Abstract

We report on an optical field synthesizer consisting of a CEO-phase stabilized octave-spanning Ti:sapphire laser oscillator, a double-LCD prism-based pulse shaper, and a SPIDER pulse characterization apparatus. This field synthesizer allows for generating pulses with durations as short as 3.6 fs and enables to control the electric field on a sub-cycle scale. Within the limits of the ultrabroad spectrum arbitrary spectral and temporal pulse shapes and pulse sequences can be realized. Together with the ability to stabilize the pulses with respect to their CEO-phase, this system forms a versatile tool for coherent control experiments of field sensitive processes and precision spectroscopy.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and S. T. Cundiff, "Femtosecond Laser Development," in Femtosecond Optical Frequency Comb: Principle, Operation, and Applications, J. Ye and S. T. Cundiff, eds. (Springer Science and Business Media, Inc., 2005), pp. 54-77.
    [CrossRef]
  2. O. Mücke, R. Ell, A. Winter, J-W. Kim, J. Birge, L. Matos, and F. X. Kärtner, "Self-Referenced 200 MHz Octave-Spanning Ti:Sapphire Laser with 50 Attosecond Carrier-Envelope Phase Jitter," Opt. Express 13, 5163-5169 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. Bartels, R. Gebs, M. S. Kirchner, and S. A. Diddams, "Spectrally resolved optical frequency comb from a self-referenced 5 GHz femtosecond laser," Opt. Lett. 32, 2553-2555 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. H. M. Crespo, J. R. Birge, E. L. Falcão-Filho, M. Y. Sander, A. Benedick, and F. X. Kärtner, "Nonintrusive phase stabilization of sub-two-cycle pulses from a prismless octave-spanning Ti:sapphire laser," Opt. Lett. 33, 833-835 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S. Rausch, T. Binhammer, A. Harth, J. W. Kim, R. Ell, F. X. Kärtner, and U. Morgner, "Controlled waveforms on the single-cycle scale from a femtosecond oscillator," Opt. Express 16, 9739-9745 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. Apolonski, P. Dombi, G. G. Paulus, M. Kakehata, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, Ch. Lemell, K. Torizuka, J. Burgdörfer, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Observation of Light-Phase-Sensitive Photoemission from a Metal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 073902 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. O. D. Mücke, T. Tritschler, M. Wegener, U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, G. Khitrova, and H. M. Gibbs, "Carrier-wave Rabi flopping: role of the carrier-envelope phase," Opt. Lett. 29, 2160-2162 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. C. Jirauschek, L. Duan, O. D. Mücke, F. X. Kärtner, M. Wegener, and U. Morgner, "Carrier-envelope phasesensitive inversion in two-level systems," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2065-2075 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. Nakajima and S. Watanabe, "Effects of the Carrier-Envelope Phase in the Multiphoton Ionization Regime," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 213001 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hnsch, "Optical frequency metrology," Nature 416, 233-237 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. T. M. Fortier, Y. Le Coq, J. E. Stalnaker, D. Ortega, S. A. Diddams, C. W. Oates, and L. Hollberg, "Kilohertz-Resolution Spectroscopy of Cold Atoms with an Optical Frequency Comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 163905 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. C. Stowe, F. C. Cruz, A. Marian, and J. Ye, "High Resolution Atomic Coherent Control via Spectral Phase Manipulation of an Optical Frequency Comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 163905 (2006).
  13. N. Dudovich, D. Oron, and Y. Silberberg, "Single-pulse coherently controlled nonlinear Raman spectroscopy and microscopy," Nature 418, 512-514 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. B. von Vacano and M. Motzkus, "Time-resolved two color single-beam CARS employing supercontinuum and femtosecond pulse shaping," Opt. Commun. 264, 488-493 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. Postma, A. C.W. van Rhijn, J. P. Korterik, P. Gross, J. L. Herek, and H. L. Offerhaus, "Application of spectral phase shaping to high resolution CARS spectroscopy," Opt. Express 16, 7985-7996 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. G. Vogt, P. Nürnberger, R. Selle, F. Dimler, T. Brixner, and G. Gerber, "Analysis of femtosecond quantum control mechanisms with colored double pulses," Phys. Rev. A 74, 033413 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  17. T. Binhammer, E. Rittweger, R. Ell, F. X. Kärtner, and U. Morgner, "Spectral Phase Control and Temporal Superresolution towards Single-Cycle Pulses," Opt. Lett. 31, 1552-1554 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. F. X. K¨artner, U. Morgner, R. Ell, T. Schibli, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, "Ultrabroadband double-chirped mirror pairs for generation of octave spectra," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 882-885 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  19. T. R. Schibli, O. Kuzucu, J. W. Kim, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, F. X. Kärtner, V. Scheuer, and G. Angelow, "Towards Single-Cycle Laser Systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 990-1001 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  20. L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, N. Matuschek, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, C. Iaconis, and I. A. Walmsley, "Characterization of sub-6-fs optical pulses with spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction," Opt. Lett. 24, 1314-1316 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  21. H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B 69, 327-332 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  22. L. Matos, D. Kleppner, O. Kuzucu, T. R. Schibli, J. Kim, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, "Direct frequency comb generation from an octave-spanning, prismless Ti:sapphire laser," Opt. Lett. 29, 1683-1685 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. Jenoptik Germany, "SLM-S640d Technical Documentation," Jenoptik LOS, 2006.
  24. A. M. Weiner, "Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  25. T. Fuji, N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, X. Gu, Th. Metzger, A. Baltuska, N. Forget, D. Kaplan, A. Galvanauskas, and F. Krausz, "Parametric amplification of few-cycle carrier-envelope phase-stable pulses at 2.1 m," Opt. Lett. 31, 1103-1105 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. S. Adachi, H. Ishii, T. Kanai, N. Ishii, A. Kosuge, and S. Watanabe, "1.5 mJ, 6.4 fs parametric chirped-pulse amplification system at 1 kHz," Opt. Lett. 32, 2487-2489 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. T. Binhammer, E. Rittweger, R. Ell, F. X. Kärtner, and U. Morgner, "Prism-based pulse shaper for octave spanning spectra," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 41, 1552-1557 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  28. D. J. Tannor, R. Kosloff, and S. A. Rice, "Coherent pulse sequence induced control of selectivity of reactions: exact quantum mechanical calculations," J. Chem. Phys. 85, 5805 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  29. T.-S. Yang, M.-S. Chang, R. Chang, M. Hayashi, S. H. Lin, P. Vöhringer, W. Dietz, and N. F. Scherer, "Femtosecond pump-probe study of molecular vibronic structures and dynamics of cyanine dye in solution," J. Chem. Phys. 110, 12070-12081 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (3)

