Abstract

This paper addresses the problem of a photonic crystal (PhC) superprism design for coarse wavelength division multiplexing (CWDM) application. The proposed solution consists in using a PhC structure that presents an efficient balance between the wavelength dispersion and the beam divergence. It is shown that a bidimensional rhombohedral lattice PhC displays both a high beam collimation and an important wavelength dependant angular dispersion. We report the design, fabrication and experimental demonstration of a 4-channel optical demultiplexer with a spectral spacing of 25 nm and a cross-talk level of better than -16 dB using a 2800 μm2 PhC region. The minimum of insertion losses of the demultiplexer is less than 2 dB. The obtained results present an important milestone toward PhC devices for practical applications.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J.-M. Lourtioz, Photonic Crystals - Towards Nanoscale Photonic Devices (Springer, 2005).
  2. H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, "Superprism phenomena in photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 58, 10096-10099 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. Baba and M. Nakamura, "Photonic Crystal Light Deflection Devices Using the Superprism Effect," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 909-914 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Lupu, E. Cassan, S. Laval, L. El Melhaoui, P. Lyan, and J. M. Fedeli, "Experimental evidence for superprism phenomena in SOI photonic crystals," Opt. Express 12, 5690-5696 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. B. Momeni and A. Adibi, "Adiabatic matching stage for coupling of light to extended Bloch modes of photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 171104 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Witzens, M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, and A. Scherer, "Mode matching interface for efficient coupling of light into planar photonic crystals," Phys. Rev E 69, 046609 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. Baba and D. Ohsaki, "Interfaces of photonic crystals for high efficiency light transmission," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 5920-5924 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S.-G. Lee, J.-s. Choi, J.-E. Kim, H. Y. Park, and C.-S. Kee, "Reflection minimization at two-dimensional photonic crystal interfaces," Opt. Express. 16, 4270-4277 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. Matsumoto and T. Baba, "Photonic crystal k-vector superprism," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 917-922 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. Luo, M. Solja�?i�?, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Superprism effect based on phase velocities," Opt. Lett. 29, 745-747 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  11. T. Matsumoto, S. Fujita, and T. Baba, "Wavelength demultiplexer consisting of Photonic crystal superprism and superlens," Opt. Express 13, 10768-10776 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  12. B. Momeni and A. Adibi, "Preconditioned superprism-based photonic crystal demultiplexers: analysis and design," Appl. Opt. 45, 8466-8476 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. B. Momeni, J. Huang, M. Soltani, M. Askari, S. Mohammadi, M. Rakhshandehroo, and A. Adibi, "Compact wavelength demultiplexing using focusing negative index photonic crystal superprisms," Opt. Express 14, 2413-2422 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  14. T. Baba and T. Matsumoto, "Resolution of photonic crystal superprism," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2325-2327 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. Witzens, M. Loncar, and A. Scherer, "Self-collimation in planar photonic crystals," J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 1246-1257 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  16. S. G. Johnson and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Block-iterative frequency-domain methods for Maxwell's equations in a planewave basis," Opt. Express 8, 173-190 (2001).
  17. M. J. Steel, R. Zoli, C. Grillet, R. C. McPhedran, C. Martijin de Sterke, A. Norton, P. Bassi, and B. J. Eggleton, "Analytic properties of photonic crystal superprism parameters," Phys. Rev. E 71, 056608 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2008

S.-G. Lee, J.-s. Choi, J.-E. Kim, H. Y. Park, and C.-S. Kee, "Reflection minimization at two-dimensional photonic crystal interfaces," Opt. Express. 16, 4270-4277 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006

2005

T. Matsumoto, S. Fujita, and T. Baba, "Wavelength demultiplexer consisting of Photonic crystal superprism and superlens," Opt. Express 13, 10768-10776 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Momeni and A. Adibi, "Adiabatic matching stage for coupling of light to extended Bloch modes of photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 171104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Steel, R. Zoli, C. Grillet, R. C. McPhedran, C. Martijin de Sterke, A. Norton, P. Bassi, and B. J. Eggleton, "Analytic properties of photonic crystal superprism parameters," Phys. Rev. E 71, 056608 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

2002

T. Baba and M. Nakamura, "Photonic Crystal Light Deflection Devices Using the Superprism Effect," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 909-914 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Baba and T. Matsumoto, "Resolution of photonic crystal superprism," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2325-2327 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Witzens, M. Loncar, and A. Scherer, "Self-collimation in planar photonic crystals," J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 1246-1257 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

S. G. Johnson and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Block-iterative frequency-domain methods for Maxwell's equations in a planewave basis," Opt. Express 8, 173-190 (2001).

