Abstract

Using finite-difference time-domain method, we investigate photonic crystal slabs consisting of spherical voids or silica beads embedded into a dielectric slab as bio-chemical sensors. We study the dependence of the spectral position of guided-mode resonances on the refractive index of a slab material. The most sensitive design is based on voids filled with analyte. We also study the effects of the slab and analyte thicknesses on guided-mode resonance properties. We eventually demonstrate an aqueous analyte sensor with high sensitivity at visible wavelength as electro-magnetic energy distribution in some guided-mode resonances can be strongly localized in the analyte region.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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2008

2007

2006

I. D. Block, L. L. Chan, and B. T. Cunningham, "Photonic crystal optical biosensor incorporating structured low-index porous dielectric," Sens. Actuators B 120, 187-193 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Ganesh, I. D. Block, and B. T. Cunningham, "Near ultraviolet-wavelength photonic-crystal biosensor with enhanced surface-to-bulk sensitivity ratio," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 023901 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. B. Crozier, V. Lousse, O. Kilic, S. Fan, and O. Solgaard, "Air-bridged photonic crystal slabs at visible and near-infrared wavelengths," Phys. Rev. B 73, 115126 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jian and D. M. Mittlemana, "Characterization of guided resonances in photonic crystal slabs using terahertz time-domain spectroscopy," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 123113-123118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

2004

2003

W. Suh, M. F. Yanik, O. Solgaard, and S. Fan, "Displacement-sensitive photonic crystal structures based on guided resonance in photonic crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1999-2001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

S. Fan and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Analysis of guided resonances in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. B 65, 235112 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Szekeres, O. Kamalin, R. A. Schoonheydt, K Wostyn, K. Clays, A. Persoonsc, and I. Dékány, "Ordering and optical properties of monolayers and multilayers of silica spheres deposited by the Langmuir Blodgett method," J. Mater. Chem. 12, 3268-3274 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Cunningham, P. Li, B. Lin, and J. Pepper, "Colorimetric resonant reflection as a direct biochemical assay technique," Sens. Actuators B 81, 316-328 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Cunningham, B. Lin, J. Qiu, P. Li, J. Pepper, and B. Hugh, "A plastic colorimetric resonant optical biosensor for multiparallel detection of label-free biochemical interactions," Sens. Actuators B 85, 219-226 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

2000

V. Pacradouni, W. J. Mandeville, A. R. Cowan, P. Paddon, and J. F. Young, "Photonic band structure of dielectric membranes periodically textured in two dimensions," Phys. Rev. B,  62, 4204-4206 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

1997

M. Kanskar, P. Paddon, V. Pacradouni, R. Morin, A. Busch, J. F. Young, S. R. Johnson, J. MacKenzie, and T. Tiedje, "Observation of leaky slab modes in an air-bridged semiconductor waveguide with a two-dimensional photonic lattice," Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1438-1440 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

1992

R. Magnusson and S. S. Wang, "New principle for optical filters," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1022-1024 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991

W. Lukosz, "Principle and sensitivities of integrated optical and surface plasmon sensors for direct affinity sensing and immunosensing," Biosens. Bioelectron. 6, 215-225 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Alagappan, G.

Arnold, N.

L. Landström, D. Brodoceanu, N. Arnold, K. Piglmayer, and D. Bäuerle, "Photonic properties of silicon-coated colloidal monolayers," Appl. Phys. A 81, 911-913 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Arts, R.

L. Prodan, R. Hagen, P. Gross, R. Arts, R. Beigang, C. Fallnich, A. Schirmacher, L. Kuipers, and K-J Boller, "Mid-IR transmission of a large-area 2D silicon photonic crystal slab," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41, 135105-135111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Astratov, V. N.

Bäuerle, D.

L. Landström, D. Brodoceanu, N. Arnold, K. Piglmayer, and D. Bäuerle, "Photonic properties of silicon-coated colloidal monolayers," Appl. Phys. A 81, 911-913 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Beigang, R.

L. Prodan, R. Hagen, P. Gross, R. Arts, R. Beigang, C. Fallnich, A. Schirmacher, L. Kuipers, and K-J Boller, "Mid-IR transmission of a large-area 2D silicon photonic crystal slab," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41, 135105-135111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bhat, R.

Block, I. D.

