Abstract

This paper proposes a single cell gap transflective patterned vertically aligned liquid crystal mode with the same gamma curve for both reflective and transmissive operation. The gamma curve of the proposed transflective mode is obtained by tuning the chevron-type electrode structure in the reflective part to diminish the difference of the optical polarization path on the Poincare sphere, between the transmissive and reflective parts. Wide-band characteristics can be obtained by using in-cell λ/4 retardation films with different optic axes in the transmissive and reflective parts.

©2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. Oh-e and K. Kondo, “Electro-optical characteristics and switching behavior of the in-plane switching mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3895–3897 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  2. S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe-field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2881–2883 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  3. T. Miyashita, Y. Yamaguchi, and T. Uchida, “Wide-Viewing-Angle Display Mode Using Bend-Alignment Liquid Crystal Cell,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, L177–L179 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  4. J. S. Gwag, K.-H. Park, J. L. Lee, J. C. Kim, and T.-H. Yoon, “Two-Domain Hybrid-Aligned Nematic Cell Fabricated by Ion Beam Treatment of Vertical Alignment Layer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 1875–1878 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  5. J. S. Gwag, J. Fukuda, M. Yoneya, and H. Yokoyama, “In-plane bistable nematic liquid crystal devices based on nanoimprinted surface relief,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 073504 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  6. J. S. Gwag, Y.-J. Lee, M.-E. Kim, J.-H. Kim, J. C. Kim, and T.-H. Yoon, “Viewing angle control mode using nematic bistability,” Opt. Express. 16, 2663–2668 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. H. Y. Kim, Z. Ze, S.-T. Wu, and S. H. Lee, “Wide-view transflective liquid crystal display for mobile applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 231108 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  8. S. H. Lee, K.-H. Park, J. S. Gwag, T.-H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, “A Mutimode-Type Transflective Liquid Crystal Display Using the Hybrid-Aligned Nematic and Parallel Rubbed Vertically Aligned Modes,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 5127–5132 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  9. J. S. Gwag, J. Park, Y.-J. Lee, and J.-H. Kim, “Electro-optical characteristics of reflective liquid crystal mode using π-cell for low power operation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 121103 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  10. Y. J. Lim, J. H. Song, and S. H. Lee, “Transflective Liquid Crystal Display with Single Cell Gap and Single Gamma Curve,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 3080–3081 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  11. Z. Ze, X. Zhu, R. Lu, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, “Transflective liquid crystal display using commonly biased reflectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 221111 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  12. J. H. Hong, Y. J. Lim, M.-H. Lee, S. H. Lee, and S. T. Wu, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a single-cell-gap transflective liquid-crystal display associated with in-plane rotation of liquid crystal driven by a fringe-field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011108 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  13. Y.-J. Lee, T.-H. Lee, J.-W. Jung, H.-R. Kim, Y. Choi, S.-G.. Kang, Y.-C. Yang, S. Shin, and J. H. Hoon, “Transflective Liquid Crystal Display with Single Cell Gap in Patterned Vertically Aligned Mode,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 7827–7830 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  14. Y.-J. Lee, S.-G.. Kang, T.-H. Lee, Y. Choi, H.-R. Kim, and J. H. Hoon, “Wide Viewing Transflective Liquid Crystal Display with a Patterned Electrode,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 476, 213–225 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  15. K. Fujimori, Y. Narutaki, Y. Itoh, N. Kimura, S. Mizushima, Y. Ishii, and M. Hijikigawa, “New Color Filter Structure for Transflective TFT-LCD,” Digest of Technical Papers of 2002 Society for Information Display International Symposium (Society for information Display, Boston, U. S. A, 2002), 1382–1385.
  16. C.-J. Yu, D.-W. Kim, and S.-D. Lee, “Mutimode transflective liquid crystal display with a single cell gap using a self-masking process of photoalignment,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5146–5148 (2004).
    [Crossref]

2008 (2)

J. S. Gwag, Y.-J. Lee, M.-E. Kim, J.-H. Kim, J. C. Kim, and T.-H. Yoon, “Viewing angle control mode using nematic bistability,” Opt. Express. 16, 2663–2668 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. S. Gwag, J. Park, Y.-J. Lee, and J.-H. Kim, “Electro-optical characteristics of reflective liquid crystal mode using π-cell for low power operation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 121103 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (4)

