Abstract

An imaging instrument based on spatially resolved spectroscopy that enables temporal and spatial analyses of muscle oxygenation was designed. The instrument is portable and can be connected to 32 compact and separate-type optical probes. Its measurement accuracy of O2 saturation and hemoglobin concentration was evaluated using a tissue-equivalent phantom. Imaging and multi-point measurements of tissue oxygen saturation (StO2) in the quadriceps muscle were also performed, and dynamic changes in StO2 in response to increase in exercise intensity (within the rectus femoris region) and variation in exercise protocol (among the rectus femoris, vastus lateralis and vastus medialis) were clearly shown.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (4)

T. Hamaoka, K. K. McCully, V. Quaresima, K. Yamamoto, and B. Chance, "Near-infrared spectroscopy/ imaging for monitoring muscle oxygenation and oxidative metabolism in healthy and diseased humans," J. Biomed. Opt. 12, 062105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Wolf, M. Ferrari, and V. Quaresima, "Progress of near-infrared spectroscopy and topography for brain and muscle clinical applications," J. Biomed. Opt. 12, 062104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q2. M. Niwayama, S. Sone, H. Murata, H. Yoshida, and S. Shinohara, "Errors in muscle oxygenation measurement using spatially resolved NIRS and its correction," J. Jpn. Coll. Angiol. 47, 17-20 (2007) (in Japanese).

Y. Yang, O. O. Soyemi, P. J. Scott, M. R. Landry, S. M. C. Lee, L. Stroud, and B. R. Soller, "Quantitative measurement of muscle oxygen saturation without influence from skin and fat using continuous-wave near infrared spectroscopy," Opt. Express 15, 13715-13730 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

V. Quaresima, M. Ferrari, A. Torricelli, L. Spinelli, A. Pifferi, and R. Cubeddu, "Bilateral prefrontal cortex oxygenation responses to a verbal fluency task: a multichannel time-resolved near-infrared topography study," J. Biomed. Opt. 10, 11012 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. De Blasi, S. Palmisani, D. Alampi, M. Mercieri, R. Romano, S. Collini, and G. Pinto, "Microvascular dysfunction and skeletal muscle oxygenation assessed by phase-modulation near-infrared spectroscopy in patients with septic shock," Intensive Care Med. 31, 1661-1668 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (3)

J. H. Choi, M. Wolf, V. Toronov, U. Wolf, C. Polzonetti, D. Hueber, L. P. Safonova, R. Gupta, A. Michalos, W. Mantulin, and E. Gratton, "Noninvasive determination of the optical properties of adult brain: near-infrared spectroscopy approach," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 221-229 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Torricelli, V. Quaresima, A. Pifferi, G. Biscotti, L. Spinelli, P. Taroni, M. Ferrari, and R. Cubeddu, "Mapping of calf muscle oxygenation and haemoglobin content during dynamic plantar flexion exercise by multi-channel time-resolved near-infrared spectroscopy," Phys. Med. Biol. 49, 685-699 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Miura, K. McCully, S. Nioka, and B. Chance, "Relationship between muscle architectural features and oxygenation status determined by near infrared device," Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 91, 273-278 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (4)

U. Wolf, M. Wolf, J. H. Choi, M. Levi, D. Choudhury, S. Hull, D. Coussirat, L. A. Paunescu, L. P. Safonova, A. Michalos, W. W. Mantulin, and E. Gratton, "Localized irregularities in hemoglobin flow and oxygenation in calf muscle in patients with peripheral vascular disease detected with near-infrared spectrophotometry," J. Vasc. Surg. 37, 1017-1026 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Q. Zhang, G. Z. Wang, G. W. Nuber, J. M. Press, and J. L. Koh, "In vivo load sharing among the quadriceps components," J. Orthop. Res. 21, 565-571 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Hamaoka, T. Katsumura, N. Murase, T. Sako, H. Higuchi, M. Murakami, K. Esaki, R. Kime, T. Homma, A. Sugeta, Y. Kurosawa, T. Shimomitsu, and B. Chance, "Muscle oxygen consumption at onset of exercise by near infrared spectroscopy in humans," Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 530, 475-483 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Grosenick, K. T. Moesta, H. Wabnitz, J. Mucke, C. Stroszczynski, R. Macdonald, P. M. Schlag, and H. Rinneberg, "Time-domain optical mammography: initial clinical results on detection and characterization of breast tumors," Appl. Opt. 42, 3170-3186 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

M. Niwayama, K. Yamamoto, D. Kohata, K. Hirai, N. Kudo, T. Hamaoka, R. Kime, and T. Katsumura, "A 200-channel imaging system of muscle oxygenation using CW near-infrared spectroscopy," IEICE Trans.E 85-D(1), 115-123 (2002).

2001 (3)

V. Quaresima, W. N. Colier, M. van der Sluijs, and M. Ferrari, "Nonuniform quadriceps O2 consumption revealed by near infrared multipoint measurements," Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 285, 1034-1039 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Shao, L. Lin, M. Niwayama, N. Kudo, and K. Yamamoto, "Theoretical and experimental studies on linear and nonlinear algorithms for the measurement of muscle oxygenation using continuous-wave near-infrared spectroscopy," Opt. Eng. 40, 2293-2301 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Boushel, H. Langberg, J. Olesen, J. Gonzales-Alonzo, J. Bulow, and M. Kjaer, "Monitoring tissue oxygen availability with near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in health and disease," Scand. J. Med. Sci. Sports 11, 213-222 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (5)

M. A. Franceschini, V. Toronov, M. E. Filiaci, E. Gratton, and S. Fantini, "On-line optical imaging of the human brain with 160-ms temporal resolution," Opt. Express 6, 49-57 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Azuma, S. Homma, and A. Kagaya, "Oxygen supply-consumption balance in the thigh muscles during exhausting knee-extension exercise," J. Biomed. Opt. 5, 97-101 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Niwayama, L. Lin, J. Shao, N. Kudo, and K. Yamamoto, "Quantitative measurement of muscle hemoglobin oxygenation using near-infrared spectroscopy with correction for the influence of a subcutaneous fat layer," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 4571-4575 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Takahashi, S. Ogata, Y. Atsumi, R. Yamamoto, S. Shiotsuka, A. Maki, Y. Yamashita, T. Yamamoto, H. Koizumi, H. Hirasawa, and M. Igawa, "Activation of the visual cortex imaged by 24-channel near-infrared spectroscopy," J. Biomed. Opt. 5, 93-96 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Hamaoka, T. Katsumura, N. Murase, S. Nishio, T. Sako, H. Higuchi, Y. Kurosawa, T. Shimomitsu, M. Miwa, and B. Chance, "Quantification of ischemic muscle deoxygenation by near infrared time-resolved spectroscopy," J. Biomed. Opt. 5, 102-105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (2)

Q1. M. Shinohara, M. Kouzaki, T. Yoshihisa, S. Kuno, and T. Fukunaga, "Non-uniformity of muscle oxygenation in the quadriceps muscle during incremental knee extension," Adv. Exerc. Sports Physiol. 5, 79-87 (1999).

T. K. Tran, N. Sailasuta, U. Kreutzer, R. Hurd, Y. Chung, P. Mole, S. Kuno, and T. Jue, "Comparative analysis of NMR and NIRS measurements of intracellular PO2 in human skeletal muscle," Am. J. Physiol. 276, R1682-R1690 (1999).
[PubMed]

1997 (2)

S. Nioka, Q. Luo, and B. Chance, "Human brain functional imaging with reflectance CWS," Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 428, 237-242 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Franceschini, K. T. Moesta, S. Fantini, G. Gaida, E. Gratton, H. Jess, W. W. Mantulin, M. Seeber, P. M. Schlag, and M. Kaschke, "Frequency-domain techniques enhance optical mammography: Initial clinical results," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94, 6468-6473 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (6)

M. Firbank, M. Oda, and D. T. Delpy, "An improved design for a stable and reproducible phantom material for use in near-infrared spectroscopy and imaging," Phys. Med. Biol. 40, 955-961 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Maki, Y. Yamashita, Y. Ito, E. Watanabe, Y. Mayanagi, and H. Koizumi, "Spatial and temporal analysis of human motor activity using noninvasive NIR topography," Med. Phys. 22, 1997-2005 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Dujovny, J. I. Ausman, H. Stoddart, K. V. Slavin, G. D. Lewis, and R. Widman, "Somanetics INVOS-3100 cerebral oximeter," Neurosurgery 34, 935-936 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. Fantini, M. A. Franceschini, J. S. Maier, S. A. Walker, B. Barbieri, and E. Gratton, "Frequency domain multichannel optical detector for non-invasive tissue spectroscopy and oxymetry," Opt. Eng. 34, 32-42 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Matcher, C. E. Elwell, C. E. Cooper, M. Cope, and D. T. Delpy, "Performance comparison of several published tissue near-infrared spectroscopy algorithms," Anal. Biochem. 227, 54-68 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. J. Matcher, P. Kirkpatrick, K. Nahid, M. Cope and D. T. Delpy, "Absolute quantification methods in tissue near infrared spectroscopy," in Optical Tomography, Photon Migration, and Spectroscopy of Tissue and Model Media: Theory, Human Studies, and Instrumentation, B. Chance, R. R. Alfano eds., Proc. SPIE 2389, 486-495 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (3)

D. M. Mancini, L. Bolinger, H. Li, K. Kendrick, B. Chance, and J. R. Wilson, "Validation of near-infrared spectroscopy in humans," J. Appl. Physiol. 77, 2740-2747 (1994).
[PubMed]

M. Maris, E. Gratton, J. Maier, W. Mantulin, and B. Chance, "Functional near-infrared imaging of deoxygenation hemoglobin during exercise of the finger extensor muscles using the frequency-domain technique," Bioimaging 2, 174-183 (1994).
[CrossRef]

G. Mitic, J. Kolzer, J. Otto, E. Plies, G. Solkner, and W. Zinth, "Time-gated transillumination of biological tissues and tissuelike phantoms," Appl. Opt. 33, 6699-6710 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (3)

B. Chance, M. T. Dait, C. Zhang, T. Hamaoka, and F. Hagerman, "Recovery from exercise-induced desaturation in the quadriceps muscles of elite competitive rowers," Am. J. Physiol. 262, C766-C775 (1992).
[PubMed]

M. V. Narici, L. Landoni, and A. E. Minetti, "Assessment of human knee extensor muscles stress from in vivo physiological cross-sectional area and strength measurements," Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. Occup. Physiol. 65, 438-444 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. J. Farrell, M. S. Patterson, and B. Wilson, "A diffusion theory model of spatially resolved, steady-state diffuse reflectance for the noninvasive determination of tissue optical properties in vivo," Med. Phys. 19, 879-888 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

1988 (1)

A. Seiyama, O. Hazeki, and M. Tamura, "Noninvasive quantitative analysis of blood oxygenation in rat skeletal muscle," J. Biochem. 103, 419-424 (1988).
[PubMed]

1981 (1)

S. Wan, R. R. Anderson, and J. A. Parrish, "Analytical modeling for the optical properties of the skin with in vitro and in vivo applications," Photochem. Photobiol. 34, 493-499 (1981).
[PubMed]

1976 (1)

A. Thorstensson, G. Grimby, and J. Karlsson, "Force-velocity relations and fiber composition in human knee extensor muscles," J. Appl. Physiol. 40, 12-16 (1976).
[PubMed]

1949 (1)

W. J. Bowen, "The absorption spectra and extinction coefficients of myoglobin," J. Biol. Chem. 179, 235-245 (1949).
[PubMed]

Alampi, D.