N. Ganesh, I. D. Block, and B. T. Cunningham, "Near ultraviolet-wavelength photonic-crystal biosensor with enhanced surface-to-bulk sensitivity ratio," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 023901 (2006).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Block, L. L. Chan, and B. T. Cunningham, "Photonic crystal optical biosensor incorporating structured low-index porous dielectric," Sens. Actuators B 120, 187-193 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Boller, K-J

L. Prodan, R. Hagen, P. Gross, R. Arts, R. Beigang, C. Fallnich, A. Schirmacher, L. Kuipers, and K-J Boller, "Mid-IR transmission of a large-area 2D silicon photonic crystal slab," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41, 135105-135111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Boroditsky, M.

Brodoceanu, D.

L. Landström, D. Brodoceanu, N. Arnold, K. Piglmayer, and D. Bäuerle, "Photonic properties of silicon-coated colloidal monolayers," Appl. Phys. A 81, 911-913 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Brueck, S. R. J.

O. Levi, M. M. Lee, J. Zhang, V. Lousse, S. R. J. Brueck, S. Fan, and J. S. Harris. "Sensitivity analysis of a photonic crystal structure for index-of-refraction sensing," Proc. SPIE 6447, 2-9 (2007).

Busch, A.

M. Kanskar, P. Paddon, V. Pacradouni, R. Morin, A. Busch, J. F. Young, S. R. Johnson, J. MacKenzie, and T. Tiedje, "Observation of leaky slab modes in an air-bridged semiconductor waveguide with a two-dimensional photonic lattice," Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1438-1440 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bussmann, K.

Carter, M. W.

Casey, J. A.

Chan, L. L.

I. D. Block, L. L. Chan, and B. T. Cunningham, "Photonic crystal optical biosensor incorporating structured low-index porous dielectric," Sens. Actuators B 120, 187-193 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Clays, K.

M. Szekeres, O. Kamalin, R. A. Schoonheydt, K Wostyn, K. Clays, A. Persoonsc, and I. Dékány, "Ordering and optical properties of monolayers and multilayers of silica spheres deposited by the Langmuir Blodgett method," J. Mater. Chem. 12, 3268-3274 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Coccioli, R.

Colvin, V. L.

Cowan, A. R.

A. R. Cowan, P. Paddon, V. Pacradouni, and J. F. Young, "Resonant scattering and mode coupling in two dimensional textured planar waveguides," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 1160-1170 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. Pacradouni, W. J. Mandeville, A. R. Cowan, P. Paddon, and J. F. Young, "Photonic band structure of dielectric membranes periodically textured in two dimensions," Phys. Rev. B,  62, 4204-4206 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Crozier, K. B.

K. B. Crozier, V. Lousse, O. Kilic, S. Fan, and O. Solgaard, "Air-bridged photonic crystal slabs at visible and near-infrared wavelengths," Phys. Rev. B 73, 115126 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Culshaw, I. S.

Cunningham, B.

B. Cunningham, P. Li, B. Lin, and J. Pepper, "Colorimetric resonant reflection as a direct biochemical assay technique," Sens. Actuators B 81, 316-328 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Cunningham, B. Lin, J. Qiu, P. Li, J. Pepper, and B. Hugh, "A plastic colorimetric resonant optical biosensor for multiparallel detection of label-free biochemical interactions," Sens. Actuators B 85, 219-226 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cunningham, B. T.

N. Ganesh, I. D. Block, and B. T. Cunningham, "Near ultraviolet-wavelength photonic-crystal biosensor with enhanced surface-to-bulk sensitivity ratio," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 023901 (2006).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Block, L. L. Chan, and B. T. Cunningham, "Photonic crystal optical biosensor incorporating structured low-index porous dielectric," Sens. Actuators B 120, 187-193 (2006).
[CrossRef]

De la Rue, R. M.

Dékány, I.

M. Szekeres, O. Kamalin, R. A. Schoonheydt, K Wostyn, K. Clays, A. Persoonsc, and I. Dékány, "Ordering and optical properties of monolayers and multilayers of silica spheres deposited by the Langmuir Blodgett method," J. Mater. Chem. 12, 3268-3274 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Eddy, C. R.

Fallnich, C.

L. Prodan, R. Hagen, P. Gross, R. Arts, R. Beigang, C. Fallnich, A. Schirmacher, L. Kuipers, and K-J Boller, "Mid-IR transmission of a large-area 2D silicon photonic crystal slab," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41, 135105-135111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fan, S.