T. Baba and D. Ohsaki, "Interfaces of photonic crystals for high efficiency light transmission," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 5920-5924 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, "Superprism phenomena in photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 58, 10096-10099 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Adibi, A.

Askari, M.

Baba, T.

T. Matsumoto, S. Fujita, and T. Baba, "Wavelength demultiplexer consisting of Photonic crystal superprism and superlens," Opt. Express 13, 10768-10776 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Matsumoto and T. Baba, "Photonic crystal k-vector superprism," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 917-922 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Baba and T. Matsumoto, "Resolution of photonic crystal superprism," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2325-2327 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Baba and M. Nakamura, "Photonic Crystal Light Deflection Devices Using the Superprism Effect," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 909-914 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Baba and D. Ohsaki, "Interfaces of photonic crystals for high efficiency light transmission," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 5920-5924 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Baehr-Jones, T.

J. Witzens, M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, and A. Scherer, "Mode matching interface for efficient coupling of light into planar photonic crystals," Phys. Rev E 69, 046609 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bassi, P.

M. J. Steel, R. Zoli, C. Grillet, R. C. McPhedran, C. Martijin de Sterke, A. Norton, P. Bassi, and B. J. Eggleton, "Analytic properties of photonic crystal superprism parameters," Phys. Rev. E 71, 056608 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cassan, E.

Choi, J.-s.

S.-G. Lee, J.-s. Choi, J.-E. Kim, H. Y. Park, and C.-S. Kee, "Reflection minimization at two-dimensional photonic crystal interfaces," Opt. Express. 16, 4270-4277 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

M. J. Steel, R. Zoli, C. Grillet, R. C. McPhedran, C. Martijin de Sterke, A. Norton, P. Bassi, and B. J. Eggleton, "Analytic properties of photonic crystal superprism parameters," Phys. Rev. E 71, 056608 (2005).
[CrossRef]

El Melhaoui, L.

Fedeli, J. M.

Fujita, S.

Grillet, C.

M. J. Steel, R. Zoli, C. Grillet, R. C. McPhedran, C. Martijin de Sterke, A. Norton, P. Bassi, and B. J. Eggleton, "Analytic properties of photonic crystal superprism parameters," Phys. Rev. E 71, 056608 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hochberg, M.

J. Witzens, M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, and A. Scherer, "Mode matching interface for efficient coupling of light into planar photonic crystals," Phys. Rev E 69, 046609 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Huang, J.

Joannopoulos, J. D.

Johnson, S. G.

Kawakami, S.

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, "Superprism phenomena in photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 58, 10096-10099 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kawashima, T.

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, "Superprism phenomena in photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 58, 10096-10099 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kee, C.-S.

S.-G. Lee, J.-s. Choi, J.-E. Kim, H. Y. Park, and C.-S. Kee, "Reflection minimization at two-dimensional photonic crystal interfaces," Opt. Express. 16, 4270-4277 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.-E.

S.-G. Lee, J.-s. Choi, J.-E. Kim, H. Y. Park, and C.-S. Kee, "Reflection minimization at two-dimensional photonic crystal interfaces," Opt. Express. 16, 4270-4277 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kosaka, H.

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, "Superprism phenomena in photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 58, 10096-10099 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Laval, S.

Lee, S.-G.

S.-G. Lee, J.-s. Choi, J.-E. Kim, H. Y. Park, and C.-S. Kee, "Reflection minimization at two-dimensional photonic crystal interfaces," Opt. Express. 16, 4270-4277 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Loncar, M.

J. Witzens, M. Loncar, and A. Scherer, "Self-collimation in planar photonic crystals," J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 1246-1257 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Luo, C.

Lupu, A.

Lyan, P.

Martijin de Sterke, C.

M. J. Steel, R. Zoli, C. Grillet, R. C. McPhedran, C. Martijin de Sterke, A. Norton, P. Bassi, and B. J. Eggleton, "Analytic properties of photonic crystal superprism parameters," Phys. Rev. E 71, 056608 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Matsumoto, T.

