Abstract

We report two-color two-dimensional Fourier transform electronic spectroscopy obtained using an acousto-optic pulse-shaper in a pump-probe geometry. The two-color setup will facilitate the study of energy transfer between electronic transitions that are widely separated in energy. We demonstrate the method at visible wavelengths on the laser dye LDS750 in acetonitrile. We discuss phase-cycling and polarization schemes to optimize the signal-to-noise ratio in the pump-probe geometry. We also demonstrate that phase-cycling can be used to separate rephasing and nonrephasing signal components.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, “Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy of Electronic Couplings in Photosynthesis,” Nature 434, 625–628 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. T. H. Zhang, C. N. Borca, X. Q. Li, and S. T. Cundiff, “Optical Two-Dimensional Fourier Transform Spectroscopy with Active Interferometric Stabilization,” Opt. Express 13, 7432–7441 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. L. Cowan, J. P. Ogilvie, and R. J. D. Miller, “Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy Using Diffractive Optics Based Phased-Locked Photon Echoes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 386, 184–189 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Brixner, I. V. Stiopkin, and G. R. Fleming, “Tunable Two-Dimensional Femtosecond Spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 29, 884–886 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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  13. S. H. Shim, D. B. Strasfeld, Y. L. Ling, and M. T. Zanni, “Automated 2D IR Spectroscopy Using a Mid-IR Pulse Shaper and Application of This Technology to the Human Islet Amyloid Polypeptide,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 104, 14197–14202 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. T. Brixner and G. Gerber, “Femtosecond Polarization Pulse Shaping,” Opt. Lett. 26, 557–559 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  27. S. A. Kovalenko, N. P. Ernsting, and J. Ruthmann, “Femtosecond Stokes Shift in Styryl Dyes: Solvation or Intramolecular Relaxation?,” J. Chem. Phys. 106, 3504–3511 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  28. D. Keusters and W. S. Warren, “Propagation Effects on the Peak Profile in Two-Dimensional Optical Photon Echo Spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 383, 21–24 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  29. D. Keusters and W. S. Warren, “Effect of Pulse Propagation on the Two-Dimensional Photon Echo Spectrum of Multilevel Systems,” Journal Of Chemical Physics 119, 4478–4489 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  30. M. K. Yetzbacher, N. Belabas, K. A. Kitney, and D. M. Jonas, “Propagation, Beam Geometry, and Detection Distortions of Peak Shapes in Two-Dimensional Fourier Transform Spectra,” J. Chem. Phys.126 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  34. W. P. de Boeij, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, “Heterodyne-Detected Stimulated Photon Echo: Applications to Optical Dynamics in Solution,” Chemical Physics 233, 287–309 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  35. W. P. de Boeij, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, “Ultrafast Solvation Dynamics Explored by Femtosecond Photon Echo Spectroscopies,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 49, 99–123 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (2)

A. Nemeth, F. Milota, T. Mancal, V. Lukes, and H. F. Kauffmann, “Vibronic Modulation of Lineshapes in Two-Dimensional Electronic Spectra,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 459, 94–99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Xiong and M. T. Zanni, “Signal Enhancement and Background Cancellation in Collinear Two-Dimensional Spectroscopies,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1371–1373 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (6)

L. P. DeFlores, R. A. Nicodemus, and A. Tokmakoff, “Two Dimensonal Fourier Transform Spectroscopy in the Pump-Probe Geometry,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2966–2968 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Grumstrup, S.-H. Shim, M. A. Montgomery, N. H. Damrauer, and M. T. Zanni, “Facile Collection of Two-Dimensional Electronic Spectra Using Femtosecond Pulse-Shaping Technology,” Opt. Express 15, 16681–16689 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. L. Read, G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, T. Mancal, T. K. Ahn, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, “Cross-Peak-Specific Two-Dimensional Electronic Spectroscopy,” Proceedings Of The National Academy Of Sciences Of The United States Of America 104, 14203–14208 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Vaughan, T. Hornung, K. W. Stone, and K. A. Nelson, “Coherently Controlled Ultrafast Four-Wave Mixing Spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. A 111, 4873–4883 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Shim, D. B. Strasfeld, Y. L. Ling, and M. T. Zanni, “Automated 2D IR Spectroscopy Using a Mid-IR Pulse Shaper and Application of This Technology to the Human Islet Amyloid Polypeptide,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 104, 14197–14202 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, E. L. Read, T. K. Ahn, T. Mancal, Y. C. Cheng, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, “Evidence for Wavelike Energy Transfer through Quantum Coherence in Photosynthetic Systems,” Nature 446, 782–786 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, “Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy of Electronic Couplings in Photosynthesis,” Nature 434, 625–628 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. H. Zhang, C. N. Borca, X. Q. Li, and S. T. Cundiff, “Optical Two-Dimensional Fourier Transform Spectroscopy with Active Interferometric Stabilization,” Opt. Express 13, 7432–7441 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (3)