R. A. De Blasi, S. Palmisani, D. Alampi, M. Mercieri, R. Romano, S. Collini, and G. Pinto, "Microvascular dysfunction and skeletal muscle oxygenation assessed by phase-modulation near-infrared spectroscopy in patients with septic shock," Intensive Care Med. 31, 1661-1668 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anderson, R. R.

S. Wan, R. R. Anderson, and J. A. Parrish, "Analytical modeling for the optical properties of the skin with in vitro and in vivo applications," Photochem. Photobiol. 34, 493-499 (1981).
[PubMed]

Atsumi, Y.

K. Takahashi, S. Ogata, Y. Atsumi, R. Yamamoto, S. Shiotsuka, A. Maki, Y. Yamashita, T. Yamamoto, H. Koizumi, H. Hirasawa, and M. Igawa, "Activation of the visual cortex imaged by 24-channel near-infrared spectroscopy," J. Biomed. Opt. 5, 93-96 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ausman, J. I.

M. Dujovny, J. I. Ausman, H. Stoddart, K. V. Slavin, G. D. Lewis, and R. Widman, "Somanetics INVOS-3100 cerebral oximeter," Neurosurgery 34, 935-936 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Azuma, K.

K. Azuma, S. Homma, and A. Kagaya, "Oxygen supply-consumption balance in the thigh muscles during exhausting knee-extension exercise," J. Biomed. Opt. 5, 97-101 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barbieri, B.

S. Fantini, M. A. Franceschini, J. S. Maier, S. A. Walker, B. Barbieri, and E. Gratton, "Frequency domain multichannel optical detector for non-invasive tissue spectroscopy and oxymetry," Opt. Eng. 34, 32-42 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Biscotti, G.

A. Torricelli, V. Quaresima, A. Pifferi, G. Biscotti, L. Spinelli, P. Taroni, M. Ferrari, and R. Cubeddu, "Mapping of calf muscle oxygenation and haemoglobin content during dynamic plantar flexion exercise by multi-channel time-resolved near-infrared spectroscopy," Phys. Med. Biol. 49, 685-699 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bolinger, L.

D. M. Mancini, L. Bolinger, H. Li, K. Kendrick, B. Chance, and J. R. Wilson, "Validation of near-infrared spectroscopy in humans," J. Appl. Physiol. 77, 2740-2747 (1994).
[PubMed]

Boushel, R.

R. Boushel, H. Langberg, J. Olesen, J. Gonzales-Alonzo, J. Bulow, and M. Kjaer, "Monitoring tissue oxygen availability with near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in health and disease," Scand. J. Med. Sci. Sports 11, 213-222 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bowen, W. J.

W. J. Bowen, "The absorption spectra and extinction coefficients of myoglobin," J. Biol. Chem. 179, 235-245 (1949).
[PubMed]

Bulow, J.

R. Boushel, H. Langberg, J. Olesen, J. Gonzales-Alonzo, J. Bulow, and M. Kjaer, "Monitoring tissue oxygen availability with near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in health and disease," Scand. J. Med. Sci. Sports 11, 213-222 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chance, B.

T. Hamaoka, K. K. McCully, V. Quaresima, K. Yamamoto, and B. Chance, "Near-infrared spectroscopy/ imaging for monitoring muscle oxygenation and oxidative metabolism in healthy and diseased humans," J. Biomed. Opt. 12, 062105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Miura, K. McCully, S. Nioka, and B. Chance, "Relationship between muscle architectural features and oxygenation status determined by near infrared device," Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 91, 273-278 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Hamaoka, T. Katsumura, N. Murase, T. Sako, H. Higuchi, M. Murakami, K. Esaki, R. Kime, T. Homma, A. Sugeta, Y. Kurosawa, T. Shimomitsu, and B. Chance, "Muscle oxygen consumption at onset of exercise by near infrared spectroscopy in humans," Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 530, 475-483 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Hamaoka, T. Katsumura, N. Murase, S. Nishio, T. Sako, H. Higuchi, Y. Kurosawa, T. Shimomitsu, M. Miwa, and B. Chance, "Quantification of ischemic muscle deoxygenation by near infrared time-resolved spectroscopy," J. Biomed. Opt. 5, 102-105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Nioka, Q. Luo, and B. Chance, "Human brain functional imaging with reflectance CWS," Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 428, 237-242 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. M. Mancini, L. Bolinger, H. Li, K. Kendrick, B. Chance, and J. R. Wilson, "Validation of near-infrared spectroscopy in humans," J. Appl. Physiol. 77, 2740-2747 (1994).
[PubMed]

M. Maris, E. Gratton, J. Maier, W. Mantulin, and B. Chance, "Functional near-infrared imaging of deoxygenation hemoglobin during exercise of the finger extensor muscles using the frequency-domain technique," Bioimaging 2, 174-183 (1994).
[CrossRef]

B. Chance, M. T. Dait, C. Zhang, T. Hamaoka, and F. Hagerman, "Recovery from exercise-induced desaturation in the quadriceps muscles of elite competitive rowers," Am. J. Physiol. 262, C766-C775 (1992).
[PubMed]

Choi, J. H.

J. H. Choi, M. Wolf, V. Toronov, U. Wolf, C. Polzonetti, D. Hueber, L. P. Safonova, R. Gupta, A. Michalos, W. Mantulin, and E. Gratton, "Noninvasive determination of the optical properties of adult brain: near-infrared spectroscopy approach," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 221-229 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Wolf, M. Wolf, J. H. Choi, M. Levi, D. Choudhury, S. Hull, D. Coussirat, L. A. Paunescu, L. P. Safonova, A. Michalos, W. W. Mantulin, and E. Gratton, "Localized irregularities in hemoglobin flow and oxygenation in calf muscle in patients with peripheral vascular disease detected with near-infrared spectrophotometry," J. Vasc. Surg. 37, 1017-1026 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Choudhury, D.

U. Wolf, M. Wolf, J. H. Choi, M. Levi, D. Choudhury, S. Hull, D. Coussirat, L. A. Paunescu, L. P. Safonova, A. Michalos, W. W. Mantulin, and E. Gratton, "Localized irregularities in hemoglobin flow and oxygenation in calf muscle in patients with peripheral vascular disease detected with near-infrared spectrophotometry," J. Vasc. Surg. 37, 1017-1026 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chung, Y.

T. K. Tran, N. Sailasuta, U. Kreutzer, R. Hurd, Y. Chung, P. Mole, S. Kuno, and T. Jue, "Comparative analysis of NMR and NIRS measurements of intracellular PO2 in human skeletal muscle," Am. J. Physiol. 276, R1682-R1690 (1999).
[PubMed]

Colier, W. N.

V. Quaresima, W. N. Colier, M. van der Sluijs, and M. Ferrari, "Nonuniform quadriceps O2 consumption revealed by near infrared multipoint measurements," Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 285, 1034-1039 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Collini, S.

R. A. De Blasi, S. Palmisani, D. Alampi, M. Mercieri, R. Romano, S. Collini, and G. Pinto, "Microvascular dysfunction and skeletal muscle oxygenation assessed by phase-modulation near-infrared spectroscopy in patients with septic shock," Intensive Care Med. 31, 1661-1668 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cooper, C. E.

S. J. Matcher, C. E. Elwell, C. E. Cooper, M. Cope, and D. T. Delpy, "Performance comparison of several published tissue near-infrared spectroscopy algorithms," Anal. Biochem. 227, 54-68 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cope, M.

S. J. Matcher, C. E. Elwell, C. E. Cooper, M. Cope, and D. T. Delpy, "Performance comparison of several published tissue near-infrared spectroscopy algorithms," Anal. Biochem. 227, 54-68 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. J. Matcher, P. Kirkpatrick, K. Nahid, M. Cope and D. T. Delpy, "Absolute quantification methods in tissue near infrared spectroscopy," in Optical Tomography, Photon Migration, and Spectroscopy of Tissue and Model Media: Theory, Human Studies, and Instrumentation, B. Chance, R. R. Alfano eds., Proc. SPIE 2389, 486-495 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Coussirat, D.

U. Wolf, M. Wolf, J. H. Choi, M. Levi, D. Choudhury, S. Hull, D. Coussirat, L. A. Paunescu, L. P. Safonova, A. Michalos, W. W. Mantulin, and E. Gratton, "Localized irregularities in hemoglobin flow and oxygenation in calf muscle in patients with peripheral vascular disease detected with near-infrared spectrophotometry," J. Vasc. Surg. 37, 1017-1026 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cubeddu, R.

V. Quaresima, M. Ferrari, A. Torricelli, L. Spinelli, A. Pifferi, and R. Cubeddu, "Bilateral prefrontal cortex oxygenation responses to a verbal fluency task: a multichannel time-resolved near-infrared topography study," J. Biomed. Opt. 10, 11012 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Torricelli, V. Quaresima, A. Pifferi, G. Biscotti, L. Spinelli, P. Taroni, M. Ferrari, and R. Cubeddu, "Mapping of calf muscle oxygenation and haemoglobin content during dynamic plantar flexion exercise by multi-channel time-resolved near-infrared spectroscopy," Phys. Med. Biol. 49, 685-699 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dait, M. T.

B. Chance, M. T. Dait, C. Zhang, T. Hamaoka, and F. Hagerman, "Recovery from exercise-induced desaturation in the quadriceps muscles of elite competitive rowers," Am. J. Physiol. 262, C766-C775 (1992).
[PubMed]

De Blasi, R. A.

R. A. De Blasi, S. Palmisani, D. Alampi, M. Mercieri, R. Romano, S. Collini, and G. Pinto, "Microvascular dysfunction and skeletal muscle oxygenation assessed by phase-modulation near-infrared spectroscopy in patients with septic shock," Intensive Care Med. 31, 1661-1668 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Delpy, D. T.

