Abstract

Mg-doped congruent composition LiTaO3 (MgLT) crystal, which can be grown by a conventional Czochralski method, has improved properties such as transparent range, thermal conductivity, and coercive field compared to conventional undoped congruent LiTaO3. In this paper, various properties of MgLT including Mg-doping dependence are characterized, and also compared to that of undoped congruent LiTaO3, LiNbO3, and Mg-doped congruent LiNbO3, as a material of high power quasi-phase matching (QPM) device. Up to 3-mm-thick periodically poled MgLT crystal is shown to demonstrate the possibility of large-aperture QPM-MgLT devices. Subsequently, optical parametric oscillation experiments by using periodically poled MgLT are demonstrated to discuss an efficient QPM condition.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]

2008 (3)

T. Mizushima, H. Furuya, S. Shikii, K. Kusukame, K. Mizuuchi, and K. Yamamoto, "Second Harmonic Generation with High Conversion Efficiency and Wide Temperature Tolerance by Multi-Pass Scheme," Appl. Phys. Express 1, 032003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. He, K. Li, M. Liu, Y. He, X. Zhang, Y. Zhao, and D. Xue, "An optical spectroscopy study of defects in lithium tantalate single crystals," Opt. Commun. 281, 2531-2534 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. Bhaumik, S. Ganesamoorthy, R. Bhatt, A. K. Karnal, V. K. Wadhawan, P. K. Gupta, S. Kumaragurubaran, K. Kitamura, S. Takekawa, and M. Nakamura, "Dielectric and ac conductivity studies on undoped and MgO-doped near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 103, 074106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (4)

B. Jacobsson, C. Canalias, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, "Narrowband and tunable ring optical parametric oscillator with a volume Bragg grating," Opt. Lett. 32, 3278-3280 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Saikawa, M. Fujii, H. Ishizuki, and T. Taira, "High energy, narrow-bandwidth periodically poled Mg doped LiNbO3 optical parametric oscillator with a volume Bragg grating," Opt. Lett. 32, 2996-2998 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Breunig, M. Falk, B. Knabe, R. Sowade, K Buse, P. Rabiei, and D. H. Jundt, "Second harmonic generation of 2.6 W green light with thermoelectrically oxidized undoped congruent lithium niobate crystals below 100�?C," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 221110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Tovstonog, S. Kurimura, and K. Kitamura, "High power continuous-wave green light generation by quasiphase matching in Mg stoichiometric lithium tantalate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 05115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

Y. Sato, and T. Taira, "The studies of thermal conductivity in GdVO4, YVO4, and Y3Al5O12 measured by quasi-onedimensional flash method," Opt. Express 14, 10528-10536 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kumaragurubaran, S. Takekawa, M. Nakamura, and K. Kitamura, "Growth of 4-in diameter MgO-doped near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate single crystals and fabrication of periodically poled structures," J. Cryst. Growth 292, 332-336 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

S. Kumaragurubaran, S. Takekawa, M. Nakamura, and K. Kitamura, "Growth of 4-in diameter near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate single crystals," J. Cryst. Growth 285, 88-95 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Ishizuki and T. Taira, "High-energy quasi-phase matched optical-parametric oscillation in periodically poled MgO:LiNbO3 device with 5mm x 5mm aperture," Opt. Lett. 30, 2918-2920 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

K. Mizuuchi, A. Morikawa, T. Sugita, and K. Yamamoto, "Electric-field poling in Mg-doped LiNbO3," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 6585-6590 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Tian, V. Gopalan, and L. Galambos, "Domain reversal in stoichiometric LiTaO3 prepared by vapor transport equilibration," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4445-4447 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

H. Ishizuki, I. Shoji, and T. Taira, "Periodic Poling Characteristics of Congruent MgO:LiNbO3 Crystal at Elevated Temperatures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4062-4064 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

K. Nakamura, J. Kurz, K. Parameswaran, and M. M. Fejer, "Periodic poling of magnesium-oxide-doped lithium niobate," J. Appl. Phys. 91, 4528-4534 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

H. M. Peltz, U. Bäder, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, J. Hellström, H. Karlsson, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, "Optical parametric oscillators for high pulse energy and high average power operation based on large aperture periodically poled KTP and RTA," Appl. Phys. B 73, 663-670 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