2007 (2)

2006 (7)

T. Fuji, N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, X. Gu, Th. Metzger, A. Baltuska, N. Forget, D. Kaplan, A. Galvanauskas, and F. Krausz, "Parametric amplification of few-cycle carrier-envelope phase-stable pulses at 2.1 m," Opt. Lett. 31, 1103-1105 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Nakajima and S. Watanabe, "Effects of the Carrier-Envelope Phase in the Multiphoton Ionization Regime," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 213001 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Vogt, P. Nürnberger, R. Selle, F. Dimler, T. Brixner, and G. Gerber, "Analysis of femtosecond quantum control mechanisms with colored double pulses," Phys. Rev. A 74, 033413 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Binhammer, E. Rittweger, R. Ell, F. X. Kärtner, and U. Morgner, "Spectral Phase Control and Temporal Superresolution towards Single-Cycle Pulses," Opt. Lett. 31, 1552-1554 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. M. Fortier, Y. Le Coq, J. E. Stalnaker, D. Ortega, S. A. Diddams, C. W. Oates, and L. Hollberg, "Kilohertz-Resolution Spectroscopy of Cold Atoms with an Optical Frequency Comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Stowe, F. C. Cruz, A. Marian, and J. Ye, "High Resolution Atomic Coherent Control via Spectral Phase Manipulation of an Optical Frequency Comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 163905 (2006).

B. von Vacano and M. Motzkus, "Time-resolved two color single-beam CARS employing supercontinuum and femtosecond pulse shaping," Opt. Commun. 264, 488-493 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

2004 (3)

2003 (1)

T. R. Schibli, O. Kuzucu, J. W. Kim, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, F. X. Kärtner, V. Scheuer, and G. Angelow, "Towards Single-Cycle Laser Systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 990-1001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hnsch, "Optical frequency metrology," Nature 416, 233-237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Dudovich, D. Oron, and Y. Silberberg, "Single-pulse coherently controlled nonlinear Raman spectroscopy and microscopy," Nature 418, 512-514 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

A. M. Weiner, "Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, N. Matuschek, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, C. Iaconis, and I. A. Walmsley, "Characterization of sub-6-fs optical pulses with spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction," Opt. Lett. 24, 1314-1316 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B 69, 327-332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T.-S. Yang, M.-S. Chang, R. Chang, M. Hayashi, S. H. Lin, P. Vöhringer, W. Dietz, and N. F. Scherer, "Femtosecond pump-probe study of molecular vibronic structures and dynamics of cyanine dye in solution," J. Chem. Phys. 110, 12070-12081 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

D. J. Tannor, R. Kosloff, and S. A. Rice, "Coherent pulse sequence induced control of selectivity of reactions: exact quantum mechanical calculations," J. Chem. Phys. 85, 5805 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Adachi, S.