S. J. Matcher, C. E. Elwell, C. E. Cooper, M. Cope, and D. T. Delpy, "Performance comparison of several published tissue near-infrared spectroscopy algorithms," Anal. Biochem. 227, 54-68 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. J. Matcher, P. Kirkpatrick, K. Nahid, M. Cope and D. T. Delpy, "Absolute quantification methods in tissue near infrared spectroscopy," in Optical Tomography, Photon Migration, and Spectroscopy of Tissue and Model Media: Theory, Human Studies, and Instrumentation, B. Chance, R. R. Alfano eds., Proc. SPIE 2389, 486-495 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Firbank, M. Oda, and D. T. Delpy, "An improved design for a stable and reproducible phantom material for use in near-infrared spectroscopy and imaging," Phys. Med. Biol. 40, 955-961 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dujovny, M.

M. Dujovny, J. I. Ausman, H. Stoddart, K. V. Slavin, G. D. Lewis, and R. Widman, "Somanetics INVOS-3100 cerebral oximeter," Neurosurgery 34, 935-936 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Elwell, C. E.

S. J. Matcher, C. E. Elwell, C. E. Cooper, M. Cope, and D. T. Delpy, "Performance comparison of several published tissue near-infrared spectroscopy algorithms," Anal. Biochem. 227, 54-68 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Esaki, K.

T. Hamaoka, T. Katsumura, N. Murase, T. Sako, H. Higuchi, M. Murakami, K. Esaki, R. Kime, T. Homma, A. Sugeta, Y. Kurosawa, T. Shimomitsu, and B. Chance, "Muscle oxygen consumption at onset of exercise by near infrared spectroscopy in humans," Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 530, 475-483 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fantini, S.

M. A. Franceschini, V. Toronov, M. E. Filiaci, E. Gratton, and S. Fantini, "On-line optical imaging of the human brain with 160-ms temporal resolution," Opt. Express 6, 49-57 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Franceschini, K. T. Moesta, S. Fantini, G. Gaida, E. Gratton, H. Jess, W. W. Mantulin, M. Seeber, P. M. Schlag, and M. Kaschke, "Frequency-domain techniques enhance optical mammography: Initial clinical results," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94, 6468-6473 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Fantini, M. A. Franceschini, J. S. Maier, S. A. Walker, B. Barbieri, and E. Gratton, "Frequency domain multichannel optical detector for non-invasive tissue spectroscopy and oxymetry," Opt. Eng. 34, 32-42 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Farrell, T. J.

T. J. Farrell, M. S. Patterson, and B. Wilson, "A diffusion theory model of spatially resolved, steady-state diffuse reflectance for the noninvasive determination of tissue optical properties in vivo," Med. Phys. 19, 879-888 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ferrari, M.

M. Wolf, M. Ferrari, and V. Quaresima, "Progress of near-infrared spectroscopy and topography for brain and muscle clinical applications," J. Biomed. Opt. 12, 062104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Quaresima, M. Ferrari, A. Torricelli, L. Spinelli, A. Pifferi, and R. Cubeddu, "Bilateral prefrontal cortex oxygenation responses to a verbal fluency task: a multichannel time-resolved near-infrared topography study," J. Biomed. Opt. 10, 11012 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Torricelli, V. Quaresima, A. Pifferi, G. Biscotti, L. Spinelli, P. Taroni, M. Ferrari, and R. Cubeddu, "Mapping of calf muscle oxygenation and haemoglobin content during dynamic plantar flexion exercise by multi-channel time-resolved near-infrared spectroscopy," Phys. Med. Biol. 49, 685-699 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Quaresima, W. N. Colier, M. van der Sluijs, and M. Ferrari, "Nonuniform quadriceps O2 consumption revealed by near infrared multipoint measurements," Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 285, 1034-1039 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Filiaci, M. E.

Firbank, M.

M. Firbank, M. Oda, and D. T. Delpy, "An improved design for a stable and reproducible phantom material for use in near-infrared spectroscopy and imaging," Phys. Med. Biol. 40, 955-961 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Franceschini, M. A.

M. A. Franceschini, V. Toronov, M. E. Filiaci, E. Gratton, and S. Fantini, "On-line optical imaging of the human brain with 160-ms temporal resolution," Opt. Express 6, 49-57 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Franceschini, K. T. Moesta, S. Fantini, G. Gaida, E. Gratton, H. Jess, W. W. Mantulin, M. Seeber, P. M. Schlag, and M. Kaschke, "Frequency-domain techniques enhance optical mammography: Initial clinical results," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94, 6468-6473 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Fantini, M. A. Franceschini, J. S. Maier, S. A. Walker, B. Barbieri, and E. Gratton, "Frequency domain multichannel optical detector for non-invasive tissue spectroscopy and oxymetry," Opt. Eng. 34, 32-42 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fukunaga, T.

Q1. M. Shinohara, M. Kouzaki, T. Yoshihisa, S. Kuno, and T. Fukunaga, "Non-uniformity of muscle oxygenation in the quadriceps muscle during incremental knee extension," Adv. Exerc. Sports Physiol. 5, 79-87 (1999).

Gaida, G.

M. A. Franceschini, K. T. Moesta, S. Fantini, G. Gaida, E. Gratton, H. Jess, W. W. Mantulin, M. Seeber, P. M. Schlag, and M. Kaschke, "Frequency-domain techniques enhance optical mammography: Initial clinical results," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94, 6468-6473 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gonzales-Alonzo, J.

R. Boushel, H. Langberg, J. Olesen, J. Gonzales-Alonzo, J. Bulow, and M. Kjaer, "Monitoring tissue oxygen availability with near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in health and disease," Scand. J. Med. Sci. Sports 11, 213-222 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gratton, E.

J. H. Choi, M. Wolf, V. Toronov, U. Wolf, C. Polzonetti, D. Hueber, L. P. Safonova, R. Gupta, A. Michalos, W. Mantulin, and E. Gratton, "Noninvasive determination of the optical properties of adult brain: near-infrared spectroscopy approach," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 221-229 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Wolf, M. Wolf, J. H. Choi, M. Levi, D. Choudhury, S. Hull, D. Coussirat, L. A. Paunescu, L. P. Safonova, A. Michalos, W. W. Mantulin, and E. Gratton, "Localized irregularities in hemoglobin flow and oxygenation in calf muscle in patients with peripheral vascular disease detected with near-infrared spectrophotometry," J. Vasc. Surg. 37, 1017-1026 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Franceschini, V. Toronov, M. E. Filiaci, E. Gratton, and S. Fantini, "On-line optical imaging of the human brain with 160-ms temporal resolution," Opt. Express 6, 49-57 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Franceschini, K. T. Moesta, S. Fantini, G. Gaida, E. Gratton, H. Jess, W. W. Mantulin, M. Seeber, P. M. Schlag, and M. Kaschke, "Frequency-domain techniques enhance optical mammography: Initial clinical results," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94, 6468-6473 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Fantini, M. A. Franceschini, J. S. Maier, S. A. Walker, B. Barbieri, and E. Gratton, "Frequency domain multichannel optical detector for non-invasive tissue spectroscopy and oxymetry," Opt. Eng. 34, 32-42 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Maris, E. Gratton, J. Maier, W. Mantulin, and B. Chance, "Functional near-infrared imaging of deoxygenation hemoglobin during exercise of the finger extensor muscles using the frequency-domain technique," Bioimaging 2, 174-183 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Grimby, G.

A. Thorstensson, G. Grimby, and J. Karlsson, "Force-velocity relations and fiber composition in human knee extensor muscles," J. Appl. Physiol. 40, 12-16 (1976).
[PubMed]

Grosenick, D.

Gupta, R.

J. H. Choi, M. Wolf, V. Toronov, U. Wolf, C. Polzonetti, D. Hueber, L. P. Safonova, R. Gupta, A. Michalos, W. Mantulin, and E. Gratton, "Noninvasive determination of the optical properties of adult brain: near-infrared spectroscopy approach," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 221-229 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hagerman, F.

B. Chance, M. T. Dait, C. Zhang, T. Hamaoka, and F. Hagerman, "Recovery from exercise-induced desaturation in the quadriceps muscles of elite competitive rowers," Am. J. Physiol. 262, C766-C775 (1992).
[PubMed]

Hamaoka, T.

T. Hamaoka, K. K. McCully, V. Quaresima, K. Yamamoto, and B. Chance, "Near-infrared spectroscopy/ imaging for monitoring muscle oxygenation and oxidative metabolism in healthy and diseased humans," J. Biomed. Opt. 12, 062105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Hamaoka, T. Katsumura, N. Murase, T. Sako, H. Higuchi, M. Murakami, K. Esaki, R. Kime, T. Homma, A. Sugeta, Y. Kurosawa, T. Shimomitsu, and B. Chance, "Muscle oxygen consumption at onset of exercise by near infrared spectroscopy in humans," Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 530, 475-483 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Niwayama, K. Yamamoto, D. Kohata, K. Hirai, N. Kudo, T. Hamaoka, R. Kime, and T. Katsumura, "A 200-channel imaging system of muscle oxygenation using CW near-infrared spectroscopy," IEICE Trans.E 85-D(1), 115-123 (2002).

T. Hamaoka, T. Katsumura, N. Murase, S. Nishio, T. Sako, H. Higuchi, Y. Kurosawa, T. Shimomitsu, M. Miwa, and B. Chance, "Quantification of ischemic muscle deoxygenation by near infrared time-resolved spectroscopy," J. Biomed. Opt. 5, 102-105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Chance, M. T. Dait, C. Zhang, T. Hamaoka, and F. Hagerman, "Recovery from exercise-induced desaturation in the quadriceps muscles of elite competitive rowers," Am. J. Physiol. 262, C766-C775 (1992).
[PubMed]

Hazeki, O.

A. Seiyama, O. Hazeki, and M. Tamura, "Noninvasive quantitative analysis of blood oxygenation in rat skeletal muscle," J. Biochem. 103, 419-424 (1988).
[PubMed]

Higuchi, H.

T. Hamaoka, T. Katsumura, N. Murase, T. Sako, H. Higuchi, M. Murakami, K. Esaki, R. Kime, T. Homma, A. Sugeta, Y. Kurosawa, T. Shimomitsu, and B. Chance, "Muscle oxygen consumption at onset of exercise by near infrared spectroscopy in humans," Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 530, 475-483 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Hamaoka, T. Katsumura, N. Murase, S. Nishio, T. Sako, H. Higuchi, Y. Kurosawa, T. Shimomitsu, M. Miwa, and B. Chance, "Quantification of ischemic muscle deoxygenation by near infrared time-resolved spectroscopy," J. Biomed. Opt. 5, 102-105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hirai, K.

M. Niwayama, K. Yamamoto, D. Kohata, K. Hirai, N. Kudo, T. Hamaoka, R. Kime, and T. Katsumura, "A 200-channel imaging system of muscle oxygenation using CW near-infrared spectroscopy," IEICE Trans.E 85-D(1), 115-123 (2002).