McPhedran, R. C.

M. J. Steel, R. Zoli, C. Grillet, R. C. McPhedran, C. Martijin de Sterke, A. Norton, P. Bassi, and B. J. Eggleton, "Analytic properties of photonic crystal superprism parameters," Phys. Rev. E 71, 056608 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mohammadi, S.

Momeni, B.

Nakamura, M.

T. Baba and M. Nakamura, "Photonic Crystal Light Deflection Devices Using the Superprism Effect," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 909-914 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Norton, A.

M. J. Steel, R. Zoli, C. Grillet, R. C. McPhedran, C. Martijin de Sterke, A. Norton, P. Bassi, and B. J. Eggleton, "Analytic properties of photonic crystal superprism parameters," Phys. Rev. E 71, 056608 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Notomi, M.

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, "Superprism phenomena in photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 58, 10096-10099 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ohsaki, D.

T. Baba and D. Ohsaki, "Interfaces of photonic crystals for high efficiency light transmission," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 5920-5924 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Park, H. Y.

S.-G. Lee, J.-s. Choi, J.-E. Kim, H. Y. Park, and C.-S. Kee, "Reflection minimization at two-dimensional photonic crystal interfaces," Opt. Express. 16, 4270-4277 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rakhshandehroo, M.

Sato, T.

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, "Superprism phenomena in photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 58, 10096-10099 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, A.

J. Witzens, M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, and A. Scherer, "Mode matching interface for efficient coupling of light into planar photonic crystals," Phys. Rev E 69, 046609 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Witzens, M. Loncar, and A. Scherer, "Self-collimation in planar photonic crystals," J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 1246-1257 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Solja??i??, M.

Soltani, M.

Steel, M. J.

M. J. Steel, R. Zoli, C. Grillet, R. C. McPhedran, C. Martijin de Sterke, A. Norton, P. Bassi, and B. J. Eggleton, "Analytic properties of photonic crystal superprism parameters," Phys. Rev. E 71, 056608 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tamamura, T.

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, "Superprism phenomena in photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 58, 10096-10099 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tomita, A.

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, "Superprism phenomena in photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 58, 10096-10099 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Witzens, J.

J. Witzens, M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, and A. Scherer, "Mode matching interface for efficient coupling of light into planar photonic crystals," Phys. Rev E 69, 046609 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Witzens, M. Loncar, and A. Scherer, "Self-collimation in planar photonic crystals," J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 1246-1257 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zoli, R.

M. J. Steel, R. Zoli, C. Grillet, R. C. McPhedran, C. Martijin de Sterke, A. Norton, P. Bassi, and B. J. Eggleton, "Analytic properties of photonic crystal superprism parameters," Phys. Rev. E 71, 056608 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

B. Momeni and A. Adibi, "Adiabatic matching stage for coupling of light to extended Bloch modes of photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 171104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Baba and T. Matsumoto, "Resolution of photonic crystal superprism," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2325-2327 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

T. Baba and M. Nakamura, "Photonic Crystal Light Deflection Devices Using the Superprism Effect," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 909-914 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

J. Witzens, M. Loncar, and A. Scherer, "Self-collimation in planar photonic crystals," J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 1246-1257 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

T. Baba and D. Ohsaki, "Interfaces of photonic crystals for high efficiency light transmission," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 5920-5924 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Express.

S.-G. Lee, J.-s. Choi, J.-E. Kim, H. Y. Park, and C.-S. Kee, "Reflection minimization at two-dimensional photonic crystal interfaces," Opt. Express. 16, 4270-4277 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev E

J. Witzens, M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, and A. Scherer, "Mode matching interface for efficient coupling of light into planar photonic crystals," Phys. Rev E 69, 046609 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, "Superprism phenomena in photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 58, 10096-10099 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E

M. J. Steel, R. Zoli, C. Grillet, R. C. McPhedran, C. Martijin de Sterke, A. Norton, P. Bassi, and B. J. Eggleton, "Analytic properties of photonic crystal superprism parameters," Phys. Rev. E 71, 056608 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other

J.-M. Lourtioz, Photonic Crystals - Towards Nanoscale Photonic Devices (Springer, 2005).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics