomabechi, T. Nakazawa, and K. Morito, "Widely (132 nm) wavelength tunable laser using a semiconductor optical amplifier and an acousto-optic tunable filter," Electron. Lett. 40, 1187- 1188 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nakazawa, T.

K. Takabayashi, K. Takada, N. Hashimoto, M. Doi, S. Tomabechi, T. Nakazawa, and K. Morito, "Widely (132 nm) wavelength tunable laser using a semiconductor optical amplifier and an acousto-optic tunable filter," Electron. Lett. 40, 1187- 1188 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Noh, Y.-O.

Y.-O. Noh, C.-H. Lee, J.-M. Kim, W.-Y. Hwang, Y.-H. Won, H.-J. Lee, S.-G. Han, and M.-C. Oh, "Polymer waveguide variable optical attenuator and its reliability," Opt. Commun. 242, 533-540 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Oh, K.-R.

S. H. Oh, D.-H. Lee, K. S. Kim, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, "High-performance 1.55-μm superluminescent diode with butt-coupled spot-size converter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 894-896 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Oh, M.-C.

K.-J. Kim, J.-K. Seo, and M.-C. Oh, "Strain induced tunable wavelength filters based on flexible polymer waveguide Bragg reflector," Opt. Express 16, 1423-1430 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.-O. Noh, C.-H. Lee, J.-M. Kim, W.-Y. Hwang, Y.-H. Won, H.-J. Lee, S.-G. Han, and M.-C. Oh, "Polymer waveguide variable optical attenuator and its reliability," Opt. Commun. 242, 533-540 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M.-C. Oh, H.-J. Lee, M.-H. Lee, J.-H. Ahn, S.-G. Han, and H.-G. Kim, "Tunable wavelength filters with Bragg gratings in polymer waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2543-2545 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Oh, S. H.

S. H. Oh, D.-H. Lee, K. S. Kim, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, "High-performance 1.55-μm superluminescent diode with butt-coupled spot-size converter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 894-896 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, T.

S. Sudo, K. Mizutani, J. De Merlier, T. Okamoto, K. Tsuruoka, K. Sato, and K. Kudo, "External cavity wavelength tunable laser with on-chip VOA using etched mirror based integration technology," Electron. Lett. 42, 347-349 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pafcheck, R.

C. R. Doerr, L. W. Stulz, R. Pafcheck, K. Dreyer, and L. Zhang, "Potentially low-cost tunable laser consisting of a semiconductor optical amplifirer connected directly to a silica waveguide grating router," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1446-1448 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Park, M.-Y.

G. Jeong, J.-H. Lee, M.-Y. Park, C.-Y. Kim, S.-H. Cho, W. Lee, and B.-W. Kim, "Over 26-nm wavelength tunable external cavity laser based on polymer waveguide platforms for WDM access networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2102-2104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Patrick, H. J.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, "Fiber Grating Sensors," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442-1463 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Putnam, M. A.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, "Fiber Grating Sensors," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442-1463 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sato, K.

S. Sudo, K. Mizutani, J. De Merlier, T. Okamoto, K. Tsuruoka, K. Sato, and K. Kudo, "External cavity wavelength tunable laser with on-chip VOA using etched mirror based integration technology," Electron. Lett. 42, 347-349 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schatz, R.

M. Chacinski, M. Isaksson, and R. Schatz, "High-speed direct modulation of widely tunable MG-Y laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1157-1159 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Seo, J.-K.

Stulz, L. W.

C. R. Doerr, L. W. Stulz, R. Pafcheck, K. Dreyer, and L. Zhang, "Potentially low-cost tunable laser consisting of a semiconductor optical amplifirer connected directly to a silica waveguide grating router," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1446-1448 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sudo, S.

S. Sudo, K. Mizutani, J. De Merlier, T. Okamoto, K. Tsuruoka, K. Sato, and K. Kudo, "External cavity wavelength tunable laser with on-chip VOA using etched mirror based integration technology," Electron. Lett. 42, 347-349 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Takabayashi, K.