Hirasawa, H.

K. Takahashi, S. Ogata, Y. Atsumi, R. Yamamoto, S. Shiotsuka, A. Maki, Y. Yamashita, T. Yamamoto, H. Koizumi, H. Hirasawa, and M. Igawa, "Activation of the visual cortex imaged by 24-channel near-infrared spectroscopy," J. Biomed. Opt. 5, 93-96 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Homma, S.

K. Azuma, S. Homma, and A. Kagaya, "Oxygen supply-consumption balance in the thigh muscles during exhausting knee-extension exercise," J. Biomed. Opt. 5, 97-101 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Homma, T.

T. Hamaoka, T. Katsumura, N. Murase, T. Sako, H. Higuchi, M. Murakami, K. Esaki, R. Kime, T. Homma, A. Sugeta, Y. Kurosawa, T. Shimomitsu, and B. Chance, "Muscle oxygen consumption at onset of exercise by near infrared spectroscopy in humans," Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 530, 475-483 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hueber, D.

J. H. Choi, M. Wolf, V. Toronov, U. Wolf, C. Polzonetti, D. Hueber, L. P. Safonova, R. Gupta, A. Michalos, W. Mantulin, and E. Gratton, "Noninvasive determination of the optical properties of adult brain: near-infrared spectroscopy approach," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 221-229 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hull, S.

U. Wolf, M. Wolf, J. H. Choi, M. Levi, D. Choudhury, S. Hull, D. Coussirat, L. A. Paunescu, L. P. Safonova, A. Michalos, W. W. Mantulin, and E. Gratton, "Localized irregularities in hemoglobin flow and oxygenation in calf muscle in patients with peripheral vascular disease detected with near-infrared spectrophotometry," J. Vasc. Surg. 37, 1017-1026 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hurd, R.

T. K. Tran, N. Sailasuta, U. Kreutzer, R. Hurd, Y. Chung, P. Mole, S. Kuno, and T. Jue, "Comparative analysis of NMR and NIRS measurements of intracellular PO2 in human skeletal muscle," Am. J. Physiol. 276, R1682-R1690 (1999).
[PubMed]

Igawa, M.

K. Takahashi, S. Ogata, Y. Atsumi, R. Yamamoto, S. Shiotsuka, A. Maki, Y. Yamashita, T. Yamamoto, H. Koizumi, H. Hirasawa, and M. Igawa, "Activation of the visual cortex imaged by 24-channel near-infrared spectroscopy," J. Biomed. Opt. 5, 93-96 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ito, Y.

A. Maki, Y. Yamashita, Y. Ito, E. Watanabe, Y. Mayanagi, and H. Koizumi, "Spatial and temporal analysis of human motor activity using noninvasive NIR topography," Med. Phys. 22, 1997-2005 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jess, H.

M. A. Franceschini, K. T. Moesta, S. Fantini, G. Gaida, E. Gratton, H. Jess, W. W. Mantulin, M. Seeber, P. M. Schlag, and M. Kaschke, "Frequency-domain techniques enhance optical mammography: Initial clinical results," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94, 6468-6473 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jue, T.

T. K. Tran, N. Sailasuta, U. Kreutzer, R. Hurd, Y. Chung, P. Mole, S. Kuno, and T. Jue, "Comparative analysis of NMR and NIRS measurements of intracellular PO2 in human skeletal muscle," Am. J. Physiol. 276, R1682-R1690 (1999).
[PubMed]

Kagaya, A.

K. Azuma, S. Homma, and A. Kagaya, "Oxygen supply-consumption balance in the thigh muscles during exhausting knee-extension exercise," J. Biomed. Opt. 5, 97-101 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Karlsson, J.

A. Thorstensson, G. Grimby, and J. Karlsson, "Force-velocity relations and fiber composition in human knee extensor muscles," J. Appl. Physiol. 40, 12-16 (1976).
[PubMed]

Kaschke, M.

M. A. Franceschini, K. T. Moesta, S. Fantini, G. Gaida, E. Gratton, H. Jess, W. W. Mantulin, M. Seeber, P. M. Schlag, and M. Kaschke, "Frequency-domain techniques enhance optical mammography: Initial clinical results," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94, 6468-6473 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Katsumura, T.

T. Hamaoka, T. Katsumura, N. Murase, T. Sako, H. Higuchi, M. Murakami, K. Esaki, R. Kime, T. Homma, A. Sugeta, Y. Kurosawa, T. Shimomitsu, and B. Chance, "Muscle oxygen consumption at onset of exercise by near infrared spectroscopy in humans," Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 530, 475-483 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Niwayama, K. Yamamoto, D. Kohata, K. Hirai, N. Kudo, T. Hamaoka, R. Kime, and T. Katsumura, "A 200-channel imaging system of muscle oxygenation using CW near-infrared spectroscopy," IEICE Trans.E 85-D(1), 115-123 (2002).

T. Hamaoka, T. Katsumura, N. Murase, S. Nishio, T. Sako, H. Higuchi, Y. Kurosawa, T. Shimomitsu, M. Miwa, and B. Chance, "Quantification of ischemic muscle deoxygenation by near infrared time-resolved spectroscopy," J. Biomed. Opt. 5, 102-105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kendrick, K.

D. M. Mancini, L. Bolinger, H. Li, K. Kendrick, B. Chance, and J. R. Wilson, "Validation of near-infrared spectroscopy in humans," J. Appl. Physiol. 77, 2740-2747 (1994).
[PubMed]

Kime, R.

T. Hamaoka, T. Katsumura, N. Murase, T. Sako, H. Higuchi, M. Murakami, K. Esaki, R. Kime, T. Homma, A. Sugeta, Y. Kurosawa, T. Shimomitsu, and B. Chance, "Muscle oxygen consumption at onset of exercise by near infrared spectroscopy in humans," Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 530, 475-483 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Niwayama, K. Yamamoto, D. Kohata, K. Hirai, N. Kudo, T. Hamaoka, R. Kime, and T. Katsumura, "A 200-channel imaging system of muscle oxygenation using CW near-infrared spectroscopy," IEICE Trans.E 85-D(1), 115-123 (2002).

Kirkpatrick, P.

S. J. Matcher, P. Kirkpatrick, K. Nahid, M. Cope and D. T. Delpy, "Absolute quantification methods in tissue near infrared spectroscopy," in Optical Tomography, Photon Migration, and Spectroscopy of Tissue and Model Media: Theory, Human Studies, and Instrumentation, B. Chance, R. R. Alfano eds., Proc. SPIE 2389, 486-495 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kjaer, M.

R. Boushel, H. Langberg, J. Olesen, J. Gonzales-Alonzo, J. Bulow, and M. Kjaer, "Monitoring tissue oxygen availability with near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in health and disease," Scand. J. Med. Sci. Sports 11, 213-222 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koh, J. L.

L. Q. Zhang, G. Z. Wang, G. W. Nuber, J. M. Press, and J. L. Koh, "In vivo load sharing among the quadriceps components," J. Orthop. Res. 21, 565-571 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kohata, D.

M. Niwayama, K. Yamamoto, D. Kohata, K. Hirai, N. Kudo, T. Hamaoka, R. Kime, and T. Katsumura, "A 200-channel imaging system of muscle oxygenation using CW near-infrared spectroscopy," IEICE Trans.E 85-D(1), 115-123 (2002).

Koizumi, H.

K. Takahashi, S. Ogata, Y. Atsumi, R. Yamamoto, S. Shiotsuka, A. Maki, Y. Yamashita, T. Yamamoto, H. Koizumi, H. Hirasawa, and M. Igawa, "Activation of the visual cortex imaged by 24-channel near-infrared spectroscopy," J. Biomed. Opt. 5, 93-96 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Maki, Y. Yamashita, Y. Ito, E. Watanabe, Y. Mayanagi, and H. Koizumi, "Spatial and temporal analysis of human motor activity using noninvasive NIR topography," Med. Phys. 22, 1997-2005 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kolzer, J.

Kouzaki, M.

Q1. M. Shinohara, M. Kouzaki, T. Yoshihisa, S. Kuno, and T. Fukunaga, "Non-uniformity of muscle oxygenation in the quadriceps muscle during incremental knee extension," Adv. Exerc. Sports Physiol. 5, 79-87 (1999).

Kreutzer, U.

T. K. Tran, N. Sailasuta, U. Kreutzer, R. Hurd, Y. Chung, P. Mole, S. Kuno, and T. Jue, "Comparative analysis of NMR and NIRS measurements of intracellular PO2 in human skeletal muscle," Am. J. Physiol. 276, R1682-R1690 (1999).
[PubMed]

Kudo, N.

M. Niwayama, K. Yamamoto, D. Kohata, K. Hirai, N. Kudo, T. Hamaoka, R. Kime, and T. Katsumura, "A 200-channel imaging system of muscle oxygenation using CW near-infrared spectroscopy," IEICE Trans.E 85-D(1), 115-123 (2002).

J. Shao, L. Lin, M. Niwayama, N. Kudo, and K. Yamamoto, "Theoretical and experimental studies on linear and nonlinear algorithms for the measurement of muscle oxygenation using continuous-wave near-infrared spectroscopy," Opt. Eng. 40, 2293-2301 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Niwayama, L. Lin, J. Shao, N. Kudo, and K. Yamamoto, "Quantitative measurement of muscle hemoglobin oxygenation using near-infrared spectroscopy with correction for the influence of a subcutaneous fat layer," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 4571-4575 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kuno, S.

T. K. Tran, N. Sailasuta, U. Kreutzer, R. Hurd, Y. Chung, P. Mole, S. Kuno, and T. Jue, "Comparative analysis of NMR and NIRS measurements of intracellular PO2 in human skeletal muscle," Am. J. Physiol. 276, R1682-R1690 (1999).
[PubMed]

Q1. M. Shinohara, M. Kouzaki, T. Yoshihisa, S. Kuno, and T. Fukunaga, "Non-uniformity of muscle oxygenation in the quadriceps muscle during incremental knee extension," Adv. Exerc. Sports Physiol. 5, 79-87 (1999).

Kurosawa, Y.

T. Hamaoka, T. Katsumura, N. Murase, T. Sako, H. Higuchi, M. Murakami, K. Esaki, R. Kime, T. Homma, A. Sugeta, Y. Kurosawa, T. Shimomitsu, and B. Chance, "Muscle oxygen consumption at onset of exercise by near infrared spectroscopy in humans," Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 530, 475-483 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Hamaoka, T. Katsumura, N. Murase, S. Nishio, T. Sako, H. Higuchi, Y. Kurosawa, T. Shimomitsu, M. Miwa, and B. Chance, "Quantification of ischemic muscle deoxygenation by near infrared time-resolved spectroscopy," J. Biomed. Opt. 5, 102-105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Landoni, L.

