Abstract

We present observations of self induced ultraslow light in a persistent spectral hole-burning rare-earth doped crystal. The observed group delay (velocity) is as long as 40 µs (75 m/s), which is comparable to that obtained using electromagnetically induced transparency or coherent population oscillations. We analyze the observed ultraslow light as a function of frequency detuning, light intensity, and atom population (oscillator strength). The present observation of ultraslow light in a persistent spectral hole-burning medium gives potentials to all-optical information processing such as on-demand all-optical buffer memories.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 meters per second in an ultracold atomic gas," Nature 397,594-598 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Yu. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229-5232 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. L. Deng, M. Kozuma, E. W. Hagley, and M. G. Payne, "Opening optical four-wave mixing channels with giant enhancement using ultraslow pump waves," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 143902 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. D. A. Braje, V. Balic, G. Y , Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Low-light-level nonlinear optics with slow light," Phys. Rev. A 68, 041801 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, "Observation of Ultraslow and Stored Light Pulses in a Solid," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. F. Xia, L. Sekaric, and Yu. Vlasov, "Ultracompact optical buffers on a silicon chip," Nat. Photonics 1, 65-71 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, and R. W. Boyd, "Stored light in an optical fiber via stimulated Brillouin scattering," Science 318, 1748-1750 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. Andre, M. Bajcsy, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Nonlinear optics with stationary pulses of light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 063902 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. G. Payne and L. Deng, "Quantum entanglement of Fock states with perfectly efficient ultraslow single probe photon four-wave mixing," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 123602 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. A. Moiseev and B. S. Ham, "Generation of entangled light with temporally reversed photon wave packets," Phys. Rev. A 71, 053802 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Paternostro, M. S. Kim, and B. S. Ham, "Generation of entangled coherent states via cross-phase-modulation in a double electromagnetically induced transparency regime," Phys. Rev. A 67, 023811 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics, 3rd ed. (Elsevier 2008).
  13. M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, "Electromagnetically induced transparency: Optics in coherent media," Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633-673 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  14. P.-C. Ku, R. Sedgwick, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, P. Palinginis, T. Li, H. Wang, S.-W. Chang, and S.-L. Chuang, "Slow light in semiconductor quantum wells," Opt. Lett. 29, 2291-2293 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, "Superluminal and slow light propagation in a room-temperature solid," Science 301, 200-202 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. K. Holiday, M. Croci, E. Vauthey, and U. P. Wild, "Spectral hole burning and holography in an Y2SIO5:Pr3+ crystal," Phys. Rev. B 47, 14741-14752 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  17. R. W. Equall, R. L. Cone, and R. M. Macfarlane, "Homogeneous broadening and hyperfine structure of optical transitions in Pr3+:Y2SiO5," Phys. Rev. B 52, 3963-3969 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. Nilsson, L. Rippe, S. Kroll, R. Klieber, and D. Suter, "Hole-burning techniques for isolation and study of individual hyperfine transitions in inhomogeneously broadened solids demonstrated in Pr3+:Y2SiO5," Phys. Rev. B 70, 214116 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (1)

Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, and R. W. Boyd, "Stored light in an optical fiber via stimulated Brillouin scattering," Science 318, 1748-1750 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, and Yu. Vlasov, "Ultracompact optical buffers on a silicon chip," Nat. Photonics 1, 65-71 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

A. Andre, M. Bajcsy, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Nonlinear optics with stationary pulses of light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 063902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, "Electromagnetically induced transparency: Optics in coherent media," Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633-673 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Moiseev and B. S. Ham, "Generation of entangled light with temporally reversed photon wave packets," Phys. Rev. A 71, 053802 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

M. Nilsson, L. Rippe, S. Kroll, R. Klieber, and D. Suter, "Hole-burning techniques for isolation and study of individual hyperfine transitions in inhomogeneously broadened solids demonstrated in Pr3+:Y2SiO5," Phys. Rev. B 70, 214116 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P.-C. Ku, R. Sedgwick, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, P. Palinginis, T. Li, H. Wang, S.-W. Chang, and S.-L. Chuang, "Slow light in semiconductor quantum wells," Opt. Lett. 29, 2291-2293 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (4)