T. Brixner, I. V. Stiopkin, and G. R. Fleming, “Tunable Two-Dimensional Femtosecond Spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 29, 884–886 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Keusters and W. S. Warren, “Propagation Effects on the Peak Profile in Two-Dimensional Optical Photon Echo Spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 383, 21–24 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Cowan, J. P. Ogilvie, and R. J. D. Miller, “Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy Using Diffractive Optics Based Phased-Locked Photon Echoes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 386, 184–189 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (5)

P. F. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, “Femtosecond Phase-Coherent Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy,” Science 300, 1553–1555 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Khalil, N. Demirdoven, and A. Tokmakoff, “Coherent 2D IR Spectroscopy: Molecular Structure and Dynamics in Solution,” J. Phys. Chem. A 107, 5258–5279 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Keusters and W. S. Warren, “Effect of Pulse Propagation on the Two-Dimensional Photon Echo Spectrum of Multilevel Systems,” Journal Of Chemical Physics 119, 4478–4489 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Jonas, “Two-Dimensional Femtosecond Spectroscopy,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 54, 425–463 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Dreyer, A. M. Moran, and S. Mukamel, “Tensor Components in Three Pulse Vibrational Echoes of a Rigid Dipeptide,” Bulletin Of The Korean Chemical Society 24, 1091–1096 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (4)

T. Brixner and G. Gerber, “Femtosecond Polarization Pulse Shaping,” Opt. Lett. 26, 557–559 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Hochstrasser, “Two-Dimensional IR-Spectroscopy: Polarization Anisotropy Effects,” Chemical Physics 266, 273–284 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Hybl, A. A. Ferro, and D. M. Jonas, “Two-Dimensional Fourier Transform Electronic Spectroscopy,” J. Chem. Phys. 115, 6606–6622 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. W. A. Ferro, J. D. Hybl, S. M. G. Faeder, and D. M. Jonas, “Experimental Distinction between Phase Shifts and Time Delays: Implications for Femtosecond Spectroscopy and Coherent Control of Chemical Reactions (Vol 111, Pg 10934, 1999),” J. Chem. Phys. 115, 5691–5691 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

A. M. Streltsov, K. D. Moll, A. L. Gaeta, P. Kung, D. Walker, and M. Razeghi, “Pulse Autocorrelation Measurements Based on Two- and Three-Photon Conductivity in a GaN Photodiode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3778–3780 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. M. G. Faeder and D. M. Jonas, “Two-Dimensional Electronic Correlation and Relaxation Spectra: Theory and Model Calculations,” J. Phys. Chem. A 103, 10489–10505 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

W. P. de Boeij, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, “Heterodyne-Detected Stimulated Photon Echo: Applications to Optical Dynamics in Solution,” Chemical Physics 233, 287–309 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. P. de Boeij, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, “Ultrafast Solvation Dynamics Explored by Femtosecond Photon Echo Spectroscopies,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 49, 99–123 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

T. Wilhelm, J. Piel, and E. Riedle, “Sub-20-fs Pulses Tunable across the Visible from a Blue-Pumped Single-Pass Noncollinear Parametric Converter,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1494–1496 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Kovalenko, N. P. Ernsting, and J. Ruthmann, “Femtosecond Stokes Shift in Styryl Dyes: Solvation or Intramolecular Relaxation?,” J. Chem. Phys. 106, 3504–3511 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

M. D. Levenson and G. L. Eesley, “Polarization Selective Optical Heterodyne-Detection for Dramatically Improved Sensitivity in Laser Spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. 19, 1–17 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Ahn, T. K.

G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, E. L. Read, T. K. Ahn, T. Mancal, Y. C. Cheng, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, “Evidence for Wavelike Energy Transfer through Quantum Coherence in Photosynthetic Systems,” Nature 446, 782–786 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. L. Read, G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, T. Mancal, T. K. Ahn, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, “Cross-Peak-Specific Two-Dimensional Electronic Spectroscopy,” Proceedings Of The National Academy Of Sciences Of The United States Of America 104, 14203–14208 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bazan, G. C.

A. M. Moran, J. B. Maddox, J. W. Hong, J. Kim, R. A. Nome, G. C. Bazan, S. Mukamel, and N. F. Scherer, “Optical Coherence and Theoretical Study of the Excitation Dynamics of a Highly Symmetric Cyclophane-Linked Oligophenylenevinylene Dimer,” J. Chem. Phys.124 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Belabas, N.

M. K. Yetzbacher, N. Belabas, K. A. Kitney, and D. M. Jonas, “Propagation, Beam Geometry, and Detection Distortions of Peak Shapes in Two-Dimensional Fourier Transform Spectra,” J. Chem. Phys.126 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Blankenship, R. E.

E. L. Read, G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, T. Mancal, T. K. Ahn, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, “Cross-Peak-Specific Two-Dimensional Electronic Spectroscopy,” Proceedings Of The National Academy Of Sciences Of The United States Of America 104, 14203–14208 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, E. L. Read, T. K. Ahn, T. Mancal, Y. C. Cheng, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, “Evidence for Wavelike Energy Transfer through Quantum Coherence in Photosynthetic Systems,” Nature 446, 782–786 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, “Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy of Electronic Couplings in Photosynthesis,” Nature 434, 625–628 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. E. Blankenship, Molecular Mechanisms of Photosynthesis (Blackwell Science, Oxford, 2002).
[CrossRef]

Borca, C. N.