Angelow, G.

T. R. Schibli, O. Kuzucu, J. W. Kim, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, F. X. Kärtner, V. Scheuer, and G. Angelow, "Towards Single-Cycle Laser Systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 990-1001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. X. K¨artner, U. Morgner, R. Ell, T. Schibli, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, "Ultrabroadband double-chirped mirror pairs for generation of octave spectra," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 882-885 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Apolonski, A.

A. Apolonski, P. Dombi, G. G. Paulus, M. Kakehata, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, Ch. Lemell, K. Torizuka, J. Burgdörfer, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Observation of Light-Phase-Sensitive Photoemission from a Metal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 073902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baltuska, A.

Bartels, A.

Benedick, A.

Binhammer, T.

Birge, J.

Birge, J. R.

Brixner, T.

G. Vogt, P. Nürnberger, R. Selle, F. Dimler, T. Brixner, and G. Gerber, "Analysis of femtosecond quantum control mechanisms with colored double pulses," Phys. Rev. A 74, 033413 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Burgdörfer, J.

A. Apolonski, P. Dombi, G. G. Paulus, M. Kakehata, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, Ch. Lemell, K. Torizuka, J. Burgdörfer, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Observation of Light-Phase-Sensitive Photoemission from a Metal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 073902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, M.-S.

T.-S. Yang, M.-S. Chang, R. Chang, M. Hayashi, S. H. Lin, P. Vöhringer, W. Dietz, and N. F. Scherer, "Femtosecond pump-probe study of molecular vibronic structures and dynamics of cyanine dye in solution," J. Chem. Phys. 110, 12070-12081 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chang, R.

T.-S. Yang, M.-S. Chang, R. Chang, M. Hayashi, S. H. Lin, P. Vöhringer, W. Dietz, and N. F. Scherer, "Femtosecond pump-probe study of molecular vibronic structures and dynamics of cyanine dye in solution," J. Chem. Phys. 110, 12070-12081 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Crespo, H. M.

Cruz, F. C.

M. C. Stowe, F. C. Cruz, A. Marian, and J. Ye, "High Resolution Atomic Coherent Control via Spectral Phase Manipulation of an Optical Frequency Comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 163905 (2006).

Diddams, S. A.

A. Bartels, R. Gebs, M. S. Kirchner, and S. A. Diddams, "Spectrally resolved optical frequency comb from a self-referenced 5 GHz femtosecond laser," Opt. Lett. 32, 2553-2555 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. M. Fortier, Y. Le Coq, J. E. Stalnaker, D. Ortega, S. A. Diddams, C. W. Oates, and L. Hollberg, "Kilohertz-Resolution Spectroscopy of Cold Atoms with an Optical Frequency Comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dietz, W.

T.-S. Yang, M.-S. Chang, R. Chang, M. Hayashi, S. H. Lin, P. Vöhringer, W. Dietz, and N. F. Scherer, "Femtosecond pump-probe study of molecular vibronic structures and dynamics of cyanine dye in solution," J. Chem. Phys. 110, 12070-12081 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dimler, F.

G. Vogt, P. Nürnberger, R. Selle, F. Dimler, T. Brixner, and G. Gerber, "Analysis of femtosecond quantum control mechanisms with colored double pulses," Phys. Rev. A 74, 033413 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dombi, P.

A. Apolonski, P. Dombi, G. G. Paulus, M. Kakehata, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, Ch. Lemell, K. Torizuka, J. Burgdörfer, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Observation of Light-Phase-Sensitive Photoemission from a Metal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 073902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Duan, L.

Dudovich, N.

N. Dudovich, D. Oron, and Y. Silberberg, "Single-pulse coherently controlled nonlinear Raman spectroscopy and microscopy," Nature 418, 512-514 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dunlop, A. E.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B 69, 327-332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ell, R.

Falcão-Filho, E. L.

Forget, N.

Fortier, T. M.

T. M. Fortier, Y. Le Coq, J. E. Stalnaker, D. Ortega, S. A. Diddams, C. W. Oates, and L. Hollberg, "Kilohertz-Resolution Spectroscopy of Cold Atoms with an Optical Frequency Comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fuji, T.

Fujimoto, J. G.

