Abstract

Magnitude and quantum yield (η) of sun induced chlorophyll fluorescence are determined in widely varying productive waters with chlorophyll concentrations from 2–200 mg/m3. Fluorescence was estimated using linear fitting of in-situ measured surface reflectance with elastic and inelastic reflectance spectra. Elastic reflectance spectra were obtained from Hydrolight simulations with measured absorption and attenuation spectra as inputs. η is then computed based on a depth integrated fluorescence model and compared with Hydrolight calculation results. Despite the large variability of coastal environments examined the η values are found to vary over a relatively narrow range 0.1%–1% with mean values of 0.33%±0.17%.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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2007 (4)

Y. Huot, C. A. Brown, and J. J. Cullen, "Retrieval of phytoplankton biomass from simultaneous inversion of reflectance, the diffuse attenuation coefficient and Sun-induced fluorescence in coastal water," J. Geophys. Res. 112, C06013 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Gilerson1, J. Zhou, S. Hlaing, I. Ioannou, J. Schalles, B. Gross1, F. Moshary, and S. Ahmed, "Fluorescence component in the reflectance spectra from coastal waters. Dependence on water composition," Opt. Express 15, 15702-15721 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A.  Gilerson, J.  Zhou, and R.  Fortich, "Particulate Scattering in Coastal Waters: Chesapeake Bay Study," Sea Technol. 48, 15-18 (2007).

A. Gitelson, J. F. Schalles, and C. M. Hladik, "Remote chlorophyll-a retrieval in turbid, productive estuaries: Chesapeake Bay case study," Remote Sens. Environ. 109, 464-472 (2007).

2006 (3)

M. Chami, E. Marken, J. J. Stamnes, G. Khomenko, and G. Korotaev, "Variability of the relationship between the particulate backscattering coefficient and the volume scattering function measured at fixed angles," J. Geophys. Res. 111, C05013 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Gilerson, J. Zhou, M. Ooa, J. Chowdhary, B. M. Gross, F. Moshary, and S. Ahmed, "Retrieval of fluorescence from reflectance spectra of algae in sea water through polarization discrimination: modeling and experiments," Appl. Opt. 45, 5568-5581 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. G. Fiorani, I. G. Okladnikov, and A. Palucci, "First algorithm for chlorophyll-a retrieved from MODIS-Terra imagery of Sun-induced fluorescence in the Southern Ocean," Int. J. Remote Sens. 27, 3615-3622 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

C. M. Hu, F. E. Muller-Karger, C. Taylor, K. L. Carder, C. Kelble, E. Johns, and C. A. Heil, "Red tide detection and tracing using MODIS fluorescence data: A regional example in SW Florida coastal waters," Remote Sens. Environ. 97, 311-321 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Huot, C. A. Brown, and J. J. Cullen, "New algorithms for MODIS sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence and a comparison with present data products," Limnol Oceanogr. Methods 3, 108-130 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Park and K. Ruddick, "Model of remote-sensing reflectance including bidirectional effects for case 1 and case 2 waters," Appl. Opt. 44, 1236-1249 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

2003 (4)

2002 (2)

D. Pozdnyakov, A. Lyaskovsky, H. Grassl, and L. Pettersson, "Numerical modeling of transpectral processes in natural waters: implication for remote sensing," Int. J. Remote Sensing 23, 1581-1607 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Ciotti, M. R. Lewis, and J. J. Cullen, "Assessment of the relationships between dominant cell size in natural phytoplankton communities and the spectral shape of the absorption coefficient," Limnol. Oceanogr. 47, 404-417 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1999 (2)

J. F. R. Gower, R. Doerffer, and G. A. Borstad, "Interpretation of the 685 peak in water-leaving radiance spectra in terms of fluorescence, absorption and scattering and its observation by MERIS," Int. J. Remote Sensing,  201771-1786 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. R. Gower, R. Doerffer, and G. A. Borstad, "Interpretation of the 685nm peak in the water-leaving radiance spectra in terms of fluorescence, absorption and scattering, and its observation by MERIS," Int. J. Remote Sens. 20, 1771-1786 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

