Abstract

We report two-color two-dimensional Fourier transform electronic spectroscopy obtained using an acousto-optic pulse-shaper in a pump-probe geometry. The two-color setup will facilitate the study of energy transfer between electronic transitions that are widely separated in energy. We demonstrate the method at visible wavelengths on the laser dye LDS750 in acetonitrile. We discuss phase-cycling and polarization schemes to optimize the signal-to-noise ratio in the pump-probe geometry. We also demonstrate that phase-cycling can be used to separate rephasing and nonrephasing signal components.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, E. L. Read, T. K. Ahn, T. Mancal, Y. C. Cheng, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, "Evidence for Wavelike Energy Transfer through Quantum Coherence in Photosynthetic Systems," Nature 446, 782-786 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, "Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy of Electronic Couplings in Photosynthesis," Nature 434, 625-628 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. T. H. Zhang, C. N. Borca, X. Q. Li, and S. T. Cundiff, "Optical Two-Dimensional Fourier Transform Spectroscopy with Active Interferometric Stabilization," Opt. Express 13, 7432-7441 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. L. Cowan, J. P. Ogilvie, and R. J. D. Miller, "Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy Using Diffractive Optics Based Phased-Locked Photon Echoes," Chem. Phys. Lett. 386, 184-189 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Brixner, I. V. Stiopkin, and G. R. Fleming, "Tunable Two-Dimensional Femtosecond Spectroscopy," Opt. Lett. 29, 884-886 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. P. F. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, "Femtosecond Phase-Coherent Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy," Science 300, 1553-1555 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. P. F. Tekavec, G. A. Lott, and A. H. Marcus, "Fluorescence-Detected Two-Dimensional Electronic Coherence Spectroscopy by Acousto-Optic Phase Modulation," J. Chem. Phys. 127 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. C. Vaughan, T. Hornung, K. W. Stone, and K. A. Nelson, "Coherently Controlled Ultrafast Four-Wave Mixing Spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. A 111, 4873-4883 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. R. E. Blankenship, Molecular Mechanisms of Photosynthesis (Blackwell Science, Oxford, 2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. M. G. Faeder and D. M. Jonas, "Two-Dimensional Electronic Correlation and Relaxation Spectra: Theory and Model Calculations," J. Phys. Chem. A 103, 10489-10505 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. D. Hybl, A. A. Ferro, and D. M. Jonas, "Two-Dimensional Fourier Transform Electronic Spectroscopy," J. Chem. Phys. 115, 6606-6622 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Khalil, N. Demirdoven, and A. Tokmakoff, "Coherent 2D IR Spectroscopy: Molecular Structure and Dynamics in Solution," J. Phys. Chem. A 107, 5258-5279 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. H. Shim, D. B. Strasfeld, Y. L. Ling, and M. T. Zanni, "Automated 2D IR Spectroscopy Using a Mid-IR Pulse Shaper and Application of This Technology to the Human Islet Amyloid Polypeptide," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 104, 14197-14202 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. L. P. DeFlores, R. A. Nicodemus, and A. Tokmakoff, "Two Dimensonal Fourier Transform Spectroscopy in the Pump-Probe Geometry," Opt. Lett. 32, 2966-2968 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. E. M. Grumstrup, S.-H. Shim, M. A. Montgomery, N. H. Damrauer, and M. T. Zanni, "Facile Collection of Two-Dimensional Electronic Spectra Using Femtosecond Pulse-Shaping Technology," Opt. Express 15, 16681-16689 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. W. Xiong and M. T. Zanni, "Signal Enhancement and Background Cancellation in Collinear Two-Dimensional Spectroscopies," Opt. Lett. 33, 1371-1373 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. A. M. Moran, J. B. Maddox, J. W. Hong, J. Kim, R. A. Nome, G. C. Bazan, S. Mukamel, and N. F. Scherer, "Optical Coherence and Theoretical Study of the Excitation Dynamics of a Highly Symmetric Cyclophane-Linked Oligophenylenevinylene Dimer," J. Chem. Phys. 124 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. T. Wilhelm, J. Piel, and E. Riedle, "Sub-20-fs Pulses Tunable across the Visible from a Blue-Pumped Single-Pass Noncollinear Parametric Converter," Opt. Lett. 22, 1494-1496 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  19. A. W. A. Ferro, J. D. Hybl, S. M. G. Faeder, and D. M. Jonas, "Experimental Distinction between Phase Shifts and Time Delays: Implications for Femtosecond Spectroscopy and Coherent Control of Chemical Reactions (Vol 111, Pg 10934, 1999)," J. Chem. Phys. 115, 5691-5691 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  20. A. M. Streltsov, K. D. Moll, A. L. Gaeta, P. Kung, D. Walker, and M. Razeghi, "Pulse Autocorrelation Measurements Based on Two- and Three-Photon Conductivity in a GaN Photodiode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3778-3780 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  21. M. D. Levenson and G. L. Eesley, "Polarization Selective Optical Heterodyne-Detection for Dramatically Improved Sensitivity in Laser Spectroscopy," Appl. Phys. 19, 1-17 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  22. P. N. Butcher and D. Cotter, The Elements of Nonlinear Optics (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2003).
  23. R. M. Hochstrasser, "Two-Dimensional IR-Spectroscopy: Polarization Anisotropy Effects," Chem. Phys. 266, 273-284 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  24. J. Dreyer, A. M. Moran, and S. Mukamel, "Tensor Components in Three Pulse Vibrational Echoes of a Rigid Dipeptide," Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 24, 1091-1096 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  25. E. L. Read, G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, T. Mancal, T. K. Ahn, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, "Cross-Peak-Specific Two-Dimensional Electronic Spectroscopy," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.USA 104, 14203-14208 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. T. Brixner and G. Gerber, "Femtosecond Polarization Pulse Shaping," Opt. Lett. 26, 557-559 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  27. S. A. Kovalenko, N. P. Ernsting, and J. Ruthmann, "Femtosecond Stokes Shift in Styryl Dyes: Solvation or Intramolecular Relaxation?," J. Chem. Phys. 106, 3504-3511 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  28. D. Keusters and W. S. Warren, "Propagation Effects on the Peak Profile in Two-Dimensional Optical Photon Echo Spectroscopy," Chem. Phys. Lett. 383, 21-24 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  29. D. Keusters and W. S. Warren, "Effect of Pulse Propagation on the Two-Dimensional Photon Echo Spectrum of Multilevel Systems," J. Chem. Phys. 119, 4478-4489 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  30. M. K. Yetzbacher, N. Belabas, K. A. Kitney, and D. M. Jonas, "Propagation, Beam Geometry, and Detection Distortions of Peak Shapes in Two-Dimensional Fourier Transform Spectra," J. Chem. Phys. 126, (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. D. M. Jonas, "Two-Dimensional Femtosecond Spectroscopy," Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 54, 425-463 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. S. Mukamel, Principles of Nonlinear Optical Spectroscopy (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1995).
  33. A. Nemeth, F. Milota, T. Mancal, V. Lukes, and H. F. Kauffmann, "Vibronic Modulation of Lineshapes in Two-Dimensional Electronic Spectra," Chem. Phys. Lett. 459, 94-99 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  34. W. P. de Boeij, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, "Heterodyne-Detected Stimulated Photon Echo: Applications to Optical Dynamics in Solution," Chemical Physics 233, 287-309 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  35. W. P. de Boeij, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, "Ultrafast Solvation Dynamics Explored by Femtosecond Photon Echo Spectroscopies," Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 49, 99-123 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (2)