M. V. Narici, L. Landoni, and A. E. Minetti, "Assessment of human knee extensor muscles stress from in vivo physiological cross-sectional area and strength measurements," Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. Occup. Physiol. 65, 438-444 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Landry, M. R.

Langberg, H.

R. Boushel, H. Langberg, J. Olesen, J. Gonzales-Alonzo, J. Bulow, and M. Kjaer, "Monitoring tissue oxygen availability with near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in health and disease," Scand. J. Med. Sci. Sports 11, 213-222 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, S. M. C.

Levi, M.

U. Wolf, M. Wolf, J. H. Choi, M. Levi, D. Choudhury, S. Hull, D. Coussirat, L. A. Paunescu, L. P. Safonova, A. Michalos, W. W. Mantulin, and E. Gratton, "Localized irregularities in hemoglobin flow and oxygenation in calf muscle in patients with peripheral vascular disease detected with near-infrared spectrophotometry," J. Vasc. Surg. 37, 1017-1026 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lewis, G. D.

M. Dujovny, J. I. Ausman, H. Stoddart, K. V. Slavin, G. D. Lewis, and R. Widman, "Somanetics INVOS-3100 cerebral oximeter," Neurosurgery 34, 935-936 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

D. M. Mancini, L. Bolinger, H. Li, K. Kendrick, B. Chance, and J. R. Wilson, "Validation of near-infrared spectroscopy in humans," J. Appl. Physiol. 77, 2740-2747 (1994).
[PubMed]

Lin, L.

J. Shao, L. Lin, M. Niwayama, N. Kudo, and K. Yamamoto, "Theoretical and experimental studies on linear and nonlinear algorithms for the measurement of muscle oxygenation using continuous-wave near-infrared spectroscopy," Opt. Eng. 40, 2293-2301 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Niwayama, L. Lin, J. Shao, N. Kudo, and K. Yamamoto, "Quantitative measurement of muscle hemoglobin oxygenation using near-infrared spectroscopy with correction for the influence of a subcutaneous fat layer," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 4571-4575 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Q.

S. Nioka, Q. Luo, and B. Chance, "Human brain functional imaging with reflectance CWS," Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 428, 237-242 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Macdonald, R.

Maier, J.

M. Maris, E. Gratton, J. Maier, W. Mantulin, and B. Chance, "Functional near-infrared imaging of deoxygenation hemoglobin during exercise of the finger extensor muscles using the frequency-domain technique," Bioimaging 2, 174-183 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Maier, J. S.

S. Fantini, M. A. Franceschini, J. S. Maier, S. A. Walker, B. Barbieri, and E. Gratton, "Frequency domain multichannel optical detector for non-invasive tissue spectroscopy and oxymetry," Opt. Eng. 34, 32-42 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Maki, A.

K. Takahashi, S. Ogata, Y. Atsumi, R. Yamamoto, S. Shiotsuka, A. Maki, Y. Yamashita, T. Yamamoto, H. Koizumi, H. Hirasawa, and M. Igawa, "Activation of the visual cortex imaged by 24-channel near-infrared spectroscopy," J. Biomed. Opt. 5, 93-96 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Maki, Y. Yamashita, Y. Ito, E. Watanabe, Y. Mayanagi, and H. Koizumi, "Spatial and temporal analysis of human motor activity using noninvasive NIR topography," Med. Phys. 22, 1997-2005 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mancini, D. M.

D. M. Mancini, L. Bolinger, H. Li, K. Kendrick, B. Chance, and J. R. Wilson, "Validation of near-infrared spectroscopy in humans," J. Appl. Physiol. 77, 2740-2747 (1994).
[PubMed]

Mantulin, W.

J. H. Choi, M. Wolf, V. Toronov, U. Wolf, C. Polzonetti, D. Hueber, L. P. Safonova, R. Gupta, A. Michalos, W. Mantulin, and E. Gratton, "Noninvasive determination of the optical properties of adult brain: near-infrared spectroscopy approach," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 221-229 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Maris, E. Gratton, J. Maier, W. Mantulin, and B. Chance, "Functional near-infrared imaging of deoxygenation hemoglobin during exercise of the finger extensor muscles using the frequency-domain technique," Bioimaging 2, 174-183 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mantulin, W. W.

U. Wolf, M. Wolf, J. H. Choi, M. Levi, D. Choudhury, S. Hull, D. Coussirat, L. A. Paunescu, L. P. Safonova, A. Michalos, W. W. Mantulin, and E. Gratton, "Localized irregularities in hemoglobin flow and oxygenation in calf muscle in patients with peripheral vascular disease detected with near-infrared spectrophotometry," J. Vasc. Surg. 37, 1017-1026 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Franceschini, K. T. Moesta, S. Fantini, G. Gaida, E. Gratton, H. Jess, W. W. Mantulin, M. Seeber, P. M. Schlag, and M. Kaschke, "Frequency-domain techniques enhance optical mammography: Initial clinical results," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94, 6468-6473 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maris, M.

M. Maris, E. Gratton, J. Maier, W. Mantulin, and B. Chance, "Functional near-infrared imaging of deoxygenation hemoglobin during exercise of the finger extensor muscles using the frequency-domain technique," Bioimaging 2, 174-183 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Matcher, S. J.

S. J. Matcher, C. E. Elwell, C. E. Cooper, M. Cope, and D. T. Delpy, "Performance comparison of several published tissue near-infrared spectroscopy algorithms," Anal. Biochem. 227, 54-68 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. J. Matcher, P. Kirkpatrick, K. Nahid, M. Cope and D. T. Delpy, "Absolute quantification methods in tissue near infrared spectroscopy," in Optical Tomography, Photon Migration, and Spectroscopy of Tissue and Model Media: Theory, Human Studies, and Instrumentation, B. Chance, R. R. Alfano eds., Proc. SPIE 2389, 486-495 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Mayanagi, Y.

A. Maki, Y. Yamashita, Y. Ito, E. Watanabe, Y. Mayanagi, and H. Koizumi, "Spatial and temporal analysis of human motor activity using noninvasive NIR topography," Med. Phys. 22, 1997-2005 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McCully, K.

H. Miura, K. McCully, S. Nioka, and B. Chance, "Relationship between muscle architectural features and oxygenation status determined by near infrared device," Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 91, 273-278 (2004).
[CrossRef]

McCully, K. K.

T. Hamaoka, K. K. McCully, V. Quaresima, K. Yamamoto, and B. Chance, "Near-infrared spectroscopy/ imaging for monitoring muscle oxygenation and oxidative metabolism in healthy and diseased humans," J. Biomed. Opt. 12, 062105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mercieri, M.

R. A. De Blasi, S. Palmisani, D. Alampi, M. Mercieri, R. Romano, S. Collini, and G. Pinto, "Microvascular dysfunction and skeletal muscle oxygenation assessed by phase-modulation near-infrared spectroscopy in patients with septic shock," Intensive Care Med. 31, 1661-1668 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Michalos, A.

J. H. Choi, M. Wolf, V. Toronov, U. Wolf, C. Polzonetti, D. Hueber, L. P. Safonova, R. Gupta, A. Michalos, W. Mantulin, and E. Gratton, "Noninvasive determination of the optical properties of adult brain: near-infrared spectroscopy approach," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 221-229 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Wolf, M. Wolf, J. H. Choi, M. Levi, D. Choudhury, S. Hull, D. Coussirat, L. A. Paunescu, L. P. Safonova, A. Michalos, W. W. Mantulin, and E. Gratton, "Localized irregularities in hemoglobin flow and oxygenation in calf muscle in patients with peripheral vascular disease detected with near-infrared spectrophotometry," J. Vasc. Surg. 37, 1017-1026 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Minetti, A. E.

M. V. Narici, L. Landoni, and A. E. Minetti, "Assessment of human knee extensor muscles stress from in vivo physiological cross-sectional area and strength measurements," Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. Occup. Physiol. 65, 438-444 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mitic, G.

Miura, H.

H. Miura, K. McCully, S. Nioka, and B. Chance, "Relationship between muscle architectural features and oxygenation status determined by near infrared device," Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 91, 273-278 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Miwa, M.

T. Hamaoka, T. Katsumura, N. Murase, S. Nishio, T. Sako, H. Higuchi, Y. Kurosawa, T. Shimomitsu, M. Miwa, and B. Chance, "Quantification of ischemic muscle deoxygenation by near infrared time-resolved spectroscopy," J. Biomed. Opt. 5, 102-105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moes, C. J. M.

Moesta, K. T.

D. Grosenick, K. T. Moesta, H. Wabnitz, J. Mucke, C. Stroszczynski, R. Macdonald, P. M. Schlag, and H. Rinneberg, "Time-domain optical mammography: initial clinical results on detection and characterization of breast tumors," Appl. Opt. 42, 3170-3186 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Franceschini, K. T. Moesta, S. Fantini, G. Gaida, E. Gratton, H. Jess, W. W. Mantulin, M. Seeber, P. M. Schlag, and M. Kaschke, "Frequency-domain techniques enhance optical mammography: Initial clinical results," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94, 6468-6473 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mole, P.

T. K. Tran, N. Sailasuta, U. Kreutzer, R. Hurd, Y. Chung, P. Mole, S. Kuno, and T. Jue, "Comparative analysis of NMR and NIRS measurements of intracellular PO2 in human skeletal muscle," Am. J. Physiol. 276, R1682-R1690 (1999).
[PubMed]

Mucke, J.

Murakami, M.

T. Hamaoka, T. Katsumura, N. Murase, T. Sako, H. Higuchi, M. Murakami, K. Esaki, R. Kime, T. Homma, A. Sugeta, Y. Kurosawa, T. Shimomitsu, and B. Chance, "Muscle oxygen consumption at onset of exercise by near infrared spectroscopy in humans," Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 530, 475-483 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murase, N.

T. Hamaoka, T. Katsumura, N. Murase, T. Sako, H. Higuchi, M. Murakami, K. Esaki, R. Kime, T. Homma, A. Sugeta, Y. Kurosawa, T. Shimomitsu, and B. Chance, "Muscle oxygen consumption at onset of exercise by near infrared spectroscopy in humans," Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 530, 475-483 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Hamaoka, T. Katsumura, N. Murase, S. Nishio, T. Sako, H. Higuchi, Y. Kurosawa, T. Shimomitsu, M. Miwa, and B. Chance, "Quantification of ischemic muscle deoxygenation by near infrared time-resolved spectroscopy," J. Biomed. Opt. 5, 102-105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murata, H.

Q2. M. Niwayama, S. Sone, H. Murata, H. Yoshida, and S. Shinohara, "Errors in muscle oxygenation measurement using spatially resolved NIRS and its correction," J. Jpn. Coll. Angiol. 47, 17-20 (2007) (in Japanese).