K. Kitamura, Y. Furukawa, and K. Niwa, "Crystal growth and low coercive field 180° domain switching characteristics of stoichiometric LiTaO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3073-3075 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1996 (2)

A. Kuroda, and S. Kurimura, "Domain inversion in ferroelectric MgO:LiNbO3 by applying electric fields," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1565-1567 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Abedin, and H. Ito, "Temperature-dependent dispersion relation of ferroelectric lithium tantalate," J. Appl. Phys. 80, 6561-6563 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

F. Nitanda, Y. Furukawa, S. Makio, M. Sato, and K. Ito, "Increased Optical Damage Resistance and Transparency in MgO-Doped LiTaO3 Single Crystals," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, 1546-1549 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

Y. Furukawa, F. Nitanda, M. Sato, S. Makio, and K. Ito, "Optical damage resistance and transparency of MgO-doped LiTaO3 single crystals for SHG devices," Proc. SPIE 1863, 164-169 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, "Quasi-Phase-Matched Second Harmonic Generation: Tuning and Tolerances," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631-2654 (1992).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Bordui, R. G. Norwood, D. H. Jundt, and M. M. Fejer, "Preparation and characterization of off-congruent lithium niobate crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 71, 875-879 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1962 (1)

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, "Interactions between Light Waves in a Nonlinear Dielectric," Phys. Rev. 127, 1918-1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Abedin, K. S.

K. S. Abedin, and H. Ito, "Temperature-dependent dispersion relation of ferroelectric lithium tantalate," J. Appl. Phys. 80, 6561-6563 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Armstrong, J. A.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, "Interactions between Light Waves in a Nonlinear Dielectric," Phys. Rev. 127, 1918-1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Bäder, U.

H. M. Peltz, U. Bäder, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, J. Hellström, H. Karlsson, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, "Optical parametric oscillators for high pulse energy and high average power operation based on large aperture periodically poled KTP and RTA," Appl. Phys. B 73, 663-670 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bhatt, R.

I. Bhaumik, S. Ganesamoorthy, R. Bhatt, A. K. Karnal, V. K. Wadhawan, P. K. Gupta, S. Kumaragurubaran, K. Kitamura, S. Takekawa, and M. Nakamura, "Dielectric and ac conductivity studies on undoped and MgO-doped near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 103, 074106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bhaumik, I.

I. Bhaumik, S. Ganesamoorthy, R. Bhatt, A. K. Karnal, V. K. Wadhawan, P. K. Gupta, S. Kumaragurubaran, K. Kitamura, S. Takekawa, and M. Nakamura, "Dielectric and ac conductivity studies on undoped and MgO-doped near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 103, 074106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bloembergen, N.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, "Interactions between Light Waves in a Nonlinear Dielectric," Phys. Rev. 127, 1918-1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Bordui, P. F.

P. F. Bordui, R. G. Norwood, D. H. Jundt, and M. M. Fejer, "Preparation and characterization of off-congruent lithium niobate crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 71, 875-879 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Borsutzky, A.

H. M. Peltz, U. Bäder, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, J. Hellström, H. Karlsson, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, "Optical parametric oscillators for high pulse energy and high average power operation based on large aperture periodically poled KTP and RTA," Appl. Phys. B 73, 663-670 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Breunig, I.

I. Breunig, M. Falk, B. Knabe, R. Sowade, K Buse, P. Rabiei, and D. H. Jundt, "Second harmonic generation of 2.6 W green light with thermoelectrically oxidized undoped congruent lithium niobate crystals below 100�?C," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 221110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Buse, K

I. Breunig, M. Falk, B. Knabe, R. Sowade, K Buse, P. Rabiei, and D. H. Jundt, "Second harmonic generation of 2.6 W green light with thermoelectrically oxidized undoped congruent lithium niobate crystals below 100�?C," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 221110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, "Quasi-Phase-Matched Second Harmonic Generation: Tuning and Tolerances," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631-2654 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Canalias, C.

Ducuing, J.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, "Interactions between Light Waves in a Nonlinear Dielectric," Phys. Rev. 127, 1918-1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Falk, M.