Brixner, T.

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, “Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy of Electronic Couplings in Photosynthesis,” Nature 434, 625–628 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brixner, I. V. Stiopkin, and G. R. Fleming, “Tunable Two-Dimensional Femtosecond Spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 29, 884–886 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brixner and G. Gerber, “Femtosecond Polarization Pulse Shaping,” Opt. Lett. 26, 557–559 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Butcher, P. N.

P. N. Butcher and D. Cotter, The Elements of Nonlinear Optics (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2003).

Calhoun, T. R.

E. L. Read, G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, T. Mancal, T. K. Ahn, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, “Cross-Peak-Specific Two-Dimensional Electronic Spectroscopy,” Proceedings Of The National Academy Of Sciences Of The United States Of America 104, 14203–14208 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, E. L. Read, T. K. Ahn, T. Mancal, Y. C. Cheng, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, “Evidence for Wavelike Energy Transfer through Quantum Coherence in Photosynthetic Systems,” Nature 446, 782–786 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cheng, Y. C.

G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, E. L. Read, T. K. Ahn, T. Mancal, Y. C. Cheng, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, “Evidence for Wavelike Energy Transfer through Quantum Coherence in Photosynthetic Systems,” Nature 446, 782–786 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cho, M.

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, “Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy of Electronic Couplings in Photosynthesis,” Nature 434, 625–628 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cotter, D.

P. N. Butcher and D. Cotter, The Elements of Nonlinear Optics (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2003).

Cowan, M. L.

M. L. Cowan, J. P. Ogilvie, and R. J. D. Miller, “Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy Using Diffractive Optics Based Phased-Locked Photon Echoes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 386, 184–189 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cundiff, S. T.

Damrauer, N. H.

de Boeij, W. P.

W. P. de Boeij, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, “Ultrafast Solvation Dynamics Explored by Femtosecond Photon Echo Spectroscopies,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 49, 99–123 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. P. de Boeij, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, “Heterodyne-Detected Stimulated Photon Echo: Applications to Optical Dynamics in Solution,” Chemical Physics 233, 287–309 (1998).
[CrossRef]

DeFlores, L. P.

Demirdoven, N.

M. Khalil, N. Demirdoven, and A. Tokmakoff, “Coherent 2D IR Spectroscopy: Molecular Structure and Dynamics in Solution,” J. Phys. Chem. A 107, 5258–5279 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dreyer, J.

J. Dreyer, A. M. Moran, and S. Mukamel, “Tensor Components in Three Pulse Vibrational Echoes of a Rigid Dipeptide,” Bulletin Of The Korean Chemical Society 24, 1091–1096 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Eesley, G. L.

M. D. Levenson and G. L. Eesley, “Polarization Selective Optical Heterodyne-Detection for Dramatically Improved Sensitivity in Laser Spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. 19, 1–17 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Engel, G. S.

E. L. Read, G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, T. Mancal, T. K. Ahn, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, “Cross-Peak-Specific Two-Dimensional Electronic Spectroscopy,” Proceedings Of The National Academy Of Sciences Of The United States Of America 104, 14203–14208 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, E. L. Read, T. K. Ahn, T. Mancal, Y. C. Cheng, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, “Evidence for Wavelike Energy Transfer through Quantum Coherence in Photosynthetic Systems,” Nature 446, 782–786 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ernsting, N. P.

S. A. Kovalenko, N. P. Ernsting, and J. Ruthmann, “Femtosecond Stokes Shift in Styryl Dyes: Solvation or Intramolecular Relaxation?,” J. Chem. Phys. 106, 3504–3511 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Faeder, S. M. G.

A. W. A. Ferro, J. D. Hybl, S. M. G. Faeder, and D. M. Jonas, “Experimental Distinction between Phase Shifts and Time Delays: Implications for Femtosecond Spectroscopy and Coherent Control of Chemical Reactions (Vol 111, Pg 10934, 1999),” J. Chem. Phys. 115, 5691–5691 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. M. G. Faeder and D. M. Jonas, “Two-Dimensional Electronic Correlation and Relaxation Spectra: Theory and Model Calculations,” J. Phys. Chem. A 103, 10489–10505 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ferro, A. A.

J. D. Hybl, A. A. Ferro, and D. M. Jonas, “Two-Dimensional Fourier Transform Electronic Spectroscopy,” J. Chem. Phys. 115, 6606–6622 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ferro, A. W. A.

A. W. A. Ferro, J. D. Hybl, S. M. G. Faeder, and D. M. Jonas, “Experimental Distinction between Phase Shifts and Time Delays: Implications for Femtosecond Spectroscopy and Coherent Control of Chemical Reactions (Vol 111, Pg 10934, 1999),” J. Chem. Phys. 115, 5691–5691 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fleming, G. R.

E. L. Read, G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, T. Mancal, T. K. Ahn, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, “Cross-Peak-Specific Two-Dimensional Electronic Spectroscopy,” Proceedings Of The National Academy Of Sciences Of The United States Of America 104, 14203–14208 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, E. L. Read, T. K. Ahn, T. Mancal, Y. C. Cheng, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, “Evidence for Wavelike Energy Transfer through Quantum Coherence in Photosynthetic Systems,” Nature 446, 782–786 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, “Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy of Electronic Couplings in Photosynthesis,” Nature 434, 625–628 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brixner, I. V. Stiopkin, and G. R. Fleming, “Tunable Two-Dimensional Femtosecond Spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 29, 884–886 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaeta, A. L.