A. Nemeth, F. Milota, T. Mancal, V. Lukes, and H. F. Kauffmann, "Vibronic Modulation of Lineshapes in Two-Dimensional Electronic Spectra," Chem. Phys. Lett. 459, 94-99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Xiong and M. T. Zanni, "Signal Enhancement and Background Cancellation in Collinear Two-Dimensional Spectroscopies," Opt. Lett. 33, 1371-1373 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (8)

L. P. DeFlores, R. A. Nicodemus, and A. Tokmakoff, "Two Dimensonal Fourier Transform Spectroscopy in the Pump-Probe Geometry," Opt. Lett. 32, 2966-2968 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Grumstrup, S.-H. Shim, M. A. Montgomery, N. H. Damrauer, and M. T. Zanni, "Facile Collection of Two-Dimensional Electronic Spectra Using Femtosecond Pulse-Shaping Technology," Opt. Express 15, 16681-16689 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. F. Tekavec, G. A. Lott, and A. H. Marcus, "Fluorescence-Detected Two-Dimensional Electronic Coherence Spectroscopy by Acousto-Optic Phase Modulation," J. Chem. Phys. 127 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Vaughan, T. Hornung, K. W. Stone, and K. A. Nelson, "Coherently Controlled Ultrafast Four-Wave Mixing Spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. A 111, 4873-4883 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Shim, D. B. Strasfeld, Y. L. Ling, and M. T. Zanni, "Automated 2D IR Spectroscopy Using a Mid-IR Pulse Shaper and Application of This Technology to the Human Islet Amyloid Polypeptide," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 104, 14197-14202 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, E. L. Read, T. K. Ahn, T. Mancal, Y. C. Cheng, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, "Evidence for Wavelike Energy Transfer through Quantum Coherence in Photosynthetic Systems," Nature 446, 782-786 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. L. Read, G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, T. Mancal, T. K. Ahn, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, "Cross-Peak-Specific Two-Dimensional Electronic Spectroscopy," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.USA 104, 14203-14208 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. K. Yetzbacher, N. Belabas, K. A. Kitney, and D. M. Jonas, "Propagation, Beam Geometry, and Detection Distortions of Peak Shapes in Two-Dimensional Fourier Transform Spectra," J. Chem. Phys. 126, (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

A. M. Moran, J. B. Maddox, J. W. Hong, J. Kim, R. A. Nome, G. C. Bazan, S. Mukamel, and N. F. Scherer, "Optical Coherence and Theoretical Study of the Excitation Dynamics of a Highly Symmetric Cyclophane-Linked Oligophenylenevinylene Dimer," J. Chem. Phys. 124 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

T. H. Zhang, C. N. Borca, X. Q. Li, and S. T. Cundiff, "Optical Two-Dimensional Fourier Transform Spectroscopy with Active Interferometric Stabilization," Opt. Express 13, 7432-7441 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, "Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy of Electronic Couplings in Photosynthesis," Nature 434, 625-628 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (3)

M. L. Cowan, J. P. Ogilvie, and R. J. D. Miller, "Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy Using Diffractive Optics Based Phased-Locked Photon Echoes," Chem. Phys. Lett. 386, 184-189 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Keusters and W. S. Warren, "Propagation Effects on the Peak Profile in Two-Dimensional Optical Photon Echo Spectroscopy," Chem. Phys. Lett. 383, 21-24 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Brixner, I. V. Stiopkin, and G. R. Fleming, "Tunable Two-Dimensional Femtosecond Spectroscopy," Opt. Lett. 29, 884-886 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (5)

J. Dreyer, A. M. Moran, and S. Mukamel, "Tensor Components in Three Pulse Vibrational Echoes of a Rigid Dipeptide," Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 24, 1091-1096 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Keusters and W. S. Warren, "Effect of Pulse Propagation on the Two-Dimensional Photon Echo Spectrum of Multilevel Systems," J. Chem. Phys. 119, 4478-4489 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Jonas, "Two-Dimensional Femtosecond Spectroscopy," Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 54, 425-463 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Khalil, N. Demirdoven, and A. Tokmakoff, "Coherent 2D IR Spectroscopy: Molecular Structure and Dynamics in Solution," J. Phys. Chem. A 107, 5258-5279 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, "Femtosecond Phase-Coherent Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy," Science 300, 1553-1555 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (4)