R. J. Olson, A. M. Chekalyuk, and H. M. Sosik, "Phytoplankton photosynthetic characteristics from fluorescence induction assays of individual cells," Liminol. Oceanogr. 41, 1253-1263 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Babin, A. Morel, and B. Gentili, "Remote sensing of sea surface Sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence: consequences of natural variations in the optical characteristics of phytoplankton and the quantum yield of chlorophyll a fluorescence," Int. J. Remote Sens. 17, 2417-2448 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

C. S. Roesler and M. J. Perry, "In situ phytoplankton absorption, fluorescence emission, and particulate backscattering spectra determined from reflectance," J. Geophys. Res. 100, 13279-13294 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Bricaud, M. Babin, A. Morel, and H. Claustre, "Variability in the chlorophyll-specific absorption coefficients of natural phytoplankton: Analysis and parameterization," J. Geophys. Res 100, 13321-13332 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (3)

J. R. V. Zaneveld, J. C. Kitchen, and C. Moore, "The scattering error correction of reflecting-tube absorption meters," Proc. SPIE 2258, 44-55 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Vodacek, S. A. Green, and N. V. Blough, "An experimental model of the solar-stimulated fluorescence of chromophoric dissolved organic matter," Limnol. Oceanogr. 39, 1-11 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, S. K. Hawes, R. G. Steward, T. G. Peacock, and C. O. Davis, "Model for the interpretation of hyperspectral remote-sensing reflectance," Appl. Opt. 33, 5721-5732 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

D. A. Kiefer and W. S. Chamberlin, "Natural fluorescence of chlorophyll a: Relationship to photosynthesis and chlorophyll concentration in the western South Pacific gyre," Limnol Oceanogr. 34, 868-881 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

Abbott, M. R.

Ahmed, S.

Albert, A.

Babin, M.

M. Babin, A. Morel, and B. Gentili, "Remote sensing of sea surface Sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence: consequences of natural variations in the optical characteristics of phytoplankton and the quantum yield of chlorophyll a fluorescence," Int. J. Remote Sens. 17, 2417-2448 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Bricaud, M. Babin, A. Morel, and H. Claustre, "Variability in the chlorophyll-specific absorption coefficients of natural phytoplankton: Analysis and parameterization," J. Geophys. Res 100, 13321-13332 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Blough, N. V.

A. Vodacek, S. A. Green, and N. V. Blough, "An experimental model of the solar-stimulated fluorescence of chromophoric dissolved organic matter," Limnol. Oceanogr. 39, 1-11 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Borstad, G. A.

J. F. R. Gower, R. Doerffer, and G. A. Borstad, "Interpretation of the 685 peak in water-leaving radiance spectra in terms of fluorescence, absorption and scattering and its observation by MERIS," Int. J. Remote Sensing,  201771-1786 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. R. Gower, R. Doerffer, and G. A. Borstad, "Interpretation of the 685nm peak in the water-leaving radiance spectra in terms of fluorescence, absorption and scattering, and its observation by MERIS," Int. J. Remote Sens. 20, 1771-1786 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Boss, E.

Bricaud, A.

A. Bricaud, M. Babin, A. Morel, and H. Claustre, "Variability in the chlorophyll-specific absorption coefficients of natural phytoplankton: Analysis and parameterization," J. Geophys. Res 100, 13321-13332 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Brown, C. A.

Y. Huot, C. A. Brown, and J. J. Cullen, "Retrieval of phytoplankton biomass from simultaneous inversion of reflectance, the diffuse attenuation coefficient and Sun-induced fluorescence in coastal water," J. Geophys. Res. 112, C06013 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Huot, C. A. Brown, and J. J. Cullen, "New algorithms for MODIS sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence and a comparison with present data products," Limnol Oceanogr. Methods 3, 108-130 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Carder, K. L.

Chamberlin, W. S.

D. A. Kiefer and W. S. Chamberlin, "Natural fluorescence of chlorophyll a: Relationship to photosynthesis and chlorophyll concentration in the western South Pacific gyre," Limnol Oceanogr. 34, 868-881 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Chami, M.

M. Chami, E. Marken, J. J. Stamnes, G. Khomenko, and G. Korotaev, "Variability of the relationship between the particulate backscattering coefficient and the volume scattering function measured at fixed angles," J. Geophys. Res. 111, C05013 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chang, G. C.

Chekalyuk, A. M.

R. J. Olson, A. M. Chekalyuk, and H. M. Sosik, "Phytoplankton photosynthetic characteristics from fluorescence induction assays of individual cells," Liminol. Oceanogr. 41, 1253-1263 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chowdhary, J.

Ciotti, A. M.

A. M. Ciotti, M. R. Lewis, and J. J. Cullen, "Assessment of the relationships between dominant cell size in natural phytoplankton communities and the spectral shape of the absorption coefficient," Limnol. Oceanogr. 47, 404-417 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Claustre, H.

A. Bricaud, M. Babin, A. Morel, and H. Claustre, "Variability in the chlorophyll-specific absorption coefficients of natural phytoplankton: Analysis and parameterization," J. Geophys. Res 100, 13321-13332 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Cullen, J. J.

Y. Huot, C. A. Brown, and J. J. Cullen, "Retrieval of phytoplankton biomass from simultaneous inversion of reflectance, the diffuse attenuation coefficient and Sun-induced fluorescence in coastal water," J. Geophys. Res. 112, C06013 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Huot, C. A. Brown, and J. J. Cullen, "New algorithms for MODIS sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence and a comparison with present data products," Limnol Oceanogr. Methods 3, 108-130 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Ciotti, M. R. Lewis, and J. J. Cullen, "Assessment of the relationships between dominant cell size in natural phytoplankton communities and the spectral shape of the absorption coefficient," Limnol. Oceanogr. 47, 404-417 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Davis, C. O.

Dickey, T. D.

Doerffer, R.

J. F. R. Gower, R. Doerffer, and G. A. Borstad, "Interpretation of the 685 peak in water-leaving radiance spectra in terms of fluorescence, absorption and scattering and its observation by MERIS," Int. J. Remote Sensing,  201771-1786 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. R. Gower, R. Doerffer, and G. A. Borstad, "Interpretation of the 685nm peak in the water-leaving radiance spectra in terms of fluorescence, absorption and scattering, and its observation by MERIS," Int. J. Remote Sens. 20, 1771-1786 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Du, K. P.

Esaias, W. E.

Fiorani, I. G.

I. G. Fiorani, I. G. Okladnikov, and A. Palucci, "First algorithm for chlorophyll-a retrieved from MODIS-Terra imagery of Sun-induced fluorescence in the Southern Ocean," Int. J. Remote Sens. 27, 3615-3622 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fortich, R.

A.  Gilerson, J.  Zhou, and R.  Fortich, "Particulate Scattering in Coastal Waters: Chesapeake Bay Study," Sea Technol. 48, 15-18 (2007).

Gentili, B.

S. Maritorena, A. Morel, and B. Gentili, "Determination of the Fluorescence Quantum Yield by Oceanic Phytoplankton in Their Natural Habitat," Appl. Opt. 39, 6725-6737 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Babin, A. Morel, and B. Gentili, "Remote sensing of sea surface Sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence: consequences of natural variations in the optical characteristics of phytoplankton and the quantum yield of chlorophyll a fluorescence," Int. J. Remote Sens. 17, 2417-2448 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gilerson, A.

Gitelson, A.