A. M. Streltsov, K. D. Moll, A. L. Gaeta, P. Kung, D. Walker, and M. Razeghi, “Pulse Autocorrelation Measurements Based on Two- and Three-Photon Conductivity in a GaN Photodiode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3778–3780 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gerber, G.

Grumstrup, E. M.

Hochstrasser, R. M.

R. M. Hochstrasser, “Two-Dimensional IR-Spectroscopy: Polarization Anisotropy Effects,” Chemical Physics 266, 273–284 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hong, J. W.

A. M. Moran, J. B. Maddox, J. W. Hong, J. Kim, R. A. Nome, G. C. Bazan, S. Mukamel, and N. F. Scherer, “Optical Coherence and Theoretical Study of the Excitation Dynamics of a Highly Symmetric Cyclophane-Linked Oligophenylenevinylene Dimer,” J. Chem. Phys.124 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hornung, T.

J. C. Vaughan, T. Hornung, K. W. Stone, and K. A. Nelson, “Coherently Controlled Ultrafast Four-Wave Mixing Spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. A 111, 4873–4883 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hybl, J. D.

J. D. Hybl, A. A. Ferro, and D. M. Jonas, “Two-Dimensional Fourier Transform Electronic Spectroscopy,” J. Chem. Phys. 115, 6606–6622 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. W. A. Ferro, J. D. Hybl, S. M. G. Faeder, and D. M. Jonas, “Experimental Distinction between Phase Shifts and Time Delays: Implications for Femtosecond Spectroscopy and Coherent Control of Chemical Reactions (Vol 111, Pg 10934, 1999),” J. Chem. Phys. 115, 5691–5691 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jonas, D. M.

D. M. Jonas, “Two-Dimensional Femtosecond Spectroscopy,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 54, 425–463 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. W. A. Ferro, J. D. Hybl, S. M. G. Faeder, and D. M. Jonas, “Experimental Distinction between Phase Shifts and Time Delays: Implications for Femtosecond Spectroscopy and Coherent Control of Chemical Reactions (Vol 111, Pg 10934, 1999),” J. Chem. Phys. 115, 5691–5691 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Hybl, A. A. Ferro, and D. M. Jonas, “Two-Dimensional Fourier Transform Electronic Spectroscopy,” J. Chem. Phys. 115, 6606–6622 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. M. G. Faeder and D. M. Jonas, “Two-Dimensional Electronic Correlation and Relaxation Spectra: Theory and Model Calculations,” J. Phys. Chem. A 103, 10489–10505 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. K. Yetzbacher, N. Belabas, K. A. Kitney, and D. M. Jonas, “Propagation, Beam Geometry, and Detection Distortions of Peak Shapes in Two-Dimensional Fourier Transform Spectra,” J. Chem. Phys.126 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kauffmann, H. F.

A. Nemeth, F. Milota, T. Mancal, V. Lukes, and H. F. Kauffmann, “Vibronic Modulation of Lineshapes in Two-Dimensional Electronic Spectra,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 459, 94–99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Keusters, D.

D. Keusters and W. S. Warren, “Propagation Effects on the Peak Profile in Two-Dimensional Optical Photon Echo Spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 383, 21–24 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Keusters and W. S. Warren, “Effect of Pulse Propagation on the Two-Dimensional Photon Echo Spectrum of Multilevel Systems,” Journal Of Chemical Physics 119, 4478–4489 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, “Femtosecond Phase-Coherent Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy,” Science 300, 1553–1555 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Khalil, M.

M. Khalil, N. Demirdoven, and A. Tokmakoff, “Coherent 2D IR Spectroscopy: Molecular Structure and Dynamics in Solution,” J. Phys. Chem. A 107, 5258–5279 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.

A. M. Moran, J. B. Maddox, J. W. Hong, J. Kim, R. A. Nome, G. C. Bazan, S. Mukamel, and N. F. Scherer, “Optical Coherence and Theoretical Study of the Excitation Dynamics of a Highly Symmetric Cyclophane-Linked Oligophenylenevinylene Dimer,” J. Chem. Phys.124 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kitney, K. A.

M. K. Yetzbacher, N. Belabas, K. A. Kitney, and D. M. Jonas, “Propagation, Beam Geometry, and Detection Distortions of Peak Shapes in Two-Dimensional Fourier Transform Spectra,” J. Chem. Phys.126 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kovalenko, S. A.

S. A. Kovalenko, N. P. Ernsting, and J. Ruthmann, “Femtosecond Stokes Shift in Styryl Dyes: Solvation or Intramolecular Relaxation?,” J. Chem. Phys. 106, 3504–3511 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kung, P.

A. M. Streltsov, K. D. Moll, A. L. Gaeta, P. Kung, D. Walker, and M. Razeghi, “Pulse Autocorrelation Measurements Based on Two- and Three-Photon Conductivity in a GaN Photodiode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3778–3780 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Levenson, M. D.