J. D. Hybl, A. A. Ferro, and D. M. Jonas, "Two-Dimensional Fourier Transform Electronic Spectroscopy," J. Chem. Phys. 115, 6606-6622 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. W. A. Ferro, J. D. Hybl, S. M. G. Faeder, and D. M. Jonas, "Experimental Distinction between Phase Shifts and Time Delays: Implications for Femtosecond Spectroscopy and Coherent Control of Chemical Reactions (Vol 111, Pg 10934, 1999)," J. Chem. Phys. 115, 5691-5691 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Hochstrasser, "Two-Dimensional IR-Spectroscopy: Polarization Anisotropy Effects," Chem. Phys. 266, 273-284 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Brixner and G. Gerber, "Femtosecond Polarization Pulse Shaping," Opt. Lett. 26, 557-559 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

A. M. Streltsov, K. D. Moll, A. L. Gaeta, P. Kung, D. Walker, and M. Razeghi, "Pulse Autocorrelation Measurements Based on Two- and Three-Photon Conductivity in a GaN Photodiode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3778-3780 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. M. G. Faeder and D. M. Jonas, "Two-Dimensional Electronic Correlation and Relaxation Spectra: Theory and Model Calculations," J. Phys. Chem. A 103, 10489-10505 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

W. P. de Boeij, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, "Heterodyne-Detected Stimulated Photon Echo: Applications to Optical Dynamics in Solution," Chemical Physics 233, 287-309 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. P. de Boeij, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, "Ultrafast Solvation Dynamics Explored by Femtosecond Photon Echo Spectroscopies," Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 49, 99-123 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

T. Wilhelm, J. Piel, and E. Riedle, "Sub-20-fs Pulses Tunable across the Visible from a Blue-Pumped Single-Pass Noncollinear Parametric Converter," Opt. Lett. 22, 1494-1496 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Kovalenko, N. P. Ernsting, and J. Ruthmann, "Femtosecond Stokes Shift in Styryl Dyes: Solvation or Intramolecular Relaxation?," J. Chem. Phys. 106, 3504-3511 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

M. D. Levenson and G. L. Eesley, "Polarization Selective Optical Heterodyne-Detection for Dramatically Improved Sensitivity in Laser Spectroscopy," Appl. Phys. 19, 1-17 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Ahn, T. K.

G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, E. L. Read, T. K. Ahn, T. Mancal, Y. C. Cheng, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, "Evidence for Wavelike Energy Transfer through Quantum Coherence in Photosynthetic Systems," Nature 446, 782-786 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. L. Read, G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, T. Mancal, T. K. Ahn, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, "Cross-Peak-Specific Two-Dimensional Electronic Spectroscopy," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.USA 104, 14203-14208 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bazan, G. C.

A. M. Moran, J. B. Maddox, J. W. Hong, J. Kim, R. A. Nome, G. C. Bazan, S. Mukamel, and N. F. Scherer, "Optical Coherence and Theoretical Study of the Excitation Dynamics of a Highly Symmetric Cyclophane-Linked Oligophenylenevinylene Dimer," J. Chem. Phys. 124 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Belabas, N.

M. K. Yetzbacher, N. Belabas, K. A. Kitney, and D. M. Jonas, "Propagation, Beam Geometry, and Detection Distortions of Peak Shapes in Two-Dimensional Fourier Transform Spectra," J. Chem. Phys. 126, (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Blankenship, R. E.

E. L. Read, G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, T. Mancal, T. K. Ahn, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, "Cross-Peak-Specific Two-Dimensional Electronic Spectroscopy," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.USA 104, 14203-14208 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, E. L. Read, T. K. Ahn, T. Mancal, Y. C. Cheng, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, "Evidence for Wavelike Energy Transfer through Quantum Coherence in Photosynthetic Systems," Nature 446, 782-786 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, "Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy of Electronic Couplings in Photosynthesis," Nature 434, 625-628 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Borca, C. N.

Brixner, T.

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, "Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy of Electronic Couplings in Photosynthesis," Nature 434, 625-628 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brixner, I. V. Stiopkin, and G. R. Fleming, "Tunable Two-Dimensional Femtosecond Spectroscopy," Opt. Lett. 29, 884-886 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brixner and G. Gerber, "Femtosecond Polarization Pulse Shaping," Opt. Lett. 26, 557-559 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Calhoun, T. R.

G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, E. L. Read, T. K. Ahn, T. Mancal, Y. C. Cheng, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, "Evidence for Wavelike Energy Transfer through Quantum Coherence in Photosynthetic Systems," Nature 446, 782-786 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. L. Read, G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, T. Mancal, T. K. Ahn, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, "Cross-Peak-Specific Two-Dimensional Electronic Spectroscopy," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.USA 104, 14203-14208 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cheng, Y. C.

G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, E. L. Read, T. K. Ahn, T. Mancal, Y. C. Cheng, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, "Evidence for Wavelike Energy Transfer through Quantum Coherence in Photosynthetic Systems," Nature 446, 782-786 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cho, M.

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, "Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy of Electronic Couplings in Photosynthesis," Nature 434, 625-628 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cowan, M. L.

M. L. Cowan, J. P. Ogilvie, and R. J. D. Miller, "Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy Using Diffractive Optics Based Phased-Locked Photon Echoes," Chem. Phys. Lett. 386, 184-189 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cundiff, S. T.

Damrauer, N. H.

de Boeij, W. P.