I. Breunig, M. Falk, B. Knabe, R. Sowade, K Buse, P. Rabiei, and D. H. Jundt, "Second harmonic generation of 2.6 W green light with thermoelectrically oxidized undoped congruent lithium niobate crystals below 100�?C," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 221110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

K. Nakamura, J. Kurz, K. Parameswaran, and M. M. Fejer, "Periodic poling of magnesium-oxide-doped lithium niobate," J. Appl. Phys. 91, 4528-4534 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Bordui, R. G. Norwood, D. H. Jundt, and M. M. Fejer, "Preparation and characterization of off-congruent lithium niobate crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 71, 875-879 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, "Quasi-Phase-Matched Second Harmonic Generation: Tuning and Tolerances," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631-2654 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Fujii, M.

Furukawa, Y.

K. Kitamura, Y. Furukawa, and K. Niwa, "Crystal growth and low coercive field 180° domain switching characteristics of stoichiometric LiTaO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3073-3075 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. Nitanda, Y. Furukawa, S. Makio, M. Sato, and K. Ito, "Increased Optical Damage Resistance and Transparency in MgO-Doped LiTaO3 Single Crystals," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, 1546-1549 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Furukawa, F. Nitanda, M. Sato, S. Makio, and K. Ito, "Optical damage resistance and transparency of MgO-doped LiTaO3 single crystals for SHG devices," Proc. SPIE 1863, 164-169 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Furuya, H.

T. Mizushima, H. Furuya, S. Shikii, K. Kusukame, K. Mizuuchi, and K. Yamamoto, "Second Harmonic Generation with High Conversion Efficiency and Wide Temperature Tolerance by Multi-Pass Scheme," Appl. Phys. Express 1, 032003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Galambos, L.

L. Tian, V. Gopalan, and L. Galambos, "Domain reversal in stoichiometric LiTaO3 prepared by vapor transport equilibration," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4445-4447 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ganesamoorthy, S.

I. Bhaumik, S. Ganesamoorthy, R. Bhatt, A. K. Karnal, V. K. Wadhawan, P. K. Gupta, S. Kumaragurubaran, K. Kitamura, S. Takekawa, and M. Nakamura, "Dielectric and ac conductivity studies on undoped and MgO-doped near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 103, 074106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gopalan, V.

L. Tian, V. Gopalan, and L. Galambos, "Domain reversal in stoichiometric LiTaO3 prepared by vapor transport equilibration," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4445-4447 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gupta, P. K.

I. Bhaumik, S. Ganesamoorthy, R. Bhatt, A. K. Karnal, V. K. Wadhawan, P. K. Gupta, S. Kumaragurubaran, K. Kitamura, S. Takekawa, and M. Nakamura, "Dielectric and ac conductivity studies on undoped and MgO-doped near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 103, 074106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

He, X.

X. He, K. Li, M. Liu, Y. He, X. Zhang, Y. Zhao, and D. Xue, "An optical spectroscopy study of defects in lithium tantalate single crystals," Opt. Commun. 281, 2531-2534 (2008).
[CrossRef]

He, Y.

X. He, K. Li, M. Liu, Y. He, X. Zhang, Y. Zhao, and D. Xue, "An optical spectroscopy study of defects in lithium tantalate single crystals," Opt. Commun. 281, 2531-2534 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hellström, J.

H. M. Peltz, U. Bäder, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, J. Hellström, H. Karlsson, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, "Optical parametric oscillators for high pulse energy and high average power operation based on large aperture periodically poled KTP and RTA," Appl. Phys. B 73, 663-670 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ishizuki, H.

Ito, H.

K. S. Abedin, and H. Ito, "Temperature-dependent dispersion relation of ferroelectric lithium tantalate," J. Appl. Phys. 80, 6561-6563 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ito, K.

F. Nitanda, Y. Furukawa, S. Makio, M. Sato, and K. Ito, "Increased Optical Damage Resistance and Transparency in MgO-Doped LiTaO3 Single Crystals," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, 1546-1549 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Furukawa, F. Nitanda, M. Sato, S. Makio, and K. Ito, "Optical damage resistance and transparency of MgO-doped LiTaO3 single crystals for SHG devices," Proc. SPIE 1863, 164-169 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ito, R.

Jacobsson, B.

Jundt, D. H.

