Abstract

Coexistent optical parametric oscillation (OPO) and stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) are demonstrated in an X-cut KTiOAsO4 (KTA) crystal. The 30-mm-long KTA crystal is placed within a diode-end-pumped acousto-optically (AO) Q-switched Nd:YAG laser cavity to construct an intracavity optical parametric oscillator. Coexistent Raman conversion of the fundamental wave is observed from the KTA crystal. With a diode power of 7.43 W and a pulse repetition rate (PRR) of 20 kHz, a signal (1535.0 nm) power of 0.92 W is obtained, corresponding to a diode-to-signal conversion efficiency of 12.4%. A first-Stokes (1091.4 nm) power of 0.17 W is obtained.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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  21. G. H. Watson, "Polarized Raman spectra of KTiOAsO4 and isomorphic nonlinear-optical crystals," J. Raman Spectrosc. 22, 705-713 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  22. C. S. Tu, A. R. Guo, R. W. Tao, R. S. Katiyar, R. Y. Guo, and A. S. Bhalla, "Temperature dependent Raman scattering in KTiOPO4 and KTiOAsO4 single crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 79, 3235-3240 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  23. Z. J. Liu, Q. P. Wang, X. Y. Zhang, Z. J. Liu, J. chang, H. Wang, S. S. Zhang, S. Z. Fan, S. T. Li, G. F. Jin, X. T. Tao, S. J. Zhang, and H. J. Zhang, "A KTiOAsO4 Raman laser," Appl. Phys. B (submitted).
  24. G. P. Dzhotyan, Yu. E. D'yakov, S. M. Pershin and A. I. Kholodnykh, "Competition between stimulated Raman scattering and parametric oscillation in the resonator of an optical parametric oscillator with an LiIO3 crystal," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 685-691 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  25. T. Debuisschert, J. Raffy, J. P. Pocholle, and M. Papuchon, "Intracavity optical parametric oscillator: Study of the dynamics in pulsed regime," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 1569-1587 (1996).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (3)

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

2004 (3)

T. T. Basiev, A.V. Gavrilov, V. V. Osiko, S. N. Smetanin, and A.V. Fedin, "High-average-power SRS conversion of radiation in a BaWO4 crystal," Quantum Electron. 34, 649-651 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Cerny, H. Jelinkova, P. G. Zverev, and T. T. Basiev, "Solid state lasers with Raman frequency conversion," Prog. Quantum Electron. 28, 113-143 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Tillman, D. T. Reid, D. Artigas, and T. Y. Jiang, "Idler-resonant femtosecond tandem optical parametric oscillator tuning from 2.1 μm to 4.2 μm," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 1551-1558 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

G. M. A. Gad, H. J. Eichler, and A. A. Kaminskii, "Highly efficient 1.3 μm second-stokes PbWO4 Raman laser," Opt. Lett. 28, 426-428 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. F. Chen, S. W. Chen, S. W. Tsai, and Y. P. Lan, "High-repetition-rate eye-safe optical parametric oscillator intracavity pumped by a diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:YVO4 laser," Appl. Phys. B 76, 263-266 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. Pasiskevicious, A. Fragemann, F. Laurell, R. Butkus, V. Smilgevicius and A. Piskarskas, "Enhanced stimulated Raman scattering in optical parametric oscillators from periodically poled KTiOPO4," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 325-327 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

1999 (1)

K. L. Vodopyanov, J. P. Maffetone, I. Zwieback, and W. Ruderman, "AgGaS2 optical parametric oscillator continuously tunable from 3.9 to 11.3 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1204-1206 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (3)

G. H. Xiao, M. Bass, and M. Acharekar, "Passively Q-switched solid-state lasers with intracavity optical parametric oscillators," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2241-2245 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Webb, P. F. Moulton, J. J. Kasinski, R. L. Burnham, G. Loiacono, and R. Stolzenberger, "High-average-power KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 23, 1161-1163 (1998).
[CrossRef]

B. Ruffing, A. Nebel, and R. Wallenstein, "All-solid-state cw mode-locked picosecond KTiOAsO4 (KTA) optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. B 67, 537-544 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