M. D. Levenson and G. L. Eesley, “Polarization Selective Optical Heterodyne-Detection for Dramatically Improved Sensitivity in Laser Spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. 19, 1–17 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Li, X. Q.

Ling, Y. L.

S. H. Shim, D. B. Strasfeld, Y. L. Ling, and M. T. Zanni, “Automated 2D IR Spectroscopy Using a Mid-IR Pulse Shaper and Application of This Technology to the Human Islet Amyloid Polypeptide,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 104, 14197–14202 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lott, G. A.

P. F. Tekavec, G. A. Lott, and A. H. Marcus, “Fluorescence-Detected Two-Dimensional Electronic Coherence Spectroscopy by Acousto-Optic Phase Modulation,” J. Chem. Phys.127 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lukes, V.

A. Nemeth, F. Milota, T. Mancal, V. Lukes, and H. F. Kauffmann, “Vibronic Modulation of Lineshapes in Two-Dimensional Electronic Spectra,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 459, 94–99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Maddox, J. B.

A. M. Moran, J. B. Maddox, J. W. Hong, J. Kim, R. A. Nome, G. C. Bazan, S. Mukamel, and N. F. Scherer, “Optical Coherence and Theoretical Study of the Excitation Dynamics of a Highly Symmetric Cyclophane-Linked Oligophenylenevinylene Dimer,” J. Chem. Phys.124 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mancal, T.

A. Nemeth, F. Milota, T. Mancal, V. Lukes, and H. F. Kauffmann, “Vibronic Modulation of Lineshapes in Two-Dimensional Electronic Spectra,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 459, 94–99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, E. L. Read, T. K. Ahn, T. Mancal, Y. C. Cheng, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, “Evidence for Wavelike Energy Transfer through Quantum Coherence in Photosynthetic Systems,” Nature 446, 782–786 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. L. Read, G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, T. Mancal, T. K. Ahn, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, “Cross-Peak-Specific Two-Dimensional Electronic Spectroscopy,” Proceedings Of The National Academy Of Sciences Of The United States Of America 104, 14203–14208 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marcus, A. H.

P. F. Tekavec, G. A. Lott, and A. H. Marcus, “Fluorescence-Detected Two-Dimensional Electronic Coherence Spectroscopy by Acousto-Optic Phase Modulation,” J. Chem. Phys.127 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miller, R. J. D.

M. L. Cowan, J. P. Ogilvie, and R. J. D. Miller, “Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy Using Diffractive Optics Based Phased-Locked Photon Echoes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 386, 184–189 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Milota, F.

A. Nemeth, F. Milota, T. Mancal, V. Lukes, and H. F. Kauffmann, “Vibronic Modulation of Lineshapes in Two-Dimensional Electronic Spectra,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 459, 94–99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Moll, K. D.

A. M. Streltsov, K. D. Moll, A. L. Gaeta, P. Kung, D. Walker, and M. Razeghi, “Pulse Autocorrelation Measurements Based on Two- and Three-Photon Conductivity in a GaN Photodiode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3778–3780 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Montgomery, M. A.

Moran, A. M.

J. Dreyer, A. M. Moran, and S. Mukamel, “Tensor Components in Three Pulse Vibrational Echoes of a Rigid Dipeptide,” Bulletin Of The Korean Chemical Society 24, 1091–1096 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Moran, J. B. Maddox, J. W. Hong, J. Kim, R. A. Nome, G. C. Bazan, S. Mukamel, and N. F. Scherer, “Optical Coherence and Theoretical Study of the Excitation Dynamics of a Highly Symmetric Cyclophane-Linked Oligophenylenevinylene Dimer,” J. Chem. Phys.124 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mukamel, S.

J. Dreyer, A. M. Moran, and S. Mukamel, “Tensor Components in Three Pulse Vibrational Echoes of a Rigid Dipeptide,” Bulletin Of The Korean Chemical Society 24, 1091–1096 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Moran, J. B. Maddox, J. W. Hong, J. Kim, R. A. Nome, G. C. Bazan, S. Mukamel, and N. F. Scherer, “Optical Coherence and Theoretical Study of the Excitation Dynamics of a Highly Symmetric Cyclophane-Linked Oligophenylenevinylene Dimer,” J. Chem. Phys.124 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Mukamel, Principles of Nonlinear Optical Spectroscopy (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1995).

Nelson, K. A.

J. C. Vaughan, T. Hornung, K. W. Stone, and K. A. Nelson, “Coherently Controlled Ultrafast Four-Wave Mixing Spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. A 111, 4873–4883 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nemeth, A.

A. Nemeth, F. Milota, T. Mancal, V. Lukes, and H. F. Kauffmann, “Vibronic Modulation of Lineshapes in Two-Dimensional Electronic Spectra,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 459, 94–99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nicodemus, R. A.

Nome, R. A.

A. M. Moran, J. B. Maddox, J. W. Hong, J. Kim, R. A. Nome, G. C. Bazan, S. Mukamel, and N. F. Scherer, “Optical Coherence and Theoretical Study of the Excitation Dynamics of a Highly Symmetric Cyclophane-Linked Oligophenylenevinylene Dimer,” J. Chem. Phys.124 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ogilvie, J. P.