Nahid, K.

S. J. Matcher, P. Kirkpatrick, K. Nahid, M. Cope and D. T. Delpy, "Absolute quantification methods in tissue near infrared spectroscopy," in Optical Tomography, Photon Migration, and Spectroscopy of Tissue and Model Media: Theory, Human Studies, and Instrumentation, B. Chance, R. R. Alfano eds., Proc. SPIE 2389, 486-495 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Narici, M. V.

M. V. Narici, L. Landoni, and A. E. Minetti, "Assessment of human knee extensor muscles stress from in vivo physiological cross-sectional area and strength measurements," Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. Occup. Physiol. 65, 438-444 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nioka, S.

H. Miura, K. McCully, S. Nioka, and B. Chance, "Relationship between muscle architectural features and oxygenation status determined by near infrared device," Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 91, 273-278 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Nioka, Q. Luo, and B. Chance, "Human brain functional imaging with reflectance CWS," Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 428, 237-242 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nishio, S.

T. Hamaoka, T. Katsumura, N. Murase, S. Nishio, T. Sako, H. Higuchi, Y. Kurosawa, T. Shimomitsu, M. Miwa, and B. Chance, "Quantification of ischemic muscle deoxygenation by near infrared time-resolved spectroscopy," J. Biomed. Opt. 5, 102-105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Niwayama, M.

Q2. M. Niwayama, S. Sone, H. Murata, H. Yoshida, and S. Shinohara, "Errors in muscle oxygenation measurement using spatially resolved NIRS and its correction," J. Jpn. Coll. Angiol. 47, 17-20 (2007) (in Japanese).

M. Niwayama, K. Yamamoto, D. Kohata, K. Hirai, N. Kudo, T. Hamaoka, R. Kime, and T. Katsumura, "A 200-channel imaging system of muscle oxygenation using CW near-infrared spectroscopy," IEICE Trans.E 85-D(1), 115-123 (2002).

J. Shao, L. Lin, M. Niwayama, N. Kudo, and K. Yamamoto, "Theoretical and experimental studies on linear and nonlinear algorithms for the measurement of muscle oxygenation using continuous-wave near-infrared spectroscopy," Opt. Eng. 40, 2293-2301 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Niwayama, L. Lin, J. Shao, N. Kudo, and K. Yamamoto, "Quantitative measurement of muscle hemoglobin oxygenation using near-infrared spectroscopy with correction for the influence of a subcutaneous fat layer," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 4571-4575 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nuber, G. W.

L. Q. Zhang, G. Z. Wang, G. W. Nuber, J. M. Press, and J. L. Koh, "In vivo load sharing among the quadriceps components," J. Orthop. Res. 21, 565-571 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oda, M.

M. Firbank, M. Oda, and D. T. Delpy, "An improved design for a stable and reproducible phantom material for use in near-infrared spectroscopy and imaging," Phys. Med. Biol. 40, 955-961 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ogata, S.

K. Takahashi, S. Ogata, Y. Atsumi, R. Yamamoto, S. Shiotsuka, A. Maki, Y. Yamashita, T. Yamamoto, H. Koizumi, H. Hirasawa, and M. Igawa, "Activation of the visual cortex imaged by 24-channel near-infrared spectroscopy," J. Biomed. Opt. 5, 93-96 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Olesen, J.

R. Boushel, H. Langberg, J. Olesen, J. Gonzales-Alonzo, J. Bulow, and M. Kjaer, "Monitoring tissue oxygen availability with near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in health and disease," Scand. J. Med. Sci. Sports 11, 213-222 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Otto, J.

Palmisani, S.

R. A. De Blasi, S. Palmisani, D. Alampi, M. Mercieri, R. Romano, S. Collini, and G. Pinto, "Microvascular dysfunction and skeletal muscle oxygenation assessed by phase-modulation near-infrared spectroscopy in patients with septic shock," Intensive Care Med. 31, 1661-1668 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Parrish, J. A.

S. Wan, R. R. Anderson, and J. A. Parrish, "Analytical modeling for the optical properties of the skin with in vitro and in vivo applications," Photochem. Photobiol. 34, 493-499 (1981).
[PubMed]

Patterson, M. S.

T. J. Farrell, M. S. Patterson, and B. Wilson, "A diffusion theory model of spatially resolved, steady-state diffuse reflectance for the noninvasive determination of tissue optical properties in vivo," Med. Phys. 19, 879-888 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Paunescu, L. A.

U. Wolf, M. Wolf, J. H. Choi, M. Levi, D. Choudhury, S. Hull, D. Coussirat, L. A. Paunescu, L. P. Safonova, A. Michalos, W. W. Mantulin, and E. Gratton, "Localized irregularities in hemoglobin flow and oxygenation in calf muscle in patients with peripheral vascular disease detected with near-infrared spectrophotometry," J. Vasc. Surg. 37, 1017-1026 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pifferi, A.

V. Quaresima, M. Ferrari, A. Torricelli, L. Spinelli, A. Pifferi, and R. Cubeddu, "Bilateral prefrontal cortex oxygenation responses to a verbal fluency task: a multichannel time-resolved near-infrared topography study," J. Biomed. Opt. 10, 11012 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Torricelli, V. Quaresima, A. Pifferi, G. Biscotti, L. Spinelli, P. Taroni, M. Ferrari, and R. Cubeddu, "Mapping of calf muscle oxygenation and haemoglobin content during dynamic plantar flexion exercise by multi-channel time-resolved near-infrared spectroscopy," Phys. Med. Biol. 49, 685-699 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pinto, G.

R. A. De Blasi, S. Palmisani, D. Alampi, M. Mercieri, R. Romano, S. Collini, and G. Pinto, "Microvascular dysfunction and skeletal muscle oxygenation assessed by phase-modulation near-infrared spectroscopy in patients with septic shock," Intensive Care Med. 31, 1661-1668 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Plies, E.

Polzonetti, C.

J. H. Choi, M. Wolf, V. Toronov, U. Wolf, C. Polzonetti, D. Hueber, L. P. Safonova, R. Gupta, A. Michalos, W. Mantulin, and E. Gratton, "Noninvasive determination of the optical properties of adult brain: near-infrared spectroscopy approach," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 221-229 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prahl, S. A.

Press, J. M.

L. Q. Zhang, G. Z. Wang, G. W. Nuber, J. M. Press, and J. L. Koh, "In vivo load sharing among the quadriceps components," J. Orthop. Res. 21, 565-571 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Quaresima, V.

T. Hamaoka, K. K. McCully, V. Quaresima, K. Yamamoto, and B. Chance, "Near-infrared spectroscopy/ imaging for monitoring muscle oxygenation and oxidative metabolism in healthy and diseased humans," J. Biomed. Opt. 12, 062105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Wolf, M. Ferrari, and V. Quaresima, "Progress of near-infrared spectroscopy and topography for brain and muscle clinical applications," J. Biomed. Opt. 12, 062104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Quaresima, M. Ferrari, A. Torricelli, L. Spinelli, A. Pifferi, and R. Cubeddu, "Bilateral prefrontal cortex oxygenation responses to a verbal fluency task: a multichannel time-resolved near-infrared topography study," J. Biomed. Opt. 10, 11012 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Torricelli, V. Quaresima, A. Pifferi, G. Biscotti, L. Spinelli, P. Taroni, M. Ferrari, and R. Cubeddu, "Mapping of calf muscle oxygenation and haemoglobin content during dynamic plantar flexion exercise by multi-channel time-resolved near-infrared spectroscopy," Phys. Med. Biol. 49, 685-699 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Quaresima, W. N. Colier, M. van der Sluijs, and M. Ferrari, "Nonuniform quadriceps O2 consumption revealed by near infrared multipoint measurements," Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 285, 1034-1039 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rinneberg, H.

Romano, R.

R. A. De Blasi, S. Palmisani, D. Alampi, M. Mercieri, R. Romano, S. Collini, and G. Pinto, "Microvascular dysfunction and skeletal muscle oxygenation assessed by phase-modulation near-infrared spectroscopy in patients with septic shock," Intensive Care Med. 31, 1661-1668 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Safonova, L. P.

J. H. Choi, M. Wolf, V. Toronov, U. Wolf, C. Polzonetti, D. Hueber, L. P. Safonova, R. Gupta, A. Michalos, W. Mantulin, and E. Gratton, "Noninvasive determination of the optical properties of adult brain: near-infrared spectroscopy approach," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 221-229 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Wolf, M. Wolf, J. H. Choi, M. Levi, D. Choudhury, S. Hull, D. Coussirat, L. A. Paunescu, L. P. Safonova, A. Michalos, W. W. Mantulin, and E. Gratton, "Localized irregularities in hemoglobin flow and oxygenation in calf muscle in patients with peripheral vascular disease detected with near-infrared spectrophotometry," J. Vasc. Surg. 37, 1017-1026 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sailasuta, N.

T. K. Tran, N. Sailasuta, U. Kreutzer, R. Hurd, Y. Chung, P. Mole, S. Kuno, and T. Jue, "Comparative analysis of NMR and NIRS measurements of intracellular PO2 in human skeletal muscle," Am. J. Physiol. 276, R1682-R1690 (1999).
[PubMed]

Sako, T.

T. Hamaoka, T. Katsumura, N. Murase, T. Sako, H. Higuchi, M. Murakami, K. Esaki, R. Kime, T. Homma, A. Sugeta, Y. Kurosawa, T. Shimomitsu, and B. Chance, "Muscle oxygen consumption at onset of exercise by near infrared spectroscopy in humans," Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 530, 475-483 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Hamaoka, T. Katsumura, N. Murase, S. Nishio, T. Sako, H. Higuchi, Y. Kurosawa, T. Shimomitsu, M. Miwa, and B. Chance, "Quantification of ischemic muscle deoxygenation by near infrared time-resolved spectroscopy," J. Biomed. Opt. 5, 102-105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schlag, P. M.

D. Grosenick, K. T. Moesta, H. Wabnitz, J. Mucke, C. Stroszczynski, R. Macdonald, P. M. Schlag, and H. Rinneberg, "Time-domain optical mammography: initial clinical results on detection and characterization of breast tumors," Appl. Opt. 42, 3170-3186 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Franceschini, K. T. Moesta, S. Fantini, G. Gaida, E. Gratton, H. Jess, W. W. Mantulin, M. Seeber, P. M. Schlag, and M. Kaschke, "Frequency-domain techniques enhance optical mammography: Initial clinical results," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94, 6468-6473 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scott, P. J.

Seeber, M.

M. A. Franceschini, K. T. Moesta, S. Fantini, G. Gaida, E. Gratton, H. Jess, W. W. Mantulin, M. Seeber, P. M. Schlag, and M. Kaschke, "Frequency-domain techniques enhance optical mammography: Initial clinical results," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94, 6468-6473 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seiyama, A.