W. P. de Boeij, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, "Heterodyne-Detected Stimulated Photon Echo: Applications to Optical Dynamics in Solution," Chemical Physics 233, 287-309 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. P. de Boeij, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, "Ultrafast Solvation Dynamics Explored by Femtosecond Photon Echo Spectroscopies," Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 49, 99-123 (1998).
[CrossRef]

DeFlores, L. P.

Demirdoven, N.

M. Khalil, N. Demirdoven, and A. Tokmakoff, "Coherent 2D IR Spectroscopy: Molecular Structure and Dynamics in Solution," J. Phys. Chem. A 107, 5258-5279 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dreyer, J.

J. Dreyer, A. M. Moran, and S. Mukamel, "Tensor Components in Three Pulse Vibrational Echoes of a Rigid Dipeptide," Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 24, 1091-1096 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Eesley, G. L.

M. D. Levenson and G. L. Eesley, "Polarization Selective Optical Heterodyne-Detection for Dramatically Improved Sensitivity in Laser Spectroscopy," Appl. Phys. 19, 1-17 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Engel, G. S.

G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, E. L. Read, T. K. Ahn, T. Mancal, Y. C. Cheng, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, "Evidence for Wavelike Energy Transfer through Quantum Coherence in Photosynthetic Systems," Nature 446, 782-786 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. L. Read, G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, T. Mancal, T. K. Ahn, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, "Cross-Peak-Specific Two-Dimensional Electronic Spectroscopy," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.USA 104, 14203-14208 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ernsting, N. P.

S. A. Kovalenko, N. P. Ernsting, and J. Ruthmann, "Femtosecond Stokes Shift in Styryl Dyes: Solvation or Intramolecular Relaxation?," J. Chem. Phys. 106, 3504-3511 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Faeder, S. M. G.

A. W. A. Ferro, J. D. Hybl, S. M. G. Faeder, and D. M. Jonas, "Experimental Distinction between Phase Shifts and Time Delays: Implications for Femtosecond Spectroscopy and Coherent Control of Chemical Reactions (Vol 111, Pg 10934, 1999)," J. Chem. Phys. 115, 5691-5691 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. M. G. Faeder and D. M. Jonas, "Two-Dimensional Electronic Correlation and Relaxation Spectra: Theory and Model Calculations," J. Phys. Chem. A 103, 10489-10505 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ferro, A. A.

J. D. Hybl, A. A. Ferro, and D. M. Jonas, "Two-Dimensional Fourier Transform Electronic Spectroscopy," J. Chem. Phys. 115, 6606-6622 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ferro, A. W. A.

A. W. A. Ferro, J. D. Hybl, S. M. G. Faeder, and D. M. Jonas, "Experimental Distinction between Phase Shifts and Time Delays: Implications for Femtosecond Spectroscopy and Coherent Control of Chemical Reactions (Vol 111, Pg 10934, 1999)," J. Chem. Phys. 115, 5691-5691 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fleming, G. R.

E. L. Read, G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, T. Mancal, T. K. Ahn, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, "Cross-Peak-Specific Two-Dimensional Electronic Spectroscopy," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.USA 104, 14203-14208 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, E. L. Read, T. K. Ahn, T. Mancal, Y. C. Cheng, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, "Evidence for Wavelike Energy Transfer through Quantum Coherence in Photosynthetic Systems," Nature 446, 782-786 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, "Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy of Electronic Couplings in Photosynthesis," Nature 434, 625-628 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brixner, I. V. Stiopkin, and G. R. Fleming, "Tunable Two-Dimensional Femtosecond Spectroscopy," Opt. Lett. 29, 884-886 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaeta, A. L.

A. M. Streltsov, K. D. Moll, A. L. Gaeta, P. Kung, D. Walker, and M. Razeghi, "Pulse Autocorrelation Measurements Based on Two- and Three-Photon Conductivity in a GaN Photodiode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3778-3780 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gerber, G.

Grumstrup, E. M.

Hochstrasser, R. M.

R. M. Hochstrasser, "Two-Dimensional IR-Spectroscopy: Polarization Anisotropy Effects," Chem. Phys. 266, 273-284 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hong, J. W.

A. M. Moran, J. B. Maddox, J. W. Hong, J. Kim, R. A. Nome, G. C. Bazan, S. Mukamel, and N. F. Scherer, "Optical Coherence and Theoretical Study of the Excitation Dynamics of a Highly Symmetric Cyclophane-Linked Oligophenylenevinylene Dimer," J. Chem. Phys. 124 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hornung, T.

J. C. Vaughan, T. Hornung, K. W. Stone, and K. A. Nelson, "Coherently Controlled Ultrafast Four-Wave Mixing Spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. A 111, 4873-4883 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hybl, J. D.

J. D. Hybl, A. A. Ferro, and D. M. Jonas, "Two-Dimensional Fourier Transform Electronic Spectroscopy," J. Chem. Phys. 115, 6606-6622 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. W. A. Ferro, J. D. Hybl, S. M. G. Faeder, and D. M. Jonas, "Experimental Distinction between Phase Shifts and Time Delays: Implications for Femtosecond Spectroscopy and Coherent Control of Chemical Reactions (Vol 111, Pg 10934, 1999)," J. Chem. Phys. 115, 5691-5691 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jonas, D. M.

M. K. Yetzbacher, N. Belabas, K. A. Kitney, and D. M. Jonas, "Propagation, Beam Geometry, and Detection Distortions of Peak Shapes in Two-Dimensional Fourier Transform Spectra," J. Chem. Phys. 126, (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. M. Jonas, "Two-Dimensional Femtosecond Spectroscopy," Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 54, 425-463 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. W. A. Ferro, J. D. Hybl, S. M. G. Faeder, and D. M. Jonas, "Experimental Distinction between Phase Shifts and Time Delays: Implications for Femtosecond Spectroscopy and Coherent Control of Chemical Reactions (Vol 111, Pg 10934, 1999)," J. Chem. Phys. 115, 5691-5691 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Hybl, A. A. Ferro, and D. M. Jonas, "Two-Dimensional Fourier Transform Electronic Spectroscopy," J. Chem. Phys. 115, 6606-6622 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. M. G. Faeder and D. M. Jonas, "Two-Dimensional Electronic Correlation and Relaxation Spectra: Theory and Model Calculations," J. Phys. Chem. A 103, 10489-10505 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kauffmann, H. F.