T. R. Schibli, O. Kuzucu, J. W. Kim, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, F. X. Kärtner, V. Scheuer, and G. Angelow, "Towards Single-Cycle Laser Systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 990-1001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. X. K¨artner, U. Morgner, R. Ell, T. Schibli, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, "Ultrabroadband double-chirped mirror pairs for generation of octave spectra," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 882-885 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gallmann, L.

Galvanauskas, A.

Gebs, R.

Gerber, G.

G. Vogt, P. Nürnberger, R. Selle, F. Dimler, T. Brixner, and G. Gerber, "Analysis of femtosecond quantum control mechanisms with colored double pulses," Phys. Rev. A 74, 033413 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gibbs, H. M.

Gross, P.

Gu, X.

Hänsch, T. W.

A. Apolonski, P. Dombi, G. G. Paulus, M. Kakehata, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, Ch. Lemell, K. Torizuka, J. Burgdörfer, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Observation of Light-Phase-Sensitive Photoemission from a Metal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 073902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Harth, A.

Hayashi, M.

T.-S. Yang, M.-S. Chang, R. Chang, M. Hayashi, S. H. Lin, P. Vöhringer, W. Dietz, and N. F. Scherer, "Femtosecond pump-probe study of molecular vibronic structures and dynamics of cyanine dye in solution," J. Chem. Phys. 110, 12070-12081 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Herek, J. L.

Hnsch, T. W.

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hnsch, "Optical frequency metrology," Nature 416, 233-237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hollberg, L.

T. M. Fortier, Y. Le Coq, J. E. Stalnaker, D. Ortega, S. A. Diddams, C. W. Oates, and L. Hollberg, "Kilohertz-Resolution Spectroscopy of Cold Atoms with an Optical Frequency Comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holzwarth, R.

A. Apolonski, P. Dombi, G. G. Paulus, M. Kakehata, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, Ch. Lemell, K. Torizuka, J. Burgdörfer, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Observation of Light-Phase-Sensitive Photoemission from a Metal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 073902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hnsch, "Optical frequency metrology," Nature 416, 233-237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Iaconis, C.

Ippen, E. P.

Ishii, H.

Ishii, N.

Jirauschek, C.

K¨artner, F. X.

Kakehata, M.

A. Apolonski, P. Dombi, G. G. Paulus, M. Kakehata, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, Ch. Lemell, K. Torizuka, J. Burgdörfer, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Observation of Light-Phase-Sensitive Photoemission from a Metal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 073902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kanai, T.

Kaplan, D.

Kärtner, F. X.

S. Rausch, T. Binhammer, A. Harth, J. W. Kim, R. Ell, F. X. Kärtner, and U. Morgner, "Controlled waveforms on the single-cycle scale from a femtosecond oscillator," Opt. Express 16, 9739-9745 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. M. Crespo, J. R. Birge, E. L. Falcão-Filho, M. Y. Sander, A. Benedick, and F. X. Kärtner, "Nonintrusive phase stabilization of sub-two-cycle pulses from a prismless octave-spanning Ti:sapphire laser," Opt. Lett. 33, 833-835 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Binhammer, E. Rittweger, R. Ell, F. X. Kärtner, and U. Morgner, "Spectral Phase Control and Temporal Superresolution towards Single-Cycle Pulses," Opt. Lett. 31, 1552-1554 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Binhammer, E. Rittweger, R. Ell, F. X. Kärtner, and U. Morgner, "Prism-based pulse shaper for octave spanning spectra," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 41, 1552-1557 (2005).
[CrossRef]

O. Mücke, R. Ell, A. Winter, J-W. Kim, J. Birge, L. Matos, and F. X. Kärtner, "Self-Referenced 200 MHz Octave-Spanning Ti:Sapphire Laser with 50 Attosecond Carrier-Envelope Phase Jitter," Opt. Express 13, 5163-5169 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Jirauschek, L. Duan, O. D. Mücke, F. X. Kärtner, M. Wegener, and U. Morgner, "Carrier-envelope phasesensitive inversion in two-level systems," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2065-2075 (2005).
[CrossRef]

O. D. Mücke, T. Tritschler, M. Wegener, U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, G. Khitrova, and H. M. Gibbs, "Carrier-wave Rabi flopping: role of the carrier-envelope phase," Opt. Lett. 29, 2160-2162 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Matos, D. Kleppner, O. Kuzucu, T. R. Schibli, J. Kim, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, "Direct frequency comb generation from an octave-spanning, prismless Ti:sapphire laser," Opt. Lett. 29, 1683-1685 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. R. Schibli, O. Kuzucu, J. W. Kim, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, F. X. Kärtner, V. Scheuer, and G. Angelow, "Towards Single-Cycle Laser Systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 990-1001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, N. Matuschek, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, C. Iaconis, and I. A. Walmsley, "Characterization of sub-6-fs optical pulses with spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction," Opt. Lett. 24, 1314-1316 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B 69, 327-332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Khitrova, G.