O. Levi, M. M. Lee, J. Zhang, V. Lousse, S. R. J. Brueck, S. Fan, and J. S. Harris. "Sensitivity analysis of a photonic crystal structure for index-of-refraction sensing," Proc. SPIE 6447, 2-9 (2007).

K. B. Crozier, V. Lousse, O. Kilic, S. Fan, and O. Solgaard, "Air-bridged photonic crystal slabs at visible and near-infrared wavelengths," Phys. Rev. B 73, 115126 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. Lousse, W. Suh, O. Kilic, S. Kim, O. Solgaard, and S. Fan, "Angular and polarization properties of a photonic crystal slab mirror," Opt. Express 12, 1575-1582 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Suh, M. F. Yanik, O. Solgaard, and S. Fan, "Displacement-sensitive photonic crystal structures based on guided resonance in photonic crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1999-2001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Fan and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Analysis of guided resonances in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. B 65, 235112 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fehri, M. F.

Ganesh, N.

N. Ganesh, I. D. Block, and B. T. Cunningham, "Near ultraviolet-wavelength photonic-crystal biosensor with enhanced surface-to-bulk sensitivity ratio," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 023901 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gauvreau, B.

Gerken, M.

Geyer, U.

Gross, P.

L. Prodan, R. Hagen, P. Gross, R. Arts, R. Beigang, C. Fallnich, A. Schirmacher, L. Kuipers, and K-J Boller, "Mid-IR transmission of a large-area 2D silicon photonic crystal slab," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41, 135105-135111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hagen, R.

L. Prodan, R. Hagen, P. Gross, R. Arts, R. Beigang, C. Fallnich, A. Schirmacher, L. Kuipers, and K-J Boller, "Mid-IR transmission of a large-area 2D silicon photonic crystal slab," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41, 135105-135111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Harris, J. S.

O. Levi, T. T. Lee, M. M. Lee, S. J. Smith, and J. S. Harris, "Integrated semiconductor optical sensors for cellular and neural imaging," Appl. Opt. 46, 1881-1889 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Levi, M. M. Lee, J. Zhang, V. Lousse, S. R. J. Brueck, S. Fan, and J. S. Harris. "Sensitivity analysis of a photonic crystal structure for index-of-refraction sensing," Proc. SPIE 6447, 2-9 (2007).

Hassani, A.

Henry, R. L.

Holm, R. T.

Horsley, D. A.

Hugh, B.

B. Cunningham, B. Lin, J. Qiu, P. Li, J. Pepper, and B. Hugh, "A plastic colorimetric resonant optical biosensor for multiparallel detection of label-free biochemical interactions," Sens. Actuators B 85, 219-226 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jian, Z.

Z. Jian and D. M. Mittlemana, "Characterization of guided resonances in photonic crystal slabs using terahertz time-domain spectroscopy," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 123113-123118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

S. Fan and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Analysis of guided resonances in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. B 65, 235112 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, S. R.

M. Kanskar, P. Paddon, V. Pacradouni, R. Morin, A. Busch, J. F. Young, S. R. Johnson, J. MacKenzie, and T. Tiedje, "Observation of leaky slab modes in an air-bridged semiconductor waveguide with a two-dimensional photonic lattice," Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1438-1440 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kabashin, A.

Kamalin, O.

M. Szekeres, O. Kamalin, R. A. Schoonheydt, K Wostyn, K. Clays, A. Persoonsc, and I. Dékány, "Ordering and optical properties of monolayers and multilayers of silica spheres deposited by the Langmuir Blodgett method," J. Mater. Chem. 12, 3268-3274 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kanskar, M.

M. Kanskar, P. Paddon, V. Pacradouni, R. Morin, A. Busch, J. F. Young, S. R. Johnson, J. MacKenzie, and T. Tiedje, "Observation of leaky slab modes in an air-bridged semiconductor waveguide with a two-dimensional photonic lattice," Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1438-1440 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kilic, O.

Kim, M.

Kim, S.

Kley, E.

Krauss, T. F.

Kuipers, L.

L. Prodan, R. Hagen, P. Gross, R. Arts, R. Beigang, C. Fallnich, A. Schirmacher, L. Kuipers, and K-J Boller, "Mid-IR transmission of a large-area 2D silicon photonic crystal slab," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41, 135105-135111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Landström, L.

