Abstract

We present quantum mechanical calculations of double ionization of HeH+ molecules by intense laser pulses at various intensities. The resulting two-electron momentum distributions exhibit a clear asymmetry, which depends on the laser intensity. The asymmetric charge configuration of HeH+ is responsible for the asymmetric two-electron momentum distributions. An approach to control the dynamics of double ionization of heteronuclear molecules is proposed.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, "Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1227-1230 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dorner, "Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization," Nature 405, 658-661 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schroter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Hohr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, "Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 043003 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. Weckenbrock, A. Becker, A. Staudte, S. kammer, M. Smolarski, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dorner, "Electron-electron momentum exchange in strong field double ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 123004 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, "High-energy cutoff in the spectrum of strong-field nonsequential double ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 133001 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. Becker and F. H. M. Faisal, "Interplay of electron correlation and intense field dynamics in the double ionization of Helium," Phys. Rev. A 59, R1742-R1745 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Lein, E. K. U. Gross, and V. Engel, "Intense-field double ionization of Helium: identifying the mechanism," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 4707-4710 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. R. Kopold, W. Becker, H. Rottke, and W. Sandner, "Routes to nonsequential double ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3781-3784 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, H. Schomerus, X. Liu, and W. Becker, "Electron-electron dynamics in laserinduced nonsequential double ionization," Phys. Rev. A 69, 043405 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  10. P. B. Corkum, "Plasma perspective on strong-field multiphoton ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994-1997 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. A. S. Alnaser, T. Osipov, E. P. Benis, A. Wech, B. Shan, C. L. Cocke, X. M. Tong, and C. D. Lin, "Rescattering double ionization of D2 and H2 by intense laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 163002 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. F. Legare, I. V. Litvinyuk, P. W. Dooley, F. Quere, A. D. Bandrauk, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, "Timeresolved double ionization with few cycle laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 093002 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. S. Saugout and C. Cornaggia, "Temporal separation of H2 double-ionization channels using intense ultrashort 10-fs laser pulses," Phys. Rev. A 73, 041406(R) (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  14. C. Beylerian, S. Saugout and C. Cornaggia, "Non-sequential double ionization of H2 using ultrashort 10 fs laser pulses," J. Phys. B 39, L105-L112 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  15. D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, A. B. Bardon, D. M. Villeneuve, R. Do, and P. B. Corkum, "Controlling attosecond double ionization dynamics via molecular alignment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 203003 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. M. Lein, T. Kreibich, E. K. U. Gross, and V. Engel, "Strong-field ionization dynamics of a model H2 molecule," Phys. Rev. A 65, 033403 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. D. Feit, J. A. Fleck, Jr., and A. Steiger, "Solution of the Schr ¨ odinger equation by a spectral method," J. Comput. Phys. 47, 412-433 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  18. S. Chelkowski, C. Foisy, and A. D. Bandrauk, "Electron-nuclear dynamics of multiphoton H+2 dissociative ionization in intense laser fields," Phys. Rev. A 57, 1176 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  19. X. M. Tong, K. Hino, and N. Toshima, "Phase-dependent atomic ionization in few-cycle intense laser fields," Phys. Rev. A 74, 031405(R) (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2006

J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, "High-energy cutoff in the spectrum of strong-field nonsequential double ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 133001 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Beylerian, S. Saugout and C. Cornaggia, "Non-sequential double ionization of H2 using ultrashort 10 fs laser pulses," J. Phys. B 39, L105-L112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, A. B. Bardon, D. M. Villeneuve, R. Do, and P. B. Corkum, "Controlling attosecond double ionization dynamics via molecular alignment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 203003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, H. Schomerus, X. Liu, and W. Becker, "Electron-electron dynamics in laserinduced nonsequential double ionization," Phys. Rev. A 69, 043405 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

A. S. Alnaser, T. Osipov, E. P. Benis, A. Wech, B. Shan, C. L. Cocke, X. M. Tong, and C. D. Lin, "Rescattering double ionization of D2 and H2 by intense laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 163002 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Legare, I. V. Litvinyuk, P. W. Dooley, F. Quere, A. D. Bandrauk, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, "Timeresolved double ionization with few cycle laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 093002 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Weckenbrock, A. Becker, A. Staudte, S. kammer, M. Smolarski, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dorner, "Electron-electron momentum exchange in strong field double ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 123004 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