I. Breunig, M. Falk, B. Knabe, R. Sowade, K Buse, P. Rabiei, and D. H. Jundt, "Second harmonic generation of 2.6 W green light with thermoelectrically oxidized undoped congruent lithium niobate crystals below 100�?C," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 221110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, "Quasi-Phase-Matched Second Harmonic Generation: Tuning and Tolerances," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631-2654 (1992).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Bordui, R. G. Norwood, D. H. Jundt, and M. M. Fejer, "Preparation and characterization of off-congruent lithium niobate crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 71, 875-879 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Karlsson, H.

H. M. Peltz, U. Bäder, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, J. Hellström, H. Karlsson, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, "Optical parametric oscillators for high pulse energy and high average power operation based on large aperture periodically poled KTP and RTA," Appl. Phys. B 73, 663-670 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Karnal, A. K.

I. Bhaumik, S. Ganesamoorthy, R. Bhatt, A. K. Karnal, V. K. Wadhawan, P. K. Gupta, S. Kumaragurubaran, K. Kitamura, S. Takekawa, and M. Nakamura, "Dielectric and ac conductivity studies on undoped and MgO-doped near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 103, 074106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kitamoto, A.

Kitamura, K.

I. Bhaumik, S. Ganesamoorthy, R. Bhatt, A. K. Karnal, V. K. Wadhawan, P. K. Gupta, S. Kumaragurubaran, K. Kitamura, S. Takekawa, and M. Nakamura, "Dielectric and ac conductivity studies on undoped and MgO-doped near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 103, 074106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Tovstonog, S. Kurimura, and K. Kitamura, "High power continuous-wave green light generation by quasiphase matching in Mg stoichiometric lithium tantalate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 05115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Kumaragurubaran, S. Takekawa, M. Nakamura, and K. Kitamura, "Growth of 4-in diameter MgO-doped near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate single crystals and fabrication of periodically poled structures," J. Cryst. Growth 292, 332-336 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Kumaragurubaran, S. Takekawa, M. Nakamura, and K. Kitamura, "Growth of 4-in diameter near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate single crystals," J. Cryst. Growth 285, 88-95 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Kitamura, Y. Furukawa, and K. Niwa, "Crystal growth and low coercive field 180° domain switching characteristics of stoichiometric LiTaO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3073-3075 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Knabe, B.

I. Breunig, M. Falk, B. Knabe, R. Sowade, K Buse, P. Rabiei, and D. H. Jundt, "Second harmonic generation of 2.6 W green light with thermoelectrically oxidized undoped congruent lithium niobate crystals below 100�?C," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 221110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kondo, T.

Kumaragurubaran, S.

I. Bhaumik, S. Ganesamoorthy, R. Bhatt, A. K. Karnal, V. K. Wadhawan, P. K. Gupta, S. Kumaragurubaran, K. Kitamura, S. Takekawa, and M. Nakamura, "Dielectric and ac conductivity studies on undoped and MgO-doped near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 103, 074106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Kumaragurubaran, S. Takekawa, M. Nakamura, and K. Kitamura, "Growth of 4-in diameter MgO-doped near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate single crystals and fabrication of periodically poled structures," J. Cryst. Growth 292, 332-336 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Kumaragurubaran, S. Takekawa, M. Nakamura, and K. Kitamura, "Growth of 4-in diameter near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate single crystals," J. Cryst. Growth 285, 88-95 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kurimura, S.

S. V. Tovstonog, S. Kurimura, and K. Kitamura, "High power continuous-wave green light generation by quasiphase matching in Mg stoichiometric lithium tantalate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 05115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Kuroda, and S. Kurimura, "Domain inversion in ferroelectric MgO:LiNbO3 by applying electric fields," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1565-1567 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kuroda, A.

A. Kuroda, and S. Kurimura, "Domain inversion in ferroelectric MgO:LiNbO3 by applying electric fields," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1565-1567 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kurz, J.

K. Nakamura, J. Kurz, K. Parameswaran, and M. M. Fejer, "Periodic poling of magnesium-oxide-doped lithium niobate," J. Appl. Phys. 91, 4528-4534 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kusukame, K.

T. Mizushima, H. Furuya, S. Shikii, K. Kusukame, K. Mizuuchi, and K. Yamamoto, "Second Harmonic Generation with High Conversion Efficiency and Wide Temperature Tolerance by Multi-Pass Scheme," Appl. Phys. Express 1, 032003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Laurell, F.

B. Jacobsson, C. Canalias, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, "Narrowband and tunable ring optical parametric oscillator with a volume Bragg grating," Opt. Lett. 32, 3278-3280 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. M. Peltz, U. Bäder, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, J. Hellström, H. Karlsson, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, "Optical parametric oscillators for high pulse energy and high average power operation based on large aperture periodically poled KTP and RTA," Appl. Phys. B 73, 663-670 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Li, K.

X. He, K. Li, M. Liu, Y. He, X. Zhang, Y. Zhao, and D. Xue, "An optical spectroscopy study of defects in lithium tantalate single crystals," Opt. Commun. 281, 2531-2534 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, M.

X. He, K. Li, M. Liu, Y. He, X. Zhang, Y. Zhao, and D. Xue, "An optical spectroscopy study of defects in lithium tantalate single crystals," Opt. Commun. 281, 2531-2534 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Magel, G. A.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, "Quasi-Phase-Matched Second Harmonic Generation: Tuning and Tolerances," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631-2654 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Makio, S.

F. Nitanda, Y. Furukawa, S. Makio, M. Sato, and K. Ito, "Increased Optical Damage Resistance and Transparency in MgO-Doped LiTaO3 Single Crystals," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, 1546-1549 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Furukawa, F. Nitanda, M. Sato, S. Makio, and K. Ito, "Optical damage resistance and transparency of MgO-doped LiTaO3 single crystals for SHG devices," Proc. SPIE 1863, 164-169 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mizushima, T.

T. Mizushima, H. Furuya, S. Shikii, K. Kusukame, K. Mizuuchi, and K. Yamamoto, "Second Harmonic Generation with High Conversion Efficiency and Wide Temperature Tolerance by Multi-Pass Scheme," Appl. Phys. Express 1, 032003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mizuuchi, K.

T. Mizushima, H. Furuya, S. Shikii, K. Kusukame, K. Mizuuchi, and K. Yamamoto, "Second Harmonic Generation with High Conversion Efficiency and Wide Temperature Tolerance by Multi-Pass Scheme," Appl. Phys. Express 1, 032003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Mizuuchi, A. Morikawa, T. Sugita, and K. Yamamoto, "Electric-field poling in Mg-doped LiNbO3," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 6585-6590 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Morikawa, A.

K. Mizuuchi, A. Morikawa, T. Sugita, and K. Yamamoto, "Electric-field poling in Mg-doped LiNbO3," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 6585-6590 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, K.

K. Nakamura, J. Kurz, K. Parameswaran, and M. M. Fejer, "Periodic poling of magnesium-oxide-doped lithium niobate," J. Appl. Phys. 91, 4528-4534 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, M.

I. Bhaumik, S. Ganesamoorthy, R. Bhatt, A. K. Karnal, V. K. Wadhawan, P. K. Gupta, S. Kumaragurubaran, K. Kitamura, S. Takekawa, and M. Nakamura, "Dielectric and ac conductivity studies on undoped and MgO-doped near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 103, 074106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Kumaragurubaran, S. Takekawa, M. Nakamura, and K. Kitamura, "Growth of 4-in diameter MgO-doped near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate single crystals and fabrication of periodically poled structures," J. Cryst. Growth 292, 332-336 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Kumaragurubaran, S. Takekawa, M. Nakamura, and K. Kitamura, "Growth of 4-in diameter near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate single crystals," J. Cryst. Growth 285, 88-95 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nitanda, F.

F. Nitanda, Y. Furukawa, S. Makio, M. Sato, and K. Ito, "Increased Optical Damage Resistance and Transparency in MgO-Doped LiTaO3 Single Crystals," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, 1546-1549 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Furukawa, F. Nitanda, M. Sato, S. Makio, and K. Ito, "Optical damage resistance and transparency of MgO-doped LiTaO3 single crystals for SHG devices," Proc. SPIE 1863, 164-169 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Niwa, K.

K. Kitamura, Y. Furukawa, and K. Niwa, "Crystal growth and low coercive field 180° domain switching characteristics of stoichiometric LiTaO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3073-3075 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Norwood, R. G.