L. Landström, D. Brodoceanu, N. Arnold, K. Piglmayer, and D. Bäuerle, "Photonic properties of silicon-coated colloidal monolayers," Appl. Phys. A 81, 911-913 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, M. M.

O. Levi, M. M. Lee, J. Zhang, V. Lousse, S. R. J. Brueck, S. Fan, and J. S. Harris. "Sensitivity analysis of a photonic crystal structure for index-of-refraction sensing," Proc. SPIE 6447, 2-9 (2007).

O. Levi, T. T. Lee, M. M. Lee, S. J. Smith, and J. S. Harris, "Integrated semiconductor optical sensors for cellular and neural imaging," Appl. Opt. 46, 1881-1889 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, T. T.

Lemmer, U.

Levi, O.

O. Levi, M. M. Lee, J. Zhang, V. Lousse, S. R. J. Brueck, S. Fan, and J. S. Harris. "Sensitivity analysis of a photonic crystal structure for index-of-refraction sensing," Proc. SPIE 6447, 2-9 (2007).

O. Levi, T. T. Lee, M. M. Lee, S. J. Smith, and J. S. Harris, "Integrated semiconductor optical sensors for cellular and neural imaging," Appl. Opt. 46, 1881-1889 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, P.

B. Cunningham, B. Lin, J. Qiu, P. Li, J. Pepper, and B. Hugh, "A plastic colorimetric resonant optical biosensor for multiparallel detection of label-free biochemical interactions," Sens. Actuators B 85, 219-226 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Cunningham, P. Li, B. Lin, and J. Pepper, "Colorimetric resonant reflection as a direct biochemical assay technique," Sens. Actuators B 81, 316-328 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lin, B.

B. Cunningham, P. Li, B. Lin, and J. Pepper, "Colorimetric resonant reflection as a direct biochemical assay technique," Sens. Actuators B 81, 316-328 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Cunningham, B. Lin, J. Qiu, P. Li, J. Pepper, and B. Hugh, "A plastic colorimetric resonant optical biosensor for multiparallel detection of label-free biochemical interactions," Sens. Actuators B 85, 219-226 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lousse, V.

O. Levi, M. M. Lee, J. Zhang, V. Lousse, S. R. J. Brueck, S. Fan, and J. S. Harris. "Sensitivity analysis of a photonic crystal structure for index-of-refraction sensing," Proc. SPIE 6447, 2-9 (2007).

K. B. Crozier, V. Lousse, O. Kilic, S. Fan, and O. Solgaard, "Air-bridged photonic crystal slabs at visible and near-infrared wavelengths," Phys. Rev. B 73, 115126 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. Lousse, W. Suh, O. Kilic, S. Kim, O. Solgaard, and S. Fan, "Angular and polarization properties of a photonic crystal slab mirror," Opt. Express 12, 1575-1582 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lukosz, W.

W. Lukosz, "Principle and sensitivities of integrated optical and surface plasmon sensors for direct affinity sensing and immunosensing," Biosens. Bioelectron. 6, 215-225 (1991).
[CrossRef]

MacKenzie, J.

M. Kanskar, P. Paddon, V. Pacradouni, R. Morin, A. Busch, J. F. Young, S. R. Johnson, J. MacKenzie, and T. Tiedje, "Observation of leaky slab modes in an air-bridged semiconductor waveguide with a two-dimensional photonic lattice," Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1438-1440 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Magnusson, R.

R. Magnusson and S. S. Wang, "New principle for optical filters," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1022-1024 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Mandeville, W. J.

V. Pacradouni, W. J. Mandeville, A. R. Cowan, P. Paddon, and J. F. Young, "Photonic band structure of dielectric membranes periodically textured in two dimensions," Phys. Rev. B,  62, 4204-4206 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mittleman, D. M.

Mittlemana, D. M.

Z. Jian and D. M. Mittlemana, "Characterization of guided resonances in photonic crystal slabs using terahertz time-domain spectroscopy," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 123113-123118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mller, J. G.

Morin, R.

M. Kanskar, P. Paddon, V. Pacradouni, R. Morin, A. Busch, J. F. Young, S. R. Johnson, J. MacKenzie, and T. Tiedje, "Observation of leaky slab modes in an air-bridged semiconductor waveguide with a two-dimensional photonic lattice," Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1438-1440 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Morris, G. M.