C. S. Tu, A. R. Guo, R. W. Tao, R. S. Katiyar, R. Y. Guo, and A. S. Bhalla, "Temperature dependent Raman scattering in KTiOPO4 and KTiOAsO4 single crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 79, 3235-3240 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Debuisschert, J. Raffy, J. P. Pocholle, and M. Papuchon, "Intracavity optical parametric oscillator: Study of the dynamics in pulsed regime," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 1569-1587 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1991 (1)

G. H. Watson, "Polarized Raman spectra of KTiOAsO4 and isomorphic nonlinear-optical crystals," J. Raman Spectrosc. 22, 705-713 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

G. P. Dzhotyan, Yu. E. D'yakov, S. M. Pershin and A. I. Kholodnykh, "Competition between stimulated Raman scattering and parametric oscillation in the resonator of an optical parametric oscillator with an LiIO3 crystal," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 685-691 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Acharekar, M.

G. H. Xiao, M. Bass, and M. Acharekar, "Passively Q-switched solid-state lasers with intracavity optical parametric oscillators," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2241-2245 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Arie, A.

Artigas, D.

Austin, W.

Basiev, T. T.

T. T. Basiev, A.V. Gavrilov, V. V. Osiko, S. N. Smetanin, and A.V. Fedin, "High-average-power SRS conversion of radiation in a BaWO4 crystal," Quantum Electron. 34, 649-651 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Cerny, H. Jelinkova, P. G. Zverev, and T. T. Basiev, "Solid state lasers with Raman frequency conversion," Prog. Quantum Electron. 28, 113-143 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bass, M.

G. H. Xiao, M. Bass, and M. Acharekar, "Passively Q-switched solid-state lasers with intracavity optical parametric oscillators," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2241-2245 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Beigang, R.

Ch. Grässer, R. Beigang and R. Wallensein, "Simultaneous Raman oscillation within a cw modelocked synchronously pumped KTA optical parametric oscillator," CLEO �??97 CWB6, 201-202 (1997).

Bhalla, A. S.

C. S. Tu, A. R. Guo, R. W. Tao, R. S. Katiyar, R. Y. Guo, and A. S. Bhalla, "Temperature dependent Raman scattering in KTiOPO4 and KTiOAsO4 single crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 79, 3235-3240 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Burnham, R. L.

Butkus, R.

V. Pasiskevicious, A. Fragemann, F. Laurell, R. Butkus, V. Smilgevicius and A. Piskarskas, "Enhanced stimulated Raman scattering in optical parametric oscillators from periodically poled KTiOPO4," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 325-327 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cerny, P.

P. Cerny, H. Jelinkova, P. G. Zverev, and T. T. Basiev, "Solid state lasers with Raman frequency conversion," Prog. Quantum Electron. 28, 113-143 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S. W.

Y. F. Chen, S. W. Chen, S. W. Tsai, and Y. P. Lan, "High-repetition-rate eye-safe optical parametric oscillator intracavity pumped by a diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:YVO4 laser," Appl. Phys. B 76, 263-266 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. F.

Y. F. Chen, K. W. Su, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, and M. H. Jiang, "Efficient diode-pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YAG/BaWO4 intracavity Raman laser," Opt. Lett. 30, 3335-3337 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen, S. W. Chen, S. W. Tsai, and Y. P. Lan, "High-repetition-rate eye-safe optical parametric oscillator intracavity pumped by a diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:YVO4 laser," Appl. Phys. B 76, 263-266 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cong, Z. H.

Debuisschert, T.

Dzhotyan, G. P.

G. P. Dzhotyan, Yu. E. D'yakov, S. M. Pershin and A. I. Kholodnykh, "Competition between stimulated Raman scattering and parametric oscillation in the resonator of an optical parametric oscillator with an LiIO3 crystal," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 685-691 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Eichler, H. J.

Fedin, A.V.

T. T. Basiev, A.V. Gavrilov, V. V. Osiko, S. N. Smetanin, and A.V. Fedin, "High-average-power SRS conversion of radiation in a BaWO4 crystal," Quantum Electron. 34, 649-651 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fragemann, A.