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, "Superluminal and slow light propagation in a room-temperature solid," Science 301, 200-202 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Paternostro, M. S. Kim, and B. S. Ham, "Generation of entangled coherent states via cross-phase-modulation in a double electromagnetically induced transparency regime," Phys. Rev. A 67, 023811 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Payne and L. Deng, "Quantum entanglement of Fock states with perfectly efficient ultraslow single probe photon four-wave mixing," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 123602 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Braje, V. Balic, G. Y , Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Low-light-level nonlinear optics with slow light," Phys. Rev. A 68, 041801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, "Observation of Ultraslow and Stored Light Pulses in a Solid," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Deng, M. Kozuma, E. W. Hagley, and M. G. Payne, "Opening optical four-wave mixing channels with giant enhancement using ultraslow pump waves," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 143902 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (2)

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 meters per second in an ultracold atomic gas," Nature 397,594-598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Yu. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229-5232 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

R. W. Equall, R. L. Cone, and R. M. Macfarlane, "Homogeneous broadening and hyperfine structure of optical transitions in Pr3+:Y2SiO5," Phys. Rev. B 52, 3963-3969 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

K. Holiday, M. Croci, E. Vauthey, and U. P. Wild, "Spectral hole burning and holography in an Y2SIO5:Pr3+ crystal," Phys. Rev. B 47, 14741-14752 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Andre, A.

A. Andre, M. Bajcsy, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Nonlinear optics with stationary pulses of light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 063902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bajcsy, M.

A. Andre, M. Bajcsy, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Nonlinear optics with stationary pulses of light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 063902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Balic, V.

D. A. Braje, V. Balic, G. Y , Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Low-light-level nonlinear optics with slow light," Phys. Rev. A 68, 041801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Behroozi, C. H.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 meters per second in an ultracold atomic gas," Nature 397,594-598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bigelow, M. S.

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, "Superluminal and slow light propagation in a room-temperature solid," Science 301, 200-202 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boyd, R. W.

Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, and R. W. Boyd, "Stored light in an optical fiber via stimulated Brillouin scattering," Science 318, 1748-1750 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, "Superluminal and slow light propagation in a room-temperature solid," Science 301, 200-202 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Braje, D. A.

D. A. Braje, V. Balic, G. Y , Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Low-light-level nonlinear optics with slow light," Phys. Rev. A 68, 041801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chang, S.-W.

Chang-Hasnain, C. J.

Chuang, S.-L.

Cone, R. L.

R. W. Equall, R. L. Cone, and R. M. Macfarlane, "Homogeneous broadening and hyperfine structure of optical transitions in Pr3+:Y2SiO5," Phys. Rev. B 52, 3963-3969 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Croci, M.

K. Holiday, M. Croci, E. Vauthey, and U. P. Wild, "Spectral hole burning and holography in an Y2SIO5:Pr3+ crystal," Phys. Rev. B 47, 14741-14752 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Deng, L.

M. G. Payne and L. Deng, "Quantum entanglement of Fock states with perfectly efficient ultraslow single probe photon four-wave mixing," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 123602 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Deng, M. Kozuma, E. W. Hagley, and M. G. Payne, "Opening optical four-wave mixing channels with giant enhancement using ultraslow pump waves," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 143902 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dutton, Z.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 meters per second in an ultracold atomic gas," Nature 397,594-598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Equall, R. W.

R. W. Equall, R. L. Cone, and R. M. Macfarlane, "Homogeneous broadening and hyperfine structure of optical transitions in Pr3+:Y2SiO5," Phys. Rev. B 52, 3963-3969 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fleischhauer, M.

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, "Electromagnetically induced transparency: Optics in coherent media," Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633-673 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fry, E. S.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Yu. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229-5232 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gauthier, D. J.

Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, and R. W. Boyd, "Stored light in an optical fiber via stimulated Brillouin scattering," Science 318, 1748-1750 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hagley, E. W.

L. Deng, M. Kozuma, E. W. Hagley, and M. G. Payne, "Opening optical four-wave mixing channels with giant enhancement using ultraslow pump waves," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 143902 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ham, B. S.

S. A. Moiseev and B. S. Ham, "Generation of entangled light with temporally reversed photon wave packets," Phys. Rev. A 71, 053802 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Paternostro, M. S. Kim, and B. S. Ham, "Generation of entangled coherent states via cross-phase-modulation in a double electromagnetically induced transparency regime," Phys. Rev. A 67, 023811 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, "Observation of Ultraslow and Stored Light Pulses in a Solid," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Harris, S. E.

D. A. Braje, V. Balic, G. Y , Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Low-light-level nonlinear optics with slow light," Phys. Rev. A 68, 041801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 meters per second in an ultracold atomic gas," Nature 397,594-598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hau, L. V.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 meters per second in an ultracold atomic gas," Nature 397,594-598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hemmer, P. R.

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, "Observation of Ultraslow and Stored Light Pulses in a Solid," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holiday, K.

K. Holiday, M. Croci, E. Vauthey, and U. P. Wild, "Spectral hole burning and holography in an Y2SIO5:Pr3+ crystal," Phys. Rev. B 47, 14741-14752 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hollberg, L.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Yu. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229-5232 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Imamoglu, A.

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, "Electromagnetically induced transparency: Optics in coherent media," Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633-673 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kash, M. M.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Yu. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229-5232 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kim, M. S.

M. Paternostro, M. S. Kim, and B. S. Ham, "Generation of entangled coherent states via cross-phase-modulation in a double electromagnetically induced transparency regime," Phys. Rev. A 67, 023811 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Klieber, R.

M. Nilsson, L. Rippe, S. Kroll, R. Klieber, and D. Suter, "Hole-burning techniques for isolation and study of individual hyperfine transitions in inhomogeneously broadened solids demonstrated in Pr3+:Y2SiO5," Phys. Rev. B 70, 214116 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kozuma, M.

L. Deng, M. Kozuma, E. W. Hagley, and M. G. Payne, "Opening optical four-wave mixing channels with giant enhancement using ultraslow pump waves," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 143902 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kroll, S.

M. Nilsson, L. Rippe, S. Kroll, R. Klieber, and D. Suter, "Hole-burning techniques for isolation and study of individual hyperfine transitions in inhomogeneously broadened solids demonstrated in Pr3+:Y2SiO5," Phys. Rev. B 70, 214116 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ku, P.-C.

Lepeshkin, N. N.

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, "Superluminal and slow light propagation in a room-temperature solid," Science 301, 200-202 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, T.

Lukin, M. D.

A. Andre, M. Bajcsy, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Nonlinear optics with stationary pulses of light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 063902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Yu. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229-5232 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Macfarlane, R. M.

R. W. Equall, R. L. Cone, and R. M. Macfarlane, "Homogeneous broadening and hyperfine structure of optical transitions in Pr3+:Y2SiO5," Phys. Rev. B 52, 3963-3969 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Marangos, J. P.

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, "Electromagnetically induced transparency: Optics in coherent media," Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633-673 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Moiseev, S. A.

S. A. Moiseev and B. S. Ham, "Generation of entangled light with temporally reversed photon wave packets," Phys. Rev. A 71, 053802 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Musser, J. A.

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, "Observation of Ultraslow and Stored Light Pulses in a Solid," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nilsson, M.

M. Nilsson, L. Rippe, S. Kroll, R. Klieber, and D. Suter, "Hole-burning techniques for isolation and study of individual hyperfine transitions in inhomogeneously broadened solids demonstrated in Pr3+:Y2SiO5," Phys. Rev. B 70, 214116 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Palinginis, P.

Paternostro, M.