Nazirizadeh, Y.

Pacradouni, V.

A. R. Cowan, P. Paddon, V. Pacradouni, and J. F. Young, "Resonant scattering and mode coupling in two dimensional textured planar waveguides," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 1160-1170 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. Pacradouni, W. J. Mandeville, A. R. Cowan, P. Paddon, and J. F. Young, "Photonic band structure of dielectric membranes periodically textured in two dimensions," Phys. Rev. B,  62, 4204-4206 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Kanskar, P. Paddon, V. Pacradouni, R. Morin, A. Busch, J. F. Young, S. R. Johnson, J. MacKenzie, and T. Tiedje, "Observation of leaky slab modes in an air-bridged semiconductor waveguide with a two-dimensional photonic lattice," Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1438-1440 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Paddon, P.

A. R. Cowan, P. Paddon, V. Pacradouni, and J. F. Young, "Resonant scattering and mode coupling in two dimensional textured planar waveguides," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 1160-1170 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. Pacradouni, W. J. Mandeville, A. R. Cowan, P. Paddon, and J. F. Young, "Photonic band structure of dielectric membranes periodically textured in two dimensions," Phys. Rev. B,  62, 4204-4206 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Kanskar, P. Paddon, V. Pacradouni, R. Morin, A. Busch, J. F. Young, S. R. Johnson, J. MacKenzie, and T. Tiedje, "Observation of leaky slab modes in an air-bridged semiconductor waveguide with a two-dimensional photonic lattice," Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1438-1440 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Peng, S.

Pepper, J.

B. Cunningham, P. Li, B. Lin, and J. Pepper, "Colorimetric resonant reflection as a direct biochemical assay technique," Sens. Actuators B 81, 316-328 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Cunningham, B. Lin, J. Qiu, P. Li, J. Pepper, and B. Hugh, "A plastic colorimetric resonant optical biosensor for multiparallel detection of label-free biochemical interactions," Sens. Actuators B 85, 219-226 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Persoonsc, A.

M. Szekeres, O. Kamalin, R. A. Schoonheydt, K Wostyn, K. Clays, A. Persoonsc, and I. Dékány, "Ordering and optical properties of monolayers and multilayers of silica spheres deposited by the Langmuir Blodgett method," J. Mater. Chem. 12, 3268-3274 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Peter, Y.

Piglmayer, K.

L. Landström, D. Brodoceanu, N. Arnold, K. Piglmayer, and D. Bäuerle, "Photonic properties of silicon-coated colloidal monolayers," Appl. Phys. A 81, 911-913 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Prasad, T.

Prodan, L.

L. Prodan, R. Hagen, P. Gross, R. Arts, R. Beigang, C. Fallnich, A. Schirmacher, L. Kuipers, and K-J Boller, "Mid-IR transmission of a large-area 2D silicon photonic crystal slab," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41, 135105-135111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

B. Cunningham, B. Lin, J. Qiu, P. Li, J. Pepper, and B. Hugh, "A plastic colorimetric resonant optical biosensor for multiparallel detection of label-free biochemical interactions," Sens. Actuators B 85, 219-226 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rosenberg, A.

Schelle, D.

Schirmacher, A.

L. Prodan, R. Hagen, P. Gross, R. Arts, R. Beigang, C. Fallnich, A. Schirmacher, L. Kuipers, and K-J Boller, "Mid-IR transmission of a large-area 2D silicon photonic crystal slab," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41, 135105-135111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schoonheydt, R. A.

M. Szekeres, O. Kamalin, R. A. Schoonheydt, K Wostyn, K. Clays, A. Persoonsc, and I. Dékány, "Ordering and optical properties of monolayers and multilayers of silica spheres deposited by the Langmuir Blodgett method," J. Mater. Chem. 12, 3268-3274 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shamamian, V. A.

Skinner, J. L.

Skolnick, M. S.

Skorobogatiy, M. A.

Smith, S. J.

Solgaard, O.