M. Lein, T. Kreibich, E. K. U. Gross, and V. Engel, "Strong-field ionization dynamics of a model H2 molecule," Phys. Rev. A 65, 033403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schroter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Hohr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, "Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 043003 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dorner, "Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization," Nature 405, 658-661 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Lein, E. K. U. Gross, and V. Engel, "Intense-field double ionization of Helium: identifying the mechanism," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 4707-4710 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kopold, W. Becker, H. Rottke, and W. Sandner, "Routes to nonsequential double ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3781-3784 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

A. Becker and F. H. M. Faisal, "Interplay of electron correlation and intense field dynamics in the double ionization of Helium," Phys. Rev. A 59, R1742-R1745 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

S. Chelkowski, C. Foisy, and A. D. Bandrauk, "Electron-nuclear dynamics of multiphoton H+2 dissociative ionization in intense laser fields," Phys. Rev. A 57, 1176 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1994

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, "Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1227-1230 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993

P. B. Corkum, "Plasma perspective on strong-field multiphoton ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994-1997 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1982

M. D. Feit, J. A. Fleck, Jr., and A. Steiger, "Solution of the Schr ¨ odinger equation by a spectral method," J. Comput. Phys. 47, 412-433 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Agostini, P.

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, "Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1227-1230 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alnaser, A. S.

A. S. Alnaser, T. Osipov, E. P. Benis, A. Wech, B. Shan, C. L. Cocke, X. M. Tong, and C. D. Lin, "Rescattering double ionization of D2 and H2 by intense laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 163002 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bandrauk, A. D.

S. Chelkowski, C. Foisy, and A. D. Bandrauk, "Electron-nuclear dynamics of multiphoton H+2 dissociative ionization in intense laser fields," Phys. Rev. A 57, 1176 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bardon, A. B.

D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, A. B. Bardon, D. M. Villeneuve, R. Do, and P. B. Corkum, "Controlling attosecond double ionization dynamics via molecular alignment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 203003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Becker, A.

M. Weckenbrock, A. Becker, A. Staudte, S. kammer, M. Smolarski, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dorner, "Electron-electron momentum exchange in strong field double ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 123004 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Becker and F. H. M. Faisal, "Interplay of electron correlation and intense field dynamics in the double ionization of Helium," Phys. Rev. A 59, R1742-R1745 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Becker, W.

C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, H. Schomerus, X. Liu, and W. Becker, "Electron-electron dynamics in laserinduced nonsequential double ionization," Phys. Rev. A 69, 043405 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Kopold, W. Becker, H. Rottke, and W. Sandner, "Routes to nonsequential double ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3781-3784 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benis, E. P.

A. S. Alnaser, T. Osipov, E. P. Benis, A. Wech, B. Shan, C. L. Cocke, X. M. Tong, and C. D. Lin, "Rescattering double ionization of D2 and H2 by intense laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 163002 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beylerian, C.

C. Beylerian, S. Saugout and C. Cornaggia, "Non-sequential double ionization of H2 using ultrashort 10 fs laser pulses," J. Phys. B 39, L105-L112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Blaga, C. I.

J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, "High-energy cutoff in the spectrum of strong-field nonsequential double ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 133001 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chelkowski, S.

S. Chelkowski, C. Foisy, and A. D. Bandrauk, "Electron-nuclear dynamics of multiphoton H+2 dissociative ionization in intense laser fields," Phys. Rev. A 57, 1176 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cocke, C. L.

A. S. Alnaser, T. Osipov, E. P. Benis, A. Wech, B. Shan, C. L. Cocke, X. M. Tong, and C. D. Lin, "Rescattering double ionization of D2 and H2 by intense laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 163002 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corkum, P. B.

P. B. Corkum, "Plasma perspective on strong-field multiphoton ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994-1997 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cornaggia, C.

C. Beylerian, S. Saugout and C. Cornaggia, "Non-sequential double ionization of H2 using ultrashort 10 fs laser pulses," J. Phys. B 39, L105-L112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Saugout and C. Cornaggia, "Temporal separation of H2 double-ionization channels using intense ultrashort 10-fs laser pulses," Phys. Rev. A 73, 041406(R) (2006).
[CrossRef]

DiMauro, L. F.

J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, "High-energy cutoff in the spectrum of strong-field nonsequential double ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 133001 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, "Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1227-1230 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Do, R.

D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, A. B. Bardon, D. M. Villeneuve, R. Do, and P. B. Corkum, "Controlling attosecond double ionization dynamics via molecular alignment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 203003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Doherty, B. J. S.

J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, "High-energy cutoff in the spectrum of strong-field nonsequential double ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 133001 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dorn, A.

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schroter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Hohr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, "Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 043003 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dorner, R.

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dorner, "Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization," Nature 405, 658-661 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Engel, V.

M. Lein, T. Kreibich, E. K. U. Gross, and V. Engel, "Strong-field ionization dynamics of a model H2 molecule," Phys. Rev. A 65, 033403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Lein, E. K. U. Gross, and V. Engel, "Intense-field double ionization of Helium: identifying the mechanism," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 4707-4710 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Faisal, F. H. M.

A. Becker and F. H. M. Faisal, "Interplay of electron correlation and intense field dynamics in the double ionization of Helium," Phys. Rev. A 59, R1742-R1745 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Feit, M. D.

M. D. Feit, J. A. Fleck, Jr., and A. Steiger, "Solution of the Schr ¨ odinger equation by a spectral method," J. Comput. Phys. 47, 412-433 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Feuerstein, B.

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schroter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Hohr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, "Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 043003 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Figueira de Morisson Faria, C.

C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, H. Schomerus, X. Liu, and W. Becker, "Electron-electron dynamics in laserinduced nonsequential double ionization," Phys. Rev. A 69, 043405 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, D.

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schroter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Hohr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, "Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 043003 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fleck, J. A.

M. D. Feit, J. A. Fleck, Jr., and A. Steiger, "Solution of the Schr ¨ odinger equation by a spectral method," J. Comput. Phys. 47, 412-433 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Foisy, C.

S. Chelkowski, C. Foisy, and A. D. Bandrauk, "Electron-nuclear dynamics of multiphoton H+2 dissociative ionization in intense laser fields," Phys. Rev. A 57, 1176 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Giessen, H.

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dorner, "Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization," Nature 405, 658-661 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gross, E. K. U.

M. Lein, T. Kreibich, E. K. U. Gross, and V. Engel, "Strong-field ionization dynamics of a model H2 molecule," Phys. Rev. A 65, 033403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Lein, E. K. U. Gross, and V. Engel, "Intense-field double ionization of Helium: identifying the mechanism," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 4707-4710 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hino, K.

X. M. Tong, K. Hino, and N. Toshima, "Phase-dependent atomic ionization in few-cycle intense laser fields," Phys. Rev. A 74, 031405(R) (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jagutzki, O.

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dorner, "Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization," Nature 405, 658-661 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kopold, R.

R. Kopold, W. Becker, H. Rottke, and W. Sandner, "Routes to nonsequential double ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3781-3784 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kreibich, T.

M. Lein, T. Kreibich, E. K. U. Gross, and V. Engel, "Strong-field ionization dynamics of a model H2 molecule," Phys. Rev. A 65, 033403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kulander, K. C.

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, "Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1227-1230 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L, F.

F. Legare, I. V. Litvinyuk, P. W. Dooley, F. Quere, A. D. Bandrauk, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, "Timeresolved double ionization with few cycle laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 093002 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lein, M.

M. Lein, T. Kreibich, E. K. U. Gross, and V. Engel, "Strong-field ionization dynamics of a model H2 molecule," Phys. Rev. A 65, 033403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Lein, E. K. U. Gross, and V. Engel, "Intense-field double ionization of Helium: identifying the mechanism," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 4707-4710 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, C. D.

A. S. Alnaser, T. Osipov, E. P. Benis, A. Wech, B. Shan, C. L. Cocke, X. M. Tong, and C. D. Lin, "Rescattering double ionization of D2 and H2 by intense laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 163002 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, H. Schomerus, X. Liu, and W. Becker, "Electron-electron dynamics in laserinduced nonsequential double ionization," Phys. Rev. A 69, 043405 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mergel, V.