A. Gitelson, J. F. Schalles, and C. M. Hladik, "Remote chlorophyll-a retrieval in turbid, productive estuaries: Chesapeake Bay case study," Remote Sens. Environ. 109, 464-472 (2007).

Gordon, H. R.

Gower, F. R.

F. R. Gower, R. Doerffer, and G. A. Borstad, "Interpretation of the 685nm peak in the water-leaving radiance spectra in terms of fluorescence, absorption and scattering, and its observation by MERIS," Int. J. Remote Sens. 20, 1771-1786 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gower, J. F. R.

J. F. R. Gower, R. Doerffer, and G. A. Borstad, "Interpretation of the 685 peak in water-leaving radiance spectra in terms of fluorescence, absorption and scattering and its observation by MERIS," Int. J. Remote Sensing,  201771-1786 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Grassl, H.

D. Pozdnyakov, A. Lyaskovsky, H. Grassl, and L. Pettersson, "Numerical modeling of transpectral processes in natural waters: implication for remote sensing," Int. J. Remote Sensing 23, 1581-1607 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Green, S. A.

A. Vodacek, S. A. Green, and N. V. Blough, "An experimental model of the solar-stimulated fluorescence of chromophoric dissolved organic matter," Limnol. Oceanogr. 39, 1-11 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gross, B. M.

Hawes, S. K.

Heil, C. A.

C. M. Hu, F. E. Muller-Karger, C. Taylor, K. L. Carder, C. Kelble, E. Johns, and C. A. Heil, "Red tide detection and tracing using MODIS fluorescence data: A regional example in SW Florida coastal waters," Remote Sens. Environ. 97, 311-321 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hladik, C. M.

A. Gitelson, J. F. Schalles, and C. M. Hladik, "Remote chlorophyll-a retrieval in turbid, productive estuaries: Chesapeake Bay case study," Remote Sens. Environ. 109, 464-472 (2007).

Hoge, F. E.

Hu, C. M.

C. M. Hu, F. E. Muller-Karger, C. Taylor, K. L. Carder, C. Kelble, E. Johns, and C. A. Heil, "Red tide detection and tracing using MODIS fluorescence data: A regional example in SW Florida coastal waters," Remote Sens. Environ. 97, 311-321 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Huot, Y.

Y. Huot, C. A. Brown, and J. J. Cullen, "Retrieval of phytoplankton biomass from simultaneous inversion of reflectance, the diffuse attenuation coefficient and Sun-induced fluorescence in coastal water," J. Geophys. Res. 112, C06013 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Huot, C. A. Brown, and J. J. Cullen, "New algorithms for MODIS sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence and a comparison with present data products," Limnol Oceanogr. Methods 3, 108-130 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Johns, E.

C. M. Hu, F. E. Muller-Karger, C. Taylor, K. L. Carder, C. Kelble, E. Johns, and C. A. Heil, "Red tide detection and tracing using MODIS fluorescence data: A regional example in SW Florida coastal waters," Remote Sens. Environ. 97, 311-321 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kelble, C.

C. M. Hu, F. E. Muller-Karger, C. Taylor, K. L. Carder, C. Kelble, E. Johns, and C. A. Heil, "Red tide detection and tracing using MODIS fluorescence data: A regional example in SW Florida coastal waters," Remote Sens. Environ. 97, 311-321 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Khomenko, G.

M. Chami, E. Marken, J. J. Stamnes, G. Khomenko, and G. Korotaev, "Variability of the relationship between the particulate backscattering coefficient and the volume scattering function measured at fixed angles," J. Geophys. Res. 111, C05013 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kiefer, D. A.

D. A. Kiefer and W. S. Chamberlin, "Natural fluorescence of chlorophyll a: Relationship to photosynthesis and chlorophyll concentration in the western South Pacific gyre," Limnol Oceanogr. 34, 868-881 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kitchen, J. C.

J. R. V. Zaneveld, J. C. Kitchen, and C. Moore, "The scattering error correction of reflecting-tube absorption meters," Proc. SPIE 2258, 44-55 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Korotaev, G.

M. Chami, E. Marken, J. J. Stamnes, G. Khomenko, and G. Korotaev, "Variability of the relationship between the particulate backscattering coefficient and the volume scattering function measured at fixed angles," J. Geophys. Res. 111, C05013 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Z. P.

Letelier, R. M.

Lewis, M. R.

A. M. Ciotti, M. R. Lewis, and J. J. Cullen, "Assessment of the relationships between dominant cell size in natural phytoplankton communities and the spectral shape of the absorption coefficient," Limnol. Oceanogr. 47, 404-417 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lyaskovsky, A.

D. Pozdnyakov, A. Lyaskovsky, H. Grassl, and L. Pettersson, "Numerical modeling of transpectral processes in natural waters: implication for remote sensing," Int. J. Remote Sensing 23, 1581-1607 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lyon, P E.

Maritorena, S.

Marken, E.

M. Chami, E. Marken, J. J. Stamnes, G. Khomenko, and G. Korotaev, "Variability of the relationship between the particulate backscattering coefficient and the volume scattering function measured at fixed angles," J. Geophys. Res. 111, C05013 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mobley, C. D.

Moore, C.

J. R. V. Zaneveld, J. C. Kitchen, and C. Moore, "The scattering error correction of reflecting-tube absorption meters," Proc. SPIE 2258, 44-55 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Morel, A.

S. Maritorena, A. Morel, and B. Gentili, "Determination of the Fluorescence Quantum Yield by Oceanic Phytoplankton in Their Natural Habitat," Appl. Opt. 39, 6725-6737 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Babin, A. Morel, and B. Gentili, "Remote sensing of sea surface Sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence: consequences of natural variations in the optical characteristics of phytoplankton and the quantum yield of chlorophyll a fluorescence," Int. J. Remote Sens. 17, 2417-2448 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Bricaud, M. Babin, A. Morel, and H. Claustre, "Variability in the chlorophyll-specific absorption coefficients of natural phytoplankton: Analysis and parameterization," J. Geophys. Res 100, 13321-13332 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Morrison, J. R.

J. R. Morrison, "In situ determination of the quantum yield of phytoplankton chlorophyll a fluorescence: A simple algorithm, observations and a model," Limnol. Oceanogr. 48, 618-631 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Moshary, F.

Muller-Karger, F. E.

C. M. Hu, F. E. Muller-Karger, C. Taylor, K. L. Carder, C. Kelble, E. Johns, and C. A. Heil, "Red tide detection and tracing using MODIS fluorescence data: A regional example in SW Florida coastal waters," Remote Sens. Environ. 97, 311-321 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Okladnikov, I. G.

I. G. Fiorani, I. G. Okladnikov, and A. Palucci, "First algorithm for chlorophyll-a retrieved from MODIS-Terra imagery of Sun-induced fluorescence in the Southern Ocean," Int. J. Remote Sens. 27, 3615-3622 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Olson, R. J.

R. J. Olson, A. M. Chekalyuk, and H. M. Sosik, "Phytoplankton photosynthetic characteristics from fluorescence induction assays of individual cells," Liminol. Oceanogr. 41, 1253-1263 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ooa, M.

Palucci, A.

I. G. Fiorani, I. G. Okladnikov, and A. Palucci, "First algorithm for chlorophyll-a retrieved from MODIS-Terra imagery of Sun-induced fluorescence in the Southern Ocean," Int. J. Remote Sens. 27, 3615-3622 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Park, Y.

Peacock, T. G.

Pegau, W. S.

Perry, M. J.

C. S. Roesler and M. J. Perry, "In situ phytoplankton absorption, fluorescence emission, and particulate backscattering spectra determined from reflectance," J. Geophys. Res. 100, 13279-13294 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Pettersson, L.