V. Pasiskevicious, A. Fragemann, F. Laurell, R. Butkus, V. Smilgevicius and A. Piskarskas, "Enhanced stimulated Raman scattering in optical parametric oscillators from periodically poled KTiOPO4," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 325-327 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gad, G. M. A.

Gavrilov, A.V.

T. T. Basiev, A.V. Gavrilov, V. V. Osiko, S. N. Smetanin, and A.V. Fedin, "High-average-power SRS conversion of radiation in a BaWO4 crystal," Quantum Electron. 34, 649-651 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Grässer, Ch.

Ch. Grässer, R. Beigang and R. Wallensein, "Simultaneous Raman oscillation within a cw modelocked synchronously pumped KTA optical parametric oscillator," CLEO �??97 CWB6, 201-202 (1997).

Guo, A. R.

C. S. Tu, A. R. Guo, R. W. Tao, R. S. Katiyar, R. Y. Guo, and A. S. Bhalla, "Temperature dependent Raman scattering in KTiOPO4 and KTiOAsO4 single crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 79, 3235-3240 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Guo, R. Y.

C. S. Tu, A. R. Guo, R. W. Tao, R. S. Katiyar, R. Y. Guo, and A. S. Bhalla, "Temperature dependent Raman scattering in KTiOPO4 and KTiOAsO4 single crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 79, 3235-3240 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Henderson, A.

Jelinkova, H.

P. Cerny, H. Jelinkova, P. G. Zverev, and T. T. Basiev, "Solid state lasers with Raman frequency conversion," Prog. Quantum Electron. 28, 113-143 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, M. H.

Jiang, T. Y.

Kaminskii, A. A.

Kasinski, J. J.

Katiyar, R. S.

C. S. Tu, A. R. Guo, R. W. Tao, R. S. Katiyar, R. Y. Guo, and A. S. Bhalla, "Temperature dependent Raman scattering in KTiOPO4 and KTiOAsO4 single crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 79, 3235-3240 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lai, K. S.

Lan, Y. P.

Y. F. Chen, S. W. Chen, S. W. Tsai, and Y. P. Lan, "High-repetition-rate eye-safe optical parametric oscillator intracavity pumped by a diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:YVO4 laser," Appl. Phys. B 76, 263-266 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lau, E.

Laurell, F.

V. Pasiskevicious, A. Fragemann, F. Laurell, R. Butkus, V. Smilgevicius and A. Piskarskas, "Enhanced stimulated Raman scattering in optical parametric oscillators from periodically poled KTiOPO4," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 325-327 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Li, S. T.

Lim, Y.

Liu, Z. J.

Z. J. Liu, Q. P. Wang, X. Y. Zhang, Z. J. Liu, J. chang, H. Wang, S. S. Zhang, S. Z. Fan, S. T. Li, G. F. Jin, X. T. Tao, S. J. Zhang, and H. J. Zhang, "A KTiOAsO4 Raman laser," Appl. Phys. B (submitted).

Z. J. Liu, Q. P. Wang, X. Y. Zhang, Z. J. Liu, J. chang, H. Wang, S. S. Zhang, S. Z. Fan, S. T. Li, G. F. Jin, X. T. Tao, S. J. Zhang, and H. J. Zhang, "A KTiOAsO4 Raman laser," Appl. Phys. B (submitted).

Loiacono, G.

Maffetone, J. P.

K. L. Vodopyanov, J. P. Maffetone, I. Zwieback, and W. Ruderman, "AgGaS2 optical parametric oscillator continuously tunable from 3.9 to 11.3 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1204-1206 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Meyn, J.-P.

Mildren, R. P.

Mlynek, J.

Moulton, P. F.

Murray, J. T.

Nebel, A.

B. Ruffing, A. Nebel, and R. Wallenstein, "All-solid-state cw mode-locked picosecond KTiOAsO4 (KTA) optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. B 67, 537-544 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Okishev, A. V.

Osiko, V. V.

T. T. Basiev, A.V. Gavrilov, V. V. Osiko, S. N. Smetanin, and A.V. Fedin, "High-average-power SRS conversion of radiation in a BaWO4 crystal," Quantum Electron. 34, 649-651 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Papuchon, M.