M. L. Cowan, J. P. Ogilvie, and R. J. D. Miller, “Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy Using Diffractive Optics Based Phased-Locked Photon Echoes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 386, 184–189 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Piel, J.

Pshenichnikov, M. S.

W. P. de Boeij, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, “Ultrafast Solvation Dynamics Explored by Femtosecond Photon Echo Spectroscopies,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 49, 99–123 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. P. de Boeij, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, “Heterodyne-Detected Stimulated Photon Echo: Applications to Optical Dynamics in Solution,” Chemical Physics 233, 287–309 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Razeghi, M.

A. M. Streltsov, K. D. Moll, A. L. Gaeta, P. Kung, D. Walker, and M. Razeghi, “Pulse Autocorrelation Measurements Based on Two- and Three-Photon Conductivity in a GaN Photodiode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3778–3780 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Read, E. L.

E. L. Read, G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, T. Mancal, T. K. Ahn, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, “Cross-Peak-Specific Two-Dimensional Electronic Spectroscopy,” Proceedings Of The National Academy Of Sciences Of The United States Of America 104, 14203–14208 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, E. L. Read, T. K. Ahn, T. Mancal, Y. C. Cheng, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, “Evidence for Wavelike Energy Transfer through Quantum Coherence in Photosynthetic Systems,” Nature 446, 782–786 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Riedle, E.

Ruthmann, J.

S. A. Kovalenko, N. P. Ernsting, and J. Ruthmann, “Femtosecond Stokes Shift in Styryl Dyes: Solvation or Intramolecular Relaxation?,” J. Chem. Phys. 106, 3504–3511 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, N. F.

A. M. Moran, J. B. Maddox, J. W. Hong, J. Kim, R. A. Nome, G. C. Bazan, S. Mukamel, and N. F. Scherer, “Optical Coherence and Theoretical Study of the Excitation Dynamics of a Highly Symmetric Cyclophane-Linked Oligophenylenevinylene Dimer,” J. Chem. Phys.124 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shim, S. H.

S. H. Shim, D. B. Strasfeld, Y. L. Ling, and M. T. Zanni, “Automated 2D IR Spectroscopy Using a Mid-IR Pulse Shaper and Application of This Technology to the Human Islet Amyloid Polypeptide,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 104, 14197–14202 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shim, S.-H.

Stenger, J.

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, “Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy of Electronic Couplings in Photosynthesis,” Nature 434, 625–628 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stiopkin, I. V.

Stone, K. W.

J. C. Vaughan, T. Hornung, K. W. Stone, and K. A. Nelson, “Coherently Controlled Ultrafast Four-Wave Mixing Spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. A 111, 4873–4883 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Strasfeld, D. B.

S. H. Shim, D. B. Strasfeld, Y. L. Ling, and M. T. Zanni, “Automated 2D IR Spectroscopy Using a Mid-IR Pulse Shaper and Application of This Technology to the Human Islet Amyloid Polypeptide,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 104, 14197–14202 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Streltsov, A. M.

A. M. Streltsov, K. D. Moll, A. L. Gaeta, P. Kung, D. Walker, and M. Razeghi, “Pulse Autocorrelation Measurements Based on Two- and Three-Photon Conductivity in a GaN Photodiode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3778–3780 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Suzaki, Y.

P. F. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, “Femtosecond Phase-Coherent Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy,” Science 300, 1553–1555 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tekavec, P. F.

P. F. Tekavec, G. A. Lott, and A. H. Marcus, “Fluorescence-Detected Two-Dimensional Electronic Coherence Spectroscopy by Acousto-Optic Phase Modulation,” J. Chem. Phys.127 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tian, P. F.

P. F. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, “Femtosecond Phase-Coherent Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy,” Science 300, 1553–1555 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tokmakoff, A.

L. P. DeFlores, R. A. Nicodemus, and A. Tokmakoff, “Two Dimensonal Fourier Transform Spectroscopy in the Pump-Probe Geometry,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2966–2968 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Khalil, N. Demirdoven, and A. Tokmakoff, “Coherent 2D IR Spectroscopy: Molecular Structure and Dynamics in Solution,” J. Phys. Chem. A 107, 5258–5279 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vaswani, H. M.

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, “Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy of Electronic Couplings in Photosynthesis,” Nature 434, 625–628 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vaughan, J. C.

J. C. Vaughan, T. Hornung, K. W. Stone, and K. A. Nelson, “Coherently Controlled Ultrafast Four-Wave Mixing Spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. A 111, 4873–4883 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walker, D.

A. M. Streltsov, K. D. Moll, A. L. Gaeta, P. Kung, D. Walker, and M. Razeghi, “Pulse Autocorrelation Measurements Based on Two- and Three-Photon Conductivity in a GaN Photodiode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3778–3780 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Warren, W. S.