H. Y. Kim, Z. Ze, S.-T. Wu, and S. H. Lee, “Wide-view transflective liquid crystal display for mobile applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 231108 (2007).
[Crossref]

Z. Ze, X. Zhu, R. Lu, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, “Transflective liquid crystal display using commonly biased reflectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 221111 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. S. Gwag, J. Fukuda, M. Yoneya, and H. Yokoyama, “In-plane bistable nematic liquid crystal devices based on nanoimprinted surface relief,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 073504 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y.-J. Lee, S.-G.. Kang, T.-H. Lee, Y. Choi, H.-R. Kim, and J. H. Hoon, “Wide Viewing Transflective Liquid Crystal Display with a Patterned Electrode,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 476, 213–225 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

Y.-J. Lee, T.-H. Lee, J.-W. Jung, H.-R. Kim, Y. Choi, S.-G.. Kang, Y.-C. Yang, S. Shin, and J. H. Hoon, “Transflective Liquid Crystal Display with Single Cell Gap in Patterned Vertically Aligned Mode,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 7827–7830 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (3)

J. H. Hong, Y. J. Lim, M.-H. Lee, S. H. Lee, and S. T. Wu, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a single-cell-gap transflective liquid-crystal display associated with in-plane rotation of liquid crystal driven by a fringe-field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011108 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y. J. Lim, J. H. Song, and S. H. Lee, “Transflective Liquid Crystal Display with Single Cell Gap and Single Gamma Curve,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 3080–3081 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. S. Gwag, K.-H. Park, J. L. Lee, J. C. Kim, and T.-H. Yoon, “Two-Domain Hybrid-Aligned Nematic Cell Fabricated by Ion Beam Treatment of Vertical Alignment Layer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 1875–1878 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

C.-J. Yu, D.-W. Kim, and S.-D. Lee, “Mutimode transflective liquid crystal display with a single cell gap using a self-masking process of photoalignment,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5146–5148 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

S. H. Lee, K.-H. Park, J. S. Gwag, T.-H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, “A Mutimode-Type Transflective Liquid Crystal Display Using the Hybrid-Aligned Nematic and Parallel Rubbed Vertically Aligned Modes,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 5127–5132 (2003).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe-field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2881–2883 (1998).
[Crossref]

1995 (2)

T. Miyashita, Y. Yamaguchi, and T. Uchida, “Wide-Viewing-Angle Display Mode Using Bend-Alignment Liquid Crystal Cell,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, L177–L179 (1995).
[Crossref]

M. Oh-e and K. Kondo, “Electro-optical characteristics and switching behavior of the in-plane switching mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3895–3897 (1995).
[Crossref]

Choi, Y.

Y.-J. Lee, S.-G.. Kang, T.-H. Lee, Y. Choi, H.-R. Kim, and J. H. Hoon, “Wide Viewing Transflective Liquid Crystal Display with a Patterned Electrode,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 476, 213–225 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y.-J. Lee, T.-H. Lee, J.-W. Jung, H.-R. Kim, Y. Choi, S.-G.. Kang, Y.-C. Yang, S. Shin, and J. H. Hoon, “Transflective Liquid Crystal Display with Single Cell Gap in Patterned Vertically Aligned Mode,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 7827–7830 (2006).
[Crossref]

Fujimori, K.

K. Fujimori, Y. Narutaki, Y. Itoh, N. Kimura, S. Mizushima, Y. Ishii, and M. Hijikigawa, “New Color Filter Structure for Transflective TFT-LCD,” Digest of Technical Papers of 2002 Society for Information Display International Symposium (Society for information Display, Boston, U. S. A, 2002), 1382–1385.

Fukuda, J.

J. S. Gwag, J. Fukuda, M. Yoneya, and H. Yokoyama, “In-plane bistable nematic liquid crystal devices based on nanoimprinted surface relief,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 073504 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gwag, J. S.