A. Nemeth, F. Milota, T. Mancal, V. Lukes, and H. F. Kauffmann, "Vibronic Modulation of Lineshapes in Two-Dimensional Electronic Spectra," Chem. Phys. Lett. 459, 94-99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Keusters, D.

D. Keusters and W. S. Warren, "Propagation Effects on the Peak Profile in Two-Dimensional Optical Photon Echo Spectroscopy," Chem. Phys. Lett. 383, 21-24 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Keusters and W. S. Warren, "Effect of Pulse Propagation on the Two-Dimensional Photon Echo Spectrum of Multilevel Systems," J. Chem. Phys. 119, 4478-4489 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, "Femtosecond Phase-Coherent Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy," Science 300, 1553-1555 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Khalil, M.

M. Khalil, N. Demirdoven, and A. Tokmakoff, "Coherent 2D IR Spectroscopy: Molecular Structure and Dynamics in Solution," J. Phys. Chem. A 107, 5258-5279 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.

A. M. Moran, J. B. Maddox, J. W. Hong, J. Kim, R. A. Nome, G. C. Bazan, S. Mukamel, and N. F. Scherer, "Optical Coherence and Theoretical Study of the Excitation Dynamics of a Highly Symmetric Cyclophane-Linked Oligophenylenevinylene Dimer," J. Chem. Phys. 124 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kitney, K. A.

M. K. Yetzbacher, N. Belabas, K. A. Kitney, and D. M. Jonas, "Propagation, Beam Geometry, and Detection Distortions of Peak Shapes in Two-Dimensional Fourier Transform Spectra," J. Chem. Phys. 126, (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kovalenko, S. A.

S. A. Kovalenko, N. P. Ernsting, and J. Ruthmann, "Femtosecond Stokes Shift in Styryl Dyes: Solvation or Intramolecular Relaxation?," J. Chem. Phys. 106, 3504-3511 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kung, P.

A. M. Streltsov, K. D. Moll, A. L. Gaeta, P. Kung, D. Walker, and M. Razeghi, "Pulse Autocorrelation Measurements Based on Two- and Three-Photon Conductivity in a GaN Photodiode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3778-3780 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Levenson, M. D.

M. D. Levenson and G. L. Eesley, "Polarization Selective Optical Heterodyne-Detection for Dramatically Improved Sensitivity in Laser Spectroscopy," Appl. Phys. 19, 1-17 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Li, X. Q.

Ling, Y. L.

S. H. Shim, D. B. Strasfeld, Y. L. Ling, and M. T. Zanni, "Automated 2D IR Spectroscopy Using a Mid-IR Pulse Shaper and Application of This Technology to the Human Islet Amyloid Polypeptide," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 104, 14197-14202 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lott, G. A.

P. F. Tekavec, G. A. Lott, and A. H. Marcus, "Fluorescence-Detected Two-Dimensional Electronic Coherence Spectroscopy by Acousto-Optic Phase Modulation," J. Chem. Phys. 127 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lukes, V.

A. Nemeth, F. Milota, T. Mancal, V. Lukes, and H. F. Kauffmann, "Vibronic Modulation of Lineshapes in Two-Dimensional Electronic Spectra," Chem. Phys. Lett. 459, 94-99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Maddox, J. B.

A. M. Moran, J. B. Maddox, J. W. Hong, J. Kim, R. A. Nome, G. C. Bazan, S. Mukamel, and N. F. Scherer, "Optical Coherence and Theoretical Study of the Excitation Dynamics of a Highly Symmetric Cyclophane-Linked Oligophenylenevinylene Dimer," J. Chem. Phys. 124 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mancal, T.

A. Nemeth, F. Milota, T. Mancal, V. Lukes, and H. F. Kauffmann, "Vibronic Modulation of Lineshapes in Two-Dimensional Electronic Spectra," Chem. Phys. Lett. 459, 94-99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, E. L. Read, T. K. Ahn, T. Mancal, Y. C. Cheng, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, "Evidence for Wavelike Energy Transfer through Quantum Coherence in Photosynthetic Systems," Nature 446, 782-786 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. L. Read, G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, T. Mancal, T. K. Ahn, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, "Cross-Peak-Specific Two-Dimensional Electronic Spectroscopy," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.USA 104, 14203-14208 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marcus, A. H.

P. F. Tekavec, G. A. Lott, and A. H. Marcus, "Fluorescence-Detected Two-Dimensional Electronic Coherence Spectroscopy by Acousto-Optic Phase Modulation," J. Chem. Phys. 127 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miller, R. J. D.

M. L. Cowan, J. P. Ogilvie, and R. J. D. Miller, "Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy Using Diffractive Optics Based Phased-Locked Photon Echoes," Chem. Phys. Lett. 386, 184-189 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Milota, F.

A. Nemeth, F. Milota, T. Mancal, V. Lukes, and H. F. Kauffmann, "Vibronic Modulation of Lineshapes in Two-Dimensional Electronic Spectra," Chem. Phys. Lett. 459, 94-99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Moll, K. D.

A. M. Streltsov, K. D. Moll, A. L. Gaeta, P. Kung, D. Walker, and M. Razeghi, "Pulse Autocorrelation Measurements Based on Two- and Three-Photon Conductivity in a GaN Photodiode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3778-3780 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Montgomery, M. A.