M. Paternostro, M. S. Kim, and B. S. Ham, "Generation of entangled coherent states via cross-phase-modulation in a double electromagnetically induced transparency regime," Phys. Rev. A 67, 023811 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Payne, M. G.

M. G. Payne and L. Deng, "Quantum entanglement of Fock states with perfectly efficient ultraslow single probe photon four-wave mixing," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 123602 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Deng, M. Kozuma, E. W. Hagley, and M. G. Payne, "Opening optical four-wave mixing channels with giant enhancement using ultraslow pump waves," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 143902 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rippe, L.

M. Nilsson, L. Rippe, S. Kroll, R. Klieber, and D. Suter, "Hole-burning techniques for isolation and study of individual hyperfine transitions in inhomogeneously broadened solids demonstrated in Pr3+:Y2SiO5," Phys. Rev. B 70, 214116 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rostovtsev, Yu.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Yu. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229-5232 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sautenkov, V. A.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Yu. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229-5232 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Scully, M. O.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Yu. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229-5232 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sedgwick, R.

Sekaric, L.

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, and Yu. Vlasov, "Ultracompact optical buffers on a silicon chip," Nat. Photonics 1, 65-71 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shahriar, M. S.

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, "Observation of Ultraslow and Stored Light Pulses in a Solid," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sudarshanam, V. S.

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, "Observation of Ultraslow and Stored Light Pulses in a Solid," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suter, D.

M. Nilsson, L. Rippe, S. Kroll, R. Klieber, and D. Suter, "Hole-burning techniques for isolation and study of individual hyperfine transitions in inhomogeneously broadened solids demonstrated in Pr3+:Y2SiO5," Phys. Rev. B 70, 214116 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Turukhin, A. V.

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, "Observation of Ultraslow and Stored Light Pulses in a Solid," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vauthey, E.

K. Holiday, M. Croci, E. Vauthey, and U. P. Wild, "Spectral hole burning and holography in an Y2SIO5:Pr3+ crystal," Phys. Rev. B 47, 14741-14752 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Vlasov, Yu.

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, and Yu. Vlasov, "Ultracompact optical buffers on a silicon chip," Nat. Photonics 1, 65-71 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H.

Welch, G. R.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Yu. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229-5232 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wild, U. P.

K. Holiday, M. Croci, E. Vauthey, and U. P. Wild, "Spectral hole burning and holography in an Y2SIO5:Pr3+ crystal," Phys. Rev. B 47, 14741-14752 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Xia, F.

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, and Yu. Vlasov, "Ultracompact optical buffers on a silicon chip," Nat. Photonics 1, 65-71 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yin, G. Y

D. A. Braje, V. Balic, G. Y , Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Low-light-level nonlinear optics with slow light," Phys. Rev. A 68, 041801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Z.

Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, and R. W. Boyd, "Stored light in an optical fiber via stimulated Brillouin scattering," Science 318, 1748-1750 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zibrov, A. S.

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Supplementary Material (1)

» Media 1: MOV (973 KB)     

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Self-induced ultraslow light of P in a rare-earth Pr3+ doped Y2SiO5. (a). Schematics of energy level diagram, (b). pulse sequence, and (c). propagation. (d). Ultraslow group velocity of the probe P versus the probe detuning: R1=24mW; R2=32mW; P=2.6mW. The frequency detuning of the probe is made by using an acousto-optic modulator.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Atom number dependent ultraslow light. (a) Group velocity versus repump power R2, and (b) Group delay versus repump power R2. The number of atoms is controlled by the repump R2 using persistent spectral hole burning.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a). Group delay of P as functions of power and pulse length, (b). Pulse length dependent group delay for a fixed power, (c). Ultralong (40 µs) group delay for the red circle of (a). R1=17 mW; R2=26 mW.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(Media 1) Continuous control of ultraslow group velocity of P by adjusting the repump power R2. (973 KB)

Equations (3)

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v g 1 N ,
τ g = L v g N I R 2 Ω R 2 2 ,
v g ω χ ,

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