P. F. Bordui, R. G. Norwood, D. H. Jundt, and M. M. Fejer, "Preparation and characterization of off-congruent lithium niobate crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 71, 875-879 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Parameswaran, K.

K. Nakamura, J. Kurz, K. Parameswaran, and M. M. Fejer, "Periodic poling of magnesium-oxide-doped lithium niobate," J. Appl. Phys. 91, 4528-4534 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pasiskevicius, V.

B. Jacobsson, C. Canalias, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, "Narrowband and tunable ring optical parametric oscillator with a volume Bragg grating," Opt. Lett. 32, 3278-3280 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. M. Peltz, U. Bäder, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, J. Hellström, H. Karlsson, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, "Optical parametric oscillators for high pulse energy and high average power operation based on large aperture periodically poled KTP and RTA," Appl. Phys. B 73, 663-670 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Peltz, H. M.

H. M. Peltz, U. Bäder, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, J. Hellström, H. Karlsson, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, "Optical parametric oscillators for high pulse energy and high average power operation based on large aperture periodically poled KTP and RTA," Appl. Phys. B 73, 663-670 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pershan, P. S.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, "Interactions between Light Waves in a Nonlinear Dielectric," Phys. Rev. 127, 1918-1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Rabiei, P.

I. Breunig, M. Falk, B. Knabe, R. Sowade, K Buse, P. Rabiei, and D. H. Jundt, "Second harmonic generation of 2.6 W green light with thermoelectrically oxidized undoped congruent lithium niobate crystals below 100�?C," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 221110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Saikawa, J.

Sato, M.

F. Nitanda, Y. Furukawa, S. Makio, M. Sato, and K. Ito, "Increased Optical Damage Resistance and Transparency in MgO-Doped LiTaO3 Single Crystals," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, 1546-1549 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Furukawa, F. Nitanda, M. Sato, S. Makio, and K. Ito, "Optical damage resistance and transparency of MgO-doped LiTaO3 single crystals for SHG devices," Proc. SPIE 1863, 164-169 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sato, Y.

Shikii, S.

T. Mizushima, H. Furuya, S. Shikii, K. Kusukame, K. Mizuuchi, and K. Yamamoto, "Second Harmonic Generation with High Conversion Efficiency and Wide Temperature Tolerance by Multi-Pass Scheme," Appl. Phys. Express 1, 032003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shirane, M.

Shoji, I.

H. Ishizuki, I. Shoji, and T. Taira, "Periodic Poling Characteristics of Congruent MgO:LiNbO3 Crystal at Elevated Temperatures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4062-4064 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. Shoji, T. Kondo, A. Kitamoto, M. Shirane, and R. Ito, "Absolute scale of second-order nonlinear-optical coefficients," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2268 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sowade, R.

I. Breunig, M. Falk, B. Knabe, R. Sowade, K Buse, P. Rabiei, and D. H. Jundt, "Second harmonic generation of 2.6 W green light with thermoelectrically oxidized undoped congruent lithium niobate crystals below 100�?C," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 221110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sugita, T.

K. Mizuuchi, A. Morikawa, T. Sugita, and K. Yamamoto, "Electric-field poling in Mg-doped LiNbO3," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 6585-6590 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Taira, T.

Takekawa, S.

I. Bhaumik, S. Ganesamoorthy, R. Bhatt, A. K. Karnal, V. K. Wadhawan, P. K. Gupta, S. Kumaragurubaran, K. Kitamura, S. Takekawa, and M. Nakamura, "Dielectric and ac conductivity studies on undoped and MgO-doped near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 103, 074106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Kumaragurubaran, S. Takekawa, M. Nakamura, and K. Kitamura, "Growth of 4-in diameter MgO-doped near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate single crystals and fabrication of periodically poled structures," J. Cryst. Growth 292, 332-336 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Kumaragurubaran, S. Takekawa, M. Nakamura, and K. Kitamura, "Growth of 4-in diameter near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate single crystals," J. Cryst. Growth 285, 88-95 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tian, L.

L. Tian, V. Gopalan, and L. Galambos, "Domain reversal in stoichiometric LiTaO3 prepared by vapor transport equilibration," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4445-4447 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tovstonog, S. V.