D. Pozdnyakov, A. Lyaskovsky, H. Grassl, and L. Pettersson, "Numerical modeling of transpectral processes in natural waters: implication for remote sensing," Int. J. Remote Sensing 23, 1581-1607 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pozdnyakov, D.

D. Pozdnyakov, A. Lyaskovsky, H. Grassl, and L. Pettersson, "Numerical modeling of transpectral processes in natural waters: implication for remote sensing," Int. J. Remote Sensing 23, 1581-1607 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Roesler, C. S.

C. S. Roesler and M. J. Perry, "In situ phytoplankton absorption, fluorescence emission, and particulate backscattering spectra determined from reflectance," J. Geophys. Res. 100, 13279-13294 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ruddick, K.

Schalles, J. F.

A. Gitelson, J. F. Schalles, and C. M. Hladik, "Remote chlorophyll-a retrieval in turbid, productive estuaries: Chesapeake Bay case study," Remote Sens. Environ. 109, 464-472 (2007).

Sosik, H. M.

R. J. Olson, A. M. Chekalyuk, and H. M. Sosik, "Phytoplankton photosynthetic characteristics from fluorescence induction assays of individual cells," Liminol. Oceanogr. 41, 1253-1263 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Stamnes, J. J.

M. Chami, E. Marken, J. J. Stamnes, G. Khomenko, and G. Korotaev, "Variability of the relationship between the particulate backscattering coefficient and the volume scattering function measured at fixed angles," J. Geophys. Res. 111, C05013 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Steward, R. G.

Swift, R. N.

Taylor, C.

C. M. Hu, F. E. Muller-Karger, C. Taylor, K. L. Carder, C. Kelble, E. Johns, and C. A. Heil, "Red tide detection and tracing using MODIS fluorescence data: A regional example in SW Florida coastal waters," Remote Sens. Environ. 97, 311-321 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vodacek, A.

A. Vodacek, S. A. Green, and N. V. Blough, "An experimental model of the solar-stimulated fluorescence of chromophoric dissolved organic matter," Limnol. Oceanogr. 39, 1-11 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Yungel, J. K.

Zaneveld, J. R. V.

J. R. V. Zaneveld, J. C. Kitchen, and C. Moore, "The scattering error correction of reflecting-tube absorption meters," Proc. SPIE 2258, 44-55 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, J.

Appl. Opt. (8)

.H. R. Gordon, "Diffuse reflectance of the ocean: the theory of its augmentation by chlorophyll a fluorescence," Appl. Opt. 21, 2489- 2492 (1979).

Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, S. K. Hawes, R. G. Steward, T. G. Peacock, and C. O. Davis, "Model for the interpretation of hyperspectral remote-sensing reflectance," Appl. Opt. 33, 5721-5732 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Maritorena, A. Morel, and B. Gentili, "Determination of the Fluorescence Quantum Yield by Oceanic Phytoplankton in Their Natural Habitat," Appl. Opt. 39, 6725-6737 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Chang, T. D. Dickey, C. D. Mobley, E. Boss, and W. S. Pegau, "Toward Closure of Upwelling Radiance in Coastal Waters," Appl. Opt. 42, 1574-1582 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. E. Hoge, P E. Lyon, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, M. R. Abbott, R. M. Letelier, and W. E. Esaias, "Validation of Terra-MODIS phytoplankton chlorophyll fluorescence line height. I. Initial airborne lidar results," Appl. Opt. 42, 2767-2771 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, and K. P. Du, "Effects of Molecular and Particle Scattering on the Model Paramter for Remote Sensing Reflectance," Appl. Opt. 43, 4957-4964 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Park and K. Ruddick, "Model of remote-sensing reflectance including bidirectional effects for case 1 and case 2 waters," Appl. Opt. 44, 1236-1249 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Gilerson, J. Zhou, M. Ooa, J. Chowdhary, B. M. Gross, F. Moshary, and S. Ahmed, "Retrieval of fluorescence from reflectance spectra of algae in sea water through polarization discrimination: modeling and experiments," Appl. Opt. 45, 5568-5581 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Int. J. Remote Sens. (3)