K. B. Crozier, V. Lousse, O. Kilic, S. Fan, and O. Solgaard, "Air-bridged photonic crystal slabs at visible and near-infrared wavelengths," Phys. Rev. B 73, 115126 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. Lousse, W. Suh, O. Kilic, S. Kim, O. Solgaard, and S. Fan, "Angular and polarization properties of a photonic crystal slab mirror," Opt. Express 12, 1575-1582 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Suh, M. F. Yanik, O. Solgaard, and S. Fan, "Displacement-sensitive photonic crystal structures based on guided resonance in photonic crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1999-2001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Stevenson, R. M.

Sudb, A. S.

Suh, W.

Sun, X. W.

Szekeres, M.

M. Szekeres, O. Kamalin, R. A. Schoonheydt, K Wostyn, K. Clays, A. Persoonsc, and I. Dékány, "Ordering and optical properties of monolayers and multilayers of silica spheres deposited by the Langmuir Blodgett method," J. Mater. Chem. 12, 3268-3274 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Talin, A. A.

Tiedje, T.

M. Kanskar, P. Paddon, V. Pacradouni, R. Morin, A. Busch, J. F. Young, S. R. Johnson, J. MacKenzie, and T. Tiedje, "Observation of leaky slab modes in an air-bridged semiconductor waveguide with a two-dimensional photonic lattice," Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1438-1440 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

Vrijen, R.

Wang, S. S.

R. Magnusson and S. S. Wang, "New principle for optical filters," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1022-1024 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Whittaker, D. M.

Wostyn, K

M. Szekeres, O. Kamalin, R. A. Schoonheydt, K Wostyn, K. Clays, A. Persoonsc, and I. Dékány, "Ordering and optical properties of monolayers and multilayers of silica spheres deposited by the Langmuir Blodgett method," J. Mater. Chem. 12, 3268-3274 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yablonovitch, E.

Yanik, M. F.

W. Suh, M. F. Yanik, O. Solgaard, and S. Fan, "Displacement-sensitive photonic crystal structures based on guided resonance in photonic crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1999-2001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Young, J. F.

A. R. Cowan, P. Paddon, V. Pacradouni, and J. F. Young, "Resonant scattering and mode coupling in two dimensional textured planar waveguides," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 1160-1170 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. Pacradouni, W. J. Mandeville, A. R. Cowan, P. Paddon, and J. F. Young, "Photonic band structure of dielectric membranes periodically textured in two dimensions," Phys. Rev. B,  62, 4204-4206 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Kanskar, P. Paddon, V. Pacradouni, R. Morin, A. Busch, J. F. Young, S. R. Johnson, J. MacKenzie, and T. Tiedje, "Observation of leaky slab modes in an air-bridged semiconductor waveguide with a two-dimensional photonic lattice," Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1438-1440 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yu, M. B.

Zhang, J.

O. Levi, M. M. Lee, J. Zhang, V. Lousse, S. R. J. Brueck, S. Fan, and J. S. Harris. "Sensitivity analysis of a photonic crystal structure for index-of-refraction sensing," Proc. SPIE 6447, 2-9 (2007).

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. A

L. Landström, D. Brodoceanu, N. Arnold, K. Piglmayer, and D. Bäuerle, "Photonic properties of silicon-coated colloidal monolayers," Appl. Phys. A 81, 911-913 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

N. Ganesh, I. D. Block, and B. T. Cunningham, "Near ultraviolet-wavelength photonic-crystal biosensor with enhanced surface-to-bulk sensitivity ratio," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 023901 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Magnusson and S. S. Wang, "New principle for optical filters," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1022-1024 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. Kanskar, P. Paddon, V. Pacradouni, R. Morin, A. Busch, J. F. Young, S. R. Johnson, J. MacKenzie, and T. Tiedje, "Observation of leaky slab modes in an air-bridged semiconductor waveguide with a two-dimensional photonic lattice," Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1438-1440 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl.Phys.Lett.

W. Suh, M. F. Yanik, O. Solgaard, and S. Fan, "Displacement-sensitive photonic crystal structures based on guided resonance in photonic crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1999-2001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Biosens. Bioelectron.

W. Lukosz, "Principle and sensitivities of integrated optical and surface plasmon sensors for direct affinity sensing and immunosensing," Biosens. Bioelectron. 6, 215-225 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

Z. Jian and D. M. Mittlemana, "Characterization of guided resonances in photonic crystal slabs using terahertz time-domain spectroscopy," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 123113-123118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Mater. Chem.