S. V. Tovstonog, S. Kurimura, and K. Kitamura, "High power continuous-wave green light generation by quasiphase matching in Mg stoichiometric lithium tantalate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 05115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wadhawan, V. K.

I. Bhaumik, S. Ganesamoorthy, R. Bhatt, A. K. Karnal, V. K. Wadhawan, P. K. Gupta, S. Kumaragurubaran, K. Kitamura, S. Takekawa, and M. Nakamura, "Dielectric and ac conductivity studies on undoped and MgO-doped near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 103, 074106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wallenstein, R.

H. M. Peltz, U. Bäder, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, J. Hellström, H. Karlsson, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, "Optical parametric oscillators for high pulse energy and high average power operation based on large aperture periodically poled KTP and RTA," Appl. Phys. B 73, 663-670 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Xue, D.

X. He, K. Li, M. Liu, Y. He, X. Zhang, Y. Zhao, and D. Xue, "An optical spectroscopy study of defects in lithium tantalate single crystals," Opt. Commun. 281, 2531-2534 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, K.

T. Mizushima, H. Furuya, S. Shikii, K. Kusukame, K. Mizuuchi, and K. Yamamoto, "Second Harmonic Generation with High Conversion Efficiency and Wide Temperature Tolerance by Multi-Pass Scheme," Appl. Phys. Express 1, 032003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Mizuuchi, A. Morikawa, T. Sugita, and K. Yamamoto, "Electric-field poling in Mg-doped LiNbO3," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 6585-6590 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

X. He, K. Li, M. Liu, Y. He, X. Zhang, Y. Zhao, and D. Xue, "An optical spectroscopy study of defects in lithium tantalate single crystals," Opt. Commun. 281, 2531-2534 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y.

X. He, K. Li, M. Liu, Y. He, X. Zhang, Y. Zhao, and D. Xue, "An optical spectroscopy study of defects in lithium tantalate single crystals," Opt. Commun. 281, 2531-2534 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

H. M. Peltz, U. Bäder, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, J. Hellström, H. Karlsson, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, "Optical parametric oscillators for high pulse energy and high average power operation based on large aperture periodically poled KTP and RTA," Appl. Phys. B 73, 663-670 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

T. Mizushima, H. Furuya, S. Shikii, K. Kusukame, K. Mizuuchi, and K. Yamamoto, "Second Harmonic Generation with High Conversion Efficiency and Wide Temperature Tolerance by Multi-Pass Scheme," Appl. Phys. Express 1, 032003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

K. Kitamura, Y. Furukawa, and K. Niwa, "Crystal growth and low coercive field 180° domain switching characteristics of stoichiometric LiTaO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3073-3075 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Kuroda, and S. Kurimura, "Domain inversion in ferroelectric MgO:LiNbO3 by applying electric fields," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1565-1567 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Tovstonog, S. Kurimura, and K. Kitamura, "High power continuous-wave green light generation by quasiphase matching in Mg stoichiometric lithium tantalate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 05115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. Breunig, M. Falk, B. Knabe, R. Sowade, K Buse, P. Rabiei, and D. H. Jundt, "Second harmonic generation of 2.6 W green light with thermoelectrically oxidized undoped congruent lithium niobate crystals below 100�?C," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 221110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Ishizuki, I. Shoji, and T. Taira, "Periodic Poling Characteristics of Congruent MgO:LiNbO3 Crystal at Elevated Temperatures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4062-4064 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Tian, V. Gopalan, and L. Galambos, "Domain reversal in stoichiometric LiTaO3 prepared by vapor transport equilibration," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4445-4447 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, "Quasi-Phase-Matched Second Harmonic Generation: Tuning and Tolerances," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631-2654 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (5)

I. Bhaumik, S. Ganesamoorthy, R. Bhatt, A. K. Karnal, V. K. Wadhawan, P. K. Gupta, S. Kumaragurubaran, K. Kitamura, S. Takekawa, and M. Nakamura, "Dielectric and ac conductivity studies on undoped and MgO-doped near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 103, 074106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Nakamura, J. Kurz, K. Parameswaran, and M. M. Fejer, "Periodic poling of magnesium-oxide-doped lithium niobate," J. Appl. Phys. 91, 4528-4534 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Bordui, R. G. Norwood, D. H. Jundt, and M. M. Fejer, "Preparation and characterization of off-congruent lithium niobate crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 71, 875-879 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. Mizuuchi, A. Morikawa, T. Sugita, and K. Yamamoto, "Electric-field poling in Mg-doped LiNbO3," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 6585-6590 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Abedin, and H. Ito, "Temperature-dependent dispersion relation of ferroelectric lithium tantalate," J. Appl. Phys. 80, 6561-6563 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (2)