M. Babin, A. Morel, and B. Gentili, "Remote sensing of sea surface Sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence: consequences of natural variations in the optical characteristics of phytoplankton and the quantum yield of chlorophyll a fluorescence," Int. J. Remote Sens. 17, 2417-2448 (1996).
[CrossRef]

I. G. Fiorani, I. G. Okladnikov, and A. Palucci, "First algorithm for chlorophyll-a retrieved from MODIS-Terra imagery of Sun-induced fluorescence in the Southern Ocean," Int. J. Remote Sens. 27, 3615-3622 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. R. Gower, R. Doerffer, and G. A. Borstad, "Interpretation of the 685nm peak in the water-leaving radiance spectra in terms of fluorescence, absorption and scattering, and its observation by MERIS," Int. J. Remote Sens. 20, 1771-1786 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Remote Sensing (2)

D. Pozdnyakov, A. Lyaskovsky, H. Grassl, and L. Pettersson, "Numerical modeling of transpectral processes in natural waters: implication for remote sensing," Int. J. Remote Sensing 23, 1581-1607 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. F. R. Gower, R. Doerffer, and G. A. Borstad, "Interpretation of the 685 peak in water-leaving radiance spectra in terms of fluorescence, absorption and scattering and its observation by MERIS," Int. J. Remote Sensing,  201771-1786 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res (1)

A. Bricaud, M. Babin, A. Morel, and H. Claustre, "Variability in the chlorophyll-specific absorption coefficients of natural phytoplankton: Analysis and parameterization," J. Geophys. Res 100, 13321-13332 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res. (3)

M. Chami, E. Marken, J. J. Stamnes, G. Khomenko, and G. Korotaev, "Variability of the relationship between the particulate backscattering coefficient and the volume scattering function measured at fixed angles," J. Geophys. Res. 111, C05013 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Roesler and M. J. Perry, "In situ phytoplankton absorption, fluorescence emission, and particulate backscattering spectra determined from reflectance," J. Geophys. Res. 100, 13279-13294 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Huot, C. A. Brown, and J. J. Cullen, "Retrieval of phytoplankton biomass from simultaneous inversion of reflectance, the diffuse attenuation coefficient and Sun-induced fluorescence in coastal water," J. Geophys. Res. 112, C06013 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liminol. Oceanogr. (1)

R. J. Olson, A. M. Chekalyuk, and H. M. Sosik, "Phytoplankton photosynthetic characteristics from fluorescence induction assays of individual cells," Liminol. Oceanogr. 41, 1253-1263 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Limnol Oceanogr. (1)

D. A. Kiefer and W. S. Chamberlin, "Natural fluorescence of chlorophyll a: Relationship to photosynthesis and chlorophyll concentration in the western South Pacific gyre," Limnol Oceanogr. 34, 868-881 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Limnol Oceanogr. Methods (1)

Y. Huot, C. A. Brown, and J. J. Cullen, "New algorithms for MODIS sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence and a comparison with present data products," Limnol Oceanogr. Methods 3, 108-130 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Limnol. Oceanogr. (3)

J. R. Morrison, "In situ determination of the quantum yield of phytoplankton chlorophyll a fluorescence: A simple algorithm, observations and a model," Limnol. Oceanogr. 48, 618-631 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Vodacek, S. A. Green, and N. V. Blough, "An experimental model of the solar-stimulated fluorescence of chromophoric dissolved organic matter," Limnol. Oceanogr. 39, 1-11 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Ciotti, M. R. Lewis, and J. J. Cullen, "Assessment of the relationships between dominant cell size in natural phytoplankton communities and the spectral shape of the absorption coefficient," Limnol. Oceanogr. 47, 404-417 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Proc. SPIE (1)

J. R. V. Zaneveld, J. C. Kitchen, and C. Moore, "The scattering error correction of reflecting-tube absorption meters," Proc. SPIE 2258, 44-55 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Remote Sens. Environ. (2)

A. Gitelson, J. F. Schalles, and C. M. Hladik, "Remote chlorophyll-a retrieval in turbid, productive estuaries: Chesapeake Bay case study," Remote Sens. Environ. 109, 464-472 (2007).

C. M. Hu, F. E. Muller-Karger, C. Taylor, K. L. Carder, C. Kelble, E. Johns, and C. A. Heil, "Red tide detection and tracing using MODIS fluorescence data: A regional example in SW Florida coastal waters," Remote Sens. Environ. 97, 311-321 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sea Technol. (1)

A.  Gilerson, J.  Zhou, and R.  Fortich, "Particulate Scattering in Coastal Waters: Chesapeake Bay Study," Sea Technol. 48, 15-18 (2007).

Other (2)

C. D. Mobley, Light and Water: Radiative Transfer in Natural Waters (Academic Press, 1994).

Z. P. Lee, http://www.ioccg.org/groups/OCAG_data.html.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Blue symbols: estimated (685) Lf from Eq. (4) and Eq. (5) vs. that obtained from Hydrolight simulation; red solid: y=x line with η=0.01

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

A typical fitting result of absorption: black solid: a from ac-s meter; black dotted: a from fitting; red: fitted achl and green: fitted adg

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Comparison between the retrieved parameters and measured ones

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Specific absorption of chlorophyll a* chl : a) The obtained a* chl (λ) for all the stations in CB trip b) a* chl (440) vs. C

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

The fitting result for three extreme cases a) algal bloom b) extremely high CDOM level and c) NAP dominant in backscattering. Black: measurement; Green: fitted reflectance; red: fitted elastic scattering component

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Typical fitting result for three stations of CB. Black: measurement; Green: fitted reflectance; red: fitted elastic scattering component

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Comparison of the two stations with different quantum yield for LIS (Black solid: measurement; Green solid: fitted reflectance; red solid: fitted elastic scattering component; black dotted: Hydrolight output using the retrieved parameters)

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

a) Typical spectral distribution of fitting residuals for three stations b) Retrieved backscattering ratio vs. that from Wetlabs package

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Distribution of the retrieved fluorescence quantum yield for a) CB and b) LIS campaign

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. The variations and corresponding median values (bold number in the parenthesis) of the surface optical and water analysis data for each cruise

Equations (11)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

r rs ( λ , 0 ) = L u ( λ , 0 ) E d ( λ , 0 + )
d L f ( λ em ) = G ( λ em ) 4 π η Λ ex a chl ( λ ) · E o ( λ , z ) d λ · exp [ a ( λ em ) z ] dz
E o ( λ , z ) = E o ( λ , 0 ) · exp ( K ( λ ) z )
L f ( λ em ) = G ( λ em ) 4 π η 0 400 700 a chl ( λ ) · E o ( λ , 0 ) · exp [ ( a ( λ em + K ( λ ) ) z ] d λ dz
= G ( λ em ) 4 π η 400 700 a chl ( λ ) · E d ( λ , 0 ) / μ ̅ a ( λ em ) + K ( λ ) d λ
K ( λ ) = 1 . 0547 a ( λ ) + b b ( λ ) cos ( θ s )
a nw = a chl 0 · a chl 0 ( λ ) + a dg 0 exp ( S dg ( λ λ 0 ) ) λ 0 = 400 nm
χ 1 = 1 a ̅ nw 1 M i = 1 M [ a nw ( λ i ) a nw, fit ( λ i ) ] 2
a y = a y 0 exp ( S y ( λ λ 0 ) )
r rs = β · r ̂ rs + f · ϕ ̂
χ 2 = i = 1 M 1 M ( r rs ( λ i ) r rs, fit ( λ i ) r rs ( λ i ) ) 2

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