J. S. Gwag, Y.-J. Lee, M.-E. Kim, J.-H. Kim, J. C. Kim, and T.-H. Yoon, “Viewing angle control mode using nematic bistability,” Opt. Express. 16, 2663–2668 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. S. Gwag, J. Park, Y.-J. Lee, and J.-H. Kim, “Electro-optical characteristics of reflective liquid crystal mode using π-cell for low power operation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 121103 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. S. Gwag, J. Fukuda, M. Yoneya, and H. Yokoyama, “In-plane bistable nematic liquid crystal devices based on nanoimprinted surface relief,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 073504 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. S. Gwag, K.-H. Park, J. L. Lee, J. C. Kim, and T.-H. Yoon, “Two-Domain Hybrid-Aligned Nematic Cell Fabricated by Ion Beam Treatment of Vertical Alignment Layer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 1875–1878 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. H. Lee, K.-H. Park, J. S. Gwag, T.-H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, “A Mutimode-Type Transflective Liquid Crystal Display Using the Hybrid-Aligned Nematic and Parallel Rubbed Vertically Aligned Modes,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 5127–5132 (2003).
[Crossref]

Hijikigawa, M.

K. Fujimori, Y. Narutaki, Y. Itoh, N. Kimura, S. Mizushima, Y. Ishii, and M. Hijikigawa, “New Color Filter Structure for Transflective TFT-LCD,” Digest of Technical Papers of 2002 Society for Information Display International Symposium (Society for information Display, Boston, U. S. A, 2002), 1382–1385.

Hong, J. H.

J. H. Hong, Y. J. Lim, M.-H. Lee, S. H. Lee, and S. T. Wu, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a single-cell-gap transflective liquid-crystal display associated with in-plane rotation of liquid crystal driven by a fringe-field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011108 (2005).
[Crossref]

Hoon, J. H.

Y.-J. Lee, S.-G.. Kang, T.-H. Lee, Y. Choi, H.-R. Kim, and J. H. Hoon, “Wide Viewing Transflective Liquid Crystal Display with a Patterned Electrode,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 476, 213–225 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y.-J. Lee, T.-H. Lee, J.-W. Jung, H.-R. Kim, Y. Choi, S.-G.. Kang, Y.-C. Yang, S. Shin, and J. H. Hoon, “Transflective Liquid Crystal Display with Single Cell Gap in Patterned Vertically Aligned Mode,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 7827–7830 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ishii, Y.

K. Fujimori, Y. Narutaki, Y. Itoh, N. Kimura, S. Mizushima, Y. Ishii, and M. Hijikigawa, “New Color Filter Structure for Transflective TFT-LCD,” Digest of Technical Papers of 2002 Society for Information Display International Symposium (Society for information Display, Boston, U. S. A, 2002), 1382–1385.

Itoh, Y.

K. Fujimori, Y. Narutaki, Y. Itoh, N. Kimura, S. Mizushima, Y. Ishii, and M. Hijikigawa, “New Color Filter Structure for Transflective TFT-LCD,” Digest of Technical Papers of 2002 Society for Information Display International Symposium (Society for information Display, Boston, U. S. A, 2002), 1382–1385.

Jung, J.-W.

Y.-J. Lee, T.-H. Lee, J.-W. Jung, H.-R. Kim, Y. Choi, S.-G.. Kang, Y.-C. Yang, S. Shin, and J. H. Hoon, “Transflective Liquid Crystal Display with Single Cell Gap in Patterned Vertically Aligned Mode,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 7827–7830 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kang, S.-G..

Y.-J. Lee, S.-G.. Kang, T.-H. Lee, Y. Choi, H.-R. Kim, and J. H. Hoon, “Wide Viewing Transflective Liquid Crystal Display with a Patterned Electrode,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 476, 213–225 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y.-J. Lee, T.-H. Lee, J.-W. Jung, H.-R. Kim, Y. Choi, S.-G.. Kang, Y.-C. Yang, S. Shin, and J. H. Hoon, “Transflective Liquid Crystal Display with Single Cell Gap in Patterned Vertically Aligned Mode,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 7827–7830 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kim, D.-W.

C.-J. Yu, D.-W. Kim, and S.-D. Lee, “Mutimode transflective liquid crystal display with a single cell gap using a self-masking process of photoalignment,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5146–5148 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kim, H. Y.

H. Y. Kim, Z. Ze, S.-T. Wu, and S. H. Lee, “Wide-view transflective liquid crystal display for mobile applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 231108 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe-field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2881–2883 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kim, H.-R.