Kim, J.

Kim, J. W.

S. Rausch, T. Binhammer, A. Harth, J. W. Kim, R. Ell, F. X. Kärtner, and U. Morgner, "Controlled waveforms on the single-cycle scale from a femtosecond oscillator," Opt. Express 16, 9739-9745 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. R. Schibli, O. Kuzucu, J. W. Kim, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, F. X. Kärtner, V. Scheuer, and G. Angelow, "Towards Single-Cycle Laser Systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 990-1001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J-W.

Kirchner, M. S.

Kleppner, D.

Korterik, J. P.

Kosloff, R.

D. J. Tannor, R. Kosloff, and S. A. Rice, "Coherent pulse sequence induced control of selectivity of reactions: exact quantum mechanical calculations," J. Chem. Phys. 85, 5805 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Kosuge, A.

Krausz, F.

T. Fuji, N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, X. Gu, Th. Metzger, A. Baltuska, N. Forget, D. Kaplan, A. Galvanauskas, and F. Krausz, "Parametric amplification of few-cycle carrier-envelope phase-stable pulses at 2.1 m," Opt. Lett. 31, 1103-1105 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Apolonski, P. Dombi, G. G. Paulus, M. Kakehata, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, Ch. Lemell, K. Torizuka, J. Burgdörfer, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Observation of Light-Phase-Sensitive Photoemission from a Metal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 073902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuzucu, O.

L. Matos, D. Kleppner, O. Kuzucu, T. R. Schibli, J. Kim, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, "Direct frequency comb generation from an octave-spanning, prismless Ti:sapphire laser," Opt. Lett. 29, 1683-1685 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. R. Schibli, O. Kuzucu, J. W. Kim, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, F. X. Kärtner, V. Scheuer, and G. Angelow, "Towards Single-Cycle Laser Systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 990-1001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Le Coq, Y.

T. M. Fortier, Y. Le Coq, J. E. Stalnaker, D. Ortega, S. A. Diddams, C. W. Oates, and L. Hollberg, "Kilohertz-Resolution Spectroscopy of Cold Atoms with an Optical Frequency Comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lemell, Ch.

A. Apolonski, P. Dombi, G. G. Paulus, M. Kakehata, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, Ch. Lemell, K. Torizuka, J. Burgdörfer, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Observation of Light-Phase-Sensitive Photoemission from a Metal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 073902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, S. H.

T.-S. Yang, M.-S. Chang, R. Chang, M. Hayashi, S. H. Lin, P. Vöhringer, W. Dietz, and N. F. Scherer, "Femtosecond pump-probe study of molecular vibronic structures and dynamics of cyanine dye in solution," J. Chem. Phys. 110, 12070-12081 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Marian, A.

M. C. Stowe, F. C. Cruz, A. Marian, and J. Ye, "High Resolution Atomic Coherent Control via Spectral Phase Manipulation of an Optical Frequency Comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 163905 (2006).

Matos, L.

Matuschek, N.

Metzger, Th.

Morgner, U.

Motzkus, M.

B. von Vacano and M. Motzkus, "Time-resolved two color single-beam CARS employing supercontinuum and femtosecond pulse shaping," Opt. Commun. 264, 488-493 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mücke, O.

Mücke, O. D.

Nakajima, T.

T. Nakajima and S. Watanabe, "Effects of the Carrier-Envelope Phase in the Multiphoton Ionization Regime," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 213001 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nürnberger, P.

G. Vogt, P. Nürnberger, R. Selle, F. Dimler, T. Brixner, and G. Gerber, "Analysis of femtosecond quantum control mechanisms with colored double pulses," Phys. Rev. A 74, 033413 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Oates, C. W.

T. M. Fortier, Y. Le Coq, J. E. Stalnaker, D. Ortega, S. A. Diddams, C. W. Oates, and L. Hollberg, "Kilohertz-Resolution Spectroscopy of Cold Atoms with an Optical Frequency Comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Offerhaus, H. L.

Oron, D.

N. Dudovich, D. Oron, and Y. Silberberg, "Single-pulse coherently controlled nonlinear Raman spectroscopy and microscopy," Nature 418, 512-514 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ortega, D.

T. M. Fortier, Y. Le Coq, J. E. Stalnaker, D. Ortega, S. A. Diddams, C. W. Oates, and L. Hollberg, "Kilohertz-Resolution Spectroscopy of Cold Atoms with an Optical Frequency Comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Paulus, G. G.