Moran, A. M.

A. M. Moran, J. B. Maddox, J. W. Hong, J. Kim, R. A. Nome, G. C. Bazan, S. Mukamel, and N. F. Scherer, "Optical Coherence and Theoretical Study of the Excitation Dynamics of a Highly Symmetric Cyclophane-Linked Oligophenylenevinylene Dimer," J. Chem. Phys. 124 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Dreyer, A. M. Moran, and S. Mukamel, "Tensor Components in Three Pulse Vibrational Echoes of a Rigid Dipeptide," Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 24, 1091-1096 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mukamel, S.

A. M. Moran, J. B. Maddox, J. W. Hong, J. Kim, R. A. Nome, G. C. Bazan, S. Mukamel, and N. F. Scherer, "Optical Coherence and Theoretical Study of the Excitation Dynamics of a Highly Symmetric Cyclophane-Linked Oligophenylenevinylene Dimer," J. Chem. Phys. 124 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Dreyer, A. M. Moran, and S. Mukamel, "Tensor Components in Three Pulse Vibrational Echoes of a Rigid Dipeptide," Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 24, 1091-1096 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, K. A.

J. C. Vaughan, T. Hornung, K. W. Stone, and K. A. Nelson, "Coherently Controlled Ultrafast Four-Wave Mixing Spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. A 111, 4873-4883 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nemeth, A.

A. Nemeth, F. Milota, T. Mancal, V. Lukes, and H. F. Kauffmann, "Vibronic Modulation of Lineshapes in Two-Dimensional Electronic Spectra," Chem. Phys. Lett. 459, 94-99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nicodemus, R. A.

Nome, R. A.

A. M. Moran, J. B. Maddox, J. W. Hong, J. Kim, R. A. Nome, G. C. Bazan, S. Mukamel, and N. F. Scherer, "Optical Coherence and Theoretical Study of the Excitation Dynamics of a Highly Symmetric Cyclophane-Linked Oligophenylenevinylene Dimer," J. Chem. Phys. 124 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ogilvie, J. P.

M. L. Cowan, J. P. Ogilvie, and R. J. D. Miller, "Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy Using Diffractive Optics Based Phased-Locked Photon Echoes," Chem. Phys. Lett. 386, 184-189 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Piel, J.

Pshenichnikov, M. S.

W. P. de Boeij, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, "Ultrafast Solvation Dynamics Explored by Femtosecond Photon Echo Spectroscopies," Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 49, 99-123 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. P. de Boeij, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, "Heterodyne-Detected Stimulated Photon Echo: Applications to Optical Dynamics in Solution," Chemical Physics 233, 287-309 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Razeghi, M.

A. M. Streltsov, K. D. Moll, A. L. Gaeta, P. Kung, D. Walker, and M. Razeghi, "Pulse Autocorrelation Measurements Based on Two- and Three-Photon Conductivity in a GaN Photodiode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3778-3780 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Read, E. L.

E. L. Read, G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, T. Mancal, T. K. Ahn, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, "Cross-Peak-Specific Two-Dimensional Electronic Spectroscopy," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.USA 104, 14203-14208 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, E. L. Read, T. K. Ahn, T. Mancal, Y. C. Cheng, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, "Evidence for Wavelike Energy Transfer through Quantum Coherence in Photosynthetic Systems," Nature 446, 782-786 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Riedle, E.

Ruthmann, J.

S. A. Kovalenko, N. P. Ernsting, and J. Ruthmann, "Femtosecond Stokes Shift in Styryl Dyes: Solvation or Intramolecular Relaxation?," J. Chem. Phys. 106, 3504-3511 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, N. F.

A. M. Moran, J. B. Maddox, J. W. Hong, J. Kim, R. A. Nome, G. C. Bazan, S. Mukamel, and N. F. Scherer, "Optical Coherence and Theoretical Study of the Excitation Dynamics of a Highly Symmetric Cyclophane-Linked Oligophenylenevinylene Dimer," J. Chem. Phys. 124 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shim, S. H.

S. H. Shim, D. B. Strasfeld, Y. L. Ling, and M. T. Zanni, "Automated 2D IR Spectroscopy Using a Mid-IR Pulse Shaper and Application of This Technology to the Human Islet Amyloid Polypeptide," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 104, 14197-14202 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shim, S.-H.

Stenger, J.

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, "Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy of Electronic Couplings in Photosynthesis," Nature 434, 625-628 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stiopkin, I. V.

Stone, K. W.

J. C. Vaughan, T. Hornung, K. W. Stone, and K. A. Nelson, "Coherently Controlled Ultrafast Four-Wave Mixing Spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. A 111, 4873-4883 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Strasfeld, D. B.

S. H. Shim, D. B. Strasfeld, Y. L. Ling, and M. T. Zanni, "Automated 2D IR Spectroscopy Using a Mid-IR Pulse Shaper and Application of This Technology to the Human Islet Amyloid Polypeptide," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 104, 14197-14202 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Streltsov, A. M.

A. M. Streltsov, K. D. Moll, A. L. Gaeta, P. Kung, D. Walker, and M. Razeghi, "Pulse Autocorrelation Measurements Based on Two- and Three-Photon Conductivity in a GaN Photodiode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3778-3780 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Suzaki, Y.

P. F. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, "Femtosecond Phase-Coherent Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy," Science 300, 1553-1555 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tekavec, P. F.

P. F. Tekavec, G. A. Lott, and A. H. Marcus, "Fluorescence-Detected Two-Dimensional Electronic Coherence Spectroscopy by Acousto-Optic Phase Modulation," J. Chem. Phys. 127 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tian, P. F.

P. F. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, "Femtosecond Phase-Coherent Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy," Science 300, 1553-1555 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tokmakoff, A.