Y.-J. Lee, S.-G.. Kang, T.-H. Lee, Y. Choi, H.-R. Kim, and J. H. Hoon, “Wide Viewing Transflective Liquid Crystal Display with a Patterned Electrode,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 476, 213–225 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y.-J. Lee, T.-H. Lee, J.-W. Jung, H.-R. Kim, Y. Choi, S.-G.. Kang, Y.-C. Yang, S. Shin, and J. H. Hoon, “Transflective Liquid Crystal Display with Single Cell Gap in Patterned Vertically Aligned Mode,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 7827–7830 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kim, J. C.

J. S. Gwag, Y.-J. Lee, M.-E. Kim, J.-H. Kim, J. C. Kim, and T.-H. Yoon, “Viewing angle control mode using nematic bistability,” Opt. Express. 16, 2663–2668 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. S. Gwag, K.-H. Park, J. L. Lee, J. C. Kim, and T.-H. Yoon, “Two-Domain Hybrid-Aligned Nematic Cell Fabricated by Ion Beam Treatment of Vertical Alignment Layer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 1875–1878 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. H. Lee, K.-H. Park, J. S. Gwag, T.-H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, “A Mutimode-Type Transflective Liquid Crystal Display Using the Hybrid-Aligned Nematic and Parallel Rubbed Vertically Aligned Modes,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 5127–5132 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kim, J.-H.

J. S. Gwag, Y.-J. Lee, M.-E. Kim, J.-H. Kim, J. C. Kim, and T.-H. Yoon, “Viewing angle control mode using nematic bistability,” Opt. Express. 16, 2663–2668 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. S. Gwag, J. Park, Y.-J. Lee, and J.-H. Kim, “Electro-optical characteristics of reflective liquid crystal mode using π-cell for low power operation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 121103 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kim, M.-E.

J. S. Gwag, Y.-J. Lee, M.-E. Kim, J.-H. Kim, J. C. Kim, and T.-H. Yoon, “Viewing angle control mode using nematic bistability,” Opt. Express. 16, 2663–2668 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kimura, N.

K. Fujimori, Y. Narutaki, Y. Itoh, N. Kimura, S. Mizushima, Y. Ishii, and M. Hijikigawa, “New Color Filter Structure for Transflective TFT-LCD,” Digest of Technical Papers of 2002 Society for Information Display International Symposium (Society for information Display, Boston, U. S. A, 2002), 1382–1385.

Kondo, K.

M. Oh-e and K. Kondo, “Electro-optical characteristics and switching behavior of the in-plane switching mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3895–3897 (1995).
[Crossref]

Lee, J. L.

J. S. Gwag, K.-H. Park, J. L. Lee, J. C. Kim, and T.-H. Yoon, “Two-Domain Hybrid-Aligned Nematic Cell Fabricated by Ion Beam Treatment of Vertical Alignment Layer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 1875–1878 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lee, M.-H.

J. H. Hong, Y. J. Lim, M.-H. Lee, S. H. Lee, and S. T. Wu, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a single-cell-gap transflective liquid-crystal display associated with in-plane rotation of liquid crystal driven by a fringe-field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011108 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. H.

H. Y. Kim, Z. Ze, S.-T. Wu, and S. H. Lee, “Wide-view transflective liquid crystal display for mobile applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 231108 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. H. Hong, Y. J. Lim, M.-H. Lee, S. H. Lee, and S. T. Wu, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a single-cell-gap transflective liquid-crystal display associated with in-plane rotation of liquid crystal driven by a fringe-field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011108 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y. J. Lim, J. H. Song, and S. H. Lee, “Transflective Liquid Crystal Display with Single Cell Gap and Single Gamma Curve,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 3080–3081 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. H. Lee, K.-H. Park, J. S. Gwag, T.-H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, “A Mutimode-Type Transflective Liquid Crystal Display Using the Hybrid-Aligned Nematic and Parallel Rubbed Vertically Aligned Modes,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 5127–5132 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe-field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2881–2883 (1998).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. L.

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe-field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2881–2883 (1998).
[Crossref]

Lee, S.-D.