D. Keusters and W. S. Warren, “Propagation Effects on the Peak Profile in Two-Dimensional Optical Photon Echo Spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 383, 21–24 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Keusters and W. S. Warren, “Effect of Pulse Propagation on the Two-Dimensional Photon Echo Spectrum of Multilevel Systems,” Journal Of Chemical Physics 119, 4478–4489 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, “Femtosecond Phase-Coherent Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy,” Science 300, 1553–1555 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wiersma, D. A.

W. P. de Boeij, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, “Ultrafast Solvation Dynamics Explored by Femtosecond Photon Echo Spectroscopies,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 49, 99–123 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. P. de Boeij, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, “Heterodyne-Detected Stimulated Photon Echo: Applications to Optical Dynamics in Solution,” Chemical Physics 233, 287–309 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wilhelm, T.

Xiong, W.

Yetzbacher, M. K.

M. K. Yetzbacher, N. Belabas, K. A. Kitney, and D. M. Jonas, “Propagation, Beam Geometry, and Detection Distortions of Peak Shapes in Two-Dimensional Fourier Transform Spectra,” J. Chem. Phys.126 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zanni, M. T.

W. Xiong and M. T. Zanni, “Signal Enhancement and Background Cancellation in Collinear Two-Dimensional Spectroscopies,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1371–1373 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Grumstrup, S.-H. Shim, M. A. Montgomery, N. H. Damrauer, and M. T. Zanni, “Facile Collection of Two-Dimensional Electronic Spectra Using Femtosecond Pulse-Shaping Technology,” Opt. Express 15, 16681–16689 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Shim, D. B. Strasfeld, Y. L. Ling, and M. T. Zanni, “Automated 2D IR Spectroscopy Using a Mid-IR Pulse Shaper and Application of This Technology to the Human Islet Amyloid Polypeptide,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 104, 14197–14202 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, T. H.

Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. (2)

D. M. Jonas, “Two-Dimensional Femtosecond Spectroscopy,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 54, 425–463 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. P. de Boeij, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, “Ultrafast Solvation Dynamics Explored by Femtosecond Photon Echo Spectroscopies,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 49, 99–123 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. (1)

M. D. Levenson and G. L. Eesley, “Polarization Selective Optical Heterodyne-Detection for Dramatically Improved Sensitivity in Laser Spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. 19, 1–17 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. M. Streltsov, K. D. Moll, A. L. Gaeta, P. Kung, D. Walker, and M. Razeghi, “Pulse Autocorrelation Measurements Based on Two- and Three-Photon Conductivity in a GaN Photodiode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3778–3780 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bulletin Of The Korean Chemical Society (1)

J. Dreyer, A. M. Moran, and S. Mukamel, “Tensor Components in Three Pulse Vibrational Echoes of a Rigid Dipeptide,” Bulletin Of The Korean Chemical Society 24, 1091–1096 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (3)

D. Keusters and W. S. Warren, “Propagation Effects on the Peak Profile in Two-Dimensional Optical Photon Echo Spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 383, 21–24 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Cowan, J. P. Ogilvie, and R. J. D. Miller, “Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy Using Diffractive Optics Based Phased-Locked Photon Echoes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 386, 184–189 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Nemeth, F. Milota, T. Mancal, V. Lukes, and H. F. Kauffmann, “Vibronic Modulation of Lineshapes in Two-Dimensional Electronic Spectra,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 459, 94–99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chemical Physics (2)

W. P. de Boeij, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, “Heterodyne-Detected Stimulated Photon Echo: Applications to Optical Dynamics in Solution,” Chemical Physics 233, 287–309 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Hochstrasser, “Two-Dimensional IR-Spectroscopy: Polarization Anisotropy Effects,” Chemical Physics 266, 273–284 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (3)

J. D. Hybl, A. A. Ferro, and D. M. Jonas, “Two-Dimensional Fourier Transform Electronic Spectroscopy,” J. Chem. Phys. 115, 6606–6622 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. W. A. Ferro, J. D. Hybl, S. M. G. Faeder, and D. M. Jonas, “Experimental Distinction between Phase Shifts and Time Delays: Implications for Femtosecond Spectroscopy and Coherent Control of Chemical Reactions (Vol 111, Pg 10934, 1999),” J. Chem. Phys. 115, 5691–5691 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Kovalenko, N. P. Ernsting, and J. Ruthmann, “Femtosecond Stokes Shift in Styryl Dyes: Solvation or Intramolecular Relaxation?,” J. Chem. Phys. 106, 3504–3511 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. A (3)

S. M. G. Faeder and D. M. Jonas, “Two-Dimensional Electronic Correlation and Relaxation Spectra: Theory and Model Calculations,” J. Phys. Chem. A 103, 10489–10505 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Khalil, N. Demirdoven, and A. Tokmakoff, “Coherent 2D IR Spectroscopy: Molecular Structure and Dynamics in Solution,” J. Phys. Chem. A 107, 5258–5279 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Vaughan, T. Hornung, K. W. Stone, and K. A. Nelson, “Coherently Controlled Ultrafast Four-Wave Mixing Spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. A 111, 4873–4883 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Journal Of Chemical Physics (1)