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dorner, "Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization," Nature 405, 658-661 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moshammer, R.

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schroter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Hohr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, "Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 043003 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Osipov, T.

A. S. Alnaser, T. Osipov, E. P. Benis, A. Wech, B. Shan, C. L. Cocke, X. M. Tong, and C. D. Lin, "Rescattering double ionization of D2 and H2 by intense laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 163002 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Parker, J. S.

J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, "High-energy cutoff in the spectrum of strong-field nonsequential double ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 133001 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rottke, H.

R. Kopold, W. Becker, H. Rottke, and W. Sandner, "Routes to nonsequential double ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3781-3784 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sandner, W.

R. Kopold, W. Becker, H. Rottke, and W. Sandner, "Routes to nonsequential double ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3781-3784 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saugout, S.

C. Beylerian, S. Saugout and C. Cornaggia, "Non-sequential double ionization of H2 using ultrashort 10 fs laser pulses," J. Phys. B 39, L105-L112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Saugout and C. Cornaggia, "Temporal separation of H2 double-ionization channels using intense ultrashort 10-fs laser pulses," Phys. Rev. A 73, 041406(R) (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schafer, K. J.

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, "Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1227-1230 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schomerus, H.

C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, H. Schomerus, X. Liu, and W. Becker, "Electron-electron dynamics in laserinduced nonsequential double ionization," Phys. Rev. A 69, 043405 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schultz, K. D.

J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, "High-energy cutoff in the spectrum of strong-field nonsequential double ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 133001 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shan, B.

A. S. Alnaser, T. Osipov, E. P. Benis, A. Wech, B. Shan, C. L. Cocke, X. M. Tong, and C. D. Lin, "Rescattering double ionization of D2 and H2 by intense laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 163002 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sheehy, B.

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, "Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1227-1230 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spielberger, L.

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dorner, "Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization," Nature 405, 658-661 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Staudte, A.

D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, A. B. Bardon, D. M. Villeneuve, R. Do, and P. B. Corkum, "Controlling attosecond double ionization dynamics via molecular alignment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 203003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Weckenbrock, A. Becker, A. Staudte, S. kammer, M. Smolarski, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dorner, "Electron-electron momentum exchange in strong field double ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 123004 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dorner, "Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization," Nature 405, 658-661 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Steiger, A.

M. D. Feit, J. A. Fleck, Jr., and A. Steiger, "Solution of the Schr ¨ odinger equation by a spectral method," J. Comput. Phys. 47, 412-433 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, K. T.

J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, "High-energy cutoff in the spectrum of strong-field nonsequential double ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 133001 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tong, X. M.

A. S. Alnaser, T. Osipov, E. P. Benis, A. Wech, B. Shan, C. L. Cocke, X. M. Tong, and C. D. Lin, "Rescattering double ionization of D2 and H2 by intense laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 163002 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. M. Tong, K. Hino, and N. Toshima, "Phase-dependent atomic ionization in few-cycle intense laser fields," Phys. Rev. A 74, 031405(R) (2006).
[CrossRef]

Toshima, N.

X. M. Tong, K. Hino, and N. Toshima, "Phase-dependent atomic ionization in few-cycle intense laser fields," Phys. Rev. A 74, 031405(R) (2006).
[CrossRef]

Urbasch, G.

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dorner, "Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization," Nature 405, 658-661 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Villeneuve, D. M.

D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, A. B. Bardon, D. M. Villeneuve, R. Do, and P. B. Corkum, "Controlling attosecond double ionization dynamics via molecular alignment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 203003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vollmer, M.

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dorner, "Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization," Nature 405, 658-661 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walker, B.

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, "Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1227-1230 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weber, Th.

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dorner, "Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization," Nature 405, 658-661 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wech, A.

A. S. Alnaser, T. Osipov, E. P. Benis, A. Wech, B. Shan, C. L. Cocke, X. M. Tong, and C. D. Lin, "Rescattering double ionization of D2 and H2 by intense laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 163002 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weckenbrock, M.

M. Weckenbrock, A. Becker, A. Staudte, S. kammer, M. Smolarski, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dorner, "Electron-electron momentum exchange in strong field double ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 123004 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dorner, "Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization," Nature 405, 658-661 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zeidler, D.