Pasiskevicious, V.

V. Pasiskevicious, A. Fragemann, F. Laurell, R. Butkus, V. Smilgevicius and A. Piskarskas, "Enhanced stimulated Raman scattering in optical parametric oscillators from periodically poled KTiOPO4," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 325-327 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pask, H. M.

J. A. Piper and H. M. Pask, "Crystalline Raman lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 13, 672-704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Peyghambarian, N.

Piper, J. A.

Piskarskas, A.

V. Pasiskevicious, A. Fragemann, F. Laurell, R. Butkus, V. Smilgevicius and A. Piskarskas, "Enhanced stimulated Raman scattering in optical parametric oscillators from periodically poled KTiOPO4," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 325-327 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pocholle, J. P.

Powell, R. C.

Raffy, J.

Reid, D. T.

Rosenman, G.

Ruderman, W.

K. L. Vodopyanov, J. P. Maffetone, I. Zwieback, and W. Ruderman, "AgGaS2 optical parametric oscillator continuously tunable from 3.9 to 11.3 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1204-1206 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ruffing, B.

B. Ruffing, A. Nebel, and R. Wallenstein, "All-solid-state cw mode-locked picosecond KTiOAsO4 (KTA) optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. B 67, 537-544 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Schiller, S.

Smetanin, S. N.

T. T. Basiev, A.V. Gavrilov, V. V. Osiko, S. N. Smetanin, and A.V. Fedin, "High-average-power SRS conversion of radiation in a BaWO4 crystal," Quantum Electron. 34, 649-651 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Smilgevicius, V.

V. Pasiskevicious, A. Fragemann, F. Laurell, R. Butkus, V. Smilgevicius and A. Piskarskas, "Enhanced stimulated Raman scattering in optical parametric oscillators from periodically poled KTiOPO4," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 325-327 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D.

Stafford, R.

Stolzenberger, R.

Stolzenberger, R. A.

Strö??ner, U.

Su, K. W.

Tao, R. W.

C. S. Tu, A. R. Guo, R. W. Tao, R. S. Katiyar, R. Y. Guo, and A. S. Bhalla, "Temperature dependent Raman scattering in KTiOPO4 and KTiOAsO4 single crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 79, 3235-3240 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tillman, K. A.

Tsai, S. W.

Y. F. Chen, S. W. Chen, S. W. Tsai, and Y. P. Lan, "High-repetition-rate eye-safe optical parametric oscillator intracavity pumped by a diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:YVO4 laser," Appl. Phys. B 76, 263-266 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tu, C. S.

C. S. Tu, A. R. Guo, R. W. Tao, R. S. Katiyar, R. Y. Guo, and A. S. Bhalla, "Temperature dependent Raman scattering in KTiOPO4 and KTiOAsO4 single crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 79, 3235-3240 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Urenski, P.

Vodopyanov, K. L.

K. L. Vodopyanov, J. P. Maffetone, I. Zwieback, and W. Ruderman, "AgGaS2 optical parametric oscillator continuously tunable from 3.9 to 11.3 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1204-1206 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wallensein, R.

Ch. Grässer, R. Beigang and R. Wallensein, "Simultaneous Raman oscillation within a cw modelocked synchronously pumped KTA optical parametric oscillator," CLEO �??97 CWB6, 201-202 (1997).

Wallenstein, R.

Wang, J. Y.

Wang, Q. P.

S. T. Li, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, X. L. Zhang, Z. H. Cong, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, "Diode-side-pumped intracavity frequency-doubled Nd:YAG/BaWO4 Raman laser generating average output power of 3.14 W at 590 nm," Opt. Lett. 32, 2951�??2953 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. J. Liu, Q. P. Wang, X. Y. Zhang, Z. J. Liu, J. chang, H. Wang, S. S. Zhang, S. Z. Fan, S. T. Li, G. F. Jin, X. T. Tao, S. J. Zhang, and H. J. Zhang, "A KTiOAsO4 Raman laser," Appl. Phys. B (submitted).