A. Seiyama, O. Hazeki, and M. Tamura, "Noninvasive quantitative analysis of blood oxygenation in rat skeletal muscle," J. Biochem. 103, 419-424 (1988).
[PubMed]

Shao, J.

J. Shao, L. Lin, M. Niwayama, N. Kudo, and K. Yamamoto, "Theoretical and experimental studies on linear and nonlinear algorithms for the measurement of muscle oxygenation using continuous-wave near-infrared spectroscopy," Opt. Eng. 40, 2293-2301 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Niwayama, L. Lin, J. Shao, N. Kudo, and K. Yamamoto, "Quantitative measurement of muscle hemoglobin oxygenation using near-infrared spectroscopy with correction for the influence of a subcutaneous fat layer," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 4571-4575 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Shimomitsu, T.

T. Hamaoka, T. Katsumura, N. Murase, T. Sako, H. Higuchi, M. Murakami, K. Esaki, R. Kime, T. Homma, A. Sugeta, Y. Kurosawa, T. Shimomitsu, and B. Chance, "Muscle oxygen consumption at onset of exercise by near infrared spectroscopy in humans," Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 530, 475-483 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Hamaoka, T. Katsumura, N. Murase, S. Nishio, T. Sako, H. Higuchi, Y. Kurosawa, T. Shimomitsu, M. Miwa, and B. Chance, "Quantification of ischemic muscle deoxygenation by near infrared time-resolved spectroscopy," J. Biomed. Opt. 5, 102-105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shinohara, M.

Q1. M. Shinohara, M. Kouzaki, T. Yoshihisa, S. Kuno, and T. Fukunaga, "Non-uniformity of muscle oxygenation in the quadriceps muscle during incremental knee extension," Adv. Exerc. Sports Physiol. 5, 79-87 (1999).

Shinohara, S.

Q2. M. Niwayama, S. Sone, H. Murata, H. Yoshida, and S. Shinohara, "Errors in muscle oxygenation measurement using spatially resolved NIRS and its correction," J. Jpn. Coll. Angiol. 47, 17-20 (2007) (in Japanese).

Shiotsuka, S.

K. Takahashi, S. Ogata, Y. Atsumi, R. Yamamoto, S. Shiotsuka, A. Maki, Y. Yamashita, T. Yamamoto, H. Koizumi, H. Hirasawa, and M. Igawa, "Activation of the visual cortex imaged by 24-channel near-infrared spectroscopy," J. Biomed. Opt. 5, 93-96 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Slavin, K. V.

M. Dujovny, J. I. Ausman, H. Stoddart, K. V. Slavin, G. D. Lewis, and R. Widman, "Somanetics INVOS-3100 cerebral oximeter," Neurosurgery 34, 935-936 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Solkner, G.

Soller, B. R.

Sone, S.

Q2. M. Niwayama, S. Sone, H. Murata, H. Yoshida, and S. Shinohara, "Errors in muscle oxygenation measurement using spatially resolved NIRS and its correction," J. Jpn. Coll. Angiol. 47, 17-20 (2007) (in Japanese).

Soyemi, O. O.

Spinelli, L.

V. Quaresima, M. Ferrari, A. Torricelli, L. Spinelli, A. Pifferi, and R. Cubeddu, "Bilateral prefrontal cortex oxygenation responses to a verbal fluency task: a multichannel time-resolved near-infrared topography study," J. Biomed. Opt. 10, 11012 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Torricelli, V. Quaresima, A. Pifferi, G. Biscotti, L. Spinelli, P. Taroni, M. Ferrari, and R. Cubeddu, "Mapping of calf muscle oxygenation and haemoglobin content during dynamic plantar flexion exercise by multi-channel time-resolved near-infrared spectroscopy," Phys. Med. Biol. 49, 685-699 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stoddart, H.

M. Dujovny, J. I. Ausman, H. Stoddart, K. V. Slavin, G. D. Lewis, and R. Widman, "Somanetics INVOS-3100 cerebral oximeter," Neurosurgery 34, 935-936 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Stroszczynski, C.

Stroud, L.

Sugeta, A.

T. Hamaoka, T. Katsumura, N. Murase, T. Sako, H. Higuchi, M. Murakami, K. Esaki, R. Kime, T. Homma, A. Sugeta, Y. Kurosawa, T. Shimomitsu, and B. Chance, "Muscle oxygen consumption at onset of exercise by near infrared spectroscopy in humans," Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 530, 475-483 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takahashi, K.

K. Takahashi, S. Ogata, Y. Atsumi, R. Yamamoto, S. Shiotsuka, A. Maki, Y. Yamashita, T. Yamamoto, H. Koizumi, H. Hirasawa, and M. Igawa, "Activation of the visual cortex imaged by 24-channel near-infrared spectroscopy," J. Biomed. Opt. 5, 93-96 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tamura, M.

A. Seiyama, O. Hazeki, and M. Tamura, "Noninvasive quantitative analysis of blood oxygenation in rat skeletal muscle," J. Biochem. 103, 419-424 (1988).
[PubMed]

Taroni, P.

A. Torricelli, V. Quaresima, A. Pifferi, G. Biscotti, L. Spinelli, P. Taroni, M. Ferrari, and R. Cubeddu, "Mapping of calf muscle oxygenation and haemoglobin content during dynamic plantar flexion exercise by multi-channel time-resolved near-infrared spectroscopy," Phys. Med. Biol. 49, 685-699 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thorstensson, A.

A. Thorstensson, G. Grimby, and J. Karlsson, "Force-velocity relations and fiber composition in human knee extensor muscles," J. Appl. Physiol. 40, 12-16 (1976).
[PubMed]

Toronov, V.

J. H. Choi, M. Wolf, V. Toronov, U. Wolf, C. Polzonetti, D. Hueber, L. P. Safonova, R. Gupta, A. Michalos, W. Mantulin, and E. Gratton, "Noninvasive determination of the optical properties of adult brain: near-infrared spectroscopy approach," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 221-229 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Franceschini, V. Toronov, M. E. Filiaci, E. Gratton, and S. Fantini, "On-line optical imaging of the human brain with 160-ms temporal resolution," Opt. Express 6, 49-57 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Torricelli, A.

V. Quaresima, M. Ferrari, A. Torricelli, L. Spinelli, A. Pifferi, and R. Cubeddu, "Bilateral prefrontal cortex oxygenation responses to a verbal fluency task: a multichannel time-resolved near-infrared topography study," J. Biomed. Opt. 10, 11012 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Torricelli, V. Quaresima, A. Pifferi, G. Biscotti, L. Spinelli, P. Taroni, M. Ferrari, and R. Cubeddu, "Mapping of calf muscle oxygenation and haemoglobin content during dynamic plantar flexion exercise by multi-channel time-resolved near-infrared spectroscopy," Phys. Med. Biol. 49, 685-699 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tran, T. K.

T. K. Tran, N. Sailasuta, U. Kreutzer, R. Hurd, Y. Chung, P. Mole, S. Kuno, and T. Jue, "Comparative analysis of NMR and NIRS measurements of intracellular PO2 in human skeletal muscle," Am. J. Physiol. 276, R1682-R1690 (1999).
[PubMed]

van der Sluijs, M.

V. Quaresima, W. N. Colier, M. van der Sluijs, and M. Ferrari, "Nonuniform quadriceps O2 consumption revealed by near infrared multipoint measurements," Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 285, 1034-1039 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van Gemert, M. J. C.

van Marle, J.

van Staveren, H. J.

Wabnitz, H.

Walker, S. A.

S. Fantini, M. A. Franceschini, J. S. Maier, S. A. Walker, B. Barbieri, and E. Gratton, "Frequency domain multichannel optical detector for non-invasive tissue spectroscopy and oxymetry," Opt. Eng. 34, 32-42 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wan, S.

S. Wan, R. R. Anderson, and J. A. Parrish, "Analytical modeling for the optical properties of the skin with in vitro and in vivo applications," Photochem. Photobiol. 34, 493-499 (1981).
[PubMed]

Wang, G. Z.

L. Q. Zhang, G. Z. Wang, G. W. Nuber, J. M. Press, and J. L. Koh, "In vivo load sharing among the quadriceps components," J. Orthop. Res. 21, 565-571 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Watanabe, E.

A. Maki, Y. Yamashita, Y. Ito, E. Watanabe, Y. Mayanagi, and H. Koizumi, "Spatial and temporal analysis of human motor activity using noninvasive NIR topography," Med. Phys. 22, 1997-2005 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Widman, R.

M. Dujovny, J. I. Ausman, H. Stoddart, K. V. Slavin, G. D. Lewis, and R. Widman, "Somanetics INVOS-3100 cerebral oximeter," Neurosurgery 34, 935-936 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wilson, B.

T. J. Farrell, M. S. Patterson, and B. Wilson, "A diffusion theory model of spatially resolved, steady-state diffuse reflectance for the noninvasive determination of tissue optical properties in vivo," Med. Phys. 19, 879-888 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wilson, J. R.

D. M. Mancini, L. Bolinger, H. Li, K. Kendrick, B. Chance, and J. R. Wilson, "Validation of near-infrared spectroscopy in humans," J. Appl. Physiol. 77, 2740-2747 (1994).
[PubMed]

Wolf, M.

M. Wolf, M. Ferrari, and V. Quaresima, "Progress of near-infrared spectroscopy and topography for brain and muscle clinical applications," J. Biomed. Opt. 12, 062104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Choi, M. Wolf, V. Toronov, U. Wolf, C. Polzonetti, D. Hueber, L. P. Safonova, R. Gupta, A. Michalos, W. Mantulin, and E. Gratton, "Noninvasive determination of the optical properties of adult brain: near-infrared spectroscopy approach," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 221-229 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Wolf, M. Wolf, J. H. Choi, M. Levi, D. Choudhury, S. Hull, D. Coussirat, L. A. Paunescu, L. P. Safonova, A. Michalos, W. W. Mantulin, and E. Gratton, "Localized irregularities in hemoglobin flow and oxygenation in calf muscle in patients with peripheral vascular disease detected with near-infrared spectrophotometry," J. Vasc. Surg. 37, 1017-1026 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wolf, U.

J. H. Choi, M. Wolf, V. Toronov, U. Wolf, C. Polzonetti, D. Hueber, L. P. Safonova, R. Gupta, A. Michalos, W. Mantulin, and E. Gratton, "Noninvasive determination of the optical properties of adult brain: near-infrared spectroscopy approach," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 221-229 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Wolf, M. Wolf, J. H. Choi, M. Levi, D. Choudhury, S. Hull, D. Coussirat, L. A. Paunescu, L. P. Safonova, A. Michalos, W. W. Mantulin, and E. Gratton, "Localized irregularities in hemoglobin flow and oxygenation in calf muscle in patients with peripheral vascular disease detected with near-infrared spectrophotometry," J. Vasc. Surg. 37, 1017-1026 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamamoto, K.