A. Apolonski, P. Dombi, G. G. Paulus, M. Kakehata, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, Ch. Lemell, K. Torizuka, J. Burgdörfer, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Observation of Light-Phase-Sensitive Photoemission from a Metal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 073902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Postma, S.

Rausch, S.

Rice, S. A.

D. J. Tannor, R. Kosloff, and S. A. Rice, "Coherent pulse sequence induced control of selectivity of reactions: exact quantum mechanical calculations," J. Chem. Phys. 85, 5805 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Rittweger, E.

T. Binhammer, E. Rittweger, R. Ell, F. X. Kärtner, and U. Morgner, "Spectral Phase Control and Temporal Superresolution towards Single-Cycle Pulses," Opt. Lett. 31, 1552-1554 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Binhammer, E. Rittweger, R. Ell, F. X. Kärtner, and U. Morgner, "Prism-based pulse shaper for octave spanning spectra," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 41, 1552-1557 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sander, M. Y.

Scherer, N. F.

T.-S. Yang, M.-S. Chang, R. Chang, M. Hayashi, S. H. Lin, P. Vöhringer, W. Dietz, and N. F. Scherer, "Femtosecond pump-probe study of molecular vibronic structures and dynamics of cyanine dye in solution," J. Chem. Phys. 110, 12070-12081 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Scheuer, V.

T. R. Schibli, O. Kuzucu, J. W. Kim, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, F. X. Kärtner, V. Scheuer, and G. Angelow, "Towards Single-Cycle Laser Systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 990-1001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. X. K¨artner, U. Morgner, R. Ell, T. Schibli, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, "Ultrabroadband double-chirped mirror pairs for generation of octave spectra," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 882-885 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Schibli, T.

Schibli, T. R.

L. Matos, D. Kleppner, O. Kuzucu, T. R. Schibli, J. Kim, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, "Direct frequency comb generation from an octave-spanning, prismless Ti:sapphire laser," Opt. Lett. 29, 1683-1685 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. R. Schibli, O. Kuzucu, J. W. Kim, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, F. X. Kärtner, V. Scheuer, and G. Angelow, "Towards Single-Cycle Laser Systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 990-1001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Selle, R.

G. Vogt, P. Nürnberger, R. Selle, F. Dimler, T. Brixner, and G. Gerber, "Analysis of femtosecond quantum control mechanisms with colored double pulses," Phys. Rev. A 74, 033413 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Silberberg, Y.

N. Dudovich, D. Oron, and Y. Silberberg, "Single-pulse coherently controlled nonlinear Raman spectroscopy and microscopy," Nature 418, 512-514 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stalnaker, J. E.

T. M. Fortier, Y. Le Coq, J. E. Stalnaker, D. Ortega, S. A. Diddams, C. W. Oates, and L. Hollberg, "Kilohertz-Resolution Spectroscopy of Cold Atoms with an Optical Frequency Comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Steinmeyer, G.

L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, N. Matuschek, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, C. Iaconis, and I. A. Walmsley, "Characterization of sub-6-fs optical pulses with spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction," Opt. Lett. 24, 1314-1316 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B 69, 327-332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stenger, J.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B 69, 327-332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stowe, M. C.

M. C. Stowe, F. C. Cruz, A. Marian, and J. Ye, "High Resolution Atomic Coherent Control via Spectral Phase Manipulation of an Optical Frequency Comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 163905 (2006).

Sutter, D. H.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B 69, 327-332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, N. Matuschek, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, C. Iaconis, and I. A. Walmsley, "Characterization of sub-6-fs optical pulses with spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction," Opt. Lett. 24, 1314-1316 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tannor, D. J.

D. J. Tannor, R. Kosloff, and S. A. Rice, "Coherent pulse sequence induced control of selectivity of reactions: exact quantum mechanical calculations," J. Chem. Phys. 85, 5805 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Teisset, C. Y.

Telle, H. R.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B 69, 327-332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Torizuka, K.

A. Apolonski, P. Dombi, G. G. Paulus, M. Kakehata, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, Ch. Lemell, K. Torizuka, J. Burgdörfer, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Observation of Light-Phase-Sensitive Photoemission from a Metal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 073902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tritschler, T.

Tschudi, T.

Udem, T.

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hnsch, "Optical frequency metrology," Nature 416, 233-237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Udem, Th.

A. Apolonski, P. Dombi, G. G. Paulus, M. Kakehata, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, Ch. Lemell, K. Torizuka, J. Burgdörfer, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Observation of Light-Phase-Sensitive Photoemission from a Metal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 073902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van Rhijn, A. C.W.

Vogt, G.