D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, A. B. Bardon, D. M. Villeneuve, R. Do, and P. B. Corkum, "Controlling attosecond double ionization dynamics via molecular alignment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 203003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Comput. Phys.

M. D. Feit, J. A. Fleck, Jr., and A. Steiger, "Solution of the Schr ¨ odinger equation by a spectral method," J. Comput. Phys. 47, 412-433 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. B

C. Beylerian, S. Saugout and C. Cornaggia, "Non-sequential double ionization of H2 using ultrashort 10 fs laser pulses," J. Phys. B 39, L105-L112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nature

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dorner, "Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization," Nature 405, 658-661 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. A

C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, H. Schomerus, X. Liu, and W. Becker, "Electron-electron dynamics in laserinduced nonsequential double ionization," Phys. Rev. A 69, 043405 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Becker and F. H. M. Faisal, "Interplay of electron correlation and intense field dynamics in the double ionization of Helium," Phys. Rev. A 59, R1742-R1745 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Chelkowski, C. Foisy, and A. D. Bandrauk, "Electron-nuclear dynamics of multiphoton H+2 dissociative ionization in intense laser fields," Phys. Rev. A 57, 1176 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Lein, T. Kreibich, E. K. U. Gross, and V. Engel, "Strong-field ionization dynamics of a model H2 molecule," Phys. Rev. A 65, 033403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, "Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1227-1230 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Lein, E. K. U. Gross, and V. Engel, "Intense-field double ionization of Helium: identifying the mechanism," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 4707-4710 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kopold, W. Becker, H. Rottke, and W. Sandner, "Routes to nonsequential double ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3781-3784 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, A. B. Bardon, D. M. Villeneuve, R. Do, and P. B. Corkum, "Controlling attosecond double ionization dynamics via molecular alignment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 203003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. B. Corkum, "Plasma perspective on strong-field multiphoton ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994-1997 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Alnaser, T. Osipov, E. P. Benis, A. Wech, B. Shan, C. L. Cocke, X. M. Tong, and C. D. Lin, "Rescattering double ionization of D2 and H2 by intense laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 163002 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Legare, I. V. Litvinyuk, P. W. Dooley, F. Quere, A. D. Bandrauk, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, "Timeresolved double ionization with few cycle laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 093002 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schroter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Hohr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, "Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 043003 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Weckenbrock, A. Becker, A. Staudte, S. kammer, M. Smolarski, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dorner, "Electron-electron momentum exchange in strong field double ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 123004 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, "High-energy cutoff in the spectrum of strong-field nonsequential double ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 133001 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

S. Saugout and C. Cornaggia, "Temporal separation of H2 double-ionization channels using intense ultrashort 10-fs laser pulses," Phys. Rev. A 73, 041406(R) (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Tong, K. Hino, and N. Toshima, "Phase-dependent atomic ionization in few-cycle intense laser fields," Phys. Rev. A 74, 031405(R) (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Two-electron momentum distributions from double ionization of HeH+ at intensities (a) 1×1014 W/cm2, (b) 2×1014 W/cm2, (c) 4×1014 W/cm2, (d) 6×1014 W/cm2, (e) 1×1015 W/cm2, (f) 1.4×1015 W/cm2. Grey scales from 0 to (a) 1.1×10-5, (b) 6×10-3, (c) 0.14, (d) 0.45, (e) 1, (f) 1.2.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Two-electron momentum distributions calculated by the product of the single ionization spectra of HeH+ and HeH2+ at an intensity of 1×1015 W/cm2. Grey scale from 0 to 0.8.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Contour plot of the ground state probability density of HeH+. The electron cloud is predominantly localized on the He nucleus. (b) Combined Coulomb and laser filed potentials V(z)+E(t)z for HeH2+. The green dashed line indicates the ground state energy of HeH2+. The blue and red lines correspond to E(t)=-0.168 and 0.168 a.u. respectively. |E(t)|=0.168 a.u. is the maximum of a laser field with an intensity of 1×1015 W/cm2.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) The schematic of the permanent dipole D of HeH2+. (b) The blue and green lines correspond to the kinetic energy of the electron returning from the negative z-axis to z=-4 a.u. and from the positive z-axis to z=4 a.u. respectively. The red line indicates the laser field.

Metrics