Watson, G. H.

G. H. Watson, "Polarized Raman spectra of KTiOAsO4 and isomorphic nonlinear-optical crystals," J. Raman Spectrosc. 22, 705-713 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Webb, M. S.

Wong, H.

Wu, R. F.

Xiao, G. H.

G. H. Xiao, M. Bass, and M. Acharekar, "Passively Q-switched solid-state lasers with intracavity optical parametric oscillators," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2241-2245 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Xie, W. -J.

Zhang, H. J.

Zhang, X. L.

Zhang, X. Y.

S. T. Li, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, X. L. Zhang, Z. H. Cong, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, "Diode-side-pumped intracavity frequency-doubled Nd:YAG/BaWO4 Raman laser generating average output power of 3.14 W at 590 nm," Opt. Lett. 32, 2951�??2953 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. J. Liu, Q. P. Wang, X. Y. Zhang, Z. J. Liu, J. chang, H. Wang, S. S. Zhang, S. Z. Fan, S. T. Li, G. F. Jin, X. T. Tao, S. J. Zhang, and H. J. Zhang, "A KTiOAsO4 Raman laser," Appl. Phys. B (submitted).

Zuegel, Z. D.

Zverev, P. G.

P. Cerny, H. Jelinkova, P. G. Zverev, and T. T. Basiev, "Solid state lasers with Raman frequency conversion," Prog. Quantum Electron. 28, 113-143 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zwieback, I.

K. L. Vodopyanov, J. P. Maffetone, I. Zwieback, and W. Ruderman, "AgGaS2 optical parametric oscillator continuously tunable from 3.9 to 11.3 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1204-1206 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (3)

B. Ruffing, A. Nebel, and R. Wallenstein, "All-solid-state cw mode-locked picosecond KTiOAsO4 (KTA) optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. B 67, 537-544 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen, S. W. Chen, S. W. Tsai, and Y. P. Lan, "High-repetition-rate eye-safe optical parametric oscillator intracavity pumped by a diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:YVO4 laser," Appl. Phys. B 76, 263-266 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Z. J. Liu, Q. P. Wang, X. Y. Zhang, Z. J. Liu, J. chang, H. Wang, S. S. Zhang, S. Z. Fan, S. T. Li, G. F. Jin, X. T. Tao, S. J. Zhang, and H. J. Zhang, "A KTiOAsO4 Raman laser," Appl. Phys. B (submitted).

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V. Pasiskevicious, A. Fragemann, F. Laurell, R. Butkus, V. Smilgevicius and A. Piskarskas, "Enhanced stimulated Raman scattering in optical parametric oscillators from periodically poled KTiOPO4," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 325-327 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Vodopyanov, J. P. Maffetone, I. Zwieback, and W. Ruderman, "AgGaS2 optical parametric oscillator continuously tunable from 3.9 to 11.3 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1204-1206 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. H. Xiao, M. Bass, and M. Acharekar, "Passively Q-switched solid-state lasers with intracavity optical parametric oscillators," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2241-2245 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. (1)

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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Opt. Express (3)

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P. Cerny, H. Jelinkova, P. G. Zverev, and T. T. Basiev, "Solid state lasers with Raman frequency conversion," Prog. Quantum Electron. 28, 113-143 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram for investigating the coexistent OPO and SRS in KTA: LD, fibercoupled laser diode; CL, coupling lens; RM, rear mirror; AO, acousto-optic Q-switch; OC, output coupler.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Optical spectra of the fundamental, first-Stokes and parametric signal waves with wavelengths of 1064.2 nm, 1091.4 nm and 1535.0 nm, respectively.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Output powers versus the incident pump power at the pulse repetition rate of 15, 20, 25 kHz: (a) 1535.0-nm signal wave; (b) 1091.4-nm first-Stokes wave.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Pulse shapes of the output waves with a pump power of 7.43 W and a pulse repetition rate of 20 kHz: (a) fundamental and signal waves; (b) fundamental and the first-Stokes waves.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Pulse widths versus incident pump power at pulse repetition rates of 15, 20, 25 kHz: (a) signal wave; (b) first-Stokes wave.

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