G. Vogt, P. Nürnberger, R. Selle, F. Dimler, T. Brixner, and G. Gerber, "Analysis of femtosecond quantum control mechanisms with colored double pulses," Phys. Rev. A 74, 033413 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vöhringer, P.

T.-S. Yang, M.-S. Chang, R. Chang, M. Hayashi, S. H. Lin, P. Vöhringer, W. Dietz, and N. F. Scherer, "Femtosecond pump-probe study of molecular vibronic structures and dynamics of cyanine dye in solution," J. Chem. Phys. 110, 12070-12081 (1999).
[CrossRef]

von Vacano, B.

B. von Vacano and M. Motzkus, "Time-resolved two color single-beam CARS employing supercontinuum and femtosecond pulse shaping," Opt. Commun. 264, 488-493 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Walmsley, I. A.

Watanabe, S.

S. Adachi, H. Ishii, T. Kanai, N. Ishii, A. Kosuge, and S. Watanabe, "1.5 mJ, 6.4 fs parametric chirped-pulse amplification system at 1 kHz," Opt. Lett. 32, 2487-2489 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Nakajima and S. Watanabe, "Effects of the Carrier-Envelope Phase in the Multiphoton Ionization Regime," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 213001 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wegener, M.

Weiner, A. M.

A. M. Weiner, "Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, (2000).
[CrossRef]

Winter, A.

Yang, T.-S.

T.-S. Yang, M.-S. Chang, R. Chang, M. Hayashi, S. H. Lin, P. Vöhringer, W. Dietz, and N. F. Scherer, "Femtosecond pump-probe study of molecular vibronic structures and dynamics of cyanine dye in solution," J. Chem. Phys. 110, 12070-12081 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ye, J.

M. C. Stowe, F. C. Cruz, A. Marian, and J. Ye, "High Resolution Atomic Coherent Control via Spectral Phase Manipulation of an Optical Frequency Comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 163905 (2006).

Appl. Phys. B (1)

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B 69, 327-332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

T. R. Schibli, O. Kuzucu, J. W. Kim, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, F. X. Kärtner, V. Scheuer, and G. Angelow, "Towards Single-Cycle Laser Systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 990-1001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Binhammer, E. Rittweger, R. Ell, F. X. Kärtner, and U. Morgner, "Prism-based pulse shaper for octave spanning spectra," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 41, 1552-1557 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (2)

D. J. Tannor, R. Kosloff, and S. A. Rice, "Coherent pulse sequence induced control of selectivity of reactions: exact quantum mechanical calculations," J. Chem. Phys. 85, 5805 (1986).
[CrossRef]

T.-S. Yang, M.-S. Chang, R. Chang, M. Hayashi, S. H. Lin, P. Vöhringer, W. Dietz, and N. F. Scherer, "Femtosecond pump-probe study of molecular vibronic structures and dynamics of cyanine dye in solution," J. Chem. Phys. 110, 12070-12081 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Nature (2)

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hnsch, "Optical frequency metrology," Nature 416, 233-237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Dudovich, D. Oron, and Y. Silberberg, "Single-pulse coherently controlled nonlinear Raman spectroscopy and microscopy," Nature 418, 512-514 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

B. von Vacano and M. Motzkus, "Time-resolved two color single-beam CARS employing supercontinuum and femtosecond pulse shaping," Opt. Commun. 264, 488-493 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (8)

A. Bartels, R. Gebs, M. S. Kirchner, and S. A. Diddams, "Spectrally resolved optical frequency comb from a self-referenced 5 GHz femtosecond laser," Opt. Lett. 32, 2553-2555 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. M. Crespo, J. R. Birge, E. L. Falcão-Filho, M. Y. Sander, A. Benedick, and F. X. Kärtner, "Nonintrusive phase stabilization of sub-two-cycle pulses from a prismless octave-spanning Ti:sapphire laser," Opt. Lett. 33, 833-835 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. D. Mücke, T. Tritschler, M. Wegener, U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, G. Khitrova, and H. M. Gibbs, "Carrier-wave Rabi flopping: role of the carrier-envelope phase," Opt. Lett. 29, 2160-2162 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Binhammer, E. Rittweger, R. Ell, F. X. Kärtner, and U. Morgner, "Spectral Phase Control and Temporal Superresolution towards Single-Cycle Pulses," Opt. Lett. 31, 1552-1554 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Fuji, N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, X. Gu, Th. Metzger, A. Baltuska, N. Forget, D. Kaplan, A. Galvanauskas, and F. Krausz, "Parametric amplification of few-cycle carrier-envelope phase-stable pulses at 2.1 m," Opt. Lett. 31, 1103-1105 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Adachi, H. Ishii, T. Kanai, N. Ishii, A. Kosuge, and S. Watanabe, "1.5 mJ, 6.4 fs parametric chirped-pulse amplification system at 1 kHz," Opt. Lett. 32, 2487-2489 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, N. Matuschek, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, C. Iaconis, and I. A. Walmsley, "Characterization of sub-6-fs optical pulses with spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction," Opt. Lett. 24, 1314-1316 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Matos, D. Kleppner, O. Kuzucu, T. R. Schibli, J. Kim, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, "Direct frequency comb generation from an octave-spanning, prismless Ti:sapphire laser," Opt. Lett. 29, 1683-1685 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