S. Kumaragurubaran, S. Takekawa, M. Nakamura, and K. Kitamura, "Growth of 4-in diameter near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate single crystals," J. Cryst. Growth 285, 88-95 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Kumaragurubaran, S. Takekawa, M. Nakamura, and K. Kitamura, "Growth of 4-in diameter MgO-doped near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate single crystals and fabrication of periodically poled structures," J. Cryst. Growth 292, 332-336 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

F. Nitanda, Y. Furukawa, S. Makio, M. Sato, and K. Ito, "Increased Optical Damage Resistance and Transparency in MgO-Doped LiTaO3 Single Crystals," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, 1546-1549 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

X. He, K. Li, M. Liu, Y. He, X. Zhang, Y. Zhao, and D. Xue, "An optical spectroscopy study of defects in lithium tantalate single crystals," Opt. Commun. 281, 2531-2534 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. (1)

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, "Interactions between Light Waves in a Nonlinear Dielectric," Phys. Rev. 127, 1918-1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

Y. Furukawa, F. Nitanda, M. Sato, S. Makio, and K. Ito, "Optical damage resistance and transparency of MgO-doped LiTaO3 single crystals for SHG devices," Proc. SPIE 1863, 164-169 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

I. Shoji, A. Arai, M. Takeda, S. Nakajima, A. Neduka, R. Ito, and Y. Furukawa, "Accurate measurement of second-order nonlinear-optical coefficients of near-stoichiometric LiNbO3," In Technical Digest of Advanced Solid-State Photonics 2006 (ASSP2006), MB24, Lake Tahoe, Nevada, USA (Jan. 29 - Feb. 1, 2006).

H. Ishizuki, and T. Taira, "Study on the field-poling dynamics in Mg-doped LiNbO3 and LiTaO3," In Technical Digest of Nonlinear Optics 2007 (NLO2007), WE35, Kona, Hawaii, USA (July 30 - Aug. 3, 2007).

Y. Hirano, S. Yamamoto, Y. Koyata, M. Imaki, M. Okano, T. Hamagichi, A. Nakamura, T. Yagi, and T. Yanagisawa, "Highly efficient Planar-waveguide Green Laser," In Technical Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO2008) CPDA3, San Jose, CA, USA (May 4-9, 2008).

M. Oka, K. Kimura, Y. Maeda, K. Takahashi, N. Iwase, and H. Tamada, "A new compact continuous-wave green laser with line beam," in Digest of Photonics West 2008, 6875-20 (2008).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Transmission spectra of 1-mm-thick Mg7CLT, compared with that of CLT and Mg5CLN in (a) UV region for ordinary wave, (b) UV region for extraordinary wave, (c) MIR for ordinary wave, and (d) MIR for extraordinary wave.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

REFVR method to measure coercive field E c by using a ramping electric field with ramping rate S : (a) The E c is defined as the applied field when the inversion charge (Q) starts to be observed, and measured with various S. (b) Case of fast-response crystal with high ramping rate S 1 (>S), (c) Case of slow-response crystal with high ramping rate S 1 (>S).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Coercive field E c dependence on Mg-doping in MgLT at room temperature, measured by REFVR method with the ramping rate S=1 kV/mm-s.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Coercive field E c dependence on crystal temperature in Mg7CLT, measured by REFVR method with the ramping rate S=1 kV/mm-s. The dotted line means the exponential fit to the measured values.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Photographs of etched y-face in 3-mm-thick Mg7CLT: (a) y-face from +z surface to -z surface, (b) y-face near +z surface, (c) y-face around center region, (d) y-face near -z surface.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Measured dependence of OPO output signal wavelength on the QPM period, compared with the calculation obtained by the Sellmeier equation of CLT.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Measured thermal conductivity κ of various congruent-composition LiTaO3 and LiNbO3 crystals at 25°C by the q1D flash method with the measurement accuracy of 5%.

Metrics