C.-J. Yu, D.-W. Kim, and S.-D. Lee, “Mutimode transflective liquid crystal display with a single cell gap using a self-masking process of photoalignment,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5146–5148 (2004).
[Crossref]

Lee, T.-H.

Y.-J. Lee, S.-G.. Kang, T.-H. Lee, Y. Choi, H.-R. Kim, and J. H. Hoon, “Wide Viewing Transflective Liquid Crystal Display with a Patterned Electrode,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 476, 213–225 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y.-J. Lee, T.-H. Lee, J.-W. Jung, H.-R. Kim, Y. Choi, S.-G.. Kang, Y.-C. Yang, S. Shin, and J. H. Hoon, “Transflective Liquid Crystal Display with Single Cell Gap in Patterned Vertically Aligned Mode,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 7827–7830 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lee, Y.-J.

J. S. Gwag, Y.-J. Lee, M.-E. Kim, J.-H. Kim, J. C. Kim, and T.-H. Yoon, “Viewing angle control mode using nematic bistability,” Opt. Express. 16, 2663–2668 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. S. Gwag, J. Park, Y.-J. Lee, and J.-H. Kim, “Electro-optical characteristics of reflective liquid crystal mode using π-cell for low power operation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 121103 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y.-J. Lee, S.-G.. Kang, T.-H. Lee, Y. Choi, H.-R. Kim, and J. H. Hoon, “Wide Viewing Transflective Liquid Crystal Display with a Patterned Electrode,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 476, 213–225 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y.-J. Lee, T.-H. Lee, J.-W. Jung, H.-R. Kim, Y. Choi, S.-G.. Kang, Y.-C. Yang, S. Shin, and J. H. Hoon, “Transflective Liquid Crystal Display with Single Cell Gap in Patterned Vertically Aligned Mode,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 7827–7830 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lim, Y. J.

Y. J. Lim, J. H. Song, and S. H. Lee, “Transflective Liquid Crystal Display with Single Cell Gap and Single Gamma Curve,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 3080–3081 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. H. Hong, Y. J. Lim, M.-H. Lee, S. H. Lee, and S. T. Wu, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a single-cell-gap transflective liquid-crystal display associated with in-plane rotation of liquid crystal driven by a fringe-field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011108 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lu, R.

Z. Ze, X. Zhu, R. Lu, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, “Transflective liquid crystal display using commonly biased reflectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 221111 (2007).
[Crossref]

Miyashita, T.

T. Miyashita, Y. Yamaguchi, and T. Uchida, “Wide-Viewing-Angle Display Mode Using Bend-Alignment Liquid Crystal Cell,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, L177–L179 (1995).
[Crossref]

Mizushima, S.

K. Fujimori, Y. Narutaki, Y. Itoh, N. Kimura, S. Mizushima, Y. Ishii, and M. Hijikigawa, “New Color Filter Structure for Transflective TFT-LCD,” Digest of Technical Papers of 2002 Society for Information Display International Symposium (Society for information Display, Boston, U. S. A, 2002), 1382–1385.

Narutaki, Y.

K. Fujimori, Y. Narutaki, Y. Itoh, N. Kimura, S. Mizushima, Y. Ishii, and M. Hijikigawa, “New Color Filter Structure for Transflective TFT-LCD,” Digest of Technical Papers of 2002 Society for Information Display International Symposium (Society for information Display, Boston, U. S. A, 2002), 1382–1385.

Oh-e, M.

M. Oh-e and K. Kondo, “Electro-optical characteristics and switching behavior of the in-plane switching mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3895–3897 (1995).
[Crossref]

Park, J.

J. S. Gwag, J. Park, Y.-J. Lee, and J.-H. Kim, “Electro-optical characteristics of reflective liquid crystal mode using π-cell for low power operation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 121103 (2008).
[Crossref]

Park, K.-H.

J. S. Gwag, K.-H. Park, J. L. Lee, J. C. Kim, and T.-H. Yoon, “Two-Domain Hybrid-Aligned Nematic Cell Fabricated by Ion Beam Treatment of Vertical Alignment Layer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 1875–1878 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. H. Lee, K.-H. Park, J. S. Gwag, T.-H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, “A Mutimode-Type Transflective Liquid Crystal Display Using the Hybrid-Aligned Nematic and Parallel Rubbed Vertically Aligned Modes,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 5127–5132 (2003).
[Crossref]

Shin, S.

Y.-J. Lee, T.-H. Lee, J.-W. Jung, H.-R. Kim, Y. Choi, S.-G.. Kang, Y.-C. Yang, S. Shin, and J. H. Hoon, “Transflective Liquid Crystal Display with Single Cell Gap in Patterned Vertically Aligned Mode,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 7827–7830 (2006).
[Crossref]

Song, J. H.

Y. J. Lim, J. H. Song, and S. H. Lee, “Transflective Liquid Crystal Display with Single Cell Gap and Single Gamma Curve,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 3080–3081 (2005).
[Crossref]

Uchida, T.

T. Miyashita, Y. Yamaguchi, and T. Uchida, “Wide-Viewing-Angle Display Mode Using Bend-Alignment Liquid Crystal Cell,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, L177–L179 (1995).
[Crossref]

Wu, S. T.

Z. Ze, X. Zhu, R. Lu, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, “Transflective liquid crystal display using commonly biased reflectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 221111 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. H. Hong, Y. J. Lim, M.-H. Lee, S. H. Lee, and S. T. Wu, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a single-cell-gap transflective liquid-crystal display associated with in-plane rotation of liquid crystal driven by a fringe-field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011108 (2005).
[Crossref]

Wu, S.-T.

H. Y. Kim, Z. Ze, S.-T. Wu, and S. H. Lee, “Wide-view transflective liquid crystal display for mobile applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 231108 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wu, T. X.

Z. Ze, X. Zhu, R. Lu, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, “Transflective liquid crystal display using commonly biased reflectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 221111 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yamaguchi, Y.

T. Miyashita, Y. Yamaguchi, and T. Uchida, “Wide-Viewing-Angle Display Mode Using Bend-Alignment Liquid Crystal Cell,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, L177–L179 (1995).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.-C.

Y.-J. Lee, T.-H. Lee, J.-W. Jung, H.-R. Kim, Y. Choi, S.-G.. Kang, Y.-C. Yang, S. Shin, and J. H. Hoon, “Transflective Liquid Crystal Display with Single Cell Gap in Patterned Vertically Aligned Mode,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 7827–7830 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yokoyama, H.

J. S. Gwag, J. Fukuda, M. Yoneya, and H. Yokoyama, “In-plane bistable nematic liquid crystal devices based on nanoimprinted surface relief,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 073504 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yoneya, M.

J. S. Gwag, J. Fukuda, M. Yoneya, and H. Yokoyama, “In-plane bistable nematic liquid crystal devices based on nanoimprinted surface relief,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 073504 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yoon, T.-H.

J. S. Gwag, Y.-J. Lee, M.-E. Kim, J.-H. Kim, J. C. Kim, and T.-H. Yoon, “Viewing angle control mode using nematic bistability,” Opt. Express. 16, 2663–2668 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. S. Gwag, K.-H. Park, J. L. Lee, J. C. Kim, and T.-H. Yoon, “Two-Domain Hybrid-Aligned Nematic Cell Fabricated by Ion Beam Treatment of Vertical Alignment Layer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 1875–1878 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. H. Lee, K.-H. Park, J. S. Gwag, T.-H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, “A Mutimode-Type Transflective Liquid Crystal Display Using the Hybrid-Aligned Nematic and Parallel Rubbed Vertically Aligned Modes,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 5127–5132 (2003).
[Crossref]

Yu, C.-J.

C.-J. Yu, D.-W. Kim, and S.-D. Lee, “Mutimode transflective liquid crystal display with a single cell gap using a self-masking process of photoalignment,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5146–5148 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ze, Z.

Z. Ze, X. Zhu, R. Lu, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, “Transflective liquid crystal display using commonly biased reflectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 221111 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. Y. Kim, Z. Ze, S.-T. Wu, and S. H. Lee, “Wide-view transflective liquid crystal display for mobile applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 231108 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhu, X.

Z. Ze, X. Zhu, R. Lu, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, “Transflective liquid crystal display using commonly biased reflectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 221111 (2007).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (8)

M. Oh-e and K. Kondo, “Electro-optical characteristics and switching behavior of the in-plane switching mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3895–3897 (1995).
[Crossref]

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe-field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2881–2883 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. S. Gwag, J. Fukuda, M. Yoneya, and H. Yokoyama, “In-plane bistable nematic liquid crystal devices based on nanoimprinted surface relief,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 073504 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. Y. Kim, Z. Ze, S.-T. Wu, and S. H. Lee, “Wide-view transflective liquid crystal display for mobile applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 231108 (2007).
[Crossref]

Z. Ze, X. Zhu, R. Lu, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, “Transflective liquid crystal display using commonly biased reflectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 221111 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. H. Hong, Y. J. Lim, M.-H. Lee, S. H. Lee, and S. T. Wu, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a single-cell-gap transflective liquid-crystal display associated with in-plane rotation of liquid crystal driven by a fringe-field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011108 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. S. Gwag, J. Park, Y.-J. Lee, and J.-H. Kim, “Electro-optical characteristics of reflective liquid crystal mode using π-cell for low power operation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 121103 (2008).
[Crossref]

C.-J. Yu, D.-W. Kim, and S.-D. Lee, “Mutimode transflective liquid crystal display with a single cell gap using a self-masking process of photoalignment,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5146–5148 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. Miyashita, Y. Yamaguchi, and T. Uchida, “Wide-Viewing-Angle Display Mode Using Bend-Alignment Liquid Crystal Cell,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, L177–L179 (1995).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (4)

J. S. Gwag, K.-H. Park, J. L. Lee, J. C. Kim, and T.-H. Yoon, “Two-Domain Hybrid-Aligned Nematic Cell Fabricated by Ion Beam Treatment of Vertical Alignment Layer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 1875–1878 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. H. Lee, K.-H. Park, J. S. Gwag, T.-H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, “A Mutimode-Type Transflective Liquid Crystal Display Using the Hybrid-Aligned Nematic and Parallel Rubbed Vertically Aligned Modes,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 5127–5132 (2003).
[Crossref]

Y. J. Lim, J. H. Song, and S. H. Lee, “Transflective Liquid Crystal Display with Single Cell Gap and Single Gamma Curve,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 3080–3081 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y.-J. Lee, T.-H. Lee, J.-W. Jung, H.-R. Kim, Y. Choi, S.-G.. Kang, Y.-C. Yang, S. Shin, and J. H. Hoon, “Transflective Liquid Crystal Display with Single Cell Gap in Patterned Vertically Aligned Mode,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 7827–7830 (2006).
[Crossref]

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (1)

Y.-J. Lee, S.-G.. Kang, T.-H. Lee, Y. Choi, H.-R. Kim, and J. H. Hoon, “Wide Viewing Transflective Liquid Crystal Display with a Patterned Electrode,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 476, 213–225 (2007).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express. (1)

J. S. Gwag, Y.-J. Lee, M.-E. Kim, J.-H. Kim, J. C. Kim, and T.-H. Yoon, “Viewing angle control mode using nematic bistability,” Opt. Express. 16, 2663–2668 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

K. Fujimori, Y. Narutaki, Y. Itoh, N. Kimura, S. Mizushima, Y. Ishii, and M. Hijikigawa, “New Color Filter Structure for Transflective TFT-LCD,” Digest of Technical Papers of 2002 Society for Information Display International Symposium (Society for information Display, Boston, U. S. A, 2002), 1382–1385.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) Schematic diagram of a cross-sectional view of the proposed PVA transflective LCD. (b) Patterned electrode structures in the transmissive and reflective parts.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Simulated and experimental optical dispersion characteristics of the proposed PVA transflective LCD. The results of the dark and bright states in the (a) reflective and (b) transmissive parts are shown. The inset is the polarization path representation on the Poincare sphere, which describes the simple optical principle. ①, ②, ③, and ④ represent the polarization paths of the light when the light passes through each optical component in order.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Electro-optic characteristics with different patterning angles in the reflective part. The orientations of the chevron-type electrode in the reflective part are 52.5°, 50°, and 48° with respect to the top polarizer. The angle is fixed at 75° in the transmissive part.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Calculated viewing angle characteristics of the PVA transflective LCD with compensation films (A-plate and negative C-plate) in the (a) reflective part and in the (b) transmissive part.

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