K. Takabayashi, K. Takada, N. Hashimoto, M. Doi, S. Tomabechi, T. Nakazawa, and K. Morito, "Widely (132 nm) wavelength tunable laser using a semiconductor optical amplifier and an acousto-optic tunable filter," Electron. Lett. 40, 1187- 1188 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Takada, K.

K. Takabayashi, K. Takada, N. Hashimoto, M. Doi, S. Tomabechi, T. Nakazawa, and K. Morito, "Widely (132 nm) wavelength tunable laser using a semiconductor optical amplifier and an acousto-optic tunable filter," Electron. Lett. 40, 1187- 1188 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Takaesu, S.

Y. Deki, T. Hatanaka, M. Takahashi, T. Takeuchi, S. Watanabe, S. Takaesu, T. Miyazaki, M. Horie, and H. Yamazaki, "Wide-wavelength tunable lasers with 100 GHz FSR ring resonators," Electron. Lett. 43, 225-226 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, M.

Y. Deki, T. Hatanaka, M. Takahashi, T. Takeuchi, S. Watanabe, S. Takaesu, T. Miyazaki, M. Horie, and H. Yamazaki, "Wide-wavelength tunable lasers with 100 GHz FSR ring resonators," Electron. Lett. 43, 225-226 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Takeuchi, T.

Y. Deki, T. Hatanaka, M. Takahashi, T. Takeuchi, S. Watanabe, S. Takaesu, T. Miyazaki, M. Horie, and H. Yamazaki, "Wide-wavelength tunable lasers with 100 GHz FSR ring resonators," Electron. Lett. 43, 225-226 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tomabechi, S.

K. Takabayashi, K. Takada, N. Hashimoto, M. Doi, S. Tomabechi, T. Nakazawa, and K. Morito, "Widely (132 nm) wavelength tunable laser using a semiconductor optical amplifier and an acousto-optic tunable filter," Electron. Lett. 40, 1187- 1188 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tsuruoka, K.

S. Sudo, K. Mizutani, J. De Merlier, T. Okamoto, K. Tsuruoka, K. Sato, and K. Kudo, "External cavity wavelength tunable laser with on-chip VOA using etched mirror based integration technology," Electron. Lett. 42, 347-349 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, S.

Y. Deki, T. Hatanaka, M. Takahashi, T. Takeuchi, S. Watanabe, S. Takaesu, T. Miyazaki, M. Horie, and H. Yamazaki, "Wide-wavelength tunable lasers with 100 GHz FSR ring resonators," Electron. Lett. 43, 225-226 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Won, Y.-H.

Y.-O. Noh, C.-H. Lee, J.-M. Kim, W.-Y. Hwang, Y.-H. Won, H.-J. Lee, S.-G. Han, and M.-C. Oh, "Polymer waveguide variable optical attenuator and its reliability," Opt. Commun. 242, 533-540 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yamazaki, H.

Y. Deki, T. Hatanaka, M. Takahashi, T. Takeuchi, S. Watanabe, S. Takaesu, T. Miyazaki, M. Horie, and H. Yamazaki, "Wide-wavelength tunable lasers with 100 GHz FSR ring resonators," Electron. Lett. 43, 225-226 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

C. R. Doerr, L. W. Stulz, R. Pafcheck, K. Dreyer, and L. Zhang, "Potentially low-cost tunable laser consisting of a semiconductor optical amplifirer connected directly to a silica waveguide grating router," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1446-1448 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

M.-C. Oh, H.-J. Lee, M.-H. Lee, J.-H. Ahn, S.-G. Han, and H.-G. Kim, "Tunable wavelength filters with Bragg gratings in polymer waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2543-2545 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D.-H. Kim, W.-J. Chin, S.-S. Lee, S.-W. Ahn, and K.-D. Lee, "Tunable polymeric Bragg grating filter using nanoimprint technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 71120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (3)