L. P. DeFlores, R. A. Nicodemus, and A. Tokmakoff, "Two Dimensonal Fourier Transform Spectroscopy in the Pump-Probe Geometry," Opt. Lett. 32, 2966-2968 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Khalil, N. Demirdoven, and A. Tokmakoff, "Coherent 2D IR Spectroscopy: Molecular Structure and Dynamics in Solution," J. Phys. Chem. A 107, 5258-5279 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vaswani, H. M.

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, "Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy of Electronic Couplings in Photosynthesis," Nature 434, 625-628 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vaughan, J. C.

J. C. Vaughan, T. Hornung, K. W. Stone, and K. A. Nelson, "Coherently Controlled Ultrafast Four-Wave Mixing Spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. A 111, 4873-4883 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walker, D.

A. M. Streltsov, K. D. Moll, A. L. Gaeta, P. Kung, D. Walker, and M. Razeghi, "Pulse Autocorrelation Measurements Based on Two- and Three-Photon Conductivity in a GaN Photodiode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3778-3780 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Warren, W. S.

D. Keusters and W. S. Warren, "Propagation Effects on the Peak Profile in Two-Dimensional Optical Photon Echo Spectroscopy," Chem. Phys. Lett. 383, 21-24 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Keusters and W. S. Warren, "Effect of Pulse Propagation on the Two-Dimensional Photon Echo Spectrum of Multilevel Systems," J. Chem. Phys. 119, 4478-4489 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, "Femtosecond Phase-Coherent Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy," Science 300, 1553-1555 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wiersma, D. A.

W. P. de Boeij, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, "Heterodyne-Detected Stimulated Photon Echo: Applications to Optical Dynamics in Solution," Chemical Physics 233, 287-309 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. P. de Boeij, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, "Ultrafast Solvation Dynamics Explored by Femtosecond Photon Echo Spectroscopies," Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 49, 99-123 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wilhelm, T.

Xiong, W.

Yetzbacher, M. K.

M. K. Yetzbacher, N. Belabas, K. A. Kitney, and D. M. Jonas, "Propagation, Beam Geometry, and Detection Distortions of Peak Shapes in Two-Dimensional Fourier Transform Spectra," J. Chem. Phys. 126, (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zanni, M. T.

W. Xiong and M. T. Zanni, "Signal Enhancement and Background Cancellation in Collinear Two-Dimensional Spectroscopies," Opt. Lett. 33, 1371-1373 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Grumstrup, S.-H. Shim, M. A. Montgomery, N. H. Damrauer, and M. T. Zanni, "Facile Collection of Two-Dimensional Electronic Spectra Using Femtosecond Pulse-Shaping Technology," Opt. Express 15, 16681-16689 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Shim, D. B. Strasfeld, Y. L. Ling, and M. T. Zanni, "Automated 2D IR Spectroscopy Using a Mid-IR Pulse Shaper and Application of This Technology to the Human Islet Amyloid Polypeptide," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 104, 14197-14202 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, T. H.

Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. (2)

D. M. Jonas, "Two-Dimensional Femtosecond Spectroscopy," Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 54, 425-463 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. P. de Boeij, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, "Ultrafast Solvation Dynamics Explored by Femtosecond Photon Echo Spectroscopies," Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 49, 99-123 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. (1)

M. D. Levenson and G. L. Eesley, "Polarization Selective Optical Heterodyne-Detection for Dramatically Improved Sensitivity in Laser Spectroscopy," Appl. Phys. 19, 1-17 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. M. Streltsov, K. D. Moll, A. L. Gaeta, P. Kung, D. Walker, and M. Razeghi, "Pulse Autocorrelation Measurements Based on Two- and Three-Photon Conductivity in a GaN Photodiode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3778-3780 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. (1)

J. Dreyer, A. M. Moran, and S. Mukamel, "Tensor Components in Three Pulse Vibrational Echoes of a Rigid Dipeptide," Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 24, 1091-1096 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. (1)

R. M. Hochstrasser, "Two-Dimensional IR-Spectroscopy: Polarization Anisotropy Effects," Chem. Phys. 266, 273-284 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (3)

D. Keusters and W. S. Warren, "Propagation Effects on the Peak Profile in Two-Dimensional Optical Photon Echo Spectroscopy," Chem. Phys. Lett. 383, 21-24 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Nemeth, F. Milota, T. Mancal, V. Lukes, and H. F. Kauffmann, "Vibronic Modulation of Lineshapes in Two-Dimensional Electronic Spectra," Chem. Phys. Lett. 459, 94-99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Cowan, J. P. Ogilvie, and R. J. D. Miller, "Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy Using Diffractive Optics Based Phased-Locked Photon Echoes," Chem. Phys. Lett. 386, 184-189 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chemical Physics (1)

W. P. de Boeij, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, "Heterodyne-Detected Stimulated Photon Echo: Applications to Optical Dynamics in Solution," Chemical Physics 233, 287-309 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (7)