G. Vogt, P. Nürnberger, R. Selle, F. Dimler, T. Brixner, and G. Gerber, "Analysis of femtosecond quantum control mechanisms with colored double pulses," Phys. Rev. A 74, 033413 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

T. M. Fortier, Y. Le Coq, J. E. Stalnaker, D. Ortega, S. A. Diddams, C. W. Oates, and L. Hollberg, "Kilohertz-Resolution Spectroscopy of Cold Atoms with an Optical Frequency Comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Stowe, F. C. Cruz, A. Marian, and J. Ye, "High Resolution Atomic Coherent Control via Spectral Phase Manipulation of an Optical Frequency Comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 163905 (2006).

T. Nakajima and S. Watanabe, "Effects of the Carrier-Envelope Phase in the Multiphoton Ionization Regime," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 213001 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Apolonski, P. Dombi, G. G. Paulus, M. Kakehata, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, Ch. Lemell, K. Torizuka, J. Burgdörfer, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Observation of Light-Phase-Sensitive Photoemission from a Metal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 073902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

A. M. Weiner, "Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

Jenoptik Germany, "SLM-S640d Technical Documentation," Jenoptik LOS, 2006.

F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and S. T. Cundiff, "Femtosecond Laser Development," in Femtosecond Optical Frequency Comb: Principle, Operation, and Applications, J. Ye and S. T. Cundiff, eds. (Springer Science and Business Media, Inc., 2005), pp. 54-77.
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Octave-spanning Ti:sapphire seed oscillator [5]; (a) Optical setup - BD: beam dump, L: focusing lens, M1–M7: dispersion compensating mirrors, OC: output coupling mirror, P: BaF2 plate, PM: pump aligning mirror, W1/W2: BaF2 Wedges, X: Ti:sapphire crystal. (b) Octave-spanning output spectrum shown on a linear (left) and logarithmic scale (right).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

CEO-phase stabilization of the octave-spanning Ti:sapphire seed oscillator [5]; (a) CEO-frequency measurement (RBW: 100 kHz); (b) Phase-stabilized pulse characterized to be as short as short as 4.4 fs (FWHM).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Prism-based pulse shaper - optical setup; f: focal length, LP: linear polarizer, M: mirror, M660: large focusing mirror (f=660 mm), Mc: focusing mirror, PFS: fused silica prism, PSF59: SF59 prism, SLM: spatial light modulator (A/B: display numbers).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Phase-only pulse shaping; (a) Available spectrum for pulse shaping experiments together with flattened spectral phase. (b) Corresponding pulse in the time domain featuring a duration as short as 4.2 fs (FWHM).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Ultrashort pulse generated by phase and amplitude shaping; (a) M-shaped shaped spectrum (solid line) and input spectrum (dotted line) with flattened spectral phase. (b) Resulting pulse in the time domain characterized to be as short as 3.6 fs (FWHM).

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Electric field of a shaped 3.6 fs-short laser pulse; (b) Magnified field maximum with assumed zero CEO-phase; (c) Magnified field maximum with assumed CEO-phase of π/2.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Pulse sequence generated by phase-only shaping; (a) Underlying pulse spectrum and modulated spectral phase; (b) Resulting pulse sequence in the time domain with a duration for the single pulses as short as 4.5 fs (FWHM).

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Sinc-shaped pulse generated by a combination of phase and amplitude shaping; (a) Rectangular spectrum with flat spectral phase; (b) Measured and calculated sinc-shaped pulse in the time domain.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Pump-dump-type experiment with the laser dye HDITCP; (a) Fluorescence change in dependence of the time delay between pump- and probe pulse. For negative delays the probe arrives before the dump pulse. The illustrated plot shows the average of 10 single measurements, a constant background is subtracted due to a reference measurement; (b) Corresponding frequency spectrum. The measured vibrational modes match the literature values given in [29] (dashed lines) well. The resolution was limited to about 2 THz (67 cm-1).

Metrics