K. Takabayashi, K. Takada, N. Hashimoto, M. Doi, S. Tomabechi, T. Nakazawa, and K. Morito, "Widely (132 nm) wavelength tunable laser using a semiconductor optical amplifier and an acousto-optic tunable filter," Electron. Lett. 40, 1187- 1188 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Deki, T. Hatanaka, M. Takahashi, T. Takeuchi, S. Watanabe, S. Takaesu, T. Miyazaki, M. Horie, and H. Yamazaki, "Wide-wavelength tunable lasers with 100 GHz FSR ring resonators," Electron. Lett. 43, 225-226 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Sudo, K. Mizutani, J. De Merlier, T. Okamoto, K. Tsuruoka, K. Sato, and K. Kudo, "External cavity wavelength tunable laser with on-chip VOA using etched mirror based integration technology," Electron. Lett. 42, 347-349 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

V. Jayaraman, A. Mathur, L. A. Coldren, and P. D. Dapkus, "Theory, design, and performance of extended tuning range in sampled grating DBR lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1824-1834 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

G. Jeong, J.-H. Lee, M.-Y. Park, C.-Y. Kim, S.-H. Cho, W. Lee, and B.-W. Kim, "Over 26-nm wavelength tunable external cavity laser based on polymer waveguide platforms for WDM access networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2102-2104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Oh, D.-H. Lee, K. S. Kim, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, "High-performance 1.55-μm superluminescent diode with butt-coupled spot-size converter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 894-896 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S.-W. Lee, C.-S. Kim, and B.-M. Kim, "External line-cavity wavelength-swept source at 850 nm for optical coherence tomography," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 176-178 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Chacinski, M. Isaksson, and R. Schatz, "High-speed direct modulation of widely tunable MG-Y laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1157-1159 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Doerr, L. W. Stulz, R. Pafcheck, K. Dreyer, and L. Zhang, "Potentially low-cost tunable laser consisting of a semiconductor optical amplifirer connected directly to a silica waveguide grating router," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1446-1448 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

L. A. Coldren, G. A. Fish, Y. Akulova, J. S. Barton, L. Johansson, and C. W. Coldren, "Tunable Semiconductor Lasers: A Tutorial," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 193-202 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, "Fiber Grating Sensors," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442-1463 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

Y.-O. Noh, C.-H. Lee, J.-M. Kim, W.-Y. Hwang, Y.-H. Won, H.-J. Lee, S.-G. Han, and M.-C. Oh, "Polymer waveguide variable optical attenuator and its reliability," Opt. Commun. 242, 533-540 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

A schematic diagram of the proposed hybrid packaged tunable laser consisting of a SLD, an aspheric microlens, and a polymeric tunable Bragg reflector.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

The optical properties of LFR polymers: (a) propagation loss measured by a liquid immersion prism coupling technique from a planar waveguide consisting of two layers of LFR polymers, and (b) thermo-optic property of the LFR polymer measured for both TE and TM polarizations. The inset shows the basic chemical structure of the LFR polymer.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The reflectivity of a 2-mm long polymer waveguide Bragg reflector calculated as a function of the grating etching depth for various waveguide contrasts.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

The schematic fabrication procedure of the polymer waveguide Bragg reflector.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

The reflection and transmission spectra of the polymer waveguide Bragg reflector.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

The lasing behavior of a polymer waveguide tunable laser given by a L-I curve measured for different operating temperatures with no TEC control. The slope efficiency of the laser at 25 °C was 0.105 W/A.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

The wavelength tuning characteristics of the polymer Bragg grating tunable laser: (a) wide tuning for 32 channels from 1557.8 nm to 1582.6 nm with a 0.8 nm wavelength step, and (b) continuous tuning for a narrow tuning range with a wavelength step of 0.1 nm.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Wavelength stability of the polymer grating tunable laser for an operating temperature ranging from -10 to 70 °C. The temperature of both the gain chip and the polymer device was maintained by the respective TECs, and then the total output wavelength variation was within 0.15 nm.

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