D. Keusters and W. S. Warren, “Effect of Pulse Propagation on the Two-Dimensional Photon Echo Spectrum of Multilevel Systems,” Journal Of Chemical Physics 119, 4478–4489 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, E. L. Read, T. K. Ahn, T. Mancal, Y. C. Cheng, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, “Evidence for Wavelike Energy Transfer through Quantum Coherence in Photosynthetic Systems,” Nature 446, 782–786 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, “Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy of Electronic Couplings in Photosynthesis,” Nature 434, 625–628 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Proceedings Of The National Academy Of Sciences Of The United States Of America (1)

E. L. Read, G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, T. Mancal, T. K. Ahn, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, “Cross-Peak-Specific Two-Dimensional Electronic Spectroscopy,” Proceedings Of The National Academy Of Sciences Of The United States Of America 104, 14203–14208 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Shim, D. B. Strasfeld, Y. L. Ling, and M. T. Zanni, “Automated 2D IR Spectroscopy Using a Mid-IR Pulse Shaper and Application of This Technology to the Human Islet Amyloid Polypeptide,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 104, 14197–14202 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

P. F. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, “Femtosecond Phase-Coherent Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy,” Science 300, 1553–1555 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (6)

P. F. Tekavec, G. A. Lott, and A. H. Marcus, “Fluorescence-Detected Two-Dimensional Electronic Coherence Spectroscopy by Acousto-Optic Phase Modulation,” J. Chem. Phys.127 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. E. Blankenship, Molecular Mechanisms of Photosynthesis (Blackwell Science, Oxford, 2002).
[CrossRef]

M. K. Yetzbacher, N. Belabas, K. A. Kitney, and D. M. Jonas, “Propagation, Beam Geometry, and Detection Distortions of Peak Shapes in Two-Dimensional Fourier Transform Spectra,” J. Chem. Phys.126 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. N. Butcher and D. Cotter, The Elements of Nonlinear Optics (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2003).

A. M. Moran, J. B. Maddox, J. W. Hong, J. Kim, R. A. Nome, G. C. Bazan, S. Mukamel, and N. F. Scherer, “Optical Coherence and Theoretical Study of the Excitation Dynamics of a Highly Symmetric Cyclophane-Linked Oligophenylenevinylene Dimer,” J. Chem. Phys.124 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Mukamel, Principles of Nonlinear Optical Spectroscopy (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1995).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup for two-color 2DES in the pump-probe geometry. Two independently tunable noncollinear optical parametric amplifiers provide pump and probe pulses. The probe pulse is compressed with a prism compressor (PC) and the pump pulses are compressed with the Dazzler pulse-shaper. The Dazzler also creates the first two excitation pulses separated by an arbitrary delay t 1. The inset shows the pulse sequence at the sample and the different polarization schemes employed.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Real (absorptive), (b) Imaginary and (c) Absolute value components of the 2D spectrum of LDS750 in acetonitrile at t 2=500 fs. Data is taken in using polarization scheme ii).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Improved SNR achieved with different polarization schemes for LDS750 in acetonitrile at t 2=300 fs. a) Absorptive 2D spectrum for the parallel polarization configuration (scheme i). b) Absorptive 2D spectrum for the 45° polarization configuration (scheme ii)).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Separation of the rephasing and nonrephasing contributions for LDS750 in acetonitrile at t 2=500 fs taken using polarization scheme ii). The columns contain real, imaginary and absolute value spectra as indicated. Top row: components of the rephasing signal. Middle row: components of the nonrephasing signal. Bottom row: addition of the rephasing and nonrephasing signals.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

R ( t 3 , t 2 , t 1 ) = R ( R ) ( t 3 , t 2 , t 1 ) + R ( N R ) ( t 3 , t 2 , t 1 )
S ( ω 3 , t 2 , t 1 ) E 3 ( ω 3 ) + i ω 3 [ P 3 ( 1 ) ( ω 3 ) + P s 2 D ( 2 ) ( ω 3 , t 2 , t 1 ) + P p p 1 ( 3 ) ( ω 3 , t 2 , t 1 ) + P p p 2 ( 3 ) ( ω 3 , t 2 , t 1 ) ] 2
P s ( 3 ) ( ω 3 , t 2 , t 1 ) i 3 0 d t 3 e i ω 3 t 3 [ R ( R ) ( t 3 , t 2 , t 1 ) e i ( ϕ 2 ϕ 1 + ϕ 3 ) + R ( N R ) ( t 3 , t 2 , t 1 ) e i ( ϕ 1 ϕ 2 + ϕ 3 ) ] + cc .
S ( ω 3 , t 2 , t 1 ) I m [ E 3 * ( ω 3 ) P s 2 D ( 3 ) ( ω 3 , t 2 , t 1 ) ] R e [ E 3 * ( ω 3 ) { R ( R ) ( ω 3 , t 2 , t 1 ) e i ϕϕ 12 + R ( NR ) ( ω 3 , t 2 , t 1 ) e i ϕ 12 } ]
S 0 ° ' ( t 3 , t 2 , t 1 ) R ( R ) ( t 3 , t 2 , t 1 ) + R ( NR ) ( t 3 , t 2 , t 1 )
S 90 ° ' ( t 3 , t 2 , t 1 ) i R ( R ) ( t 3 , t 2 , t 1 ) + i R ( NR ) ( t 3 , t 2 , t 1 )

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