T. Hamaoka, K. K. McCully, V. Quaresima, K. Yamamoto, and B. Chance, "Near-infrared spectroscopy/ imaging for monitoring muscle oxygenation and oxidative metabolism in healthy and diseased humans," J. Biomed. Opt. 12, 062105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Niwayama, K. Yamamoto, D. Kohata, K. Hirai, N. Kudo, T. Hamaoka, R. Kime, and T. Katsumura, "A 200-channel imaging system of muscle oxygenation using CW near-infrared spectroscopy," IEICE Trans.E 85-D(1), 115-123 (2002).

J. Shao, L. Lin, M. Niwayama, N. Kudo, and K. Yamamoto, "Theoretical and experimental studies on linear and nonlinear algorithms for the measurement of muscle oxygenation using continuous-wave near-infrared spectroscopy," Opt. Eng. 40, 2293-2301 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Niwayama, L. Lin, J. Shao, N. Kudo, and K. Yamamoto, "Quantitative measurement of muscle hemoglobin oxygenation using near-infrared spectroscopy with correction for the influence of a subcutaneous fat layer," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 4571-4575 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, R.

K. Takahashi, S. Ogata, Y. Atsumi, R. Yamamoto, S. Shiotsuka, A. Maki, Y. Yamashita, T. Yamamoto, H. Koizumi, H. Hirasawa, and M. Igawa, "Activation of the visual cortex imaged by 24-channel near-infrared spectroscopy," J. Biomed. Opt. 5, 93-96 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamamoto, T.

K. Takahashi, S. Ogata, Y. Atsumi, R. Yamamoto, S. Shiotsuka, A. Maki, Y. Yamashita, T. Yamamoto, H. Koizumi, H. Hirasawa, and M. Igawa, "Activation of the visual cortex imaged by 24-channel near-infrared spectroscopy," J. Biomed. Opt. 5, 93-96 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamashita, Y.

K. Takahashi, S. Ogata, Y. Atsumi, R. Yamamoto, S. Shiotsuka, A. Maki, Y. Yamashita, T. Yamamoto, H. Koizumi, H. Hirasawa, and M. Igawa, "Activation of the visual cortex imaged by 24-channel near-infrared spectroscopy," J. Biomed. Opt. 5, 93-96 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Maki, Y. Yamashita, Y. Ito, E. Watanabe, Y. Mayanagi, and H. Koizumi, "Spatial and temporal analysis of human motor activity using noninvasive NIR topography," Med. Phys. 22, 1997-2005 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, Y.

Yoshida, H.

Q2. M. Niwayama, S. Sone, H. Murata, H. Yoshida, and S. Shinohara, "Errors in muscle oxygenation measurement using spatially resolved NIRS and its correction," J. Jpn. Coll. Angiol. 47, 17-20 (2007) (in Japanese).

Yoshihisa, T.

Q1. M. Shinohara, M. Kouzaki, T. Yoshihisa, S. Kuno, and T. Fukunaga, "Non-uniformity of muscle oxygenation in the quadriceps muscle during incremental knee extension," Adv. Exerc. Sports Physiol. 5, 79-87 (1999).

Zhang, C.

B. Chance, M. T. Dait, C. Zhang, T. Hamaoka, and F. Hagerman, "Recovery from exercise-induced desaturation in the quadriceps muscles of elite competitive rowers," Am. J. Physiol. 262, C766-C775 (1992).
[PubMed]

Zhang, L. Q.

L. Q. Zhang, G. Z. Wang, G. W. Nuber, J. M. Press, and J. L. Koh, "In vivo load sharing among the quadriceps components," J. Orthop. Res. 21, 565-571 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zinth, W.

Adv. Exerc. Sports Physiol. (1)

Q1. M. Shinohara, M. Kouzaki, T. Yoshihisa, S. Kuno, and T. Fukunaga, "Non-uniformity of muscle oxygenation in the quadriceps muscle during incremental knee extension," Adv. Exerc. Sports Physiol. 5, 79-87 (1999).

Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. (2)

S. Nioka, Q. Luo, and B. Chance, "Human brain functional imaging with reflectance CWS," Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 428, 237-242 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Hamaoka, T. Katsumura, N. Murase, T. Sako, H. Higuchi, M. Murakami, K. Esaki, R. Kime, T. Homma, A. Sugeta, Y. Kurosawa, T. Shimomitsu, and B. Chance, "Muscle oxygen consumption at onset of exercise by near infrared spectroscopy in humans," Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 530, 475-483 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Am. J. Physiol. (2)

B. Chance, M. T. Dait, C. Zhang, T. Hamaoka, and F. Hagerman, "Recovery from exercise-induced desaturation in the quadriceps muscles of elite competitive rowers," Am. J. Physiol. 262, C766-C775 (1992).
[PubMed]

T. K. Tran, N. Sailasuta, U. Kreutzer, R. Hurd, Y. Chung, P. Mole, S. Kuno, and T. Jue, "Comparative analysis of NMR and NIRS measurements of intracellular PO2 in human skeletal muscle," Am. J. Physiol. 276, R1682-R1690 (1999).
[PubMed]

Anal. Biochem. (1)

S. J. Matcher, C. E. Elwell, C. E. Cooper, M. Cope, and D. T. Delpy, "Performance comparison of several published tissue near-infrared spectroscopy algorithms," Anal. Biochem. 227, 54-68 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (1)

V. Quaresima, W. N. Colier, M. van der Sluijs, and M. Ferrari, "Nonuniform quadriceps O2 consumption revealed by near infrared multipoint measurements," Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 285, 1034-1039 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bioimaging (1)

M. Maris, E. Gratton, J. Maier, W. Mantulin, and B. Chance, "Functional near-infrared imaging of deoxygenation hemoglobin during exercise of the finger extensor muscles using the frequency-domain technique," Bioimaging 2, 174-183 (1994).
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E (1)

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Supplementary Material (2)

» Media 1: MOV (767 KB)     
» Media 2: MOV (4000 KB)     

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

A separation-type optical probe of the imaging instrument based on spatially resolved spectroscopy. (a) Top view (LED: light-emitting diode) and (b) cross-sectional view of a probe (PCB: printed circuit board). The operational amplifiers (Op-amp) were placed just behind the photodiodes to reduce external noise.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

An imaging instrument based on spatially resolved spectroscopy. (a) A block diagram of the instrument. A probe-connecting box can be connected to eight probes (1 set), MPX: multiplexer; LED: light-emitting diode; DAC: digital-to-analog converter; DIO: digital input/output channel; ADC: analog-to-digital converter. (b) Appearance of the instrument. Only two probe-connecting boxes and eight probes are shown. The separation-type probes provide flexibility in their arrangement on different sites, enabling simultaneous measurements within a muscle or between several exercising muscles.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Arrangement of probes on measurement sites. (a) Arrangement of probes on the skin surface over the rectus femoris (RF) of the right leg and (b) on the skin surfaces over the RF, the vastus lateralis (VL) and the vastus medialis (VM) of the right leg. Intervals between center of measurement of the VL and center of the patella were about 10 cm and 15 cm in circumferential and longitudinal directions, respectively, whereas those between the VM and center of the patella were about 5 cm and 10 cm, respectively. The probes were placed on the belly of each muscle. Distances between the probes were about 2 cm and 5 cm in lateral and longitudinal directions, respectively.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Simultaneous measurement of O2 saturation by the imaging instrument based on NIRSRS and by a blood gas analyzer (BGA), StO2: tissue oxygen saturation; O2SAT: O2 saturation. The line is least-squares fit to data.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Test of instrument stability on a stable solid phantom and (b) measurement of absorption linearity as a function of ink concentration for a representative probe. (a) The variation in absorption coefficient µa as a function of time was normalized to the average values obtained in the last 15 min of the measurement period. (b) Points represent the average values and the error bars represent the SD (n=4). The solid line (830 nm, r2 =0.99) and broken line (770 nm, r2 =0.99) are linear least-squares fits to data.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Examples of temporal and spatial changes in tissue oxygen saturation (StO2) in the rectus femoris (RF) during isometric knee extension exercise (indicated by Exerc) for 30 s at 20%, 40% and 70% maximum voluntary contraction (MVC). The data shown in (a) were obtained from the proximal region of the RF (probe 3, as indicated in Fig. 3(a)) and those shown in (b) were obtained from the distal region (probe 14). The black arrowheads indicate the times that the StO2 images shown in (c) were generated. (c) Selected imaging results of the spatial distribution of StO2 in the RF during exercise at 20% (left panels), 40% (middle panels) and 70% MVC (right panels). From top to bottom, images obtained at 0 s (start of exercise) and at 10 s, 30 s (end of exercise) and 60 s after the start of exercise are shown. The pseudo-colored bar shows StO2 values from 0% to 80% ((Media 1), 0.77 MB: reproduced at 5 times faster than its original speed) ((Media 2)large version: 3.90 MB).

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Examples of inter-muscular temporal and spatial changes in tissue oxygen saturation (StO2) in the vastus lateralis (VL), rectus femoris (RF) and vastus medialis (VM). The data shown in (a) were obtained during continuous isometric knee extension (KE) for 30 s (indicated by Exerc) at 70% maximum voluntary contraction (MVC). The data shown in (b) were obtained during KE with leg press action (KELP) for 30 s (indicated by Exerc) at 70% MVC. The data shown in (a) and (b) were obtained from the lateral side of the proximal region of the muscles (probes 1, 5 and 9, as indicated in Fig. 3(b)). The black arrowheads indicate the times that the selected StO2 images shown in (c) were generated. (c) Selected imaging results of the spatial distribution of StO2 in the VL, RF and VM during KE (left panels) and during KELP (right panels). From top to bottom, images obtained at 0 s (start of exercise) and at 10 s, 30 s (end of exercise) after the start of exercise are shown. The pseudo-colored bar shows StO2 values from 0% to 80%.

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

S = ln I ρ ln I α ln I β ρ ( μ eff + 2 ρ ) ,
μ eff = 3 μ s μ a ,
μ a = a S 2 + b S + c ,
[ HbO 2 + MbO 2 ] = 1 k ( ε 770 Hb μ a , 830 ε 830 Hb μ a , 770 ) ,
[ Hb + Mb ] = 1 k ( ε 770 HbO 2 μ a , 830 ε 830 HbO 2 μ a , 770 ) ,
[ total ( Hb + Mb ) ] = [ HbO 2 + MbO 2 ] + [ Hb + Mb ] ,
k = ε 830 HbO 2 ε 770 Hb ε 770 HbO 2 ε 830 Hb ,

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