M. Szekeres, O. Kamalin, R. A. Schoonheydt, K Wostyn, K. Clays, A. Persoonsc, and I. Dékány, "Ordering and optical properties of monolayers and multilayers of silica spheres deposited by the Langmuir Blodgett method," J. Mater. Chem. 12, 3268-3274 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys.

L. Prodan, R. Hagen, P. Gross, R. Arts, R. Beigang, C. Fallnich, A. Schirmacher, L. Kuipers, and K-J Boller, "Mid-IR transmission of a large-area 2D silicon photonic crystal slab," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41, 135105-135111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

V. Pacradouni, W. J. Mandeville, A. R. Cowan, P. Paddon, and J. F. Young, "Photonic band structure of dielectric membranes periodically textured in two dimensions," Phys. Rev. B,  62, 4204-4206 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Fan and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Analysis of guided resonances in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. B 65, 235112 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. B. Crozier, V. Lousse, O. Kilic, S. Fan, and O. Solgaard, "Air-bridged photonic crystal slabs at visible and near-infrared wavelengths," Phys. Rev. B 73, 115126 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

O. Levi, M. M. Lee, J. Zhang, V. Lousse, S. R. J. Brueck, S. Fan, and J. S. Harris. "Sensitivity analysis of a photonic crystal structure for index-of-refraction sensing," Proc. SPIE 6447, 2-9 (2007).

Sens. Actuators B

B. Cunningham, P. Li, B. Lin, and J. Pepper, "Colorimetric resonant reflection as a direct biochemical assay technique," Sens. Actuators B 81, 316-328 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Cunningham, B. Lin, J. Qiu, P. Li, J. Pepper, and B. Hugh, "A plastic colorimetric resonant optical biosensor for multiparallel detection of label-free biochemical interactions," Sens. Actuators B 85, 219-226 (2002).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Block, L. L. Chan, and B. T. Cunningham, "Photonic crystal optical biosensor incorporating structured low-index porous dielectric," Sens. Actuators B 120, 187-193 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other

O. Levi, M. M. Lee, J. Zhang, V. Lousse, S. R. J. Brueck, S. Fan, and J. S. Harris, "Optical Characterization and Sensitivity Evaluation of Guided-Resonances in Photonic Crystal Slabs for Biosensing Applications," Proc. of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), May 2007.

J. Homola, Surface Plasmon Resonance Based Sensors (Springer, 2006).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Johnson, "Meep", http://ab-initio.mit.edu/wiki/index.php/Meep

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematics of photonic crystal slab sensors based on guided-mode resonances. The area surrounded by yellow dash line denotes a single crystal unit cell. (a) Monolayer silica beads (red) inside a dielectric slab (blue) on substrate (black). The cyan denotes liquid analyte. (b) Monolayer analyte-filled spherical voids (cyan) inside a dielectric slab (blue). (c) Cross section of structures in (a) and (b) in the xy plane.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Reflection spectra from the PhCs featuring silica beads inside a dielectric slab for the various values of slab material refractive index (from 1.1 to 3.3). Solid blue and dashed green curves are respectively for the 1.30 and 1.33 values of the analyte refractive index.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Reflection spectra from the PhCs featuring analyte-filled spherical voids in a dielectric slab for the various values of the slab material refractive index (from 1.0 to 2.8). Solid blue and dashed green curves are respectively for the 1.30 and 1.33 values of the analyte refractive index.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Reflection spectra of five photonic crystal slabs with various cap thicknesses t. Solid blue and dashed green curves are respectively for the 1.30 and 1.33 values of the analyte refractive index.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Distribution of the y component of the electric field for peak 1 and peak 4 across PhC crossection with t=0.2a. The black line denotes the contours of the solid material. In both cases analyte fills the spherical void, as well as the region above it.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Reflection spectra of six PhC slabs with different analyte thicknesses tl : 0.1a, 0.2a, 0.4a, 0.8a, 1.2a, ∞.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Peak position versus normalized thickness tl /a of an analyte. The dashed line denotes the peak position for an infinite analyte.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Distribution of the y component of the electric field for peak 4 across PhC crossection with t=0.2a and various thicknesses of the analyte layer tl : (a) 0.1a, (b) 0.4a, (c) 1.2a, (d) ∞. The black lines denote the contours of the solid material and analyte. In both cases analyte fills the spherical void.

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