A. M. Moran, J. B. Maddox, J. W. Hong, J. Kim, R. A. Nome, G. C. Bazan, S. Mukamel, and N. F. Scherer, "Optical Coherence and Theoretical Study of the Excitation Dynamics of a Highly Symmetric Cyclophane-Linked Oligophenylenevinylene Dimer," J. Chem. Phys. 124 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Keusters and W. S. Warren, "Effect of Pulse Propagation on the Two-Dimensional Photon Echo Spectrum of Multilevel Systems," J. Chem. Phys. 119, 4478-4489 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. K. Yetzbacher, N. Belabas, K. A. Kitney, and D. M. Jonas, "Propagation, Beam Geometry, and Detection Distortions of Peak Shapes in Two-Dimensional Fourier Transform Spectra," J. Chem. Phys. 126, (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Kovalenko, N. P. Ernsting, and J. Ruthmann, "Femtosecond Stokes Shift in Styryl Dyes: Solvation or Intramolecular Relaxation?," J. Chem. Phys. 106, 3504-3511 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. W. A. Ferro, J. D. Hybl, S. M. G. Faeder, and D. M. Jonas, "Experimental Distinction between Phase Shifts and Time Delays: Implications for Femtosecond Spectroscopy and Coherent Control of Chemical Reactions (Vol 111, Pg 10934, 1999)," J. Chem. Phys. 115, 5691-5691 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Hybl, A. A. Ferro, and D. M. Jonas, "Two-Dimensional Fourier Transform Electronic Spectroscopy," J. Chem. Phys. 115, 6606-6622 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Tekavec, G. A. Lott, and A. H. Marcus, "Fluorescence-Detected Two-Dimensional Electronic Coherence Spectroscopy by Acousto-Optic Phase Modulation," J. Chem. Phys. 127 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Phys. Chem. A (3)

J. C. Vaughan, T. Hornung, K. W. Stone, and K. A. Nelson, "Coherently Controlled Ultrafast Four-Wave Mixing Spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. A 111, 4873-4883 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. G. Faeder and D. M. Jonas, "Two-Dimensional Electronic Correlation and Relaxation Spectra: Theory and Model Calculations," J. Phys. Chem. A 103, 10489-10505 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Khalil, N. Demirdoven, and A. Tokmakoff, "Coherent 2D IR Spectroscopy: Molecular Structure and Dynamics in Solution," J. Phys. Chem. A 107, 5258-5279 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, E. L. Read, T. K. Ahn, T. Mancal, Y. C. Cheng, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, "Evidence for Wavelike Energy Transfer through Quantum Coherence in Photosynthetic Systems," Nature 446, 782-786 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, "Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy of Electronic Couplings in Photosynthesis," Nature 434, 625-628 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.USA (1)

E. L. Read, G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, T. Mancal, T. K. Ahn, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, "Cross-Peak-Specific Two-Dimensional Electronic Spectroscopy," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.USA 104, 14203-14208 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (1)

S. H. Shim, D. B. Strasfeld, Y. L. Ling, and M. T. Zanni, "Automated 2D IR Spectroscopy Using a Mid-IR Pulse Shaper and Application of This Technology to the Human Islet Amyloid Polypeptide," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 104, 14197-14202 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

P. F. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, "Femtosecond Phase-Coherent Two-Dimensional Spectroscopy," Science 300, 1553-1555 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

R. E. Blankenship, Molecular Mechanisms of Photosynthesis (Blackwell Science, Oxford, 2002).
[CrossRef]

P. N. Butcher and D. Cotter, The Elements of Nonlinear Optics (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2003).

S. Mukamel, Principles of Nonlinear Optical Spectroscopy (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1995).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup for two-color 2DES in the pump-probe geometry. Two independently tunable noncollinear optical parametric amplifiers provide pump and probe pulses. The probe pulse is compressed with a prism compressor (PC) and the pump pulses are compressed with the Dazzler pulse-shaper. The Dazzler also creates the first two excitation pulses separated by an arbitrary delay t 1. The inset shows the pulse sequence at the sample and the different polarization schemes employed.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Real (absorptive), (b) Imaginary and (c) Absolute value components of the 2D spectrum of LDS750 in acetonitrile at t 2=500 fs. Data is taken in using polarization scheme ii).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Improved SNR achieved with different polarization schemes for LDS750 in acetonitrile at t 2=300 fs. a) Absorptive 2D spectrum for the parallel polarization configuration (scheme i). b) Absorptive 2D spectrum for the 45° polarization configuration (scheme ii)).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Separation of the rephasing and nonrephasing contributions for LDS750 in acetonitrile at t 2=500 fs taken using polarization scheme ii). The columns contain real, imaginary and absolute value spectra as indicated. Top row: components of the rephasing signal. Middle row: components of the nonrephasing signal. Bottom row: addition of the rephasing and nonrephasing signals.

Equations (6)

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R ( t 3 , t 2 , t 1 ) = R ( R ) ( t 3 , t 2 , t 1 ) + R ( N R ) ( t 3 , t 2 , t 1 )
S ( ω 3 , t 2 , t 1 ) E 3 ( ω 3 ) + i ω 3 [ P 3 ( 1 ) ( ω 3 ) + P s 2 D ( 2 ) ( ω 3 , t 2 , t 1 ) + P p p 1 ( 3 ) ( ω 3 , t 2 , t 1 ) + P p p 2 ( 3 ) ( ω 3 , t 2 , t 1 ) ] 2
P s ( 3 ) ( ω 3 , t 2 , t 1 ) i 3 0 d t 3 e i ω 3 t 3 [ R ( R ) ( t 3 , t 2 , t 1 ) e i ( ϕ 2 ϕ 1 + ϕ 3 ) + R ( N R ) ( t 3 , t 2 , t 1 ) e i ( ϕ 1 ϕ 2 + ϕ 3 ) ] + cc .
S ( ω 3 , t 2 , t 1 ) I m [ E 3 * ( ω 3 ) P s 2 D ( 3 ) ( ω 3 , t 2 , t 1 ) ] R e [ E 3 * ( ω 3 ) { R ( R ) ( ω 3 , t 2 , t 1 ) e i ϕϕ 12 + R ( NR ) ( ω 3 , t 2 , t 1 ) e i ϕ 12 } ]
S 0 ° ' ( t 3 , t 2 , t 1 ) R ( R ) ( t 3 , t 2 , t 1 ) + R ( NR ) ( t 3 , t 2 , t 1 )
S 90 ° ' ( t 3 , t 2 , t 1 ) i R ( R ) ( t 3 , t 2 , t 1 ) + i R ( NR ) ( t 3 , t 2 , t 1 )

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